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Criminal Law Act 1977

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31 Increase of fines for certain summary offences.E+W+S

(1)The enactments specified in column 2 of Schedule 6 to this Act, which relate to the maximum fines for the offences mentioned (and broadly described) in column 1 of that Schedule, shall have effect as if the maximum fine that may be imposed on summary conviction of any offence so mentioned were a fine not exceeding the amount specified in column 4 of that Schedule instead of a fine not exceeding the amount specified in column 3 of that Schedule, so however that the preceding provision shall not alter the maximum daily fine, if any, provided for by any of those enactments.

(2)This subsection applies to the following enactments (by virtue of which certain byelaws may make persons contravening the byelaws liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £20), namely—

(a)section 183 of the M1Public Health Act 1875 and section 237 of the M2Local Government Act 1972 (local authorities’ byelaws) in their application to byelaws under any public general Act; and

(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1

(3)In the enactments to which subsection (2) above applies for any reference to £20 there shall be substituted a reference to £50; and any provision in force at the coming into force of this subsection which—

(a)is contained in any byelaw made under a public general Act by virtue of—

(i)any enactment to which subsection (2) above applies; or

(ii)section 251 of the M3Local Government Act 1933; and

(b)specifies £20 as the maximum fine which may be imposed on summary conviction in respect of a contravention of, or offence under, any byelaw mentioned in that provision,

shall have effect as if it specified £50 instead (but with no change by virtue of this subsection in the maximum daily fine, if any, for which it provides).

The preceding provisions of this subsection are without prejudice to subsection (4) below.

(4)The following byelaws, namely—

(a)byelaws under section 75 of the M4Public Health Act 1961 (byelaws as to pleasure fairs and roller skating rinks);

(b)byelaws under section 76 of that Act (byelaws as to seaside pleasure boats); . . . F2

(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F2

may provide that persons contravening the byelaws shall be liable on summary convicton to a fine not exceeding [F3level 3 on the standard scale] and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further fine not exceeding £5 for each day during which the offence continues after the conviction thereof; and any such byelaw in force at the coming into force of this subsection which specifies £20 or any smaller sum as the maximum fine which may be imposed on summary conviction of an offence under any such byelaw shall have effect as if it specified [F3level 3 on the standard scale], instead (but with no change by virtue of this subsection in the maximum daily fine, if any, for which it provides).

(5)This subsection applies to any pre-1949 enactment (however framed or worded) which—

(a)as regards any summary offence makes a person liable on conviction thereof to a fine of, or not exceeding, a specified amount less than £50 which has not been altered since the end of 1948 (and is not altered by this Act); or

(b)confers power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the instrument), liable on conviction thereof to a fine of, or not exceeding, a specified amount less than £50 which has not been altered since the end of 1948 (and is not altered by this Act).

(6)Every enactment to which subsection (5) above applies shall have effect as if for the specified amount less than £50 there mentioned there were substituted—

(a)£25 if the specified amount is less than £20; or

(b)£50 if the specified amount is not less than £20.

(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F4

(8)Subsection (6) above shall not affect so much of any enactment as (in whatever words) makes a person liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding a specified amount for each day on which a continuing offence is continued after conviction or the occurrence of any other specified event.

(9)In subsection (5) above “pre-1949 enactment” means an enactment passed before 1st January 1949 or an enactment passed on or after that date which (whether directly or, through successive re-enactments, indirectly) re-enacts with or without modification an enactment passed before that date.

X1(10)In section 67(6) of the M5Medicines Act 1968, for “£400” (which gives the maximum fine on summary conviction which can be imposed by regulations under section 66 for contravention of the regulations) there shall be substituted “£1,000”.

(11)In this section “enactment” does not include an enactment contained in an order, regulation or other instrument made under an Act.

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Editorial Information

X1The text of ss. 5(10)(11), 15(2), 17, 30(1)(2), 31(10), 32(3), 46, 49, 52, 57, 63(1), 65(4)(5), Sch. 13 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Word “and” and s. 31(4)(c) repealed by Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48, SIF 39:1), Sch. 16

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