Search Legislation

Finance Act 2016

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

PART 6Apprenticeship levy

Basic provisions

98Apprenticeship levy

(1)A tax called apprenticeship levy is to be charged in accordance with this Part.

(2)The Commissioners are responsible for the collection and management of apprenticeship levy.

99Charge to apprenticeship levy

(1)Apprenticeship levy is charged if—

(a)a person has a pay bill for a tax year, and

(b)the relevant percentage of that pay bill exceeds the amount of the person’s levy allowance (if any) for that tax year.

(2)The amount charged for the tax year is equal to—

N − A

where—

  • N is the relevant percentage of the pay bill for the tax year, and

  • A is the amount of the levy allowance (if any) to which the person is entitled for the tax year.

(3)The person mentioned in subsection (1) is liable to pay the amount charged.

(4)Except so far as section 103 provides otherwise, a person who has a pay bill for a tax year is entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year.

(5)The amount of the levy allowance is £15,000 (except where section 101 or 102 provides otherwise).

(6)For the purposes of this section the “relevant percentage” is 0.5%.

100A person’s pay bill for a tax year

(1)A person has a pay bill for a tax year if, in the tax year—

(a)the person is the secondary contributor in relation to payments of earnings to, or for the benefit of, one or more employed earners, and

(b)in consequence, the person incurs liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions.

(2)The amount of the person’s pay bill for the tax year is equal to the total amount of the earnings in respect of which the liabilities mentioned in subsection (1)(b) are incurred.

(3)For the purposes of this section a person is treated as incurring, in respect of any earnings, any liabilities which the person would incur but for the condition in section 6(1)(b) of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

(4)The Treasury may by regulations provide for persons specified in certificates in force under section 120(4) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (employment at sea: continental shelf operations) to be treated for the purposes of this section as the secondary contributor in relation to payments of earnings to which the certificate relates and as liable to pay secondary Class 1 contributions to which the certificate relates.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)references to “payments of earnings” are to be interpreted as they would be interpreted for the purposes of determining liability to pay secondary Class 1 contributions under the Contributions and Benefits Act;

(b)the amount of any earnings is to be calculated in the same manner and on the same basis as for the purpose of calculating the liabilities mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(6)In this section references to liability to pay secondary Class 1 contributions are to liability to pay secondary Class 1 contributions under Part 1 of the Contributions and Benefits Act (and are therefore to be interpreted in accordance with sections 9A(6) and 9B(3) of that Act).

Connected companies and charities

101Connected companies

(1)Two or more companies which are not charities form a “company unit” for a tax year (and are the “members” of that unit) if—

(a)they are connected with one another at the beginning of the tax year, and

(b)each of them is entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year.

(2)The members of a company unit must determine what amount of levy allowance each of them is to be entitled to for the tax year (and the determination must comply with subsections (3) and (4)).

But see subsections (6) and (11).

(3)A member’s levy allowance for a tax year may be zero (but not a negative amount).

(4)The total amount of the levy allowances to which the members of a company unit are entitled for a tax year must equal £15,000.

(5)A determination made under subsection (2) (with respect to a tax year) cannot afterwards be altered by the members concerned (but this does not prevent the correction of a failure to comply with subsection (4)).

(6)If subsection (8) applies—

(a)HMRC must determine in accordance with subsection (7) what amount of levy allowance each of the relevant members (see subsection (8)(a)) of the unit concerned is to be entitled to for the tax year, and

(b)accordingly subsection (2) is treated as never having applied in relation to that company unit and that tax year.

(7)The determination is to be made by multiplying the amount of levy allowance set out in each relevant return (see subsection (8)(a)) by—

where T is the total of the amounts of levy allowance set out in the relevant returns.

The result is, in each case, the amount of the levy allowance to which the relevant member in question is entitled for the tax year (but amounts may be rounded up or down where appropriate provided that subsection (4) is complied with).

(8)This subsection applies if—

(a)HMRC is aware—

(i)that two or more members of a company unit (“the relevant members”) have made apprenticeship levy returns (“the relevant returns”) on the basis mentioned in subsection (9), and

(ii)that those returns, together, imply that the total mentioned in subsection (4) is greater than £15,000,

(b)HMRC has notified the relevant members in writing that HMRC is considering taking action under subsection (6), and

(c)the remedial action specified in the notice has not been taken within the period specified in the notice.

(9)The basis in question is that the member making the return is entitled to a levy allowance (whether or not of zero) for the tax year concerned.

(10)If any member of the company unit mentioned in subsection (8)(a) is not a relevant member, that member is entitled to a levy allowance of zero for the tax year.

(11)If subsection (13) applies—

(a)HMRC must determine in accordance with subsection (12) what amount of levy allowance each of the members of the unit concerned is to be entitled to for the tax year, and

(b)accordingly subsection (2) is treated as never having applied in relation to that company unit and that tax year.

(12)Each member of the unit is to be entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year equal to—

where N is the number of the members of the company unit for the tax year.

Amounts determined in accordance with the formula in this subsection may be rounded up or down where appropriate provided that subsection (4) is complied with.

(13)This subsection applies if—

(a)the total amount paid by the members of a company unit in respect of apprenticeship levy for a tax year or any period in a tax year is less than the total of the amounts due and payable by them for the tax year or other period concerned,

(b)either the members of the unit have made no apprenticeship levy returns for any period in the tax year concerned or the returns that have been made do not contain sufficient information to enable HMRC to determine how the whole of the £15,000 mentioned in subsection (4) is to be used by the members of the unit for the tax year,

(c)HMRC has notified all the members of the unit in writing that HMRC is considering taking action under subsection (11), and

(d)the remedial action specified in the notice has not been taken within the period specified in the notice.

(14)Subsection (4) is to be taken into account in calculating the total of the amounts due and payable as mentioned in subsection (13)(a).

(15)The Commissioners may by regulations provide that in circumstances specified in the regulations the members of a company unit may alter a determination made under subsection (2) (despite subsection (5)).

(16)In this section “apprenticeship levy return” means a return under regulations under section 105(4).

(17)Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the National Insurance Contributions Act 2014 (rules for determining whether companies are “connected” with one another) applies for the purposes of subsection (1) as it applies for the purposes of section 3(1) of that Act.

(18)In this Part “company” has the meaning given by section 1121(1) of CTA 2010 and includes a limited liability partnership.

(19)See section 102 for the meaning of “charity”.

102Connected charities

(1)Two or more charities form a “charities unit” for a tax year (and are the “members” of that unit) if—

(a)they are connected with one another at the beginning of the tax year, and

(b)each of them is entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year.

(2)The members of a charities unit must determine what amount of levy allowance each of them is to be entitled to for the tax year (and the determination must comply with subsections (3) and (4)).

But see subsections (6) and (11).

(3)A member’s levy allowance for a tax year may be zero (but not a negative amount).

(4)The total amount of the levy allowances to which the members of a charities unit are entitled for a tax year must equal £15,000.

(5)A determination made under subsection (2) (with respect to a tax year) cannot afterwards be altered by the members concerned (but this does not prevent the correction of a failure to comply with subsection (4)).

(6)If subsection (8) applies—

(a)HMRC must determine in accordance with subsection (7) what amount of levy allowance each of the relevant members (see subsection (8)(a)) of the unit concerned is to be entitled to for the tax year, and

(b)accordingly subsection (2) is treated as never having applied in relation to that charities unit and that tax year.

(7)The determination is to be made by multiplying the amount of levy allowance set out in each relevant return (see subsection (8)(a)) by—

where T is the total of the amounts of levy allowance set out in the relevant returns.

The result is, in each case, the amount of the levy allowance to which the relevant member in question is entitled for the tax year (but amounts may be rounded up or down where appropriate provided that subsection (4) is complied with).

(8)This subsection applies if—

(a)HMRC is aware—

(i)that two or more members of a charities unit (“the relevant members”) have made apprenticeship levy returns (“the relevant returns”) on the basis mentioned in subsection (9), and

(ii)that those returns, together, imply that the total mentioned in subsection (4) is greater than £15,000,

(b)HMRC has notified the relevant members in writing that HMRC is considering taking action under subsection (6), and

(c)the remedial action specified in the notice has not been taken within the period specified in the notice.

(9)The basis in question is that the member making the return is entitled to a levy allowance (whether or not of zero) for the tax year concerned.

(10)If any member of the charities unit mentioned in subsection (8)(a) is not a relevant member, that member is entitled to a levy allowance of zero for the tax year.

(11)If subsection (13) applies—

(a)HMRC must determine in accordance with subsection (12) what amount of levy allowance each of the members of the unit concerned is to be entitled to for the tax year, and

(b)accordingly subsection (2) is treated as never having applied in relation to that charities unit and that tax year.

(12)Each member of the unit is to be entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year equal to—

where N is the number of the members of the charities unit for the tax year.

Amounts determined in accordance with the formula in this subsection may be rounded up or down where appropriate provided that subsection (4) is complied with.

(13)This subsection applies if—

(a)the total amount paid by the members of a charities unit in respect of apprenticeship levy for a tax year or any period in a tax year is less than the total of the amounts due and payable by them for the tax year or other period concerned,

(b)either the members of the unit have made no apprenticeship levy returns for any period in the tax year concerned or the returns that have been made do not contain sufficient information to enable HMRC to determine how the whole of the £15,000 mentioned in subsection (4) is to be used by the members of the unit for the tax year,

(c)HMRC has notified all the members of the unit in writing that HMRC is considering taking action under subsection (11), and

(d)the remedial action specified in the notice has not been taken within the period specified in the notice.

(14)Subsection (4) is to be taken into account in calculating the total of the amounts due and payable as mentioned in subsection (13)(a).

(15)The Commissioners may by regulations provide that in circumstances specified in the regulations the members of a charities unit may alter a determination made under subsection (2) (despite subsection (5)).

(16)In this section “apprenticeship levy return” means a return under regulations under section 105(4).

(17)In this Part “charity” means—

(a)a charity within the meaning of Part 1 of Schedule 6 to FA 2010;

(b)the Trustees of the National Heritage Memorial Fund;

(c)the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England;

(d)a registered club within the meaning of Chapter 9 of Part 13 of CTA 2010 (community amateur sports clubs).

(18)Subsection (17) is subject to section 118(5).

(19)See sections 118 and 119 for provision about the meaning of “connected” in subsection (1).

Anti-avoidance

103Anti-avoidance

(1)For the purposes of this section “avoidance arrangements” are arrangements the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of which is to secure that a person—

(a)benefits, or further benefits, from an entitlement to a levy allowance for a tax year, or

(b)otherwise obtains an advantage in relation to apprenticeship levy.

(2)Subsection (3) applies where, in consequence of avoidance arrangements within subsection (1)(a) or (b), a person incurs a liability to pay secondary Class 1 contributions in a particular tax year (as opposed to another tax year).

(3)If the person would (apart from this subsection) obtain an advantage in relation to apprenticeship levy as a result of incurring the liability at the time mentioned in subsection (2), section 100 has effect as if the liability had been incurred when it would have been incurred but for the avoidance arrangements.

(4)Subsection (6) applies where (apart from this section) a person (“P”)—

(a)would be in a position to use or make greater use of a levy allowance for a tax year, in consequence of avoidance arrangements within subsection (1)(a), or

(b)would otherwise obtain an advantage in relation to apprenticeship levy in consequence of avoidance arrangements within subsection (1)(a).

(5)But subsection (6) only applies so far as the advantage in relation to apprenticeship levy cannot be counteracted under subsection (3).

(6)P is not entitled to a levy allowance for the tax year.

(7)In this section “arrangements” includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions (whether or not legally enforceable).

(8)In this section a reference to “an advantage in relation to apprenticeship levy” includes a reference to—

(a)repayment or increased repayment of apprenticeship levy,

(b)avoidance or reduction of a charge, or an assessment, to the levy,

(c)avoidance of a possible assessment to the levy,

(d)deferral of a payment of, or advancement of a repayment of, the levy, and

(e)avoidance of an obligation to account for the levy.

(9)Sections 101 and 102 are to be ignored for the purpose of determining under subsection (4) what the position would be apart from this section.

(10)In subsection (2) the reference to “a particular tax year” is to be read as including a reference to the period of 12 months beginning with 6 April 2016.

104Application of other regimes to apprenticeship levy

(1)In section 318(1) of FA 2004 (disclosure of tax avoidance schemes: interpretation), in the definition of “tax”, after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)apprenticeship levy,.

(2)In section 206(3) of FA 2013 (taxes to which the general anti-abuse rule applies), after paragraph (da) insert—

(db)apprenticeship levy,.

(3)Part 4 of FA 2014 (follower notices and accelerated payments) is amended in accordance with subsections (4) and (5).

(4)In section 200 (meaning of “relevant tax”), after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca)apprenticeship levy,.

(5)In section 203 (meaning of “tax appeal”), after paragraph (e) insert—

(ea)an appeal under section 114 of FA 2016 (apprenticeship levy: appeal against an assessment),.

(6)Part 5 of FA 2014 (promoters of tax avoidance schemes) is amended in accordance with subsections (7) and (8).

(7)In section 253(6) (duty to notify the Commissioners: meaning of “tax return”), after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)a return under regulations made under section 105 of FA 2016 (apprenticeship levy);.

(8)In section 283(1) (interpretation), in the definition of “tax”, after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)apprenticeship levy,.

Payment, collection and recovery

105Assessment, payment etc

(1)The Commissioners may by regulations make provision about the assessment, payment, collection and recovery of apprenticeship levy.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may include—

(a)provision which applies, with or without modifications, provisions of PAYE regulations;

(b)provision for combining any arrangements under the regulations with arrangements under PAYE regulations.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may—

(a)require payments to be made on account of apprenticeship levy;

(b)determine periods (“tax periods”) by reference to which payments are to be made;

(c)make provision about the times at which payments are to be made and methods of payment;

(d)require the amounts payable by reference to tax periods to be calculated (and levy allowance to be taken into account) in the manner and on the basis determined by or under the regulations;

(e)make provision for dealing with cases where such calculations lead to overpayment of levy (by repayment or otherwise);

(f)make other provision about the recovery of overpayments of levy.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision requiring persons to make returns, including provision about—

(a)the periods by reference to which returns are to be made,

(b)the information to be included in returns,

(c)timing, and

(d)the form of, and method of making, returns.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) may—

(a)authorise HMRC to assess to the best of their judgement amounts payable by a person in respect of apprenticeship levy;

(b)make provision about the treatment of amounts so assessed, including provision for treating such amounts as apprenticeship levy payable by the person;

(c)make provision about the process of assessments.

(6)Regulations under subsection (1) may make, in relation to amounts of apprenticeship levy which have been repaid to a person and ought not to have been repaid, any provision which may be made in relation to apprenticeship levy payable by a person.

(7)Where—

(a)a repayment of apprenticeship levy has been increased in accordance with section 102 of FA 2009 (repayment interest), and

(b)the whole or part of the repayment has been paid to any person but ought not to have been paid to the person,

any amount by which the repayment paid to the person ought not to have been increased is to be treated for the purposes of regulations made by virtue of subsection (6) as if it were an amount of apprenticeship levy repaid to the person which ought not to have been repaid.

(8)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision for enabling the repayment or remission of interest under section 101 of FA 2009.

(9)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) includes—

(a)provision for the making of decisions (other than relevant assessments) by HMRC as to any matter required to be decided for the purposes of the regulations and for appeals against such decisions;

(b)provision for appeals with respect to matters arising under the regulations which would otherwise not be the subject of an appeal;

(c)provision for the way in which any matters provided for by the regulations are to be proved.

(10)In subsection (9) “relevant assessment” means an assessment of amounts payable by a person in respect of apprenticeship levy.

(11)Regulations under subsection (1) must not affect any right of appeal to the tribunal which a person would have apart from the regulations.

(12)In this section (except where the context requires otherwise) references to payments are to payments of, or on account of, apprenticeship levy.

106Recovery from third parties

(1)Regulations under section 105(1) may make corresponding provision for the recovery of amounts in respect of apprenticeship levy from persons other than the person liable to pay the amounts by virtue of section 99(3).

(2)In subsection (1) “corresponding provision” means provision which corresponds to provision made by regulations under the Contributions and Benefits Act for secondary Class 1 contributions in respect of any earnings to be recovered from a person other than the secondary contributor.

107Real time information

(1)Regulations under section 105(1) may make provision—

(a)for authorising or requiring relevant service providers to supply to HMRC information about payments of apprenticeship levy with respect to which their service is provided, or any information the Commissioners may request about features of the service provided or to be provided with respect to particular payments of apprenticeship levy;

(b)for requiring clients to provide relevant service providers with information about payments of apprenticeship levy;

(c)for prohibiting or restricting the disclosure, otherwise than to HMRC, of information by a person to whom it was supplied pursuant to a requirement imposed under paragraph (b);

(d)for conferring power on the Commissioners to specify by directions circumstances in which provision made by virtue of paragraph (a) or (b) is not to apply in relation to a payment;

(e)for requiring relevant service providers to take steps for facilitating the meeting by clients of obligations imposed under paragraph (b);

(f)for requiring compliance with any directions the Commissioners may give—

(i)specifying, or further specifying, steps for the purposes of paragraph (e), or

(ii)specifying information that a person making payments of apprenticeship levy must provide about the method by which the payments are made.

(2)Directions made under the regulations may make different provision for different cases or different classes of case.

(3)In this section—

  • “client”, in relation to a relevant service provider, means a person to whom that relevant service provider provides or is to provide a service with respect to a payment of apprenticeship levy;

  • “payment of apprenticeship levy” includes a payment on account of apprenticeship levy;

  • “relevant service provider” means a person who provides or is to provide with respect to payments of apprenticeship levy a service that is specified, or of a description specified, by the regulations.

108Time limits for assessment

(1)The general rule is that no assessment under regulations under section 105 may be made more than 4 years after the end of the tax year to which it relates.

(2)An assessment on a person in a case of loss of apprenticeship levy brought about carelessly by the person may be made at any time not more than 6 years after the end of the tax year to which it relates.

(3)An assessment on a person in a case falling within subsection (4) may be made at any time not more than 20 years after the end of the tax year to which it relates.

(4)A case falls within this subsection if it involves a loss of apprenticeship levy—

(a)brought about deliberately by the person,

(b)attributable to arrangements in respect of which the person has failed to comply with an obligation under section 309, 310 or 313 of FA 2004 (obligation of parties to tax avoidance schemes to provide information to HMRC), or

(c)attributable to arrangements which were expected to give rise to a tax advantage in respect of which the person was under an obligation to notify the Commissioners under section 253 of FA 2014 (duty to notify Commissioners of promoter reference number) but failed to do so.

(5)An assessment made by virtue of section 105(6) (amounts of levy repaid which ought not to have been repaid etc) is not out of time as a result of subsection (1) if it is made before the end of the tax year following that in which the amount assessed was repaid or paid (as the case may be).

(6)Subsections (2), (3) and (5) do not limit one another’s application.

(7)An objection to the making of an assessment on the ground that the time limit for making it has expired may only be made on an appeal against the assessment.

(8)In subsections (2) and (4) references to a loss brought about by a person include a loss brought about by another person acting on behalf of that person.

109No deduction in respect of levy to be made from earnings

(1)A person (“P”) must not—

(a)make from any payment of earnings any deduction in respect of apprenticeship levy for which P (or any other person) is liable,

(b)otherwise recover the cost, or any part of the cost, of P’s (or any other person’s) liability to apprenticeship levy from any person who is or has been a relevant earner, or

(c)enter into any agreement with any person to do anything prohibited by paragraph (a) or (b).

(2)In this section “relevant earner” means an earner in respect of whom P is or has been liable to pay any secondary Class 1 contributions under Part 1 of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

110Collectors and court proceedings

(1)The following provisions of Part 6 of TMA 1970 apply in relation to apprenticeship levy as they apply in relation to income tax—

(a)section 60 (issue of demand notes and receipts);

(b)section 61 (distraint by collectors: Northern Ireland);

(c)sections 65 to 68 (court proceedings).

(2)See also Chapter 5 of Part 7 of FA 2008 (which makes general provision about payment and enforcement).

Information and penalties

111Records

(1)The Commissioners may by regulations require persons—

(a)to keep for purposes connected with apprenticeship levy records of specified matters, and

(b)to preserve the records for a specified period.

(2)A duty under regulations under this section to preserve records may be discharged—

(a)by preserving them in any form and by any means, or

(b)by preserving the information contained in them in any form and by any means, subject to any conditions or exceptions specified in writing by the Commissioners.

(3)In this section “specified” means specified or described in the regulations.

112Information and inspection powers

In Schedule 36 to FA 2008 (information and inspection powers), in paragraph 63(1), after paragraph (ca) insert—

(cb)apprenticeship levy,.

113Penalties

(1)Schedule 24 to FA 2007 (penalties for errors) is amended in accordance with subsections (2) to (4).

(2)In the Table in paragraph 1, after the entry relating to accounts in connection with a partnership return insert—

Apprenticeship levyReturn under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016.

(3)In paragraph 13—

(a)in sub-paragraph (1ZA), after “CIS returns,” insert “or for two or more penalties relating to apprenticeship levy returns,”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (1ZD), after the entry relating to “a CIS return” insert—

  • “an apprenticeship levy return” means a return under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016;.

(4)In paragraph 21C, after “capital gains tax)” insert “and amounts payable on account of apprenticeship levy”.

(5)Schedule 55 to FA 2009 (penalty for failure to make returns etc) is amended in accordance with subsections (6) to (8).

(6)In the Table in paragraph 1, after item 4 insert—

4AApprenticeship levyReturn under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016

(7)In paragraph 6B, after “item 4” insert “or 4A”.

(8)In the italic heading before paragraph 6B, at the end insert “and apprenticeship levy”.

(9)Schedule 56 to FA 2009 (penalty for failure to make payments on time) is amended in accordance with subsections (10) to (15).

(10)In the Table in paragraph 1, after item 4 insert—

4AApprenticeship levyAmount payable under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016The date determined by or under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016

(11)In paragraph 3(1)—

(a)in paragraph (b) after “within” insert “item 4A or”;

(b)after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca)an amount in respect of apprenticeship levy falling within item 4A which is payable by virtue of regulations under section 106 of FA 2016 (recovery from third parties).

(12)In paragraph 5(1), for “or 4” substitute “, 4 or 4A”.

(13)In paragraph 5(2), for “or (c)” substitute “, (c) or (ca).”

(14)In paragraph 6(2), after paragraph (b) insert—

(ba)a payment under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016 of an amount in respect of apprenticeship levy payable in relation to the tax year;.

(15)In the italic heading before paragraph 5, at the end insert “etc.”.

(16)The amendments made by subsections (1) to (4) of this section come into force in accordance with provision made by the Treasury by regulations.

(17)In subsections (2) and (4) of section 106 of FA 2009 (penalties for failure to make returns: commencement etc) references to Schedule 55 to that Act have effect as references to that Schedule as amended by subsections (5) to (8) of this section.

(18)Schedule 56 to FA 2009, as amended by this section, is taken to come into force for the purposes of apprenticeship levy on the date on which this Act is passed.

Appeals

114Appeals

(1)An appeal may be brought against an assessment of apprenticeship levy or other amounts under regulations under section 105.

(2)Notice of appeal must be given—

(a)in writing,

(b)within the period of 30 days beginning with the date on which notice of the assessment was given,

(c)to the officer of Revenue and Customs by whom notice of the assessment was given.

(3)Part 5 of TMA 1970 (appeals and other proceedings) applies in relation to an appeal under this section as it applies in relation to an appeal against an assessment to income tax.

General

115Tax agents: dishonest conduct

In Schedule 38 to FA 2012 (tax agents: dishonest conduct), in paragraph 37(1), after paragraph (l) insert—

(la)apprenticeship levy,.

116Provisional collection of apprenticeship levy

In section 1 of the Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1968 (temporary statutory effect of House of Commons resolutions), in subsection (1), after “diverted profits tax,” insert “the apprenticeship levy,”.

117Crown application

This Part binds the Crown.

118Charities which are “connected” with one another

(1)Two charities are connected with one another for the purposes of section 102(1) if—

(a)they are connected with one another in accordance with section 993 of ITA 2007 (meaning of “connected persons”), and

(b)their purposes and activities are the same or substantially similar.

(2)In the application of section 993 of ITA 2007 for the purposes of subsection (1)(a)—

(a)a charity which is a trust is to be treated as if it were a company (and accordingly a person), including in this subsection;

(b)a charity which is a trust has “control” of another person if the trustees (in their capacity as trustees of the charity) have, or any of them has, control of the person;

(c)a person (other than a charity regulator) has “control” of a charity which is a trust if—

(i)the person is a trustee of the charity and some or all of the powers of the trustees of the charity could be exercised by the person acting alone or by the person acting together with any other persons who are trustees of the charity and who are connected with the person,

(ii)the person, alone or together with other persons, has power to appoint or remove a trustee of the charity, or

(iii)the person, alone or together with other persons, has any power of approval or direction in relation to the carrying out by the trustees of any of their functions.

(3)For the purposes of section 102(1) a charity which is a trust is also connected with another charity which is a trust if at least half of the trustees of one of the charities are—

(a)trustees of the other charity,

(b)persons who are connected with persons who are trustees of the other charity, or

(c)a combination of both,

and the charities’ purposes and activities are the same or substantially similar.

(4)In determining if a person is connected with another person for the purposes of subsection (2)(c)(i) or (3)(b), apply section 993 of ITA 2007 with the omission of subsection (3) of that section (and without the modifications in subsection (2) above).

(5)If a charity (“A”) controls a company (“B”) which, apart from this subsection, would not be a charity—

(a)B is to be treated as if it were a charity for the purposes of this Part, and

(b)A and B are connected with one another for the purposes of section 102(1).

(6)In subsection (5) “control” has the same meaning as in Part 10 of CTA 2010 (see sections 450 and 451 of that Act) (and a limited liability partnership is to be treated as a company for the purposes of that Part as applied by this subsection).

(7)For this purpose, where under section 450 of that Act “C” is a limited liability partnership, subsection (3) of that section has effect as if before (a) there were inserted—

(za)rights to a share of more than half the assets, or of more than half the income, of C,.

119Connection between charities: further provision

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a charity (“A”) is connected with another charity (“B”) for the purposes of section 102(1), and

(b)B is connected with another charity (“C”) for the purposes of section 102(1).

(2)A and C are also connected with one another for the purposes of section 102(1) (if that would not otherwise be the case).

(3)In subsection (1)—

(a)in paragraph (a) the reference to a charity being connected with another charity for the purposes of section 102(1) is to that charity being so connected by virtue of section 118 or this section, and

(b)in paragraph (b) the reference to a charity being connected with another charity for the purposes of section 102(1) is to that charity being so connected by virtue of section 118.

120General interpretation

(1)In this Part (except where the contrary is indicated, expressly or by implication), expressions which are also used in Part 1 of the Contributions and Benefits Act have the same meaning as in that Part.

(2)In this Part—

  • “charity” has the meaning given by section 102(17) and (18);

  • “the Commissioners” means the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs;

  • “company” has the meaning given by section 101(18);

  • “the Contributions and Benefits Act” means the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 or (as the case requires) the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992;

  • “HMRC” means Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs;

  • “tax year” means the 12 months beginning with 6 April in 2017 or any subsequent year;

  • “tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or, where determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules, the Upper Tribunal.

121Regulations

(1)Regulations under this Part—

(a)may make different provision for different purposes;

(b)may include incidental, consequential, supplementary or transitional provision.

(2)Regulations under this Part are to be made by statutory instrument.

(3)A statutory instrument containing regulations under this Part is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.

(4)Subsection (3) does not apply to a statutory instrument containing only regulations under section 113(16).

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules as a PDF

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources