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Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976

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Section 7

[F1 SCHEDULE SKINDS OF DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS

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Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to Scotland only. A new version of this provision has been created for England and Wales

Amendments (Textual)

NOTE: See section 7(5) of this Act for the effect of the second column of this Schedule

Scientific nameCommon name
MAMMALS
Marsupials
Family Dasyuridae : the species Sarcophilus laniariusTasmanian devil
Family Macropodidae : the species Macropus fuliginosus, Macropus giganteus, Macropus robustus and Macropus rufus

Western grey kangaroo

Eastern grey kangaroo

Wallaroo

Red kangaroo

Primates
Family Cebidae : all species except those of the genera Aotus, Callicebus and Saimiri

New-world monkeys (including capuchin, howler, saki, uacari, spider and woolly monkeys)

Exceptions:

Night monkeys (also known as owl monkeys)

Titi

Squirrel monkeys

Family Cercopithecidae : all species Old-world monkeys (including baboons, the drill, colobus monkeys, the gelada, guenons, langurs, leaf monkeys, macaques, the mandrill, mangabeys, the patas monkey, the proboscis monkey and the talapoin)
Family Hominidae : all species except those of the genus Homo

Anthropoid apes (including the chimpanzee, the bonobo, the orang-utan and gorillas)

Exception:

Man

Family Hylobatidae : all species

Gibbons

Siamangs

Family Indriidae : all species except those of the genus Avahi

Leaping lemurs (including the indri and sifakas)

Exceptions:

Woolly lemurs

Family Lemuridae : all species except those of the genus Hapalemur

Large lemurs

Exceptions:

Bamboo lemurs (also known as gentle lemurs)

Edentates
Family Dasypodidae : the species Priodontes maximusGiant armadillo
Family Myrmecophagidae : the species Myrmecophaga tridactylaGiant anteater
Carnivores

Family Canidae : all species except–

(a)

those of the genera Alopex, Cerdocyon, Dusicyon, Otocyon, Pseudalopex, Urocyon, Vulpes and Nyctereutes

(b)

Canis familiaris, other than the subspecies Canis familiaris dingo

Canids (including wild dogs, wolves, jackals, the maned wolf, the dhole, the bush dog, and the dingo) other than the excepted species

Exceptions:

(a)

foxes, culpeo, grey zorro, raccoon dogs

(b)

domestic dogs

Family Felidae : all species except–

(a)

Felis silvestris (including the subspecies Felis silvestris catus ), Felis margarita, Felis nigripes, Otocolobus manul, Leopardus tigrinus, Leopardus geoffroyi (also known as Oncifelis geoffroyi ), Leopardus guigna (also known as Oncifelis guigna ), Catopuma badia (also known as Pardofelis badia ) and Prionailurus rubiginosus

(b)

a hybrid descended exclusively from two or more of the species described in paragraph (a)

(c)

a hybrid of which–

(i)

one parent is Felis silvestris catus , and

(ii)

the other parent is a first generation hybrid of Felis silvestris catus and any species not described in paragraph (a)

(d)

a hybrid descended exclusively from hybrid cats as described in paragraph (c) (ignoring, for the purpose of determining exclusivity of descent, the parents and remoter ancestors of any hybrid within that paragraph)

(e)

a hybrid descended exclusively from Felis silvestris catus and any one or more hybrid cat as described in paragraph (c) (ignoring, for the purpose of determining exclusivity of descent, the parents and remoter ancestors of any hybrid within that paragraph)

Cats (including the bobcat, caracal, cheetah, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, ocelot, puma, serval and tiger) other than the excepted species

Exceptions:

(a)

The wild cat (including the domestic cat), the sand cat, the black-footed cat, the pallas cat (also known as the manul), the little spotted cat (also known as the oncilla or tiger cat), the Geoffroy’s cat, the kodkod (also known as the guina) the bay cat (also known as the Borneo cat), and the rusty-spotted cat

(b)

a cat descended exclusively from two or more of the species described in paragraph (a)

(c)

a cat of which one parent is a domestic cat and the other parent is a first generation hybrid of a domestic cat and a cat that is a dangerous wild animal

(d)

a cat descended exclusively from hybrid cats described in paragraph (c)

(e)

a cat descended exclusively from the domestic cat and hybrids cats described in paragraph (c)

Family Hyaenidae : all species except Proteles cristatus

Hyenas

Exception:

Aardwolf

Family Mustelidae :

(a)

all species of the genera Arctonyx, Melogale, Mydaus, Taxidea, Pteronura, Aonyx, Enhydra and Lontra

(b)

the genus Lutra except the species Lutra lutra

(c)

the species Eira barbara, Gulo gulo, Martes pennanti and Mellivora capensis

(a)

The hog badger, the ferret badger, the stink badger, the American badger, the giant otter, the African clawless otter, the oriental small-clawed otter, the sea otter, the river otters, and the marine otter

(b)

the hairy-nosed otter

(c)

the tayra, the wolverine, the fisher (also known as the peken or fisher cat) and the honey badger

Exception:

European otter

Family Ursidae : all species, including the species Ailuropoda melanoleuca and Ailurus fulgensBears (including the giant panda and the red panda)

Family Viverridae :

(a)

all species of the genera Civettictis and Viverra

(b)

the species Cryptoprocta ferox

(a)

Civets (including the African civet, the large-spotted civets, the Malayan civet and the Indian civets)

(b)

the fossa

Pinnipedes
Family Odobenidae : all species Walrus
Family Otariidae : all species Eared seals
Family Phocidae : all species except Phoca vitulina and Halichoerus grypus

True seals (also known as earless seals) other than the excepted species

Exceptions:

Common seal (also known as the harbour seal)

Grey seal

Elephants
Family Elephantidae : all species Elephants
Aardvark
Family Orycteropodidae : the species Orycteropus aferAardvark
Odd-toed ungulates
Family Equidae : all species except Equus asinus and Equus caballus

Horses

Wild asses

Zebras

Exceptions:

Donkey (also known as the ass)

Domestic horse

Family Rhinocerotidae : all species Rhinoceroses
Family Tapiridae : all species Tapirs
Even-toed ungulates
Family Antilocapridae : the species Antilocapra AmericanaPronghorn
Family Bovidae : all species except domestic forms of the genera Bos, Bubalus, Capra and Ovis

Antelopes, bison, buffalo, gazelles, goats and sheep

Exceptions:

Domestic cattle

Domestic buffalo

Domestic goats

Domestic sheep

Family Camelidae : all species of the genera CamelusCamels
Family Cervidae : all species of the genera Alces and Rangifer except domestic forms of the species Rangifer tarandus

Moose (also known as the elk)

Caribou (also known as the reindeer)

Exception:

Domestic reindeer

Family Giraffidae : all species

Giraffe

Okapi

Family Hippopotamidae : all species

Hippopotamus

Pygmy hippopotamus

Family Suidae : all species, except domestic forms of the species Sus scrofa other than farmed wild boar

Old-world pigs other than animals of the excepted kind

Exception:

Domestic pig, other than farmed wild boar

Family Tayassuidae : all species New-world pigs (also known as peccaries)
Hybrids
A hybrid of a mammal specified in the first column of this Schedule where one parent is, or both parents are, of a kind so specified, but not including an excepted hybrid of the family Felidae

A hybrid animal with a dangerous wild animal as a parent

Exception:

A cat hybrid that is not a dangerous wild animal

BIRDS
Cassowaries
Family Casuariidae : all species Cassowaries
Ostrich
Family Struthionidae : all species Ostrich
REPTILES
Crocodilians
Family Alligatoridae : all species

Alligators

Caimans

Family Crocodylidae : all species

Crocodiles

False gharial

Family Gavialidae : all species Gharial (also known as the gavial)
Lizards and snakes
Family Atractaspididae : all species of the genera Atractaspis .

Burrowing asps (also known as mole vipers, or burrowing vipers)

Stiletto snakes

Family Colubridae :

(a)

all species of the genera Malpolon and Thelotornis

(b)

the species Dispholidus typus, Rhabdophis subminiatus, Rhabdophis tigrinus, Elapomorphus lemniscatus, Philodryas olfersii, Tachymenis peruviana, Xenodon severus

(a)

All rear-fanged venomous colubrid snakes of the specified genera (including montpellier snakes, the false cobra, and twig or bird snakes)

(b)

the boomslang, the red-necked keelback, the tiger keelback (also known as the yamakagashi or the Japanese tiger-snake), the Argentine black-headed snake, the South American green racer, the Peruvian racer (also known as the Peru slender snake), the Amazon false viper (also known as the false fer-de-lance)

Family Elapidae : all species Front-fanged venomous snakes of the specified family (including cobras, coral snakes, kraits, mambas, whipsnakes, death adders and all other Australian poisonous snakes)
Family Hydrophiidae : all species Sea snakes
Family Helodermatidae : all species

Gila monster

Mexican beaded lizard

Family Viperidae : all species Front-fanged venomous snakes of the specified family (including adders, the barba amarilla, the bushmaster, the fer-de-lance, moccasins, rattlesnakes and vipers)
INVERTEBRATES
Spiders
Family Ctenidae : all species of the genus PhoneutriaWandering spiders
Family Hexathelidae : all species of the genus AtraxSydney funnel-web spider and its close relatives
Family Sicariidae : all species of the genus LoxoscelesBrown recluse spiders (also known as violin spiders)
Family Theridiidae : all species of the genus LatrodectusWidow spiders and close relatives
Scorpions
Family Buthidae : all species Buthid scorpions
Family Hemioscorpiidae : the species Hemiscorpius lepturusMiddle Eastern thin-tailed scorpion.]
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to Scotland only. A new version of this provision has been created for England and Wales

Amendments (Textual)

Section 7

[F2 SCHEDULE E+WKINDS OF DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only. The original version of this provision exists for Scotland

Amendments (Textual)

NOTE: See section 7(5) of this Act for the effect of the second column of this Schedule

Scientific name of kindCommon name or names
MAMMALS
Marsupials

Family Dasyuridae:

The species Sarcophilus laniarius.

The Tasmanian devil.

FamilyMacropodidae:

The species Macropus fuliginosus, Macropus giganteus, Macropus robustus and Macropus rufus.

The western and eastern grey kangaroos, the wallaroo and the red kangaroo.
Primates

Family Cebidae:

All species except those of the genera Aotus, Callicebus and Saimiri.

New-world monkeys (including capuchin, howler, saki, uacari, spider and woolly monkeys).

Night monkeys (also known as owl monkeys), titi monkeys and squirrel monkeys are excepted.

Family Cercopithecidae: All species.Old-world monkeys (including baboons, the drill, colobus monkeys, the gelada, guenons, langurs, leaf monkeys, macaques, the mandrill, mangabeys, the patas and proboscis monkeys and the talapoin).

Family Hominidae:

All species except those of the genus Homo .

Anthropoid apes; chimpanzees, bonobos, orang-utans and gorillas.
Family Hylobatidae: All species.Gibbons and Siamangs.

FamilyIndriidae:

All species of the genera Propithecus and Indri (Avahi laniger is excepted).

Leaping lemurs (including the indri and sifakas). The woolly lemur is excepted.

Family Lemuridae:

All species except those of the genus Hapalemur.

Large lemurs.

Bamboo or gentle lemurs are excepted.

Edentates

Family Dasypodidae:

The species Priodontes maximus.

The giant armadillo.

FamilyMyrmecophagidae:

The species Myrmecophaga tridactyla.

The giant anteater.
Carnivores

Family Canidae:

All species except those of the genera Alopex, Cerdocyon, Dusicyon, Otocyon, Pseudolopex, Urocyon, Vulpes and Nyctereutes .

The species Canis familiaris , other than the subspecies Canis familiaris dingo , is also excepted.

Wild dogs, wolves, jackals, the maned wolf, the bush dog and the dhole.

Foxes, raccoon dogs and the domestic dog (but not the dingo) are excepted.

FamilyFelidae:

All except—

(a)

the species Felis silvestris, Otocolobus manul, Leopardus tigrinus, Oncifelis geoffroyi, Oncifelis guigna, Catopuma badia, Felis margarita, Felis nigripes, Prionailurus rubiginosus and Felis silvestris catus ;

(b)

a hybrid which is descended exclusively from any one or more species within paragraph (a);

(c)

a hybrid of which—

(i)

one parent is Felis silvestris catus , and

(ii)

the other parent is a first generation hybrid of Felis silvestris catus and any cat not within paragraph (a);

(d)

any cat which is descended exclusively from any one or more hybrids within paragraph (c) (ignoring, for the purpose of determining exclusivity of descent, the parents and remoter ancestors of any hybrid within paragraph (c));

(e)

any cat which is descended exclusively from Felis silvestris catus and any one or more hybrids within paragraph (c) (ignoring, for the purpose of determining exclusivity of descent, the parents and remoter ancestors of any hybrid within paragraph (c)).

All cats including the bobcat, caracal, cheetah, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, ocelot, puma, serval and tiger.

The following are excepted:

(i)

the wild cat, the pallas cat, the little spotted cat, the Geoffroy’s cat, the kodkod, the bay cat, the sand cat, the black-footed cat, the rusty-spotted cat and the domestic cat;

(ii)

a hybrid cat which is descended exclusively from any one or more species within paragraph (a);

(iii)

a hybrid cat having as one parent a domestic cat and as the other parent a first generation hybrid of a domestic cat and any cat not within paragraph (a);

(iv)

any cat which is descended exclusively from any one or more hybrids within paragraph (c);

(v)

any cat which is descended exclusively from a domestic cat and any one or more hybrids within paragraph (c).

Family Hyaenidae:

All except the species Proteles cristatus.

Hyænas. The aardwolf is excepted.

FamilyMustelidae:

All species of the genera Amblonyx, Arctonyx, Aonyx, Enhydra, Lontra, Melogale, Mydaus, Pteronura and Taxidea.

The genus Lutra except the species Lutra lutra .

The species Eira barbara, Gulo gulo, Martes pennanti and Mellivora capensis.

Badgers (except the Eurasian badger), otters (except the European otter) and the tayra, wolverine, fisher and ratel (otherwise known as the honey badger).

Family Ursidae:

All species including the species Ailuropoda melanoleuca and Ailurus fulgens.

All bears including the giant panda and the red panda.

Family Viverridae:

All of the genus Civettictis.

All of the genus Viverra.

The species Cryptoprocta ferox.

The African, large-spotted, Malay and Indian civets and the fossa.
Pinnipedes
Family Odobenidae: All species.The walrus.
Family Otariidae: All species.Eared seals.

FamilyPhocidae:

All species except Phoca vitulina and Halichoerus grypus.

True or earless seals.

The common seal (or harbour seal) and grey seal are excepted.

Elephants
Family Elephantidae: All species.Elephants.
Aardvark

FamilyOrycteropodidae:

The species Orycteropus afer.

The aardvark.

Odd-toed ungulates

Family Equidae:

All species except Equus asinus and Equus caballus.

Asses, horses and zebras.

The donkey and domestic horse are excepted.

Family Rhinocerotidae: All species.Rhinoceroses.
Family Tapiridae: All species.Tapirs.
Even-toed ungulates

Family Antilocapridae:

The species Antilocapra americana.

The pronghorn.

Family Bovidae:

All species except any domestic form of the genera Bos , Bubalus, Capra and Ovis.

Antelopes, bison, buffalo, gazelles, goats and sheep.

Domestic cattle, buffalo, goats and sheep are excepted.

Family Camelidae:

All species of the genus Camelus.

Camels.

Family Cervidae:

All species of the genera Alces and Rangifer , except any domestic form of the species Rangifer tarandus.

The moose or elk and the caribou or reindeer.

The domestic reindeer is excepted.

Family Giraffidae: All speciesThe giraffe and the okapi.
Family Hippopotamidae: All species.The hippopotamus and the pygmy hippopotamus.

Family Suidae:

All species except any domestic form of the species Sus scrofa .

Old-world pigs (including the wild boar and the wart hog).

The domestic pig is excepted.

Family Tayassuidae: All species.New-world pigs (otherwise known as peccaries).
Hybrids

Any hybrid of a kind of animal specified (other than by way of exception) in the foregoing provisions of this column where at least one parent is of a kind so specified, and any animal of which at least one parent is such a hybrid.

This does not include an excepted hybrid of the Family Felidae .

Any mammalian hybrids with at least one parent of a specified kind, and any animal of which at least one parent is such a hybrid.

This does not apply to excepted cat hybrids.

BIRDS
Cassowaries
Family Casuariidae: All species.Cassowaries.
Ostrich
Family Struthionidae: All species.The ostrich.
REPTILES
Crocodilians
Family Alligatoridae: All species.Alligators and caimans.
Family Crocodylidae: All species.Crocodiles and the false gharial.
Family Gavialidae: All species.The gharial (otherwise known as the gavial).
Lizards and snakes

Family Atractaspididae:

All species of the genus Atractaspis.

Burrowing asps, also known as mole or burrowing vipers and stiletto snakes.

FamilyColubridae.

All species of the genera Malpolon and Thelotornis.

The species Dispholidus typus, Rhabdophis subminiatus, Rhabdophis tigrinus, Elapomorphus lemniscatus, Philodryas olfersii,

Tachymenis peruviana and Xenodon severus.

Certain rear-fanged venomous snakes, Montpellier snakes and African vine snakes (otherwise known as African twig or bird snakes).

The boomslang, the red-necked keelback, the yamakagashi (otherwise known as the Japanese tiger-snake), the Argentine black-headed snake, the South American green racer, the Peruvian racer and the Amazon false viper.

Family Elapidae: All species.Certain front-fanged venomous snakes including cobras, coral snakes, kraits, mambas, whipsnakes and all Australian poisonous snakes (including the death adders).
Family Hydrophiidae: All species.Sea snakes.
Family Helodermatidae: All species.The gila monster and the (Mexican) beaded lizard.
Family Viperidae: All species.Certain front-fanged venomous snakes (including adders, the barba amarilla, the bushmaster, the fer-de-lance, moccasins, rattlesnakes and vipers).
INVERTEBRATES
Spiders

FamilyCtenidae:

The genus Phoneutria.

Wandering spiders.

Family Hexathelidae:

The genus Atrax.

The Sydney funnel-web spider and its close relatives.

FamilySicariidae:

The genus Loxosceles.

Brown recluse spiders (otherwise known as violin spiders).

Family Theridiidae:

The genus Latrodectus.

The widow spiders and close relatives.
Scorpions
Family Buthidae: All species.Buthid scorpions.

FamilyHemioscorpiidae:

The species Hemiscorpius lepturus.

Middle-Eastern thin-tailed scorpion.]

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