Search Legislation

Tribunals (Scotland) Act 2014

Judiciary eligible to sit

Section 17 – Sheriffs and judges

35.Section 17 provides for the circumstances in which members of the courts judiciary can be assigned to act as members of the Scottish Tribunals. Such persons make up the judicial members of the Scottish Tribunals (see section 19).

36.By virtue of subsection (1), sheriffs principal, sheriffs and part-time sheriffs are eligible to act as members of the First-tier Tribunal. Such persons may only act as members of the First-tier Tribunal with the authorisation of the President of Tribunals (subsection (3)). Such authorisation can only be given with the Lord President’s approval and the agreement of the sheriff concerned (and, if that person is not a sheriff principal, the sheriff principal of the sheriffdom to which that sheriff is appointed) (subsection (6)).

37.By virtue of subsection (2), judges of the Court of Session (including temporary judges) together with the Chairman of the Scottish Land Court, sheriffs principal and sheriffs (but not part-time sheriffs) are eligible to act as members of the Upper Tribunal. Such persons may only act as members of the Upper Tribunal with the authorisation of the President of Tribunals (subsections (3) and (4)). Such authorisation can only be given with the Lord President’s approval and the agreement of that person (subsection (6)). Where the person is a sheriff (but not a sheriff principal), the authorisation of the President of Tribunals can only be given with the agreement of the sheriff principal of the sheriffdom to which that sheriff is appointed.

38.Subsection (2) does not apply to the Lord President and the President of Tribunals. Subsection (5) makes express provision for both the Lord President and President of Tribunals to act as members of the Upper Tribunal without any requirement for authorisation.

39.Any authorisation given by the President of Tribunals for a member of the courts judiciary to act as a member of the Scottish Tribunals remains in effect until such time as the President of Tribunals determines (which again requires the consent of the Lord President and the agreement of the person acting as a member (subsection (6)). Where the person is a sheriff (but not a sheriff principal), the determination of the President of Tribunals can also only be made with the agreement of the sheriff principal of the sheriffdom to which that sheriff is appointed.

Section 18 – Authorisation of others

40.Section 18 enables the Scottish Ministers, on receiving a request from the President of Tribunals, to authorise a former judge of the Court of Session, Chairman of the Land Court, sheriff (excluding part-time sheriff) or a judge of a court or tribunal in a country or territory outwith Scotland to assist in the disposal of the business of the Upper Tribunal by temporarily acting as a judicial member of the Upper Tribunal. It does not enable such a person to act as a member of the First-tier Tribunal.

41.The President of Tribunals cannot make a request for such an authorisation without the approval of the Lord President and the agreement of the person concerned (subsection (3)). Subsection (7) enables the Scottish Ministers to make payments in respect of any person authorised to act under section 18.

42.Subsection (8) provides that former judicial office holders cannot be authorised if they have reached the age of 75 or if they have been removed from judicial office. The relevant grounds for removal from office are listed in the provision.

43.Subsection (9) enables the Scottish Ministers to make further provision as necessary when authorising judges of a court or tribunal in a country or territory outwith Scotland to sit in the Upper Tribunal. It also places a duty such judges to take the judicial oath if they have not already done so.

44.Subsection (10) provides that the requirement to uphold the independence of the Scottish Tribunals in section 3 applies to any persons authorised to act under section 17 as it does in relation to the other members of the Scottish Tribunals. It also makes provision so that any previous oath taken by such a person will continue to apply in the person’s role in the Scottish Tribunals.

Section 19– Judicial membership

45.Section 19 clarifies the people who are to be regarded as judicial members of the Scottish Tribunals. Any reference to a judicial member of the Upper Tribunal does not include a reference to a judge authorised to act as such under section 18.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources