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Corporation Tax Act 2009

Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 13 Chapter 9 Crossheading Qualifying-expenditure-on-externally-provided-workers:

  • S 1217N(3) modified by 2010 c. 4 s. 357UI (as inserted) by 2015 c. 21 s. 1

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workersU.K.

1127“Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers”U.K.

(1)For the purposes of this Part a company incurs expenditure on externally provided workers if—

(a)it makes a payment (a “staff provision payment”) to another person (the “staff provider”), and

(b)the payment is in respect of the supply to the company, by or through the staff provider, of the services of any externally provided workers.

(2)The company's qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers is determined in accordance with section 1129 or 1131.

(3)In sections 1128 to 1131 references to “staff provider” and “staff provision payment” are to be read in accordance with subsection (1).

1128“Externally provided worker”U.K.

(1)For the purposes of this Part a person is an “externally provided worker” in relation to a company if each of conditions A to G is met.

(2)Condition A is that the worker is an individual.

(3)Condition B is that the worker is not a director or employee of the company.

(4)Condition C is that the worker personally provides, or is under an obligation personally to provide, services to the company.

(5)Condition D is that the worker is subject to (or to the right of) supervision, direction or control by the company as to the manner in which those services are provided.

(6)Condition E is that the worker's services are supplied to the company through a staff provider (whether or not the worker is a director or employee of the staff provider or any other person).

(7)Condition F is that the worker provides, or is under an obligation to provide, those services personally to the company under the terms of a contract between the worker and [F1a person other than the company (the “staff controller”)].

(8)Condition G is that the provision of those services does not constitute the carrying on of activities contracted out by the company.

[F2(9)In sections 1129 to 1131 references to “staff controller” are to be read in accordance with subsection (7).]

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 1128(7) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 34(2)

F2S. 1128(9) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 34(3)

1129Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers: connected personsU.K.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a company makes a staff provision payment,

[F3(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are all connected, and

(c)in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice—

(i)the whole of the staff provision payment has been brought into account in determining the staff provider's profit or loss for a relevant period, and

(ii)all of the relevant expenditure of each staff controller has been brought into account in determining the staff controller's profit or loss for a relevant period.]

(2)The company's qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers is—

(a)the entire staff provision payment, or

(b)if less, an amount equal to [F4the aggregate of the relevant expenditure of each staff controller].

(3)Relevant expenditure[F5, in relation to a staff controller,] means expenditure that—

(a)is incurred by the [F6staff controller] in providing for the company the externally provided workers to whom the staff provision payment relates,

(b)is not of a capital nature, and

(c)is incurred on staffing costs or agency workers' remuneration.

(4)Relevant period[F7, in relation to a person,] means a period—

(a)for which accounts are drawn up for the [F8person], and

(b)that ends not more than 12 months after the end of the company's period of account in which the staff provision payment is, in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice, brought into account in determining the company's profit or loss.

(5)In section 1123 (meaning of “staffing costs”), which applies for the purpose of determining whether [F9the expenditure of a staff controller] meets the requirements of subsection (3)(c), references to a company are to be read as references to [F10a staff controller].

(6)“Agency workers' remuneration”, in the case of any person who is an externally provided worker in relation to the company, means remuneration that—

(a)is receivable by the worker under or in consequence of the contract mentioned in section 1128(7), but

(b)does not constitute employment income of the worker apart from Chapter 7 of Part 2 of ITEPA 2003 (application of provisions to agency workers).

(7)Any apportionment of expenditure of the company or [F11a staff controller] necessary for the purposes of this section is to be made on a just and reasonable basis.

Textual Amendments

F3S. 1129(1)(b)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(2)

F4Words in s. 1129(2)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(3)

F5Words in s. 1129(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(4)(a)

F6Words in s. 1129(3)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(4)(b)

F7Words in s. 1129(4) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(5)(a)

F8Words in s. 1129(4)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(5)(b)

F9Words in s. 1129(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(6)(a)

F10Words in s. 1129(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(6)(b)

F11Words in s. 1129(7) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 35(7)

1130Election for connected persons treatmentU.K.

[F12(1)If—

(a)a company makes a staff provision payment, and

(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are not all connected,

they may jointly elect that section 1129 is to apply to them as if they were all connected.]

(2)Any such election [F13has effect] in relation to all staff provision payments paid under the same contract or other arrangement.

(3)The election must be made by notice in writing to an officer of Revenue and Customs.

(4)The notice must be given before the end of the period of two years beginning immediately after the end of the company's accounting period in which the contract or other arrangement is entered into.

(5)An election under this section is irrevocable.

Textual Amendments

F12S. 1130(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 36(2)

F13Words in s. 1130(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 36(3)

1131Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers: other casesU.K.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a company makes a staff provision payment,

[F14(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are not all connected,] and

(c)no election is made under section 1130.

(2)The company's qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers is 65% of the staff provision payment.

Textual Amendments

F14S. 1131(1)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 3 para. 38 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 3 para. 37

1132External workers: attributable expenditureU.K.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of this Part to identify when qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers is attributable to relevant research and development.

(2)Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers is so attributable if the workers are directly and actively engaged in relevant research and development.

(3)Subsection (4) applies if an externally provided worker is partly engaged directly and actively in relevant research and development.

(4)The appropriate proportion of the qualifying expenditure relating to the worker is treated as attributable to relevant research and development.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if persons provide services (such as secretarial or administrative services) in support of activities carried on by others.

(6)Those persons are not, as a result of providing those services, to be treated as themselves directly and actively engaged in those activities.

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