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The Criminal Justice (International Co operation) Act 1990 (Enforcement of Overseas Forfeiture Orders) (Scotland) Order 2005

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Article 26

SCHEDULE 1ADMINISTRATORS: FURTHER PROVISION

General

1.  In this Schedule, unless otherwise expressly provided–

(a)references to an administrator are to an administrator appointed under article 10 or 18;

(b)references to specified property are to the specified property in respect of which the administrator is appointed.

Appointment etc.

2.—(1) If the office of administrator is vacant, for whatever reason, the court must appoint a new administrator.

(2) Any property vested in the previous administrator vests in the new administrator.

(3) Any order under article 10 or 19(3) in relation to the previous administrator applies in relation to the new administrator when the new administrator gives written notice of appointment to the person subject to the order.

(4) The administration of property by an administrator must be treated as continuous despite any temporary vacancy in that office.

(5) The appointment of an administrator is subject to such conditions as to caution as the accountant of court may impose.

(6) The premium of any bond of caution or other security required by such conditions must be treated as part of the administrator’s expenses in the exercise of the administrator’s functions.

Functions

3.—(1) An administrator–

(a)may, if appointed under article 10; and

(b)must, if appointed under article 18(2), as soon as practicable take possession of the property, as the case may be, and of the documents mentioned in sub paragraph (2).

(2) Those documents are any documents which–

(a)is in the possession or control of the person (“A”) in whom the property is vested (or would be vested but for an order made under paragraph 5(4)); and

(b)relates to the property or to A’s assets, business or financial affairs.

(3) An administrator is entitled to have access to, and to copy, any document relating to the property or to A’s assets, business or financial affairs and not falling within sub paragraph (2)(a).

(4) An administrator may bring, defend or continue any legal proceedings relating to the property.

(5) An administrator may borrow money so far as it is necessary to do so to safeguard the property and may for the purposes of such borrowing create a security over any part of the property.

(6) An administrator may, if of the view that it would be beneficial for the management or realisation of the property–

(a)carry on any business of A;

(b)exercise any right of A as holder of securities in a company;

(c)grant a lease of the property to take on lease any other property;

(d)enter into any contract, or execute any deed, as regards the property or as regards A’s business.

(7) An administrator may, where any right, option or other power forms part of A’s estate, make payments or incur liabilities with a view to–

(a)obtaining property which is the subject of; or

(b)maintaining,

the right, option or power.

(8) An administrator may effect or maintain insurance policies as regards the property on A’s business.

(9) An administrator may, if appointed under article 18(2), complete any uncompleted title which A has to any heritable estate; but completion of title in A’s name does not validate by accretion any unperfected right in favour of any person other than the administrator.

(10) An administrator may sell, purchase or exchange property or discharge any security for an obligation due to A; but it is incompetent for the administrator or an associate of the administrator (within the meaning of section 74 of the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985(1)) to purchase any of A’s property in pursuance of this sub paragraph.

(11) An administrator may claim, vote and draw dividends in the sequestration of the estate (for bankruptcy or liquidation) of a debtor of A and may accede to a voluntary trust deed for creditors of such a debtor.

(12) An administrator may discharge any functions through agents or employees, but is personally liable to meet the fees and expenses of any such agent or employee out of which remuneration as is payable to the administrator on a determination by the account of court.

(13) An administrator may take such professional advice as that administrator considers necessary in connection with the exercise of that administrator’s functions.

(14) An administrator may at any time apply to the court for directions as regards the exercise of that administrator’s functions.

(15) An administrator may exercise any power specifically conferred on that administrator by the court, whether conferred on appointment or subsequently.

(16) An administrator may–

(a)enter any premises;

(b)search for or inspect anything authorised by the court;

(c)make or obtain a copy, photograph or other record of anything so authorised;

(d)remove anything which the administrator is required or administered to take possession of in pursuance of an order of the court.

(17) An administrator may do anything incidental to the powers and duties listed in the previous provisions of this paragraph.

Consent of accountant of court

4.  An administrator proposing to exercise any power conferred by paragraph 3(4) to (7) must first obtain consent of the accountant of court.

Dealings in good faith with administrator

5.—(1) A person dealing with an administrator in good faith and for value is not concerned to enquire whether the administrator is acting within the powers mentioned in paragraph 3.

(2) Sub paragraph (1) does not apply where the administrator or an associated purchases property in contravention of paragraph 3(10).

(3) The validity of any title is not challengeable by reason only of the administrator having acted outwith the powers mentioned in paragraph 3.

(4) The exercise of a power mentioned in paragraphs 3(4) to (11) must be in A’s name except where and in so far as an order made by the court under this sub paragraph vests the property in the administrator (or in a previous administrator).

(5) The court may make an order under sub paragraph (4) on the application of the administrator or on its own motion.

Money received by administrator

6.—(1) All money received by an administrator in the exercise of that administrator’s functions must be deposited by that administrator, in the name (unless vested in the administrator by virtue of paragraph 5(4)) of the holder of the property realised, in an appropriate bank or institution.

(2) But the administrator may at any time retain a sum not exceeding £200.

(3) In sub paragraph (1), “appropriate bank or institution” means a bank or institution mentioned in section 3(1) of the Banking Act 1987(2) or for the time being specified in Schedule 2 to that Act.

Effect of appointment of administrator on diligence

7.—(1) An arrestment or poinding of specified property, executed on or after the appointment of an administrator does not create a preference for the arrester or poinder.

(2) Any specified property so arrested or poinded, or (if the property has been sold) the proceeds of sale, must be handed over to the administrator.

(3) A poinding of the ground in respect of specified property on or after such appointment is ineffectual in a question with the administrator except for the interest mentioned in sub paragraph (4).

(4) That interest is–

(a)interest on the debt of a secured creditor for the current half-yearly term; and

(b)arrears of interest on that debt for one year immediately before the commencement of that term.

(5) On and after such appointment no other person may raise or insist in an adjudication against specified property or be confirmed as executor – creditor on that property.

(6) An inhibition on specified property which takes effect on or after such appointment does not create a preference for the inhibitor in a question with the administrator.

(7) This paragraph is without prejudice to articles 8 and 9.

(8) In this paragraph, the reference to an administrator is to an administrator appointed under article 18(2).

Supervision

8.—(1) If the accountant of court reports to the court that an administrator has failed to perform any duty imposed on that administrator, the court may, after giving the administrator an opportunity to be heard as regards the matter–

(a)remove the administrator from office;

(b)censure the administrator; or

(c)make such order as it thinks fit.

(2) Section 6 of the Judicial Factors (Scotland) Act 1889(3) does not apply in relation to an administrator.

Accounts and remuneration

9.—(1) Not later than two weeks after the issuing of any determination by the accountant of court as to the remuneration and expenses payable to the administrator, the administrator or the Lord Advocate may appeal against it to the court.

(2) The amount of remuneration payable to the administrator must be determined on the basis of the value of the work reasonably undertaken by that administrator, regard being had to the extent of the responsibilities involved.

(3) The accountant of court may authorise the administrator to pay without taxation an account in respect of legal services incurred by the administrator.

Discharge of Administrator

10.—(1) After an administrator has lodged final accounts under paragraph 9(1), that administrator may apply to the accountant of court to be discharged from office.

(2) A discharge, if granted, frees the administrator from all liability (other than liability arising from fraud) in respect of any act or omission of that administrator in exercising functions as administrator.

Article 28

SCHEDULE 2Designated Countries

  • Afghanistan

  • Albania

  • Algeria

  • Andorra

  • Angola

  • Antigua and Barbuda

  • Argentina

  • Armenia

  • Australia

  • Austria

  • Azerbaijan

  • Bahamas

  • Bahrain

  • Bangladesh

  • Barbados

  • Belarus

  • Belgium

  • Belize

  • Benin

  • Bhutan

  • Bolivia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Botswana

  • Brazil

  • Brunei Darussalem

  • Bulgaria

  • Burkina Faso

  • Burundi

  • Cambodia

  • Cameroon

  • Canada

  • Cape Verde

  • Central African Republic

  • Chad

  • Chile

  • China

  • Colombia

  • Comoros

  • Congo

  • Cook Islands

  • Costa Rica

  • Côte D'Ivoire

  • Croatia

  • Cuba

  • Cyprus

  • Czech Republic

  • Denmark

  • Djibouti

  • Dominica

  • Dominican Republic

  • Ecuador

  • Egypt

  • El Salvador

  • Eritrea

  • Equatorial Guinea

  • Estonia

  • Ethiopia

  • Fiji

  • Finland

  • France

  • Gabon

  • Gambia

  • Georgia

  • Germany

  • Ghana

  • Greece

  • Grenada

  • Guatemala

  • Guinea

  • Guinea Bissau

  • Guyana

  • Haiti

  • Honduras

  • Hungary

  • Iceland

  • India

  • Indonesia

  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)

  • Iraq

  • Ireland

  • Israel

  • Italy

  • Jamaica

  • Japan

  • Jordan

  • Kazakhstan

  • Kenya

  • Kuwait

  • Kyrgyzstan

  • Lao’s People’s Democratic Republic

  • Latvia

  • Lebanon

  • Lesotho

  • Liberia

  • Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

  • Liechtenstein

  • Lithuania

  • Luxemburg

  • Madagascar

  • Malawi

  • Malaysia

  • Maldives

  • Mali

  • Malta

  • Mauritania

  • Mauritius

  • Mexico

  • Micronesia (Federal States of)

  • Moldova

  • Monaco

  • Mongolia

  • Morocco

  • Mozambique

  • Myanmar

  • Namibia

  • Nauru

  • Nepal

  • Netherlands

  • New Zealand

  • Nicaragua

  • Niger

  • Nigeria

  • Norway

  • Oman

  • Pakistan

  • Panama

  • Paraguay

  • Peru

  • Philippines

  • Poland

  • Portugal

  • Qatar

  • Republic of Korea

  • Romania

  • Russian Federation

  • Rwanda

  • Saint Kitts & Nevis

  • Saint Lucia

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  • San Marino

  • San Tome & Principe

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Senegal

  • Serbia and Montenegro

  • Seychelles

  • Sierra Leone

  • Singapore

  • Slovakia

  • Slovenia

  • South Africa

  • Spain

  • Sri Lanka

  • Sudan

  • Suriname

  • Swaziland

  • Sweden

  • Switzerland

  • Syrian Arab Republic

  • Tajikistan

  • Thailand

  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

  • Togo

  • Tonga

  • Trinidad and Tobago

  • Tunisia

  • Turkey

  • Turkmenistan

  • Uganda

  • Ukraine

  • United Arab Emirates

  • United Republic of Tanzania

  • United States of America

  • Uruguay

  • Uzbekistan

  • Venezuela

  • Vietnam

  • Yemen

  • Zambia

  • Zimbabwe

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