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Planning Act (Northern Ireland) 2011

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N.I.

Planning Act (Northern Ireland) 2011

2011 CHAPTER 25

An Act to make provision in relation to planning; and for connected purposes.

[4th May 2011]

BE IT ENACTED by being passed by the Northern Ireland Assembly and assented to by Her Majesty as follows:

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act power to make supplementary and transitional provisions conferred (20.5.2014) by Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 2014 (c. 8), ss. 124(1)(c), 129 (with s. 124(4)); S.R. 2014/142, art. 2(c)

Part 1N.I.Functions of Department of the Environment with respect to development of land

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

General functions of Department with respect to development of landN.I.

1—(1) The Department must formulate and co-ordinate policy for securing the orderly and consistent development of land and the planning of that development.

(2) The Department must—

(a)ensure that any such policy is in general conformity with the regional development strategy;

(b)exercise its functions under subsection (1) with the objective of furthering sustainable development and promoting or improving well-being.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(b) the Department must take account of—

(a)policies and guidance issued by—

(i)the Department for Regional Development;

(ii)the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister;

(b)any other matter which appears to it to be relevant.

(4) The Department may undertake, or cause to be undertaken, such surveys or studies as it may consider necessary, including surveys or studies relating to any of the following matters—

(a)the physical, economic, social and environmental characteristics of any area, including the purposes for which land is used;

(b)the size, composition and distribution of the population of an area;

(c)the communications, transport system and traffic of an area;

(d)any changes in relation to the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) and the effect which the changes are likely to have on the development of Northern Ireland or any part of Northern Ireland or the planning of that development.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I2S. 1 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Preparation of statement of community involvement by DepartmentN.I.

2—(1) The Department must prepare and publish a statement of community involvement.

(2) The statement of community involvement is a statement of the Department's policy as to the involvement in the exercise of the Department's functions under Part 3 of persons who appear to the Department to have an interest in matters relating to development.

(3) The Department must prepare and publish a statement of community involvement within the period of one year from the day appointed for the coming into operation of this section.

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Commencement Information

I3S. 2 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I4S. 2 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Part 2N.I.Local development plans

GeneralN.I.

Survey of districtN.I.

3—(1) A council must keep under review the matters which may be expected to affect the development of its district or the planning of that development.

(2) Those matters include—

(a)the principal physical, economic, social and environmental characteristics of the council's district;

(b)the principal purposes for which land is used in the district;

(c)the size, composition and distribution of the population of the district;

(d)the communications, transport system and traffic of the district;

(e)any other considerations which may be expected to affect those matters;

(f)such other matters as may be prescribed or as the Department (in a particular case) may direct.

(3) The matters also include—

(a)the potential impact of climate change;

(b)any changes which the council thinks may occur in relation to any other matter;

(c)the effect such changes are likely to have on the development of the council's district or on the planning of such development.

(4) A council may also keep under review and examine the matters mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) in relation to any neighbouring district to the extent that those matters may be expected to affect the district of the council.

(5) In exercising a function under subsection (4) a council must consult with the council for the neighbouring district in question.

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Commencement Information

I5S. 3 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I6S. 3 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Statement of community involvementN.I.

4—(1) A council must prepare a statement of community involvement.

(2) The statement of community involvement is a statement of the council's policy as to the involvement in the exercise of the council's functions under this Part and Part 3 of persons who appear to the council to have an interest in matters relating to development in its district.

(3) The council and the Department must attempt to agree the terms of the statement of community involvement.

(4) But to the extent that the council and the Department cannot agree the terms of the statement of community involvement the Department may direct that the statement must be in the terms specified in the direction.

(5) The council must comply with the direction.

(6) The Department may prescribe—

(a)the procedure in respect of the preparation of the statement of community involvement;

(b)the form and content of the statement;

(c)publicity about the statement;

(d)making the statement available for inspection by the public;

(e)the manner in which—

(i)representations may be made in relation to any matter to be included in the statement; and

(ii)those representations are to be considered;

(f)circumstances in which the requirements of the statement need not be complied with.

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Commencement Information

I7S. 4 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I8S. 4 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Sustainable developmentN.I.

5—(1) Any person who exercises any function under this Part must exercise that function with the objective of furthering sustainable development.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) the person must take account of—

(a)policies and guidance issued by—

(i)the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister;

F1(ii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(iii) the Department of Regional Development;

(b)any matters which appear to that person to be relevant.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I9S. 5 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I10S. 5 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Local development plansN.I.

Local development planN.I.

6—(1) Any reference—

(a)to a local development plan in this Act and in any other statutory provision relating to planning; and

(b)to a development plan in any statutory provision relating to planning,

is to be construed as a reference to the development plan documents (taken together) which have been adopted by the council or approved by the Department in accordance with section 16(6).

(2) In this Part the development plan documents are—

(a)the plan strategy;

(b)the local policies plan.

(3) If to any extent a policy contained in a local development plan conflicts with another policy in that plan the conflict must be resolved in favour of the policy which is contained in the last development plan document to be adopted or, as the case may be, approved.

(4) Where, in making any determination under this Act, regard is to be had to the local development plan, the determination must be made in accordance with the plan unless material considerations indicate otherwise.

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Commencement Information

I11S. 6 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I12S. 6 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Preparation of timetableN.I.

7—(1) A council must prepare, and keep under review a timetable for the preparation and adoption of the council's local development plan.

(2) The council and the Department must attempt to agree the terms of the timetable mentioned in subsection (1).

(3) But to the extent that the Department and the council cannot agree the terms the Department may direct that the timetable must be in the terms specified in the direction.

(4) The council must comply with the direction.

(5) The Department may prescribe—

(a)the procedure in respect of the preparation of the timetable mentioned in subsection (1);

(b)the form and content of the timetable;

(c)the time at which any step in the preparation of the timetable must be taken;

(d)publicity about the timetable;

(e)making the timetable available for inspection by the public;

(f)circumstances in which the requirements of the timetable need not be complied with.

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Commencement Information

I13S. 7 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I14S. 7 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Plan strategyN.I.

8—(1) A council must prepare a plan for its district (to be known as a plan strategy).

(2) A plan strategy must set out—

(a)the council's objectives in relation to the development and use of land in its district;

(b)its strategic policies for the implementation of those objectives; and

(c)such other matters as may be prescribed.

(3) Regulations under this section may prescribe the form and content of the plan strategy.

(4) A plan strategy must be prepared in accordance with—

(a)the timetable set out in section 7(1);

(b)the council's statement of community involvement.

(5) In preparing a plan strategy, the council must take account of—

(a)the regional development strategy;

[F2(aa)the council's current community plan;]

(b)any policy or advice contained in guidance issued by the Department;

(c)such other matters as the Department may prescribe or, in a particular case, direct,

and may have regard to such other information and considerations as appear to the council to be relevant.

(6) The council must also—

(a)carry out an appraisal of the sustainability of the plan strategy;

(b)prepare a report of the findings of the appraisal.

(7) A plan strategy is a plan strategy only if it is—

(a)adopted by resolution of the council; or

(b)approved by the Department in accordance with section 16(6).

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I15S. 8 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I16S. 8 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Local policies planN.I.

9—(1) A council must, after the plan strategy for its district has been adopted by resolution of the council or, as the case may be, approved by the Department, prepare a plan for its district (to be known as a local policies plan).

(2) The local policies plan must set out—

(a)the council's policies in relation to the development and use of land in its district; and

(b)such other matters as may be prescribed.

(3) Regulations under this section may prescribe the form and content of the local policies plan.

(4) The local policies plan must be prepared in accordance with—

(a)the timetable set out in section 7(1);

(b)the council's statement of community involvement.

(5) The council's local policies plan must be consistent with the council's plan strategy.

(6) In preparing the local policies plan, the council must take account of—

(a)the regional development strategy;

[F3(aa)the council's current community plan;]

(b)any policy or advice contained in guidance issued by the Department;

(c)such other matters as the Department may prescribe or, in a particular case, direct,

and may have regard to such other information and considerations as appear to the council to be relevant.

(7) The council must also—

(a)carry out an appraisal of the sustainability of the local policies plan;

(b)prepare a report of the findings of the appraisal.

(8) A local policies plan is a local policies plan only if it is—

(a)adopted by resolution of the council; or

(b)approved by the Department in accordance with section 16(6).

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I17S. 9 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I18S. 9 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Independent examinationN.I.

10—(1) The council must submit every development plan document to the Department for independent examination.

(2) But the council must not submit such a document unless—

(a)it has complied with any relevant requirements contained in regulations under this Part, and

(b)it thinks the document is ready for independent examination.

(3) The council must also send to the Department (in addition to the development plan document) such other documents (or copies of documents) and such information as is prescribed.

(4) The Department must, unless it intends to make a direction under section 11(2) or 15(1), cause an independent examination to be carried out by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department.

(5) The Department must not appoint a person under subsection (4)(b) unless, having regard to the timetable prepared by the council under section 7(1), the Department considers it expedient to do so.

(6) The purpose of an independent examination is to determine in respect of the development plan document—

(a)whether it satisfies the requirements of sections 7 and 8 or, as the case may be, sections 7 and 9, and any regulations under section 22 relating to the preparation of development plan documents;

(b)whether it is sound.

(7) Any person who makes representations seeking to change a development plan document must (if that person so requests) be given the opportunity to appear before and be heard by the person carrying out the examination.

(8) The person appointed to carry out the examination must—

(a)make recommendations;

(b)give reasons for the recommendations.

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Commencement Information

I19S. 10 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I20S. 10 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Withdrawal of development plan documentsN.I.

11—(1) A council may, in such manner as may be prescribed, at any time before a development plan document is submitted to the Department under section 10(1), withdraw the document.

(2) The Department may, at any time after the development plan document has been submitted to it under section 10(1), direct the council to withdraw the document.

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Commencement Information

I21S. 11 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I22S. 11 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

AdoptionN.I.

12—(1) The Department must consider the recommendations made under section 10(8) and direct the council to—

(a)adopt the development plan document as originally prepared;

(b)adopt the development plan document with such modifications as may be specified in the direction; or

(c)withdraw the development plan document.

(2) The Department must give reasons for a direction given under subsection (1).

(3) The council must comply with a direction given under subsection (1) within such time as may be prescribed.

(4) For the purposes of this section, a development plan document is adopted by resolution of the council.

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Commencement Information

I23S. 12 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I24S. 12 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Review of local development planN.I.

13—(1) A council must carry out a review of its local development plan at such times as the Department may prescribe.

(2) The council must report to the Department on the findings of its review.

(3) A review must—

(a)be in such form as may be prescribed; and

(b)be published in accordance with such requirements as may be prescribed.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I25S. 13 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I26S. 13 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Revision of plan strategy or local policies planN.I.

14—(1) The council may at any time prepare a revision of—

(a)its plan strategy; or

(b)its local policies plan.

(2) The council must prepare a revision of its plan strategy or its local policies plan—

(a)at such times and in such manner as may be prescribed;

(b)if, following a review under section 13, it thinks that the plan strategy or the local policies plan should be revised;

(c)if the Department directs the council to do so.

(3) This Part applies to the revision of a plan strategy or a local policies plan as it applies to the preparation of a plan strategy or, as the case may be, a local policies plan.

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Commencement Information

I27S. 14 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I28S. 14 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Intervention by DepartmentN.I.

15—(1) If the Department thinks that a development plan document is unsatisfactory it may, at any time before the document is adopted under section 12 direct the council to modify the document in accordance with the direction.

(2) If the Department gives a direction under subsection (1) it must state its reasons for doing so.

(3) The council must comply with a direction given under subsection (1).

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Commencement Information

I29S. 15 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I30S. 15 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Department's default powersN.I.

16—(1) This section applies if the Department thinks that a council is failing or omitting to do anything it is necessary for it to do in connection with the preparation or revision of a development plan document.

(2) The Department may—

(a)prepare the document; or

(b)revise the document.

(3) The Department must give reasons for anything it does in pursuance of subsection (2).

(4) The Department must cause an independent examination to be carried out by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department,

and section 10(5) to (8) applies accordingly.

(5) The Department must publish the recommendations and reasons of the person appointed to hold the examination.

(6) The Department must consider recommendations made in accordance with section 10(8) (as applied by subsection (4) of this section) and may approve the document with or without modification.

(7) The council must reimburse the Department for any expenditure the Department incurs in connection with anything—

(a)which is done by it under subsection (2), and

(b)which the council failed or omitted to do as mentioned in subsection (1).

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Commencement Information

I31S. 16 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I32S. 16 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Joint plansN.I.

17—(1) Two or more councils may agree to prepare—

(a)a joint plan strategy; or

(b)a joint plan strategy and joint local policies plan.

(2) This Part applies for the purposes of any step which may be or is required to be taken in relation to a joint plan strategy or a joint local policies plan as it applies for the purposes of any step which may be or is required to be taken in relation to a plan strategy or local policies plan.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) anything which must be done by or in relation to a council in connection with a plan strategy or a local policies plan must be done by or in relation to each of the councils mentioned in subsection (1) in connection with a joint plan strategy or local policies plan.

(4) Subsections (5) to (7) apply if a council withdraws from an agreement mentioned in subsection (1).

(5) Any step taken in relation to the joint plan strategy or joint local policies plan must be treated as a step taken by—

(a)a council which was a party to the agreement for the purposes of any corresponding plan strategy or corresponding local policies plan prepared by it;

(b)two or more other councils who were parties to the agreement for the purposes of any corresponding joint plan strategy or corresponding joint local policies plan.

(6) Any independent examination of a plan strategy or a local policies plan to which the agreement relates must be suspended.

(7) If before the end of the period prescribed for the purposes of this subsection a council which was a party to the agreement requests the Department in writing to do so the Department may direct that—

(a)the examination is resumed in relation to the corresponding plan strategy or corresponding local policies plan;

(b)any step taken for the purposes of the suspended examination has effect for the purposes of the resumed examination.

(8) In this section and in section 18—

(a)a joint plan strategy is a plan strategy prepared jointly by two or more councils;

(b)a joint local policies plan is a local policies plan prepared jointly by two or more councils.

(9) The Department may by regulations make provision as to what is—

(a)a corresponding plan strategy;

(b)a corresponding local policies plan.

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Commencement Information

I33S. 17 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I34S. 17 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Power of Department to direct councils to prepare joint plansN.I.

18—(1) The Department may direct two or more councils to prepare—

(a)a joint plan strategy; or

(b)a joint plan strategy and joint local policies plan.

(2) A direction given by the Department under subsection (1) may relate to the whole or part of the councils' districts.

(3) A council must comply with a direction given by the Department under subsection (1).

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Commencement Information

I35S. 18 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I36S. 18 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Exclusion of certain representationsN.I.

19—(1) This section applies to any representation or objection in respect of anything which is done or is proposed to be done in pursuance of—

(a)an order, or proposed order, under section 1 of the New Towns Act (Northern Ireland) 1965 (c. 13);

(b)a redevelopment scheme prepared and submitted under Article 48 of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (NI 3);

(c)the preparation of, or adoption of, a development scheme under Part 7 of the Planning (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 (NI 11);

(d)an order under Article 14 or 15 of the Roads (Northern Ireland) Order 1993 (NI 15);

(e)a simplified planning zone scheme;

(f)an enterprise zone scheme.

(2) If a council, or a person appointed by the Department to carry out an independent examination under this Part, or the planning appeals commission thinks that a representation made in relation to a development plan document is in substance a representation or objection to which this section applies, the council, person or commission (as the case may be) may disregard it.

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Commencement Information

I37S. 19 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I38S. 19 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

GuidanceN.I.

20  In the exercise of any function conferred under or by virtue of this Part, the council must have regard to any guidance issued by—

(a)the Department;

(b)the Department for Regional Development;

(c)the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister.

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Commencement Information

I39S. 20 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I40S. 20 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Annual monitoring reportN.I.

21—(1) Every council must make an annual report to the Department.

(2) The annual report must contain such information as is prescribed as to the extent to which the objectives set out in the local development plan are being achieved.

(3) The annual report must—

(a)be made at such time as may be prescribed;

(b)be in such form as may be prescribed;

(c)contain such other matter as may be prescribed.

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Commencement Information

I41S. 21 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I42S. 21 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

RegulationsN.I.

22—(1) The Department may by regulations make provision in connection with the exercise by any person of functions under this Part.

(2) The regulations may in particular make provision as to—

(a)the procedure to be followed by the council in carrying out an appraisal under section 8(6) or 9(7);

(b)the procedure to be followed in the preparation of development plan documents;

(c)requirements about the giving of notice and publicity;

(d)requirements about inspection by the public of a development plan document or any other document;

(e)the nature and extent of consultation with and participation by the public in anything done under this Part;

(f)the making of representations about any matter to be included in a development plan document;

(g)consideration of any such representations;

(h)the determination of the time at which anything must be done for the purposes of this Part;

(i)the manner of publication of any draft, report or other document published under this Part;

(j)monitoring the exercise by councils of their functions under this Part.

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Commencement Information

I43S. 22 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I44S. 22 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Part 3N.I.Planning control

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Pt. 3 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning General Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/39), regs. 1(1), 2 (with regs. 3-10)

“Development” and requirement of planning permissionN.I.

Meaning of “development”N.I.

23—(1) In this Act, subject to subsections (2) to (6), “development” means the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land.

(2) For the purposes of this Act “building operations” includes—

(a)demolition of buildings;

(b)rebuilding;

(c)structural alteration of or addition to buildings; and

(d)other operations normally undertaken by a person carrying on business as a builder.

(3) The following operations or uses of land shall not be taken for the purposes of this Act to involve development of the land—

(a)the carrying out of works for the maintenance, improvement or other alteration of any building, being works which affect only the interior of the building or which do not materially affect the external appearance of the building;

(b)the carrying out by a council or statutory undertaker of any works for the purpose of inspecting, repairing or renewing any sewers, mains, pipes, cables or other apparatus, including the breaking open of any street or other land for that purpose;

(c)the use of any buildings or other land within the curtilage of a dwelling-house for any purpose incidental to the enjoyment of the dwelling-house as such;

(d)the use of any land for the purposes of agriculture or forestry and the use for any of those purposes of any building occupied together with land so used;

(e)in the case of buildings or other land which are used for a purpose of any class specified in an order made by the Department for the purpose of this section, the use of the buildings or other land or, subject to the provisions of the order, of any part thereof for any other purpose of the same class;

(f)the demolition of any description of building specified in a direction given by the Department to councils generally or to a particular council;

(g)a structural alteration of any description of building specified in a direction given by the Department to councils generally or to a particular council, where the alteration consists of demolishing part of the building.

(4) The Department may in a development order specify any circumstances or description of circumstances in which subsection (3) does not apply to operations mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection which have the effect of increasing the gross floor space of the building by such amount or percentage amount as is so specified.

(5) For the purposes of this section—

(a)the use as two or more separate dwelling-houses of any building previously used as a single dwelling-house involves a material change in the use of the building and of each part thereof which is so used;

(b)the deposit of refuse or waste material on land involves a material change in the use thereof, notwithstanding that the land is comprised in a site already used for that purpose, if either the superficial area of the deposit is thereby extended, or the height of the deposit is thereby extended and exceeds the level of the land adjoining the site.

(6) Without prejudice to any regulations made under this Act relating to the control of advertisements, a use for the display of advertisements of any external part of a building which is not normally used for that purpose shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as involving a material change in the use of that part of the building.

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Commencement Information

I45S. 23 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I46S. 23 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Development requiring planning permissionN.I.

24—(1) Subject to this Act, planning permission is required for the carrying out of any development of land.

(2) Where planning permission to develop land has been granted for a limited period, planning permission is not required for the resumption, at the end of that period, of its use for the purpose for which it was normally used before the permission was granted.

(3) Where by a development order planning permission to develop land has been granted subject to limitations, planning permission is not required for the use of that land which (apart from its use in accordance with that permission) is its normal use.

(4) Where an enforcement notice has been issued in respect of any development of land, planning permission is not required for its use for the purpose for which (in accordance with the provisions of this Part) it could lawfully have been used if that development had not been carried out.

(5) In determining for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3) what is or was the normal use of land, no account shall be taken of any use begun in contravention of this Part.

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Commencement Information

I47S. 24 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I48S. 24 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Development managementN.I.

Hierarchy of developmentsN.I.

25—(1) For the purposes of this Act, a development belongs to one of the following categories—

(a)the first, to be known as “major developments”; and

(b)the second, to be known as “local developments”.

(2) The Department must by regulations describe classes of development and assign each class to one of the categories mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1).

(3) But the Department may, as respects a particular local development, direct that the development is to be dealt with as if (instead of being a local development) it were a major development.

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Commencement Information

I49S. 25 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I50S. 25 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Department's jurisdiction in relation to developments of regional significanceN.I.

26—(1) A person who proposes to apply for permission for any major development (except a development to which section 213 applies) which is prescribed in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection (“the prospective applicant”) must, before complying with section 27, enter into consultations with the Department.

(2) The Department may make regulations prescribing the procedure to be followed in relation to consultations under this section.

(3) Without prejudice to any regulations made under subsection (2), the prospective applicant must, for the purpose of consultations under that subsection, supply to the Department sufficient information in relation to the proposed development to enable the Department to assess the proposed development.

(4) Where, following consultations under this section, the Department is of the opinion that the proposed development would, if carried out—

(a)be of significance to the whole or a substantial part of Northern Ireland or have significant effects outside Northern Ireland, or

(b)involve a substantial departure from the local development plan for the area to which it relates,

it must serve a notice in writing on the prospective applicant stating that the development is development to which this section applies.

(5) An application for planning permission for development to which this section applies must be made to the Department.

(6) Where, following consultations under this section, the Department is of the opinion that the proposed development would not, if carried out—

(a)be of significance to the whole or a substantial part of Northern Ireland or have significant effects outside Northern Ireland, or

(b)involve a substantial departure from the local development plan for the area to which it relates,

it must serve a notice in writing on the prospective applicant stating—

(i)that it is of that opinion; and

(ii)that the prospective applicant's application for planning permission, if it is proceeded with, must be made to the appropriate council.

(7) No application for planning permission in respect of a development specified in regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may be made to a council unless or until a notice is served under subsection (6) in relation to the development.

(8) The Department must serve a copy of a notice under subsection (4) or (6), as the case may be, on the appropriate council.

(9) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application for planning permission which is an application to which section 235 (national security) applies, the Department must, subject to any rules made under subsection (2) or (5) of that section, cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(10) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application for planning permission made to it, other than an application mentioned in subsection (9), the Department may cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(11) Where a public local inquiry is not held under subsection (10), the Department must, before determining the application, serve a notice in writing on the applicant and the appropriate council indicating the decision which it proposes to make on the application; and if within such period as may be specified in that behalf in the notice (not being less than 28 days from the date of service of the notice), the applicant or the council so requests in writing, the Department shall afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(12) In determining an application for planning permission made to it, the Department must, where any inquiry or hearing is held, take into account any report of the planning appeals commission or a person appointed by the Department for the purposes of the inquiry or hearing, as the case may be.

(13) The decision of the Department on an application for planning permission made to it shall be final.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I51S. 26 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I52S. 26 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Pre-application community consultationN.I.

27—(1) Before submitting an application for planning permission for a major development (except a development to which section 213 applies), the prospective applicant must comply with the following provisions of this section.

(2) The prospective applicant must give notice (to be known as a “proposal of application notice”) to the appropriate council that an application for planning permission for the development is to be submitted.

(3) A period of at least 12 weeks must elapse between giving the notice and submitting any such application.

(4) A proposal of application notice must be in such form, and have such content, as may be prescribed but must in any event contain—

(a)a description in general terms of the development to be carried out;

(b)if the site at which the development is to be carried out has a postal address, that address;

(c)a plan showing the outline of the site at which the development is to be carried out and sufficient to identify that site, and

(d)details as to how the prospective applicant may be contacted and corresponded with.

(5) Regulations may—

(a)require that the proposal of application notice be given to persons specified in the regulations,

(b)prescribe—

(i)the persons who are to be consulted as respects a proposed application, and

(ii)the form that consultation is to take.

(6) The council may, provided that it does so within the period of 21 days after receiving the proposal of application notice, notify the prospective applicant that it requires (either or both)—

(a)that the proposal of application notice be given to persons additional to those specified under subsection (5) (specifying in the notification who those persons are);

(b)that consultation additional to any required by virtue of subsection (5)(b) be undertaken as regards the proposed development (specifying in the notification what form that consultation is to take).

(7) In considering whether to give notification under subsection (6) the council is to have regard to the nature, extent and location of the proposed development and to the likely effects, at and in the vicinity of that location, of its being carried out.

(8) In the case of an application for planning permission to be made to the Department, this section has effect as if any reference to a council were a reference to the Department.

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Commencement Information

I53S. 27 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I54S. 27 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Pre-application community consultation reportN.I.

28—(1) A person who, before submitting an application for planning permission for a development, is required to comply with section 27 and who proceeds to submit that application is to prepare a report (a “pre-application community consultation report”) as to what has been done to effect such compliance.

(2) A pre-application community consultation report is to be in such form as may be prescribed.

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Commencement Information

I55S. 28 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I56S. 28 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Call in of applications, etc., to DepartmentN.I.

29—(1) The Department may give directions requiring applications for planning permission made to a council, or applications for the approval of a council of any matter required under a development order, to be referred to it instead of being dealt with by councils.

(2) A direction under subsection (1)—

(a)may be given either to a particular council or to councils generally; and

(b)may relate either to a particular application or to applications of a class specified in the direction.

(3) Where the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the Department of Justice has certified that an application for planning permission or an application for any approval under this Act or a development order is an application to which section 235 (national security) applies, the Department of the Environment must give a direction to the council to which the application was made requiring the application to be referred to the Department of the Environment instead of being dealt with by the council.

(4) Any application in respect of which a direction under this section has effect shall be referred to the Department accordingly.

(5) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application to which section 235 applies which has been referred to it under this section, the Department must, subject to any rules made under subsection (2) or (5) of that section, cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(6) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application referred to it under this section, other than an application mentioned in subsection (5), the Department may cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(7) Where a public local inquiry is not held under subsection (6), the Department must, before determining the application, serve a notice in writing on the applicant and the appropriate council indicating the decision which it proposes to make on the application; and if within such period as may be specified in that behalf in the notice (not being less than 28 days from the date of service of the notice), the applicant or the council so requests in writing, the Department shall afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(8) In determining an application for planning permission referred to it, the Department must, where any inquiry or hearing is held, take into account any report of the planning appeals commission or a person appointed by the Department for the purposes of the inquiry or hearing, as the case may be.

(9) The decision of the Department on an application for planning permission referred to it shall be final.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I57S. 29 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I58S. 29 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Pre-determination hearingsN.I.

30—(1) Regulations or a development order may provide that, before determining an application for planning permission for a development of a class prescribed in the regulations or specified in the order, a council is to give the applicant and any person so prescribed or specified an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a committee of the council.

(2) The procedures in accordance with which any such hearing is arranged and conducted (including, without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, procedures for ensuring relevance and avoiding repetition) and any other procedures consequent upon the hearing are to be such as the council considers appropriate.

(3) Any right of attendance at the hearing (other than for the purpose of appearing before and being heard by the committee) is to be such as the council considers appropriate.

(4) In relation to an application other than is provided for in regulations or a development order under subsection (1), a council may elect to give the applicant and any other person an opportunity such as is mentioned in that subsection; and if the council does so elect, subsections (2) and (3) apply accordingly.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I59S. 30 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I60S. 30 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Local developments: schemes of delegationN.I.

31—(1) A council must—

(a)as soon as practicable after the coming into operation of this section, and thereafter—

(i)whenever required to do so by the Department; or

(ii)subject to sub-paragraph (i), at such intervals as may be provided for in regulations made under this section,

prepare a scheme (to be known as a “scheme of delegation”) by which any application for planning permission for a development within the category of local developments or any application for consent, agreement or approval required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission for a development within that category is to be determined by a person appointed by the council for the purposes of this section instead of by it, and

(b)keep under review the scheme so prepared.

(2) The determination of any person so appointed is to be treated as that of the council.

(3) Without prejudice to subsection (1)(a)(ii), regulations under this section may make provision as to—

(a)the form and content of,

(b)the procedures for preparing and adopting, and

(c)the requirement to publish,

a scheme of delegation.

(4) Where an application for planning permission falls to be determined by a person so appointed, sections 41(3), 42, 45, 46, 48, 52(1) and (2), 54, 58 and 60 apply, with any necessary modifications, as they apply to an application which falls to be determined by the council.

(5) The council may, if it thinks fit, decide to determine an application itself which would otherwise fall to be determined by a person so appointed.

(6) Any such decision must include a statement of the reasons for which it has been taken; and a copy of the decision is to be served on the applicant.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I61S. 31 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I62S. 31 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Development ordersN.I.

Development ordersN.I.

32—(1) The Department must by order (in this Act referred to as a “development order”) provide for the grant of planning permission.

(2) A development order may either—

(a)itself grant planning permission for development specified in the order or for development of any class so specified; or

(b)in respect of development for which planning permission is not granted by the order itself, provide for the grant of planning permission by a council (or, in the cases provided for elsewhere in this Act, the Department) on an application made to the council or, as the case may be, the Department, in accordance with the order.

(3) A development order may be made either—

(a)as a general order applicable, except so far as the order otherwise provides, to all land, but which may make different provision with respect to different descriptions of land; or

(b)as a special order applicable only to such land or descriptions of land as may be specified in the order.

(4) Planning permission granted by a development order may be granted either unconditionally or subject to such conditions or limitations as may be specified in the order.

(5) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (4), where planning permission is granted by a development order for development of a specified class, the order may enable a council or the Department to direct that the permission shall not apply either in relation to development in a particular area or in relation to any particular development.

(6) Any provision of a development order whereby permission is granted for the use of land for any purpose on a limited number of days in a period specified in that provision shall (without prejudice to the generality of other references in this Act to limitations) be taken to be a provision granting permission for the use of land for any purpose subject to the limitation that the land shall not be used for any one purpose in pursuance of that provision on more than that number of days in that period.

(7) For the purpose of enabling development to be carried out in accordance with planning permission, or otherwise for the purpose of promoting proper development in accordance with a local development plan, a development order may direct that any statutory provision in relation to any development specified under the order—

(a)shall not apply to any development specified in the order; or

(b)shall apply to it subject to such modifications as may be so specified.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I63S. 32 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I64S. 32 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Simplified planning zone schemesN.I.

Simplified planning zonesN.I.

33—(1) A simplified planning zone is an area in respect of which a simplified planning zone scheme is in force.

(2) The adoption or approval of a simplified planning zone scheme has effect to grant in relation to the zone, or any part of it specified in the scheme, planning permission for development specified in the scheme or for development of any class so specified.

(3) Planning permission under a simplified planning zone scheme may be unconditional or subject to such conditions, limitations or exceptions as may be specified in the scheme.

(4) A simplified planning zone scheme shall consist of a map and a written statement, and such diagrams, illustrations and descriptive matter as the council for the district within which the zone is located thinks appropriate for explaining or illustrating the provisions of the scheme, and must specify—

(a)the development or classes of development permitted by the scheme;

(b)the land in relation to which permission is granted; and

(c)any conditions, limitations or exceptions subject to which it is granted;

and must contain such other matters as may be prescribed.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I65S. 33 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I66S. 33 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Making and alteration of simplified planning zone schemesN.I.

34—(1) A council may at any time make a simplified planning zone scheme in respect of any area within its district.

(2) A council may at any time alter—

(a)a simplified planning zone scheme adopted by it; or

(b)with the consent of the Department, a simplified planning zone scheme approved by the Department.

(3) In exercising its functions under subsection (1) or (2), the council must take account of—

(a)the regional development strategy;

(b)any policy or advice contained in guidance issued by the Department;

(c)such other matters as the Department may prescribe or, in a particular case, direct.

(4) Schedule 1 has effect with respect to the making and alteration of simplified planning zone schemes and other related matters.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I67S. 34 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I68S. 34 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Simplified planning zone schemes: conditions and limitations on planning permissionN.I.

35—(1) The conditions and limitations on planning permission which may be specified in a simplified planning zone scheme may include—

(a)conditions or limitations in respect of all development permitted by the scheme or in respect of particular descriptions of development so permitted; and

(b)conditions or limitations requiring the consent, agreement or approval of the council in relation to particular descriptions of permitted development;

and different conditions or limitations may be specified for different cases or classes of case.

(2) Nothing in a simplified planning zone scheme shall affect the right of any person—

(a)to do anything not amounting to development; or

(b)to carry out development for which planning permission is not required or for which permission has been granted otherwise than by the scheme;

and no limitation or restriction subject to which permission has been granted otherwise than under the scheme shall affect the right of any person to carry out development for which permission has been granted under the scheme.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I69S. 35 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I70S. 35 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Duration of simplified planning zone schemeN.I.

36—(1) A simplified planning zone scheme shall take effect on the date of its adoption or approval and shall cease to have effect at the end of the period of 10 years beginning with that date.

(2) Upon the scheme's ceasing to have effect, planning permission under the scheme shall also cease to have effect except in a case where the development authorised by it has been begun.

(3) The provisions of section 64(2) to (6) and sections 65 and 66 apply to planning permission under a simplified planning zone scheme where development has been begun but not completed by the time the area ceases to be a simplified planning zone.

(4) The provisions of section 63(2) apply in determining for the purposes of this section when development shall be taken to be begun.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I71S. 36 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I72S. 36 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Alteration of simplified planning zone schemeN.I.

37—(1) The adoption of alterations to a simplified planning zone scheme has effect as follows.

(2) The adoption of alterations providing for the inclusion of land in the simplified planning zone has effect to grant in relation to that land or such part of it as is specified in the scheme planning permission for development so specified or of any class so specified.

(3) The adoption of alterations providing for the grant of planning permission has effect to grant such permission in relation to the simplified planning zone, or such part of it as is specified in the scheme, for development so specified or development of any class so specified.

(4) The adoption of alterations providing for the withdrawal or relaxation of conditions, limitations or restrictions to which planning permission under the scheme is subject has effect to withdraw or relax the conditions, limitations or restrictions forthwith.

(5) The adoption of alterations providing for—

(a)the exclusion of land from the simplified planning zone;

(b)the withdrawal of planning permission; or

(c)the imposition of new or more stringent conditions, limitations or restrictions to which planning permission under the scheme is subject,

has effect to withdraw permission, or to impose the conditions, limitations or restrictions, with effect from the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the date of the adoption.

(6) The adoption of alterations to a scheme does not affect planning permission under the scheme in any case where the development authorised by it has been begun before the adoption of alterations has effect; and the provisions of section 63(2) apply in determining for the purposes of this subsection when development shall be taken to be begun.

(7) This section applies to the approval of alterations to a simplified planning zone by the Department as it applies to the adoption of such alterations by a council.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I73S. 37 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I74S. 37 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Exclusion of certain descriptions of land or developmentN.I.

38—(1) The following descriptions of land may not be included in a simplified planning zone—

(a)land in a conservation area;

(b)land in an area which is—

(i)designated as a National Park under Article 12 of the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 (NI 1);

(ii)designated as an area of outstanding natural beauty under Article 14 of that Order;

(iii)declared to be an area of special scientific interest under Article 28 of the Environment (Northern Ireland) Order 2002 (NI 7);

(c)land declared to be a national nature reserve under Article 18 of the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (Northern Ireland) Order 1985;

(d)land of such other description as may be prescribed.

(2) Where land included in a simplified planning zone becomes land of such a description, subsection (1) does not have effect to exclude it from the zone.

(3) The Department may by order provide that no simplified planning zone scheme shall have effect to grant planning permission—

(a)in relation to an area of land specified in the order or to areas of land of a description so specified; or

(b)for development of a description specified in the order.

(4) An order under subsection (3) has effect to withdraw such planning permission under a simplified planning zone scheme already in force with effect from the date on which the order comes into force, except in a case where the development authorised by the permission has been begun before that date; and the provisions of section 63(2) apply in determining for the purposes of this subsection when development shall be taken to be begun.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I75S. 38 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I76S. 38 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Grant of planning permission in enterprise zonesN.I.

Grant of planning permission in enterprise zonesN.I.

39—(1) An order designating an enterprise zone under the 1981 Order shall (without more) have effect on the effective date to grant planning permission for development specified in the scheme or for development of any class so specified.

(2) The adoption of a modified scheme under Article 4 of the 1981 Order (as applied by Article 10(2) of that Order) shall (without more) have effect on the effective date of modification to grant planning permission for development specified in the modified scheme or for development of any class so specified.

(3) Planning permission granted by virtue of this section shall be subject to such conditions or limitations as may be specified in the scheme or modified scheme or (if none are specified) unconditional.

(4) Where planning permission is so granted for any development or class of development, the Department may direct that the permission shall not apply in relation to—

(a)a specified development; or

(b)a specified class of development; or

(c)a specified class of development in a specified area within the enterprise zone.

(5) If the scheme or the modified scheme specifies matters, in relation to any development it permits, which will require approval by the Department, the permission shall have effect accordingly.

(6) The Department may by regulations make provision—

(a)as to the procedure for giving a direction under subsection (4);

(b)as to the method and procedure relating to the approval of matters specified in a scheme or modified scheme as mentioned in subsection (5),

and such regulations may modify any provision of this Act other than this section.

(7) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (6), planning permission may be granted under any other provision of this Part in relation to land in an enterprise zone (whether the permission is granted in pursuance of an application made under this Part or by a development order).

(8) Modifications to a scheme do not affect planning permission under the scheme in any case where the development authorised by it has been begun before the effective date of modification.

(9) Upon an area ceasing to be an enterprise zone planning permission under the scheme shall cease to have effect except in a case where the development authorised by it has been begun.

(10) Section 64(2) to (6) and sections 65 and 66 shall apply to planning permission under the scheme where development has been begun but not completed by the time the area ceases to be an enterprise zone.

(11) Section 63(2) shall apply in determining for the purposes of this section when development shall be taken to be begun.

(12) Nothing in this section prejudices the right of any person to carry out development apart from this section.

(13) In this section “the 1981 Order” means the Enterprise Zones (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (NI 15) and other expressions used in this section and in that Order have the same meaning in this section as in that Order.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I77S. 39 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I78S. 39 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Planning applicationsN.I.

Form and content of applicationsN.I.

40—(1) Any application for planning permission—

(a)must be made in such form and in such manner as may be specified by a development order;

(b)must include such particulars, and be verified by such evidence, as may be required by a development order or by any directions given by a council or the Department under such an order.

(2) A direction under subsection (1)(b) must not be inconsistent with the development order.

(3) A development order must require an application for planning permission of such description as is specified in the order to be accompanied by such of the following as is so specified—

(a)a statement about the design principles and concepts that have been applied to the development;

(b)a statement about how issues relating to access to the development have been dealt with.

(4) The form and content of a statement mentioned in subsection (3) is such as is required by the development order.

(5) Subsection (1) shall apply to applications to a council or the Department for any consent, agreement or approval of the council or, as the case may be, the Department required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission as that subsection applies to applications for planning permission.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 40 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Trees) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/84), regs. 1(1), 2, Sch. (with reg. 11(7))

Commencement Information

I79S. 40 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I80S. 40 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Notice, etc., of applications for planning permissionN.I.

41—(1) A development order may make provision requiring notice to be given of any application for planning permission and provide for publicising such applications and for the form, content and service of such notices.

(2) A development order may require an applicant for planning permission to provide evidence that any requirements of the order have been satisfied.

(3) An application for planning permission must not be entertained by a council or the Department unless any requirements imposed by virtue of this section have been satisfied.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I81S. 41 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I82S. 41 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Notification of applications to certain personsN.I.

42—(1) Subject to subsection (2), a council or, as the case may be, the Department must not entertain an application for planning permission in relation to any land (in this section and in section 43 referred to as “the designated land”) unless it is accompanied by one or other of the following certificates, that is to say—

(a)a certificate stating that the application is made by or on behalf of a person who at the date of the application is in the actual possession of all the designated land, being a person entitled to one of the following estates in that land, namely—

(i)a legal or equitable fee simple absolute, a legal or equitable fee tail or a legal or equitable life estate;

(ii)a tenancy of which not less than 40 years of the term thereof remain unexpired;

(b)a certificate stating that the application is made by or on behalf of the trustees of a trust or settlement which affects all the designated land and that, at the date of the application—

(i)a beneficiary under the trust or settlement is in the actual possession of the designated land; and

(ii)no person other than a beneficiary under the trust or settlement is entitled to enter into the actual possession of the designated land within a period of 40 years;

(c)a certificate stating that the requisite notice of the application has been given by or on behalf of the applicant to each person who at the beginning of the period of 21 days ending with the date of the application, in relation to the designated land or any part thereof, fell into any of the following classes, namely—

(i)that that person was such a person as is described in paragraph (a) or (b);

(ii)that (not being such a person as is described in paragraph (a) or (b)) that person was in the actual possession of the designated land;

(iii)that (not being a person falling under sub-paragraph (i) or (ii)) that person was entitled to enter into the actual possession of the designated land within a period of 40 years;

(d)a certificate stating—

(i)that the applicant is unable to issue a certificate in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b); and

(ii)that the applicant has made due inquiries and is of the opinion, for the reasons specified in the certificate, that he or she is unable to issue a certificate which would satisfy the requirements of paragraph (c); and

(iii)that the applicant has given the requisite notice of the application to any person who, at the beginning of the period of 21 days ending with the date of the application, was in the actual possession of any part of the designated land.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an application for planning permission made—

(a)by the Northern Ireland Housing Executive in pursuance of a redevelopment scheme approved by the Department for Social Development or proposed by the Executive;

(b)by an electricity undertaker to place an electricity line above or below ground across any land;

(c)by a gas undertaker to lay pipes for the conveyance or supply of gas;

(d)by a water or sewerage undertaker to lay a main, sewer or pipe for the purposes of its functions under the Water and Sewerage Services (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 (NI 21).

(3) A certificate for the purposes of paragraph (c) or (d) of subsection (1) shall set out the names and postal addresses of the persons to whom the requisite notice was given in accordance with that paragraph and the date of service of the notice.

(4) Where an application for planning permission is accompanied by such a certificate as is mentioned in subsection (1)(c) or (d), the council or, as the case may be, the Department, must not determine the application before the end of the period of 14 days beginning with the date appearing from the certificate to be the latest of the dates of service of notices as mentioned in the certificate.

(5) Where a tenancy subsists in any land, and—

(a)it is necessary, for the purposes of this section, to determine whether a person is entitled to enter into the actual possession of that land; and

(b)by reason of any option or other contractual right with respect to the determination, renewal or continuance of the tenancy the date of expiry of the tenancy is not ascertainable with certainty;

that date shall be taken to be such as appears reasonable and probable having regard to the interests of the party by whom the option is exercisable, or in whose favour the right operates, and to any other material consideration.

(6) If any person—

(a)issues a certificate which purports to comply with the requirements of this section and which contains a statement which that person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)recklessly issues a certificate which purports to comply with those requirements and which contains a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular;

that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(7) Any certificate issued for the purposes of this section shall be in such form as may be specified in a development order; and any reference in this section to the requisite notice is a reference to a notice in the form so specified.

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Commencement Information

I83S. 42 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I84S. 42 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Notice requiring planning application to be madeN.I.

43—(1) Where it appears to a council that development has been carried out—

(a)without the grant of the planning permission required in that behalf in accordance with this Part; or

(b)without the grant of any approval of the council required in that behalf under a development order;

the council may issue a notice under this section requiring the making of an application for such planning permission or approval to the council within 28 days from the service of the notice.

(2) A notice under this section may be issued only within the period of 5 years from the date on which the development to which it relates was begun, and the provisions of section 63(2) apply in determining for the purpose of this section when development shall be taken to be begun.

(3) A notice under this section must specify the matters alleged to constitute the development to which the notice relates.

(4) A copy of a notice under this section must be served on the owner and on the occupier of the land to which it relates.

(5) Where a copy of a notice under this section has been served on any person referred to in subsection (4), then if the application referred to in the notice is not made to the council within the period allowed for compliance with the notice, that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6) If a person against whom proceedings are brought under subsection (5)—

(a)was, at the time when the copy of the notice under this section was served on that person, the owner of the land to which the notice relates; but

(b)has, at some time before the end of the period allowed for compliance with the notice, ceased to be the owner of that land,

that person shall, upon duly making a complaint and on giving to the prosecution not less than 3 days' notice of his or her intention, be entitled to have the person who then became the owner of the land (in subsection (7) referred to as the “subsequent owner”) brought before the court in the proceedings.

(7) If after it has been proved, in a case to which subsection (6) applies, that the application referred to in the notice under this section has not been made within the period allowed for compliance with the notice, the original defendant proves that the failure to make that application was attributable, in whole or in part, to the default of the subsequent owner—

(a)the subsequent owner may be convicted of the offence; and

(b)the original defendant, if that person further proves that all reasonable steps were taken to secure compliance with the notice, shall be acquitted of the offence.

(8) If, after a person has been convicted under subsections (5) to (7), the application referred to in the notice under this section is not made to the council, that person shall be guilty of a further offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one-tenth of level 3 on the standard scale for each day following the first conviction on which the offence continues.

(9) The council may, at any time before the end of the period allowed for compliance with a notice under this section, withdraw the notice.

(10) If it does so the council must as soon as is reasonably possible give notice of the withdrawal to every person who was served with a copy of the notice.

(11) Any reference in this section and section 44 to the period allowed for compliance with a notice under this section is a reference to the period mentioned in subsection (1) or such extended period as may be allowed by the council for compliance with the notice.

(12) For the purposes of this section an application to the council for any planning permission or approval shall not be taken to be made unless it is accompanied by the fee prescribed under section 223 in relation to that application.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I85S. 43 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I86S. 43 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Appeal against notice under section 43N.I.

44—(1) A person on whom a copy of a notice has been served under section 43 may, at any time before the end of the period allowed for compliance with that notice, appeal to the planning appeals commission against the notice.

(2) An appeal may be brought on any of the following grounds—

(a)that the matters alleged in the notice do not constitute development;

(b)that the development alleged in the notice has not taken place;

(c)that the period of 5 years referred to in section 43(2) had elapsed at the date when the notice was issued.

(3) An appeal under this section must be made by notice in writing to the planning appeals commission and such notice shall indicate the grounds of the appeal and state the facts on which it is based.

(4) Before determining an appeal under this section, the planning appeals commission must, if either the appellant or the council so desires, afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the commission.

(5) Where an appeal is brought under this section the notice shall be of no effect pending the final determination or the withdrawal of the appeal.

(6) On an appeal under this section the planning appeals commission—

(a)must quash the notice, vary the terms of the notice or uphold the notice;

(b)may correct any informality, defect or error in the notice, or vary its terms, if it is satisfied that the correction or variation can be made without injustice to the appellant or to the council.

(7) The validity of a notice under section 43 shall not, except by way of an appeal under this section, be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever on any of the grounds on which such an appeal may be brought.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I87S. 44 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I88S. 44 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Determination of planning applicationsN.I.

Determination of planning applicationsN.I.

45—(1) Subject to this Part and section 91(2), where an application is made for planning permission, the council or, as the case may be, the Department, in dealing with the application, must have regard to the local development plan, so far as material to the application, and to any other material considerations, and—

(a)subject to sections 61 and 62, may grant planning permission, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as it thinks fit; or

(b)may refuse planning permission.

(2) A development order may provide that a council or the Department must not determine an application for planning permission before the end of such period as may be specified by the development order.

(3) In determining any application for planning permission the council or the Department must take into account any representations relating to that application which are received by it within such period as may be specified by a development order.

(4) Where an application for planning permission is accompanied by such a certificate as is mentioned in section 42(1)(c) or (d), the council or, as the case may be, the Department—

(a)in determining the application, must take into account any representations relating to the application which are made to it by any person who satisfies it that, in relation to any of the designated land, that person is such a person as is described in section 42(1)(c); and

(b)must give notice of its decision on the application to every person who made representations which it was required to take into account under paragraph (a).

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Commencement Information

I89S. 45 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I90S. 45 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of council to decline to determine subsequent applicationN.I.

46—(1) A council may decline to determine a relevant application if—

(a)any of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) is satisfied; and

(b)the council thinks there has been no significant change in the relevant considerations since the relevant event.

(2) The condition is that in the period of two years ending with the date on which the application mentioned in subsection (1) is received the Department has refused a similar application.

(3) The condition is that in that period the planning appeals commission has dismissed an appeal—

(a)against the refusal of a similar application; or

(b)under section 60 in respect of a similar application.

(4) The condition is that—

(a)in that period the council has refused more than one similar application; and

(b)there has been no appeal to the planning appeals commission against any such refusal or, if there has been such an appeal, it has been withdrawn.

(5) A council may also decline to determine a relevant application if—

(a)the condition in subsection (6) is satisfied; and

(b)the council thinks there has been no significant change in the relevant considerations since the relevant event.

(6) The condition is that—

(a)in the period of two years ending with the date on which the application mentioned in subsection (5) is received the planning appeals commission has refused a similar application,

(b)the similar application was an application deemed to have been made by section 145(5).

(7) A relevant application is an application for planning permission for the development of any land.

(8) The relevant considerations are—

(a)the local development plan so far as material to the application;

(b)any other material considerations.

(9) The relevant event is—

(a)for the purposes of subsections (2), (4) and (6) the refusal of the similar application;

(b)for the purposes of subsection (3) the dismissal of the appeal.

(10) An application for planning permission is similar to another application if (and only if) the council thinks that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

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Commencement Information

I91S. 46 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I92S. 46 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of Department to decline to determine subsequent applicationN.I.

47—(1) The Department may decline to determine an application for planning permission for the development of any land made to it in accordance with section 26(5) if—

(a)in the period of two years ending with the date on which that application is received the Department has refused a similar application; and

(b)the Department thinks there has been no significant change in the relevant considerations since the refusal of the similar application.

(2) The relevant considerations are—

(a)the local development plan so far as material to the application;

(b)any other material considerations.

(3) An application for planning permission is similar to another application if (and only if) the Department thinks that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

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Commencement Information

I93S. 47 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I94S. 47 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of council to decline to determine overlapping applicationN.I.

48—(1) A council may decline to determine an application for planning permission for the development of any land which is—

(a)made on the same day as a similar application; or

(b)made at a time when any of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) applies in relation to a similar application.

(2) The condition is that a similar application is under consideration by the council and the determination period for that application has not expired.

(3) The condition is that a similar application is under consideration by—

(a)the Department; or

(b)the planning appeals commission on an appeal under section 58 or 60,

and the Department or, as the case may be, the planning appeals commission, has not issued its decision.

(4) The condition is that a similar application—

(a)has been granted by the council;

(b)has been refused by the council; or

(c)has not been determined by the council within the determination period,

and the time within which an appeal could be made to the planning appeals commission under section 58 or 60 has not expired.

(5) A council may also decline to determine an application for planning permission for the development of any land which is made at a time when the condition in subsection (6) applies in relation to a similar application.

(6) The condition is that—

(a)a similar application is under consideration by the planning appeals commission,

(b)the similar application is an application deemed to have been made by section 145(5), and

(c)the planning appeals commission has not issued its decision.

(7) An application for planning permission is similar to another application if (and only if) the council thinks that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

(8) The determination period is—

(a)the period specified by the development order for the determination of the application; or

(b)such longer period as the applicant and the council have agreed for the determination of the application.

(9) If a council exercises its power under subsection (1)(a) to decline to determine an application made on the same day as a similar application, it may not also exercise that power to decline to determine the similar application.

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Commencement Information

I95S. 48 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I96S. 48 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of Department to decline to determine overlapping applicationN.I.

49—(1) The Department may decline to determine an application for planning permission for the development of any land made to it in accordance with section 26(5) which is—

(a)made on the same day as a similar application; or

(b)made at a time when a similar application is under consideration by the Department.

(2) An application for planning permission is similar to another application if (and only if) the Department thinks that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

(3) If the Department exercises its power under subsection (1)(a) to decline to determine an application made on the same day as a similar application, it may not also exercise that power to decline to determine the similar application.

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Commencement Information

I97S. 49 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I98S. 49 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Duty to decline to determine application where section 27 not complied withN.I.

50—(1) A council or, as the case may be, the Department must decline to determine an application for the development of any land if, in the opinion of the council or the Department—

(a)compliance with section 27 was required as respects the development, and

(b)there has not been such compliance.

(2) Before deciding whether, under subsection (1), an application must be declined the council or, as the case may be, the Department, may request the applicant to provide such additional information as it may specify within such time as may be prescribed.

(3) Where, under subsection (1), a council or the Department declines to determine an application, the council or, as the case may be, the Department, must advise the applicant of the reason for its being of the opinion mentioned in that subsection.

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Commencement Information

I99S. 50 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I100S. 50 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Assessment of environmental effectsN.I.

51—(1) The Department may by regulations make provision about the consideration to be given, before planning permission for development of any class specified in the regulations is granted, to the likely environmental effects of the proposed development.

(2) The regulations may make the same provision as, or provision similar or corresponding to, any provision made for the purposes of any Community obligation of the United Kingdom about the assessment of the likely effects of the development on the environment, under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68).

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Commencement Information

I101S. 51 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I102S. 51 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Conditional grant of planning permissionN.I.

52—(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 45(1), conditions may be imposed on the grant of planning permission—

(a)for regulating the development or use of any land under the control of the applicant (whether or not it is land in respect of which the application was made) or requiring the carrying out of works on any such land, so far as appears to the council or, as the case may be, the Department to be expedient for the purposes of or in connection with the development authorised by the permission;

(b)for requiring the removal of any buildings or works authorised by the permission, or the discontinuance of any use of land so authorised, at the end of a specified period, and the carrying out of any works required for the reinstatement of land at the end of that period.

(2) Conditions may not be imposed by a council under subsection (1)(a) for regulating the development or use of any land within the district of another council except with the consent of that council.

(3) Any planning permission granted subject to such a condition as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) is in this Act referred to as “planning permission granted for a limited period”.

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Commencement Information

I103S. 52 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I104S. 52 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power to impose aftercare conditions on grant of mineral planning permissionN.I.

53—(1) Where—

(a)planning permission for development consisting of the winning and working of minerals or involving the depositing of mineral waste or waste materials is granted, and

(b)the permission is subject to a condition requiring that after the winning and working is completed or the depositing has ceased, the site shall be restored by the use of any or all of the following, namely, subsoil, topsoil and soil-making material,

it may be granted subject also to any such condition as the council or, as the case may be, the Department thinks fit requiring that such steps shall be taken as may be necessary to bring land to the required standard for whichever of the following uses is specified in the condition, namely—

(i)use for agriculture;

(ii)use for forestry;

(iii)use for amenity; or

(iv)use for ecological purposes.

(2) In this Act—

(a)a condition such as is mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) is referred to as “a restoration condition”; and

(b)a condition requiring such steps to be taken as are mentioned in that subsection is referred to as “an aftercare condition”.

(3) An aftercare condition may either—

(a)specify the steps to be taken; or

(b)require that the steps be taken in accordance with a scheme (in this Act referred to as an “aftercare scheme”) approved by the council or, as the case may be, the Department.

(4) A council or the Department may approve an aftercare scheme in the form in which it is submitted to it or may modify it and approve it as modified.

(5) The steps that may be specified in an aftercare condition or an aftercare scheme may consist of planting, cultivating, fertilising, watering, draining or otherwise treating the land.

(6) Where a step is specified in a condition or a scheme, the period during which it is to be taken may also be specified, but no step may be required to be taken after the expiry of the aftercare period.

(7) In subsection (6) “the aftercare period” means a period of 5 years from compliance with the restoration condition or such other maximum period after compliance with that condition as may be prescribed; and in respect of any part of a site, the aftercare period shall commence on compliance with the restoration condition in respect of that part.

(8) In a case where—

(a)the use specified in an aftercare condition is a use for agriculture; and

(b)the land was in use for agriculture at the time of the grant of the planning permission or had previously been used for that purpose and had not at the time of the grant been used for any authorised purpose since its use for agriculture ceased,

the land is brought to the required standard when its physical characteristics are restored, so far as it is practicable to do so, to what they were when it was last used for agriculture.

(9) In any other case where the use specified in an aftercare condition is a use for agriculture, the land is brought to the required standard when it is reasonably fit for that use.

(10) Where the use specified in an aftercare condition is a use for forestry, the land is brought to the required standard when it is reasonably fit for that use.

(11) Where the use specified in an aftercare condition is a use for amenity, the land is brought to the required standard when it is suitable for sustaining trees, shrubs or other plants.

(12) In this section—

authorised” means authorised by planning permission;

forestry” means the growing of a utilisable crop of timber.

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Commencement Information

I105S. 53 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I106S. 53 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Permission to develop land without compliance with conditions previously attachedN.I.

54—(1) This section applies to applications for planning permission for the development of land without complying with conditions subject to which a previous planning permission was granted.

(2) A development order may make special provision with respect to—

(a)the form and content of such applications; and

(b)the procedure to be followed in connection with such applications.

(3) On such an application the authority which granted the previous planning permission must consider only the question of the conditions subject to which planning permission should be granted, and

(a)if it decides that planning permission should be granted subject to conditions differing from those subject to which the previous permission was granted, or that it should be granted unconditionally, the authority must grant planning permission accordingly; and

(b)if it decides that planning permission should be granted subject to the same conditions as those subject to which the previous permission was granted, the authority must refuse the application.

(4) This section does not apply where the application is made after the previous planning permission has become time-expired, that is to say, the previous permission having been granted subject to a condition as to the time within which the development to which it related was to be begun, that time has expired without the development having been begun.

(5) Planning permission must not be granted under this section to the extent that it has effect to change a condition subject to which a previous planning permission was granted by extending the time within which—

(a)a development must be begun;

(b)an application for approval of reserved matters (within the meaning of section 62) must be made.

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Commencement Information

I107S. 54 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I108S. 54 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Planning permission for development already carried outN.I.

55—(1) On an application made to a council or the Department, the planning permission which may be granted includes planning permission for development carried out before the date of the application.

(2) Subsection (1) applies to development carried out—

(a)without planning permission;

(b)in accordance with planning permission granted for a limited period; or

(c)without complying with some condition subject to which planning permission was granted.

(3) Planning permission for such development may be granted as to have effect from—

(a)the date on which the development was carried out; or

(b)if it was carried out in accordance with planning permission granted for a limited period, the end of that period.

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Commencement Information

I109S. 55 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I110S. 55 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Directions etc. as to method of dealing with applicationsN.I.

56—(1) Provision may be made by a development order for regulating the manner in which applications for planning permission to develop land are to be dealt with by councils and the Department, and in particular—

(a)for enabling the Department to give directions restricting the grant of planning permission by a council, either indefinitely or during such period as may be specified in the directions, in respect of any such development, or in respect of development of any such class, as may be so specified;

(b)for enabling the Department to give directions to a council requiring it, in respect of any such development, or in respect of development of any such class, as may be specified in the directions—

(i)to consider, where the council is minded to grant planning permission, imposing a condition specified in, or of a nature indicated in, the directions; and

(ii)(unless the directions are withdrawn) not to grant planning permission without first satisfying the Department that such consideration has been given and that such a condition either will be imposed or need not be imposed;

(c)for requiring that, before planning permission for any development is granted or refused, councils must consult with such authorities or persons as may be specified by the order;

(d)for requiring the Department before granting or refusing planning permission for any development to consult with the council for the district in which the land is situated and with such other authorities or persons as may be specified by the order;

(e)for requiring a council or, as the case may be, the Department to give to any applicant for planning permission, within such time as may be specified by the order, such notice as may be so specified as to the manner in which the applicant's application has been dealt with;

(f)for requiring a council or, as the case may be, the Department to give any applicant for any consent, agreement or approval required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission notice of its decision on the application, within such time as may be specified by the order;

(g)for requiring a council to give to the Department, and to such other persons as may be specified by or under the order, such information as may be so specified with respect to applications for planning permission made to the council, including information as to the manner in which any such application has been dealt with.

(2) Provision may be made by a development order—

(a)for determining the persons to whom applications under this Act are to be sent; and

(b)for requiring persons to whom such applications are sent to send copies to other interested persons.

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Commencement Information

I111S. 56 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I112S. 56 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Effect of planning permissionN.I.

57—(1) Without prejudice to the provisions of this Part, any grant of planning permission to develop land shall (except insofar as the permission otherwise provides) have effect for the benefit of the land and of all persons for the time being having an estate therein.

(2) Where planning permission is granted for the erection of a building, the grant of permission may specify the purposes for which the building may be used; and if no purpose is so specified the permission shall be construed as including permission to use the building for the purpose for which it is designed.

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Commencement Information

I113S. 57 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I114S. 57 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

AppealsN.I.

AppealsN.I.

58—(1) Where an application is made to a council—

(a)for planning permission to develop land; or

(b)for any consent, agreement or approval of the council required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission; or

(c)for any approval of the council required under a development order;

then if that permission, consent, agreement or approval is refused or is granted subject to conditions, the applicant may by notice in writing appeal to the planning appeals commission.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to any application referred to the Department under section 29.

(3) Any notice under this section must be served on the planning appeals commission within 4 months from the date of notification of the decision to which it relates or such other period as may be specified by development order.

(4) Where an appeal is brought under this section from a decision of a council, the planning appeals commission, subject to subsections (5) to (7), may allow or dismiss the appeal or may reverse or vary any part of the decision whether the appeal relates to that part thereof or not and may deal with the application as if it had been made to it in the first instance.

(5) Before determining an appeal under this section, the planning appeals commission must, if either the applicant or the council so desires, afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the commission.

(6) If at any time before or during the determination of an appeal under this section it appears to the planning appeals commission that the appellant is responsible for undue delay in the progress of the appeal, it may—

(a)give the appellant notice that the appeal will be dismissed unless the appellant takes, within the period specified in the notice, such steps as are specified in the notice for the expedition of the appeal; and

(b)if the appellant fails to take those steps within that period, dismiss the appeal accordingly.

(7) Subject to subsection (5), sections 41, 42, 45, 52, 53, 54 and 55 shall apply, with any necessary modifications, in relation to an appeal to the planning appeals commission under this section as they apply to an application for planning permission.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 58 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Trees) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/84), regs. 1(1), 2, Sch. (with reg. 11(7))

Commencement Information

I115S. 58 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I116S. 58 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Matters which may be raised in an appeal under section 58N.I.

59—(1) In an appeal under section 58, a party to the proceedings is not to raise any matter which was not before the council or, as the case may be, the Department at the time the decision appealed against was made unless that party can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the planning appeals commission—

(a)that the matter could not have been raised before that time, or

(b)that its not being raised before that time was a consequence of exceptional circumstances.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) affects any requirement or entitlement to have regard to—

(a)the provisions of the local development plan, or

(b)any other material consideration.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15S. 59 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Trees) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/84), regs. 1(1), 2, Sch. (with reg. 11(5)(7))

Commencement Information

I117S. 59 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I118S. 59 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Appeal against failure to take planning decisionN.I.

60  Where any such application as is mentioned in section 58(1) is made to a council, then unless within such period as may be specified by a development order, or within such extended period as may be agreed upon in writing between the applicant and the council, the council either—

(a)gives notice to the applicant of its decision on the application; or

(b)gives notice to the applicant that the application is one to which section 29 applies; or

(c)gives notice to the applicant that it has exercised its power under section 46 or 48 to decline to determine the application,

section 58 shall apply in relation to the application—

(i)as if the permission, consent, agreement or approval to which it relates had been refused by the council; and

(ii)as if notification of the council's decision had been received by the applicant at the end of the period so specified, or at the end of the said extended period, as the case may be.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18S. 60 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Trees) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/84), regs. 1(1), 2, Sch. (with reg. 11(7))

Commencement Information

I119S. 60 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I120S. 60 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Duration of planning permissionN.I.

Duration of planning permissionN.I.

61—(1) Subject to this section, every planning permission granted or deemed to be granted shall be granted or, as the case may be, deemed to be granted subject to the condition that the development to which it relates must be begun within—

(a)5 years of the date on which the permission is granted; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) as the authority concerned with the terms of the planning permission considers appropriate having regard to the provisions of the local development plan and to any other material considerations.

(2) If planning permission is granted without the condition required by subsection (1), it shall be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition that the development to which it relates must be begun within 5 years of the date of the grant.

(3) Nothing in subsections (1) and (2) applies—

(a)to any outline planning permission;

(b)to any planning permission granted by a development order;

(c)to any planning permission granted for a limited period;

(d)to any planning permission granted for development carried out before the grant of that permission;

(e)to any planning permission granted by an enterprise zone scheme; or

(f)to any planning permission granted by a simplified planning zone scheme.

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Commencement Information

I121S. 61 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I122S. 61 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Duration of outline planning permissionN.I.

62—(1) In this section and in section 61 “outline planning permission” means planning permission granted in accordance with the provisions of a development order, conditional on the subsequent approval by the council or, as the case may be, the Department of the particulars of the proposed development (in this section referred to as “reserved matters”).

(2) Subject to the following provisions of this section, where outline planning permission is granted for development consisting of or including the carrying out of building or other operations it must be granted subject to conditions to the following effect—

(a)that in the case of any reserved matter application for approval must be made within 3 years of the date of the grant of outline planning permission; and

(b)that the development to which the permission relates must be begun by whichever is the later of the following dates—

(i)the expiration of 5 years from the date of the grant of outline planning permission; or

(ii)the expiration of 2 years from the final approval of the reserved matters or, in the case of approval on different dates, the final approval of the last such matter to be approved.

(3) If outline planning permission is granted without the conditions required by subsection (2), it shall be deemed to have been granted subject to those conditions.

(4) The authority concerned with the terms of an outline planning permission may, in applying subsection (2), substitute for the periods of 3 years, 5 years or 2 years referred to in that subsection, such other periods respectively (whether longer or shorter) as it considers appropriate.

(5) It may, in applying subsection (2), specify separate periods under subsection (2)(a) in relation to separate parts of the development to which the planning permission relates; and if it does so, the condition required by subsection (2)(b) shall then be framed correspondingly by reference to those parts, instead of by reference to the development as a whole.

(6) In considering whether to exercise its powers under subsections (4) and (5), the authority must have regard to the provisions of the local development plan and to any other material consideration.

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Commencement Information

I123S. 62 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I124S. 62 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Provisions supplementary to sections 61 and 62N.I.

63—(1) The authority referred to in section 61(1)(b) or 62 is—

(a)the council in the case of planning permission granted by it;

(b)the Department, in the case of planning permission granted by it;

(c)in the case of planning permission granted under section 58, 60 or 145, the planning appeals commission;

(d)in the case of planning permission deemed to be granted under paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 8 to the Electricity (Northern Ireland) Order 1992 (NI 1) (consents under Articles 39 and 40 of that Order), the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.

(2) For the purposes of sections 61 and 62, development shall be taken to be begun on the earliest date on which any of the following operations comprised in the development begins to be carried out—

(a)where the development consists of or includes the erection of a building, any work of construction in the course of the erection of the building;

(b)where the development consists of or includes alterations to a building, any work involved in the alterations;

(c)where the development consists of or includes a change of use of any building or other land, that change of use;

(d)where the development consists of or includes mining operations, any of those operations.

(3) For the purposes of section 62(2), a reserved matter shall be treated as finally approved when an application for approval is granted, or, where on an appeal under section 58, the planning appeals commission grants the approval, on the date of the determination of the appeal.

(4) Where a council grants planning permission the fact that any of the conditions of the permission are required by this Act to be imposed or are deemed by this Act to be imposed, shall not prevent the conditions being the subject of an appeal under section 58 against the decision of the council.

(5) Where a planning permission (whether outline or other) has conditions attached to it by or under section 61 or 62—

(a)development commenced and carried out after the date by which the conditions of the permission require it to be commenced shall be treated as not authorised by the permission; and

(b)an application for approval of a reserved matter, if it is made after the date by which the conditions require it to be made, shall be treated as not made in accordance with the terms of the permission.

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Commencement Information

I125S. 63(1)(a)-(c) (2)-(5) in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I126S. 63(1)(a)-(c) (2)-(5) in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Termination of planning permission by reference to time limitN.I.

64—(1) Subsections (2) to (6) shall have effect where by virtue of section 61 or 62, a planning permission is subject to a condition that the development to which the permission relates must be begun before the expiration of a particular period and that development has been begun within that period but the period has elapsed without the development having been completed.

(2) If the council is of the opinion that the development will not be completed within a reasonable period, it may serve a notice (“a completion notice”) stating that the planning permission will cease to have effect at the expiration of a further period specified in the notice.

(3) The period so specified must not be less than 12 months after the notice takes effect.

(4) A completion notice must be served—

(a)on the owner of the land,

(b)on the occupier of the land, and

(c)on any other person who in the opinion of the council will be affected by the notice.

(5) The council may withdraw a completion notice at any time before the expiration of the period specified in it as the period at the expiration of which the planning permission is to cease to have effect.

(6) If it does so it must immediately give notice of the withdrawal to every person who was served with the completion notice.

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Commencement Information

I127S. 64 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I128S. 64 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Effect of completion noticeN.I.

65—(1) A completion notice shall not take effect unless and until it is confirmed by the Department.

(2) In confirming a completion notice the Department may substitute a longer period for that specified in the notice as the period at the expiration of which the planning permission is to cease to have effect.

(3) If, within such period as may be specified in a completion notice (which shall not be less than 28 days from its service) any person on whom the notice is served so requires, the Department, before confirming the notice, must give that person and the council an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(4) If a completion notice takes effect, the planning permission referred to in it shall become invalid at the expiration of the period specified in the notice (whether the original period specified under section 64(1) or a longer period substituted by the Department under subsection (2)).

(5) Subsection (4) shall not affect any permission so far as development carried out under it before the end of the period mentioned in that subsection is concerned.

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Commencement Information

I129S. 65 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I130S. 65 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of Department to serve completion noticesN.I.

66—(1) If it appears to the Department to be expedient that a completion notice should be served in respect of any land, the Department may itself serve such a notice.

(2) A completion notice served by the Department shall have the same effect as if it had been served by the appropriate council.

(3) The Department shall not serve such a notice without consulting the appropriate council.

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Commencement Information

I131S. 66 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I132S. 66 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power to make non-material changes to planning permissionN.I.

67—(1) A council may make a change to any planning permission relating to land within its district if it is satisfied that the change is not material.

(2) In deciding whether a change is material, a council must have regard to the effect of the change, together with any previous changes made under this section, on the planning permission as originally granted.

(3) The power conferred by subsection (1) includes power—

(a)to impose new conditions;

(b)to remove or alter existing conditions.

(4) The power conferred by subsection (1) may be exercised only on an application made by or on behalf of a person with an estate in the land to which the planning permission relates.

(5) An application under subsection (4) must be made in the form and manner specified by a development order.

(6) Subsection (7) applies in relation to an application under subsection (4) made by or on behalf of a person with an estate in some, but not all, of the land to which the planning permission relates.

(7) The application may be made only in respect of so much of the planning permission as affects the land in which the person has an estate.

(8) A council must comply with such requirements as may be specified by development order as to consultation and publicity in relation to the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (1).

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Commencement Information

I133S. 67 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I134S. 67 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Revocation or modification of planning permission by councilN.I.

68—(1) If it appears to a council, having regard to the local development plan and to any other material considerations, that it is expedient to revoke or modify any permission to develop land granted on an application made under this Part or on an appeal under section 143, the council may, subject to subsections (2) to (4), by order revoke or modify the permission to such extent as (having regard to those matters) it considers expedient.

(2) The power conferred by this section to revoke or modify permission to develop land may be exercised—

(a)where the permission relates to the carrying out of building or other operations, at any time before those operations have been completed;

(b)where the permission relates to a change of use of any land, at any time before the change has taken place;

except that the revocation or modification of permission for the carrying out of building or other operations shall not affect so much of those operations as has been previously carried out.

(3) An order made under this section in respect of mining operations by surface working shall not prevent the continuation of those operations on any land in use for the purpose of those operations at the date on which the order comes into operation.

(4) Where the council makes an order under this section it must serve a notice on the owner and occupier of the land affected and on any other person who in its opinion would be affected by the order.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 68 applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Trees) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/84), regs. 1(1), 2, Sch. (with reg. 11(7))

Commencement Information

I135S. 68 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I136S. 68 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Aftercare conditions imposed on revocation or modification of mineral planning permissionN.I.

69—(1) An order under section 68 may in relation to planning permission for development consisting of the winning and working of minerals or involving the depositing of refuse or waste materials, include such aftercare condition as the council thinks fit if—

(a)it also includes a restoration condition; or

(b)a restoration condition has previously been imposed in relation to the land by virtue of any provision of this Act.

(2) Subsections (3) to (12) of section 53 shall apply in relation to an aftercare condition so imposed as they apply in relation to such a condition imposed under section 53.

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Commencement Information

I137S. 69 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I138S. 69 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Procedure for section 68 orders: opposed casesN.I.

70—(1) Except as provided in section 71, an order under section 68 shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Department.

(2) Where a council submits such an order to the Department for confirmation, it must serve notice on—

(a)the owner of the land affected,

(b)the occupier of the land affected, and

(c)any other person who, in the opinion of the council, will be affected by the order.

(3) The notice must specify the period within which any person on whom it is served may require the Department to give that person an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, the planning appeals commission.

(4) If within that period such a person so requires, before the Department confirms the order it must give such an opportunity both to that person and to the council.

(5) The period referred to in subsection (3) must not be less than 28 days from the service of the notice.

(6) The Department may confirm an order submitted to it under this section either without modification or subject to such modifications as the Department considers expedient.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I139S. 70 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I140S. 70 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Procedure for section 68 orders: unopposed casesN.I.

71—(1) This section applies where—

(a)a council has made an order under section 68; and

(b)the owner and occupier of the land and all persons who in the opinion of the council will be affected by the order have notified the council in writing that they do not object to the order.

(2) Where this section applies, instead of submitting the order to the Department for confirmation the council must advertise in the prescribed manner the fact that the order has been made, and the advertisement must specify—

(a)the period within which persons affected by the order may give notice to the Department that they wish for an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, the planning appeals commission; and

(b)the period at the expiration of which, if no such notice is given to the Department, the order may take effect by virtue of this section without being confirmed by the Department.

(3) The council must also serve notice to the same effect on the persons mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(4) The period referred to in subsection (2)(a) must not be less than 28 days from the date the advertisement first appears.

(5) The period referred to in subsection (2)(b) must not be less than 14 days from the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (2)(a).

(6) The council must send a copy of any advertisement published under subsection (2) to the Department not more than 3 days after the publication.

(7) If—

(a)no person claiming to be affected by the order has given notice to the Department under subsection (2)(a) within the period referred to in that subsection, and

(b)the Department has not directed within that period that the order be submitted to it for confirmation,

the order shall take effect at the expiry of the period referred to in subsection (2)(b), without being confirmed by the Department as required by section 70(1).

(8) This section does not apply—

(a)to an order revoking or modifying a planning permission granted by the Department under this Part;

(b)to an order revoking or modifying a planning permission granted by the planning appeals commission under Part 5;

(c)to an order modifying any conditions to which a planning permission is subject by virtue of section 61 or 62.

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Commencement Information

I141S. 71 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I142S. 71 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Revocation or modification of planning permission by the DepartmentN.I.

72—(1) If it appears to the Department that it is expedient that an order should be made under section 68, it may make such an order.

(2) Such an order which is made by the Department shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the relevant council and confirmed by the Department.

(3) The Department must not make such an order without consulting the relevant council.

(4) Where the Department proposes to make such an order it must serve notice on the relevant council.

(5) A notice served under subsection (4) must specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days from the date of its service) within which the council may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(6) If within that period the council so requires, before the Department makes the order it must give the council such an opportunity.

(7) The provisions of this Part and of any regulations made under this Act with respect to the procedure to be followed in connection with the submission by a council of any order under section 68 and its confirmation by the Department shall have effect, subject to any necessary modifications, in relation to any proposal by the Department to make such an order and its making by the Department.

(8) Section 69 applies to orders made by the Department under this section as that section applies to orders made by a council under section 68.

(9) In this section, “relevant council” means the council for the district in which the land to which the order relates is situated.

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Commencement Information

I143S. 72 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I144S. 72 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Orders requiring discontinuance of use or alteration or removal of buildings or worksN.I.

73—(1) If it appears to a council that it is expedient in the interests of the proper planning of an area within its district (including the interests of amenity), regard being had to the local development plan and to any other material considerations—

(a)that any use of land should be discontinued, or that any conditions should be imposed on the continuance of a use of land; or

(b)that any buildings or works should be altered or removed;

the council may by order require the discontinuance of that use within such time as may be specified in the order, or impose such conditions as may be so specified on the continuance thereof, or require such steps as may be so specified to be taken within such time as may be so specified for the alteration or removal of the buildings or works, as the case may be.

(2) An order under this section may grant planning permission for any development of the land to which the order relates, subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order; and the provisions of section 68 shall apply in relation to any planning permission granted by an order under this section as they apply in relation to planning permission granted by the council on an application made under this Part.

(3) The planning permission which may be granted by an order under this section includes planning permission, subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order, for development carried out before the date on which the order was submitted to the Department under section 74; and planning permission for such development may be granted so as to have effect from—

(a)the date on which the development was carried out; or

(b)if it was carried out in accordance with planning permission granted for a limited period, the end of that period.

(4) Where the requirements of an order under this section will involve the displacement of persons residing in any premises, it shall be the duty of the Northern Ireland Housing Executive in so far as there is no other residential accommodation suitable to the reasonable requirements of those persons available on reasonable terms, to secure the provision of such accommodation in advance of the displacement.

(5) Subject to section 74(8), in the case of planning permission granted by an order under this section, the authority referred to in sections 61(1)(b) and 62 is the council making the order.

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Commencement Information

I145S. 73 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I146S. 73 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Confirmation by Department of section 73 ordersN.I.

74—(1) An order under section 73 shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Department, either without modification or subject to such modifications as the Department considers expedient.

(2) The power of the Department under this section to confirm an order subject to modifications includes power—

(a)to modify any provision of the order granting planning permission, as mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) of section 73;

(b)to include in the order any grant of planning permission which might have been included in the order as submitted to it.

(3) Where a council submits an order to the Department for its confirmation under this section, the council must serve notice—

(a)on the owner of the land affected,

(b)on the occupier of that land, and

(c)on any other person who in the opinion of the council will be affected by the order.

(4) The notice must specify the period within which any person on whom it is served may require the Department to give that person an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, the planning appeals commission.

(5) If within that period such a person so requires, before the Department confirms the order, it must give such an opportunity both to that person and to the council.

(6) The period referred to in subsection (4) must not be less than 28 days from the service of the notice.

(7) Where an order under section 73 has been confirmed by the Department, the council must serve a copy of the order on the owner and occupier of the land to which the order relates.

(8) Where the Department exercises its powers under subsection (2) in confirming an order granting planning permission, the Department is the authority referred to in sections 61(1)(b) and 62(4).

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Commencement Information

I147S. 74 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I148S. 74 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Power of Department to make section 73 ordersN.I.

75—(1) If it appears to the Department that it is expedient that an order should be made under section 73, it may make such an order.

(2) Such an order made by the Department shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the relevant council and confirmed by the Department.

(3) The Department must not make such an order without consulting the relevant council.

(4) Where the Department proposes to make such an order it shall serve notice on the relevant council.

(5) The notice must specify the period within which the council may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(6) If within that period the council so requires, before the Department makes the order it shall give the council such an opportunity.

(7) The period referred to in subsection (5) must not be less than 28 days from the date of the service of the notice.

(8) The provisions of this Part and of any regulations or order made under this Act with respect to the procedure to be followed in connection with the submission by a council of any order under section 73, its confirmation by the Department and the service of copies of it as confirmed shall have effect, subject to any necessary modifications, in relation to any proposal by the Department to make such an order, its making by the Department and the service of copies of it.

(9) In this section, “relevant council” means the council for the district in which the land to which the order relates is situated.

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Commencement Information

I149S. 75 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I150S. 75 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Planning agreementsN.I.

76—(1) Any person who has an estate in land may enter into an agreement with the relevant authority (referred to in this section and sections 77 and 78 as “a planning agreement”), enforceable to the extent mentioned in subsection (4)—

(a)facilitating or restricting the development or use of the land in any specified way;

(b)requiring specified operations or activities to be carried out in, on, under or over the land;

(c)requiring the land to be used in any specified way;

(d)requiring a sum or sums to be paid to the authority on a specified date or dates or periodically; or

(e)requiring a sum or sums to be paid to a Northern Ireland department on a specified date or dates or periodically.

(2) A planning agreement may—

(a)be unconditional or subject to conditions;

(b)impose any restriction or requirement mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to (c) either indefinitely or for such period or periods as may be specified; and

(c)if it requires a sum or sums to be paid, require the payment of a specified amount or an amount determined in accordance with the instrument by which the agreement is entered into and, if it requires the payment of periodical sums, require them to be paid indefinitely or for a specified period.

(3) Before entering into a planning agreement, the Department must consult with the appropriate council.

(4) Subject to subsection (5) a planning agreement is enforceable by the relevant authority—

(a)against the person entering into the agreement; and

(b)against any person deriving title from that person.

(5) The instrument by which a planning agreement is entered into may provide that a person shall not be bound by the agreement in respect of any period during which that person no longer has an estate in the land.

(6) A restriction or requirement imposed under a planning agreement is enforceable by injunction.

(7) Without prejudice to subsection (6), if there is a breach of a requirement in a planning agreement to carry out any operations in, on, under or over the land to which the agreement relates, the relevant authority may—

(a)enter the land and carry out the operations; and

(b)recover from the person or persons against whom the agreement is enforceable any expenses reasonably incurred by it in doing so and those expenses shall be a civil debt recoverable summarily.

(8) Before the relevant authority exercises its power under subsection (7)(a) it must give not less than 21 days' notice of its intention to do so to any person against whom the planning agreement is enforceable.

(9) Any person who wilfully obstructs a person acting in the exercise of a power under subsection (7)(a) shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(10) A planning agreement may not be entered into except by an instrument under seal which—

(a)states that the agreement is a planning agreement for the purposes of this section;

(b)identifies the land in which the person entering into the agreement has an estate; and

(c)identifies the person entering into the agreement and states what that person's estate in the land is.

(11) If a person against whom an agreement is enforceable requests the relevant authority to supply that person with a copy of the agreement, it is the duty of the authority to do so free of charge.

(12) Any sum or sums required to be paid under a planning agreement and any expenses recoverable by the relevant authority under subsection (7)(b) shall, until recovered, be deemed to be charged on and payable out of the estate in the land in relation to which they have been incurred, of the person against whom the planning agreement is enforceable.

(13) The charge created by subsection (12) shall be enforceable in all respects as if it were a valid mortgage by deed created in favour of the relevant authority by the person on whose estate the charge has been created (with, where necessary, any authorisation or consent required by law) and the authority may exercise the powers conferred by sections 19, 21 and 22 of the Conveyancing Act 1881 (c. 41) on mortgagees by deed accordingly.

(14) In this section “specified” means specified in the instrument by which the planning agreement is entered into.

(15) In this section, and in sections 77 and 78, “relevant authority”, in relation to a planning agreement proposed to be made in connection with an application for planning permission, means—

(a)where the application has been made to a council, and the council has an estate in the land to which the proposed agreement relates, the Department;

(b)where the application has been made to the Department, the Department;

(c)in any other case, the council in whose district the land to which the application relates is situated.

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Commencement Information

I151S. 76 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I152S. 76 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Modification and discharge of planning agreementsN.I.

77—(1) A planning agreement may not be modified or discharged except—

(a)by agreement between the relevant authority and the person or persons against whom the agreement is enforceable; or

(b)in accordance with this section and section 78.

(2) Before entering into an agreement falling within subsection (1)(a), the Department must consult with the appropriate council.

(3) An agreement falling within subsection (1)(a) shall be contained in an instrument under seal.

(4) A person against whom a planning agreement is enforceable may, at any time after the expiry of the relevant period, apply to the relevant authority for the agreement—

(a)to have effect subject to such modifications as may be specified in the application; or

(b)to be discharged.

(5) In subsection (4) “the relevant period” means—

(a)such period as may be prescribed; or

(b)if no period is prescribed, the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the agreement is entered into.

(6) An application under subsection (4) for the modification of a planning agreement may not specify a modification imposing an obligation on any other person against whom the agreement is enforceable.

(7) Where an application is made to the relevant authority under subsection (4), the authority may determine—

(a)that the planning agreement shall continue to have effect without modification;

(b)if the agreement no longer serves a useful purpose, that it shall be discharged; or

(c)if the agreement continues to serve a useful purpose, but would serve that purpose equally well if it had effect subject to the modifications specified in the application, that it shall have effect subject to those modifications.

(8) The relevant authority must give notice of its determination to the applicant within such period as may be prescribed.

(9) Where the relevant authority determines that a planning agreement shall have effect subject to modifications specified in the application, the agreement as modified shall be enforceable as if it had been entered into on the date on which notice of the determination was given to the applicant.

(10) Regulations may make provision with respect to—

(a)the form and content of applications under subsection (4);

(b)the publication of notices of such applications;

(c)the procedures for considering any representations made with respect to such applications; and

(d)the notices to be given to applicants of determinations under subsection (7).

(11) Article 5 of the Property (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (NI 4) (power of Lands Tribunal to modify or extinguish impediments) shall not apply to a planning agreement.

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Commencement Information

I153S. 77 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I154S. 77 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

AppealsN.I.

78—(1) Where the relevant authority—

(a)fails to give notice as mentioned in section 77(8); or

(b)determines that a planning agreement shall continue to have effect without modifications;

the applicant may appeal to the planning appeals commission.

(2) For the purposes of an appeal under subsection (1)(a), it shall be assumed that the relevant authority has determined that the planning agreement shall continue to have effect without modification.

(3) An appeal under this section shall be made by notice served within such period and in such manner as may be prescribed.

(4) Subsections (7) to (10) of section 77 apply in relation to appeals to the planning appeals commission under this section as they apply in relation to applications to the relevant authority under that section.

(5) Before determining the appeal the planning appeals commission must, if either the applicant or the relevant authority so wishes, afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(6) The determination of an appeal by the planning appeals commission under this section shall be final.

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Commencement Information

I155S. 78 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I156S. 78 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Land belonging to councils and development by councilsN.I.

Land belonging to councils and development by councilsN.I.

79—(1) The provisions listed in subsection (2) shall apply in relation to—

(a)land of interested councils; and

(b)the development of any land by interested councils or by such councils jointly with any other persons,

subject to regulations made by virtue of this section.

(2) The provisions are—

(a)Part 3;

(b)Part 4 (apart from the provisions of Chapters 1 and 2 of that Part); and

(c)Part 5.

(3) The regulations may, in relation to such land or such development—

(a)provide for any of those provisions to apply subject to prescribed exceptions or modifications or not to apply;

(b)make new provision as to any matter dealt with in any of those provisions.

(4) Without prejudice to subsection (2), the regulations may provide—

(a)for applications for planning permission to develop such land, or for such development, to be determined by the interested council or by the Department; and

(b)for the procedure to be followed on such applications,

and, in the case of applications falling to be determined by an interested council, they may regulate the council's arrangements for the discharge of its functions, notwithstanding anything in section [F46 of the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 2014 so far as it relates to an officer of the council] .

(5) The regulations must—

(a)provide for any provision made by virtue of section 41, 42, 45(2) to (4) or by a development order, to apply to applications for planning permission to develop such land, or for such development, subject to prescribed exceptions or modifications, or

(b)make corresponding provision to those provisions.

(6) In this section “interested council”, in relation to any land, means any council which exercises any functions of a council under this Act in relation to that land, and, for the purposes of this section, land is land of a council if the council has any estate in it.

(7) This section applies to any consent required in respect of any land as it applies to planning permission to develop land.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I157S. 79 in operation at 1.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/25, art. 2

I158S. 79 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/25, art. 3

Part 4N.I.Additional planning control

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22Pt. 4 (except chpts. 1, 2) applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning General Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/39), regs. 1(1), 2 (with regs. 3-10)

Chapter 1N.I.Listed buildings and conservation areas

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C23Pt. 4 chapter 1 (except ss. 92-93 102) applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning (Conservation Areas) (Demolition) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/107), regs. 1, 11

Listed buildingsN.I.

Lists of buildings of special architectural or historic interestN.I.

80—(1) The Department—

(a)shall compile lists of buildings of special architectural or historic interest; and

(b)may amend any list so compiled.

(2) In considering whether to include a building in a list compiled under this section the Department may take into account not only the building itself but also—

(a)any respect in which its exterior contributes to the architectural or historic interest of any group of buildings of which it forms part; and

(b)the desirability of preserving, on the ground of its architectural or historic interest, any feature of the building which consists of a man-made object or structure fixed to the building or which forms a part of the land and which is comprised within the curtilage of the building.

(3) Before compiling or amending any list under this section, the Department must consult with the appropriate council and the Historic Buildings Council.

(4) As soon as may be after any list has been compiled under this section, or any amendments of such a list have been made, the Department must cause a copy of so much of the list, or so much of the amendments, as relates to the district of a council to be deposited with the clerk of that council.

(5) As soon as may be after the inclusion of any building in a list under this section, whether on the compilation of the list or by its amendment, or as soon as may be after any such list has been amended by the exclusion of any building from it, the Department must serve a notice in the prescribed form on every owner and occupier of the building, stating that the building has been included in, or excluded from, the list, as the case may be.

(6) The Department must keep available for inspection by the public at all reasonable hours copies of lists and amendments of lists compiled or made under this section.

(7) In this Act “listed building” means a building which is for the time being included in a list compiled under this section; and, for the purposes of the provisions of this Act relating to listed buildings, the following shall be treated as part of the building—

(a)any object or structure within the curtilage of the building and fixed to the building;

(b)any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before 1st October 1973.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I159S. 80 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I160S. 80 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Temporary listing: building preservation noticesN.I.

81—(1) If it appears to a council that a building in its district which is not a listed building—

(a)is of special architectural or historic interest; and

(b)is in danger of demolition or of alteration in such a way as to affect its character as a building of such interest,

it may serve on the owner and occupier of the building a notice (in this Act referred to as a “building preservation notice”).

(2) A building preservation notice served by a council must—

(a)state that the building appears to the council to be of special architectural or historic interest and that it has requested the Department to consider including it in a list compiled under section 80; and

(b)explain the effect of subsections (3) to (5) and section 83.

(3) A building preservation notice—

(a)comes into force as soon as it has been served on both the owner and occupier of the building to which it relates; and

(b)subject to subsection (4), remains in force for 6 months from the date when it is served or, as the case may be, last served.

(4) A building preservation notice ceases to be in force if the Department—

(a)includes the building in a list compiled under section 80, or

(b)notifies the council in writing that it does not intend to do so.

(5) While a building preservation notice is in force with respect to a building, the provisions of this Act (other than section 103) shall have effect in relation to the building as if it were a listed building.

(6) If, following the service of a building preservation notice, the Department notifies the council that it does not propose to include the building in a list compiled under section 80, the council must immediately give notice of that decision to the owner and occupier of the building.

(7) Following a notification by the Department under subsection (4)(b) no further building preservation notice in respect of the building shall be served by the council within the period of 12 months beginning with the date of the notification.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I161S. 81 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I162S. 81 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Temporary listing in urgent casesN.I.

82—(1) If it appears to a council to be urgent that a building preservation notice should come into force, it may, instead of serving the notice on the owner and occupier of the building, affix the notice conspicuously to some object on the building.

(2) The affixing of a notice under subsection (1) shall be treated for all the purposes of section 81, this section, section 83 and sections 86 to 101 as service of the notice.

(3) A notice which is so affixed must explain that by virtue of being so affixed it is treated as being served for those purposes.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I163S. 82 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I164S. 82 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Lapse of building preservation noticesN.I.

83—(1) This section applies where a building preservation notice ceases to be in force by virtue of—

(a)the expiry of the 6 month period mentioned in subsection (3)(b) of section 81; or

(b)the service of a notification by the Department under subsection (4)(b) of that section.

(2) The fact that the notice has ceased to be in force shall not affect the liability of any person to be prosecuted and punished for an offence under section 85 or section 147 (as applied by section 157(6)) committed with respect to the building while it was in force.

(3) Any proceedings on or arising out of an application for listed building consent with respect to the building made while the notice was in force and any such consent granted while it was in force shall lapse.

(4) Any listed building enforcement notice served by the council while the building preservation notice was in force shall cease to have effect.

(5) Any proceedings relating to a listed building enforcement notice served by the council while the building preservation notice was in force shall lapse.

(6) Notwithstanding subsection (4), subsections (1) and (2) of section 146 (execution and costs of works required by enforcement notice), as applied by section 157(6), shall continue to have effect as respects any expenses incurred by the council or the owner or occupier as mentioned in that section and with respect to any sums paid on account of such expenses.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I165S. 83 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I166S. 83 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Issue of certificate that building is not intended to be listedN.I.

84—(1) Where—

(a)an application has been made for planning permission for any development involving the alteration, extension or demolition of a building; or

(b)any such planning permission has been granted,

the issue by the Department, on the application of any person, of a certificate stating that it does not intend to list the building shall—

(i)preclude the Department, for a period of 5 years from the date of issue of the certificate, from exercising in relation to that building any of the powers conferred on it by section 80; and

(ii)preclude a council for that period from issuing a building preservation notice in relation to it.

(2) An application for the issue of a certificate under subsection (1) must be made to the Department in writing and section 42 shall apply, with the appropriate modifications, in relation to an application for the issue of a certificate under subsection (1) as it applies in relation to an application for planning permission.

(3) Before issuing any certificate under subsection (1), the Department must consult with the Historic Buildings Council and the council for the district in which the building is situated.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I167S. 84 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I168S. 84 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Control of works for demolition, alteration or extension of listed buildingsN.I.

85—(1) Subject to this Part, if a person executes or causes to be executed any works for the demolition of a listed building or for its alteration or extension in any manner which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest, and the works are not authorised under subsection (2), that person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) Works for the demolition, alteration or extension of a listed building are authorised under this Part if—

(a)written consent for the execution of the works has been granted by a council or the Department and the works are carried out in accordance with the terms of the consent and any conditions which may be attached to the consent; and

(b)in the case of demolition—

(i)a person duly authorised in writing by the Department has been afforded reasonable access to the building for a period of at least one month following the grant of listed building consent and before the commencement of the works, for the purpose of recording it; or

(ii)the Department has stated in writing that it has completed its recording of the building or that it does not wish to record it.

(3) If written consent is granted by a council or the Department for the retention of works for the demolition of a listed building, or for its alteration or extension, which have been executed without consent under subsection (2), the works are authorised under this Part from the grant of the consent under this subsection.

(4) Consent under subsection (2) or (3) is referred to in this Act as “listed building consent”.

(5) Without prejudice to subsection (1), if a person executing or causing to be executed any works in relation to a listed building under a listed building consent fails to comply with any condition attached to the consent that person shall be guilty of an offence.

(6) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (5) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding £100,000, or both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or a fine, or both,

and in determining the amount of any fine imposed on a person convicted of an offence under subsection (1) or (5) the court shall have particular regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or is likely to accrue to that person in consequence of the offence.

(7) In proceedings for an offence under this section it shall be a defence to prove the following matters—

(a)that works to the building were urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health or for the preservation of the building;

(b)that it was not practicable to secure safety or health or, as the case may be, the preservation of the building by works of repair or works for affording temporary support or shelter;

(c)that the works carried out were limited to the minimum measures immediately necessary; and

(d)that notice in writing justifying in detail the carrying out of works was given to the council as soon as reasonably practicable.

(8) This section shall not apply to works for the demolition, alteration or extension of—

(a)an ecclesiastical building which is for the time being used for ecclesiastical purposes or would be so used but for the works; or

(b)a building for the time being included in the schedule of monuments compiled and maintained under Article 3 of the Historic Monuments and Archaeological Objects (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (NI 9);

and for the purposes of this subsection, a building used or available for use by a minister of religion wholly or mainly as a residence from which to perform the duties of that office shall be treated as not being an ecclesiastical building.

(9) Subsection (8) shall cease to have effect on such date as the Department may by order appoint.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I169S. 85 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I170S. 85 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Applications for listed building consentN.I.

86—(1) Any application to a council for listed building consent—

(a)must be made in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed; and

(b)must include such particulars, and be verified by such evidence, as may be required by the regulations or by any direction given by the council under the regulations.

(2) Regulations must require an application for listed building consent of such description as is prescribed to be accompanied by such of the following as is prescribed—

(a)a statement about the design principles and concepts that have been applied to the works in relation to which the application is made;

(b)a statement about how issues relating to access to the building have been dealt with.

(3) The form and content of a statement mentioned in subsection (2) is such as is prescribed.

(4) Provision may be made by regulations with respect to—

(a)requirements as to publicity in relation to applications for listed building consent;

(b)the time within which such applications are to be dealt with by councils or the Department;

(c)requirements as to consultation in relation to such applications;

(d)prohibiting the determination of such applications during such period as is prescribed;

(e)requirements on the council or, as the case may be, the Department to take account of responses from persons consulted and to notify the persons responding of the decision of the council or the Department on the application.

(5) Subsections (1) and (4)(b) shall apply to applications to a council or the Department for any approval of the council or, as the case may be, the Department required by a condition imposed on a grant of listed building consent as they apply to applications for listed building consent.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I171S. 86 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I172S. 86 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Notification of applications for listed building consent to certain personsN.I.

87—(1) Section 42 shall, with appropriate modifications, apply to applications for listed building consent in relation to any building as it applies to applications for planning permission in relation to any land.

(2) In the application of section 42(7) by virtue of subsection (1) for the words “specified in a development order” and “form so specified” there shall be substituted the words “ prescribed ” and “ prescribed form ”.

(3) References in the following provisions of this Part to section 42 are to that section as it applies by virtue of this section.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I173S. 87 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I174S. 87 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Call in of certain applications for listed building consent to DepartmentN.I.

88—(1) The Department may give directions requiring applications for listed building consent to be referred to it instead of being dealt with by councils.

(2) A direction under subsection (1) may relate either to a particular application, or to applications in respect of such buildings as may be specified in the direction.

(3) Where the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the Department of Justice has certified that an application for listed building consent is an application to which section 235 (national security) applies, the Department of the Environment must give a direction to the council to which the application was made requiring the application to be referred to the Department of the Environment instead of being dealt with by the council.

(4) An application in respect of which a direction under this section has effect shall be referred to the Department accordingly.

(5) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application for listed building consent to which section 235 applies which has been referred to it under this section, the Department must, subject to any rules made under section 235(2) or (5), cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(6) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application for listed building consent referred to it under this section, other than an application mentioned in subsection (5), the Department may cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(7) Where a public local inquiry is not held under subsection (6), the Department must, before determining the application, serve a notice on the applicant and the appropriate council indicating the decision which it proposes to make on the application; and if within such period as may be specified in that behalf in the notice (not being less than 28 days from the date of service of the notice), the applicant or the council so requests in writing, the Department shall afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(8) In determining an application for listed building consent referred to it, the Department must, where any inquiry or hearing is held, take into account any report of the planning appeals commission or a person appointed by the Department for the purposes of the inquiry or hearing, as the case may be.

(9) The decision of the Department on an application for listed building consent referred to it under this section shall be final.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I175S. 88 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I176S. 88 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Duty to notify Department of applications for listed building consentN.I.

89—(1) If a council to which an application is made for listed building consent intends to grant listed building consent it must first notify the Department of the application, giving particulars of the works for which the consent is required.

(2) The Department may within the period of 28 days beginning with the date of such a notification—

(a)direct the reference of the application to it under section 88; or

(b)give notice to the council that it requires further time in which to consider whether to require such a reference.

(3) The council must not grant listed building consent until—

(a)the period mentioned in subsection (2) has expired without the Department directing the reference of the application to it or giving the council notice under paragraph (b) of that subsection; or

(b)the Department has notified the council that it does not intend to require the reference of the application.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I177S. 89 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I178S. 89 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Directions concerning notification of applications, etc.N.I.

90—(1) The Department may direct that, in the case of such descriptions of applications for listed building consent as it may specify, section 89 shall not apply.

(2) Where a direction is in force under subsection (1) in respect of any description of application, councils may determine applications of that description in any manner they think fit, without notifying the Department.

(3) Where a direction is in force under subsection (1), the Department may direct a council that section 89 shall nevertheless apply—

(a)to a particular application for listed building consent; or

(b)to such descriptions of application for listed building consent as are specified in the direction;

and such a direction has effect in relation to any such application which has not been disposed of by the council by its granting or refusing consent.

(4) Without prejudice to sections 86, 88 and 89, the Department may give directions to councils requiring councils, in such cases or classes of case as may be specified in the directions, to notify the Department and such other persons as may be so specified—

(a)of any applications made to the councils for listed building consent; and

(b)of the decisions taken by the councils on those applications.

(5) Directions under subsection (1) or (4) may be given to councils generally or to particular councils or descriptions of councils.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I179S. 90 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I180S. 90 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Decision on application for listed building consentN.I.

91—(1) Listed building consent may be refused, or granted either unconditionally or subject to conditions.

(2) In considering whether to grant planning permission for development which affects a listed building or its setting, and in considering whether to grant listed building consent for any works, a council or, as the case may be, the Department must have special regard to the desirability of preserving the building or its setting or any features of special architectural or historic interest which it possesses.

(3) Without prejudice to sections 94 and 98, any grant of listed building consent shall (except in so far as the consent otherwise provides) have effect for the benefit of the building and of all persons for the time being having an estate therein.

(4) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the conditions subject to which listed building consent may be granted include conditions with respect to—

(a)the preservation of particular features of the building either as part of it or after severance from it;

(b)the making good, after the works are completed, of any damage caused to the building by the works; and

(c)the reconstruction of the building or any part of it following the execution of any works, with the use of original materials so far as practicable and with such alterations of the interior of the building as may be specified in the conditions.

(5) Listed building consent may be granted subject to a condition reserving specified details of the works (whether or not set out in the application) for subsequent approval by the council or, as the case may be, the Department.

(6) Listed building consent for the demolition of a listed building may be granted subject to a condition that the building shall not be demolished before a contract for the carrying out of works of redevelopment of the site has been made, and planning permission has been granted for the redevelopment for which the contract provides.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I181S. 91 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I182S. 91 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Power to decline to determine application for listed building consentN.I.

Power to decline to determine subsequent application for listed building consentN.I.

92—(1) A council may decline to determine an application for listed building consent if—

(a)one or more of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) is satisfied; and

(b)the council thinks there has been no significant change in any material considerations since the relevant event.

(2) The condition is that in the period of two years ending with the date on which the application mentioned in subsection (1) is received the Department has refused a similar application made under section 88.

(3) The condition is that in that period the planning appeals commission has dismissed an appeal—

(a)against the refusal of a similar application; or

(b)under section 97 in respect of a similar application.

(4) The condition is that—

(a)in that period the council has refused more than one similar application; and

(b)there has been no appeal to the planning appeals commission against any such refusal or, if there has been such an appeal, it has been withdrawn.

(5) The relevant event is—

(a)for the purposes of subsections (2) and (4) the refusal of the similar application;

(b)for the purposes of subsection (3) the dismissal of the appeal.

(6) An application for listed building consent is similar to another application if (and only if) the council thinks that the building and works to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I183S. 92 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I184S. 92 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Power to decline to determine overlapping application for listed building consentN.I.

93—(1) A council may decline to determine an application for listed building consent which is—

(a)made on the same day as a similar application; or

(b)made at a time when any of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) applies in relation to a similar application.

(2) The condition is that a similar application is under consideration by the council and the determination period for that application has not expired.

(3) The condition is that a similar application is under consideration—

(a)by the Department under section 88 and the Department has not issued its decision; or

(b)by the planning appeals commission on an appeal under section 96 or 97 and the commission has not issued its decision.

(4) The condition is that a similar application—

(a)has been granted by the council;

(b)has been refused by the council; or

(c)has not been determined by the council within the determination period,

and the time within which an appeal could be made to the planning appeals commission under section 96 or 97 has not expired.

(5) If a council exercises its power under subsection (1)(a) to decline to determine an application made on the same day as a similar application, it may not also exercise that power to decline to determine the similar application.

(6) An application for listed building consent is similar to another application if (and only if) the council thinks that the building and works to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

(7) The determination period is—

(a)the period prescribed for the determination of the application; or

(b)such longer period as the applicant and the council have agreed for the determination of the application.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I185S. 93 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I186S. 93 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Duration of listed building consentN.I.

94—(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, every listed building consent must be granted subject to the condition that the works to which it relates must be begun not later than—

(a)5 years beginning with the date on which the consent is granted; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) beginning with that date as the council or, as the case may be, the Department may direct, being a period which the council or the Department considers appropriate having regard to any material considerations.

(2) If listed building consent is granted without the condition required by subsection (1), it shall be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition that the works to which it relates must be begun not later than the expiration of 5 years beginning with the date of the grant.

(3) Nothing in this section applies to any consent to the retention of works granted under section 85(3).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I187S. 94 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I188S. 94 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Consent to execute works without compliance with conditions previously attachedN.I.

95—(1) This section applies to applications for listed building consent for the execution of works to a building without complying with conditions subject to which a previous listed building consent was granted.

(2) Regulations may make provision with respect to—

(a)the form and content of such applications; and

(b)the procedure to be followed in connection with such applications.

(3) On such an application the authority which granted the previous listed building consent must consider only the question of the conditions subject to which listed building consent should be granted, and—

(a)if the council or the Department decides that listed building consent should be granted subject to conditions differing from those subject to which the previous consent was granted, or that it should be granted unconditionally, the council or, as the case may be, the Department must grant listed building consent accordingly; and

(b)if the council or the Department decides that listed building consent should be granted subject to the same conditions as those subject to which the previous consent was granted, the council or, as the case may be, the Department must refuse the application.

(4) This section does not apply where the application is made after the previous listed building consent has become time-expired, that is to say, the previous consent having been granted subject to a condition as to the time within which the works to which it related were to be begun, that time has expired without the works having been begun.

(5) Listed building consent shall not be granted under this section to the extent that it has effect to change a condition subject to which a previous listed building consent was granted by extending the time limit within which the works must be begun.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I189S. 95 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I190S. 95 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Appeal against decisionN.I.

96—(1) Where an application is made to a council—

(a)for listed building consent; or

(b)for any approval of the council required by a condition imposed on a grant of listed building consent,

then, if that consent or approval is refused or is granted subject to conditions, the applicant may by notice in writing under this subsection appeal to the planning appeals commission.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any application referred to the Department under section 88.

(3) Any notice under this section must be served on the planning appeals commission within 4 months from the date of notification of the decision to which it relates or such other period as may be prescribed.

(4) Where an appeal is brought under this section from a decision of a council, the planning appeals commission, subject to subsections (5) and (6), may allow or dismiss the appeal or may reverse or vary any part of the decision whether the appeal relates to that part of the decision or not and may deal with the application as if it had been made to it in the first instance.

(5) Before determining an appeal under this section, the planning appeals commission must, if either the applicant or the council so wishes, afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the commission.

(6) Sections 87 and 95 and any provisions made under regulations made in accordance with section 86(4)(a) shall apply, with any necessary modifications, in relation to an appeal to the planning appeals commission under this subsection as they apply to an application for listed building consent.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I191S. 96 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I192S. 96 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Appeal against failure to take decisionN.I.

97  Where any such application as is mentioned in section 96(1) is made to a council, then unless within such period as may be prescribed, or within such extended period as may be agreed upon in writing between the applicant and the council, the council gives notice to the applicant of its decision on the application or gives notice to the applicant that it has exercised its power under section 92 or 93 to decline to determine the application, section 96 shall apply in relation to the application—

(a)as if the consent or approval to which it relates had been refused by the council; and

(b)as if notification of the council's decision had been received by the applicant at the end of the prescribed period, or at the end of the extended period, as the case may be.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I193S. 97 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I194S. 97 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Revocation or modification of listed building consent by councilN.I.

98—(1) If it appears to a council, having regard to the local development plan and to any other material considerations, that it is expedient to revoke or modify listed building consent in respect of any works to a building within its district, being consent granted on an application made under this Part, the council may, subject to subsection (2), by order revoke or modify the consent to such extent as (having regard to those matters) it considers expedient.

(2) The power conferred by this section to revoke or modify listed building consent in respect of any works may be exercised at any time before those works have been completed, but the revocation or modification shall not affect so much of those works as has been previously carried out.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I195S. 98 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I196S. 98 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Procedure for section 98 orders: opposed casesN.I.

99—(1) Except as provided in section 100, an order made by a council under section 98 shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Department.

(2) Where a council submits such an order to the Department for confirmation it must serve notice on—

(a)the owner of the building affected;

(b)the occupier of that building; and

(c)any other person who in the opinion of the council will be affected by the order.

(3) The notice must specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days after its service) within which any person on whom it is served may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(4) If within that period a person on whom the notice is served so requires, the Department must give such an opportunity both to that person and to the council before it confirms the order.

(5) The Department may confirm an order submitted to it under this section either without modification or subject to such modifications as it considers expedient.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I197S. 99 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I198S. 99 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Procedure for section 98 orders: unopposed casesN.I.

100—(1) This section applies where—

(a)a council has made an order under section 98 revoking or modifying a listed building consent granted by it; and

(b)the owner and occupier of the land and all persons who in the council's opinion will be affected by the order have notified the council in writing that they do not object to the order.

(2) Where this section applies, instead of submitting the order to the Department for confirmation the council must—

(a)advertise in the prescribed manner the fact that the order has been made, specifying in the advertisement—

(i)the period within which persons affected by the order may give notice to the Department that they wish for an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission; and

(ii)the period at the end of which, if no such notice is given to the Department, the order may take effect by virtue of this section without being confirmed by the Department;

(b)serve notice to the same effect on the persons mentioned in subsection (1)(b);

(c)send a copy of any such advertisement to the Department not more than 3 days after its publication.

(3) The period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i) must not be less than 28 days from the date on which the advertisement first appears.

(4) The period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii) must not be less than 14 days from the end of the period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i).

(5) If—

(a)no person claiming to be affected by the order has given notice to the Department as mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(i) within the period referred to in that subsection; and

(b)the Department has not directed within that period that the order be submitted to it for confirmation,

the order shall take effect at the end of the period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii) without being confirmed by the Department as required by section 99(1).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I199S. 100 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I200S. 100 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Revocation or modification of listed building consent by the DepartmentN.I.

101—(1) If it appears to the Department that it is expedient that an order should be made under section 98 revoking or modifying any listed building consent granted on an application under this Part, it may make such an order revoking or modifying the consent to such extent as it considers expedient.

(2) In performing its functions under subsection (1) the Department must have regard to any material considerations.

(3) The Department must not make an order under that subsection without consulting the appropriate council.

(4) Where the Department proposes to make such an order it must serve notice on—

(a)the owner of the building affected;

(b)the occupier of that building; and

(c)any other person who in its opinion will be affected by the order.

(5) The notice must specify the period (which shall not be less than 28 days after its service) within which any person on whom it is served may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(6) If within that period a person on whom it is served so requires, before the Department makes the order it must give such an opportunity both to that person and to the council.

(7) The power conferred by this section to revoke or modify listed building consent in respect of any works may be exercised at any time before those works have been completed, but the revocation or modification shall not affect so much of those works as has been previously carried out.

(8) An order under this section shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the council under section 98 and confirmed by the Department under section 99.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I201S. 101 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I202S. 101 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Applications to determine whether listed building consent requiredN.I.

102—(1) If any person who proposes to execute or cause to be executed any works to a listed building wishes to have it determined whether those works would involve the alteration or extension of the building in any manner which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest, that person may apply to the council to determine that question.

(2) The provisions of sections 86(1), 96 and 97 shall, subject to any necessary modifications, apply in relation to any application under this section, and to the determination of that application, as those sections apply in relation to applications for listed building consent and to the determination of such applications.

(3) Where an application for listed building consent is made to a council and it appears to the council that the execution of the works specified in the application does not involve the alteration or extension of a listed building in any manner which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest, the council may treat the application for listed building consent as an application under this section and may make an appropriate determination.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I203S. 102 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I204S. 102 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Acts causing or likely to result in damage to listed buildingsN.I.

103—(1) Where a building, not being a building excluded by subsection (8) of section 85 from the operation of that section, is included in a list compiled under section 80, then, if any person who, but for this section, would be entitled to do so—

(a)does or permits the doing of any act which causes or is likely to result in damage to the building (other than an act for the execution of excepted works); and

(b)does or permits the act with the intention of causing such damage,

that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(i)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; or

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(2) In subsection (1) “excepted works” means—

(a)works authorised by planning permission granted in pursuance of an application under this Act; or

(b)works for which listed building consent has been given under this Act.

(3) Where a person convicted under this section fails to take such reasonable steps as may be necessary to prevent any damage or further damage resulting from the offence, that person shall be guilty of a further offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one-tenth of level 5 on the standard scale for each day on which the failure continues.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I205S. 103 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I206S. 103 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Areas of special architectural or historic interestN.I.

Conservation areasN.I.

104—(1) A council may designate areas of special architectural or historic interest within its district the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

(2) The Department may from time to time determine that any part of an area within a council's district which is not for the time being designated as a conservation area is an area of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance; and, if the Department so determines, it may designate that part as a conservation area.

(3) Before making a determination under subsection (2) the Department must consult the council concerned.

(4) A designation under subsection (1) or (2) may be varied or cancelled by the authority which made the designation.

(5) Subject to subsection (6), before making, varying or cancelling a designation under this section, the council or, as the case may be, the Department must consult with—

(a)the Historic Buildings Council;

(b)such other persons or bodies as may be prescribed.

(6) A designation under this section may be made without consulting the persons or bodies mentioned in subsection (5)(b), but a designation made without such consultation shall only have effect for a period of 6 months beginning on the date on which the designation was made.

(7) A council must give notice of the designation of any part of its district as a conservation area under subsection (1) and of any variation or cancellation of any such designation to the Department.

(8) The Department must give notice of the designation of any part of the district of a council as a conservation area under subsection (2) and of any variation or cancellation of any such designation to the council.

(9) A notice under subsection (7) or (8) must contain sufficient particulars to identify the area affected.

(10) Notice of any such designation, variation or cancellation as is mentioned in subsection (7) or (8), with particulars of its effect and sufficient particulars to identify the area affected, must be published in at least one newspaper circulating in the council's district, by that council or, as the case may be, the Department.

(11) Where any area is for the time being designated as a conservation area, special regard must be had, in the exercise, with respect to any buildings or other land in that area, of any powers under this Act, to the desirability of—

(a)preserving the character or appearance of that area in cases where an opportunity for enhancing its character or appearance does not arise;

(b)enhancing the character or appearance of that area in cases where an opportunity to do so does arise.

(12) In this Act “conservation area” means an area designated under subsection (1) or (2).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I207S. 104 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I208S. 104 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Control of demolition in conservation areasN.I.

105—(1) This section applies to all buildings in conservation areas other than—

(a)listed buildings;

(b)buildings of a class specified in section 85(8);

(c)buildings in relation to which a direction under subsection (4) is for the time being in force.

(2) A building to which this section applies shall not be demolished without the consent (in this Act referred to as a “conservation area consent”) of the appropriate authority.

(3) The appropriate authority for the purposes of this section is—

(a)in relation to applications for consent made by councils, the Department;

(b)in relation to other applications for consent, the council or the Department.

(4) The Department may direct that this section shall not apply to a description of buildings specified in the direction.

(5) Where the Department gives a direction under subsection (4), it must publish a copy of the direction in the Belfast Gazette and in a newspaper circulating in the area in which the buildings are situated.

(6) Sections 85 to 102, 107, 157 to 160, 181 and 191 shall have effect in relation to buildings to which this section applies as they have effect in relation to listed buildings, subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed.

(7) If this section ceases to apply to a building—

(a)any proceedings on or arising out of an application for conservation area consent made while this section applied to the building shall lapse;

(b)any conservation area consent granted with respect to the building shall also lapse;

(c)the cesser shall not affect the liability of any person to be prosecuted and punished for an offence under section 85 or 157 (as applied by subsection (6)) committed by that person with respect to the building while this section applied to it.

(8) For the purposes of this section, any reference to demolition, in relation to a building to which this section applies, includes a reference to any structural alteration of that building where the alteration consists of demolishing part of the building.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I209S. 105 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I210S. 105 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Grants in relation to conservation areasN.I.

106—(1) The Department may, in relation to any conservation area, make grants or loans for the purpose of defraying in whole or in part any expenditure incurred or to be incurred in or in connection with, or with a view to the promotion of, the preservation or enhancement of the character or appearance of the area or any part thereof.

(2) A grant or loan under this section may be made subject to such conditions as the Department thinks fit.

(3) Any loan under this section must be made on such terms as to repayment, payment of interest and otherwise as the Department may with the approval of the Department of Finance and Personnel determine; and all sums received by the Department by way of interest on, or repayment of, such a loan shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I211S. 106 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I212S. 106 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Land and works of councilsN.I.

Application of Chapter 1, etc., to land and works of councilsN.I.

107—(1) In relation to land of an interested council, section 80 shall have effect subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed.

(2) The provisions listed in subsection (3) shall apply in relation to applications by interested councils relating to the execution of works for the demolition, alteration or extension of listed buildings, subject to regulations made by virtue of this subsection.

(3) The provisions are—

(a)the provisions included in this Chapter (except for sections 92, 93 and 102);

(b)the provisions of Part 5;

(c)sections 181 and 186;

(d)the provisions of Part 7 (except for section 192);

(e)sections 223 and 242.

(4) Regulations made under subsection (2) may—

(a)provide for any of the provisions listed in subsection (3) to apply subject to prescribed exceptions or modifications or not to apply;

(b)make new provision as to any matter dealt with in any of those provisions.

(5) Regulations made under subsection (2) may in particular provide—

(a)for the making of applications for listed building consent to the Department; and

(b)for the procedure to be followed on such applications.

(6) In this section “interested council”, in relation to any land, means any council which exercises any functions of a council under this Chapter in relation to that land and, for the purposes of this section, land is land of a council if the council has any estate in it.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I213S. 107 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I214S. 107 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

CHAPTER 2N.I.HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES

Requirement of hazardous substances consentN.I.

108—(1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the presence of a hazardous substance on, over or under land requires the consent of the council (in this Act referred to as “hazardous substances consent”) unless the aggregate quantity of the substance—

(a)on, over or under the land;

(b)on, over or under other land which is controlled by the same person and which, in all the circumstances (including in particular the purpose for which the land and the land mentioned in paragraph (a) is used), forms with the land so mentioned a single establishment;

(c)on, over or under other land which is within 500 metres of the land mentioned in paragraph (a) and controlled by the same person; or

(d)in or on a structure controlled by the same person any part of which is within 500 metres of the land mentioned in paragraph (a),

is less than the controlled quantity.

(2) A quantity of a substance which falls within more than one paragraph of subsection (1) shall only be counted once.

(3) The temporary presence of a hazardous substance while it is being transported from one place to another is not to be taken into account unless—

(a)it is unloaded; or

(b)it is present on, over or under land in respect of which there is a hazardous substances consent for any substance, or in respect of which (not taking into account the quantity of the substance being transported) there is required to be such a consent for any substance.

(4) The Department—

(a)must by regulations specify—

(i)the substances that are hazardous substances for the purposes of this Act;

(ii)the quantity which is to be the controlled quantity of any such substance;

(b)may by regulations provide that hazardous substances consent is not required or is only required—

(i)in relation to land of prescribed descriptions;

(ii)by reason of the presence of hazardous substances in prescribed circumstances;

(c)may by regulations provide that, except in such circumstances as may be prescribed, all hazardous substances falling within a group specified in the regulations are to be treated as a single substance for the purposes of this Act.

(5) Regulations which—

(a)are made by virtue of paragraph (a)(i) of subsection (4); or

(b)are made by virtue of paragraph (a)(ii) of that subsection and reduce the controlled quantity of a substance,

may make such transitional provision as appears to the Department to be appropriate.

(6) Bodies corporate which are inter-connected for the purposes of the Fair Trading Act 1973 (c. 41) are to be treated as being one person for the purposes of this section and sections 109 to 117 and 162.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I215S. 108 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I216S. 108 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Applications for hazardous substances consentN.I.

109—(1) Provision may be made by regulations with respect to—

(a)the form and manner in which applications for hazardous substances consent are to be made;

(b)the particulars which they are to contain and the evidence by which they are to be verified;

(c)the manner in which they are to be advertised; and

(d)the time within which they are to be dealt with.

(2) Regulations may provide that an application for hazardous substances consent, or an appeal against the refusal of such an application or against the imposition of a condition on such a consent, must not be entertained unless it is accompanied by a certificate in the prescribed form and corresponding to one or other of those described in section 42(1)(a) to (d); and any such regulations may—

(a)include requirements corresponding to sections 42(4) and 45(4); and

(b)make provision as to who is to be treated as in actual possession of land for the purposes of any provision of the regulations.

(3) If any person issues a certificate which purports to comply with the requirements of regulations made by virtue of subsection (2) and which contains a statement which that person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular, or recklessly issues a certificate which purports to comply with those requirements and which contains a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular, that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(4) Regulations—

(a)may require an applicant for hazardous substances consent or the council or both to give publicity to an application for hazardous substances consent in such manner as may be prescribed;

(b)may require the council to consult with the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland and with such other bodies or persons as may be prescribed before determining applications for hazardous substances consent;

(c)may provide for the manner in which such a consultation is to be carried out and the time within which—

(i)such a consultation;

(ii)any stage in such a consultation,

is to be completed;

(d)may require the council to determine applications for hazardous substances consent within such time as may be prescribed;

(e)may require councils to give prescribed persons or bodies prescribed information about applications for hazardous substances consent, including information as to the manner in which such applications have been dealt with;

(f)may prohibit councils from granting hazardous substances consent during such period as may be prescribed.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I217S. 109 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I218S. 109 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Determination of applications for hazardous substances consentN.I.

110—(1) Subject to the following provisions of this Act, where an application is made to a council for hazardous substances consent, the council, in dealing with the application, must have regard to any material considerations, and—

(a)may grant hazardous substances consent, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as it thinks fit; or

(b)may refuse hazardous substances consent.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), in dealing with an application the council must have regard—

(a)to any current or contemplated use of the land to which the application relates;

(b)to the way in which land in the vicinity is being used or is likely to be used;

(c)to any planning permission that has been granted for development of land in the vicinity;

(d)to the provisions of the local development plan; and

(e)to any advice which the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland has given following consultations in pursuance of regulations made under section 109(4).

(3) If an application relates to more than one hazardous substance, the council may make different determinations in relation to each.

(4) It shall be the duty of a council, when granting hazardous substances consent, to include in that consent—

(a)a description of the land to which the consent relates;

(b)a description of the hazardous substance or substances to which it relates; and

(c)in respect of each hazardous substance to which it relates, a statement of the maximum quantity permitted by the consent to be present at any one time and of all conditions relating to that substance subject to which the consent is granted.

(5) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a council may grant hazardous substances consent subject to conditions with respect to any of the following—

(a)how and where any hazardous substance to which the consent relates is to be kept or used;

(b)times between which any such substance may be present;

(c)the permanent removal of any such substance—

(i)on or before a date specified in the consent; or

(ii)before the end of a period specified in it and commencing on the date on which it is granted;

(d)the consent being conditional on the commencement or partial or complete execution of development on the land which is authorised by a specified planning permission.

(6) A council may only grant consent subject to conditions as to how a hazardous substance is to be kept or used if the conditions are conditions to which the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland has advised the council that any consent it might grant should be subject.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I219S. 110 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I220S. 110 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Grant of hazardous substances consent without compliance with conditions previously attachedN.I.

111—(1) This section applies to an application for hazardous substances consent without a condition subject to which a previous hazardous substances consent was granted.

(2) Regulations may make provision with respect to—

(a)the form and content of such applications; and

(b)the procedure to be followed in relation to such applications.

(3) On such an application the authority which granted the previous hazardous substances consent must consider only the question of the conditions subject to which hazardous substances consent should be granted, and—

(a)if it determines that hazardous substances consent should be granted subject to conditions differing from those subject to which the previous consent was granted, or that it should be granted unconditionally, the authority must grant hazardous substances consent accordingly; and

(b)if it determines that hazardous substances consent should be granted subject to the same conditions as those subject to which the previous consent was granted, the authority must refuse the application.

(4) Where—

(a)hazardous substances consent has been granted for the presence on, over or under land of more than one hazardous substance; and

(b)an application under this section does not relate to all the substances,

the authority shall only have regard to any condition relating to a substance to which the application does not relate to the extent that it has implications for a substance to which the application does relate.

(5) Where—

(a)more than one hazardous substances consent has been granted in respect of the same land; and

(b)an application under this section does not relate to all the consents,

the authority shall only have regard to any consent to which the application does not relate to the extent that it has implications for consent to which the application does relate.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I221S. 111 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I222S. 111 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Revocation or modification of hazardous substances consentN.I.

112—(1) If it appears to a council that—

(a)there has been a material change of use of land to which a hazardous substances consent relates; or

(b)planning permission has been granted for development the carrying out of which would involve a material change of use of such land and the development to which the permission relates has been commenced,

it may by order—

(i)if the consent relates only to one substance, revoke it;

(ii)if it relates to more than one, revoke it or revoke it so far as it relates to a specified substance.

(2) A council may by order—

(a)revoke a hazardous substances consent which relates to only one substance if it appears to the council that that substance has not for at least 5 years been present on, over or under the land to which the consent relates in a quantity equal to or exceeding the controlled quantity; and

(b)revoke a hazardous substances consent which relates to a number of substances if it appears to the council that none of those substances has for at least 5 years been so present.

(3) A council may by order revoke a hazardous substances consent or modify it to such extent as it considers expedient if it appears to the council, having regard to any material consideration, that it is expedient to revoke or modify it.

(4) An order under this section must specify the grounds on which it is made.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I223S. 112 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I224S. 112 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Confirmation by Department of section 112 ordersN.I.

113—(1) An order under section 112 shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Department.

(2) The Department may confirm any such order submitted to it either without modification or subject to such modification as it considers expedient.

(3) Where a council submits an order under section 112 to the Department for its confirmation under this section, the council must serve notice of the order—

(a)on any person who is an owner of the whole or any part of the land to which the order relates;

(b)on any person other than an owner who appears to it to be in control of the whole or any part of that land;

(c)on any other person who in its opinion will be affected by the order.

(4) A notice under subsection (3) must specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days from the service of it) within which any person on whom the notice is served may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the planning appeals commission.

(5) If such a person so requires, the Department, before confirming the order, must give that person and the council such an opportunity.

(6) Where an order under section 112 has been confirmed by the Department, the council must serve a copy of the order on every person who was entitled to be served with notice under subsection (3).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I225S. 113 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I226S. 113 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Call in of certain applications for hazardous substances consent to DepartmentN.I.

114—(1) The Department may give directions requiring applications for hazardous consent to be referred to it instead of being dealt with by a council.

(2) A direction under subsection (1)—

(a)may be given either to a particular council or to councils generally; and

(b)may relate either to a particular application or to applications of a class specified in the direction.

(3) Where the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the Department of Justice has certified that an application for hazardous substances consent is an application to which section 235 (national security) applies, the Department of the Environment must give a direction to the council to which the application was made requiring the application to be referred to the Department of the Environment instead of being dealt with by the council.

(4) Where an application for hazardous substances consent is referred to the Department under this section, sections 109 and 110 shall apply, with any necessary modifications, as they apply to such an application which falls to be determined by a council.

(5) Any application in respect of which a direction under this section has effect shall be referred to the Department accordingly.

(6) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application to which section 235 applies which has been referred to it under this section, the Department must, subject to any rules made under subsection (2) or (5) of that section, cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department for the purpose.

(7) For the purpose of considering representations made in respect of an application referred to it under this section, other than an application mentioned in subsection (6), the Department may cause a public local inquiry to be held by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department.

(8) Where a public local inquiry is not held under subsection (7), the Department must, before determining the application, serve a notice on the applicant and the appropriate council indicating the decision which it proposes to make on the application; and if within such period as may be specified in that behalf in the notice (not being less than 28 days from the date of service thereof), either the applicant or the council so requests in writing, the Department shall afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by—

(a)the planning appeals commission; or

(b)a person appointed by the Department.

(9) In determining an application referred to it under this section, the Department shall, where any inquiry or hearing is held, take into account the report of the planning appeals commission.

(10) The decision of the Department on an application referred to it under this section shall be final.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I227S. 114 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I228S. 114 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

AppealsN.I.

115—(1) Where an application for hazardous substances consent is made to a council, then if that consent is refused or is granted subject to conditions the applicant may by notice in writing under this section appeal to the planning appeals commission.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any application referred to the Department under section 114.

(3) Any notice under this section must be served on the planning appeals commission within 4 months from the date of notification of the decision to which it relates or such other period as may be prescribed.

(4) Where an appeal is brought under this section the planning appeals commission—

(a)must publish notice of the appeal in at least one newspaper circulating in the locality in which the land to which the appeal relates is situated; and

(b)must not determine the appeal before the expiration of 14 days from the date on which notice of the appeal is first published in a newspaper in pursuance of paragraph (a).

(5) Where an appeal is brought under this section from a decision of a council, the planning appeals commission, subject to subsection (6), may allow or dismiss the appeal or may reverse or vary any part of the decision whether the appeal relates to that part of the decision or not, and may deal with the application as if it had been made to it in the first instance.

(6) Before determining an appeal under this section, the planning appeals commission must, if either the applicant or the council so desires, afford to each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by the commission.

(7) Where an application for hazardous substances consent is made to a council then unless within the prescribed period, or within such extended period as may be agreed upon in writing between the applicant and the council, the council either—

(a)gives notice to the applicant of its decision on the application; or

(b)gives notice to the applicant that the application has been referred to the Department under section 114,

subsections (1) to (6) shall apply in relation to the application—

(i)as if the consent to which it relates had been refused by the council; and

(ii)as if notification of the council's decision had been received by the applicant at the end of the prescribed period, or at the end of the extended period, as the case may be.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I229S. 115 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I230S. 115 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Effect of hazardous substances consent and change of control of landN.I.

116—(1) Without prejudice to the provisions of this Part, any hazardous substances consent shall (except in so far as it otherwise provides) have effect for the benefit of the land to which it relates and of all persons for the time being having an estate therein.

(2) A hazardous substances consent shall cease to have effect if there is a change of the person in control of part of the land to which it relates, unless an application for the continuation of the consent has previously been made to the council.

(3) Regulations may make provision in relation to applications under subsection (2) corresponding to any provision that may be made by regulations under section 109 in relation to applications for hazardous substances consent.

(4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply if the control of land changes from one emanation of the Crown to another.

(5) When such an application is made, the council, having regard to any material consideration—

(a)may modify the consent in any way it considers appropriate; or

(b)may revoke it.

(6) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (5), in dealing with an application the council must have regard to—

(a)the matters to which it is required to have regard by section 110(2); and

(b)any advice given by the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland in relation to the application.

(7) If an application relates to more than one consent, the council may make different determinations in relation to each.

(8) If a consent relates to more than one hazardous substance, the council may make different determinations in relation to each.

(9) It shall be the duty of the council, when continuing hazardous substances consent, to attach to the consent one of the following—

(a)a statement that it is unchanged in relation to the matters included in it by virtue of section 110(4);

(b)a statement of any change in respect of those matters.

(10) The modifications which the council may make by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (5) include, without prejudice to the generality of that paragraph, the making of the consent subject to conditions with respect to any of the matters mentioned in section 110(5).

(11) Subject to subsection (12), section 115 shall have effect in relation to applications under subsection (2) and to decisions on such applications as though they were applications for hazardous substances consent.

(12) In the application of section 115 by virtue of subsection (11)—

(a)subsection (2) of that section is omitted; and

(b)in subsection (7) of that section for the words from “either” to the end there are substituted the words “ gives notice to the applicant of its decision on the application, the application shall be deemed to have been granted. ”.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I231S. 116 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I232S. 116 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

OffencesN.I.

117—(1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, if there is a contravention of hazardous substances control, the appropriate person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) There is a contravention of hazardous substances control—

(a)if a quantity of a hazardous substance equal to or exceeding the controlled quantity is or has been present on, over or under land and either—

(i)there is no hazardous substances consent for the presence of the substance; or

(ii)there is hazardous substances consent for its presence but the quantity present exceeds the maximum quantity permitted by the consent;

(b)if there is or has been a failure to comply with a condition subject to which a hazardous substances consent was granted.

(3) In subsection (1) “the appropriate person” means—

(a)in relation to a contravention falling within paragraph (a) of subsection (2)—

(i)any person knowingly causing the substance to be present on, over or under the land;

(ii)any person allowing it to be so present; and

(b)in relation to a contravention falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection, the person in control of the land.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £100,000;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine,

and in determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person convicted of an offence under this section, the court must in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to that person in consequence of the offence.

(5) In any proceedings for an offence under this section it shall be a defence for the accused to prove—

(a)that the accused took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid commission of the offence; or

(b)that commission of the offence could be avoided only by the taking of action amounting to a breach of a statutory duty.

(6) In any proceedings for an offence consisting of a contravention falling within subsection (2)(a), it shall be a defence for the accused to prove that at the time of the alleged commission of the offence the accused did not know, and had no reason to believe,—

(a)if the case falls within paragraph (a)(i) of that subsection—

(i)that the substance was present; or

(ii)that it was present in a quantity equal to or exceeding the controlled quantity;

(b)if the case falls within paragraph (a)(ii) of that subsection, that the substance was present in a quantity exceeding the maximum quantity permitted by the consent.

(7) In any proceedings for an offence consisting of a contravention falling within subsection (2)(b), it shall be a defence for the accused to prove that the accused did not know, and had no reason to believe, that there was a failure to comply with a condition subject to which hazardous substances consent had been granted.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I233S. 117 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I234S. 117 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

EmergenciesN.I.

118—(1) If it appears to the Department—

(a)either—

(i)that the community or part of it is being or is likely to be deprived of an essential service or commodity; or

(ii)that there is or is likely to be a shortage of such a service or commodity affecting the community or part of it; and

(b)that the presence of a hazardous substance on, over or under land specified in the direction in circumstances such that hazardous substances consent would be required, is necessary for the effective provision of that service or commodity,

it may direct that, subject to such conditions or exceptions as it thinks fit, the presence of the substance on, over or under the land is not to constitute a contravention of hazardous substances control so long as the direction remains in force.

(2) A direction under this section—

(a)may be revoked at any time;

(b)must in any case cease to have effect at the end of the period of 3 months beginning with the day on which it was given, but without prejudice to the Department's power to give a further direction.

(3) The Department must send a copy of any such direction to the council in whose district any land affected by the direction is situated and to the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I235S. 118 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I236S. 118 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Health and safety requirementsN.I.

119—(1) Nothing in—

(a)any hazardous substances consent granted or deemed to be granted; or

(b)any hazardous substances contravention notice issued under section 162 (hazardous substances contravention notices),

shall require or allow anything to be done in contravention of any of the relevant statutory provisions or any prohibition notice or improvement notice served under or by virtue of any of those provisions; and to the extent that such a consent or notice purports to require or allow any such thing to be done, it shall be void.

(2) Where it appears to a council after a hazardous substances consent has been granted, or is deemed to have been granted, or after a hazardous substances contravention notice has been issued that the consent or notice or part of it is rendered void by subsection (1), the council must, as soon as is reasonably practicable, consult the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland with regard to the matter.

(3) If the Executive advises the council that the consent or notice is rendered wholly void, the council must revoke it.

(4) If the Executive advises that part of the consent or notice is rendered void, the council must so modify it as to render it wholly operative.

(5) In this section, “relevant statutory provisions”, “improvement notice” and “prohibition notice” have the same meanings as in the Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (NI 9).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I237S. 119 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I238S. 119 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Applications by councils for hazardous substances consentN.I.

120—(1) The provisions listed in subsection (2) shall apply in relation to granting hazardous substances consent to councils, subject to regulations made by virtue of this subsection.

(2) The provisions are—

(a)the provisions of this Chapter;

(b)the provisions of Part 5;

(c)sections 182, 184, 223 and 242.

(3) Regulations made under subsection (1) may—

(a)provide for any of the provisions listed in subsection (2) to apply subject to prescribed exceptions or modifications or not to apply;

(b)make new provision as to any matter dealt with in any of those provisions.

(4) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 8 to the Electricity (Northern Ireland) Order 1992 (NI 1), any regulations made under subsection (1) may in particular provide for securing—

(a)that any application by a council for hazardous substances consent in respect of the presence of a hazardous substance on, over or under land shall be made to the Department and not to the council;

(b)that any order or notice authorised to be made, issued or served under this Chapter or Part 5 shall be made, issued or served by the Department and not by the council.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I239S. 120 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I240S. 120 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Chapter 3N.I.Trees

Planning permission to include appropriate provision for treesN.I.

121  It shall be the duty of a council, and the Department, to—

(a)ensure, wherever it is appropriate, that in granting planning permission for any development, adequate provision is made, by the imposition of conditions, for the preservation or planting of trees; and

(b)make such orders under section 122 as appear to the council or, as the case may be, the Department to be necessary in connection with the grant of such permission, whether for giving effect to such conditions or otherwise.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I241S. 121 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I242S. 121 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Tree preservation orders: councilsN.I.

122—(1) Where it appears to a council that it is expedient in the interests of amenity to make provision for the preservation of trees or woodlands in its district, it may for that purpose make an order (in this Act referred to as a “tree preservation order”) with respect to such trees, groups of trees or woodlands as may be specified in the order; and in particular, provision may be made by any such order—

(a)for prohibiting (subject to any exemptions for which provision may be made by the order) the cutting down, topping, lopping, uprooting, wilful damage or wilful destruction of trees except with the consent of the council, and for enabling the council to give its consent subject to conditions;

(b)for securing the replanting, in such manner as may be specified by or under the order, of any part of a woodland area which is felled in the course of forestry operations permitted by or under the order;

(c)for applying, in relation to any consent under the order and to applications for such consent, any of the provisions of Part 3, subject to such adaptations and modifications as may be specified in the order.

(2) A tree preservation order may be made so as to apply, in relation to trees to be planted pursuant to any such conditions as are mentioned in section 121(a), as from the time when those trees are planted.

(3) A tree preservation order shall not take effect until it is confirmed by the council and the council may confirm any such order either without modification or subject to such modifications as it considers expedient.

(4) The Department may make regulations as to the form of tree preservation orders and the procedure to be followed in connection with the making and confirmation of such orders; and the regulations may, in particular, make provision as follows—

(a)that, before a tree preservation order is confirmed by a council, notice of the making of the order shall be given to the owners and occupiers of land affected by the order and to such other persons, if any, as may be specified in the regulations;

(b)that objections and representations with respect to the order, if duly made in accordance with the regulations, shall be considered before the order is confirmed by the council; and

(c)that copies of the order, when confirmed by the council, must be served on such persons as may be specified in the regulations.

(5) Without prejudice to any other exemptions for which provision may be made by a tree preservation order, no such order shall apply to the cutting down, uprooting, topping or lopping of trees which are dead or have become dangerous or the cutting down, uprooting, topping or lopping of any trees in compliance with any obligations imposed by or under any statutory provision or so far as may be necessary for the prevention or abatement of a nuisance.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I243S. 122 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I244S. 122 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Provisional tree preservation ordersN.I.

123—(1) If it appears to a council that a tree preservation order proposed to be made by that council should take effect immediately without previous confirmation, it may include in the order as made by it a direction that this section shall apply to the order.

(2) Notwithstanding section 122(3), an order which contains such a direction—

(a)shall take effect provisionally on such date as may be specified in it; and

(b)shall continue in force by virtue of this section until—

(i)the expiration of a period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the order was made; or

(ii)the date on which the order is confirmed,

whichever first occurs.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I245S. 123 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I246S. 123 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Power for Department to make tree preservation ordersN.I.

124—(1) If it appears to the Department, after consultation with the appropriate council, to be expedient that a tree preservation order or an order amending or revoking such an order should be made, the Department may make such an order.

(2) Any order so made by the Department shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the appropriate council and confirmed by it under this Chapter.

(3) The provisions of this Chapter and of any regulations made under it with respect to the procedure to be followed in connection with the making and confirmation of any order to which subsection (1) applies and the service of copies of it as confirmed shall have effect, subject to any necessary modifications—

(a)in relation to any proposal by the Department to make such an order,

(b)in relation to the making of it by the Department, and

(c)in relation to the service of copies of it as so made.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I247S. 124 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I248S. 124 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Replacement of treesN.I.

125—(1) If any tree in respect of which a tree preservation order is for the time being in force—

(a)is removed, uprooted or destroyed in contravention of the order; or

(b)except in the case of a tree to which the order applies as part of a woodland, is removed, uprooted or destroyed or dies at a time when its cutting down or uprooting is authorised only by virtue of section 122 on the grounds that it is dying or dead or has become dangerous,

it shall be the duty of the owner of the land to plant another tree of an appropriate size and species at the same place as soon as the owner reasonably can.

(2) The duty imposed by subsection (1) does not apply to an owner if on application by the owner the council dispenses with it.

(3) In respect of trees in a woodland it shall be sufficient for the purposes of this section to replace the trees removed, uprooted or destroyed by planting the same number of trees—

(a)on or near the land on which the trees removed, uprooted or destroyed stood; or

(b)on such other land as may be agreed between the council and the owner of the land,

and in such places as may be designated by the council.

(4) In relation to any tree planted pursuant to this section, the relevant tree preservation order shall apply as it applied to the original tree.

(5) The duty imposed by subsection (1) on the owner of any land shall attach to the person who is from time to time the owner of the land.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I249S. 125 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I250S. 125 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Penalties for contravention of tree preservation ordersN.I.

126—(1) If any person, in contravention of a tree preservation order, cuts down, uproots or wilfully destroys a tree, or wilfully damages, tops or lops a tree in such a manner as to be likely to destroy it, that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £100,000;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(2) In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person convicted of an offence under subsection (1), the court must in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to that person in consequence of the offence.

(3) If any person contravenes a tree preservation order otherwise than as mentioned in subsection (1), that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I251S. 126 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I252S. 126 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Preservation of trees in conservation areasN.I.

127—(1) Subject to the provisions of this section and section 128, any person who, in relation to a tree to which this section applies, does any act which might by virtue of section 122(1)(a) be prohibited by a tree preservation order shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) Subject to section 128, this section applies to any tree in a conservation area in respect of which no tree preservation order is for the time being in force.

(3) It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) to prove—

(a)that that person served notice of his or her intention to do the act in question (with sufficient particulars to identify the tree) on the council in whose district the tree is or was situated; and

(b)that that person did the act in question—

(i)with the consent of the council in whose district the tree is or was situated; or

(ii)after the expiry of the period of 6 weeks from the date of the notice but before the expiry of the period of 2 years from that date.

(4) Section 126 shall apply to an offence under this section as it applies to a contravention of a tree preservation order.

(5) An emanation of the Crown must not, in relation to a tree to which this section applies, do any act mentioned in subsection (1) unless—

(a)the first condition is satisfied; and

(b)either the second or third condition is satisfied.

(6) The first condition is that the emanation serves notice of an intention to do the act (with sufficient particulars to identify the tree) on the council in whose district the tree is or was situated.

(7) The second condition is that the act is done with the consent of the council in whose district the tree is or was situated.

(8) The third condition is that the act is done—

(a)after the end of the period of 6 weeks starting with the date of the notice; and

(b)before the end of the period of 2 years starting with that date.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I253S. 127 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I254S. 127 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Power to disapply section 127N.I.

128—(1) The Department may by regulations direct that section 127 shall not apply in such cases as may be specified in the regulations.

(2) Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, be framed so as to exempt from the application of that section cases defined by reference to all or any of the following matters—

(a)acts of such descriptions or done in such circumstances or subject to such conditions as may be specified in the regulations;

(b)trees in such conservation areas as may be so specified;

(c)trees of a size or species so specified; or

(d)trees belonging to persons or bodies of a description so specified.

(3) Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, exempt from the application of section 127 cases exempted from section 122 by subsection (5) of that section.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I255S. 128 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I256S. 128 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Prospective

Chapter 4N.I.Review of mineral planning permissions

Review of mineral planning permissionsN.I.

129—(1) Schedules 2 and 3 have effect.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of section 32, a development order may make, in relation to any planning permission which is granted by a development order for minerals development, provision similar to any provision made by Schedule 2 or 3.

(3) In this section and in Schedules 2 and 3 “minerals development” means development consisting of mining operations or involving the deposit of mineral waste.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Chapter 5N.I.Advertisements

Control of advertisementsN.I.

130—(1) Subject to this section, provision must be made by regulations under this Act for restricting or regulating the display of advertisements so far as appears to the Department to be expedient in the interests of amenity or public safety.

(2) Without prejudice to subsection (1), any such regulations may provide—

(a)for regulating the dimensions, appearance and position of advertisements which may be displayed, the sites on which advertisements may be displayed and the manner in which they are to be affixed to the land;

(b)for requiring the consent of the council to be obtained for the display of advertisements;

(c)for applying in relation to any such consent and to applications for such consent any of the provisions of Part 3 or 7 of this Act or Part 3 of the Act of 1965 subject to such adaptations and modifications as may be specified in the regulations.

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the regulations may prohibit the display in any area of special control of all advertisements except advertisements of such classes (if any) as may be prescribed.

(4) Areas of special control for the purposes of regulations under this section may be defined by means of orders made or approved by the Department in accordance with the regulations.

(5) Where the Department is authorised by the regulations to make or approve any such order as is mentioned in subsection (4), the regulations must provide—

(a)for the publication of notice of the proposed order in such manner as may be prescribed;

(b)for the consideration of objections duly made to it; and

(c)for the holding of such inquiries or other hearings by the planning appeals commission as may be so prescribed,

before the order is made or approved.

(6) Where the display of advertisements in accordance with regulations made under this section involves development of land, planning permission for that development shall be deemed to be granted by virtue of this section, and no application shall be necessary in that behalf under Part 3.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I257S. 130 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I258S. 130 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Part 5N.I.Enforcement

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C52Pt. 5 (except ss. 157-163) applied with modification(s) (1.4.2015) by The Planning General Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 (S.R. 2015/39), regs. 1(1), 2 (with regs. 3-10)

IntroductoryN.I.

Expressions used in connection with enforcementN.I.

131—(1) For the purposes of this Act—

(a)carrying out development without the planning permission required; or

(b)failing to comply with any condition or limitation subject to which planning permission has been granted,

constitutes a breach of planning control.

(2) For the purposes of this Act—

(a)the issue of an enforcement notice; or

(b)the service of a breach of condition notice,

constitutes taking enforcement action.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I259S. 131 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I260S. 131 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Time limitsN.I.

132—(1) Where there has been a breach of planning control consisting in the carrying out without planning permission of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, no enforcement action may be taken after the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the operations were substantially completed.

(2) Where there has been a breach of planning control consisting in the change of use of any building to use as a single dwelling-house, no enforcement action may be taken after the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the breach.

(3) In the case of any other breach of planning control, no enforcement action may be taken after the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the breach.

(4) The preceding subsections do not prevent—

(a)the service of a breach of condition notice in respect of any breach of planning control if an enforcement notice in respect of the breach is in effect; or

(b)taking further enforcement action in respect of any breach of planning control if, during the period of 5 years ending with that action being taken, the council or the Department has taken or purported to take enforcement action in respect of that breach.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I261S. 132 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I262S. 132 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Planning contravention noticesN.I.

Power to require information about activities on landN.I.

133—(1) Where it appears to a council that there may have been a breach of planning control in respect of any land in its district, it may serve notice to that effect (referred to in this Act as a “planning contravention notice”) on any person who—

(a)is the owner or occupier of the land or has any other estate in it; or

(b)is carrying out operations on the land or is using it for any purpose.

(2) A planning contravention notice may require the person on whom it is served to give such information as to—

(a)any operations being carried out on the land, any use of the land and any other activities being carried out on the land; and

(b)any matter relating to the conditions or limitations subject to which any planning permission in respect of the land has been granted,

as may be specified in the notice.

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2), the notice may require the person on whom it is served, so far as that person is able—

(a)to state whether or not the land is being used for any purpose specified in the notice or any operations or activities specified in the notice are being or have been carried out on the land;

(b)to state when any use, operations or activities began;

(c)to give the name and postal address of any person known to that person to use or have used the land for any purpose or to be carrying out, or have carried out, any operations or activities on the land;

(d)to give any information that person holds as to any planning permission for any use or operations or any reason for planning permission not being required for any use or operations;

(e)to state the nature of that person's estate (if any) in the land and the name and postal address of any other person known to the first mentioned person to have an estate in the land.

(4) A planning contravention notice may give notice of a time and place at which—

(a)any offer which the person on whom the notice is served may wish to make to apply for planning permission, to refrain from carrying out any operations or activities or to undertake remedial works; and

(b)any representations which that person may wish to make about the notice,

will be considered by the council, and the council must give that person an opportunity to make in person any such offer or representations at that time and place.

(5) A planning contravention notice must inform the person on whom it is served—

(a)of the likely consequences of failing to respond to the notice and, in particular, that enforcement action may be taken; and

(b)of the effect of section 185(5)(b).

(6) Any requirement of a planning contravention notice must be complied with by giving information in writing to the council.

(7) The service of a planning contravention notice does not affect any other power exercisable in respect of any breach of planning control.

(8) In this section references to operations or activities on land include operations or activities in, under or over the land.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I263S. 133 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I264S. 133 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Penalties for non-compliance with planning contravention noticeN.I.

134—(1) If, at any time after the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which a planning contravention notice has been served on any person, that person has not complied with any requirement of the notice, that person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) An offence under subsection (1) may be charged by reference to any day or longer period of time and a person may be convicted of a second or subsequent offence under that subsection by reference to any period of time following the preceding conviction for such an offence.

(3) It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) to prove that that person had a reasonable excuse for failing to comply with the requirement.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(5) If any person—

(a)makes any statement purporting to comply with a requirement of a planning contravention notice which that person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)recklessly makes such a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular,

that person shall be guilty of an offence.

(6) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I265S. 134 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I266S. 134 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Temporary stop noticesN.I.

Temporary stop noticeN.I.

135—(1) This section applies if a council thinks—

(a)that there has been a breach of planning control in relation to any land in its district; and

(b)that it is expedient that the activity (or any part of the activity) which amounts to the breach is stopped immediately.

(2) The council may issue a temporary stop notice.

(3) The notice must be in writing and must—

(a)specify the activity which the council thinks amounts to the breach;

(b)prohibit the carrying on of the activity (or of so much of the activity as is specified in the notice);

(c)set out the council's reasons for issuing the notice.

(4) A temporary stop notice may be served on any of the following—

(a)a person who the council thinks is carrying on the activity;

(b)a person who the council thinks is an occupier of the land;

(c)a person who the council thinks has an estate in the land.

(5) The council must display on the land—

(a)a copy of the notice;

(b)a statement of the effect of the notice and of section 137.

(6) A temporary stop notice has effect from the time a copy of it is first displayed in pursuance of subsection (5).

(7) A temporary stop notice ceases to have effect—

(a)at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day the copy notice is so displayed;

(b)at the end of such shorter period starting on that day as is specified in the notice; or

(c)if it is withdrawn by the council.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I267S. 135 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I268S. 135 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Temporary stop notice: restrictionsN.I.

136—(1) A temporary stop notice does not prohibit—

(a)any person from continuing to use any building, caravan or other structure situated on land to which the temporary stop notice relates as that person's permanent residence whether as owner, occupier, tenant, patient, guest or otherwise;

(b)the carrying out of an activity of such description or in such circumstances as is prescribed.

(2) A temporary stop notice does not prohibit the carrying out of any activity which has been carried out (whether continuously or not) for a period of 5 years ending with the day on which the copy of the notice is first displayed as mentioned in section 135(5).

(3) Subsection (2) does not prevent a temporary stop notice prohibiting—

(a)activity consisting of or incidental to building, engineering, mining or other operations; or

(b)the deposit of refuse or waste materials.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (2) any period during which the activity is authorised by planning permission shall be ignored.

(5) A second or subsequent temporary stop notice must not be issued in respect of the same activity unless the council has first taken some other enforcement action in relation to the breach of planning control which is constituted by the activity.

(6) In subsection (5) enforcement action includes obtaining the grant of an injunction under section 156.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I269S. 136 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I270S. 136 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Temporary stop notice: offencesN.I.

137—(1) A person commits an offence if that person contravenes a temporary stop notice—

(a)which has been served on that person; or

(b)a copy of which has been displayed in accordance with section 135(5).

(2) Contravention of a temporary stop notice includes causing or permitting the contravention of the notice.

(3) An offence under this section may be charged by reference to a day or a longer period of time.

(4) A person may be convicted of more than one such offence in relation to the same temporary stop notice by reference to different days or periods of time.

(5) A person does not commit an offence under this section if that person proves—

(a)that the temporary stop notice was not served on him or her; and

(b)that that person did not know, and could not reasonably have been expected to know, of its existence.

(6) A person convicted of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £100,000;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(7) In determining the amount of the fine the court must have regard in particular to any financial benefit which has accrued or has appeared to accrue to the person convicted in consequence of the offence.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I271S. 137 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I272S. 137 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Enforcement noticesN.I.

Issue of enforcement notice by councilsN.I.

138—(1) The council may issue a notice (in this Act referred to as an “enforcement notice”) where it appears to the council—

(a)that there has been a breach of planning control in relation to any land in its district; and

(b)that it is expedient to issue the notice, having regard to the provisions of the local development plan and to any other material considerations.

(2) A copy of an enforcement notice must be served—

(a)on the owner and on the occupier of the land to which it relates; and

(b)on any other person having an estate in the land, being an estate which, in the opinion of the council, is materially affected by the notice.

(3) The service of the notice must take place—

(a)not more than 28 days after its date of issue; and

(b)not less than 28 days before the date specified in it as the date on which it is to take effect.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I273S. 138 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49, art. 2, Sch. 1

I274S. 138 in operation at 1.4.2015 in so far as not already in operation by S.R. 2015/49, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2) (as amended (16.3.2016) by S.R. 2016/159, art. 2)

Issue of enforcement notice by DepartmentN.I.

139—(1) The Department may issue a notice (in this Act referred to as an “enforcement notice”) where it appears to the Department—

(a)that there has been a breach of planning control; and

(b)that it is expedient to issue the notice, having regard to the provisions of the local development plan and to any other material considerations.

(2) The Department must not issue an enforcement notice without consulting the appropriate council.

(3) A copy of an enforcement notice must be served—

(a)on the owner and on the occupier of the land to which it relates; and

(b)on any other person having an estate in the land, being an estate which, in the opinion of the Department, is materially affected by the notice.

(4) The service of the notice must take place—

(a)not more than 28 days after its date of issue; and

(b)not less than 28 days before the date specified in it as the date on which it is to take effect.

(5) In relation to an enforcement notice issued by the Department, sections 146 and 149 shall apply as if for any reference in those sections to the council there were substituted a reference to the Department.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I275S. 139 in operation at 13.2.2015 for specified purposes by S.R. 2015/49,