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Directive 2014/60/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2014/60/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State and amending Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 (Recast)

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Article 2

For the purposes of this Directive, the following definitions apply:

(1)

‘cultural object’ means an object which is classified or defined by a Member State, before or after its unlawful removal from the territory of that Member State, as being among the ‘national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value’ under national legislation or administrative procedures within the meaning of Article 36 TFEU;

(2)

‘unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State’ means:

(a)

removed from the territory of a Member State in breach of its rules on the protection of national treasures or in breach of Regulation (EC) No 116/2009; or

(b)

not returned at the end of a period of lawful temporary removal or any breach of another condition governing such temporary removal;

(3)

‘requesting Member State’ means the Member State from whose territory the cultural object has been unlawfully removed;

(4)

‘requested Member State’ means the Member State in whose territory a cultural object, which was unlawfully removed from the territory of another Member State, is located;

(5)

‘return’ means the physical return of the cultural object to the territory of the requesting Member State;

(6)

‘possessor’ means the person physically holding the cultural object on his own account;

(7)

‘holder’ means the person physically holding the cultural object for third parties;

(8)

‘public collections’ means collections, defined as public in accordance with the legislation of a Member State, which are the property of that Member State, of a local or regional authority within that Member State or of an institution situated in the territory of that Member State, such institution being the property of, or significantly financed by, that Member State or local or regional authority.

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