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Interpretation Act 1978

1978 CHAPTER 30

An Act to consolidate the Interpretation Act 1889 and certain other enactments relating to the construction and operation of Acts of Parliament and other instruments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission.

[20th July 1978]

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Act: definition of "subordinate legislation" applied (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Industry Act 1991 (c. 56, SIF 130), ss. 219(1), 223(2) (with ss. 82(3), 186(1), 222(1), Sch. 13 paras. 1, 2, Sch. 14 para. 6)

Act: definition of "subordinate legislation" applied (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57, SIF 130), ss. 221(1), 225(1)

C5Act applied (26.11.2008) by Pensions Act 2008 (c. 30), ss. 73(1), 149(2)(a)

Commencement Information

I1Act wholly in force at 1.1.1979, see s. 26

General provisions as to enactment and operationE+W+S+N.I.

1 Words of enactment.E+W+S+N.I.

Every section of an Act takes effect as a substantive enactment without introductory words.

2 Amendment or repeal in same Session.E+W+S+N.I.

Any Act may be amended or repealed in the Session of Parliament in which it is passed.

3 Judicial notice.E+W+S+N.I.

Every Act is a public Act to be judicially noticed as such, unless the contrary is expressly provided by the Act.

4 Time of commencement.E+W+S+N.I.

An Act or provision of an Act comes into force—

(a)where provision is made for it to come into force on a particular day, at the beginning of that day;

(b)where no provision is made for its coming into force, at the beginning of the day on which the Act receives the Royal Assent.

Interpretation and constructionE+W+S+N.I.

5 Definitions.E+W+S+N.I.

In any Act, unless the contrary intention appears, words and expressions listed in Schedule 1 to this Act are to be construed according to that Schedule.

6 Gender and number.E+W+S+N.I.

In any Act, unless the contrary intention appears,—

(a)words importing the masculine gender include the feminine;

(b)words importing the feminine gender include the masculine;

(c)words in the singular include the plural and words in the plural include the singular.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

7 References to service by post.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act authorises or requires any document to be served by post (whether the expression “serve” or the expression “give” or “send” or any other expression is used) then, unless the contrary intention appears, the service is deemed to be effected by properly addressing, pre-paying and posting a letter containing the document and, unless the contrary is proved, to have been effected at the time at which the letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 7 modified (E.W.) (1.7.1995) by 1994 c. 36, s. 17(2)(3) (with s. 20); S.I. 1995/1317, art. 2

8 References to distance.E+W+S+N.I.

In the measurement of any distance for the purposes of an Act, that distance shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be measured in a straight line on a horizontal plane.

9 References to time of day.E+W+S+N.I.

Subject to section 3 of the M1Summer Time Act 1972 (construction of references to points of time during the period of summer time), whenever an expression of time occurs in an Act, the time referred to shall, unless it is otherwise specifically stated, be held to be Greenwich mean time.

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Marginal Citations

10 References to the Sovereign.E+W+S+N.I.

In any Act a reference to the Sovereign reigning at the time of the passing of the Act is to be construed, unless the contrary intention appears, as a reference to the Sovereign for the time being.

11 Construction of subordinate legislation.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act confers power to make subordinate legislation, expressions used in that legislation have, unless the contrary intention appears, the meaning which they bear in the Act.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 11 applied (1.1.1995) by S.I. 1994/3144, reg. 1(6)

C12S. 11 excluded (E.W.) (1.9.1997) by S.I. 1997/1972, reg. 2(3)

Statutory powers and dutiesE+W+S+N.I.

12 Continuity of powers and duties.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an Act confers a power or imposes a duty it is implied, unless the contrary intention appears, that the power may be exercised, or the duty is to be performed, from time to time as occasion requires.

(2)Where an Act confers a power or imposes a duty on the holder of an office as such, it is implied, unless the contrary intention appears, that the power may be exercised, or the duty is to be performed, by the holder for the time being of the office.

13 Anticipatory exercise of powers.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act which (or any provision of which) does not come into force immediately on its passing confers power to make subordinate legislation, or to make appointments, give notices, prescribe forms or do any other thing for the purposes of the Act, then, unless the contrary intention appears, the power may be exercised, and any instrument made thereunder may be made so as to come into force, at any time after the passing of the Act so far as may be necessary or expedient for the purpose—

(a)of bringing the Act or any provision of the Act into force; or

(b)of giving full effect to the Act or any such provision at or after the time when it comes into force.

14 Implied power to amend.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act confers power to make—

(a)rules, regulations or byelaws; or

(b)Orders in Council, orders or other subordinate legislation to be made by statutory instrument,

it implies, unless the contrary intention appears, a power, exercisable in the same manner and subject to the same conditions or limitations, to revoke, amend or re-enact any instrument made under the power.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18S. 14 extended (E.W.) (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 170(5); S.I. 1993/2762, art. 3

C19S. 14 excluded (15.2.1999) by 1998 c. 17, s. 25(9), (with Sch. 3 para. 5(1)); S.I. 1999/161, art. 2

S. 14 excluded (19.11.1998) by 1998 c. 46, s. 115, Sch. 7 para. 5 (with s. 126(3)-(11))

S. 14 excluded (28.7.2000) by 2000 c. 26, s. 122(11)

[F114APower to include sunset and review provisions in subordinate legislationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where an Act confers a power or a duty on a person to make subordinate legislation except to the extent that—

(a)the power or duty is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers, or

(b)the power or duty is exercisable by any other person within devolved competence (within the meaning of the Scotland Act 1998).

(2)The subordinate legislation may include—

(a)provision requiring the person to review the effectiveness of the legislation within a specified period or at the end of a specified period;

(b)provision for the legislation to cease to have effect at the end of a specified day or a specified period;

(c)if the power or duty is being exercised to amend other subordinate legislation, provision of the kind mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) in relation to that other legislation.

(3)The provision that may be made by virtue of subsection (2)(a) includes provision requiring the person to consider whether the objectives which it was the purpose of the legislation to achieve remain appropriate and, if so, whether they could be achieved in another way.

(4)Subordinate legislation including provision of a kind mentioned in subsection (2) may make such provision generally or only in relation to specified provisions of the legislation or specified cases or circumstances.

(5)Subordinate legislation including provision of a kind mentioned in subsection (2) may make transitional, consequential, incidental or supplementary provision or savings in connection with such provision.

(6)In this section, “specified” means specified in the subordinate legislation.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Repealing enactmentsE+W+S+N.I.

15 Repeal of repeal.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act repeals a repealing enactment, the repeal does not revive any enactment previously repealed unless words are added reviving it.

16 General savings.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Without prejudice to section 15, where an Act repeals an enactment, the repeal does not, unless the contrary intention appears,—

(a)revive anything not in force or existing at the time at which the repeal takes effect;

(b)affect the previous operation of the enactment repealed or anything duly done or suffered under that enactment;

(c)affect any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under that enactment;

(d)affect any penalty, forfeiture or punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed against that enactment;

(e)affect any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment;

and any such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced, and any such penalty, forfeiture or punishment may be imposed, as if the repealing Act had not been passed.

(2)This section applies to the expiry of a temporary enactment as if it were repealed by an Act.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22S. 16(1) applied (E.) (temp. from 27.11.2001 until 27.7.2002) by S.I. 2001/3576, art. 3(2)

S. 16(1) applied (27.11.2001) by S.I. 2001/3577, art. 3(2)

S. 16(1) applied (27.11.2001) by S.I. 2001/3578, art. 3(2)

C24S. 16(1) applied (with modifications) by The Virgin Islands Constitution Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/1678), s. 80(3) (the amendment coming into force in accordance with s. 1(2) of the amending S.I.)

C26S. 16(1) applied by The Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/2846), Sch. ss. 54(3), 55(5) (the application coming into force in accordance with arts. 1(3), 2(1) of the applying S.I.)

C27S. 16(1) applied (with modifications) by The St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1751), arts. 75(3), 152(3), 217(3) (the amendments coming into force in accordance with art. 1(3) of the amending S.I.)

C28S. 16(1) applied by The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/244), arts. 2, 4, Sch. 2 section 41(3) (the amendment coming into force in accordance with arts. 1(2), 2 of the amending S.I.)

C30S. 16(1) modified (17.12.2010) by Terrorist Asset-Freezing etc. Act 2010 (c. 38), ss. 46(4), 55(1) (with s. 44)

17 Repeal and re-enactment.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an Act repeals a previous enactment and substitutes provisions for the enactment repealed, the repealed enactment remains in force until the substituted provisions come into force.

(2)Where an Act repeals and re-enacts, with or without modification, a previous enactment then, unless the contrary intention appears,—

(a)any reference in any other enactment to the enactment so repealed shall be construed as a reference to the provision re-enacted;

(b)in so far as any subordinate legislation made or other thing done under the enactment so repealed, or having effect as if so made or done, could have been made or done under the provision re-enacted, it shall have effect as if made or done under that provision.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C32S. 17 excluded (S.) (1.7.2005) by The Cereal Seed (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I 2005/328), {reg, 28(2)}

S. 17 excluded (S.) (1.7.2005) by The Fodder Plant Seed (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/329), reg. 28(2)

S. 17 excluded (W.) (18.11.2005) by The Vegetable Seed (Wales) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3035), reg. 32(2)

S. 17 excluded (W.) (18.11.2005) by The Cereal Seed (Wales) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3036), reg. 32(2)

S. 17 excluded (W.) (18.11.2005) by The Beet Seed (Wales) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3037), reg. 29(2)

C34S. 17(2) excluded (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103, 104(1), Sch. 8 Pt. I para. 1(6)(7)

S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.S.) (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 17, ss. 44, 46, Sch. 2 Pt. I paras. 1-5 (with s. 38)

S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.S.) (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 18, ss. 241, 243, Sch. 2 Pt. I paras. 1-5 (with ss. 191-195, 202)

S. 17(2) excluded (21.7.1997) by 1997 c. 22, s. 27, Sch. 2 paras. 1-5; S.I. 1997/1672, art. 2

S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.) (19.6.1997) by 1997 c. 25, ss. 73(1), 74(1), Sch. 4 Pt. I para. 1(6)

S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.) (11.9.1998) by 1998 c. 18, ss. 54(2), 55(2), Sch. 4 para. 6

S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.) (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(3), 168(1), Sch. 11 Pt. I para. 1(5)

S. 17(2) excluded (22.3.2001 with effect in accordance with s. 579(1) of the excluding Act) by 2001 c. 2, s. 579, Sch. 3 Pt. I para. 6

S. 17(2) excluded (24.10.2002) by 2002 c. 24, ss. 14, 18(2), Sch. 2 para. 5

S. 17(2) excluded (6.4.2003 with effect in accordance with s. 723(1)(a)(b) of the excluding Act) by The Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c. 1), s. 723, Sch. 7 para. 6 (subject to Sch. 7)

S. 17(2) excluded (6.4.2005 with effect in accordance with s. 883(1)(a)(b) of the excluding Act) by The Income Tax (Trading and other Income) Act 2005 (c. 5), s. 883, Sch. 2 para. 6(1)

S. 17(2) excluded (8.2.2007) by The Wireless Telegraphy Act 2006 (c. 36), ss. 124, 126, Sch. 8 para. 5

S. 17(2) excluded (1.3.2007) by The National Health Service (Consequential Provisions) Act 2006 (c. 43), ss. 4, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 1(8) (with Sch. 3 Pt. 1)

S. 17(2) excluded (1.4.2007) by The Parliamentary Costs Act 2006 (c. 37), ss. 17(7), 19, Sch. 2 para. 6

C35S. 17(2) excluded (E.W.) (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), ss. 354, 355, Sch. 8 para. 5 (with s. 20(2))

C38S. 17(2)(b) excluded (24.7.2002) by 2002 c. 23, s. 20(4)

MiscellaneousE+W+S+N.I.

18 Duplicated offences.E+W+S+N.I.

Where an act or omission constitutes an offence under two or more Acts, or both under an Act and at common law, the offender shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be liable to be prosecuted and punished under either or any of those Acts or at common law, but shall not be liable to be punished more than once for the same offence.

19 Citation of other Acts.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an Act cites another Act by year, statute, session or chapter, or a section or other portion of another Act by number or letter, the reference shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be read as referring—

(a)in the case of Acts included in any revised edition of the statutes printed by authority, to that edition;

(b)in the case of Acts not so included but included in the edition prepared under the direction of the Record Commission, to that edition;

(c)in any other case, to the Acts printed by the Queen’s Printer, or under the superintendence or authority of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

(2)An Act may continue to be cited by the short title authorised by any enactment notwithstanding the repeal of that enactment.

20 References to other enactments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an Act describes or cites a portion of an enactment by referring to words, sections or other parts from or to which (or from and to which) the portion extends, the portion described or cited includes the words, sections or other parts referred to unless the contrary intention appears.

(2)Where an Act refers to an enactment, the reference, unless the contrary intention appears, is a reference to that enactment as amended, and includes a reference thereto as extended or applied, by or under any other enactment, including any other provision of that Act.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F220AReferences to [F3EU instruments]E+W+S+N.I.

Where an Act passed after the commencement of this section refers to a [F4EU instrument] that has been amended, extended or applied by another such instrument, the reference, unless the contrary intention appears, is a reference to that instrument as so amended, extended or applied.]

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Amendments (Textual)

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

21 Interpretation etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Act “Act” includes a local and personal or private Act; and “subordinate legislation” means Orders in Council, orders, rules, regulations, schemes, warrants, byelaws and other instruments made or to be made under any Act.

(2)This Act binds the Crown.

22 Application to Acts and Measures.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act applies to itself, to any Act passed after the commencement of this Act [F5(subject, in the case of section 20A, to the provision made in that section)] and, to the extent specified in Part I of Schedule 2, to Acts passed before the commencement of this Act.

(2)In any of the foregoing provisions of this Act a reference to an Act is a reference to an Act to which that provision applies; but this does not affect the generality of references to enactments or of the references in section 19(1) to other Acts.

(3)This Act applies to Measures of the General Synod of the Church of England (and, so far as it relates to Acts passed before the commencement of this Act, to Measures of the Church Assembly passed after 28th May 1925) as it applies to Acts.

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Amendments (Textual)

23 Application to other instruments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The provisions of this Act, except sections 1 to 3 and 4(b), apply, so far as applicable and unless the contrary intention appears, to subordinate legislation made after the commencement of this Act and, to the extent specified in Part II of Schedule 2, to subordinate legislation made before the commencement of this Act, as they apply to Acts.

(2)In the application of this Act to Acts passed or subordinate legislation made after the commencement of this Act, all references to an enactment include an enactment comprised in subordinate legislation whenever made, and references to the passing or repeal of an enactment are to be construed accordingly.

(3)Sections 9 and 19(1) also apply to deeds and other instruments and documents as they apply to Acts and subordinate legislation; and in the application of section 17(2)(a) to Acts passed or subordinate legislation made after the commencement of this Act, the reference to any other enactment includes any deed or other instrument or document.

(4)Subsections (1) and (2) of this section do not apply to Orders in Council made under section 5 of the M2Statutory Instruments Act 1946, section 1(3) of the M3Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972 or Schedule 1 to the M4Northern Ireland Act 1974.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C42S. 23(3) excluded by Companies Act 1989 (c. 40, SIF 27), s. 144(6)

S. 23(3) excluded (6.4.2008 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.10.2009) by Companies Act 2006 (c. 46), ss. 1160(4), 1300(2); S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(4) (subject to art. 6, Sch. 1); S.I. 2008/2860, art. 3(u) (with arts. 5, 7, 8, Sch. 2 (as amended by S.I. 2009/1802, art. 18, Sch. 2 and S.I. 2009/2476, reg. 2(3))

Marginal Citations

[F623A Acts of the Scottish Parliament etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act applies in relation to an Act of the Scottish Parliament and an instrument made under such an Act only to the extent provided in this section.

(2)Except as provided in subsection (3) below, sections 15 to 18 apply to—

(a)an Act of the Scottish Parliament as they apply to an Act,

(b)an instrument made under an Act of the Scottish Parliament as they apply to subordinate legislation.

(3)In the application of those sections to an Act and to subordinate legislation—

(a)references to an enactment include an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument made under, an Act of the Scottish Parliament, and

(b)the reference in section 17(2)(b) to subordinate legislation includes an instrument made under an Act of the Scottish Parliament.

(4)In the application of section 20 to an Act and to subordinate legislation, references to an enactment include an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument made under, an Act of the Scottish Parliament.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F6S. 23A and sidenote inserted (1.7.1999) by 1998 c. 46, s. 125, Sch. 8 para. 16(2) (with s. 126(3)-(11)); S.I. 1998/3178, art. 2

[F723BMeasures and Acts of the National Assembly for Wales etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject as follows, the provisions of this Act—

(a)apply to a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales as they apply to an Act, and

(b)apply to an instrument made under a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales as they apply to other subordinate legislation.

(2)Sections 1 to 3 do not apply to a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales.

(3)In this Act references to an enactment include an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument made under, a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales.

(4)In the application of this Act to a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales, references to the passing of an Act or an enactment are to be read as references to the enactment of the Measure or Act.

(5)Section 4(b) does not apply to a Measure of the National Assembly for Wales; but where such a Measure makes no provision for the coming into force of a provision contained in it, that provision comes into force at the beginning of the day on which the Measure is approved by Her Majesty in Council.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F7S. 23B inserted by Government of Wales Act 2006 (c. 32), s. 160(1), Sch. 10 para. 11 (with Sch. 11 para. 22), the amending provision coming into force immediately after "the 2007 election" (held on 3.5.2007) subject to s. 161(4)(5) of the amending Act, which provides for certain provisions to come into force for specified purposes at the end of "the initial period" (which ended with the first appointment of a First Minister on 25.5.2007) - see ss. 46, 161(1)(4)(5) of the amending Act

24 Application to Northern Ireland.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act extends to Northern Ireland so far as it applies to Acts or subordinate legislation which so extend.

(2)In the application of this Act to Acts passed or subordinate legislation made after the commencement of this Act, all references to an enactment include an enactment comprised in Northern Ireland legislation whenever passed or made; and in relation to such legislation references to the passing or repeal of an enactment include the making or revocation of an Order in Council.

(3)In the application of section 14 to Acts passed after the commencement of this Act which extend to Northern Ireland, “statutory instrument” includes statutory rule for the purposes of the [F8M5Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979].

[F9(3A)Section 20A applies to Northern Ireland legislation as it applies to Acts.]

(4)The following definitions contained in Schedule 1, namely those of—

  • F10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • The Communities and related expressions;

  • The Corporation Tax Acts;

  • [F11EEA agreement and EEA state;]

  • The Income Tax Acts;

  • The Tax Acts,

apply, unless the contrary intention appears, to Northern Ireland legislation as they apply to Acts.

(5)In this section “Northern Ireland legislation” means—

(a)Acts of the Parliament of Ireland;

(b)Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland;

(c)Orders in Council under section 1(3) of the M6Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972;

[F12(d)Measures of the Northern Ireland Assembly established under section 1 of the M7Northern Ireland Assembly Act 1973;

(e)Orders in Council under Schedule 1 to the M8Northern Ireland Act 1974;

(f)Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly; and

(g)Orders in Council under section 85 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F12S. 24(5)(d)-(g) substituted for s. 24(5)(d)(e) (2.12.1999) by 1998 c. 47, s. 99, Sch. 13 para. 3 (with s. 95); S.I. 1999/3209, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

25 Repeals and savings.E+W+S+N.I.

X1(1)The enactments described in Schedule 3 are repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

(2)Without prejudice to section 17(2)(a), a reference to the M9Interpretation Act 1889, to any provision of that Act or to any other enactment repealed by this Act, whether occurring in another Act, in subordinate legislation, in Northern Ireland legislation or in any deed or other instrument or document, shall be construed as referring to this Act, or to the corresponding provision of this Act, as it applies to Acts passed at the time of the reference.

(3)The provisions of this Act relating to Acts passed after any particular time do not affect the construction of Acts passed before that time, though continued or amended by Acts passed thereafter.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Editorial Information

X1The text of s. 25(1), Sch. 3 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any repeals or amendments which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Marginal Citations

26 Commencement.E+W+S+N.I.

This Act shall come into force on 1st January 1979.

27 Short title.E+W+S+N.I.

This Act may be cited as the Interpretation Act 1978.

SCHEDULES

Section 5.

SCHEDULE 1E+W+S+N.I. Words and Expressions Defined

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C44Sch. 1 excluded in part (6.4.2003 with effect in accordance with s. 723(1) of the excluding Act) by Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c. 1), s. 721(6)(b) (subject to Sch. 7)

Note: The years or dates which follow certain entries in this Schedule are relevant for the purposes of paragraph 4 of Schedule 2 (application to existing enactments).

DefinitionsE+W+S+N.I.

    • [F13Act” means an Act of Parliament.]

    • Associated state” means a territory maintaining a status of association with the United Kingdom in accordance with the M10West Indies Act 1967. [16th February 1967]

    • Bank of England” means, as the context requires, the Governor and Company of the Bank of England or the bank of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England.

    • Bank of Ireland” means, as the context requires, the Governor and Company of the Bank of Ireland or the bank of the Governor and Company of the Bank of Ireland.

    • British Islands” means the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. [1889]

    • [F14British overseas territory” has the same meaning as in the British Nationality Act 1981;]

    • British possession” means any part of Her Majesty’s dominions outside the United Kingdom; and where parts of such dominions are under both a central and a local legislature, all parts under the central legislature are deemed, for the purposes of this definition, to be one British possession. [1889]

    • F15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    • Building regulations”, in relation to England and Wales, [F16has the meaning given by section 122 of the Building Act 1984]

    • Central funds”, in an enactment providing in relation to England and Wales for the payment of costs out of central funds, means money provided by Parliament.

    • [F17Charity Commission” means the Charity Commission for England and Wales (see section 13 of the Charities Act 2011).]

    • Church Commissioners” means the Commissioners constituted by the M11Church Commissioners Measure 1947.

    • [F18Civil partnership” means a civil partnership which exists under or by virtue of the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (and any reference to a civil partner is to be read accordingly).]

    • Colonial legislature”, and “legislature” in relation to a British possession, mean the authority, other than the Parliament of the United Kingdom or Her Majesty in Council, competent to make laws for the possession. [1889]

    • Colony” means any part of Her Majesty’s dominions outside the British Islands except—

      (a)

      countries having fully responsible status within the Commonwealth;

      (b)

      territories for whose external relations a country other than the United Kingdom is responsible;

      (c)

      associated states:

      and where parts of such dominions are under both a central and a local legislature, all parts under the central legislature are deemed for the purposes of this definition to be one colony. [1889]

    • Commencement”, in relation to an Act or enactment, means the time when the Act or enactment comes into force.

    • Committed for trial” means—

      (a)

      [F19in relation to England and Wales, committed in custody or on bail by a magistrates’ court pursuant to [F20section 6 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980], or by any judge or other authority having power to do so, with a view to trial before a judge and jury; [1889]

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, committed in custody or on bail by a magistrates’ court pursuant to [F21Article 37 of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981], or by a court, judge, resident magistrate F22. . . or other authority having power to do so, with a view to trial on indictment. [1st January 1979]

    • The Communities”, “the Treaties” or “the Community Treaties” and other expressions defined by section 1 of and Schedule 1 to the M12European Communities Act 1972 have the meanings prescribed by that Act.

    • Comptroller and Auditor General” means the Comptroller-General of the receipt and issue of Her Majesty’s Exchequer and Auditor-General of Public Accounts appointed in pursuance of the M13Exchequer and Audit Departments Act 1866.

    • Consular officer” has the meaning assigned by Article 1 of the Vienna Convention set out in Schedule 1 to the M14Consular Relations Act 1968.

    • [F23The Corporation Tax Acts” means the enactments relating to the taxation of the income and chargeable gains of companies and of company distributions (including provisions relating to income tax);]

    • County court” means—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, a court held for a district under [F24the County Courts Act 1984]; [1846]

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, a court held for a division under the County Courts [F25(Northern Ireland) Order 1980]. [1889]

    • Court of Appeal” means—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Court of Appeal in England;

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, Her Majesty’s Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland.

    • [F26Court of Judicature” means the Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland.]

    • Court of summary jurisdiction”, “summary conviction” and “Summary Jurisdiction Acts”, in relation to Northern Ireland, have the same meanings as in Measures of the Northern Ireland Assembly and Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

    • Crown Court” means—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, the Crown Court constituted by section 4 of the M15Crown Courts Act 1971;

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, the Crown Court constituted by section 4 of the M16Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978.

    • Crown Estate Commissioners” means the Commissioners referred to in section 1 of the M17Crown Estate Act 1961.

    • [F27EEA agreement” means the agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992, together with the Protocol adjusting that Agreement signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993, as modified or supplemented from time to time. [The date of the coming into force of this paragraph.]

    • EEA state”, in relation to any time, means—

      (a)

      a state which at that time is a member State; or

      (b)

      any other state which at that time is a party to the EEA agreement. [The date of the coming into force of this paragraph.]]

    • [F28Enactment” does not include an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument made under, an Act of the Scottish Parliament.]

    • England” means, subject to any alteration of boundaries under Part IV of the M18Local Government Act 1972, the area consisting of the counties established by section 1 of that Act, Greater London and the Isles of Scilly. [1st April 1974].

    • Financial year” means, in relation to matters relating to the Consolidated Fund, the National Loans Fund, or moneys provided by Parliament, or to the Exchequer or to central taxes or finance, the twelve months ending with 31st March. [1889]

    • Governor-General” includes any person who for the time being has the powers of the Governor-General, and “Governor”, in relation to any British possession, includes the officer for the time being administering the government of that possession. [1889]

    • [F29Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs” has the meaning given by section 4 of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005.]

    • High Court” means—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice in England;

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland.

    • [F30The Immigration Acts” has the meaning given by [F31section 61 of the UK Borders Act 2007].]

    • The Income Tax Acts” means all enactments relating to income tax, including any provisions of the Corporation Tax Acts which relate to income tax.

    • Land” includes building and other structures, land covered with water, and any estate, interest, easement, servitude or right in or over land. [1st January 1979].

    • Lands Clauses Acts” means—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, the M19Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845 and the M20Lands Clauses Consolidation Acts Amendment Act 1860, and any Acts for the time being in force amending those Acts; [1889]

      (b)

      in relation to Scotland, the M21Lands Clauses Consolidation (Scotland) Act 1845 and the M22Lands Clauses Consolidation Acts Amendment Act 1860, and any Acts for the time being in force amending those Acts; [1889]

      (c)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, the enactments defined as such by section 46(1) of the M23Interpretation Act Northern Ireland) 1954. [1889]

    • Local land charges register”, in relation to England and Wales, means a register kept pursuant to section 3 of the M24Local Land Charges Act 1975, and “the appropriate local land charges register” has the meaning assigned by section 4 of that Act.

    • [F32Local policing body” has the meaning given by section 101(1) of the Police Act 1996.]

    • London borough” means a borough described in Schedule 1 to the M25London Government Act 1963, “inner London borough” means one of the boroughs so described and numbered from 1 to 12 and “outer London borough” means one of the boroughs so described and numbered from 13 to 32, subject (in each case) to any alterations made under Part IV of the M26Local Government Act 1972 [F33, Part 2 of the Local Government Act 1992 or Part 1 of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007].

    • Lord Chancellor” means the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

    • Magistrates’ court” has the meaning assigned to it—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, by [F34section 148 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980];

      (b)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, by [F35Article 2(2) of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981].

    • Month” means calendar month. [1850]

    • National Debt Commissioners” means the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt.

    • Northern Ireland legislation” has the meaning assigned by section 24(5) of this Act. [1st January 1979]

    • Oath” and “affidavit” include affirmation and declaration, and “swear” includes affirm and declare.

    • [F36Officer of a provider of probation services” in relation to England and Wales, has the meaning given by section 9(1) of the Offender Management Act 2007;” and]

    • [F37Officer of Revenue and Customs” has the meaning given by section 2(1) of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005.]

    • Ordnance Map” means a map made under powers conferred by the M27Ordnance Survey Act 1841 or the M28Boundary Survey (Ireland) Act 1854.

    • Parliamentary Election” means the election of a Member to serve in Parliament for a constituency. [1889]

    • [F38PAYE income” has the meaning given by section 683 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003.

    • PAYE regulations” means regulations under section 684 of that Act.]

    • Person” includes a body of persons corporate or unincorporate. [1889]

    • Police areaF39. . . and other expressions relating to the police have the meaning or effect described—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, by [F40section 101(1) of the Police Act 1996];

      (b)

      in relation to Scotland, by sections 50 and 51(4) of the M29Police (Scotland) Act 1967.

    • [F41Police authority”, in relation to Scotland, has the meaning or effect described by sections 50 and 51(4) of the Police (Scotland) Act 1967.]

    • [F42Police Service of Northern Ireland” and “Police Service of Northern Ireland Reserve” have the same meaning as in the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 2000;]

    • The Privy Council” means the Lords and others of Her Majesty’s Most Honourable Privy Council.

    • [F43Provider of probation services”, in relation to England and Wales, has the meaning given by section 3(6) of the Offender Management Act 2007;”.]

    • [F44Registered” in relation to nurses and midwives, means registered in the register maintained under article 5 of the [F45Nursing and Midwifery Order 2001] by virtue of qualifications in nursing or midwifery, as the case may be.]

    • [F46Registered medical practitioner” means a fully registered person within the meaning of the Medical Act 1983 who holds a licence to practise under that Act.]

    • [F47“Registered provider of social housing” and “private registered provider of social housing” have the meanings given by section 80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (and “non-profit” and “profit-making” in connection with a registered provider are to be read in accordance with section 115 of that Act).]

    • Rules of Court” in relation to any court means rules made by the authority having power to make rules or orders regulating the practice and procedure of that court, and in Scotland includes Acts of Adjournal and Acts of Sederunt; and the power of the authority to make rules of court (as above defined) includes power to make such rules for the purpose of any Act which directs or authorises anything to be done by rules of court. [1889]

    • Secretary of State” means one of Her Majesty’s Principal Secretaries of State.

    • [F48Senior Courts” means the Senior Courts of England and Wales.]

    • [F49Sent for trial” means, in relation to England and Wales, sent by a magistrates' court to the Crown Court for trial pursuant tosection 51 or 51A of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.]

    • [F50Sewerage undertaker”, in relation to England and Wales, shall be construed in accordance with [F51section 6 of the Water Industry Act 1991]].

    • Sheriff”, in relation to Scotland, includes sheriff principal. [1889]

    • [F52The standard scale”, with reference to a fine or penalty for an offence triable only summarily,—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, has the meaning given by section 37 of the M30Criminal Justice Act 1982;

      (b)

      in relation to Scotland, has the meaning given by [F53section 225(1) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995]];

      (c)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, has the meaning given by Article 5 of the M31Fines and Penalties (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.

    • Statutory declaration” means a declaration made by virtue of the M32Statutory Declarations Act 1835.

    • [F54Statutory maximum”, with reference to a fine or penalty on summary conviction for an offence,—

      (a)

      in relation to England and Wales, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of section 32 of the M33Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980;

      (b)

      in relation to Scotland, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of [F55section 225(8) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995]]; and

      (c)

      in relation to Northern Ireland, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of Article 4 of the Fines and Penalties (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.

    • [F56Supreme Court” means the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.]

    • [F57The Tax Acts” means the Income Tax Acts and the Corporation Tax Acts.]

    • The Treasury” means the Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury.

    • [F58Trust of land” and “trustees of land”, in relation to England and Wales, have the same meanings as in the Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996.]

    • United Kingdom” means Great Britain and Northern Ireland. [12th April 1927]

    • [F59Wales” means the combined area of the counties which were created by section 20 of the M34Local Government Act 1972, as originally enacted, but subject to any alteration made under section 73 of that Act (consequential alteration of boundary following alteration of watercourse).]

    • [F60Water undertaker”, in relation to England and Wales, shall be construed in accordance with [F51section 6 of the Water Industry Act 1991]].

    • Writing” includes typing, printing, lithography, photography and other modes of representing or reproducing words in a visible form, and expressions referring to writing are construed accordingly.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F13In Sch. 1 definition of "Act" inserted (1.7.1999) by 1998 c. 46, s. 125, Sch. 8 para. 16(3) (with s. 126(3)-(11)); S.I. 1998/3178, art. 2

F14Sch. 1: definition of "British overseas territory" inserted (26.2.2002) by 2002 c. 8, s. 1(3)

F17Sch. 1: definition of "Charity Commission" substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), ss. 354, 355, Sch. 7 para. 35 (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8)

F18In Sch. 1 definition of "civil partnership" inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 261(1), 263(10), Sch. 27 para. 59; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 2(2)

F19Sch. 1: words repealed (18.6.2012 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 41, 332, 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 49(a), Sch. 37 Pt. 4; S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(d)(2)(3) (with art. 5)

F22In Sch. 1 in paragraph (b) of definition of "committed for trial" words repealed (1.4.2005) by Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002 (c. 26), ss. 86, 87, Sch. 13; S.R. 2005/109, art. 2, Sch.

F26In Sch. 1 definition of "Court of Judicature" inserted (1.10.2009) by Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), ss. 59(5), 148(1), Sch. 11 para. 24(b); S.I. 2009/1604, art. 2

F27In Sch.1 definitions of "EEA agreement" and "EEA state" inserted (8.1.2007) by Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c. 51), ss. 26(1), 33

F28In Sch. 1 definition of "enactment" inserted (1.7.1999) by 1998 c. 46, s. 125, Sch. 8 para. 16(3) (with s. 126(3)-(11)); S.I. 1998/3178, art. 2

F29In Sch. 1 definition of "Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs" inserted (7.4.2005 at 5.45 p.m.) by Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (c. 11), ss. 4(3), 53; S.I. 2005/1126, art. 2

F30In Sch. 1 definition of "the immigration acts" inserted (30.3.2006) by Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 (c. 13), s. 64(4)

F31Sch. 1: words in definition of "The Immigration Acts" substituted (30.10.2007) by UK Borders Act 2007 (c. 30), ss. 59(2), 61(4)

F33Sch. 1: words in definition of "London borough" substituted (1.11.2007 with application as mentioned in art. 1(1) of the commencing S.I.) by Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 (c. 28), ss. 22, 245, Sch. 1 para. 14; S.I. 2007/3136, art. 2 (subject to art. 3)

F36Sch. 1: definition of "Officer of a provider of probation services" inserted (1.4.2008) by Offender Management Act 2007 (c. 21), ss. 39, 41(1), Sch. 3 para. 2; S.I. 2008/504, art. 3(k)(l)

F37In Sch. 1 definition of "Officer of Revenue and Customs" inserted (7.4.2005 at 5.45 p.m.) by Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (c. 11), ss. 2(7), 53; S.I. 2005/1126, art. 2

F38In Sch. 1 definitions of "PAYE income" and "PAYE regulations" inserted (6.4.2003 with effect as mentioned in s. 723(1)(a)(b) of amending Act) by Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c. 1), ss. 722, 723, Sch. 6 Pt. 2 para. 148 (subject to Sch. 7)

F40In Sch. 1 in definition of "police area" words substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103, 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 32

F42Sch. 1: definitions of "Police Service of Northern Ireland" and "Police Service of Northern Ireland Reserve" inserted (4.11.2001) by 2000 c. 32, s. 74, Sch. 6, para. 5; S.R. 2001/396, art. 2, Sch.

F43Sch. 1: definition of "Provider of probation services" inserted (1.4.2008) by Offender Management Act 2007 (c. 21), ss. 39, 41(1), Sch. 3 para. 2; S.I. 2008/504, art. 3(k)(l)

F44Sch. 1: definition of "registered" substituted by S.I. 2002/253, art. 54, Sch. 5 para. 7 (the amendment coming into force in accordance with art. 1(2)(3) of the amending S.I.)

F46Sch. 1: definition of "registered medical practitioner" substituted by S.I. 2002/3135, art. 16(1), Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions in Sch. 2) (the amendment coming into force in accordance with art. 1(2)(3) of the amending S.I.)

F47Sch. 1: definition of "registered provider of social housing" inserted (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 277, 325(1), Sch. 9 para. 5; S.I. 2010/862, arts. 1(2), 2 (subject to Sch.); and definition of "registered provider of social housing" and "private registered provider of social housing" immediately substituted (1.4.2010) for that definition by The Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (Registration of Local Authorities) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/844), arts. 1(2), 6, Sch. 2 para. 1

F48In Sch. 1 definition of "Senior Courts" inserted (1.10.2009) by Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), ss. 59(5), 148(1), Sch. 11 para. 24(b); S.I. 2009/1604, art. 2

F51Sch. 1: words in definitions of "sewerage undertaker" and "water undertaker" substituted (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Consolidation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991 (c. 60, SIF 130), ss. 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 32.

F53In Sch. 1 in paragraph (b) of definition of "the standard scale" words substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 40, ss. 5, 7(2), Sch. 4 para. 17(a)

F55In Sch. 1 in paragraph (b) of definition of "statutory maximum" words substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 40, ss. 5, 7(2), Sch. 4 para. 17(b)

F56In Sch. 1 definition of "Supreme Court" substituted (1.10.2009) by Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), ss. 59(5), 148(1), Sch. 11 para. 24(a); S.I. 2009/1604, art. 2

F58In Sch. 1 definitions of "trust of land" and "trustees of land" inserted (E.W.) (1.1.1997) by 1996 c. 47, s. 25(1), Sch. 3 para. 16 (with ss. 24(2), 25(4)(5)); S.I. 1996/2974, art. 2

F59Definition of "Wales" in Sch. 1 substituted (3.4.1995) by 1994 c. 19, s. 1(3), Sch. 2 para. 9 (with ss. 54(5)(7), 55(5), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1995/852, art. 3, Sch. 1

Marginal Citations

M111947 C.A.M. No. 2.

F61 . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F61Entry repealed (E.W.) (14.10.1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108(6)(7), Sch.15 (Sch. 14 paras. 1(1), 27(4)); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

F62. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F62Entry repealed (E.W) (14.10.1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108 (6)(7) (Sch. 14 paras. 1(1), 27(4)) Sch.15; S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2).

Construction of certain expressions relating to offencesE+W+S+N.I.

In relation to England and Wales—

(a)indictable offence” means an offence which, if committed by an adult, is triable on indictment, whether it is exclusively so triable or triable either way;

(b)summary offence” means an offence which, if committed by an adult, is triable only summarily;

(c)offence triable either way” means an offence [F63, other than an offence triable on indictment only by virtue of Part V of the Criminal Justice Act 1988] which, if committed by an adult, is triable either on indictment or summarily;

and the terms “indictable”, “summary” and “triable either way”, in their application to offences, are to be construed accordingly.

In the above definitions references to the way or ways in which an offence is triable are to be construed without regard to the effect, if any, of [F64section 22 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980] on the mode of trial in a particular case.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F65 Construction of certain references to relationshipsE+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

In relation to England and Wales—

(a)references (however expressed) to any relationship between two persons;

(b)references to a person whose father and mother were or were not married to each other at the time of his birth; and

(c)references cognate with references falling within paragraph (b) above,

shall be construed in accordance with section 1 of the Family Law Reform Act 1987. [The date of the coming into force of that section]]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Sections 22, 23.

SCHEDULE 2E+W+S+N.I. Application of Act to Existing Enactments

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Acts

1The following provisions of this Act apply to Acts whenever passed:—E+W+S+N.I.

  • Section 6(a) and (c) so far as applicable to enactments relating to offences punishable on indictment or on summary conviction

  • Section 9

  • Section 10

  • Section 11 so far as it relates to subordinate legislation made after the year 1889

  • [F66Section 14A]

  • Section 18

  • Section 19(2).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

2The following apply to Acts passed after the year 1850:—E+W+S+N.I.

  • Section 1

  • Section 2

  • Section 3

  • Section 6(a) and (c) so far as not applicable to such Acts by virtue of paragraph 1

  • Section 15

  • Section 17(1).

3The following apply to Acts passed after the year 1889:—E+W+S+N.I.

  • Section 4

  • Section 7

  • Section 8

  • Section 12

  • Section 13

  • Section 14 so far as it relates to rules, regulations or byelaws

  • Section 16(1)

  • Section 17(2)(a)

  • Section 19(1)

  • Section 20(1).

4(1)Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)paragraphs of Schedule 1 at the end of which a year or date F67. . . is specified [F68or described] apply, so far as applicable, to Acts passed on or after the date, or after the year, so specified [F68or described]: and

(b)paragraphs of that Schedule at the end of which no year or date is specified [F68or described] apply, so far as applicable, to Acts passed at any time.

(2)The definition of “British Islands”, in its application to Acts passed after the establishment of the Irish Free State but before the commencement of this Act, includes the Republic of Ireland.

(3)The definition of “colony”, in its application to an Act passed at any time before the commencement of this Act, includes—

(a)any colony within the meaning of section 18(3) of the M35Interpretation Act 1889 which was excluded, but in relation only to Acts passed at a later time, by any enactment repealed by this Act;

(b)any country or territory which ceased after that time to be part of Her Majesty’s dominions but subject to a provision for the continuation of existing law as if it had not so ceased;

and paragraph (b) of the definition does not apply.

(4)The definition of “Lord Chancellor” does not apply to Acts passed before 1st October 1921 in which that expression was used in relation to Ireland only.

(5)The definition of “person”, so far as it includes bodies corporate, applies to any provision of an Act whenever passed relating to an offence punishable on indictment or on summary conviction.

(6)This paragraph applies to F69. . . the M36Water Act 1973 as if they were passed after 1st April 1974.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F69Words in Sch. 2 Pt. I para. 4(6) repealed (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 17, s. 5, Sch. 3 (with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 16)

Marginal Citations

5The following definitions shall be treated as included in Schedule 1 for the purposes specified in this paragraph—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)in any Act passed before 1st April 1974, a reference to England includes Berwick upon Tweed and Monmouthshire and, in the case of an Act passed before the M37Welsh Language Act 1967, Wales;

(b)in any Act passed before the commencement of this Act and after the year 1850, “land” includes messuages, tenements and hereditaments, houses and buildings of any tenure;

(c)in any Act passed before the commencement of the M38Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975, “the Summary Jurisdiction (Scotland) Acts” means Part II of that Act.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Part IIE+W+S+N.I. Subordinate Legislation

6Sections 4(a), 9 and 19(1), and so much of Schedule 1 as defines the following expressions, namely—E+W+S+N.I.

  • F70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • England;

  • Local land charges register and appropriate local land charges register;

  • Police area (and related expressions) in relation to Scotland;

  • United Kingdom;

  • Wales,

apply to subordinate legislation made at any time before the commencement of this Act as they apply to Acts passed at that time.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

7The definition in Schedule 1 of “county court”, in relation to England and Wales, applies to Orders in Council made after the year 1846.E+W+S+N.I.

Section 25.

X2SCHEDULE 3E+W+S+N.I. ENACTMENTS REPEALED

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Editorial Information

X2The text of s. 25(1), Sch. 3 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any repeals or amendments which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

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