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Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999

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Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 and shall come into operation on 13th July 1999.

(2) In these Regulations “the principal Regulations” means the Miscellaneous Food Additives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(1).

Amendment of the principal Regulations

2.  The principal Regulations shall be amended in accordance with regulations 3 to 13.

3.  In regulation 2(1) (interpretation)—

(a)in the definition of “Directive 95/2/EC” there shall be inserted at the end “and European Parliament and Council Directive 98/72/EC(2)”;

(b)in the definition of “Directive 96/77/EC” there shall be inserted at the end “, as amended by Commission Directive 98/86/EC(3)”;

(c)after the definition of “flavour enhancer” there shall be inserted the following—

“flour treatment agent” means a substance added to flour or dough to improve its baking quality, but does not include any emulsifier;;

(d)in the definition of “miscellaneous additive”—

(i)after “flavour enhancer”, there shall be inserted “flour treatment agent,”;

(ii)there shall be inserted at the end “or any enzyme except invertase or lysozyme”.

4.  In regulation 3(4) (use of miscellaneous additives) for “Notes 1 and 3” there shall be substituted “Notes 1, 3 and 4”.

5.  In regulation 11 (transitional provisions and exemptions) there shall be inserted after paragraph (1A) the following paragraph—

(1B) In any proceedings for an offence against these Regulations in respect of any food additive or food, it shall be a defence to prove that—

(a)the food additive or food concerned was put on the market or labelled before 1st July 1999 and the matter constituting the offence would not have constituted an offence against these Regulations if the amendments made by regulations 3(b) and 10 of the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 had not been made when the food additive or, as the case may be, the food was put on the market or labelled, or

(b)the food additive or food concerned was put on the market or labelled before 4th November 2000 and the matter constituting the offence would not have constituted an offence against these Regulations or the Bread and Flour Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1998(4) if the amendments made by regulations 3(c) and (d)(i), 7(b)(iii), 12 and 14(4) of the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 had not been made when the food additive or, as the case may be, the food was put on the market or labelled..

6.  In Schedule 1 (miscellaneous additives generally permitted for use in foods not referred to in Schedule 6, 7 or 8)—

(a)after note (3) there shall be inserted—

(4) The substance E 920 may be used only as a flour treatment agent.;

(b)in the table there shall be inserted sequentially according to EC number the following entries—

E 469Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose,
E 920L-Cysteine,
E 1103Invertase, and
E 1451Acetylated oxidised starch.

7.  In Schedule 2 (conditionally permitted preservatives and antioxidants)—

(a)in Part A (sorbates, benzoates and p-hydroxybenzoates) in the second table—

(i)there shall be substituted for the entry relating to olives and olive-based preparations the following entry—

Olives and olive-based preparations10005001000

(ii)there shall be substituted for the entries relating to emulsified sauces with a fat content of 60% or more and emulsified sauces with a fat content less than 60% the following entries—

Emulsified sauces with a fat content of 60% or more10005001000
Emulsified sauces with a fat content less than 60%200010002000

(iii)there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

. . . Mehu and Makeutettu . . . Mehu500200
Analogues of meat, fish, crustaceans and cephalopods and cheese based on protein2000
Dulce de membrillo1000
Marmelada1500
Ostkaka2000
Pasha1000
Semmelkn 154 delteig2000
Cheese and cheese analogues (surface treatment only)quantum satis
Cooked red beet2000
Collagen-based casings with a water activity greater than 0.6quantum satis

(b)in Part B (suplhur dioxide and sulphites) in the second table—

(i)there shall be substituted for the entries relating to crustaceans and cephalopods the following entries—

(*)

In edible parts

Crustaceans and cephalopods:

— fresh, frozen and deep-frozen

150(*)

— crustaceans,panaeidae solenceridae, aristeidaefamily:

  • up to 80 units

150(*)
  • between 80 and 120 units

200(*)
  • over 120 units

300(*)

— cooked

50(*)

(ii)in column 1 there shall be substituted for “Dehydrated granulated potatoes” the words “Dehydrated potatoes”;

(iii)in the entry relating to sugars as defined in Directive 73/437/EEC(5) except glucose syrup, whether or not dehydrated, there shall be substituted in column 2 for the number “15” the number “10”;

(iv)there shall be substituted for the entry relating to vegetable — and cereal-protein-based meat, fish and crustacean analogues the following entry—

Analogues of meat, fish and crustacean based on protein200;

(v)there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

Marinated nuts50
Vacumn packed sweet corn100
Distilled alcoholic beverages containing whole pears50,

(c)in Part C (other preservatives)—

(i)in the first table the entry relating to E 233 Thiabendazole shall be omitted;

(ii)in the first table in the entry relating to E 234 Nisin there shall be inserted at the end in column 3 the word “Mascarpone” and in column 4 opposite that word “10 mg/kg”;

(iii)in the second table there shall be substituted for the entries relating to E 251 Sodium nitrate and E 252 Potassium nitrate the following entries—

(*)

Expressed as NaNO3

(*X*)

Residual amounts nitrite formed from nitrate included, expressed as NaNO2;

E 251 Sodium nitrate

E 252 Potassium nitrate

Cured meat products

Canned meat products

300250(*)

Hard, semi-hard and semi-soft cheese

Dairy-based cheese analogue

50(*)
Pickled herring and sprat200(*X*)
Foie gras, foie gras entier, blocs de foie gras50(*)

(iv)in the third table there shall be substituted for the entries relating to E 280 Propionic acid, E 281 Sodium propionate, E 282 Calcium propionate and E 283 Potassium propionate the following entries—

(*)

Propionic acid and its salts may be present in certain fermented products resulting from the fermentation process following good manufacturing practice.;

E 280

E 281

E 282

Propionic acid(*)

Sodium propionate(*)

Calcium propionate(*)

Pre-packed sliced bread and rye bread3000 mg/kg expressed as propionic acid
E 283Potassium propionate(*)

Energy reduced bread

Partially baked, pre-packed bread

Pre-packed fine bakery wares (including flour confectionery) with a water activity of more than 0.65

Pre-packed rolls, buns andpitta

Prepackedpølsebrød bolleranddansk flutes

2000 mg/kg expressed as propionic acid

Christmas pudding

Pre-packed bread

1000 mg/kg expressed as propionic acid
Cheese and cheese analogues (surface treatment only)Quantum satis

(d)in Part D (other antioxidants) in the table there shall be substituted in column 3 for “De-hydrated granulated potatoes” the words “Dehydrated potatoes”.

8.  There shall be substituted for Schedule 3 (other permitted miscellaneous additives) Schedule 1 to these Regulations.

9.  In Schedule 4 (permitted carriers and carrier solvents) in the table there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

E 322

E 432-E436

E 470a

E 471

E 491-E 495

E 570

E 900

Lecithins

Polysorbates

Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids

Mono and diglycerides of fatty acids

Sorbitans

Fatty acids

Dimethylpolysiloxane

Glazing agents for fruit
Polyethyleneglycol 6000Sweeteners
E 425

Konjac

(i)

Konjac gum

(ii)

Konjac glucomannane

E 459Beta-cyclodextrineMaximum 1 g/kg in or on the food
E 1451Acetylated oxidised starch
E 468Cross linked sodium carboxy methyl celluloseSweeteners
E 469Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose.

10.  In Schedule 5 (purity criteria)—

(a)the entries relating to the miscellaneous additives listed in Schedule 2 to these Regulations shall be omitted;

(b)in the entry relating to Propane-1,2-diol (propylene glycol) there shall be substituted for “Directive 78/663/EEC” the words “Directive 78/664/EEC(6)”.

11.  In Schedule 6 (foods in which miscellaneous additives listed in Schedule 1 are generally prohibited)—

(a)there shall be substituted for the words from “Pasteurised and sterilised” to the words “and semi-skimmed)” the words “Pasteurised and sterilised (including UHT) milk (including plain, skimmed and semi-skimmed) and plain pasteurised cream”;

(b)after the words “Dry pasta” there shall be inserted the words, “, excluding gluten-free pasta or pasta intended for hypoproteic diets, in accordance with Directive 89/398/EEC(7)”.

12.  There shall be substituted for Schedule 7 (foods in which a limited number of miscellaneous additives listed in Schedule 1 may be used) Schedule 3 to these Regulations.

13.  In Schedule 8 (miscellaneous additives permitted in foods for infants and young children)—

(a)there shall be substituted for the first introductory note the following introductory notes—

1.  Formulae and weaning foods for infants and young children may contain E 414 (acacia gum, gum arabic) and E 551 (silicon dioxide) resulting from the addition of nutrient preparations containing not more than 150 g/kg of E 414 and 10 g/kg of E 551, as well as E 421 (mannitol) when used as a carrier for vitamin B12 (not less than 1 part vitamin B12 to 1000 parts mannitol). The carry over of E 414 in the product ready for consumption shall not be more than 10 mg/kg.

1A.  Formulae and weaning foods for infants and young children may contain E 301 (sodium L-ascorbate), used at quantum satis level in coatings of nutrient preparations containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. The carry over of E 301 in the product ready for consumption shall not be more than 75 mg/l.;

(b)in Part I (miscellaneous additives permitted in infant formulae for infants in good health)—

(i)there shall be substituted for note (b) the following note—

(b)if more than one of the substances E 322, E 471, E 472c and E 473 is added to a food, the maximum level established for that food for each of those substances is lowered by that relative part as is present of the other substances together in that food.;

(ii)in the table where there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

E 304L-ascorbyl palmitate10 mg/1
E 331Sodium citrates2 g/1
E 332Potassium citratesIndividually or in combination and in conformity with the limits set in Annex 1 to Directive 91/321/ EEC(8)
E 339Sodium phosphates1 g/1 expressed as P2O5
E 340Potassium phosphatesIndividually or in combination and in conformity with the limits set in Annex 1 to Directive 91/321/EEC
E 412Guar gum1 g/1, where the liquid product contains partially hydrolysed proteins and is in conformity with the conditions set in Annex IV to Directive 91/321 EEC, as amended by Directive 96/4/EC(9)
E472cCitric acid esters of mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids7.5 g/1 sold as powder
g/1 sold as liquid where the products contain partially hydrolysed proteins, peptides or amino acids and are in conformity with the conditions set in Annex IV to Directive 91/321/EEC, as amended by Directive 96/4/EC
E 473Sucrose esters of fatty acids120 mg/1 in products containing hydrolysed proteins, peptides or amino acids;

(c)in Part II (miscellaneous additives permitted in follow-on formulae for infants in good health)—

(i)there shall be substituted for note (b) the following note—

(b)if more than one of the substances E 322, E 471, E 472c and E 473 is added to a food, the maximum level established for that food for each of those substances is lowered by that relative part as is present of the other substances together in that food.;

(ii)in note (c) there shall be substituted for the words “lowered with” the words “lowered by”;

(iii)in the table there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

E 304L-ascorbyl palmitate10 mg/1
E 331Sodium citrates2 g/1
E 332Potassium citratesIndividually or in combination and in conformity with the limits set in Annex 1 to Directive 91/321/EEC
E 339Sodium phosphates1 g/1 expressed as P2O5
E 340Potassium phosphatesIndividually or in combination and in conformity with the limits set in Annex 1 to Directive 91/321/EEC
E 472cCitric acid testers of mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids

7.5 g/1 sold as powder.

9 g/1 sold as liquid where the products contain partially hydrolised proteins, peptides or amino acids and are in conformity with the conditions set in Annex IV to Directive 91/321/EEC, as amended by Directive 96/4/EC

E 473Sucrose esters of fatty acids120 mg/1 in products containing hydrolysed proteins, peptides or amino acids;

(d)in Part III (miscellaneous additives permitted in weaning foods for infants and young children in good health) in the table there shall be inserted at the end the following entries—

(*)

The note in Part IV does not apply.;

E 333Calcium citrates(*)Low-sugar fruit based productsquantum satis
E 341Tricalcium phosphate(*)Fruit based desserts1 g/kg as P2O5
E 1451Acetylated oxidised starchWeaning foods50 g/kg

(e)in Part IV (miscellaneous additives permitted in foods for infants and young children for special medical purposes) there shall be inserted at the end the following table—

EC No.NameMax. levelSpecial Conditions
E 401Sodium alginate1 g/1From 4 months onwards in special food products with adapted composition, required for metabolic disorders and for general tube feeding
E 405Propane 1, 2-diolalginate200 mg/1From 12 months onwards in specialised diets intended for young children who have cows' milk intolerance or inborn errors of metabolism
E 410Locust bean gum10 g/1From birth onwards in products for reduction of gastro-oesophageal reflux
E 412Guar gum10 g/1From birth onwards in products in liquid formulae containing hydrolysed proteins, peptides or amino acids in conformity with the conditions set in Annex IV to Directive 91/321/EEC, as amended by Directive 96/4/EC
E 415Xanthan gum1.2 g/1From birth onwards for use in products based on amino acids or peptides for use with patients who have problems with impairment of the gastro-intestinal tract, protein mal-absorption or inborn errors of metabolism
E 440Pectins10 g/1From birth onwards in products used in case of gastro-intestinal disorders
E 466Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose10g/1 or kgFrom birth onwards in products for the dietary management of metabolic disorders
E 471Mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids5 g/1From birth onwards in specialised diets, particularly those devoid of proteins
E 1450Starch sodium octenyl succinate20 g/1In infant formulae and follow-on formulae.

Consequential amendments

14.—(1) In the following Regulations references to the Miscellaneous Food Additives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996 shall be construed as references to those Regulations as amended by the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1997(10) and these Regulations:

  • the Mineral Hydrocarbons in Food Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1966(11);

  • the Specified Sugar Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1976(12);

  • the Cocoa and Chocolate Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1976(13);

  • the Fruit Juices and Fruit Nectars Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1977(14);

  • the Condensed Milk and Dried Milk Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1977(15);

  • the Coffee and Coffee Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979(16);

  • the Jam and Similar Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1982(17);

  • the Meat Products and Spreadable Fish Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1984(18);

  • the Food Additives Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992(19);

  • the Food Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(20);

(2) In the Food Additives Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992—

(a)there shall be inserted after regulation 6 the following—

Transitional provision

6A.  In any proceedings for an offence under these Regulations in respect of any food additive, it shall be a defence to prove that the food additive concerned was put on the market or labelled before 4th November 2000 and the matter constituting the offence would not have constituted an offence under these Regulations if the amendments made by regulation 14(1) and (2)(b) of the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 had not been made when the food additive was put on the market or labelled.;

(b)in Schedule 1 (categories of food additives) in Part II (supplementary)—

(i)paragraph (s) shall be omitted; and

(ii)in paragraph (t) there shall be inserted at the beginning the words ““flour treatment agent”,” and there shall be inserted after the words “used as a” the words “flour treatment agent,”.

(3) In the Food Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996—

(a)in regulation 14(11) (names of ingredients) the words “or in Schedule 3 to the Bread and Flour Regulations” shall be omitted;

(b)in regulation 50 (transitional provision) there shall be inserted at the end the following paragraph—

(8) In any proceedings for an offence under regulation 44(a) as read with regulation 14(9) and (11), it shall be a defence to prove that the food concerned was prepacked before 4th November 2000 and the matter constituting the offence would not have constituted an offence under these Regulations if the amendment made by regulation 14(3)(a) of the Miscellaneous Food Additives (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 had not been made when the food was prepacked..

(4) In the Bread and Flour Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1998(21)—

(a)in regulation 5 (additional ingredients) there shall be substituted for paragraphs (1) and (2) the following paragraph—

(1) No person shall use as an ingredient in the preparation of flour or bread any flour bleaching agent.;

(b)Schedule 3 (ingredients permitted in flour and bread) shall be omitted.

Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Health and Social Services on

L.S.

J. O'Neill

Assistant Secretary

25th May 1999.

Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Agriculture on

L.S.

L. McKibben

Assistant Secretary

25th May 1999.

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