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The Criminal Justice (International Co operation) Act 1990 (Enforcement of Overseas Forfeiture Orders) (Scotland) Order 2005

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PART 5INTERPRETATION

General interpretation

28.  In this Order–

“court” means the Court of Session;

“designated country” means a country or territory designated under Schedule 2 to this Order;

“overseas authority” means an authority which has responsibility in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom for making a request to an authority in another country or territory (including United Kingdom) to prohibit dealing with relevant property;

“overseas court” means a court of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

“a relevant officer of Revenue and Customs” means such an officer exercising functions by virtue of section 6 of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005(1).

External forfeiture orders

29.—(1) An order made–

(a)by a court in a designated country,

(b)for the forfeiture and destruction, or the forfeiture and other disposal, of anything in respect of which a relevant offence has been committed or which was used or intended for use in connection with the commission of such an offence,

is referred to in this Order as an “external forfeiture order”.

(2) In paragraph (1)–

(a)a “relevant offence” means any offence that corresponds to or is similar to an offence under the law of Scotland;

(b)the reference to an order includes any order, decree, direction or judgement, or any part thereof, however described.

Designated countries

30.  The countries or territories set out in Schedule 2 to this Order are hereby designated for the purposes of section 9 of the Criminal Justice (International Co operation) Act 1990.

Property

31.—(1) In this Order–

(a)a reference to property is a reference to all property wherever situated and includes–

(i)money;

(ii)all forms of property, whether heritable or moveable and whether corporeal or incorporeal;

(b)property is held by a person if that person holds an interest in it;

(c)property is obtained by a person if that person obtains an interest in it;

(d)property is transferred by one person to another if the first one transfers or grants an interest in it to the second;

(e)references to property held by a person include references to property vested in that person’s permanent or interim trustee (within the meaning of the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985(2)), trustee in bankruptcy or liquidator);

(f)references to an interest held by a person beneficially in property include references to an interest which would be held by him beneficially if the property were not so vested;

(g)references to an interest, in relation to land in Scotland, are to any estate, interest, servitude or other heritable right in or over land, including a heritable security;

(h)references to an interest, in relation to property other than land, include references to a right (including a right to possession).

(2) Property is “relevant property” if there are reasonable grounds to believe that it may be needed to satisfy an external forfeiture order which has been made or which may be made.

(3) “Specified property” in relation to an external forfeiture order means the property, the recovery of which is specified in the external forfeiture order.

Tainted gifts and their recipients

32.—(1) In this Order, a gift is tainted if it was made by the accused or offender, as the case may be, at any time after–

(a)the date on which the offence to which the external forfeiture order or request relates was committed, or

(b)if the accused or offender’s criminal conduct consists of two or more such offences and they were committed on different dates, the date of the earliest.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), an offence which is a continuing offence is committed on the first occasion when it is committed.

(3) A gift may be a tainted gift whether it was made before or after the coming into force of this Order.

(4) In this Order, an accused or offender, as the case may be, is to be treated as making a gift if that accused or offender transfers property to another person for a consideration whose value is significantly less than the value of the property at the time of the transfer.

(5) If paragraph (4) applies, the property given is to be treated as such share in the property transferred as is represented by the fraction–

(a)whose numerator is the difference between the two values mentioned in paragraph (4), and

(b)whose denominator is the value of the property at the time of the transfer.

(6) In this Order, references to a recipient of a tainted gift are to a person to whom the accused or offender, as the case may be, has (whether directly or indirectly) made the gift.

Value: the basic rule

33.—(1) Subject to article 34, this article applies where it is necessary under this Order to decide the value at any time of property then held by that person.

(2) Its value is the market value of the property at that time.

(3) But if at that time another person holds an interest in the property its value, in relation to the person mentioned in paragraph (1) is the market value of that person’s interest at that time ignoring any charging order under a provision listed in paragraph (4).

(4) Those provisions are–

(a)section 9 of the Drug Trafficking Offences Are 1986(3);

(b)section 78 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988(4);

(c)article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Confiscation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990(5);

(d)section 27 of the Drug Trafficking Act 1994(6);

(e)article 32 of the Proceeds of Crime (Northern Ireland) Order 1996(7).

Value of tainted gifts

34.—(1) The value at any time (the material time) of a tainted gift is the greater of the following–

(a)the value (at the time of the gift) of the property gives, adjusted to take account of later changes in the value of money;

(b)the value (at the material time) of the property found under paragraph (2).

(2) The property found under this paragraph is as follows–

(a)if the recipient holds the property given, that property;

(b)if the recipient holds no part of the property given, any property which directly or indirectly represents it in the recipient’s hands;

(c)if the recipient holds part of the property given, that part and any property which directly or indirectly represents the other part in the recipient’s hands.

(3) The references in paragraph (1)(a) and (b) to the value are to the value found in accordance with article 33.

Meaning of “accused” and “offender”

35.  In this Order–

“accused”, in relation to a restraint order means–

(a)

in a case in which the conditions in article 4 are satisfied by virtue of the fact that a criminal investigation has been instituted, the alleged offender;

(b)

in a case in which the conditions in article 4 are satisfied by virtue of the fact that proceedings for an offence have been instituted, the person against whom those proceedings have been instituted (whether or not that person has been convicted);

“offender”, in relation to an external forfeiture order means the person convicted of criminal conduct.

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