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Finance Act 2008

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 122

SCHEDULE 40Penalties: amendments of Schedule 24 to FA 2007

1Schedule 24 to FA 2007 (penalties for errors) is amended as follows.

2(1)Paragraph 1 (error in taxpayer’s document) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)for “P's” substitute “a”, and

(b)omit “by P”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (3), for “careless or deliberate (within the meaning of paragraph 3)” substitute “careless (within the meaning of paragraph 3) or deliberate on P’s part”.

(4)In the Table, after the entry relating to income tax and capital gains tax: accounts in connection with a partnership return insert—

Income taxReturn under section 254 of FA 2004.

(5)In the Table, after the entries relating to VAT insert—

Insurance premium taxReturn under regulations under section 54 of FA 1994.
Insurance premium taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim.
Inheritance taxAccount under section 216 or 217 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxInformation or document under regulations under section 256 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxStatement or declaration in connection with a deduction, exemption or relief.
Stamp duty land taxReturn under section 76 of FA 2003.
Stamp duty reserve taxReturn under regulations under section 98 of FA 1986.
Petroleum revenue taxReturn under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
Petroleum revenue taxStatement or declaration in connection with a claim under Schedule 5, 6, 7 or 8 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
Petroleum revenue taxStatement under section 1(1)(a) of the Petroleum Revenue Tax Act 1980.
Aggregates levyReturn under regulations under section 25 of FA 2001.
Climate change levyReturn under regulations under paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000.
Landfill taxReturn under regulations under section 49 of FA 1996.
Air passenger dutyReturn under section 38 of FA 1994.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesReturn under regulations under section 13, 49, 56 or 62 of the Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim for repayment of duty under section 4(4) of FA 1995.
Tobacco products dutyReturn under regulations under section 7 of the Tobacco Products Duties Act 1979.
Hydrocarbon oil dutiesReturn under regulations under section 21 of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 93 of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 100G or 100H of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim.
General betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2 of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Pool betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2A of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Bingo dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3 to BGDA 1981.
Lottery dutyReturn under regulations under section 28(2) of FA 1993.
Gaming dutyReturn under directions under paragraph 10 of Schedule 1 to FA 1997.
Remote gaming dutyReturn under regulations under section 26K of BGDA 1981.

(6)In the Table, in the last entry, in column 1, for “Income tax, capital gains tax, corporation tax or VAT” substitute “Any of the taxes mentioned above”.

(7)Insert at the end—

(5)In relation to a return under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975, references in this Schedule to P include any person who, after the giving of the return for a taxable field (within the meaning of that Act), becomes the responsible person for the field (within the meaning of that Act).

3After that paragraph insert—

Error in taxpayer’s document attributable to another person

1A(1)A penalty is payable by a person (T) where—

(a)another person (P) gives HMRC a document of a kind listed in the Table in paragraph 1,

(b)the document contains a relevant inaccuracy, and

(c)the inaccuracy was attributable to T deliberately supplying false information to P (whether directly or indirectly), or to T deliberately withholding information from P, with the intention of the document containing the inaccuracy.

(2)A “relevant inaccuracy” is an inaccuracy which amounts to, or leads to—

(a)an understatement of a liability to tax,

(b)a false or inflated statement of a loss, or

(c)a false or inflated claim to repayment of tax.

(3)A penalty is payable under this paragraph in respect of an inaccuracy whether or not P is liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 in respect of the same inaccuracy.

4(1)Paragraph 2 (under-assessment by HMRC) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), for “tax” substitute “a relevant tax”.

(3)For sub-paragraph (3) substitute—

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “relevant tax” means any tax mentioned in the Table in paragraph 1.

5(1)Paragraph 3 (degrees of culpability) is amended as follows

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)for “Inaccuracy in” substitute “For the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1, inaccuracy in”, and

(b)after “is deliberate” (in both places) insert “on P’s part”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2), after “deliberate” insert “on P’s part”.

6In paragraph 4 (standard amount), after sub-paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)The penalty payable under paragraph 1A is 100% of the potential lost revenue.

7In paragraph 5(1) (potential lost revenue: normal rule), after “document” insert “(including an inaccuracy attributable to a supply of false information or withholding of information)”.

8(1)Paragraph 6 (potential lost revenue: multiple errors) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), after “penalty” insert “under paragraph 1”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (5), after “calculating” insert “for the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1”.

9(1)Paragraph 9 (reductions for disclosure) is amended as follows.

(2)Before sub-paragraph (1) insert—

(A1)Paragraph 10 provides for reductions in penalties under paragraphs 1, 1A and 2 where a person discloses an inaccuracy, a supply of false information or withholding of information, or a failure to disclose an under-assessment.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)after “an inaccuracy” insert “, a supply of false information or withholding of information,”, and

(b)in paragraphs (b) and (c), for “or” substitute “, the inaccuracy attributable to the supply or false information or withholding of information, or the”.

(4)In sub-paragraph (2)(a), for “or under-assessment” substitute “, the supply of false information or withholding of information, or the under-assessment”.

10In paragraph 11(1) (special reduction), after “1” insert “, 1A”.

11(1)Paragraph 12 (interaction with other penalties) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (2), for the words after “other penalty” substitute “incurred by P, or any surcharge for late payment of tax imposed on P, if the amount of the penalty or surcharge is determined by reference to the same tax liability.”

(3)After sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(4)Where penalties are imposed under paragraphs 1 and 1A in respect of the same inaccuracy, the aggregate of the amounts of the penalties must not exceed 100% of the potential lost revenue.

(4)In the heading before paragraph 12, insert at the end “and late payment surcharges”.

12(1)Paragraph 13 (assessment) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)for “Where P” substitute “Where a person”,

(b)after “1” insert “, 1A”, and

(c)for “notify P” substitute “notify the person”.

(3)After that sub-paragraph insert—

(1A)A penalty under paragraph 1, 1A or 2 must be paid before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which notification of the penalty is issued.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3)—

(a)after “1” insert “or 1A”,

(b)for “within the” substitute “before the end of the”, and

(c)after “no assessment” insert “to the tax concerned”.

(5)In sub-paragraph (4), for the words after “made” substitute before the end of the period of 12 months beginning with—

(a)the end of the appeal period for the assessment of tax which corrected the understatement, or

(b)if there is no assessment within paragraph (a), the date on which the understatement is corrected.

13In paragraph 15 (right of appeal)—

(a)for “P may” (in each place) substitute “A person may”, and

(b)for “by P” (in each place) substitute “by the person”.

14For paragraph 16 substitute—

16(1)An appeal is to be brought to the First-tier Tribunal.

(2)An appeal shall be treated for procedural purposes in the same way as an appeal against an assessment to the tax concerned (except in respect of a matter expressly provided for by this Act).

15In paragraph 18(3) (agency), after “penalty” insert “under paragraph 1 or 2”.

16(1)Paragraph 19 (companies: officers' liability) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), for the words from “of the company” to “as they” substitute “of the company, the officer is liable to pay such portion of the penalty (which may be 100%) as HMRC”.

(3)For sub-paragraph (5) substitute—

(5)Where HMRC have specified a portion of a penalty in a notice given to an officer under sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)paragraph 11 applies to the specified portion as to a penalty,

(b)the officer must pay the specified portion before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which the notice is given,

(c)paragraph 13(2), (3) and (5) apply as if the notice were an assessment of a penalty,

(d)a further notice may be given in respect of a portion of any additional amount assessed in a supplementary assessment in respect of the penalty under paragraph 13(6),

(e)paragraphs 15(1) and (2), 16 and 17(1) to (3) and (6) apply as if HMRC had decided that a penalty of the amount of the specified portion is payable by the officer, and

(f)paragraph 21 applies as if the officer were liable to a penalty.

17In paragraph 21 (double jeopardy)—

(a)for “P is” substitute “A person is”,

(b)after “1” insert “, 1A”, and

(c)for “P has” substitute “the person has”.

18In paragraph 22 (interpretation: introduction), for “26” substitute “27”.

19After paragraph 23 insert—

23A“Tax”, without more, includes duty.

20(1)Paragraph 28 (interpretation) is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph (c) (meaning of “direct tax”), omit “and” after paragraph (ii) and after paragraph (iii) insert and

(iv)petroleum revenue tax,.

(3)After paragraph (d) insert—

(da)references to an assessment to tax, in relation to inheritance tax, means a determination,.

(4)In paragraph (f), insert at the end “against tax or to a payment of a corporation tax credit”.

(5)After that paragraph insert—

(fa)“corporation tax credit” means—

(i)an R&D tax credit under Schedule 20 to FA 2000,

(ii)a land remediation tax credit or life assurance company tax credit under Schedule 22 to FA 2001,

(iii)a tax credit under Schedule 13 to FA 2002 (vaccine research etc),

(iv)a film tax credit under Schedule 5 to FA 2006, or

(v)a first-year tax credit under Schedule A1 to CAA 2001,.

21In consequence of this Schedule the following provisions are omitted—

(a)paragraphs 8 and 9 of Schedule 2 to OTA 1975,

(b)in section 1(3B) of the Petroleum Revenue Tax Act 1980, “, 8 and 9”,

(c)in IHTA 1984—

(i)section 247(1) and (2),

(ii)in section 248, in subsection (1), “account,” and “delivered,” (in both places) and, in subsection (2), “under section 247 above”, and

(iii)section 250(2),

(d)in FA 1994—

(i)section 8, and

(ii)paragraphs 12 and 13 of Schedule 7,

(e)paragraphs 18 to 20 of Schedule 5 to FA 1996,

(f)paragraphs 83ZA(4) and (5), 83F, 83L, 83R and 83X of Schedule 18 to FA 1998,

(g)section 108(2)(a) of FA 1999,

(h)paragraphs 98 to 100 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000,

(i)in Schedule 6 to FA 2001, paragraphs 7 to 9, and in paragraph 9A(5), paragraph (b) and the “or” before it,

(j)section 133(2) to (4) of FA 2002,

(k)in FA 2003—

(i)section 192(8), and

(ii)paragraph 8 of Schedule 10 to FA 2003, and

(l)section 295(4)(a) of FA 2004.

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