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Civil Litigation (Expenses and Group Proceedings) (Scotland) Act 2018

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8Restriction on pursuer’s liability for expenses in personal injury claims

(1)This section applies in civil proceedings where—

(a)the person bringing the proceedings makes a claim for damages for—

(i)personal injuries, or

(ii)the death of a person from personal injuries, and

(b)the person conducts the proceedings in an appropriate manner.

(2)The court must not make an award of expenses against the person in respect of any expenses which relate to—

(a)the claim, or

(b)any appeal in respect of the claim.

(3)Subsection (2) does not prevent the court from making an award in respect of expenses which relate to any other type of claim in the proceedings.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a person conducts civil proceedings in an appropriate manner unless the person or the person’s legal representative—

(a)makes a fraudulent representation or otherwise acts fraudulently in connection with the claim or proceedings,

(b)behaves in a manner which is manifestly unreasonable in connection with the claim or proceedings, or

(c)otherwise, conducts the proceedings in a manner that the court considers amounts to an abuse of process.

(5)For the purpose of subsection (4)(a), the standard of proof is the balance of probabilities.

(6)Subsection (2) is subject to any exceptions that may be specified in an act of sederunt under section 103(1) or 104(1) of the Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014.

(7)In subsection (1)(a), “personal injuries” include any disease and any impairment of a person’s physical or mental condition.

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