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The National Health Service (General Medical Services Contracts) (Scotland) Regulations 2004

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PART 1General

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the National Health Service (General Medical Services Contracts) (Scotland) Regulations 2004 and shall come into force on 1st April 2004.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

the Act” means the National Health Service (Scotland) Act 1978(1);

“the 2004 Act” means the Primary Medical Services (Scotland) Act 2004(2);

“the 2003 Order” means the General and Specialist Medical Practice (Education, Training and Qualifications) Order 2003(3);

“additional services” means one or more of—

(a)

cervical screening services,

(b)

contraceptive services,

(c)

vaccinations and immunisations,

(d)

childhood vaccinations and immunisations,

(e)

child health surveillance services,

(f)

maternity medical services, and

(g)

minor surgery;

“adjudicator” means the Scottish Ministers or a panel of 3 persons appointed by the Scottish Ministers under paragraph 91 of Schedule 5;

“appliance” means an appliance which is included in a list for the time being approved by the Scottish Ministers for the purposes of section 27(1) of the Act(4);

“approved medical practice” shall be construed in accordance with section 11(4) of the Medical Act 1983(5);

“area medical committee” means the committee of that name recognised under section 9 of the Act (local consultative committees) in the area of the Health Board;

“area pharmaceutical committee” means the committee of that name recognised under section 9 of the Act (local consultative committee) in the area of the Health Board;

“assessment panel” means a committee or subcommittee of a Health Board (“the first Health Board”) (other than the Health Board (“the second Health Board”) which is a party or prospective party to the contract in question) appointed by the first Health Board at the request of the second Health Board to exercise functions under paragraph 2, 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule 2 or paragraph 31 or paragraph 35 of Schedule 5 and which shall consist of

(a)

the Chief Executive of the first Health Board or an Executive Director of that Health Board nominated by that Chief Executive;

(b)

a person representative of patients in an area other than that of the second Health Board; and

(c)

a person representative of the area medical committee which does not represent practitioners in the area of the second Health Board;

“care home service” has the same meaning as in section 2(3) of the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001(6);

CCT” means Certificate of Completion of Training awarded under article 8 of the 2003 Order, including any such certificate awarded in pursuance of the competent authority functions of the Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board specified in article 20(3)(a) of that Order;

“cervical screening services” means the services described in paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 1;

“charity trustee” means one of the persons having the general control and management of the administration of a charity;

“child” means a person who has not attained the age of 16 years;

“child health surveillance services” means the services described in paragraph 6(2) of Schedule 1;

“childhood vaccinations and immunisations” means the services described in paragraph 5(2) of Schedule 1;

“closed” in relation to the contractor’s list of patients, means closed to applications for inclusion in the list of patients other than from immediate family members of registered patients;

“contraceptive services” means the services described in paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 1;

“contract” means, except where the context otherwise requires, a general medical services contract under section 17J of the Act(7) (Health Boards power to enter into general medical services contracts);

“contractor” means a person with whom a Health Board enters into a contract;

“contractor’s list of patients” means the list prepared and maintained by a Health Board under paragraph 14 of Schedule 5;

“core hours” means the period beginning at 8 am and ending at 6.30 pm on any working day;

“dispensing services” means the provision of drugs, medicines and appliances;

“disqualified” means, unless the context otherwise requires, local or national disqualification by the Tribunal (or a decision under provisions in force in England, Wales or Northern Ireland corresponding to local or national disqualification), but does not include conditional disqualification;

“Drug Tariff” means the statement published under regulation 9 (payments to pharmacists and standards of drugs and appliances) of the Pharmaceutical Regulations;

“enhanced services” are—

(a)

services other than essential services, additional services or out of hours services; or

(b)

essential services or additional services or out of hours services or an element of such a service that a contractor agrees under the contract to provide in accordance with specifications set out in a plan, which requires of the contractor an enhanced level of service provision compared to that which it needs generally to provide in relation to that service or element of service;

“essential services” means the services required to be provided in accordance with regulation 15;

“general medical practitioner” means—

(a)

from the coming into force of article 10 of the 2003 Order, a medical practitioner whose name is included in the General Practitioner Register otherwise than by virtue of paragraph 1(d) of Schedule 6 to that Order, and

(b)

until the coming into force of that article, a medical practitioner who is either—

(i)

until the coming into force of paragraph 22 of Schedule 8 to the 2003 Order, suitably experienced within the meaning of section 21(2) of the Act, section 31(2) of the National Health Service Act 1977(8) or Article 8(2) of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1978(9); or

(ii)

upon the coming into force of paragraph 22 of Schedule 8 to the 2003 Order, an eligible general practitioner pursuant to that paragraph other than by virtue of having an acquired right under paragraph 1(d) of Schedule 6 to the 2003 Order;

“General Practitioner Register” means the register kept by the General Medical Council under article 10 of the 2003 Order;

“global sum” has the meaning given to it in the GMS Statement of Financial Entitlements;

“GMS Statement of Financial Entitlements” means the directions given by the Scottish Ministers under section 17M of the Act(10) (payments by Health Boards under general medical services contracts);

GP Registrar”—

(a)

until the coming into force of article 5 of the 2003 Order, means a medical practitioner who is being trained in general practice by a medical practitioner who—

(i)

has been approved for that purpose by the Joint Committee on Postgraduate Training for General practice under regulation 7 of the National Health Service (Vocational Training for General Medical Practice) (Scotland) Regulations 1998(11); and

(ii)

performs primary medical services, and

(b)

from the coming into force of that article, means a medical practitioner who is being trained in general practice by a GP Trainer whether as part of training leading to the award of a CCT or otherwise;

“GP trainer” means a general medical practitioner who is—

(a)

until the coming into force of article 4(5)(d) of the 2003 Order, approved as a GP Trainer by the Joint Committee on Postgraduate Training for general practice under regulation 7 of the National Health Service (Vocational Training for General Medical Practice) (Scotland) Regulations 1998; or

(b)

from the coming into force of that article, approved by the Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board under article 4(5)(d) of the 2003 Order for the purposes of providing training to a GP Registrar under article 5(1)(c)(i) of that Order;

“Health and Social Services Board” means a Health and Social Services Board established under the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1972(12);

“Health and Social Services trust” means a Health and Social Services trust established under Article 10(1) of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1991(13);

“Health Authority” means a Health Authority established under section 8 of the National Health Service Act 1977(14);

“Health Board” means, unless the context otherwise requires, the Health Board which is a party, or prospective party, to a contract;

“health care professional” has the same meaning as in section 17L(5) of the Act(15) and “health care profession” shall be construed accordingly;

“health service body” means any person or body referred to in section 17A(2) of the Act (NHS contracts)(16) and includes, except where otherwise expressly provided, any person who is to be regarded as a health service body in accordance with regulation 10;

“immediate family member” means—

(a)

a spouse,

(b)

a person (whether or not of the opposite sex) whose relationship with the registered patient has the characteristics of the relationship between husband and wife,

(c)

a parent or step-parent,

(d)

a son,

(e)

a daughter,

(f)

a child of whom the registered patient is—

(i)

the guardian, or

(ii)

the carer duly authorised by the local authority to whose care the child has been committed under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995(16); or

(g)

a grandparent;

“independent nurse prescriber” means a person—

(a)

who is either engaged or employed by the contractor or, where the contractor is a partnership, is a partner in that partnership;

(b)

who is registered in the Nursing and Midwifery Register, and

(c)

in respect of whom an annotation is also recorded in that register signifying that the person is qualified to order drugs, medicines and appliances from-

(i)

the Nurse Prescribers' Formulary for District Nurses and Health Visitors in Part 8B of the Drug Tariff, or

(ii)

the Nurse Prescribers' Extended Formulary in Part 8C of the Drug Tariff;

“licensing authority” shall be construed in accordance with section 6(3) of the Medicines Act 1968(17);

“licensing body” means any body that licenses or regulates any profession;

“limited partnership” means a partnership registered in accordance with section 5 of the Limited Partnerships Act 1907(18);

“list” has unless the contact otherwise requires the meaning assigned to it in section 29(8) of the Act(19) and includes a list corresponding to such a list in England, Wales or Northern Ireland;

“Local Health Board” means a Local Health Board established under section 16BA of the National Health Service Act 1977(20) (local health boards);

“local or national disqualification” has the meaning indicated in section 29B(2) of the Act(21);

“maternity medical services” means the services described in paragraph 7(1) of Schedule 1;

“medical card” means a card issued by a Health Board, Primary Care trust, Local Health Board, Health Authority or Health and Social Services Board to a person for the purpose of enabling that person to obtain, or establishing the person’s title to receive, primary medical services;

“medical officer” means a medical practitioner who is—

(a)

employed or engaged by the Department for Work and Pensions, or

(b)

provided by an organisation in pursuance of a contract entered into with the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions;

“Medical Register” means the registers kept under section 2 of the Medical Act 1983(22);

“minor surgery” means the services described in paragraph 8(2) of Schedule l;

“national disqualification” means—

(a)

a national disqualification by the Tribunal; or

(b)

a decision under provisions in force in England, Wales or Northern Ireland corresponding to a national disqualification by the Tribunal;

“NHS contract” means a contract—

(a)

which is a general medical services contract under section 17J of the Act(23); and

(b)

which is a NHS contract within the meaning of section 17A(3) of the Act(24) as a consequence of which the contractor is being regarded as a health service body pursuant to Regulation 10(1) or (5);

“the NHS dispute resolution procedure” means the procedure for resolution of disputes specified in paragraphs 91 and 92 of Schedule 5;

“NHS foundation trust” has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Health and Social Care (Community Health and Standards) Act 2003(25);

“NHS trust” means, in England and Wales, a National Health Service trust established under section 5 of the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990(26);

“normal hours” means those days and hours on which and the times at which services under the contract are normally made available and may be different for different services;

“Nursing and Midwifery Register” means the register maintained by the Nursing and Midwifery Council under the Nursing and Midwifery Order 2001(27);

“open”, in relation to the contractor’s list of patients, means open to applications from patients in accordance with paragraph 15 of Schedule 5;

“out of hours period” means—

(a)

the period beginning at 6.30 pm on any day from Monday to Thursday and ending at 8 am on the following day;

(b)

the period between 6.30 pm on Friday and 8 am on the following Monday; and

(c)

Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and any other public or local holiday,

and “part” of an out of hours period means any part of any one or more of the periods described in sub-paragraphs (a) to (c);

“out of hours services” means services required to be provided in all or part of the out of hours period which—

(a)

would be essential services if provided in core hours; or

(b)

are included in the contract as additional services funded under the global sum;

“parent” includes, in relation to any child, any adult who, in the opinion of the contractor, is for the time being discharging in respect of that child the obligations normally attaching to a parent in respect of a child;

“patient” means—

(a)

a registered patient,

(b)

a temporary resident,

(c)

persons to whom the contractor is required to provide immediately necessary treatment under regulation 15(6) or (8) respectively,

(d)

any other person to whom the contractor has agreed to provide services under the contract,

(e)

any person for whom the contractor is responsible under regulation 31, and

(f)

any person for whom the contractor is responsible under arrangements made with another contractor in accordance with Schedule 5

“Pharmaceutical Regulations” means the National Health Service (Pharmaceutical Services) (Scotland) Regulations 1995(28);

“pharmacist” means—

(a)

a registered pharmacist within the meaning of the Medicines Act 1968(29) who provides pharmaceutical services, or

(b)

a person lawfully conducting a retail pharmacy business in accordance with section 69 of that Act(30) who provides such services, or

(c)

a supplier of appliances,

who is included in the list of a Health Board under section 27 (arrangements for provision of pharmaceutical services) of the Act;

“the POM Order” means the Prescription Only Medicines (Human Use) Order 1997(31);

“practice” means the business operated by the contractor for the purpose of delivering services under the contract;

“practice area” means the area referred to in regulation 18(1)(d);

“practice leaflet” means a leaflet drawn up in accordance with paragraph 69 of Schedule 5;

“practice premises” means an address specified in the contract as one at which services are to be provided under the contract;

“prescriber” means—

(a)

a medical practitioner,

(b)

an independent nurse prescriber, and

(c)

a supplementary prescriber,

who is either engaged or employed by the contractor or, where the contractor is a partnership, is a partner in that partnership;

“prescription form” means a form provided by the Health Board and issued by a prescriber to enable a person to obtain pharmaceutical services;

“prescription only medicine” means a medicine referred to in article 3 of the POM Order (medicinal products on prescription only);

“Primary Care trust” means a Primary Care trust established under section 16A of the National Health Service Act 1977(32) (primary care trusts);

“primary medical services performers list” means the list of primary medical services performers prepared in accordance with regulations made under section 17P of the Act(33) (persons performing primary medical services);

“public or local holiday” means any public or local holiday which is agreed in writing between the Health Board and the contractor and which shall, in aggregate, be no less than those available to NHS staff employed by the Health Board;

“registered patient” means—

(a)

a person who is recorded by the Health Board as being on the contractor’s list of patients, or

(b)

a person whom the contractor has accepted for inclusion on its list of patients, whether or not notification of that acceptance has been received by the Health Board and who has not been notified by the Health Board as having ceased to be on that list;

“relevant register” means—

(a)

in relation to a nurse, the Nursing and Midwifery Register; and

(b)

in relation to a pharmacist, the register maintained in pursuance of section 2(1) of the Pharmacy Act 1954(34) or the register maintained in pursuance of Articles 6 and 9 of the Pharmacy (Northern Ireland) Order 1976(35);

“restricted availability appliance” means an appliance which is approved for particular categories of persons or particular purposes only;

“section 17C provider” means a person or body who is providing primary medical services in accordance with an agreement pursuant to section 17C of the Act(36);

“Scheduled drug” means—

(a)

a drug, medicine or other substance specified in any directions given by the Scottish Ministers under section 17N(6) of the Act(37) as being a drug, medicine or other substance which may not be ordered for patients in the provision of medical services under the contract; or

(b)

except where the conditions in paragraph 40(2) of Schedule 5 are satisfied a drug, medicine or other substance which is specified in any directions given by the Scottish Ministers under section 17N(6) of the Act as being a drug, medicine or other substance which can only be ordered for specified patients and specified purposes;

“supplementary prescriber” means a person—

(a)

who is either engaged or employed by the contractor or, where the contractor is a partnership, is a partner in that partnership; and

(b)

whose name is registered in—

(i)

the Nursing and Midwifery Register,

(ii)

the Register of Pharmaceutical Chemists maintained in pursuance of section 2(1) of the Pharmacy Act 1954; or

(iii)

the register maintained in pursuance of Articles 6 and 9 of the Pharmacy (Northern Ireland) Order 1976, and

against whose name is recorded in the relevant register an annotation signifying that the person is qualified to order drugs, medicines and appliances as a supplementary prescriber;

“temporary resident” means a person accepted by the contractor as a temporary resident under paragraph 16 of Schedule 5 and for whom the contractor’s responsibility has not been terminated in accordance with that paragraph;

“the Tribunal” has the meaning indicated in section 29 of the Act(38) (the NHS Tribunal);

“working day” means any day apart from Saturday, Sunday, Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and any other public or local holiday;

“writing” includes, unless otherwise expressly provided, transmission by electronic means and “written” shall be construed accordingly.

(2) In these Regulations, the use of the term “it” in relation to—

(a)the adjudicator shall be deemed to refer either to the Scottish Ministers or to the panel of 3 persons appointed by them, as the case may be; and

(b)a contractor shall be deemed to include a reference to a contractor who is an individual medical practitioner,

and related expressions shall be construed accordingly.

(3) Any reference in these Regulations to a numbered regulation or Schedule or to a numbered paragraph of such a regulation or Schedule is, unless otherwise expressly provided, a reference to a regulation or Schedule bearing that number in these Regulations or, as the case may be, to a paragraph bearing that number in such a regulation or Schedule.

(3)

S.I. 2003/1250.

(4)

Section 27 was amended by the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 (c. 19), Schedule 9 the Medicinal Products: Prescription by Nurses etc. Act 1992 (c. 28), section 3, the National Health Service (Primary Care) Act 1997 (c. 46), Schedule 2, paragraph 44, the Health and Social Care Act 2001 (c. 15), section 44 and S.I. 2003/1590.

(5)

1983 c. 54; section 11(4) was amended by the National Health Service (Primary Care) Act 1997 (c. 46), section 35(4) and Schedule 2, paragraph 61(2).

(7)

Section 17J was inserted by the 2004 Act section 4.

(9)

S.I. 1978/1907.

(10)

Section 17M was inserted by the 2004 Act, section 4. The directions in respect of the financial year 2004–05 will be given before 31st March 2004 and will be available on http://www.show.scot.nhs.uk

(11)

1998/5 as amended by S.I. 1998/669 and S.S.I. 2000/23.

(13)

S.I. 1991/194 (N.I.1).

(14)

Section 17L(5) was inserted by the 2004 Act, section 4.

(15)

Section 17A(2) was inserted by the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 (c. 19), section 30 and amended by the Health Authorities Act 1995 (c. 17), Schedule 1, paragraph 102(2), the National Health Service (Primary Care) Act 1997 (c. 46), Schedule 2, paragraph 36, the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), Schedule 4, paragraph 46 and S.I. 1991/195.

(19)

Section 29(8) was substituted by the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), section 58(1) and amended by the Community Care and Health (Scotland) Act 2002 (asp 5), Schedule 2, paragraph 2 and the 2004 Act, section 5(3).

(20)

1977 c. 49. Section 16BA was inserted by the National Health Service Reform and Health Care Professions Act 2002 (c. 17) section 6.

(21)

Section 29B(2) was inserted by the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), section 58 and amended by the Community Care and Health (Scotland) Act 2002 (asp 5), schedule 2, paragraph 2 and the 2004 Act, section 5(3).

(22)

1983 c. 54; section 2 was amended by S.I. 1996/1591 and 2002/3135.

(23)

Section 17J was inserted by the 2004 Act, section 4.

(24)

Section 17A(3) was inserted by the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 (c. 19), section 30 and amended by the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), Schedule 3, paragraph 46(b) and Schedule 4.

(28)

S.I. 1995/414 as amended by S.I. 1996/840 and 1504, 1997/696, 1998/2224 and 3031 and S.S.I. 1999/57, 2001/70, 2002/111 and 153, 2003/296.

(30)

Section 69 was amended by the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993 (c. 50) and the Pharmacists (Fitness to Practise) Act 1997 (c. 19), Schedule 4, paragraph 5.

(31)

S.I. 1997/1830 as amended by S.I. 1997/2044, 1998/108, 1178 and 2081, 1999/1044 and 3463, 2000/1917, 2889 and 3231, 2001/2777, 2889 and 3942, 2002/549 and 2469 and 2003/696.

(32)

1977 c. 49. Section 16A was inserted by the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), section 2(1).

(33)

Section 17P was inserted by section 5(2) of the 2004 Act.

(36)

Section 17C was inserted by the National Health Service (Primary Care) Act 1997 (c. 46), section 21(2) and was amended by the 2004 Act, section 2(2).

(37)

Section 17N was inserted into the Act by section 4 of the 2004 Act.

(38)

Section 29 was substituted by the Health Act 1999 (c. 8), section 58(1) and amended by the Community Care and Health (Scotland) Act 2002 asp 5, schedule 1, paragraph 2(4) and by the 2004 Act, schedule, paragraph 1(12) and (13).

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