Search Legislation

Control of Pollution Act 1974

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Control of Pollution Act 1974. Those changes will be listed when you open the content using the Table of Contents below. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the affected provisions when you open the content using the Table of Contents below.

  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part I Waste on land

    1. Waste disposal arrangements

      1. 1. Arrangements for disposing of controlled waste.

    2. Waste disposal plans

      1. 2. Preparation and revision of waste disposal plans.

    3. Licensing of disposal of controlled waste.

      1. 3. Prohibition of unlicensed disposal of waste.

      2. 4. Provisions supplementary to s. 3.

      3. 5. Licences to dispose of waste.

      4. 6. Provisions supplementary to s. 5.

      5. 7. Variation of conditions and revocation of licences.

      6. 8. Transfer and relinquishment of licences.

      7. 9. Supervision of licensed activities.

      8. 10. Appeals to Secretary of State from decisions with respect to licences.

      9. 11. Special provisions for land occupied by disposal authorities.

    4. Collection and disposal of controlled waste

      1. 12. Collection of waste.

      2. 13. Dustbins etc.

      3. 14. Disposal of waste in England and Wales.

      4. 15. Disposal of waste in Scotland.

      5. 16. Removal of waste deposited in breach of licensing provisions.

      6. 17. Special provisions with respect to certain dangerous or intractable waste.

    5. Waste other than controlled waste

      1. 18. Application of preceding provisions to other waste.

      2. 19. Powers of disposal authorities as respects other waste.

    6. Reclamation etc. of waste

      1. 20. Reclamation of waste.

      2. 21. Production of heat and electricity from waste etc.

    7. Street cleaning and litter

      1. 22. Street cleaning etc.

      2. 23. Prohibition of parking to facilitate street cleaning.

      3. 24. Litter.

    8. Supplemental

      1. 25. Disposal of waste underground by Coal Board etc.

      2. 26. Outfall pipes for sewage disposal works.

      3. 27. Interference with refuse tips and dustbins etc.

      4. 28. Supplementary provisions relating to pipes.

      5. 29. Modification of Parts I and II to avoid duplication of control.

      6. 30. Interpretation etc. of Part I.

  3. Part IA Abandoned Mines

    1. 30Y. Introductory.

    2. 30Z. Mine operators to give SEPA six months’ notice of any proposed abandonment.

  4. Part II Pollution of water

    1. General provisions

      1. 30A. Waters to which Part II applies.

      2. 30B. Classification of quality waters.

      3. 30C. Water quality objectives.

      4. 30D. General duties to achieve and maintain objectives etc.

      5. 30E. Consultation and collaboration.

    2. Control of entry of polluting matter and effluents into water

      1. 30F. Pollution offences.

      2. 30G. Prohibition of certain discharges by notice or regulations.

      3. 30H. Discharges into and from sewers etc.

      4. 30I. Defence to principal offences in respect of authorised discharges.

      5. 30J. Other defences to principal offences.

    3. Control of entry of polluting matter and effluents into water

      1. 31. Control of pollution of rivers and coastal waters etc.

      2. 31A. Requirements to take precautions against pollution.

      3. 31B. Nitrate sensitive areas.

      4. 31C. Registering of agreement.

      5. 31D. Powers of entry in relation to agreements under section 31B.

      6. 32. Control of discharges of trade and sewage effluent etc. into rivers and coastal waters etc.

      7. 33. Control of sanitary appliances on vessels.

    4. Consents for discharges

      1. 34. Consents for discharges of trade and sewage effluent etc.

      2. 35. Reference to Secretary of State of certain applications for consent.

      3. 36. Provisions supplementary to ss. 34 and 35.

      4. 37. Revocation of consents and alteration and imposition of conditions.

      5. 38. Restriction on variation and revocation of consent and of previous variation.

      6. 38A. General review of consents.

      7. 39. Appeals to the Secretary of State.

      8. 40. Transitional provisions relating to consent.

    5. Ancillary provisions relating to control of discharges

      1. 41. Registers.

      2. 42A. Exclusion from registers of information affecting national security.

      3. 42B. Exclusion from registers of certain confidential information.

      4. 42. Power of Secretary of State to exempt applications, consents and conditions etc. from publicity.

    6. Control of discharges of trade effluent into public sewers

      1. 43. Control of discharges into sewers.

      2. 44. Provisions supplementary to s. 43.

      3. 45. Early variation of conditions of discharges.

    7. Miscellaneous

      1. 46. Operations by SEPA to remedy or forestall pollution of water.

      2. 46A. Notices requiring persons to carry out anti-pollution operations.

      3. 46B. Grant of, and compensation for, rights of entry etc.

      4. 46C. Appeals against works notices.

      5. 46D. Consequences of not complying with a works notice.

      6. 47. Duty of water authorities to deal with waste from vessels etc.

      7. 48. Power of water authorities to exclude unregistered vessels from rivers etc.

      8. 49. Deposits and vegetation in rivers etc.

      9. 49A. Enforcement notices as respects discharge consents.

      10. 49B. Appeals against enforcement notices.

      11. 50. Investigation of water pollution problems arising from closure of mines.

      12. 51. Codes of good agricultural practice.

      13. 52. Charges in respect of certain discharges in England and Wales.

      14. 53. Charges in respect of consents, etc.

      15. 54. Directions to the river purification authority.

    8. Supplemental

      1. 55. Discharges by islands councils.

      2. 55A. Regulations under this Part.

      3. 56. Interpretation etc. of Part II.

  5. Part III Noise

    1. Periodical inspections by local authorities

      1. 57. Periodical inspections by local authorities.

    2. Summary proceedings to deal with noise

      1. 58. Summary proceedings by local authorities.

      2. 58A. Service of notice in respect of anticipated road noise or road noise from unattended vehicles, machinery or equipment.

      3. 58B. Actings where notice in respect of road noise not complied with.

      4. 59.Summary proceedings by occupier of premises.

      5. 59A. Supplementary provisions in relation to road noise.

    3. Construction sites

      1. 60. Control of noise on construction sites.

      2. 61. Prior consent for work on construction sites.

    4. Noise in streets

      1. 62. Noise in streets.

    5. Noise abatement zones

      1. 63. Designation of zones.

      2. 64. Register of noise levels.

      3. 65. Noise exceeding registered level.

      4. 66. Reduction of noise levels.

      5. 67. New buildings etc.

    6. Noise from plant or machinery

      1. 68. Noise from plant or machinery.

    7. Supplemental

      1. 69. Execution of works by local authority.

      2. 70. Appeals to Secretary of State and magistrates’ court.

      3. 71. Codes of practice for minimising noise.

      4. 72.“Best practicable means”.

      5. 73. Interpretation and other supplementary provisions.

      6. 74. Penalties.

  6. Part IV

    1. Prevention of atmospheric pollution

      1. 75. Regulations about motor fuel.

      2. 76. Regulations about sulphur content of oil fuel for furnaces or engines.

      3. 77. Provisions supplementary to ss. 75 and 76.

      4. 78. Cable burning.

    2. Information about atmospheric pollution

      1. 79. Research and publicity.

      2. 80. Notices requiring information about air pollution.

      3. 81. Appeals against notices.

      4. 82. Regulations about research and publicity.

      5. 83. Provision by local authorities of information for Secretary of State.

    3. Interpretation

      1. 84. Interpretation of Part IV.

  7. Part V Supplementary provisions

    1. Legal proceedings

      1. 85. Appeals to Crown Court or Court of Session against decisions of magistrates’ court or sheriff.

      2. 86.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 87. Miscellaneous provisions relating to legal proceedings.

      4. 88. Civil liability for contravention of s. 3(3).

    2. Financial provisions

      1. 89. Expenses and receipts of Secretary of State etc.

      2. 90. Establishment charges and interest in respect of certain expenses of authorities.

    3. Miscellaneous

      1. 91. Rights of entry and inspection etc.

      2. 92. Provisions supplementary to s. 91.

      3. 93. Power of authorities to obtain information.

      4. 94. Prohibition of disclosure of information.

      5. 95. Service of documents on and by certain undertakers.

      6. 96. Local inquiries.

      7. 97. Default powers.

      8. 98. Interpretation of Part V.

  8. Part VI Miscellaneous and general

    1. Miscellaneous

      1. 99. Alteration of penalties.

      2. 100.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 101. Disposal of waste etc by Atomic Energy Authority.

      4. 102. Power to give effect to international agreements.

      5. 103. Adaptation of enactments to metric units.

    2. General

      1. 104. Orders and regulations.

      2. 105. Interpretation etc—general.

      3. 106. General application to Scotland.

      4. 107. Application to Isles of Scilly.

      5. 108. Minor and consequential amendments of enactments, and repeals.

      6. 109. Short title, commencement and extent.

  9. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Noise Abatement Zones

      1. 1.Before making a noise abatement order the local authority—

      2. 2.The requirements referred to in the preceding paragraph are that...

      3. 3.(1) If an objection is duly made to the local...

      4. 4.(1) Subject to paragraph 5 below, an order shall come...

      5. 5.If, before the date on which the order is to...

    2. SCHEDULE 1A

      Orders Designating Nitrate Sensitive Areas: Scotland

      1. Part I Applications by SEPA for Designation Orders

        1. Orders made only on application

          1. 1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, the Secretary of State...

        2. Procedure for applications

          1. 2.(1) SEPA shall not, for the purposes of paragraph 1...

      2. Part II Orders Containing Mandatory Provisions Etc.

        1. Publication of proposal for order containing mandatory provisions

          1. 3.(1) This paragraph applies where the Secretary of State proposes...

        2. Supply of copies of proposed orders

          1. 4.The Secretary of State shall, at the request of any...

        3. Modifications of proposals

          1. 5.(1) Where notices with respect to any proposed order have...

        4. Consideration of objections etc.

          1. 6.Without prejudice to section 96 of this Act, where notices...

        5. Consent of Treasury for payment provisions

          1. 7.The consent of the Treasury shall be required for the...

          2. 8.In this Part, “local authority” means a council constituted under...

    3. SCHEDULE 2

      Alteration of penalties

      1. The Public Health (Scotland) Act 1897

        1. 1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. 3.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. The Alkali, &c. Works Regulation Act 1906

        1. 4.In section 12(4) of the Alkali Act (under which obstruction...

        2. 5.In section 16A of that Act (which provides for certain...

      3. The Public Health Act 1936

        1. 6.In section 19(3) of the Public Health Act 1936 (under...

        2. 7.In section 27 of that Act (which provides that certain...

        3. 8.In section 34(5) of that Act (under which a person...

        4. 9.In section 36(1) of that Act (under which a person...

        5. 10.In section 41(3) of that Act (under which a person...

        6. 11.In section 94(2) of that Act (under which a person...

        7. 12.In section 95(1) of that Act (under which a person...

      4. The Public Health (Drainage of Trade Premises Act 1937

        1. 13.In section 2 of the Public Health (Drainage of Trade...

        2. 14.In section 9 of that Act (under which a person...

      5. The Water Act 1945

        1. 15.In section 19(3) of the Water Act 1945 (under which...

        2. 16.In section 21 of that Act (under which a person...

        3. 17, 18.. . . . . . . . . ....

      6. The Clean Air Act 1956

        1. 19.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. The Radioactive Substances Act 1960

        1. 20.(1) In subsection (2) of section 13 of the Radioactive...

      8. The Sewerage (Scotland) Act 1968

        1. 21.In section 12(8) of the Sewerage (Scotland) Act 1968 (under...

        2. 22.In section 14(6) of that Act (under which a person...

        3. 23.In section 24(2) of that Act (under which an occupier...

        4. 24.In section 45(2) of that Act (under which a person...

        5. 25.In section 46 of that Act (which provides that certain...

      9. The Clean Air Act 1968

        1. 26.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. 27.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    4. SCHEDULE 3

      Minor and consequential amendments of enactments

      1. The Alkali, &c. Works Regulation Act 1906

        1. 1.Sections 3, 4 and 5 of the Alkali Act (alkali...

        2. 2.Section 8 of that Act (which is superseded by paragraph...

        3. 3.(1) In section 27 of that Act as amended by...

        4. 4.(1) At the end of Schedule 1 to that Act,...

        5. 5.. . . . . . . . . ....

      2. The Public Health Act 1936

        1. 6.In section 3(1)(b) of the Public Health Act 1936 (under...

        2. 7.Sections 79 and 80 of that Act (which relate to...

      3. The Public Health (Drainage of Trade Premises) Act 1937

        1. 8.Sections 2(4) and 3(2) of the Public Health (Drainage of...

        2. 9.In section 4(5) of that Act (under which disputes arising...

        3. 10.In section 10(1) of that Act (which authorises the taking...

      4. The Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries (Protection) (Scotland) Act 1951

        1. 11.In section 9 of the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries (Protection)...

      5. The Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) (Scotland) Act 1951

        1. 12.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. 13.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. 14.In section 18 of that Act (which relates to the...

        4. 15.In section 19 of that Act (which empowers river purification...

      6. The Clean Air Act 1956

        1. 16.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. The Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) Act 1961

        1. 17.In section 10(1) of the Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) Act...

      8. The Public Health Act 1961

        1. 18.At the end of section 34(5) of the Public Health...

      9. The London Government Act 1963

        1. 19.In section 41(1)(b) of the London Government Act 1963 (which...

      10. The Water Resources Act 1963

        1. 20.In section 77(2) of the Water Resources Act 1963 (which...

        2. 21.In section 113(1) of that Act (which authorises water authorities...

        3. 22.. . . . . . . . . ....

      11. The Spray Irrigation (Scotland) Act 1964

        1. 23.In section 9(2) of the Spray Irrigation (Scotland) Act 1964...

      12. The Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) (Scotland) Act 1965

        1. 24.In section 10(1) of the Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) (Scotland)...

        2. 25.. . . . . . . . . ....

      13. The Hovercraft Act 1968

        1. 26.In section 1(1)(g) of the Hovercraft Act 1968 for the...

      14. The Water Act 1973

        1. 27.For the purposes of section 14 of the Water Act...

        2. 28.In subsection (12) of section 24 of that Act (which...

        3. 29.In section 36(3) of that Act (which among other things...

        4. 30.In paragraph 17(2) of Schedule 7 to that Act (which...

      15. The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973

        1. 31.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    5. SCHEDULE 4

      Repeals

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enactedversion that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources