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Family Law Reform Act 1969

1969 CHAPTER 46

An Act to amend the law relating to the age of majority, to persons who have not attained that age and to the time when a particular age is attained; to amend the law relating to the property rights of illegitimate children and of other persons whose relationship is traced through an illegitimate link; to make provision for the use of blood tests for the purpose of determining the paternity of any person in civil proceedings; to make provision with respect to the evidence required to rebut a presumption of legitimacy and illegitimacy; to make further provision, in connection with the registration of the birth of an illegitimate child, for entering the name of the father; and for connected purposes.

[25th July 1969]

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Extent Information

E1For extent of this Act see s. 28(4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Words of enactment omitted under authority of Statute Law Revision Act 1948 (c. 62), s. 3

Commencement Information

I1Act not in force at Royal Assent see s. 28(3); Act wholly in force at 1.3.1972

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Reduction of Age of Majority and Related Provisions

1 Reduction of age of majority from 21 to 18. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)As from the date on which this section comes into force a person shall attain full age on attaining the age of eighteen instead of on attaining the age of twenty-one; and a person shall attain full age on that date if he has then already attained the age of eighteen but not the age of twenty-one.

(2)The foregoing subsection applies for the purposes of any rule of law, and, in the absence of a definition or of any indication of a contrary intention, for the construction of “full age ”, “infant ”, “infancy ”, “minor ”, “minority ” and similar expressions in—

(a)any statutory provision, whether passed or made before, on or after the date on which this section comes into force; and

(b)any deed, will or other instrument of whatever nature (not being a statutory provision) made on or after that date.

(3)In the statutory provisions specified in Schedule 1 to this Act for any reference to the age of twenty-one years there shall be substituted a reference to the age of eighteen years; but the amendment by this subsection of the provisions specified in Part II of that Schedule shall be without prejuduce to any power of amending or revoking those provisions.

(4)This section does not affect the construction of any such expression as is referred to in subsection (2) of this section in any of the statutory provisions described in Schedule 2 to this Act, and the transitional provisions and savings contained in Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect in relation to this section.

(5)The Lord Chancellor may by order made by statutory instrument amend any provision in any local enactment passed on or before the date on which this section comes into force (not being a provision described in paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act) by substituting a reference to the age of eighteen years for any reference therein to the age of twenty-one years; and any statutory instrument containing an order under this subsection shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(6)In this section “statutory provision ” means any enactment (including, except where the context otherwise requires, this Act) and any order, rule, regulation, byelaw or other instrument made in the exercise of a power conferred by any enactment.

(7)Notwithstanding any rule of law, a will or codicil executed before the date on which this section comes into force shall not be treated for the purposes of this section as made on or after that date by reason only that the will or codicil is confirmed by a codicil executed on or after that date.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

2 Provisions relating to marriage.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the following enactments, that is to say—

(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1

(b)paragraph 2(c) of Part I of the Schedule to the M1Marriage with Foreigners Act 1906 (persons under 21 seeking certificate to swear that necessary consents have been obtained);

(c)section 78(1) of the M2Marriage Act 1949 (definition of “infant ” as person under the age of 21),

for the words “twenty-one years ” there shall be substituted the words “eighteen years ”.

(2)In subsection (5) of section 3 of the said Act of 1949 (which defines the courts having jurisdiction to consent to the marriage of an infant)—

(a)for the words “the county court of the district in which any respondent resides ” there shall be substituted the words “the county court of the district in which any applicant or respondent resides ”; and

(b)after the words “or a court of summary jurisdiction ” there shall be inserted the words “having jurisdiction in the place in which any applicant or respondent resides ”.

(3)Where for the purpose of obtaining a certificate F2. . . for marriage under Part III of the said Act of 1949 a person declares that the consent of any person or persons whose consent to the marriage is required under the said section 3 has been obtained, the superintendent registrar may refuse to issue the certificate F2. . . for marriage unless satisfied by the production of written evidence that the consent of that person or of those persons has in fact been obtained.

(4)In this section any expression which is also used in the said Act of 1949 has the same meaning as in that Act.

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Extent Information

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3The text of ss. 2(1), 19(2), Sch. 1 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and, except as specified, does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

C4The text of ss. 2(2), 10(3), 11(b)(c), is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Marginal Citations

3 Provisions relating to wills and intestacyE+W

(1)In the following enactments, that is to say—

(a)section 7 of the M3Wills Act 1837 (invalidity of wills made by persons under 21);

(b)sections 1 and 3(1) of the M4Wills (Soldiers and Sailors) Act 1918 (soldier etc. eligible to make will and dispose of real property although under 21),

in their application to wills made after the coming into force of this section, for the words “twenty-one years ” there shall be substituted the words “eighteen years ”.

(2)In section 47(1)(i) of the M5Administration of Estates Act 1925 (statutory trusts on intestacy), in its application to the estate of an intestate dying after the coming into force of this section, for the words “twenty-one years ” in both places where they occur there shall be substituted the words “eighteen years ”.

(3)Any will which—

(a)has been made, whether before or after the coming into force of this section, by a person under the age of eighteen; and

(b)is valid by virtue of the provisions of section 11 of the said Act of 1837 and the said Act of 1918,

may be revoked by that person notwithstanding that he is still under that age whether or not the circumstances are then such that he would be entitled to make a valid will under those provisions.

(4)In this section “will ” has the same meaning as in the said Act of 1837 and “intestate ” has the same meaning as in the said Act of 1925.

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Marginal Citations

4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F3E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

5 Modification of other enactments relating to maintenance of children so as to preserve benefits up to age of 21.E+W

(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F4

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F5

(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F6

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Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 5(1) repealed by Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (c. 63, SIF 116:1), s. 26(2), Sch. (with a saving in s. 26(3) in relation to applications made with reference to a death before 1.4.1976)

F76. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F87. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

8 Consent by persons over 16 to surgical, medical and dental treatment.E+W

(1)The consent of a minor who has attained the age of sixteen years to any surgical, medical or dental treatment which, in the absence of consent, would constitute a trespass to his person, shall be as effective as it would be if he were of full age; and where a minor has by virtue of this section given an effective consent to any treatment it shall not be necessary to obtain any consent for it from his parent or guardian.

(2)In this section “surgical, medical or dental treatment ” includes any procedure undertaken for the purposes of diagnosis, and this section applies to any procedure (including, in particular, the administration of an anaesthetic) which is ancillary to any treatment as it applies to that treatment.

(3)Nothing in this section shall be construed as making ineffective any consent which would have been effective if this section had not been enacted.

9 Time at which a person attains a particular age. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)The time at which a person attains a particular age expressed in years shall be the commencement of the relevant anniversary of the date of his birth.

(2)This section applies only where the relevant anniversary falls on a date after that on which this section comes into force, and, in relation to any enactment, deed, will or other instrument, has effect subject to any provision therein.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

10 Modification of enactments relating to Duke of Cornwall and other children of Her Majesty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 1(1) of this Act shall apply for the construction of the expression “minor ” in section 2(2) of the M6Civil List Act 1952 (which relates to the amount payable for the Queen’s Civil List while the Duke of Cornwall is for the time being a minor) and accordingly—

(a)section 2(2)(b) of that Act (which relates to the three years during which the Duke is over 18 but under 21); and

(b)in section 2(2)(a) of that Act the words “for each year whilst he is under the age of eighteen years ”,

are hereby repealed except in relation to any period falling before section 1 of this Act comes into force.

(2)In section 4(1)(a) of the said Act of 1952 (under which benefits are provided for the children of Her Majesty, other than the Duke of Cornwall, who attain the age of 21 or marry) for the words “twenty-one years ” there shall be substituted the words “eighteen years ” but no sum shall be payable by virtue of this subsection in respect of any period falling before section 1 of this Act comes into force.

(3)In section 38 of the M7Duchy of Cornwall Management Act 1863 (under which certain rights and powers of the Duke of Cornwall may, while he is under 21, be exercised on his behalf by the Sovereign or persons acting under Her authority) for the words “twenty-one years ” wherever they occur there shall be substituted the words “eighteen years ”.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6The text of ss. 2(2), 10(3), 11(b)(c), is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Marginal Citations

11 Repeal of certain enactments relating to minors.E+W+S

The following enactments are hereby repealed—

(a)the M8Infant Settlements Act 1855 (which enables a male infant over 20 and a female infant over 17 to make a marriage settlement), together with section 27(3) of the M9Settled Land Act 1925, except in relation to anything done before the coming into force of this section;

(b)in section 6 of the M10Employers and Workmen Act 1875 (powers of justices in respect of apprentices)—

(i)the paragraph numbered (1) (power to direct apprentice to perform his duties), and

(ii)the sentence following the paragraph numbered (2) (power to order imprisonment of an apprentice who fails to comply with direction);

(c)in the M11Sexual 0ffences Act 1956, section 18 and paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 (fraudulent abduction of heiress).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7The text of ss. 2(2), 10(3), 11(b)(c), is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Marginal Citations

12 Persons under full age may be described as minors instead of infants.E+W

A person who is not of full age may be described as a minor instead of as an infant, and accordingly in this Act “minor ” means such a person as aforesaid.

13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F9E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

Part IIE+W+S Property Rights of Illegitimate Children

14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F10E+W
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15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F11E+W
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16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F12E+W
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17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F13E+W
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18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F14E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 18repealed by Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (c. 63, SIF 116:1), s. 26(2), Sch. (with a saving in s. 26(3) in relation to applications made with reference to a death before 1.4.1976)

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Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 18repealed by Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (c. 63, SIF 116:1), s. 26(2), Sch. (with a saving in s. 26(3) in relation to applications made with reference to a death before 1.4.1976)

[F1519 Policies of assurance and property in industrial and provident societies.E+W+S
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Amendments (Textual)

F15S. 19 repealed (so far as it relates to s. 2 of Married Women's Policies of Assurance Scotland Act 1880) by Married Women's Policies of Assurance (Scotland) (Amendment) Act 1980 (c. 56, SIF 49:6), s. 5

(1)In section 11 of the M12Married Women’s Property Act 1882 and section 2 of the M13Married Women’s Policies of Assurance (Scotland) Act 1880 (policies of assurance effected for the benefit of children) the expression “children ” shall include illegitimate children.

(2)In section 25(2) of the M14Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965 (application of property in registered society where member was illegitimate and is not survived by certain specified relatives) for the words “and leaves no widow, widower or issue, and his mother does not survive him ” there shall be substituted the words “and leaves no widow, widower or issue (including any illegitimate child of the member) and neither of his parents survives him ”.

(3)Subsection (1) of this section does not affect the operation of the said Acts of 1882 and 1880 in relation to a policy effected before the coming into force of that subsection; and subsection (2) of this section does not affect the operation of the said Act of 1965 in relation to a member of a registered society who dies before the coming into force of the said subsection (2).]

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8The text of ss. 2(1), 19(2), Sch. 1 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and, except as specified, does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Marginal Citations

Part IIIE+W Provisions for use of Blood Tests in determining Paternity

20X1Power of court to require use of blood tests. E+W
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Editorial Information

X1Unreliable sidenote

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F16(1)In any civil proceedings in which the parentage of any person falls to be determined, the court may, either of its own motion or on an application by any party to the proceedings, give a direction—

(a)for the use of scientific tests to ascertain whether such tests show that a party to the proceedings is or is not the father or mother of that person; and

(b)for the taking, within a period specified in the direction, of bodily samples from all or any of the following, namely, that person, any party who is alleged to be the father or mother of that person and any other party to the proceedings;

and the court may at any time revoke or vary a direction previously given by it under this subsection.]

[F17(1A)Tests required by a direction under this section may only be carried out by a body which has been accredited for the purposes of this section by—

(a)the Lord Chancellor, or

(b)a body appointed by him for the purpose.]

[F18(2)The [F19individual] carrying out scientific tests in pursuance of a direction under subsection (1) above shall make to the court a report in which he shall state—

(a)the results of the tests;

(b)whether any party to whom the report relates is or is not excluded by the results from being the father or mother of the person whose parentage is to be determined; and

(c)in relation to any party who is not so excluded, the value, if any, of the results in determining whether that party is the father or mother of that person;

and the report shall be received by the court as evidence in the proceedings of the matters stated in it.

(2A)Where the proceedings in which the parentage of any person falls to be determined are proceedings on an application under section [F2055A or56] of the M15Family Law Act 1986, any reference in subsection (1) or (2) of this section to any party to the proceedings shall include a reference to any person named in the application.]

(3)A report under subsection (2) of this section shall be in the form prescribed by regulations made under section 22 of this Act.

(4)Where a report has been made to a court under subsection (2) of this section, any party may, with the leave of the court, or shall, if the court so directs, obtain from [F21the tester] a written statement explaining or amplifying any statement made in the report, and that statement shall be deemed for the purposes of this section (except subsection (3) thereof) to form part of the report made to the court.

(5)Where a direction is given under this section in any proceedings, a party to the proceedings, unless the court otherwise directs, shall not be entitled to call as a witness [F22the tester, or anyother] person by whom any thing necessary for the purpose of enabling those tests to be carried out was done, unless within fourteen days after receiving a copy of the report he serves notice on the other parties to the proceedings, or on such of them as the court may direct, of his intention to call [F23the tester or that other person]; [F24the tester or] any such person is called as a witness the party who called him shall be entitled to cross-examine him.

(6)Where a direction is given under this section the party on whose application the direction is given shall pay the cost of taking and testing [F25bodily samples] for the purpose of giving effect to the direction (including any expenses reasonably incurred by any person in taking any steps required of him for the purpose), and of making a report to the court under this section, but the amount paid shall be treated as costs incurred by him in the proceedings.

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Editorial Information

X1Unreliable sidenote

Amendments (Textual)

F17S. 20(1A) substituted (1.4.2001) for subsections (1A) and (1B) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(2)(a) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

F19Word in s. 20(2) substituted (1.4.2001) by 1987 c. 42, s. 23(1); S.I. 2001/777, art. 2 (as substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 83, Sch. 8 para. 9(a) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2)

F20Words in s. 20(2A) substituted (1.4.2001) by 1987 c. 42, s. 23(1); S.I. 2001/777, art. 2 (as substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 83, Sch. 8 para. 9(b) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2)

F21Words in s. 20(4) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(2)(c) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

F22Words in s. 20(5) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(2)(d)(i) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

F23Words in s. 20(5) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(2)(d)(ii) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

F24Words in s. 20(5) inserted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(2)(d)(iii) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

21 Consents, etc., required for taking of [F26bodily sample].E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)Subject to the provisions of subsections (3) and (4) of this section, a [F26bodily sample] which is required to be taken from any person for the purpose of giving effect to a direction under section 20 of this Act shall not be taken from that person except with his consent.

(2)The consent of a minor who has attained the age of sixteen years to the taking from himself of a [F26bodily sample] shall be as effective as it would be if he were of full age; and where a minor has by virtue of this subsection given an effective consent to the taking of a [F26bodily sample] it shall not be necessary to obtain any consent for it from any other person.

(3)A [F26bodily sample] may be taken from a person under the age of sixteen years, not being such a person as is referred to in subsection (4) of this section,.

[F27(a)if the person who has the care and control of him consents; or

(b)where that person does not consent, if the court considers that it would be in his best interests for the sample to be taken.]

(4)A [F26bodily sample] may be taken from a person who is suffering from mental disorder within the meaning of the [F28M16Mental Health Act 1983] and is incapable of understanding the nature and purpose of [F29scientific tests] if the person who has the care and control of him consents and the medical practitioner in whose care he is has certified that the taking of a [F26bodily sample] from him will not be prejudicial to his proper care and treatment.

(5)The foregoing provisions of this section are without prejudice to the provisions of section 23 of this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F27S. 21(3)(a)(b) substituted (1.4.2001) for words in s. 21(3) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(3) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

Marginal Citations

22 Power to provide for manner of giving effect to direction for use of [F30scientific tests].E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)The [F31Lord Chancellor] may by regulations make provision as to the manner of giving effect to directions under section 20 of this Act and, in particular, any such regulations may—

(a)provide that [F30bodily samples] shall not be taken except by [F32registered medical practitioners or members of suchprofessional bodies as may be prescribed by the regulations;]

[F33(aa)prescribe the bodily samples to be taken;]

(b)regulate the taking, identification and transport of [F30bodily samples];

(c)require the production at the time when a [F30bodily sample] is to be taken of such evidence of the identity of the person from whom it is to be taken as may be prescribed by the regulations;

(d)require any person from whom a [F30bodily sample] is to be taken, or, in such cases as may be prescribed by the regulations, such other person as may be so prescribed, to state in writing whether he or the person from whom the sample is to be taken, as the case may be, has during such period as may be specified in the regulations suffered from any such illness [F34or condition or undergone any such treatment] as may be so specified or received a transfusion of blood;

[F35(e)prescribe conditions which a body must meet in order to be eligible for accreditation for the purposes of section 20 of this Act;]

(f)prescribe the [F30scientific tests] to be carried out and the manner in which they are to be carried out;

(g)regulate the charges that may be made for the taking and testing of [F30bodily samples] and for the making of a report to a court under section 20 of this Act;

(h)make provision for securing that so far as practicable the [F30bodily samples] to be tested for the purpose of giving effect to a direction under section 20 of this Act are tested by the same person;

(i)prescribe the form of the report to be made to a court under section 20 of this Act.

[F36(j)make different provision for different cases or for different descriptions of case.]

(2)The power to make regulations under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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Amendments (Textual)

F31Words in s. 22(1) substituted (1.4.1992) by S.I. 1992/709, art. 3(2), Sch. 2 (with art. 5(2))

F32Words in s. 22(1)(a) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 19, s. 82(4)(a) (with s. 83(6)); S.I. 2001/774, art. 2

23 Failure to comply with direction for taking blood tests.E+W

(1)Where a court gives a direction under section 20 of this Act and any person fails to take any step required of him for the purpose of giving effect to the direction, the court may draw such inferences, if any, from that fact as appear proper in the circumstances.

(2)Where in any proceedings in which the [F37paternity] of any person falls to be determined by the court hearing the proceedings there is a presumption of law that that person is legitimate, then if—

(a)a direction is given under section 20 of this Act in those proceedings, and

(b)any party who is claiming any relief in the proceedings and who for the purpose of obtaining that relief is entitled to rely on the presumption fails to take any step required of him for the purpose of giving effect to the direction,

the court may adjourn the hearing for such period as it thinks fit to enable that party to take that step, and if at the end of that period he has failed without reasonable cause to take it the court may, without prejudice to subsection (1) of this section, dismiss his claim for relief notwithstanding the absence of evidence to rebut the presumption.

(3)Where any person named in a direction under section 20 of this Act fails to consent to the taking of a [F38blood sample] from himself or from any person named in the direction of whom he has the care and control, he shall be deemed for the purposes of this section to have failed to take a step required of him for the purpose of giving effect to the direction.

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Amendments (Textual)

24 Penalty for personating another, etc., for purpose of providing [F39bodily sample].E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

If for the purpose of providing a [F39bodily sample] for a test required to give effect to a direction under section 20 of this Act any person personates another, or proffers a child knowing that it is not the child named in the direction, he shall be liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £400.

25 Interpretation of Part III.E+W

In this Part of this Act the following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say—

  • [F40bodily sample ” means a sample of bodily fluid or bodily tissue taken for the purpose of scientific tests;]

  • excluded ” means excluded subject to the occurrence of mutation [F41to section 27 of the M17Family Law Reform Act 1987 and to sections 27 to 29 of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990].

  • [F42scientific tests ” means scientific tests carried out under this Part of this Act and made with the object of ascertaining the inheritable characteristics of bodily fluids or bodily tissue.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F40Definition in s. 25 substituted (1.4.2001) by Family Law Reform Act 1987 (c. 42, SIF 49:7), s. 23(2)(a); S.I. 2001/777, art. 2

Marginal Citations

Part IVE+W Miscellaneous and General

26 Rebuttal of presumption as to legitimacy and illegitimacy.E+W

Any presumption of law as to the legitimacy or illegitimacy of any person may in any civil proceedings be rebutted by evidence which shows that it is more probable than not that that person is illegitimate or legitimate, as the case may be, and it shall not be necessary to prove that fact beyond reasonable doubt in order to rebut the presumption.

27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F43E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

28 Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent.E+W

(1)This Act may be cited as the Family Law Reform Act 1969.

(2)Except where the context otherwise requires, any reference in this Act to any enactment shall be construed as a reference to that enactment as amended, extended or applied by or under any other enactment, including this Act.

(3)This Act shall come into force on such date as the Lord Chancellor may appoint by order made by statutory instrument, and different dates may be appointed for the coming into force of different provisions.

(4)In this Act—

(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F44

(b)section 2, so far as it amends any provision of . . . F45 the M18Marriage with Foreigners Act 1906, has the same extent as that provision;

(c)sections . . . F46 6(7), so far as they affect Part II of the M19Maintenance Orders Act 1950, extend to Scotland and Northern Ireland;

(d)section 10, so far as it relates to the M20Civil List Act 1952, extends to Scotland and Northern Ireland;

(e)section 11, so far as it relates to the M21Employers and Workmen Act 1875, extends to Scotland;

(f). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F47

(g)section 19 extends to Scotland;

but, save as aforesaid, this Act shall extend to England and Wales only.

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Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 28(3): power exercised by S.I. 1969/1140 and 1971/1857

Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

SCHEDULES

Section 1(3).

SCHEDULE 1E+W Statutory Provisions Amended by Substituting 18 for 21 Years

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10The text of ss. 2(1), 19(2), Sch. 1 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and, except as specified, does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

Part IE+W Enactments

Short titleSectionSubject matter
F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .
F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .
. . . F49 . . . F49 . . . F49 . . . F49
c. 18.The Settled Land Act 1925.Section 102(5).Management of land during minority.
c. 19.The Trustee Act 1925.Section 31(1)(ii), (2)(i)(a) and (b).Power to apply income for maintenance and to accumulate surplus income during a minority.
c. 20.The Law of Property Act 1925.Section 134(1).Restriction on executory limitations
. . . F50 . . . F50 . . . F50 . . . F50
. . . F51 . . . F51 . . . F51 . . . F51
. . . F52 . . . F52 . . . F52 . . . F52
c. 46.The Hypnotism Act 1952.Section 3.Persons under 21 not to be hypnotised at public entertainment.
F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .
. . . F53 . . . F53 . . . F53 . . . F53
F48. . .F48. . .F48. . .F48. . ..
. . . F54 . . . F54 . . . F54 . . . F54
. . . F53 . . . F53 . . . F53 . . . F53
. . . F53 . . . F53
. . . F53 . . . F53
. . . F55 . . . F55 . . . F55 . . . F55
. . . F55 . . . F55
c. 2.The Betting, Gaming and Lotteries Act 1963.Section 22(1) and (3).Offence of sending betting advertisements to persons under 21.
c. 12.The Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965.Section 20.Persons under 21 but above 16 eligible as members of society but not of committee etc.
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Amendments (Textual)

F48Entries in Sch. 1 Pt. I repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. VIII.

F53Entries relating to the Sexual Offences Act 1956 and the Mental Health Act 1959 repealed by Guardianship Act 1973 (c. 29, SIF 49:9), s. 9, Sch. 3 and entries relating to the Mental Health Act 1959 are also expressed to be repealed by Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20, SIF 85), s. 134, Sch. 6

F56Part IIE+W Rules, Regulations Etc.

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Amendments (Textual)

F56Sch. 1 Pt.II, except the entry relating to the Government Stock Regulations 1965, repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt.VIII.

TitleProvisionSubject matter
1965 S.I. 1420.The Government Stock Regulations 1965.Regulation 14(1), (2), (3) and (5).Stock held by persons under 21.

Section 1(4).

SCHEDULE 2E+W Statutory Provisions Unaffected by Section 1

1The Regency Acts 1937 to 1953.E+W

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F57, section 7 of the M22Parliamentary Elections Act 1695, F58. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F57.E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F58Words in Sch. 2 para. 2 repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt.VIII.

Marginal Citations

3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F59E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

Section 1(4).

SCHEDULE 3E+W Transitional Provisions and Savings

InterpretationE+W

1(1)In this Schedule “the principal section ” means section 1 of this Act and “the commencement date ” means the date on which that section comes into force.E+W

(2)Subsection (7) of the principal section shall apply for the purposes of this Schedule as it applies for the purposes of that section.

Funds in courtE+W

2Any order or directions in force immediately before the commencement date by virtue of—E+W

(a)any rules of court or other statutory provision (including, in particular, section 174 of the M23County Courts Act 1959) relating to the control of money recovered by or otherwise payable to an infant in any proceedings; or

(b)section 19 of the M24Administration of Justice Act 1965 (control of money recovered by widow in fatal accident proceedings which are also brought for the benefit of an infant),

shall have effect as if any reference therein to the infant’s attaining the age of twenty-one were a reference to his attaining the age of eighteen or, in relation to a person who by virtue of the principal section attains full age on the commencement date, to that date.

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Marginal Citations

Wardship and custody ordersE+W

3(1)Any order in force immediately before the commencement date—E+W

(a)making a person a ward of court; or

(b)under the M25M26Guardianship of Infants Acts 1886 and 1925, or under the M27Matrimonial Causes Act 1965 or any enactment repealed by that Act, for the custody of, or access to, any person,

which is expressed to continue in force until the person who is the subject of the order attains the age of twenty-one, or any age between eighteen and twenty-one, shall have effect as if the reference to his attaining that age were a reference to his attaining the age of eighteen or, in relation to a person who by virtue of the principal section attains full age on the commencement date, to that date.

(2)This paragraph is without prejudice to so much of any order as makes provision for the maintenance or education of a person after he has attained the age of eighteen.

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Marginal Citations

Adoption ordersE+W

4The principal section shall not prevent the making of an adoption order or provisional adoption order under the M28Adoption Act 1958 in respect of a person who has attained the age of eighteen if the application for the order was made before the commencement date, and in relation to any such case that Act shall have effect as if the principal section had not been enacted.E+W

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Power of trustees to apply income for maintenance of minorE+W

5(1)The principal section shall not affect section 31 of the M29Trustee Act 1925—E+W

(a)in its application to any interest under an instrument made before the commencement date; or

(b)in its application, by virtue of section 47(1)(ii) of the Administration of M30Estates Act 1925, to the estate of an intestate (within the meaning of that Act) dying before that date.

(2)In any case in which (whether by virtue of this paragraph or paragraph 9 of this Schedule) trustees have power under subsection (1)(i) of the said section 31 to pay income to the parent or guardian of any person who has attained the age of eighteen, or to apply it for or towards the maintenance, education or benefit of any such person, they shall also have power to pay it to that person himself.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Personal representatives’ powers during minority of beneficiaryE+W

6The principal section shall not affect the meaning of “minority ” in sections 33(3) and 39(1) of the Administration of Estates Act 1925 in the case of a beneficiary whose interest arises under a will or codicil made before the commencement date or on the death before that date of an intestate (within the meaning of that Act).E+W

Accumulation periodsE+W

7The change, by virtue of the principal section, in the construction of—E+W

(a)sections 164 to 166 of the M31Law of Property Act 1925;

(b)section 13(1) of the M32Perpetuities and Accumulations Act 1964,

(which lay down permissible periods for the accumulation of income under settlements and other dispositions) shall not invalidate any direction for accumulation in a settlement or other disposition made by a deed, will or other instrument which was made before the commencement date.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Limitation of actionsE+W

8The change, by virtue of the principal section, in the construction of section 31(2) of the M33Limitation Act 1939 (limitation in case of person under disability) shall not affect the time for bringing proceedings in respect of a cause of action which arose before the commencement date.E+W

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Statutory provisions incorporated in deeds, wills, etc.E+W

9The principal section shall not affect the construction of any statutory provision where it is incorporated in and has effect as part of any deed, will or other instrument the construction of which is not affected by that section.E+W

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