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Landlord and Tenant Act 1985

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Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 17 June 2021. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Help about Changes to Legislation


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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Information to be given to tenant

    1. 1. Disclosure of landlord’s identity.

    2. 2. Disclosure of directors, &c. of corporate landlord.

    3. 3. Duty to inform tenant of assignment of landlord’s interest.

    4. 3A. Duty to inform tenant of possible right to acquire landlord’s interest.

  3. Provision of rent books

    1. 4. Provision of rent books.

    2. 5. Information to be contained in rent books.

    3. 6. Information to be supplied by companies.

    4. 7. Offences.

  4. Implied terms as to fitness for human habitation

    1. 8. Implied terms as to fitness for human habitation: Wales.

    2. 9. Application of s. 8 to certain houses occupied by agricultural workers.

    3. 9A.Fitness for human habitation of dwellings in England

    4. 9B.Leases to which section 9A applies

    5. 9C.Application of section 9A to certain dwellings occupied by agricultural workers

    6. 10. Fitness for human habitation.

  5. Repairing obligations

    1. 11. Repairing obligations in short leases.

    2. 12. Restriction on contracting out of s. 11.

    3. 13. Leases to which s. 11 applies: general rule.

    4. 14. Leases to which s. 11 applies: exceptions.

    5. 15. Jurisdiction of county court.

    6. 16. Meaning of “lease” and related expressions.

    7. 17. Specific performance of landlord’s repairing obligations.

  6. Service charges

    1. 18. Meaning of “service charge” and “relevant costs”.

    2. 19. Limitation of service charges: reasonableness.

    3. 20. Limitation of service charges: consultation requirements

    4. 20ZA. Consultation requirements: supplementary

    5. 20A. Limitation of service charges: grant-aided works.

    6. 20B. Limitation of service charges: time limit on making demands.

    7. 20C. Limitation of service charges: costs of proceedings.

    8. 21.Service charge information

    9. 21A. Withholding of service charges

    10. 21B. Notice to accompany demands for service charges

    11. 22. Request to inspect supporting accounts &c.

    12. 23. Request relating to information held by superior landlord.

    13. 23A. Effect of change of landlord

    14. 24.Effect of assignment on request.

    15. 25. Failure to comply with s. 21, 22 or 23 an offence.

    16. 26. Exception: tenants of certain public authorities.

    17. 27. Exception: rent registered and not entered as variable.

    18. 27A. Liability to pay service charges: jurisdiction

    19. 28. Meaning of “qualified accountant”.

    20. 29. Meaning of “recognised tenants’ association”.

    21. 29A.Tenants' associations: power to request information about tenants

    22. 30. Meaning of “flat”, “landlord” and “tenant”.

  7. Insurance

    1. 30A. Rights of tenants with respect to insurance.

  8. Managing agents

    1. 30B. Recognised tenants’ associations to be consulted about managing agents.

  9. Miscellaneous

    1. 31. Reserve power to limit rents.

  10. Supplementary provisions

    1. 31A. Jurisdiction of leasehold valuation tribunal.

    2. 31B.Leasehold valuation tribunal: applications and fees.

    3. 31C.Transfer of cases from county court.

    4. 32. Provisions not applying to tenancies within Part II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954.

    5. 33. Liability of directors, &c. for offences by body corporate.

    6. 34. Power of local housing authority to prosecute.

    7. 35. Application to Isles of Scilly.

    8. 36. Meaning of “lease” and “tenancy” and related expressions.

    9. 37. Meaning of “statutory tenant” and related expressions.

    10. 38. Minor definitions.

    11. 39. Index of defined expressions.

  11. Final provisions

    1. 40. Short title, commencement and extent.



      1. Construction

        1. 1.In this Schedule— “ landlord ”, in relation to a...

      2. Request for summary of insurance cover

        1. 2.

      3. Request to inspect insurance policy etc.

        1. 3.

      4. Request relating to insurance effected by superior landlord

        1. 4.

        2. 4A.Effect of change of landlord

      5. Effect of assignment on request

        1. 5.

      6. Failure to comply with paragraph 2, 3 or 4 an offence

        1. 6.

      7. Tenant’s right to notify insurers of possible claim

        1. 7.(1) This paragraph applies to any dwelling in respect of...

      8. Right to challenge landlord’s choice of insurers

        1. 8.

      9. Exception for tenants of certain public authorities

        1. 9.

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