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Tribunals (Scotland) Act 2014

Section 48 – Appeal from the Tribunal

186.Section 48 makes provision for a general right to appeal a decision of the Upper Tribunal to the Court of Session. Such an appeal can only be made by a party in the case on a point of law and with the permission of the Upper Tribunal or (if refused by the Upper Tribunal) the Court of Session.

187.The general right to appeal a decision of the Upper Tribunal to the Court of Session under section 48 is not universal and does not apply to excluded decisions (see sections 51 to 54) or a decision of the Upper Tribunal to review or not to review one of its own decisions (see section 43(4)). Section 55 (process for permission) also prevents a decision of the Upper Tribunal to refuse permission to appeal to the Court of Session from being appealed to the Court of Session (a separate application can, however, be made to the Court of Session under section 48(3)(b) should the Upper Tribunal refuse permission to appeal).

188.Permission to appeal to the Court of Session under section 48 is only to be granted if the Upper Tribunal or Court of Session is satisfied that there are arguable grounds for the appeal (section 48(4)) except in relation to permission to make a second appeal (see commentary on section 50).

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