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The Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1998

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

SCHEDULES

Article 17(5).

SCHEDULE 1PROVISIONS CONSEQUENTIAL ON ORDER OPERATING TO RESTRAIN DISPOSITIONS

1.  An occupation order (“the order”) to the extent that by virtue of Article 11(3)(j), 13(5)(g) or 14(5)(g) it makes provision restraining the respondent from making a disposition of any land in Northern Ireland which is specified in the order,—

(a)shall create on the land a statutory charge within the meaning of section 87 of the [1970 c. 18 (N.I.).] Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (matters registrable in the Statutory Charges Register); and

(b)subject to section 88 of that Act (statutory charge to be void against purchaser in certain circumstances), shall render liable to be set aside by the court, at the instance of the applicant for the order, any disposition of the land in contravention of the order.

2.—(1) The registration of a statutory charge such as is mentioned in paragraph 1 shall cease to have effect when the provision mentioned in that paragraph ceases to have effect.

(2) This paragraph is without prejudice to section 91 of the Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970.

3.  When the registration has ceased to have effect the Registrar of Titles may cancel it.

4.  An application for the renewal of the registration of a charge may be made in the same manner as the application for the original registration.

Article 30.

SCHEDULE 2TRANSFER OF CERTAIN TENANCIES ON DIVORCE ETC. OR ON SEPARATION OF COHABITEES

PART IGENERAL

Interpretation

1.—(1) In this Schedule the following words and expressions have the same meaning as in the [1978 NI 20.] Rent (Northern Ireland) Order 1978—

(a)dwelling-house;

(b)the landlord;

(c)protected tenancy;

(d)Rent Restriction Acts;

(e)statutory tenancy.

(2) In this Schedule—

“cohabitee”, except in paragraph 3, includes (where the context requires) former cohabitee;

“the court” does not include a court of summary jurisdiction;

“Part II order” means an order under Part II of this Schedule;

“secure tenancy” has the meaning assigned to it by Article 25 of the [1983 NI 15.] Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1983;

“spouse” includes a party to a void or voidable marriage and, except in paragraph 2, includes (where the context requires) former spouse.

Cases in which court may make order

2.—(1) This paragraph applies if one spouse is entitled, either in his own right or jointly with the other spouse, to occupy a dwelling-house by virtue of a protected tenancy, a statutory tenancy or a secure tenancy.

(2) At any time when it has power to make a property adjustment order under Article 26 of the [1978 NI 15.] Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 with respect to the marriage, the court may make a Part II order.

(3) On the application of the other spouse within three months after an occupation order is made, the court may make a Part II order.

3.—(1) This paragraph applies if one cohabitee is entitled, either in his own right or jointly with the other cohabitee, to occupy a dwelling-house by virtue of a protected tenancy, a statutory tenancy or a secure tenancy.

(2) If the cohabitees cease to live together as husband and wife, the court may make a Part II order.

(3) On the application of the other cohabitee within three months after an occupation order is made, the court may make a Part II order.

4.—(1) The court shall not make a Part II order unless the dwelling-house is or was—

(a)in the case of spouses, a matrimonial home; or

(b)in the case of cohabitees, a home in which they lived together as husband and wife.

(2) Where while an occupation order is in force an application is made for a Part II order, the court may make the order applied for notwithstanding that, at the time when it does so, the occupation order has ceased to have effect otherwise than by reason of its revocation; and where a Part II order is made it shall not be affected by an occupation order subsequently ceasing to have effect.

Matters to which court must have regard

5.  In determining whether to exercise its powers under Part II and, if so, in what manner, the court shall have regard to all the circumstances of the case including—

(a)the circumstances in which the tenancy was granted to either or both of the spouses or cohabitees or, as the case requires, the circumstances in which either or both of them became tenant under the tenancy;

(b)the matters mentioned in Article 11(6)(a), (b), (c) and (d) and, where the parties are cohabitees and only one of them is entitled to occupy the dwelling-house by virtue of the tenancy, the further matters mentioned in Article 14(6)(e), (f), (g) and (h); and

(c)the suitability of the parties as tenants.

PART IIORDERS THAT MAY BE MADE

References to entitlement to occupy

6.  References in this Part to a spouse or a cohabitee being entitled to occupy a dwelling-house by virtue of a protected tenancy or a secure tenancy apply whether that entitlement is in his own right or jointly with the other spouse or cohabitee.

Protected or secure tenancy

7.—(1) If a spouse or cohabitee is entitled to occupy the dwelling-house by virtue of a protected tenancy or a secure tenancy the court may by order direct that, as from such date as may be specified in the order, there shall, by virtue of the order and without further assurance, be transferred to, and vested in, the other spouse or cohabitee—

(a)the estate which the spouse or cohabitee so entitled had in the dwelling-house immediately before that date by virtue of the lease or agreement creating the tenancy and any assignment of that lease or agreement, with all rights, privileges and appurtenances attaching to that estate but subject to all covenants, obligations, liabilities and incumbrances to which it is subject, and

(b)where the spouse or cohabitee so entitled is an assignee of such lease or agreement, the liability of that spouse or cohabitee under any covenant of indemnity by the assignee expressed or implied in the assignment of the lease or agreement to that spouse or cohabitee.

(2) If an order is made under this paragraph, any liability or obligation to which the spouse or cohabitee so entitled is subject under any covenant having reference to the dwelling-house in the lease, agreement or assignment, being a liability or obligation falling due to be discharged or performed on or after the date so specified, shall not be enforceable against that spouse or cohabitee.

(3) If the spouse so entitled is a successor within the meaning of Chapter II of Part II of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1983, his former spouse or former cohabitee (or, if a decree of judicial separation is in force, his spouse) shall be deemed also to be a successor within the meaning of that Chapter.

Statutory tenancy

8.—(1) This paragraph applies if the spouse or cohabitee is entitled to occupy the dwelling-house by virtue of a statutory tenancy.

(2) The court may by order direct that, as from the date specified in the order,—

(a)that spouse or cohabitee is to cease to be entitled to occupy the dwelling-house; and

(b)the other spouse or cohabitee is to be deemed to be the tenant or, as the case may be, the sole tenant under that statutory tenancy.

(3) The question whether the provisions of paragraph 1 to 4, or (as the case may be) paragraphs 6 to 9 of Schedule 1 to the [1978 NI 20.] Rent (Northern Ireland) Order 1978, as to the succession by the widow or widower of a deceased tenant, or by a member of the deceased tenant’s family, to the right to retain possession are capable of having effect in the event of the death of the person deemed by an order under this paragraph to be the tenant or sole tenant under the statutory tenancy is to be determined according as those provisions or the corresponding provisions of the Rent Restriction Acts have or have not already had effect in relation to the statutory tenancy.

PART IIISUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Compensation

9.—(1) If the court makes a Part II order, it may by the order direct the making of a payment by the spouse or cohabitee to whom the tenancy is transferred (“the transferee”) to the other spouse or cohabitee (“the transferor”).

(2) Without prejudice to that, the court may, on making an order by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) for the payment of a sum—

(a)direct that payment of that sum or any part of it is to be deferred until a specified date or until the occurrence of a specified event, or

(b)direct that that sum or any part of it is to be paid by instalments.

(3) Where an order has been made by virtue of sub-paragraph (1), the court may, on the application of the transferee or the transferor—

(a)exercise its powers under sub-paragraph (2), or

(b)vary any direction previously given under that sub-paragraph,

at anytime before the sum whose payment is required by the order is paid in full.

(4) In deciding whether to exercise its powers under this paragraph and, if so, in what manner, the court shall have regard to all the circumstances including—

(a)the financial loss that would otherwise be suffered by the transferor as a result of the order,

(b)the financial needs and financial resources of the parties, and

(c)the financial obligations which the parties have, or are likely to have in the foreseeable future, including financial obligations to each other and to any relevant child.

(5) The court shall not give any direction under sub-paragraph (2) unless it appears to it that immediate payment of the sum required by the order would cause the transferee financial hardship which is greater than any financial hardship that would be caused to the transferor if the direction were given.

Liabilities and obligations in respect of the dwelling-house

10.—(1) If the court makes a Part II order, it may by order direct that both spouses or cohabitees are to be jointly and severally liable to discharge or perform any or all of the liabilities and obligations in respect of the dwelling-house (whether arising under the tenancy or otherwise) which—

(a)have at the date of the order fallen due to be discharged or performed by one only of them; or

(b)but for the direction, would before the date specified as the date on which the order is to take effect fall due to be discharged or performed by one only of them.

(2) If the court gives such a direction, it may further direct that either spouse or cohabitee is to be liable to indemnify the other in whole or in part against any payment made or expenses incurred by the other in discharging or performing any such liability or obligation.

Date when order made between spouses is to take effect

11.—(1) In the case of a decree of nullity of marriage, the date specified in a Part II order as the date on which the order is to take effect must not be earlier than the date on which the decree is made absolute.

(2) In the case of divorce proceedings or separation proceedings, the date specified in a Part II order as the date on which the order is to take effect is to be determined as if the court were making a property adjustment order under Article 26 of the Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978.

Remarriage of either spouse

12.—(1) If after the grant of a decree dissolving or annulling a marriage either spouse remarries, that spouse is not entitled to apply, by reference to the grant of that decree, for a Part II order.

(2) For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that the reference in sub-paragraph (1) to remarriage includes a reference to a marriage which is by law void or voidable.

Rules of court

13.—(1) Rules of court shall be made requiring the court, before it makes an order under this Schedule, to give the landlord of the dwelling-house to which the order will relate an opportunity of being heard.

(2) Rules of court may provide that an application for a Part II order by reference to a decree shall not, without the leave of the court by which that decree was granted, be made after the expiration of such period from the grant of the decree as may be prescribed by the rules.

Saving for other provisions of this Order

14.—(1) If a spouse is entitled to occupy a dwelling-house by virtue of a tenancy, this Schedule does not affect the operation of Articles 4 and 5 in relation to the other spouse’s matrimonial home rights.

(2) If a spouse or cohabitant is entitled to occupy a dwelling-house by virtue of a tenancy, the court’s powers to make orders under this Schedule are additional to those conferred by Articles 11, 13 and 14.

Article 41(1).

SCHEDULE 3AMENDMENTS

The Land Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (c. 18)

In Schedule 6 (registration of certain burdens), in Part I, in paragraph 14A, after “Article 5(1) of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” insert “or within the meaning of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”.

In Schedule 11 (matters which require to be registered in the Statutory Charges Register), for paragraph 36 there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

36.  An occupation order under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 to the extent that by virtue of paragraph 1(b) of Schedule 1 to that Order it renders liable to be set aside at the instance of the applicant for the order a disposition of any land in Northern Ireland which is specified in the order..

The Registration of Deeds Act (Northern Ireland) 1970 (c. 25)

In section 4(4A) (effect of registration), after “Article 5(1) of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” insert “or within the meaning of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”.

The Land Acquisition and Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 1973 (NI 21)

In Article 30A (spouses having statutory rights of occupation)—

(a)in paragraph (1), for “rights of occupation (within the meaning of Part II of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights (within the meaning of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”;

(b)in paragraph (2)(a), for “rights of occupation” substitute “matrimonial home rights”.

The Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (NI 15)

In Article 6(4) (divorce not precluded by previous judicial separation), for “any of” substitute “either or both of” and for sub-paragraphs (aa) and (b) substitute the following sub-paragraph—

(b)any period during which there is an order made under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 (or any statutory provision repealed by that Order) which—

(i)excludes the respondent from a dwelling-house which is, or was at any time, the matrimonial home, or

(ii)prohibits the exercise by the respondent of the right to occupy such a home.

The Rent (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (NI 20)

In Article 14 (extended discretion of court in claims for possession of certain dwelling-houses)—

(a)in paragraph (4A), for “rights of occupation under Part II of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”;

(b)in paragraph (4B), for “rights of occupation” substitute “matrimonial home rights”;

(c)after paragraph (4B) insert the following paragraphs—

(4C) Paragraph (4D) applies in any case where—

(a)proceedings are brought for possession of a dwelling-house which is let on a protected tenancy or subject to a statutory tenancy;

(b)an order is in force under Article 13 of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 conferring rights on the former spouse of the tenant or an order is in force under Article 14 of that Order conferring rights on a cohabitee or former cohabitee (within the meaning of that Order) of the tenant;

(c)that former spouse, cohabitee or former cohabitee is then in occupation of the dwelling-house; and

(d)the tenancy is or may be terminated as a result of those proceedings.

(4D) In any case to which this paragraph applies, the former spouse, cohabitee or former cohabitee shall, so long as he or she remains in occupation, have the same rights in relation to, or in connection with, any such adjournment as is referred to in paragraph (1) or any such stay, suspension or postponement as is referred to in paragraph (2), as he or she would have if the rights conferred by the order referred to in paragraph (4C)(b) were not affected by the termination of the tenancy.;

(d)in paragraph (5), for “(4B)” substitute “(4D)”.

The Legal Aid, Advice and Assistance (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (NI 8)

In Schedule 1 (proceedings for which legal aid may be given under Part II of that Order), in Part I, in paragraph 3 (proceedings in court of summary jurisdiction), at the end of sub-paragraph (b) add “or the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”.

The Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (NI 26)

In Article 88 (nature of domestic proceedings), after paragraph (df) insert the following paragraph—

(dg)under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997;.

The Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1983 (NI 15)

In Article 36(1) (rent not to be increased on account of tenant’s improvements), for sub-paragraph (d) substitute the following sub-paragraph

(d)if the tenancy has been transferred to a spouse, former spouse, cohabitee or former cohabitee of his by an order made under Schedule 1 to the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 or Schedule 2 to the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997, at any time whilst the transferee is a secure tenant of that dwelling-house.

In Article 47 (extended discretion of court in certain proceedings for possession)—

(a)in paragraph (5)(b), for “rights of occupation under Part II of the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”;

(b)in paragraph (6), for “rights of occupation” substitute “matrimonial home rights”;

(c)after paragraph (6) add the following paragraphs—

(7) Paragraph (8) applies in any case where—

(a)proceedings are brought for possession of a dwelling-house which is let under a secure tenancy;

(b)an order is in force under Article 13 of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 conferring rights on the former spouse of the tenant or an order is in force under Article 14 of that Order conferring rights on a cohabitee or former cohabitee (within the meaning of that Order) of the tenant;

(c)that former spouse, cohabitee or former cohabitee is then in occupation of the dwelling-house; and

(d)the tenancy is or may be terminated as a result of those proceedings.

(8) In any case to which this paragraph applies, the former spouse, cohabitee or former cohabitee shall, so long as he or she remains in occupation, have the same rights in relation to, or in connection with, any such adjournment as is referred to in paragraph (1) or any such stay, suspension or adjournment as is referred to in paragraph (2), as he or she would have if the rights conferred by the order referred to in paragraph (7)(b) were not affected by the termination of the tenancy..

The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (NI 4)

For Article 26 (powers of the court in relation to certain tenancies of dwelling-houses) substitute the following Article—

Powers of the court in relation to certain tenancies of dwelling-houses

26.(1) This Article applies if—

(a)an application is made by a party to a marriage for an order for financial relief; and

(b)one of the parties to the marriage is entitled, either in his own right or jointly with the other party, to occupy a dwelling-house situated in Northern Ireland by virtue of a tenancy which is a tenancy mentioned in Schedule 2 to the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997.

(2) The court may make in relation to that dwelling-house any order which it could make under Part II of that Schedule if a decree of divorce, a decree of nullity of marriage or a decree of judicial separation had been granted in Northern Ireland in respect of the marriage.

(3) The provisions of paragraphs 9, 10 and 13(1) in Part III of that Schedule shall apply in relation to any order made under this Article as they apply to any order under Part II of that Schedule..

The Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (NI 19)

In Article 309 (rights of occupation, etc., of bankrupt’s spouse)—

(a)in paragraph (1), for “rights of occupation under the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”;

(b)in paragraph (2)—

(i)for “rights of occupation under the Order of 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights under the Order of 1998”;

(ii)in sub-paragraph (b), for “Article 4” substitute “Article 11”;

(c)in paragraph (4), for “Article 4 of the Order of 1984” substitute “Article 11 of the Order of 1998”.

In Article 310 (rights of occupation of bankrupt)—

(a)in paragraph (2), for “rights of occupation under the Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984” substitute “matrimonial home rights under the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997”;

(b)for paragraph (3) substitute the following paragraph

(3) The Order of 1998 has effect, with the necessary modifications, as if—

(a)the rights conferred by sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (2) were matrimonial home rights under that Order,

(b)any application for leave such as is mentioned in that sub-paragraph were an application for an order under Article 11 of that Order, and

(c)any charge under sub-paragraph (b) of that paragraph on the estate or interest of the trustee were a charge under that Order on the estate or interest of a spouse.;

(c)in paragraph (4), for “Article 4 of the Order of 1984” substitute “Article 11 of the Order of 1998”;

(d)in paragraph (5), for “Article 4 of the Order of 1984” substitute “Article 11 of the Order of 1998”.

The Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (NI 2)

In Article 8 (residence, contact and other orders with respect to children), at the end of paragraph (4) add the following sub-paragraph

(h)the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997.

Article 41(2).

SCHEDULE 4SAVING AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Interpretation

1.  In this Schedule—

“the Order of 1980” means the [1980 NI 5.] Domestic Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1980;

“the Order of 1984” means the [1984 NI 14.] Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) 1984; and

“the Order of 1989” means the [1989 NI 4.] Matrimonial and Family Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

Pending applications

2.  Nothing in this Order affects any application for an order under Article 18 or 21 of the Order of 1980 or Article 4 or 13 of the Order of 1984 which is pending immediately before the commencement of the repeal of that Article.

3.  Nothing in this Order affects any application for an order under Schedule 1 to the Order of 1989 which is pending immediately before the commencement of the repeal of that Schedule.

Existing orders

4.—(1) In this paragraph an “existing order” means any order under Article 18 or 21 of the Order of 1980 or Article 4 or 13 of the Order of 1984 which—

(a)is in force immediately before the commencement of the repeal of that Article; or

(b)was made or granted after that commencement in proceedings brought before that commencement.

(2) Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) and (4), nothing in this Order prevents an existing order from remaining in force or affects the enforcement of such an order.

(3) Nothing in this Order affects any application to vary or discharge an existing order, but the court may, if it thinks it is just and reasonable to do so, treat the application as an application for an order under this Order.

(4) The making of an order under this Order between parties with respect to whom an existing order is in force discharges the existing order.

Matrimonial home rights, etc.

5.—(1) Any reference (however expressed) in any statutory provision or any other instrument or document (whether that provision, instrument or document is passed or made before, on, or after the date on which this Order is made) to rights of occupation under, or within the meaning of, Part II of the Order of 1984 shall be construed, so far as is required for continuing the effect of the instrument or document, as being or as the case requires including a reference to matrimonial home rights under, or within the meaning of, this Order.

(2) Any reference (however expressed) in any statutory provision (including this Order and any statutory provision amended by Schedule 3) or any other instrument or document to matrimonial home rights under, or within the meaning of, this Order shall be construed as including, in relation to times, circumstances and purposes before the commencement of Articles 4 to 10, a reference to rights of occupation under, or within the meaning of, the Order of 1984.

6.—(1) Any reference (however expressed) in any statutory provision or any other instrument or document (whether that provision, instrument or document is passed or made before, on or after the date on which this Order is made) to registration under the Order of 1980 or 1984 shall, in relation to any time after the commencement of Schedule 1 or as the case requires Articles 4 to 10, be construed as being or as the case requires including a reference to registration under this Order.

(2) Any reference (however expressed) in any statutory provision (including this Order and any statutory provision amended by Schedule 3) or any other instrument or document to registration under this Order shall be construed as including a reference to registration under the Order of 1980 or, as the case may require, 1984.

7.  In Articles 4 to 9—

(a)any reference to an order made under Article 11 shall be construed as including a reference to an order made under Article 4 of the Order of 1984; and

(b)any reference to an order made under Article 11(5) shall be construed as including a reference to an order made under Article 4 of the Order of 1984 by virtue of Article 5(4) of that Order.

8.  Nothing in this Schedule shall be taken to prejudice the operation of sections 28 and 29 of the [1954 c. 33 (N.I.).] Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954.

Article 41(3).

SCHEDULE 5REPEALS

NumberShort titleExtent of repeal
1976 NI 12.The Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976.In Schedule 1A, in paragraph 39, sub-paragraph (d).
1980 NI 5.The Domestic Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1980

In Article 2(2)—

(a)

in the definition of “child of the family”, the words from “and for the purposes” to the end;

(b)

the definitions of “exclusion order” and “personal protection order”;

(c)

in the definition of “the respondent”, the words from “or, in relation” to the end.

Articles 18, 19 and 21.
Article 30(1A).

In Article 31—

(a)

in paragraph (1), the words from “or an interim personal” to the end;

(b)

in paragraph (2), the words “or against a personal protection order or exclusion order”.

In Article 33(3), sub-paragraph (c) and the immediately preceding “or”.
Schedule 1.
In Schedule 3, paragraph 12.
1981 NI 8.The Legal Aid, Advice and Assistance (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.In Schedule 1, in Part I, in paragraph 3(b), the word “or” in the second place where it occurs.
1981 NI 26.The Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.In Schedule 6, paragraph 153.
1984 NI 14.The Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.Article 1(3).
Part II.
Article 20.
In Schedule 2, in Part I, paragraphs 3 and 5(1) and (2).
1989 NI 4.The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.Article 41.
Schedule 1.
1989 NI 11.The Limitation (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.In Schedule 3, paragraphs 13 and 17.
1993 NI 6.The Family Law (Northern Ireland) Order 1993.Article 14.
1995 NI 2.The Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995.In Article 8(4), sub-paragraph (d).
1995 NI 20.The Polygamous Marriages (Northern Ireland) Order 1995.In the Schedule, paragraph 2.
1997 NI 9.The Protection from Harassment (Northern Ireland) Order 1997.Article 4(3).

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