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The Social Security (Contributions) (Amendment No. 3) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1998

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Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Social Security (Contributions) (Amendment No. 3) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1998 and shall come into operation for the purposes of—

(a)regulations 1, 2(a), 4, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 11 on 1st October 1998;

(b)regulations 2(b), 3, 7 and 8 on 6th April 1999.

(2) In these Regulations “the principal Regulations” means the Social Security (Contributions) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979(1).

(3) The Interpretation Act 1978(2) shall apply to these Regulations as it applies to an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament.

Amendment of regulation 1 of the principal Regulations

2.  In regulation 1 of the principal Regulations (citation, commencement and interpretation)—

(a)in paragraph (2)—

(i)after the definition of “COMPS employment”(3) there shall be inserted the following definition—

“conditional interest in shares” means an interest which is conditional for the purposes of sections 140A and 140B of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988(4);;

(ii)after the definition of “contributory benefit”(5) there shall be inserted the following definition—

“convertible shares” means shares which are convertible within the meaning of section 140D of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988;;

(iii)after the definition of “radio officer” there shall be inserted the following definition—

  • “readily convertible asset” has the meaning assigned to it in section 203F(2)(6) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988;;

(iv)the definition of “trading arrangements”(7) shall be omitted;

(b)after paragraph (2) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(3) For the purposes of regulations 32(8), 35(9) and 46(10) of these Regulations, references to “contributions”, “Class 1 contributions” and “earnings-related contributions” shall, unless the context otherwise requires, include any amount paid on account of earnings-related contributions in accordance with the provisions of regulation 6A(6)(11) of these Regulations..

Amendment of regulation 6A of the principal Regulations

3.  In regulation 6A of the principal Regulations (earnings period for directors) after paragraph (5) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(6) Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this regulation, a director(12) and any company(13) employing him may pay on account of any earnings-related contributions that may become payable by them such amounts as would be payable by way of such contributions if the foregoing provisions of this regulation did not apply..

Insertion of regulation 17AB into the principal Regulations

4.  After regulation 17A(14) of the principal Regulations (payments to directors to be treated as earnings) there shall be inserted the following regulation—

Further provision as to payments to be treated as earnings

17AB.  For the purposes of section 3 of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (“earnings” and “earner”) there shall be treated as remuneration derived from an employed earner’s employment any amount on which an employed earner is, by virtue of any provision of sections 140A to 140H of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (conditional acquisition of shares and convertible shares), chargeable to income tax under Schedule E in respect of the acquisition, on or after 9th April 1998, of shares or an interest in shares..

Amendment of regulation 18 of the principal Regulations

5.  In regulation 18 of the principal Regulations (calculation of earnings)—

(a)in paragraph (6)(15) sub-paragraph (b) and the word “or” immediately preceding that sub-paragraph shall be omitted;

(b)for paragraph (8)(16) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(8) The amount of earnings which is comprised in any payment by way of the conferment of a beneficial interest in—

(a)any asset falling within paragraph 9ZA or 9ZB of Schedule 1A(17) to these Regulations which is not a readily convertible asset;

(b)any voucher falling within paragraph 9B of that Schedule which is not capable of being exchanged for a readily convertible asset,

and which falls to be taken into account in the computation of a person’s earnings shall, for the purposes of earnings-related contributions, be calculated or estimated on the basis of the cost of the asset in question; and for the purposes of this paragraph “the cost of the asset” in relation to any voucher includes the cost of any asset for which that voucher is capable of being exchanged.;

(c)for paragraph (9)(18) there shall be substituted the following paragraphs—

(9) The amount of earnings which is comprised in—

(a)any payment by way of the conferment of a beneficial interest in—

(i)any asset falling within Schedule 1A to these Regulations which is a readily convertible asset;

(ii)any voucher falling within paragraph 9B of that Schedule (any voucher capable of being exchanged for an asset falling within paragraphs 1 to 9ZB of that Schedule) where the asset for which it is capable of being exchanged is a readily convertible asset;

(b)any payment by way of any asset or voucher falling within Schedule 1B(19) to these Regulations,

where that payment falls to be taken into account in the computation of a person’s earnings shall, for the purposes of earnings-related contributions, be calculated by reference to the amount determined in accordance with paragraph (10) of this regulation for the purposes of section 203F(1) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (PAYE: readily convertible assets).

(10) The amount referred to in paragraph (9) of this regulation is—

(a)in the case of any asset falling within paragraph (9)(a)(i) of this regulation or paragraph 1 of Schedule 1B to these Regulations, the best estimate that can reasonably be made of the amount of income likely to be chargeable to income tax under Schedule E in respect of the provision of the asset;

(b)in the case of an asset falling within paragraph 2 of the said Schedule 1B, the best estimate that can reasonably be made of the amount of income likely to be chargeable to income tax under Schedule E in respect of the enhancement of its value;

(c)in the case of any voucher falling within paragraph (9)(a)(ii) of this regulation or paragraph 3 of the said Schedule 1B, the best estimate that can reasonably be made of the amount of income likely to be chargeable to income tax under Schedule E in respect of the provision of any asset for which the voucher is capable of being exchanged.

(11) The amount of earnings which is comprised in any payment by way of the conferment of a conditional interest in shares and which falls to be taken into account in the computation of a person’s earnings shall, for the purposes of earnings-related contributions, be calculated on the basis of the best estimate that can reasonably be made of the difference between—

(a)the market value of that person’s interest immediately after that interest ceases to be only conditional or, as the case may be, at the time of the sale or other disposal of that interest; and

(b)the amount or value of the consideration given by that person for that interest together with any amounts which have previously been included in that person’s earnings for the purposes of his assessment of earnings-related contributions in respect of his acquisition of that interest.

(12) For the purposes of paragraph (11) of this regulation—

(a)“market value” has the meaning assigned to it in section 140A(6) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (conditional acquisition of shares);

(b)the “amount or value of the consideration given” shall be determined in accordance with section 140B of that Act (consideration for shares conditionally acquired) as if it were being determined for the purposes of section 140A of that Act.

(13) The amount of earnings which is comprised in any payment by way of the conferment of a beneficial interest in convertible shares and which falls to be taken into account in the computation of a person’s earnings shall, for the purposes of earnings-related contributions, be calculated on the basis of the best estimate that can reasonably be made of the gain from their conversion.

(14) For the purposes of paragraph (13) of this regulation, the “gain from their conversion” is the difference between—

(a)the market value at the time of the conversion of the shares into which the convertible shares are converted; and

(b)the sum of—

(i)the amount or value of any consideration given for the convertible shares;

(ii)any amount or value of any consideration given for the conversion in question;

(iii)the amounts which have previously been included in that person’s earnings for the purposes of his assessment of earnings-related contributions in respect of his acquisition of the interest in the convertible shares;

(iv)if the convertible shares were acquired through a series of conversions each of which gives rise to a liability for earnings-related contributions, any amount of the gain from each conversion, so far as not falling within head (iii) of this sub-paragraph.

(15) For the purposes of paragraph (14) of this regulation—

(a)“market value” has the meaning assigned to it in section 140F(3) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (supplemental provision with respect to convertible shares);

(b)the “amount or value of any consideration given” shall be determined in accordance with section 140E of that Act (consideration for convertible shares);

(c)the reference to a conversion which gives rise to a liability for earnings-related contributions is a reference to any conversion which gives rise to a gain which was treated as earnings by virtue of regulation 17AB of these Regulations or would have given rise to a gain but for the fact that the market value at the time of conversion of the shares into which the convertible shares are converted did not exceed the sum referred to in sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph (14) of this regulation..

Amendment of regulation 19 of the principal Regulations

6.  In regulation 19 of the principal Regulations (payments to be disregarded)—

(a)in paragraph (1)—

(i)for sub-paragraph (k)(20) there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—

(k)a payment by way of shares where such shares are not readily convertible assets and form part of the ordinary share capital of—

(i)the secondary contributor, or

(ii)a company which has control of the secondary contributor, or

(iii)a company which either is, or has control of, a body corporate which is a member of a consortium owning either that secondary contributor or a body corporate having control of that secondary contributor;;

(ii)for sub-paragraph (l)(21) there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—

(l)a payment by way of a right to acquire shares where neither that right nor those shares are readily convertible assets;;

(iii)after sub-paragraph (y)(22) there shall be added the following sub-paragraphs—

(z)a payment by way of—

(i)the conferment of a conditional interest in shares in respect of which, by virtue of section 140A(3) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (conditional acquisition of shares), no income tax is chargeable under Schedule E except any income tax which is so chargeable by virtue only of section 135 (gains by directors and employees from share options) or 162(23) (employee shareholdings) of that Act;

(ii)convertible shares in respect of which, by virtue of section 140D(8) or (10) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (convertible shares), income tax is not chargeable under that section, or

(iii)shares appropriated under a profit sharing scheme to which the provisions of section 186(24) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (approved profit sharing schemes) apply;

(za)a payment by way of a conditional interest in shares where at the time of payment—

(i)that earner is treated by virtue of section 203FB(4)(25) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (PAYE: gains from share options etc.) as having been provided with a further interest, which interest would not, for the purposes of section 140A of that Act, be treated as only conditional, and

(ii)the conditional interest together with that further interest are not readily convertible assets;

(zb)a payment by way of a beneficial interest in convertible shares where—

(i)that earner is treated by virtue of section 203FB(5) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 as if the original provision of those shares included the shares into which they are converted, and

(ii)those shares, and the shares into which they are converted, are not readily convertible assets;

(zc)a payment of, or contribution towards, qualifying travelling expenses which the holder of an office or employment is obliged to incur and defray out of the emoluments of the office or employment.;

(b)for paragraph (5)(26) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(5) Payments under paragraph (1)(d)(27) of this regulation shall not include any payment by way of—

(a)the conferment of any beneficial interest in—

(i)any asset falling within Schedule 1A to these Regulations, or

(ii)any contract the effecting and carrying out of which constitutes long term business falling within Class I (life and annuity business), Class III (linked long term business) or Class VI (capital redemption business) specified in Schedule 1 to the Insurance Companies Act 1982(28);

(b)any asset falling within Schedule 1B to these Regulations.;

(c)in paragraph (6)(29) for “sub-paragraph (b)” there shall be substituted “sub-paragraph (a)(ii)”;

(d)in paragraph (7)(30) sub-paragraph (g) shall be omitted;

(e)in paragraph (8)(31) sub-paragraph (a) shall be omitted;

(f)after paragraph (9)(32) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(10) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(zc) of this regulation—

(a)“qualifying travelling expenses” means—

(i)amounts necessarily expended on travelling in the performance of the duties of the office or employment, or

(ii)other expenses of travelling which are attributable to the necessary attendance at any place of the holder of the office or employment in the performance of the duties of the office or employment and are not expenses of ordinary commuting or private travel within the meaning of paragraph 2 of Schedule 12A(33) to the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (ordinary commuting and private travel);

(b)paragraphs 1(2) and 2 to 7 of that Schedule shall apply as they apply for the purposes of section 198(1A)(b)(ii)(34) of that Act (relief for necessary expenses);

(c)expenses of travel by the holder of an office or employment between 2 places at which he performs duties of different offices or employments under or with companies in the same group are treated as necessarily expended in the performance of the duties which he is to perform at his destination; and for this purpose companies are taken to be members of the same group if, and only if, one is a 51 per cent. subsidiary of the other or both are 51 per cent. subsidiaries of a third company within the meaning of section 838(1)(a) of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (subsidiaries)..

Amendment of Part IIA of the principal Regulations

7.  In Part IIA(35) of the principal Regulations (exceptions from liability for, and reductions of, Class 1A contributions)—

(a)in the heading after “REDUCTIONS” there shall be inserted “AND CALCULATION”;

(b)after regulation 22G (exception from liability for Class 1A contributions in respect of cars made available to disabled employed earners for business and home to work travel only) there shall be added the following regulation—

Calculation of Class 1A contributions

22H.  A Class 1A contribution calculated in accordance with the provisions of section 10(36) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (Class 1A contributions) shall be calculated to the nearest £0·01 and any amount of £0·005 or less shall be disregarded..

Amendment of Schedule 1 to the principal Regulations

8.  In Schedule 1 to the principal Regulations (application of Income Tax (Employments) Regulations 1973(37) to earnings-related contributions and Class 1A contributions) in Regulation 2 (interpretation) after paragraph (1) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(2) For the purposes of Regulations 13(6)(38), 25(39), 26(40), 26A(41) and 30(42), references to “primary Class 1 contributions” and “earnings-related contributions” shall, unless the context otherwise requires, include any amount paid on account of earnings-related contributions in accordance with the provisions of regulation 6A(6) of the Main Regulations..

Amendment of Schedule 1A to the principal Regulations

9.  In Schedule 1A to the principal Regulations (assets not to be disregarded as payments under regulation 19(1)(d))—

(a)in paragraph 5(a)(43) for “9ZA, 9ZB or 9A” there shall be substituted “9ZA or 9ZB”;

(b)paragraphs 9A and 9C(44) shall be omitted;

(c)paragraph 15(45) shall be omitted;

(d)in paragraph 16(46) “or 9C” shall be omitted.

Insertion of Schedule 1B into the principal Regulations

10.  After Schedule 1A to the principal Regulations there shall be inserted Schedule 1B as set out in the Schedule to these Regulations.

Revocations

11.  The following regulations are hereby revoked—

(a)regulations 2 and 3(c) of the Social Security (Contributions) (Amendment No. 3) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1994(47);

(b)the Social Security (Contributions) (Amendment No. 4) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(48); and

(c)regulations 2, 3(c) and (d) and 4(a) and (c) of the Social Security (Contributions) (Amendment No. 6) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(49).

Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland on

L.S.

John O'Neill

Assistant Secretary

10th September 1998.

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