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Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

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17Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland

(1)Tribunals to be known as Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland (each referred to in this Act as “a Tribunal”) are to be constituted in accordance with this Act to exercise the functions which are conferred on a Tribunal by virtue of this Act.

(2)There is to be an officer to be known as the President of the Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland (referred to in this Act as “the President”) who is to be an individual appointed by the Scottish Ministers.

(3)The President has such functions as are conferred on the President by virtue of this Act.

(4)Schedule 1 makes further provision about the constitution and procedures of the Tribunals, the appointment and functions of the President and administrative and other matters in connection with the Tribunals and the President.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make such further provision in connection with the Tribunals and the President as they think fit.

18References to Tribunal in relation to co-ordinated support plan

(1)Any of the persons specified in subsection (2) may refer to a Tribunal any decision, failure or information specified in subsection (3) relating to any child or young person for whose school education an education authority are responsible.

(2)The persons referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)where the decision, failure or information relates to a child, the parent of the child,

(b)where the decision, failure or information relates to a young person—

(i)the young person, or

(ii)where the young person lacks capacity to make the reference, the young person’s parent.

(3)The decisions, failures and information referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)a decision of the education authority that the child or young person—

(i)requires a co-ordinated support plan, or

(ii)following a review carried out under section 10, still requires such a plan,

(b)a decision of the education authority that the child or young person—

(i)does not require such a plan, or

(ii)following a review carried out under section 10, no longer requires such a plan,

(c)where it has been established that the child or young person does require a co-ordinated support plan, failure by the education authority to prepare a plan by the time required by regulations made in pursuance of subsection (8)(f)(i) of section 11,

(d)where a co-ordinated support plan has been prepared (and not discontinued) for the child or young person—

(i)any of the information contained in the plan by virtue of subsection (2)(a) of section 9,

(ii)failure by the education authority to carry out a review of the plan as required by subsection (2) of section 10,

(iii)where such a review is carried out, failure by the education authority to complete the review by the time required by regulations made in pursuance of subsection (8)(f)(ii) of section 11, or

(iv)a decision of the education authority to refuse a request referred to in subsection (4) of section 10,

(e)where subsection (4) applies, a decision of the education authority refusing a placing request made in respect of the child or young person.

(4)This subsection applies where, at the time the placing request is refused—

(a)a co-ordinated support plan has been prepared (and not discontinued) for the child or young person,

(b)no such plan has been prepared, but it has been established by the education authority that the child or young person requires such a plan, or

(c)the education authority have decided that the child or young person does not require such a plan and that decision has been referred to a Tribunal under subsection (1).

(5)A decision of an education authority not to comply with a request referred to in section 6(2)(b) made in relation to any child or young person is to be treated for the purposes of this section as a decision of the authority that the child or young person does not require a co-ordinated support plan.

(6)Where, in respect of any child or young person for whom a co-ordinated support plan has been prepared (and not discontinued), any of the information referred to in subsection (3)(d)(i) has been referred under subsection (1) to a Tribunal, a further reference under that subsection in respect of the same information is not competent unless, since the last such reference was disposed of, a review of the plan has been carried out under section 10.

(7)Where a decision referred to in subsection (3)(e) in respect of a child or young person has been referred under subsection (1) to a Tribunal, a further reference under that subsection of such a decision in respect of the child or young person is not competent during the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the last such reference of such a decision was made, unless, during that period—

(a)a review of any co-ordinated support plan prepared for the child or young person has been carried out under section 10,

(b)any such plan prepared for the child or young person has been amended pursuant to a requirement made by a Tribunal under section 19(4)(b), or

(c)where the last such reference of such a decision was made by virtue of subsection (4)(c), a co-ordinated support plan has been prepared for the child or young person.

19Powers of Tribunal in relation to reference

(1)This section specifies the powers of a Tribunal in relation to a reference made under section 18.

(2)Where the reference relates to a decision referred to in subsection (3)(a), (b) or (d)(iv) of that section, the Tribunal may—

(a)confirm the decision, or

(b)overturn the decision and require the education authority to take such action as the Tribunal considers appropriate by such time as the Tribunal may require.

(3)Where the reference relates to a failure referred to in subsection (3)(c) or (d)(ii) or (iii) of that section, the Tribunal may require the education authority to take such action to rectify the failure as the Tribunal considers appropriate by such time as the Tribunal may require.

(4)Where the reference relates to information referred to in subsection (3)(d)(i) of that section, the Tribunal may—

(a)confirm the information, or

(b)require the education authority to make such amendment of the information as the Tribunal considers appropriate by such time as the Tribunal may require.

(5)Where the reference relates to a decision referred to in subsection (3)(e) of that section, the Tribunal may—

(a)confirm the decision if satisfied that—

(i)one or more of the grounds of refusal specified in paragraph 3(1) or (3) of schedule 2 exists or exist, and

(ii)in all the circumstances it is appropriate to do so,

(b)overturn the decision and require the education authority to—

(i)place the child or young person in the school specified in the placing request to which the decision related, and

(ii)make such amendments to the co-ordinated support plan prepared for the child or young person as the Tribunal considers appropriate by such time as the Tribunal may require, or

(c)where—

(i)the decision was referred to the Tribunal by virtue of the application of subsection (4)(c) of that section, and

(ii)the Tribunal has confirmed the decision of the education authority that the child or young person does not require a co-ordinated support plan,

refer the decision to an appeal committee set up under section 28D of the 1980 Act.

(6)Paragraphs 6 and 7 of schedule 2 apply to a reference made to an appeal committee under subsection (5)(c) as they apply to a reference made to an appeal committee under paragraph 5 of that schedule.

(7)In exercising its powers under this section, a Tribunal must take account, so far as relevant, of any code of practice published by the Scottish Ministers under section 27(1).

20References to Tribunal and powers of Tribunal: further provision

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order extend the categories of decision, failure or information in respect of which a reference to the Tribunal under section 18(1) may be made; and without prejudice to the generality such further categories of decision, failure or information may include—

(a)a decision of the education authority—

(i)that the child or young person has, or does not have, additional support needs,

(ii)that a child or young person has additional support needs of a type that the person making the referral considers are not an accurate reflection of the child or young person’s additional support needs,

(iii)to refuse an assessment request as referred to in section 8,

(iv)as to the person, or to the means used, or to be used, to carry out the process of assessment or examination referred to in section 8,

(b)failure by—

(i)the education authority,

(ii)any person identified in any co-ordinated support plan prepared for the child or young person as a person by whom additional support should be provided, or

(iii)a combination of these persons,

to provide the additional support required by the child or young person.

(2)Any order made under subsection (1) may also include provision to allow the President to reject references to the Tribunal arising from any further category of decision, failure or information referred to in the order without a hearing where the President is satisfied that the reference prima facie raises no substantial issue.

(3)Orders made under subsection (1) may also make such consequential provision as the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient, including provision as to the Tribunal’s powers in relation to any new category of decision, failure or information that may be referred to it.

21Appeal to Court of Session against Tribunal decision

(1)Either of the persons specified in subsection (2) may appeal on a point of law to the Court of Session against a decision of a Tribunal relating to a reference made under section 18.

(2)The persons referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)the person who made the reference to the Tribunal,

(b)the education authority concerned.

(3)Where the Court of Session allows an appeal under subsection (1) it may—

(a)remit the reference back to the Tribunal or to a differently constituted Tribunal to be considered again and give the Tribunal such directions about the consideration of the case as the Court considers appropriate,

(b)make such ancillary orders as it considers necessary or appropriate.

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