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Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000

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Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000, PART 4 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 18 October 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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PART 4 S REAL BURDENS

Extinction of superior’s rightsS

17 Extinction of superior’s rightsS

(1)Subject to sections 18 [F1to 18C], 19, 20, F2. . . 27, [F327A,] 28 [F428A,] and 60 of this Act [F5and to sections 52 to 56 (which make provision as to common schemes, facility burdens and service burdens) and 63 (which makes provision as to manager burdens) of the Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9)]

(a)a real burden which, immediately before the appointed day, is enforceable by, and only by, a superior shall on that day be extinguished; and

(b)any other real burden shall, on and after that day, not be enforceable by a former superior [F6other than in that person's capacity as owner of land or as holder of a conservation burden, health care burden or economic development burden].

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below and to the provision made by section 20 of this Act for there to be a transitional period during which a real burden shall yet be enforceable—

(a)on or after the appointed day, no proceedings for such enforcement shall be commenced;

(b)any proceedings already commenced for such enforcement shall be deemed to have been abandoned on that day and may, without further process and without any requirement that full judicial expenses shall have been paid by the pursuer, be dismissed accordingly; and

(c)any decree or interlocutor already pronounced in proceedings for such enforcement shall be deemed to have been reduced, or as the case may be recalled, on that day.

(3)Subsection (2) above shall not affect any proceedings, decree or interlocutor in relation to—

(a)a right of irritancy held by a superior; or

[F7(aa)a right of enforcement held by virtue of any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (1) above;]

(b)a right to recover damages or to the payment of money.

Reallotment etc.S

18 Reallotment of real burden by nomination of new dominant tenementS

(1)[F8Without prejudice to sections 18A to 18C of this Act,] where—

(a)a feudal estate of dominium utile of land is subject to a real burden enforceable by a superior of the feu or which would be so enforceable were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum; and

(b)at least one of the conditions set out in subsection (7) below is met, the superior may, before the appointed day, prospectively nominate other land (being land of which he has right to the sole dominium utile or sole allodial ownership), or any part of that other land, as a dominant tenement by duly executing and registering a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 5 to this Act.

(2)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, both the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land) and the land (or part) nominated;

(c)specify which of the conditions set out in subsection (7) below is (or are) met;

(d)set out the terms of the real burden; and

(e)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter— obligation enforceable against the superior.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1) above a notice is duly registered only when registered against both tenements described in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) above.

(4)Before submitting any notice for registration under this section, the superior shall swear or affirm before a notary public that to the best of the knowledge and belief of the superior all the information contained in the notice is true.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4) above, if the superior is—

(a)an individual unable by reason of legal disability, or incapacity, to swear or affirm as mentioned in that subsection, then a legal representative of the superior may swear or affirm;

(b)not an individual, then any person authorised to sign documents on its behalf may swear or affirm;

and any reference in that subsection to a superior shall be construed accordingly.

(6)[F9Subject to subsection (6A) below,] if subsections (1) to (5) above are complied with and immediately before the appointed day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior (or by his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum then, on that day—

(a)the land (or part) nominated shall become a dominant tenement; and

(b)the land the dominium utile of which was subject to the real burden (or if part only of that land is described in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) above, that part) shall be the servient tenement.

[F10(6A)Such compliance as is mentioned in subsection (6) above shall not be effective to preserve any right to enforce a manager burden (“manager burden” being construed in accordance with section 63(1) of the Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9)).]

(7)The conditions are—

(a)that the land which by virtue of this section would become the dominant tenement has on it a permanent building which is in use wholly or mainly as a place of human—

(i)habitation; or

(ii)resort,

and that building is, at some point, within one hundred metres (measuring along a horizontal plane) of the land which would be the servient tenement;

(b)that the real burden comprises—

(i)a right [F11(other than any sporting rights, as defined by section 65A(9) of this Act)] to enter, or otherwise make use of, the servient tenement; or

(ii)a right of pre-emption or of redemption; or

(c)that the land which by virtue of this section would become the dominant tenement comprises—

(i)minerals; or

(ii)salmon fishings or some other incorporeal property,

and it is apparent from the terms of the real burden that it was created for the benefit of such land.

(8)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

[F1218APersonal pre-emption burdens and personal redemption burdensS

(1) Without prejudice to section 18 of this Act, where a feudal estate of dominium utile of land is subject to a real burden which comprises a right of pre-emption or redemption and is enforceable by a superior of the feu or would be so enforceable were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum the superior may, before the appointed day, by duly executing and registering against the dominium utile a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 5A to this Act, prospectively convert that burden into a personal pre-emption burden or as the case may be into a personal redemption burden.

(2)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b) describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land);

(c)set out the terms of the real burden; and

(d)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the superior.

(3)Before submitting any notice for registration under this section, the superior shall swear or affirm as is mentioned in subsection (4) of section 18 of this Act.

(4)Subsection (5) of that section applies for the purposes of subsection (3) above as it applies for the purposes of subsection (4) of that section.

(5) If subsections (1) to (3) above are, with subsection (4) of that section, complied with and immediately before the appointed day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior (or his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum then, on that day—

(a)the real burden shall be converted into a real burden in favour of that person, to be known as a “personal pre-emption burden” or as the case may be as a “personal redemption burden”; and

(b) the land the dominium utile of which was subject to the real burden (or if part only of that land is described in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) above, that part) shall become the servient tenement.

(6)Title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice relates shall be subject to any such counter-obligation as was set out by virtue of subsection (2)(d) above.

(7)The right to a personal pre-emption burden or personal redemption burden may be assigned or otherwise transferred to any person; and any such assignation or transfer shall take effect on registration.

(8)Where the holder of a personal pre-emption burden or personal redemption burden does not have a completed title—

(a)title may be completed by the holder registering a notice of title; or

(b)without completing title, the holder may grant a deed—

(i)assigning the right to; or

(ii)discharging, in whole or in part,

the burden; but unless the deed is one to which section [F13101 of the Land Registration etc. (Scotland) Act 2012 (asp 5)] (circumstances where unnecessary to deduce title) applies, it shall be necessary, in the deed, to deduce title to the burden through the midcouples linking the holder to the person who had the last completed title.

(9)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

18BConversion into economic development burdenS

(1)Without prejudice to section 18 of this Act, where a feudal estate of dominium utile of land is subject to a real burden which is imposed for the purpose of promoting economic development and is enforceable by the Scottish Ministers or a local authority, being in either case the superior of the feu, or would be so enforceable were the Scottish Ministers or as the case may be the local authority to complete title to the dominium directum, the superior may, before the appointed day, by duly executing and registering against the dominium utile a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 5B to this Act, prospectively convert that burden into an economic development burden.

(2)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land);

(c)set out the terms of the real burden;

(d)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the superior; and

(e)state that the burden was imposed for the purpose of promoting economic development and provide information in support of that statement.

(3)If subsections (1) and (2) above are complied with and immediately before the appointed day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior or would be so enforceable were the Scottish Ministers or as the case may be the local authority to complete title to the dominium directum then on that day the real burden shall be converted into an economic development burden and on and after that day the Scottish Ministers or, as the case may be, the authority, shall—

(a)have title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice relates; and

(b)be presumed to have an interest to enforce it.

(4)Title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice relates shall be subject to any such counter-obligation as was set out by virtue of subsection (2)(d) above.

(5)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

Textual Amendments

F12Ss. 18A-18C inserted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(2), 129(3) (with ss. 119, 121)

18CConversion into health care burdenS

(1)Without prejudice to section 18 of this Act, where a feudal estate of dominium utile of land is subject to a real burden which is imposed for the purpose of promoting the provision of facilities for health care and is enforceable by a National Health Service trust or the Scottish Ministers, being in either case the superior of the feu, or would be so enforceable were the trust or as the case may be the Scottish Ministers to complete title to the dominium directum, the superior may, before the appointed day, by duly executing and registering against the dominium utile a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 5C to this Act, prospectively convert that burden into a health care burden.

(2)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land);

(c)set out the terms of the real burden;

(d)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the superior; and

(e)state that the burden was imposed for the purpose of promoting the provision of facilities for health care and provide information in support of that statement.

(3)If subsections (1) and (2) are complied with and immediately before the appointed day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior or would be so enforceable were the trust or as the case may be the Scottish Ministers to complete title to the dominium directum then on that day the real burden shall be converted into a health care burden and on and after that day the trust or, as the case may be, the Scottish Ministers, shall—

(a)have title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice in question relates; and

(b)be presumed to have an interest to enforce it.

(4)Title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice relates shall be subject to any such counter-obligation as was set out by virtue of subsection (2)(d) above.

(5)In subsections (1) and (2) above, “facilities for health care” includes facilities ancillary to health care; as for example (but without prejudice to that generality) accommodation for staff employed to provide health care.

(6)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.]

Textual Amendments

F12Ss. 18A-18C inserted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(2), 129(3) (with ss. 119, 121)

19 Reallotment of real burden by agreementS

(1)Where a feudal estate of dominium utile of land is subject to a real burden enforceable by a superior of the feu or which would be so enforceable were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum the superior may, before the appointed day—

(a)serve notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 6 to this Act, on the person who has right to the feu that he seeks to enter into an agreement with that person under this section prospectively nominating other land (being land of which the superior has right to the sole dominium utile or sole allodial ownership), or any part of that other land, as a dominant tenement;

(b)enter into such an agreement with that person; and

(c)duly register that agreement;

but if they think fit they may, by the agreement, modify the real burden or any counter— obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the superior (or both the real burden and any such counter-obligation).

(2)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe both the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land) and the land (or part) nominated;

(c)set out the terms of the real burden; and

(d)set out the terms of any such counter-obligation as is mentioned in subsection (1) above.

(3)An agreement such as is mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above shall be a written agreement—

(a)which expressly states that it is made under this section; and

(b)which includes all the information, other than that relating to service, required to be set out in completing the notice the form of which is contained in schedule 6 to this Act.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) above an agreement is duly registered only when registered against both tenements described in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) above.

(5)If subsections (1)(b) and (c), (3) and (4) above are complied with and immediately before the appointed day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior (or by his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum then on that day—

(a)the land (or part) nominated shall become a dominant tenement; and

(b)the land the dominium utile of which was subject to the real burden (or if part only of that land is described in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) above, that part) shall be the servient tenement.

(6)A person may enter into an agreement under this section even if he has not completed title to the dominium utile of the land subject to the real burden, or as the case may be title to the dominium directum of that land or to the dominium utile of the land nominated (or, if the land nominated is allodial land, to the land nominated), provided that, in any case to which section 15(3) of the Land Registration (Scotland) Act 1979 (c.33) (simplification of deeds relating to registered interests) does not apply, he deduces title, in the agreement, from the person who appears in the Register of Sasines as having the last recorded title to the interest in question.

(7)This section is subject to section 42 of this Act.

20 Reallotment of real burden by order of Lands TribunalS

(1)Where but for paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 18 of this Act a superior could proceed under that subsection prospectively to nominate land (in this section referred to as the “prospective dominant tenement”) he may, provided that he has first, in pursuance of section 19 of this Act, attempted to reach agreement as respects the real burden in question with the person who has right to the feu, apply to the Lands Tribunal for an order under subsection (7) of this section; but such an application is competent only if made F14. . . before the appointed day.

(2)An applicant under subsection (1) above shall include in his application a description of the requisite attempt to reach agreement.

(3)After sending or delivering to the Lands Tribunal an application under subsection (1) above, the superior may, within—

(a)42 days; or

(b)such longer period of days (being a period which ends before the appointed day) as the Lands Tribunal may allow if it is satisfied that there is good cause for so allowing,

duly execute and register a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 7 to this Act; F15. . . .

(4)The notice shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, both the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or any part of that land) and the prospective dominant tenement;

(c)set out the terms of the real burden; and

(d)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter— obligation enforceable against the superior.

(5)For the purposes of this section, a notice is duly registered only when registered against both tenements described in pursuance of subsection (4)(b) above; and if it is so registered and immediately before the appointed day—

(a)the real burden is still enforceable by the superior (or by his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum; and

(b)no order under subsection (7) below has been registered under subsection (11) below in respect of the application,

then on that day the prospective dominant tenement shall, for the transitional period, become the dominant tenement and the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or, if part only of that land is described under paragraph (b) of subsection (4) above, that part) shall, for the transitional period, be the servient tenement.

(6)The reference in subsection (5) above to the transitional period is to the period beginning on the appointed day and ending on—

(a)the day on which an order under subsection (7) below is registered under subsection (11) below in respect of the application; or

(b)if no such order is so registered, such day later than the appointed day as the Scottish Ministers may by order specify (that later day being in this Act referred to as the (“specified day”.

(7)If, on an application under subsection (1) above as respects which a notice has been duly registered—

(a)the Lands Tribunal is satisfied that, were the real burden to be extinguished, there would be [F16material detriment to the value or enjoyment of the applicant’s ownership (taking him to have ownership)] of the dominant tenement, the Tribunal may order that, subject to subsection (9) of this section—

(i)if the order can be and is registered before the appointed day, then on that day the prospective dominant tenement shall become the dominant tenement and the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the real burden (or, if part only of that land is described under paragraph (b) of subsection (4) above, that part) shall be the servient tenement; or

(ii)the dominant tenement for the transitional period shall, after that period, continue to be the dominant tenement and the servient tenement for the transitional period shall, after that period, continue to be the servient tenement;[F17 or

(b)the Lands Tribunal is not so satisfied, it may make an order refusing the application.]

F18. . .

(b)F18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)Where in respect of the application—

(a)an order under paragraph (a) of subsection (7) above is registered—

(i)before the appointed day and immediately before that day the real burden is still enforceable by the superior (or by his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum, then on that day; or

(ii)on or after the appointed day and immediately before the day of registration the real burden is still enforceable by the former superior (or by his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, as mentioned in sub-paragraph (i) above, then on the day of registration,

the prospective dominant tenement shall become the dominant tenement and the land the dominium utile of which was subject to the real burden (or, if part only of that land is described under paragraph (b) of subsection (4) above, that part) shall be the servient tenement;

(b)F19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)F19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(9)An order under subsection (7)(a) above may modify the real burden or any counter— obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the applicant (or both the real burden and any such counter-obligation).

(10)The decision of the Lands Tribunal on an application under subsection (1) above shall be final.

(11)An order under subsection (7) above shall forthwith be extracted and registered by the Lands Tribunal against both tenements described in pursuance of subsection (4)(b) above; and the expenses of registration shall be borne by the applicant.

(12)Subsections (2) and (3) of section 17 of this Act shall apply in relation to real burdens extinguished or rendered unenforceable by virtue of this section as they apply in relation to real burdens extinguished or so rendered by subsection (1) of that section with the substitution, if the extinction or rendering is after the appointed day, for each reference in them to that day, of a reference to the day which ends the transitional period.

(13)A person opposing an application made under subsection (1) above incurs no liability, unless in the opinion of the Lands Tribunal his actings are vexatious or frivolous, in respect of expenses incurred by the applicant.

(14)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

(15)Before submitting any notice for registration under this section, the superior shall swear or affirm before a notary public that to the best of the knowledge and belief of the superior all the information contained in the notice is true.

(16)For the purposes of subsection (15) above, if the superior is—

(a)an individual unable by reason of legal disability, or incapacity, to swear or affirm as mentioned in that subsection, then a legal representative of the superior may swear or affirm;

(b)not an individual, then any person authorised to sign documents on its behalf may swear or affirm;

and the references in that subsection to the superior shall be construed accordingly.

21 Manner of dealing with application under section 20S

(1)On receiving an application under section 20 of this Act the Lands Tribunal shall give such notice of that application, whether by way of advertisement or otherwise, as may be prescribed for the purposes of that section by the Scottish Ministers by rules under section 3 of the Lands Tribunal Act 1949 (c.42) to any person who has right to the feu which is subject to the real burden in question and, if the Lands Tribunal thinks fit, to any other person.

(2)Any person who, whether or not he has received notice under subsection (1) above, has right to the feu which is subject to the real burden in question (or as the case may be has right to the servient tenement) or is affected by that real burden or by its proposed reallotment shall be entitled, within such time as may be so prescribed, to oppose or make representations in relation to the application; and the Lands Tribunal shall allow any such person, and may allow any other person who appears to it to be affected by that real burden or by its proposed reallotment, to be heard in relation to the application.

(3)Without prejudice to subsections (1) and (2) above, the Scottish Ministers may, in rules under the said section 3, make special provision in relation to any matter pertaining to proceedings in applications under section 20 of this Act (or in any class of such applications).

22 Amendment of Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992S

In section 11 (proceedings in relation to which there is no appeal from the decision of the Lands Tribunal) of the Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992 (c.53), in subsection (2)—

(a)the words after “in relation to” shall be paragraph (a); and

(b)after that paragraph there shall be inserted ; or

(b)proceedings under section 20 of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 (asp 5) (reallotment of real burden).

23 Reallotment of real burden affecting facility of benefit to other land etc.S

F20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24 Interest to enforce real burdenS

Sections 18 to 20 F21. . . of this Act are without prejudice to any requirement that a dominant proprietor have an interest to enforce a real burden (and such interest shall not be presumed).

Textual Amendments

25 Counter-obligations on reallotmentS

Where a real burden is reallotted under section 18, 19 [F22or 20] of this Act [F23or under section 56 or 63 of the Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9) (which make provision, respectively, as to facility burdens and service burdens and as to manager burdens)], the right to enforce the burden shall be subject to any counter-obligation (modified as the case may be by the agreement or by the order of the Lands Tribunal) enforceable against the superior immediately before [F24reallotment is effected].

Conservation burdensS

26 Conservation bodiesS

F25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27 Notice preserving right to enforce conservation burdenS

(1)Where a conservation body has, or the Scottish Ministers have, the right as superior to enforce a real burden of the class described in subsection (2) below or would have that right were it or they to complete title to the dominium directum, it or they may, before the appointed day, preserve for the benefit of the public the right to enforce the burden in question after that day by executing and registering against the dominium utile of the land subject to the burden a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 8 to this Act; and [F26, without prejudice to section 27A(1) of this Act,] any burden as respects which such a right is so preserved shall, on and after the appointed day, be known as a “conservation burden”.

(2)The class is those real burdens which are enforceable against a feudal estate of dominium utile of land for the purpose of preserving, or protecting—

(a)the architectural or historical characteristics of the land; or

(b)any other special characteristics of the land (including, without prejudice to the generality of this paragraph, a special characteristic derived from the flora, fauna or general appearance of the land).

(3)The notice shall—

(a)state that the superior is a conservation body by virtue of section [F2738 of the Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9) (which makes provision generally as respects conservation burdens)] or that the superior is the Scottish Ministers;

(b)set out the title of the superior;

(c)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, the land subject to the real burden (or any part of that land);

(d)set out the terms of the real burden; and

(e)set out the terms of any counter-obligation to the real burden if it is a counter-obligation enforceable against the superior.

(4)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

[F2827ANomination of conservation body or Scottish Ministers to have title to enforce conservation burdenS

(1)Where a person other than a conservation body or the Scottish Ministers has the right as superior to enforce a real burden of the class described in section 27(2) of this Act or would have that right were he to complete title to the dominium directum, he may, subject to subsection (2) below, before the appointed day nominate for the benefit of the public, by executing and registering against the dominium utile of the land subject to the burden a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 8A to this Act, a conservation body or the Scottish Ministers to have title on or after that day to enforce the burden against that land; and, without prejudice to section 27(1) of this Act, any burden as respects which such title to enforce is by virtue of this subsection so obtained shall, on and after the appointed day, be known as a “conservation burden”.

(2)Subsection (1) above applies only where the consent of the nominee to being so nominated is obtained—

(a)in a case where sending a copy of the notice, in compliance with section 41(3) of this Act, is reasonably practicable, before that copy is so sent; and

(b)in any other case, before the notice is executed.

(3)The notice shall—

(a)state that the nominee is a conservation body (identifying it) or the Scottish Ministers, as the case may be; and

(b)do as mentioned in paragraphs (b) to (e) of section 27(3) of this Act.

(4)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act except that, in the application of subsection (1)(i) of section 42 for the purposes of this subsection, such discharge as is mentioned in that subsection shall be taken to require the consent of the nominated person.]

28 Enforcement of conservation burdenS

(1)F29. . . If a notice has been executed and registered in accordance with section 27 of this Act and, immediately before the appointed day, the burden to which the notice relates is still enforceable by the conservation body or the Scottish Ministers as superior or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the body in question or they to complete title to the dominium directum then, on and after the appointed day, the conservation body or as the case may be the Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)subject to any counter-obligation, have title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice in question relates; and

(b)be presumed to have an interest to enforce that burden.

(2)The references in subsection (1) above to—

(a)the conservation body include references to—

(i)any conservation body which is; or

(ii)the Scottish Ministers where they are,

its successor as superior;

(b)the Scottish Ministers include references to a conservation body which is their successor as superior.

Textual Amendments

[F3028AEffect of section 27A nominationS

If a notice has been executed and registered in accordance with section 27A of this Act and, immediately before the appointed day, the burden to which the notice relates is still enforceable by the nominating person as superior (or by such person as is his successor) or would be so enforceable, or still so enforceable, were the person in question to complete title to the dominium directum then, on and after the appointed day, the conservation body or as the case may be the Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)subject to any counter-obligation, have title to enforce the burden against the land to which the notice in question relates; and

(b)be presumed to have an interest to enforce that burden.]

29 Assignation of right to conservation burdenS

F31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30 Deduction of title for conservation burdenS

F32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

31 Extinction of burden on body ceasing to be conservation bodyS

F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32 No standard security over conservation burdenS

F34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CompensationS

33 Notice reserving right to claim compensation where land subject to development value burdenS

(1)Where—

(a)before the appointed day, land was feued subject to a real burden enforceable by a superior (or so enforceable if the person in question were to complete title to the dominium directum) which reserved for the superior the benefit (whether wholly or in part) of any development value of the land (such a real burden being referred to in this Part of this Act as a (“development value burden”; and

(b)either—

(i)the consideration paid, or payable, under the grant in feu was significantly lower than it would have been had the feu not been subject to the real burden; or

(ii)no consideration was paid, or payable, under the grant in feu,

the superior may, before that day, reserve the right to claim (in accordance with section 35 of this Act) compensation by executing and registering against the dominium utile of the land subject to the burden a notice in, or as nearly as may be in, the form contained in schedule 9 to this Act.

(2)A notice under this section shall—

(a)set out the title of the superior;

(b)describe, sufficiently to enable identification by reference to the Ordnance Map, the land the dominium utile of which is subject to the development value burden;

(c)set out the terms of the burden;

(d)state that the burden reserves development value and set out any information relevant to that statement;

(e)set out, to the best of the superior’s knowledge and belief, the amount by which the consideration was reduced because of the imposition of the burden; and

(f)the superior reserves the right to claim compensation in accordance with section 35 of this Act.

(3)Before submitting any notice for registration under this section, the superior shall swear or affirm before a notary public that to the best of the knowledge and belief of the superior all the information contained in the notice is true.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) above, if the superior is—

(a)an individual unable by reason of legal disability, or incapacity, to swear or affirm as mentioned in that subsection, then a legal representative of the superior may swear or affirm;

(b)not an individual, then any person authorised to sign documents on its behalf may swear or affirm;

and any reference in that subsection to a superior shall be construed accordingly.

(5)In this Part of this Act, “development value” (except in the expression “development value burden”) means any significant increase in the value of the land arising as a result of the land becoming free to be used, or dealt with, in some way not permitted under the grant in feu.

(6)This section is subject to sections 41 and 42 of this Act.

34 Transmissibility of right to claim compensation[j074.doc]S

A right to claim compensation reserved in accordance with section 33 of this Act is transmissible.

35 Claiming compensationS

(1)Where the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) below are satisfied, any person who has, by or by virtue of a notice executed and registered in accordance with section 33 of this Act, a reserved right to claim compensation shall be entitled, subject to any order under section 44(2) of this Act, to compensation from the person who is the owner.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)the real burden set out in the notice was, immediately before the appointed day, enforceable by the superior or would have been so enforceable immediately before that day had the person in question completed title to the dominium directum;

(b)on that day the burden, or as the case may be any right (or right on completion of title) of the superior to enforce the burden, was extinguished, or rendered unenforceable, by section 17(1) of this Act; and

(c)at any time—

(i)during the period of five years ending immediately before the appointed day, there was a breach of the burden; or

(ii)during the period of twenty years beginning with the appointed day, there was an occurrence, which, but for the burden becoming extinct, or unenforceable, as mentioned in paragraph (b) above, would have been a breach of the burden.

(3)Where a person is entitled, by virtue of subsection (1) above, to compensation, he shall make any claim for such compensation by notice in writing duly served on the owner; and any such notice shall specify, in accordance with section 37 of this Act, the amount of compensation claimed.

(4)Where, in relation to a claim made under subsection (3) above, the condition mentioned in—

(a)sub-paragraph (i) of subsection (2)(c) above applies, any such claim may not be made more than three years after the appointed day;

(b)sub-paragraph (ii) of subsection (2)(c) above applies, any such claim may not be made more than three years after the date of the occurrence.

(5)For the purposes of this section, if a breach, or occurrence, such as is mentioned in subsection (2)(c) above is continuing, the breach or, as the case may be, occurrence shall be taken to occur when it first happens.

(6)The reference in subsection (3) above to a notice being duly served shall be construed in accordance with section 36 of this Act.

36 Service under section 35(3)S

(1)Due service under section 35(3) of this Act is effected by delivering the notice in question to the owner or by sending it by registered post, or the recorded delivery service, addressed to him at an appropriate place.

(2)An acknowledgement, signed by the owner, which conforms to Form A of schedule 10 to this Act, or as the case may be a certificate which conforms to Form B of that schedule and is accompanied by the postal receipt, shall be sufficient evidence of such due service; and if the notice in question is, under subsection (1) above, sent by post but is returned to the person who is entitled to compensation with an intimation that it could not be delivered, the notice may be delivered or sent by post, with that intimation, to the Extractor of the Court of Session, the delivery or sending to the Extractor being taken to be equivalent to the service of that notice on the owner.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, an acknowledgement of receipt by the Extractor on a copy of that notice shall be sufficient evidence of its receipt by him.

(4)The date on which notice under section 35(3) of this Act is served on an owner is the date of delivery, or as the case may be of posting, in compliance with subsection (1) or (2) above.

(5)A reference in this section to an “appropriate place” is, for any owner, to be construed as a reference to—

(a)his place of residence;

(b)his place of business; or

(c)a postal address which he ordinarily uses,

or, if none of those is known at the time of delivery or posting, as a reference to whatever place is at that time his most recently known place of residence or place of business or postal address which he ordinarily used.

37 Amount of compensationS

(1)The amount of any compensation payable on a claim made under section 35(3) of this Act shall, subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, be such sum as represents, at the time of the breach or occurrence in question, any development value which would have accrued to the owner had the burden been modified to the extent necessary to permit the land to be used, or dealt with, in the way that constituted the breach or, as the case may be, occurrence on which the claim is based.

(2)The amount payable as compensation (or, where more than one claim is made in relation to the same development value burden, the total compensation payable) under subsection (1) above shall not exceed such sum as will make up for any effect which the burden produced, at the time when it was imposed, in reducing the consideration then paid or made payable for the feu.

(3)In assessing for the purposes of subsection (1) above an amount of compensation payable—

(a)any entitlement of the claimant to recover any part of the development value of the land subject to the development value burden shall be taken into account; and

(b)a claimant to whom the reserved right was assigned or otherwise transferred shall be entitled to no greater sum than the former superior would have been had there been no such assignation or transfer.

(4)The reference in subsection (1) above to a burden shall, in relation to an occurrence, be construed as a reference to the burden which would have been breached but for its becoming, by section 17(1) of this Act, extinct or unenforceable.

38 Duty to disclose identity of ownerS

Where a person (“the claimant”) purports duly to serve notice under section 35(3) of this Act and the person on whom it is served, being a person who had right, before the time of the breach (or, as the case may be, occurrence) founded on by the claimant, to the dominium utile (or the ownership) of the land, is not the owner, that person shall forthwith disclose to the claimant—

(a)the identity and address of the owner; or

(b)(if he cannot do that) such other information as he has that might enable the claimant to discover the identity and address;

and the notice shall refer to that requirement for disclosure.

39 The expression “owner” for purposes of sections 35 to 38S

(1)In sections 35 to 38 of this Act, “owner” means the person who, at the time of the breach or, as the case may be, occurrence, mentioned in section 35(2)(c) of this Act, has right to—

(a)the dominium utile; or

(b)the ownership,

of the land which, immediately before the appointed day, was subject to the development value burden, whether or not he has completed title; and if more than one person comes within that description, then the owner is the person who has most recently acquired such right.

(2)Where the land in question is held by two or more such owners as common property, they shall be severally liable to make any compensatory payment (but as between, or as the case may be among, themselves they shall be liable in the proportions in which they hold the land).

40 Assignation, discharge, or restriction, of reserved right to claim compensationS

A reserved right to claim, in accordance with section 35 of this Act, compensation may be—

(a)assigned, whether wholly or to such extent (expressed as a percentage of each claim which may come to be made) as may be specified in the assignation; or

(b)discharged or restricted,

by execution and registration of an assignation, or as the case may be a discharge, or restriction, in the form, or as nearly as may be in the form, contained in schedule 11 to this Act.

MiscellaneousS

41 Notices: pre-registration requirements etc.S

(1)This section applies in relation to any notice which is to be submitted for registration under this Act.

(2)It shall not be necessary to endorse on the notice a warrant of registration.

(3)Except where it is not reasonably practicable to do so, a superior shall, before he executes the notice, send by post to the person who has the estate of dominium utile of the land to which the burden relates (addressed to “The Proprietor” where the name of that person is not known) a copy of—

(a)the notice; and

(b)the explanatory note set out in whichever schedule to this Act relates to the notice.

(4)A superior shall, in the notice, state either—

(a)that a copy of the notice has been sent in accordance with subsection (3) above; or

(b)that it was not reasonably practicable for such a copy to be sent.

42 Further provision as respects sections 18 to 20, 27 and 33S

(1)Where—

(a)a notice relating to a real burden has been registered under section 18, [F3518A, 18B, 18C,] 20, 27 [F36, 27A] or 33 of this Act; or

(b)an agreement relating to a real burden has been registered under section 19 of this Act,

against the dominium utile of any land which is subject to the burden, it shall not be competent to register under any of those sections against that dominium utile another such notice or agreement relating to the same real burden; but nothing in this subsection shall prevent registration where—

(i)the discharge of any earlier such notice has been registered by the person who registered that notice (or by his successor); or

(ii)as the case may be, the discharge of any earlier such agreement has been registered, jointly, by the parties to that agreement (or by their successors).

(2)Where the dominium utile of any land comprises parts each held by a separate vassal, each part shall be taken to be a separate feudal estate of dominium utile.

(3)Where more than one feudal estate of dominium utile is subject to the same real burden enforceable by a superior of the feu, he shall, if he wishes to execute and register a notice under section 18, [F3518A, 18B, 18C,] 20, 27 [F36, 27A] or 33 of this Act against those feudal estates in respect of that real burden, require to do so against each separately.

(4)Where a feudal estate of dominium utile is subject to more than one real burden enforceable by a superior of the feu, he may if he wishes to—

(a)execute and register a notice under section 18, [F3518A, 18B, 18C,] 20, 27 [F36, 27A] or 33 of this Act against that feudal estate in respect of those real burdens, do so by a single notice; or

(b)enter into and register an agreement under section 19 of this Act against that feudal estate in respect of those real burdens, do so by a single agreement.

[F37(5)Nothing in this Part requires registration against land prospectively nominated as a dominant tenement but outwith Scotland.]

43 Notices and agreements under certain sections: extent of Keeper’s dutyS

(1)In relation to any notice submitted for registration under section 18, [F3818A, 18B, 18C,] 20, 27 [F39, 27A] or 33 of this Act, the Keeper of the Registers of Scotland shall not be required to determine whether the superior has complied with the terms of section 41(3) of this Act.

(2)In relation to any notice, or as the case may be any agreement, submitted for registration under—

(a)section 18, [F3818A, 18B, 18C,] 19, 20, 27 [F39, 27A] or 33 of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine whether, for the purposes of subsection (1) of the section in question, a real burden is enforceable by a superior;

(b)section 18 of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine, where, in pursuance of subsection (2)(c) of that section, the condition specified is that mentioned in subsection (7)(a) of that section, whether the terms of that condition are satisfied;

[F40(bb)section 18B or 18C of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine whether—

(i)the requirements of subsection (1) of the section in question are satisfied; or

(ii)the statement made in pursuance of subsection (2)(e) of the section in question is correct;]

(c)paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of section 19 of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine whether the requirements of paragraph (a) of that subsection are satisfied;

(d)section 20 of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine—

(i)whether the description provided in pursuance of subsection (2) of that section is correct;

(ii)whether the notice has been executed, and is being registered, timeously; or

(iii)any matter as to which the Lands Tribunal must be satisfied before making an order under that section;

(e)section 33 of this Act, the Keeper shall not be required to determine whether—

(i)the requirements of subsection (1)(a) and (b) of that section are satisfied; or

(ii)the statements made or information provided, in pursuance of subsection (2)(d) or (e) of that section, are correct.

(3)The Keeper shall not be required to determine—

(a)for the purposes of section 18(6), [F4118A(5), 18B(3), 18C(3),] 19(5), 20(5) or (8)(a)(i), 28 [F42, 28A] or 60(1) of this Act, whether immediately before the appointed day a real burden is, or is still, enforceable, or by whom; or

(b)for the purposes of subsection (8)(a)(ii) of section 20 of this Act, whether immediately before the day of registration of an order of the Lands Tribunal under subsection (7) of that section a real burden is, or is still, enforceable, or by whom.

44 Referral to Lands Tribunal of notice disputeS

(1)Any dispute arising in relation to a notice registered under this Act may be referred to the Lands Tribunal; and, in determining the dispute, the Tribunal may make such order as it thinks fit discharging or, to such extent as may be specified in the order, restricting the notice in question.

(2)Any dispute arising in relation to a claim made under section 35(3) of this Act may be referred to the Lands Tribunal; and, in determining the dispute, the Tribunal may make such order as it thinks fit (including an order fixing the amount of any compensation payable under the claim in question).

(3)In any referral under subsection (1) or (2) above, the burden of proving any disputed question of fact shall be on the person relying on the notice or, as the case may be, making the claim.

(4)An extract of any order made under subsection (1) or (2) above may be registered and the order shall take effect as respects third parties on such registration.

45 Circumstances where certain notices may be registered after appointed dayS

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, where—

(a)a notice submitted, before the appointed day, for registration under this Act, or an agreement so submitted for registration under section 19 of this Act, is rejected by the Keeper of the Registers of Scotland; but

(b)a court or the Lands Tribunal then determines that the notice or agreement is registrable,

the notice or agreement may, if not registered before the appointed day, be registered—

(i)within two months after the determination is made; but

(ii)before such date after the appointed day as the Scottish Ministers may by order prescribe,

and any notice or agreement registered under this subsection on or after the appointed day shall be treated as if it had been registered before that day.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, the application to the court, or to the Lands Tribunal, which has resulted in the determination shall require to have been made within such period as the Scottish Ministers may by order prescribe.

(3)In subsection (1)(b) above, “court” means any court having jurisdiction in questions of heritable right or title.

F4346 Duties of Keeper: amendments relating to the extinction of certain real burdensS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

47 Extinction of counter-obligationS

Without prejudice to any other way in which a counter-obligation to a real burden may be extinguished, any such counter-obligation is extinguished on the extinction of the real burden.

48 No implication as to dominant tenement where real burden created in grant in feuS

Where a real burden is created (or has at any time been created) in a grant in feu, the superior having the dominium utile, or allodial ownership, of land (the (“superior’s land” in the vicinity of the land feued, no implication shall thereby arise that the superior’s land is a dominant tenement.

InterpretationS

49 Interpretation of Part 4S

In this Part of this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • conservation body” means a body prescribed [F44by order under section 38(4) of the Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9)];

  • conservation burden” shall be construed in accordance with [F45sections 27(1) and 27A(1)] of this Act;

  • development value burden” and “development value” shall be construed in accordance with section 33 of this Act;

  • [F46economic development burden” shall be construed in accordance with section 18B(3) of this Act;

  • health care burden” shall be construed in accordance with section 18C(3) of this Act;

  • local authority” means a council constituted under section 2 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39);]

  • notary public” includes any person duly authorised by the law of the country (other than Scotland) in which the swearing or affirmation takes place to administer oaths or receive affirmations in that other country;

  • [F47personal pre-emption burden” and “personal redemption burden” shall be construed in accordance with section 18A(5) of this Act]

  • real burden”—

    (a)

    includes—

    (i)

    a right of pre-emption;

    (ii)

    a right of redemption; or

    (iii)

    F48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    provided that it is constituted as a real burden; but

    (b)

    does not include a pecuniary real burden [F49or sporting rights (as defined by section 65A(9) of this Act)];

  • registering” means registering an interest in land (or information relating to such an interest) in the Land Register of Scotland or, as the case may be, recording a document in the Register of Sasines; and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly; and

  • superior” means a person who has right to the immediate superiority or to any over-superiority, whether or not he has completed title (and if more than one person comes within either of those descriptions then, in relation to that description, the person who has most recently acquired such right) and “former superior” shall be construed accordingly.

Textual Amendments

F44S. 49: words in definition of "conservation body" substituted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(6), 129(3), sch. 13 para. 10(a) (with ss. 119, 121)

F45S. 49: words in definition of "conservation burden" substituted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(6), 129(3), sch. 13 para. 10(b) (with ss. 119, 121)

F46S. 49: definitions inserted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(6), 129(3), sch. 13 para. 10(c) (with ss. 119, 121)

F48S. 49: words in definition of "real burden" repealed (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 128(2), 129(5)(b)(c), sch. 15 (with ss. 119, 121)

F49S. 49: words in definition of "real burden" inserted (4.4.2003) by Title Conditions (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 9), ss. 114(6), 129(3), sch. 13 para. 10(e) (with ss. 119, 121)

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