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(1)Where it appears to a local authority that—
(a)a relevant surface in its area has been defaced by graffiti; and
(b)the defacement is—
(i)detrimental to the amenity of the locality; or
the authority may serve a graffiti removal notice on any responsible person.
(2)A graffiti removal notice is a notice requiring the person on whom it is served to remove, clear or otherwise remedy the defacement described in the notice before the expiry of such period as may be specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice is served).
(3)A relevant surface is—
(a)any surface of—
(i)a public road; or
(ii)any building, structure, apparatus, plant or other object on such a road; or
(b)where subsection (4) or (5) applies, any surface of—
(i)land owned, occupied or controlled by a relevant body; or
(ii)any building, structure, apparatus, plant or other object on such land.
(4)This subsection applies where the land is public land.
(5)This subsection applies where—
(a)the surface is visible from public land; or
(b)the surface is not visible from public land but is visible to members of the public from land owned, occupied or controlled by—
(i)the relevant body which owns, occupies or controls the land; or
(ii)any other relevant body,
which they are on for the purpose of using that body’s services or facilities.
(6)For the purposes of this section, a road or land is public if the public are entitled or permitted to have access to it (with or without payment).
(7)A local authority may at any time withdraw a graffiti removal notice issued by it.
(8)The withdrawal, under subsection (7), of a graffiti removal notice (the “withdrawn notice”) shall not affect the power of the local authority to issue a further graffiti removal notice in respect of the defacement described in the withdrawn notice.
(9)In this section—
“educational institution” has the meaning given by section 98(3) of the 1990 Act and includes the governing body of such an institution;
“graffiti” includes painting, writing, soiling, marking or otherwise defacing by whatever means;
“relevant body” means—
an educational institution; or
a statutory undertaker;
“responsible person” means, in relation to a surface, a person who owns, leases, occupies, controls, operates or maintains the thing of which it is a surface;
“road” has the meaning given by section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 54);
“statutory undertaker” has the meaning given by section 98(6) of the 1990 Act; and
“surface” includes a surface—
on the inside of a thing; or
not exposed to the weather.
(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order modify—
(a)paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (3); or
(b)subsection (4), (5) or (6),
of section 58.
(2)An order under subsection (1) may make such modifications of subsection (9) of that section as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate in consequence of any modification made by virtue of subsection (1).
(1)A graffiti removal notice shall explain the effects of sections 61, 63 and 64.
(2)Subject to subsection (3), subsections (2) to (5) of section 160 of the 1990 Act shall apply in relation to the service of a graffiti removal notice as they apply to any notice required or authorised to be served under that Act.
(3)Where, after reasonable enquiry, a local authority is unable to ascertain the name or proper address of any person upon whom a graffiti removal notice may be served, it may—
(a)affix the notice to the surface to which it relates; and
(b)in so far as is reasonably necessary for that purpose, enter any land.
(4)In subsection (3), “proper address” shall be read in accordance with section 160(4) and (5) of the 1990 Act.
(5)Where a graffiti removal notice is affixed in accordance with subsection (3), it shall be treated as having been served on a person on whom it may be served.
(1)Subsection (2) applies where a person on whom a graffiti removal notice is served (the “responsible person”) does not comply with it.
(2)The local authority that served the notice or a person authorised by it may—
(a)remove, clear or otherwise remedy the defacement; and
(b)in so far as is reasonably necessary for that purpose, enter any land.
(3)Where subsection (4) applies, a local authority may recover from the responsible person expenditure reasonably incurred by virtue of subsection (2).
(4)This subsection applies where the local authority has served on the responsible person a notice setting out—
(a)the amount of; and
the expenditure which it proposes to recover.
(5)Subsections (2) to (5) of section 160 of the 1990 Act shall apply in relation to the service of a notice mentioned in subsection (4) as they apply to notices required or authorised to be served under that Act.
A local authority shall, in discharging its functions under sections 58, 60 and 61, have regard to any guidance about those sections given by the Scottish Ministers.
(1)On the application of a person on whom a graffiti removal notice is served, the sheriff may—
(a)if satisfied that—
(i)the surface to which the notice relates was not, at the time the notice was served, defaced as described in it;
(ii)the defacement described in the notice is neither detrimental to the amenity of the locality nor offensive; or
(iii)the applicant was not, at the time the notice was served, a responsible person as respects the surface to which the notice relates,
make an order revoking the notice; or
(b)if satisfied that there is a material defect in, or in connection with, the notice, make an order revoking or (if appropriate) amending the notice.
(2)In subsection (1)(a)(iii), “responsible person” has the same meaning as in section 58.
(3)Where a sheriff—
(a)makes an order under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) amending a graffiti removal notice; or
(b)makes an order refusing an application such as is mentioned in that subsection,
the sheriff may extend (for such period as may be specified in the order) the period specified in the notice.
(4)An application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) shall be made before the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the graffiti removal notice to which it relates was served.
(5)Where an application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) is made, the graffiti removal notice to which it relates shall be of no effect pending the—
of the application.
(1)On the application of a person on whom a notice under section 61(4) is served, the sheriff may, if satisfied that the expenditure which the authority is proposing to recover is excessive, make an order substituting for that amount a lower one.
(2)An application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) shall be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the notice to which it relates was served.
(1)Subject to subsection (3), a relevant person shall have no liability whatsoever (whether at common law or otherwise) to any responsible person in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in the exercise or purported exercise of the power conferred by section 60(3) or 61(2).
(2)In subsection (1), “relevant person” means—
(a)in the case of the power conferred by section 60(3)—
(i)the local authority; and
(ii)any employee of the authority;
(b)in the case of the power conferred by section 61(2)—
(i)the local authority;
(ii)any employee of the authority;
(iii)any person authorised by the authority under that section; and
(iv)any employer or employee of a person so authorised.
(3)Subsection (1) does not apply—
(a)if the act or omission is shown to have been in bad faith; or
(b)in respect of a liability arising out of a failure to exercise due care and attention.
(4)In this section, “responsible person” has the same meaning as in section 58.
(5)This section is without prejudice to any other exemption from liability (whether at common law or otherwise).
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