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Welfare Reform Act 2007

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Changes and effects

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Commencement Orders

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

MiscellaneousE+W+S+N.I.

17Income and capital: generalE+W+S

(1)In relation to a claim for an employment and support allowance, the income and capital of a person shall be calculated or estimated in such manner as may be prescribed.

(2)A person's income in respect of a week shall be calculated in accordance with prescribed rules, which may provide for the calculation to be made by reference to an average over a period (which need not include the week concerned).

(3)Circumstances may be prescribed in which—

(a)a person is to be treated as possessing capital or income which he does not possess;

(b)capital or income which a person does possess is to be disregarded;

(c)income is to be treated as capital;

(d)capital is to be treated as income.

(4)Regulations may provide that a person's capital shall be deemed for the purposes of this Part to yield him an income at a prescribed rate.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I1S. 17 in force at 18.3.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(1)

I2S. 17 in force at 27.10.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

18DisqualificationE+W+S

(1)Regulations may provide for a person to be disqualified for receiving an employment and support allowance, or treated for such purposes as the regulations may provide as not having limited capability for work, if—

(a)he has become someone who has limited capability for work through his own misconduct,

(b)he remains someone who has limited capability for work through his failure without good cause to follow medical advice, or

(c)he fails without good cause to observe any prescribed rules of behaviour.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) shall provide for any such disqualification, or treatment, to be for such period not exceeding 6 weeks as may be determined in accordance with Chapter 2 of Part 1 of the Social Security Act 1998 (c. 14).

(3)Regulations may prescribe for the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)matters which are, or are not, to be taken into account in determining whether a person has good cause for any act or omission;

(b)circumstances in which a person is, or is not, to be regarded as having good cause for any act or omission.

(4)Except where regulations otherwise provide, a person shall be disqualified for receiving a contributory allowance for any period during which he is—

(a)absent from Great Britain, or

(b)undergoing imprisonment or detention in legal custody.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I3S. 18(1)(2)(4) in force at 18.3.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(1)

I4S. 18(1)(2)(4) in force at 27.10.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

I5S. 18(3) in force at 27.10.2008 by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

19Pilot schemesE+W+S

(1)Any regulations to which this subsection applies may be made so as to have effect for a specified period not exceeding 24 months.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), subsection (1) applies to—

(a)regulations which are made under any provision of this Part, other than sections 3, 8 and 9;

(b)regulations which are made under the Administration Act, so far as they relate to an employment and support allowance.

(3)Subsection (1) only applies to regulations if they are made with a view to ascertaining whether their provisions will or will be likely to—

(a)encourage persons to obtain or remain in work, or

(b)make it more likely that persons will obtain or remain in work or be able to do so.

(4)Regulations which, by virtue of subsection (1), are to have effect for a limited period are referred to in this section as a “pilot scheme”.

(5)A pilot scheme may provide that its provisions are to apply only in relation to—

(a)one or more specified areas;

(b)one or more specified classes of person;

(c)persons selected—

(i)by reference to prescribed criteria, or

(ii)on a sampling basis.

(6)A pilot scheme may make consequential or transitional provision with respect to the cessation of the scheme on the expiry of the specified period.

(7)A pilot scheme may be replaced by a further pilot scheme making the same or similar provision.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I6S. 19 in force at 27.10.2008 by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

20Relationship with statutory paymentsE+W+S

(1)A person is not entitled to an employment and support allowance in respect of a day if, for the purposes of statutory sick pay, that day—

(a)is a day of incapacity for work in relation to a contract of service, and

(b)falls within a period of entitlement (whether or not it is a qualifying day).

(2)Except as regulations may provide, a woman who is entitled to statutory maternity pay is not entitled to a contributory allowance in respect of a day that falls within the maternity pay period.

(3)Regulations may provide that—

(a)an amount equal to a woman's statutory maternity pay for a period shall be deducted from a contributory allowance in respect of the same period,

(b)a woman shall only be entitled to a contributory allowance if there is a balance after the deduction, and

(c)if there is such a balance, a woman shall be entitled to a contributory allowance at a weekly rate equal to it.

(4)Except as regulations may provide, a person who is entitled to statutory adoption pay is not entitled to a contributory allowance in respect of a day that falls within the adoption pay period.

(5)Regulations may provide that—

(a)an amount equal to a person's statutory adoption pay for a period shall be deducted from a contributory allowance in respect of the same period,

(b)a person shall only be entitled to a contributory allowance if there is a balance after the deduction, and

(c)if there is such a balance, a person shall be entitled to a contributory allowance at a weekly rate equal to it.

(6)Except as regulations may provide, a person who is entitled to additional statutory paternity pay is not entitled to a contributory allowance in respect of a day that falls within the additional paternity pay period.

(7)Regulations may provide that—

(a)an amount equal to a person's additional statutory paternity pay for a period shall be deducted from a contributory allowance in respect of the same period,

(b)a person shall only be entitled to a contributory allowance if there is a balance after the deduction, and

(c)if there is such a balance, a person shall be entitled to a contributory allowance at a weekly rate equal to it.

(8)In this section—

  • the additional paternity pay period” has the meaning given in section 171ZEE(2) of the Contributions and Benefits Act;

  • the adoption pay period” has the meaning given in section 171ZN(2) of that Act;

  • the maternity pay period” has the meaning given in section 165(1) of that Act.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I7S. 20(1)(8) in force at 27.10.2008 by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

I8S. 20(2)-(7) in force at 18.3.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(1)

I9S. 20(2)-(7) in force at 27.10.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

21Deemed entitlement for other purposesE+W+S

Regulations may provide for a person who would be entitled to an employment and support allowance but for the operation of any provision of, or made under, this Part, the Administration Act or Chapter 2 of Part 1 of the Social Security Act 1998 (c. 14) (social security decisions and appeals) to be treated as if entitled to the allowance for the purposes of any rights or obligations (whether his own or another's) which depend on his entitlement, other than the right to payment of it.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I10S. 21 in force at 27.10.2008 by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

22Supplementary provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 2 (which contains further provisions in relation to an employment and support allowance) has effect.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I11S. 22 in force at 18.3.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(1)

I12S. 22 in force at 27.10.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

23Recovery of sums in respect of maintenanceE+W+S

(1)Regulations may make provision for the court to have power to make a recovery order against any person where an award of income-related allowance has been made to that person's spouse or civil partner.

(2)The reference in subsection (1) to a recovery order is to an order requiring the person against whom it is made to make payments to the Secretary of State or to such other person or persons as the court may determine.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may include—

(a)provision as to the matters to which the court is, or is not, to have regard in determining any application under the regulations;

(b)provision as to the enforcement of orders under the regulations;

(c)provision for the transfer by the Secretary of State of the right to receive payments under, and to exercise rights in relation to, orders under the regulations.

(4)In this section, “the court” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, a magistrates' court;

(b)in relation to Scotland, the sheriff.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 1 modified by 1995 c. 18, Sch. 1 para. 2(2) (as inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c. 5), s. 70(2), Sch. 3 para. 12(6); S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(f))

Commencement Information

I13S. 23(1)(3) in force at 18.3.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(1)

I14S. 23(1)(3) in force at 27.10.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

I15S. 23(2)(4) in force at 27.10.2008 by S.I. 2008/787, art. 2(4)(a)

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