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Data Protection Act 2018

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76Transfers on the basis of special circumstancesE+W+S+N.I.
This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)A transfer of personal data to a third country or international organisation is based on special circumstances where the transfer is necessary—

(a)to protect the vital interests of the data subject or another person,

(b)to safeguard the legitimate interests of the data subject,

(c)for the prevention of an immediate and serious threat to the public security of a member State or a third country,

(d)in individual cases for any of the law enforcement purposes, or

(e)in individual cases for a legal purpose.

(2)But subsection (1)(d) and (e) do not apply if the controller determines that fundamental rights and freedoms of the data subject override the public interest in the transfer.

(3)Where a transfer of data takes place in reliance on subsection (1)—

(a)the transfer must be documented,

(b)the documentation must be provided to the Commissioner on request, and

(c)the documentation must include, in particular—

(i)the date and time of the transfer,

(ii)the name of and any other pertinent information about the recipient,

(iii)the justification for the transfer, and

(iv)a description of the personal data transferred.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a transfer is necessary for a legal purpose if—

(a)it is necessary for the purpose of, or in connection with, any legal proceedings (including prospective legal proceedings) relating to any of the law enforcement purposes,

(b)it is necessary for the purpose of obtaining legal advice in relation to any of the law enforcement purposes, or

(c)it is otherwise necessary for the purposes of establishing, exercising or defending legal rights in relation to any of the law enforcement purposes.

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