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Industrial Tribunals (Constitution and Rules of Procedure) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996

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Review of tribunal’s decision

11.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this rule, a tribunal may, on the application of a party or of its own motion, review any decision on the grounds that—

(a)the decision was wrongly made as a result of an error on the part of the tribunal staff;

(b)a party did not receive notice of the proceedings leading to the decision;

(c)the decision was made in the absence of a party;

(d)new evidence has become available since the conclusion of the hearing to which the decision relates, provided that its existence could not have been reasonably known of or foreseen at the time of the hearing; or

(e)the interests of justice require such a review.

(2) A tribunal may not review a decision of its own motion unless it is the tribunal which made the decision.

(3) A tribunal may only review a decision of its own motion if—

(a)it exercises the power within the period beginning with the date of the hearing and ending with the fourteenth day after the date on which the decision was sent to the parties; and

(b)it has sent notice to each of the parties explaining in summary form the ground upon which and reasons why it is proposed to review the decision and giving them an opportunity to show cause why there should be no review.

(4) An application for the purposes of paragraph (1) may be made at the hearing. If no application is made at the hearing, an application may be made to the Secretary at any time from the date of the hearing until 14 days after the date on which the decision was sent to the parties and must be in writing stating the grounds in full.

(5) An application for the purposes of paragraph (1) may be refused by the President, Vice-President or by the chairman of the tribunal which decided the case if in his opinion it has no reasonable prospect of success.

(6) If such an application is not refused under paragraph (5) it shall be heard by the tribunal which decided the case, or—

(a)where it is not practicable for it to be heard by that tribunal; or

(b)where the decision was made by a chairman acting alone under rule 13(8),

by a tribunal appointed by either the President or Vice-President.

(7) On reviewing its decision a tribunal may confirm the decision, or vary or revoke the decision under the chairman’s hand; and if it revokes the decision, the tribunal shall order a re-hearing before either the same or a differently constituted tribunal.

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