Search Legislation

Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Human trafficking

1Offence of human trafficking

(1)A person commits an offence if the person—

(a)takes a relevant action, and

(b)does so with a view to another person being exploited.

(2)In this Part, “relevant action” means an action which is any of the following—

(a)the recruitment of another person,

(b)the transportation or transfer of another person,

(c)the harbouring or receiving of another person,

(d)the exchange or transfer of control over another person, or

(e)the arrangement or facilitation of any of the actions mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (d).

(3)It is irrelevant whether the other person consents to any part of the relevant action.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1), a person takes a relevant action with a view to another person being exploited only if—

(a)the person intends to exploit the other person (in any part of the world) during or after the relevant action, or

(b)the person knows or ought to know the other person is likely to be exploited (in any part of the world) during or after the relevant action.

(5)An offence under this section is to be known as the offence of human trafficking.

(6)A person who commits an offence of human trafficking is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for life or a fine (or both).

2Application of offence to conduct in United Kingdom and elsewhere

(1)A person mentioned in subsection (2) commits an offence of human trafficking regardless of where the relevant action takes place.

(2)The persons are—

(a)a person who is a UK national,

(b)a person who at the time of the offence was habitually resident in Scotland,

(c)a body incorporated under the law of a part of the United Kingdom.

(3)A person not mentioned in subsection (2) commits an offence of human trafficking if—

(a)any part of the relevant action takes place in the United Kingdom, or

(b)the relevant action is taken with a view to a person arriving in or entering into, departing from, or travelling within, the United Kingdom.

3Exploitation for purposes of offence of human trafficking

(1)For the purposes of section 1, a person is exploited only if one or more of the following subsections apply in relation to that person.

Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour

(2The person is the victim of conduct which—

(a)involves the commission of an offence under section 4, or

(b)would constitute such an offence were it done in Scotland.

Prostitution and sexual exploitation

(3Another person exercises control, direction or influence over prostitution by the person in a way which shows that the other person is aiding, abetting or compelling the prostitution.

(4)Another person involves the person in the making or production of obscene or indecent material (material is to be construed in accordance with section 52(1)(a) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 and includes images within the meaning of section 51A of that Act).

(5)The person is the victim of conduct which—

(a)involves the commission of an offence under—

(i)sections 1, 2 or 7 to 10 of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 (sexual offences),

(ii)sections 9 to 12 of the Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2005 (sexual services of children and child pornography),

(iii)Part 1 of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 (rape etc.),

(iv)Part 4 of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 (children), or

(v)Part 5 of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 (abuse of a position of trust), or

(b)would constitute such an offence were it done in Scotland.

Removal of organs etc.

(6The person is encouraged, required or expected to do anything—

(a)which involves the commission, by the person or another person, of an offence under Part 1 of the Human Tissue (Scotland) Act 2006 (transplantation etc.),

(b)in connection with the removal of any part of a human body as a result of which the person or another person would commit an offence under the law of Scotland (other than an offence mentioned in paragraph (a)), or

(c)which would constitute an offence mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) were it done in Scotland.

Securing services and benefits

(7The person is subjected to force, threats or deception designed to induce the person—

(a)to provide services of any kind,

(b)to provide another person with benefits of any kind, or

(c)to enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.

(8)Another person uses or attempts to use the person for any purpose within subsection (7)(a), (b) or (c), where—

(a)the person is—

(i)a child, or

(ii)an adult whose ability to refuse to be used for a purpose within subsection (7)(a), (b) or (c) is impaired through mental or physical illness, disability, old age or any other reason (a “vulnerable adult”), and

(b)a person who is not a child or a vulnerable adult would be likely to refuse to be used for that purpose.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources