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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Part 6E+W+S+N.I.Venture capital trusts

Chapter 1E+W+S+N.I.Introduction

258Overview of PartE+W+S+N.I.

In this Part—

(a)Chapter 2 provides for VCT income tax relief (“VCT relief”), that is, entitlement to tax reductions in respect of amounts subscribed by individuals for shares issued to them by venture capital trusts,

(b)Chapter 3 provides for VCT approvals,

(c)Chapter 4 makes provision as to the meaning of “qualifying holding” for the purposes of Chapter 3,

(d)Chapter 5 confers power for regulations to make provision in relation to the winding up and merger of venture capital trusts, and

(e)Chapter 6 makes supplementary and general provision.

259Venture capital trusts and VCT approvalsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Part “venture capital trust” means a company which—

(a)is not a close company, and

(b)is for the time being approved for the purposes of this Part by the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (see Chapter 3),

and “VCT” means a venture capital trust.

(2)In this Part “VCT approval” means an approval of a company for the purposes of this Part.

260Other tax reliefs relating to VCTsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter 5 of Part 6 of ITTOIA 2005 (venture capital trust dividends) provides that, if conditions are met, no liability to income tax arises in respect of dividends paid in respect of shares in a VCT.

(2)Section 100 of TCGA 1992 (exemption for venture capital trusts etc) provides that gains accruing to a VCT are not to be chargeable gains.

(3)Section 151A of TCGA 1992 (venture capital trusts: reliefs) provides that a gain or loss accruing to an individual on a qualifying disposal of any ordinary shares in a company which—

(a)was a VCT at the time when the individual acquired the shares, and

(b)is still a VCT at the time of the disposal,

is not to be a chargeable gain or, as the case may be, an allowable loss.

(4)Schedule 5C to TCGA 1992 (venture capital trusts: deferred charge on re-investment, but only in relation to shares issued before 6 April 2004) provides that, if conditions are met, an individual's unused qualifying expenditure on shares in a VCT may be set against what would otherwise be chargeable gains.

Chapter 2E+W+S+N.I.VCT relief

Entitlement to reliefE+W+S+N.I.

261Eligibility for reliefE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An individual (“A”) is eligible for VCT relief for a tax year if—

(a)a VCT issues eligible shares to A in that year,

(b)the VCT issues the shares for raising money, and

(c)A subscribes for the shares on A's own behalf.

(2)The amount in respect of which A is eligible for VCT relief for the tax year by reference to any shares is the amount subscribed by A for the shares.

(3)A is eligible for VCT relief by reference to any shares only if—

(a)the shares are both subscribed for and issued—

(i)for genuine commercial reasons, and

(ii)not as part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax, and

(b)A is at least 18 years old when the shares are issued.

(4)A is not eligible for VCT relief by reference to any shares if they are treated as issued to A by virtue of section 195(8) of FA 2003 (tax treatment of disposal by company of its own shares).

See section 271(4) for provision requiring the giving of notices about the effect of this subsection.

262Entitlement to claim reliefE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An individual (“A”) who is eligible for VCT relief by reference to shares issued in a tax year is entitled to claim VCT relief for that year.

(2)A is entitled to claim VCT relief in respect of the amount on which A is eligible for VCT relief by reference to all or some of the shares.

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3)A is not entitled to claim VCT relief for any tax year on an amount of more than £200,000.

263Form and amount of reliefE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An individual who—

(a)is entitled to claim VCT relief for a tax year, and

(b)claims such relief for the year on any amount,

is entitled to a tax reduction for the year.

(2)The tax reduction is equal to 30% of the amount in respect of which the claim is made.

(3)The tax reduction is given effect at Step 6 of the calculation in section 23.

264No entitlement to relief if there is a linked loanE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An individual is not entitled to VCT relief by reference to any shares (“the relevant shares”) if a linked loan is made by any person, at any time in the relevant period, to the individual or an associate of the individual.

(2)References in this section to the making by any person of a loan to an individual or any associate of the individual include references—

(a)to the giving by that person of any credit to the individual or any associate of the individual, and

(b)to the assignment to that person of any debt due from the individual or any associate of the individual.

(3)In this section—

  • linked loan” means a loan which—

    (a)

    would not have been made, or

    (b)

    would not have been made on the same terms,

    if the individual had not subscribed for the relevant shares or had not been proposing to do so,

  • the relevant period”, in relation to VCT relief in respect of any shares in a company which is a VCT, means the period—

    (a)

    beginning with—

    (i)

    the incorporation of the company, or

    (ii)

    if later, the date two years before the issue of the shares, and

    (b)

    ending immediately before the fifth anniversary of that issue.

[F1264ARestricting relief where there is a linked saleE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an individual subscribes for shares (“the relevant shares”) in a VCT (“the VCT”), and

(b)there is at least one linked sale of other shares by the individual.

(2)For the purposes of this Part, the amount the individual subscribes for the shares is to be treated as reduced (but not below nil) by the total consideration given for the linked sales of other shares.

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3)If a sale is linked in relation to more than one subscription for shares—

(a)the consideration for it is to be applied to reduce subscriptions under subsection (2) in the order in which the subscriptions are made, and

(b)accordingly, to the extent that any consideration has been used to reduce an earlier subscription, it is not available to reduce a later one.

(4)A sale of shares (“the sold shares”) is “linked” if conditions A and B are met.

(5)Condition A is that the sold shares are in—

(a)the VCT, or

(b)a company which is (or later becomes) a successor or predecessor of the VCT.

(6)Condition B is that—

(a)the individual subscribes for the relevant shares in circumstances where—

(i)the purchase of the sold shares from the individual was conditional upon the individual subscribing for shares in the VCT, or

(ii)the individual's subscription for shares in the VCT was conditional upon that purchase, or

(b)the subscription for the relevant shares and the sale of the sold shares are within 6 months of each other (irrespective of which came first).

(7)A company (“company X”) is a “successor or predecessor of the VCT” if—

(a)there is a merger of two or more companies for the purposes of Chapter 5 (see section 323) and—

(i)the VCT is one of the merged companies and company X is “the successor company” (as defined by that section), or

(ii)the VCT is “the successor company” and company X is one of the merged companies, or

(b)section 327 (effect of restructuring of VCT) applies and—

(i)the VCT is “the old company” and company X is “the new company” for the purposes of that section, or

(ii)company X is “the old company” and the VCT is “the new company” for those purposes.

(8)This section does not apply if, or to the extent that, the subscription for the relevant shares is a result of the individual electing to reinvest dividends payable to the individual on shares in the VCT, in acquiring further shares in the VCT.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 264A inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 2(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 2(1)

265No entitlement to relief which would have been lost if it had already been obtainedE+W+S+N.I.

An individual is not entitled to VCT relief by reference to any shares if circumstances have arisen which would have resulted in the withdrawal or reduction of the relief, if that relief had already been obtained.

Loss of reliefE+W+S+N.I.

266Loss of relief if shares disposed of within 5 yearsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies, subject to section 267 (spouses or civil partners), if an individual—

(a)obtains VCT relief in respect of eligible shares in a VCT, and

(b)makes a disposal of those shares within 5 years of their issue to the individual.

(2)In the case of a disposal that is made otherwise than by way of a bargain made at arm's length, any VCT relief obtained by reference to the shares which are disposed of is to be withdrawn.

(3)In the case of a disposal that is made by way of a bargain made at arm's length, any VCT relief obtained by reference to the shares disposed of must—

(a)if it is greater than A, be reduced by A, and

(b)in any other case, be withdrawn.

(4)A is 30% of the amount or value of the consideration which the individual receives for the shares.

(5)The rules in subsections (6) and (7) are for determining which eligible shares of any class are treated as disposed of for the purposes of—

(a)this section, and

(b)section 267,

if a person disposes of some but not all of the eligible shares of that class which the person holds in a company.

(6)Shares acquired on an earlier day are treated as disposed of before shares acquired on a later day.

(7)Shares acquired on the same day are treated as disposed of in the following order—

(a)shares by reference to which VCT relief has not been obtained, and

(b)shares by reference to which VCT relief has been obtained.

267Transfers of shares between spouses or civil partnersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 266 does not apply in the case of any disposal of shares made by an individual to the individual's spouse or civil partner, if it is made at a time when they are living together.

(2)Subsection (3) applies if any eligible shares which—

(a)have been issued to any individual (“the transferor”), and

(b)are shares by reference to which any VCT relief has been obtained,

are transferred to the transferor's spouse or civil partner (“the transferee”) by a disposal such as is mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)If this subsection applies, section 266 and subsection (2) have effect, in relation to any subsequent disposal or other event, as if—

(a)the transferee were the person who had subscribed for the shares,

(b)the shares had been issued to the transferee at the time when they were issued to the transferor,

(c)there had been, in relation to the transferred shares, such a reduction by way of VCT relief in the transferee's liability to income tax as is equal to the actual reduction in respect of those shares of the transferor's liability, and

(d)that deemed reduction were (despite the transfer) to be treated for the purposes of section 266 as an amount of VCT relief obtained by reference to the shares transferred.

(4)Any assessment for withdrawing or reducing VCT relief because of a disposal or other event falling within subsection (3) is to be made on the transferee.

268Loss of relief if VCT approval withdrawnE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the approval of any company as a VCT is withdrawn, and

(b)the withdrawal of the approval is not one to which section 281(3) (VCT approval treated as never having been given) applies.

(2)Any person who, at the time when the withdrawal takes effect, is holding any shares issued by the company by reference to which VCT relief has been obtained is treated for the purposes of section 266 as having disposed of those shares—

(a)immediately before that time, and

(b)otherwise than by way of a bargain made at arm's length.

269Loss of relief which is subsequently found not to have been dueE+W+S+N.I.

Any VCT relief obtained which is subsequently found not to have been due is to be withdrawn.

270Assessment on withdrawal or reduction of reliefE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An assessment for withdrawing or reducing VCT relief under any of sections 266 to 269 must be made for the tax year for which the relief was obtained[F2, and may be made at any time not more than 6 years after the end of that tax year].

(2)No assessment for withdrawing or reducing VCT relief obtained by reference to shares issued to any individual may be made because of any event occurring after the individual's death.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 270(1) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 1(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 1(1)

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

271Provision of informationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If an event occurs that results in any VCT relief falling to be withdrawn or reduced, the individual by whom the relief was obtained must, within 60 days of coming to know of the event, give notice to an officer of Revenue and Customs containing particulars of the event.

F3(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F3(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)If a company which is a VCT issues to any individual eligible shares to which section 261(4) applies, it must—

(a)at the time of the issue of those shares, give the individual a notice stating that the individual is not eligible for VCT relief by reference to those shares, and

(b)not later than 3 months after the issue of those shares, give a copy of that notice to an officer of Revenue and Customs.

(5)No obligation as to secrecy imposed by statute or otherwise prevents an officer of Revenue and Customs from disclosing to a VCT that VCT relief has been obtained by reference to a particular number or proportion of its shares.

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Amendments (Textual)

272Regulations as to procedure etcE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies to VCT relief and relief for which the following provide—

(a)section 151A of TCGA 1992 (VCTs: reliefs),

(b)Schedule 5C to TCGA 1992 (VCTs: deferred charge on re-investment),

(c)Chapter 5 of Part 6 of ITTOIA 2005 (VCT dividends), and

(d)regulations under Chapter 5 of this Part.

(2)The Treasury may by regulations make such provision as they consider appropriate for—

(a)giving effect to relief to which this section applies, and

(b)preventing such relief from being given unless a claim is made in accordance with the regulations and such other requirements as may be imposed by the regulations have been met.

(3)Regulations under this section may make provision as to the manner in which, and the persons by whom, relief to which this section applies is to be claimed.

273Interpretation of ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Chapter “eligible shares”, in relation to a company which is a VCT, means ordinary shares in the VCT which, throughout the period of 5 years beginning on the date on which they are issued, carry—

(a)no present or future preferential right to dividends or to a company's assets on its winding up, and

(b)no present or future right to be redeemed.

(2)In this Chapter references to a disposal of shares include references to a disposal of an interest or right in or over shares.

Chapter 3E+W+S+N.I.VCT approvals

Giving of approvalE+W+S+N.I.

274Requirements for the giving of approvalE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to section 275, the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs must not approve a company for the purposes of this Part unless it is shown to their satisfaction that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2)—

(a)are met in relation to the most recent complete accounting period of the company, and

(b)will be met in relation to the accounting period of the company which is current when the application for approval is made.

(2)The conditions applied by subsection (1) (which are also applied by section 275(1) and other provisions of this Chapter) are set out in column 2 of the following table together with, in column 1 of the table, the descriptions by which they are referred to. In each of those conditions “the relevant period” means the accounting period that is relevant for the purposes of the particular provision by which the condition is applied.

Description Condition
The listing conditionThe shares making up the company's ordinary share capital (or, if there are such shares of more than one class, those of each class) have been or will be [F4[F5admitted to trading on a regulated market] throughout the relevant period]
The nature of income conditionThe company's income in the relevant period has been or will be derived wholly or mainly from shares or securities
The income retention conditionThe company has not retained or will not retain an amount which is greater than 15% of the income it derived or will derive in the relevant period from shares or securities
The 15% holding limit conditionNo holding in any company, other than a VCT or a company that would qualify as a VCT but for the listing condition, has represented or will represent at any time during the relevant period more than 15% by value of the company's investments
The 70% qualifying holdings conditionAt least 70% by value of the company's investments has been or will be represented throughout the relevant period by shares or securities included in qualifying holdings of the company
The [F670%] eligible shares conditionAt least [F670%] by value of the company's qualifying holdings has been or will be represented throughout the relevant period by holdings of eligible shares
[F7The investment limits condition The company has not made and will not make an investment, in the relevant period, in a company which breaches the permitted investment limits]

(3)The conditions mentioned in subsection (2) are supplemented as follows—

(a)the nature of income condition and the income retention condition by section 276,

(b)the 15% holding limit condition by section 277,

(c)the 15% holding limit condition, the 70% qualifying holdings condition and the [F870%] eligible shares condition by sections 278 and 279, F9...

(d)the 70% qualifying holdings condition and the [F1070%] eligible shares condition by section 280[F11, F12...

(e)the 70% qualifying holdings condition by section 280A][F13, and

(f)the investment limits condition by section 280B].

[F14(4)In this section “regulated market” has the same meaning as in Directive 2004/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on markets in financial instruments (see Article 4.1(14)).

(5)The Treasury may by regulations amend—

(a)the first entry in the table in subsection (2) (the listing condition), or

(b)subsection (4).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Words in s. 274(2) substituted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 26 para. 12(6)

F5Words in s. 274(2) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(2), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(2)(a); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F6Word in s. 274(2) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(2)(b); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F7Words in s. 274(2) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 18 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 2(2)

F8Word in s. 274(3)(c) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(2)(c); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F9Word in s. 274(3)(c) repealed (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 27 Pt. 2(16)

F10Word in s. 274(3)(d) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(2)(c); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F11S. 274(3)(e) and word inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 16 para. 20(5) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 20(2)(4)

F12Word in s. 274(3)(d) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 18 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 2(3)

F13S. 274(3)(f) and preceding word inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 18 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 2(3)

F14S. 274(4)(5) inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(2), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(2)(d); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

275Alternative requirements for the giving of approvalE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if one or more of the conditions mentioned in section 274(2) are not met with respect to a company in relation to its most recent complete accounting period.

(2)The Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs may still approve the company for the purposes of this Part if they are satisfied that the condition or conditions in question—

(a)will be met in relation to the period mentioned in subsection (3), and

(b)will continue to be met in relation to accounting periods following that period.

(3)The period is—

(a)in relation to the listing condition, the nature of income condition, the income retention condition and the 15% holding limit condition, the accounting period of the company which is current when the application for approval is made, or its next accounting period,

(b)in relation to the 70% qualifying holdings condition and the [F1570%] eligible shares condition, an accounting period of the company beginning no more than 3 years after the time when the approval is given or, if earlier, when the approval takes effect.

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Amendments (Textual)

F15Word in s. 275(3)(b) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(3); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

276Conditions relating to incomeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply in determining for the purposes of the nature of income condition and the income retention condition—

(a)the amount of a company's income, or

(b)the amount of income which a company derives from shares or securities.

(2)The amounts to be brought into account under [F16Part 5 of CTA 2009] in respect of the company's loan relationships are to be determined without reference to any debtor relationship of the company.

(3)The excess of any relevant credits over any relevant debits is to be treated as income which the company derives from shares or securities.

In this subsection “relevant credits” and “relevant debits” are credits and debits brought into account by virtue of [F17section 574 of CTA 2009 (non-trading credits and debits to be brought into account under Part 5 of that Act)].

(4)The income retention condition does not apply as regards an accounting period if the amount which the company would be required to distribute in order to meet that condition is less than—

(a)£10,000, or

(b)if the period is shorter than 12 months, a proportionately reduced amount.

(5)The income retention condition does not apply as regards an accounting period if—

(a)the company is required to retain income in respect of the period by virtue of a restriction imposed by law, and

(b)the amount of income which the company is so required to retain in respect of the period exceeds an amount equal to 15% of the income the company derives from shares or securities.

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply if—

(a)the amount of income the company retains in respect of the accounting period exceeds the amount of income it is required, by virtue of a restriction imposed by law, to retain in respect of the period, and

(b)the sum of the excess and any amount of income the company distributes in respect of the period is at least—

(i)£10,000, or

(ii)if the period is shorter than 12 months, a proportionately reduced amount.

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Amendments (Textual)

F16Words in s. 276(2) substituted (retrospective to 1.4.2009) by The Corporation Tax Act 2009 (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/2860), arts. 1(2), 5

F17Words in s. 276(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 701 (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

277The 15% holding limit conditionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If the 15% holding limit condition was met when a holding in a company was acquired or last added to, the condition is treated as continuing to be met until an addition is next made to it.

(2)Holding in a company” means the shares or securities (whether of one class or more than one class) held in any one company.

(3)An addition is made to a holding in a company whenever the company whose holding it is—

(a)acquires further shares or securities in the company, but

(b)does not do so by being allotted shares or securities without becoming liable to give any consideration.

(4)For the purposes of this section—

(a)holdings in companies which—

(i)are members of a group, whether or not including the company whose holdings they are (“company A”), and

(ii)are not excluded from the 15% holding limit condition,

are to be treated as holdings in a single company, and

(b)if company A is a member of a group, money owed to it by another member of the group is to be treated—

(i)as a security of the latter held by company A, and

(ii)accordingly as, or as part of, the holding of company A in the company owing the money.

For the purposes of this subsection “group” means a company and all companies which are its 51% subsidiaries.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if, in connection with a scheme of reconstruction—

(a)a company issues shares or securities,

(b)the shares or securities are issued to persons holding shares or securities in a second company in respect of and in proportion to (or as nearly as may be in proportion to) their holdings in the second company, and

(c)those persons do not become liable to give any consideration for the shares or securities.

In this subsection “scheme of reconstruction” has the same meaning as in section 136 of TCGA 1992.

(6)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a holding of the shares or securities in the second company, and

(b)a corresponding holding of the shares or securities issued by the company,

are to be regarded as the same holding.

278Conditions relating to value of investments: generalE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section and section 279 apply for the purposes of the 15% holding limit condition, the 70% qualifying holdings condition and the [F1870%] eligible shares condition (“the relevant conditions”).

(2)The value of a holding of investments of any description is to be taken, unless subsection (3) applies, to be its value when acquired.

(3)If, in the case of a holding of investments of any description—

(a)the holding is added to by a further holding of investments of that description, or

(b)any payment is made in discharge, in whole or in part, of any obligation attached to the holding that (by discharging the whole or any part of the obligation) increases the value of the holding,

the value of the holding is to be taken to be its value immediately after the most recent addition or payment.

(4)For the purposes of this section an addition is made to a holding of investments of any description whenever the company whose holding it is—

(a)acquires further investments of that description, but

(b)does not do so by being allotted shares or securities in a company without becoming liable to give any consideration.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if, in connection with a scheme of reconstruction—

(a)a company issues shares or securities,

(b)the shares or securities are issued to persons holding shares or securities in a second company in respect of and in proportion to (or as nearly as may be in proportion to) their holdings in the second company, and

(c)those persons do not become liable to give any consideration for the shares or securities.

In this subsection “scheme of reconstruction” has the same meaning as in section 136 of TCGA 1992.

(6)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a holding of the shares or securities of any description in the second company, and

(b)a corresponding holding of the shares or securities issued by the company,

are to be regarded as the same holding.

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Amendments (Textual)

F18Word in s. 278(1) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(4); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

279Conditions relating to value of investments: qualifying holdingsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If—

(a)any shares (“new shares”) are exchanged for other shares (“old shares”) under arrangements in relation to which section 326 (restructuring arrangements) applies, and

(b)those arrangements have not ceased by virtue of section 326(5) to be arrangements by reference to which requirements of Chapter 4 are treated as met,

the value of the new shares is taken to be the same as the value, when last valued in accordance with subsection (2) or (3) of section 278, of the old shares for which they are exchanged.

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)references to shares in a company include references to any securities of that company, and

(b)the reference to the value of the new shares includes references to the value of those shares both—

(i)at the time of their acquisition, and

(ii)immediately after any subsequent addition to a holding of the new shares that is made under the arrangements.

(3)If—

(a)shares (“new shares”) are issued to a company as a result of the exercise by that company of any right of conversion attached to other shares, or securities, held by that company (“convertibles”), and

(b)section 329 (conversion of convertible shares and securities) applies in relation to the issue of the new shares,

the value of the new shares at the time of their acquisition is taken to be the same as the value, when last valued in accordance with subsection (2) or (3) of section 278, of the convertibles for which they are exchanged.

(4)Regulations under section 330 may make provision for securing that if—

(a)there is an exchange of shares to which regulations under section 330 apply, and

(b)the new shares are treated by virtue of the regulations as meeting the requirements of Chapter 4,

the value of the holding of the new shares, and of any original shares that are retained under the exchange, is taken to be an amount such that the requirements of the relevant conditions do not cease to be met because of the exchange.

(5)In subsection (4)—

(a)shares” includes securities, and

(b)exchange of shares”, “new shares” and “original shares” have the same meaning as in section 330.

280Conditions relating to qualifying holdings and eligible sharesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsection (2) applies, subject to any regulations under subsection (3), if—

(a)there has been an issue of ordinary share capital of a company (“the first issue”),

(b)a VCT approval of that company has taken effect on or before the day of the making of the first issue, and

(c)a further issue of ordinary share capital of that company has been made since the making of the first issue.

(2)If this subsection applies, the use to which the money raised by the further issue is put, and the use of any money deriving from that use, are ignored in determining whether either or both of the 70% qualifying holdings condition and the [F1970%] eligible shares condition are, have been or will be met in relation to—

(a)the accounting period in which the further issue is made, or

(b)any later accounting period ending no more than 3 years after the making of the further issue.

(3)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for subsection (2)—

(a)not to apply, or to be treated as not having applied, in specified cases, or

(b)to apply, or to be treated as having applied, in specified cases—

(i)only to a specified extent, or

(ii)only if specified conditions (including conditions requiring approvals to be obtained) are met.

(4)Provision made by regulations under subsection (3) may (but need not) be made so that, in any particular case, subsection (2)—

(a)does not apply, or is treated as not having applied, at prescribed times or with effect from a prescribed time, or

(b)applies, or is treated as having applied, in accordance with provision made under subsection (3)(b) at prescribed times or with effect from a prescribed time.

(5)In subsection (3) “specified” means specified by regulations and in subsection (4) “prescribed” means specified by, or determined under, regulations.

(6)Section 324 applies in relation to—

(a)regulations under subsection (3), and

(b)any power conferred by that subsection,

as it applies in relation to regulations under Chapter 5 and a power conferred by any provision of that Chapter.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Word in s. 280(2) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(5); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

[F20280AThe 70% qualifying holdings condition: disposal of holdingE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a company which is a VCT disposes of shares or securities (“the holding”),

(b)the consideration for the disposal does not consist wholly of new qualifying holdings, and

(c)the holding was comprised in the company's qualifying holdings throughout the 6 months ending immediately before the disposal.

(2)For the purpose of determining whether the 70% qualifying holdings condition is, has been or will be met—

(a)the company is to be treated as if it continued to hold the holding for the period of 6 months beginning with the disposal (but see subsection (4)), and

(b)the value of the company's investments in that period is to be treated as reduced by the amount of any monetary consideration for the disposal.

(3)The value of the holding in the period mentioned in subsection (2)(a) is to be treated as equal to its value (determined in accordance with this Chapter) immediately before the disposal.

(4)If the consideration for the disposal includes new qualifying holdings, subsection (2)(a) has effect as if the reference to the holding were to the appropriate proportion of the holding (the value of which is that proportion of the value of the holding, determined in accordance with subsection (3)).

(5)The appropriate proportion is—

where—

TC is the market value (at the time of the disposal) of the total consideration for the disposal, and

NQH is the market value (at that time) of the new qualifying holdings.

(6)If at any time the value of the company's investments would by virtue of subsection (2)(b) be reduced to an amount less than the value of its qualifying holdings, the value of its investments at that time is to be treated as equal to the value of its qualifying holdings.

(7)New qualifying holdings” means shares or securities which (on transfer to the company) are comprised in the company's qualifying holdings.

(8)If (and to the extent that) the holding was acquired with money the use of which is at any time ignored by virtue of section 280(2), subsections (2) to (6) do not apply in relation to that time.

(9)Nothing in this section applies in relation to disposals between companies that are merging (within the meaning of section 323).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F20S. 280A inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 16 para. 20(5) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 20(3), (4)

[F21280BThe investment limits conditionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of the investment limits condition.

(2)Where a company (“the investor”) makes an investment (“the current investment”) in another company (“the relevant company”), that investment breaches the permitted investment limits if the total annual investment in the relevant company exceeds the amount for the time being specified in section 292A(1).

(3)The total annual investment in the relevant company is the sum of—

(a)the amount of the current investment, and

(b)the total amount of other relevant investments made in the relevant company (whether or not by the investor) in the year ending with the day on which the current investment is made.

(4)A “relevant investment” is made in a company if—

(a)an investment (of any kind) in the company is made by a VCT,

(b)the company issues shares (money having been subscribed for them), and (at any time) the company provides—

(i)a compliance statement under section 205 (enterprise investment scheme), or

(ii)a compliance statement under section 257ED (seed enterprise investment scheme),

in respect of the shares, or

(c)any other investment is made in the company which is aid received by it pursuant to a measure approved by the European Commission as compatible with Article 107 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union in accordance with the principles laid down in the Community Guidelines on Risk Capital Investments in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (as those guidelines may be amended or replaced from time to time).

(5)For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), an investment within subsection (4)(b) is regarded as made when the shares are issued.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F21S. 280B inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 18 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 3

Withdrawal of approvalE+W+S+N.I.

281Withdrawal of VCT approval of a companyE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (“the Commissioners”) may withdraw the VCT approval of a company if at any time it appears to them that there are reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that the conditions for the approval of the company were not met at the time of the approval,

(b)in a case where the Commissioners were satisfied for the purposes of section 274(1)(b) or 275(2) that any of the conditions mentioned in section 274(2) would be met in relation to any period, that the condition is one which will not be, or has not been, met in relation to that period,

(c)in the case of a company approved under subsection (2) of section 275 (read with paragraph (b) of subsection (3) of that section), that the company has not met such other conditions as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Commissioners in relation to—

(i)the period of 3 years mentioned in that paragraph, or

(ii)any part of that period,

(d)in a case where the use of any money falls to be ignored for any accounting period in accordance with section 280(2), that—

(i)the first accounting period of the company for which the use of that money will not be ignored will be a period in relation to which any of the conditions mentioned in section 274(2) will fail to be met, or

(ii)the company has not met such other conditions as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Commissioners in relation to, or to any part of, an accounting period for which the use of that money falls to be ignored, F22...

(e)that—

(i)the company's most recent complete accounting period or its current one is a period in relation to which there has been or will be a failure of any of the conditions mentioned in section 274(2) to be met, and

(ii)the failure was not or will not be one which, at the time of the approval, was allowed for in relation to that period by virtue of section 275(2).

[F23(f)that, while it has been a VCT, the company has issued shares and, before the end of the restricted period, the company, other than for the purpose of redeeming or repurchasing any of those shares, has—

(i)made a payment to all or any of its shareholders of an amount representing (directly or indirectly) a repayment of its share capital, whether that payment was made out of a reserve arising from a reduction of share capital or otherwise,

(ii)where the shares were issued at a premium, made a payment to all or any of its shareholders of an amount representing (directly or indirectly) that premium or any part of it, whether that payment was made out of a share premium reserve or otherwise, or

(iii)used an amount which represents (directly or indirectly) the company's share capital or an amount by which that share capital has been diminished, or, where the shares were issued at a premium, that premium (or any part of it), to pay up new shares to be allotted to all or any of its shareholders.]

[F24(1A)In subsection (1)(f)—

  • “payment”—

    (a)

    does not include any distribution of assets made in connection with the winding up of the company, but

    (b)

    does include every other description of distribution of the company's assets to its members,

    and for this purpose “distribution” includes (but is not limited to) a distribution within the meaning of section 989,

  • reduction of share capital” has the same meaning as in section 1027A(2) of CTA 2010, and

  • the restricted period” means the period of 3 years beginning at the end of the accounting period of the company in which the shares were issued.]

(2)Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the withdrawal of the approval of a company for the purposes of this Part has effect as from the time when notice of the withdrawal is given to the company.

(3)If, in the case of a company approved as a VCT in the exercise of the power conferred by section 275(2), the approval is withdrawn at a time before all of the conditions mentioned in section 274(2) have been met with respect to the company concerned—

(a)in relation to a complete accounting period of 12 months, or

(b)in relation to successive complete accounting periods constituting a continuous period of at least 12 months,

the withdrawal of the approval has the effect that the approval is for all purposes treated as never having been given.

(4)A notice withdrawing the approval of a company for the purposes of this Part may specify a time falling before the time mentioned in subsection (2) as the time from which the withdrawal is to be treated as having effect for the purposes of section 100 of TCGA 1992 (exemption for venture capital trusts etc).

But the time so specified must be no earlier than the beginning of the accounting period in relation to which it appears to the Commissioners that the condition by reference to which the approval is withdrawn has not been, or will not be, met.

(5)Despite any limitation on the time for making assessments, an assessment to any tax chargeable in consequence of the withdrawal of any VCT approval may be made at any time before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the time when the notice of withdrawal is given.

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Amendments (Textual)

F22Word in s. 281(1)(d) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 3(4) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 3(2)

F23S. 281(1)(f) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 3(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 3(2)

F24S. 281(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 3(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 3(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 281(f)(i) modified (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 3(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 3(5)

C2S. 281(f)(iii) modified (with effect in accordance with Sch. 10 para. 3(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 3(5)

282Withdrawal of VCT approval in cases for which provision made under section 280(3)E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for withdrawal of VCT approval of a company to be treated—

(a)in a case where the withdrawal is by reference to a condition for approval that would have been, or would be, met but for provision made under section 280(3), and

(b)for the purposes of enactments specified by regulations,

as having taken effect as from a time specified in the notice of withdrawal that is earlier than the time when the notice is given to the company.

(2)Provision made under subsection (1) has effect subject to the provisions of section 281(4) (retrospective effect of notices of withdrawal of VCT approval) as to the earliest time that may be specified by such a notice.

(3)Section 324 applies in relation to—

(a)regulations under subsection (1), and

(b)any power conferred by that subsection,

as it applies in relation to regulations under Chapter 5 and a power conferred by any provision of that Chapter.

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

283Time as from which VCT approval has effectE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A VCT approval has effect as from the time specified in the approval.

(2)That time, if it falls before the time when the VCT approval is given, must be no earlier than the time when the application was made.

(3)If the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs give a VCT approval, they may stipulate that the approval is to have effect as from the time when the application for the approval was made or any subsequent time.

284Power to make regulations as to procedureE+W+S+N.I.

[F25(1)Regulations under section 272 may make provision—

(a)as to the making of applications for VCT approvals and otherwise as to the procedure to be followed in relation to any such applications and the giving of such approvals,

[F26(aa)for and in connection with the making by a company of an application to the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (“the Commissioners”) for relief in respect of a breach (including a future breach) of the conditions for its VCT approval to continue in force,]

(b)as to the procedure to be followed in connection with the withdrawal of VCT approvals,

(c)as to the obligations of a company which is a VCT if it should appear to the company

[F27(i)that the conditions for its VCT approval to continue in force are no longer met, or

(ii)that it is likely that those conditions will cease to be met,]

(d)as to the accounts, records, returns and other information to be kept, and provided or otherwise made available to the Commissioners F28..., by companies which are or have been VCTs and by persons [F29(including nominees)] who hold or have held shares in such companies, and

(e)as to the persons liable to account for any tax becoming due where a VCT approval is withdrawn.]

[F30(2)In subsection (1)(aa), the reference to relief in respect of a breach of the conditions mentioned there is to a determination by the Commissioners that they will not exercise their power to withdraw the company's VCT approval by reason of the breach for such period as they may determine (and subject to such conditions as they may determine).

(3)The provision that may be made by virtue of subsection (1)(aa) includes—

(a)provision as to the procedure to be followed in relation to applications and determinations,

(b)provision as to the grounds on which applications may be made or determined, and

(c)provision conferring a discretion to be exercised by the Commissioners.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F25S. 284(1): s. 284 renumbered as s. 284(1) (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 21(1)

F26S. 284(1)(aa) inserted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 21(1)(a)

F27Words in s. 284(1)(c) substituted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 21(1)(b)

F28Words in s. 284(1)(d) repealed (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 21(1)(c), Sch. 27 Pt. 2(16)

F29Words in s. 284(1)(d) inserted (17.7.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 5

F30S. 284(2)(3) inserted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 21(2)

285Interpretation of ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter 4 has effect for interpreting references in this Chapter to a “qualifying holding”.

(2)In this Chapter and the following Chapters of this Part “securities”, in relation to a company, includes any liability of the company in respect of a loan (whether secured or not), except that it does not include—

(a)any liability of the company in respect of a loan which has been made to the company on terms which allow any person to require—

(i)the loan to be repaid, or

(ii)any stock or security relating to the loan to be re-purchased or redeemed,

within the period of 5 years from the making of the loan or, as the case may be, the issue of the stock or security, or

(b)any stock or security relating to a loan which has been made to the company on terms which allow any person to require the loan to be repaid, or the stock or security to be re-purchased or redeemed, within that period.

But see sections 317(4) and 328(2).

[F31(3A)For the purposes of this Chapter, shares in a company are “eligible” unless they carry—

(a)a present or future preferential right to dividends that is within subsection (3B),

(b)a present or future preferential right to the company's assets on its winding up, or

(c)a present or future right to be redeemed.

(3B)A preferential right to dividends carried by a share in a company is within this subsection if—

(a)the amount of any dividends payable pursuant to the right, or the date or dates on which they are payable, depend to any extent on a decision of the company, the holder of the share or any other person, or

(b)the amount of any dividends that become payable at any time pursuant to the right includes any amount that became payable at any earlier time pursuant to the right, but has not been paid.]

(4)Any reference in this Chapter to a company's investments is taken to include, so far as it would not otherwise do so—

(a)money in the company's possession, and

(b)any sum owed to the company by another person if the company has account-holder's rights over that sum.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4)(b) a company has “account-holder's rights” over a sum owed to the company if—

(a)the company has a right (whether or not the exercise of the right is subject to conditions) to require the other person to pay out the sum, or amounts out of the sum, to the company or at the company's direction, and

(b)the sum is owed to the company—

(i)as a result of amounts having been paid to the other person by or for the company, or

(ii)as a result of the other person having identified a sum in respect of which the company may exercise such a right.

(6)Subsection (5) does not have effect to cause a company's investments to be taken to include anything to which the company is not beneficially entitled, but for this purpose a company is taken to be beneficially entitled to—

(a)sums subscribed for shares issued by it, and

(b)anything to which it is entitled that (directly or indirectly) represents such sums.

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Amendments (Textual)

F31S. 285(3A)(3B) substituted (6.4.2011) for s. 285(3) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 6, 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(6); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

Chapter 4E+W+S+N.I.Qualifying holdings

IntroductionE+W+S+N.I.

286Qualifying holdings: introductionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If any shares in or securities of any company (“the relevant company”) are at any time held by another company (“the investing company”), this Chapter applies for determining whether and to what extent those shares or securities (“the relevant holding”) are, for the purposes of Chapter 3, to be regarded as at that time comprised in the investing company's qualifying holdings.

(2)The relevant holding is to be regarded as comprised in the investing company's qualifying holding at any time if—

(a)all the following requirements of this Chapter are met at that time in relation to the relevant company and the relevant holding, and

(b)the relevant holding consists of shares or securities which were first issued by the relevant company to the investing company and have been held by the investing company ever since.

(3)The requirements are those imposed as to—

[F32(za)UK permanent establishment (see section 286A),

(zb)financial health (see section 286B),]

(a)maximum qualifying investment (see section 287),

(b)no guaranteed loan (see section 288),

(c)proportion of eligible shares (see section 289),

(d)trading (see section 290),

(e)the carrying on of a qualifying activity (see section 291),

[F33(ea)the maximum amount raised annually through risk capital schemes (see section 292A),]

[F34(eb)the spending of money raised by SEIS investment (see section 292B),]

(f)use of the money raised (see section 293),

(g)the relevant company carrying on the relevant qualifying activity (see section 294),

(h)unquoted status (see section 295),

(i)control and independence (see section 296),

(j)gross assets (see section 297),

[F35(ja)number of employees (see section 297A),]

(k)qualifying subsidiaries (see section 298), F36...

(l)property managing subsidiaries (see section 299)[F37, and

(m)no disqualifying arrangements (see section 299A)].

(4)Subject to section 293(7), subsection (5) applies if—

(a)the requirements of section 287, 293 or 294 would be met as to only part of the money raised by the issue of the relevant holding, and

(b)that holding is not otherwise capable of being treated as comprising separate holdings.

(5)If this subsection applies, this Chapter has effect in relation to the relevant holding as if it were two separate holdings consisting of—

(a)a holding from which the part of the money mentioned in subsection (4)(a) was raised, and

(b)a holding from which the remainder was raised.

Chapter 3 has effect as if the value of the relevant holding were to be apportioned between the two holdings treated as subsisting by this subsection.

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Amendments (Textual)

F32S. 286(3)(za)(zb) inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(7); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F33S. 286(3)(ea) inserted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 6(2) (with Sch. 16 para. 6(5)(6))

F34S. 286(3)(eb) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 6 para. 24(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 6 para. 15

F35S. 286(3)(ja) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 3(2)(5) (with Sch. 16 para. 3(6)(7))

F36Word in s. 286(3)(k) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 4

F37S. 286(3)(m) and preceding word inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 4

The requirementsE+W+S+N.I.

[F38286AThe UK permanent establishment requirementE+W+S+N.I.

The requirement of this section, at any time on or after the issue of the relevant holding, is that the relevant company has a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom at all times from the issue of the holding to the time in question.

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Amendments (Textual)

F38Ss. 286A, 286B inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(8); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

286BThe financial health requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that the relevant company is not, at the time of the issue of the relevant holding, in difficulty.

(2)The relevant company is “in difficulty” if it is reasonable to assume that it would be regarded as a firm in difficulty for the purposes of the Community Guidelines on State Aid for Rescuing and Restructuring Firms in Difficulty (2004/C 244/02).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F38Ss. 286A, 286B inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(8); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

287The maximum qualifying investment requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that [F39, if the condition in subsection (1A) is met,] the relevant holding did not, when it was issued, represent an investment in excess of the maximum qualifying investment for the relevant period.

[F40(1A)The condition is that—

(a)at the time of the issue of the relevant holding the relevant company or any of its qualifying subsidiaries was a member of a partnership or a party to a joint venture,

(b)the trade which meets the requirement of section 291 was at that time being carried on, or to be carried on, by those partners in partnership or by the parties to the joint venture, and

(c)the other partners or parties to the joint venture include at least one other company.]

(2)[F41The] maximum qualifying investment for any period is exceeded so far as the total amount of money which—

(a)is raised in that period, and

(b)is so raised by the issue to the investing company during that period of shares in or securities of the relevant company,

exceeds [F42the relevant fraction of] £1 million.

[F43(2A)The relevant fraction is—

where “N” is the number of companies (including the relevant company) which, at the time when the relevant holding was issued were members of the partnership or, as the case may be, parties to the joint venture.]

(3)If the relevant holding represented, when issued, an investment in excess of the maximum qualifying investment for the relevant period—

(a)the shares or securities which represented the excess are not to be regarded as part of the relevant holding, and

(b)the amount of money raised by those shares or securities is to be ignored for the purposes of any subsequent application of subsection (2).

(4)For the purposes of this section, if there is any question as to whether any shares in or securities of the relevant company which are for the time being held by the investing company represent an investment in excess of the maximum qualifying investment for any period, that question is determined on the following assumption in relation to disposals by the investing company.

(5)The assumption is that, as between shares or securities of the same description, those which represent the whole or any part of the excess are disposed of before those which do not.

F44(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F45(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)For the purposes of this section “the relevant period” is the period beginning with whichever is the earlier of—

(a)the time 6 months before the issue of the relevant holding, and

(b)the beginning of the tax year in which the issue of that holding took place,

and (in either case) ending with the issue of that holding.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F39Words in s. 287(1) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(2)

F40S. 287(1A) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(3)

F41Word in s. 287(2) substituted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(4)(a)

F42Words in s. 287(2) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(4)(b)

F43S. 287(2A) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(5)

F44S. 287(6) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(6)

F45S. 287(7) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 5(6)

288The no guaranteed loan requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that there are no securities relating to a guaranteed loan in the relevant holding.

(2)For the purposes of this section, a security relates to a guaranteed loan if (and only if) there are arrangements for the investing company to be or to become entitled to receive anything (whether directly or indirectly) from a third party in the event of the failure by any person to comply with—

(a)the terms of the loan to which the security relates, or

(b)the terms of the security.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) it does not matter whether the arrangements apply in all cases of a failure to comply or only in some such cases.

(4)For the purposes of this section “third party” means any person except—

(a)the relevant company, and

(b)if the relevant company is a parent company that meets the trading requirement in section 290(1)(b), the subsidiaries of that company.

289The proportion of eligible shares requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that eligible shares represent at least 10% by value of the totality of the shares in or securities of the relevant company (including the relevant holding) which are held by the investing company.

(2)For the purposes of this section the value at any time of any shares in or securities of a company is taken (subject to subsection (4)) to be their value immediately after—

(a)any relevant event occurring at that time, or

(b)if no relevant event occurs at that time, the last relevant event to occur before that time.

(3)In subsection (2) “the relevant event”, in relation to any shares in or securities of the relevant company, means—

(a)the acquisition by the investing company of those shares or securities,

(b)the acquisition by the investing company of any other shares in or securities of the relevant company which—

(i)are of the same description as those shares or securities, and

(ii)are acquired by the investing company otherwise than by being allotted to the investing company without its being liable to give any consideration, or

(c)the making of any such payment in discharge, in whole or in part, of any obligation attached to any shares in or securities of the relevant company held by the investing company as (by discharging that obligation) increases the value of any such shares or securities.

(4)If at any time the value of any shares or securities held by the investing company is less than the consideration given by the investing company for those shares or securities, it is to be assumed for the purposes of this section that the value of the shares or securities at that time is equal to the amount of that consideration.

(5)In this section “eligible shares” has the same meaning as in Chapter 3 (see section [F46285(3A) and (3B)]).

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Amendments (Textual)

F46Words in s. 289(5) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(4), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(9); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

290The trading requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that—

(a)the relevant company, ignoring any incidental purposes, exists wholly for the purpose of carrying on one or more qualifying trades, or

(b)the relevant company is a parent company and the business of the group does not consist wholly or as to a substantial part in the carrying on of non-qualifying activities.

(2)If the relevant company intends that one or more other companies should become its qualifying subsidiaries with a view to their carrying on one or more qualifying trades—

(a)the relevant company is treated as a parent company for the purposes of subsection (1)(b), and

(b)the reference in subsection (1)(b) to the group includes the relevant company and any existing or future company that will be its qualifying subsidiary after the intention in question is carried into effect.

This subsection does not apply at any time after the abandonment of that intention.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b) the business of the group means what would be the business of the group if the activities of the group companies taken together were regarded as one business.

(4)For the purpose of determining the business of a group, activities are ignored so far as they are carried on by a mainly trading subsidiary otherwise than for its main purpose.

(5)For the purpose of determining the business of a group, activities of a group company are ignored so far as they consist in—

(a)the holding of shares in or securities of a qualifying subsidiary of the parent company,

(b)the making of loans to another group company, or

(c)the holding and managing of property used by a group company for the purpose of one or more qualifying trades carried on by a group company, or

(d)the holding and managing of property used by a group company for the purpose of research and development from which it is intended—

(i)that a qualifying trade to be carried on by a group company will be derived, or

(ii)that a qualifying trade carried on or to be carried on by a group company will benefit.

(6)Any reference in sub-paragraph (i) or (ii) of subsection (5)(d) to a group company includes a reference to any existing or future company which will be a group company at any future time.

(7)In this section—

  • incidental purposes” means purposes having no significant effect (other than in relation to incidental matters) on the extent of the activities of the company in question,

  • mainly trading subsidiary” means a qualifying subsidiary which, apart from incidental purposes, exists wholly for the purpose of carrying on one or more qualifying trades, and any reference to the main purpose of such a subsidiary is to be read accordingly,

  • non-qualifying activities” means—

    (a)

    excluded activities, and

    (b)

    activities carried on otherwise than in the course of a trade.

(8)This section is supplemented by section 300 (meaning of “qualifying trade”) and sections 303 to 310 (excluded activities).

291The carrying on of a qualifying activity requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section, at any time on or after the issue of the relevant holding, is that a qualifying company (whether or not the same such company at every such time) must have been carrying on a qualifying activity at all times from the issue of the holding to the time in question.

(2)[F47Carrying on a qualifying trade] is a qualifying activity.

(3)Preparing to carry on a qualifying trade is a qualifying activity if, at the time when the relevant holding was issued, the trade was intended to be carried on F48... by a qualifying company.

This is subject to subsections (4) and (5).

(4)The requirement of this section is not capable of being met by virtue of subsection (3) at any time after the end of the period of two years beginning with the issue of the relevant holding unless—

(a)the intended trade was begun to be carried on by a qualifying company before the end of that period, and

(b)at all times since the end of that period, a qualifying company (whether or not the same such company at every such time) has been carrying on a qualifying trade F49....

(5)The requirement of this section is also not capable of being met by virtue of subsection (3) at any time after the abandonment, within the period mentioned in subsection (4), of the intention in question.

(6)In determining for the purposes of subsection (4)(a) when the intended trade was begun to be carried on by a qualifying company which is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company, any carrying on by it of the trade before it became such a subsidiary of the relevant company is ignored.

(7)In this section “qualifying company” means the relevant company or any qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company.

(8)The reference in subsection (7) to a qualifying company which is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company includes, in its application to subsection (3), a reference to any existing or future qualifying company which will be a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company at any future time.

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Amendments (Textual)

F47Words in s. 291(2) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(10)(a); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F48Words in s. 291(3) omitted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(10)(b); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F49Words in s. 291(4)(b) omitted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(10)(c); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

292Ceasing to meet requirements because of administration or receivershipE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A company is not regarded as ceasing to meet the requirement of section 290 or 291 merely because of anything done in consequence of its being in administration or receivership.

(2)Subsection (1) applies only if—

(a)the entry into administration or receivership, and

(b)everything done as a consequence of the company being in administration or receivership,

is for genuine commercial reasons, and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

[F50292AThe maximum amount raised annually through risk capital schemes requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The total amount of relevant investments made in the relevant company in the year ending with the date the relevant holding is issued must not exceed [F51£5 million].

(2)In subsection (1), the reference to relevant investments made in the relevant company includes relevant investments made in any company that is, or has at any time in the year mentioned there been, a subsidiary of the relevant company (whether or not it was such a subsidiary when the investment was made).

(3)A “relevant investment” is made in a company if—

(a)an investment (of any kind) in the company is made by a VCT, or

(b)the company issues shares (money having been subscribed for them), and (at any time) the company provides—

(i)a compliance statement under section 205 (enterprise investment scheme), or

[F52(ia)a compliance statement under section 257ED (seed enterprise investment scheme).]

F53(ii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

in respect of the shares[F54, or

(c)any other investment is made in the company which is aid received by it pursuant to a measure approved by the European Commission as compatible with Article 107 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union in accordance with the principles laid down in the Community Guidelines on Risk Capital Investments in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (as those guidelines may be amended or replaced from time to time).]

(4)For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), an investment within subsection (3)(b) is regarded as made when the shares are issued.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if, by virtue of the provision of a compliance statement under section 205 above F55..., the requirement of this section is not met.

(6)The requirement is to be treated as having been met throughout the period—

(a)beginning with the time the relevant holding was issued, and

(b)ending with the time the compliance statement was provided.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F51Words in s. 292A(1) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 6(2), 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(a); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(a)

F52S. 292A(3)(b)(ia) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 6 para. 24(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 6 para. 16

F53S. 292A(3)(b)(ii) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 6(3)(a)

F54S. 292A(3)(c) and preceding word inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 6(3)(b)

F55Words in s. 292A(5) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 6(4)

[F56292BThe spending of money raised by SEIS investment requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that, if an SEIS investment has been made in the relevant company, at least 70% of the money raised by the investment has been spent as mentioned in section 257CC (seed enterprise investment scheme: the spending of the money raised requirement) before the issue of the relevant holding.

(2)An “SEIS investment” is made in a company if the company issues shares (money having been subscribed for them), and (at any time) the company provides a compliance statement under section 257ED (seed enterprise investment scheme).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F56S. 292B inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 6 para. 24(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 6 para. 17

293The use of the money raised requirementE+W+S+N.I.

[F57(1)The requirement of this section is that—

(a)less than two years has passed since the trading time, or

(b)at least two years has passed since the trading time and all of the money raised by the issue of the relevant holding has been employed wholly for the purposes of a relevant qualifying activity.]

F58(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F58(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F58(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)In subsection (1) “the trading time” means whichever is applicable of the following—

(a)in a case where the requirement of section 291 was met in relation to the time when the relevant holding was issued and the relevant qualifying activity falls within subsection (2) of that section, the time when the relevant holding was issued, and

(b)in a case where that requirement was met in relation to that time and the relevant qualifying activity falls within subsection (3) of that section, the time when the condition in subsection (4)(a) of that section was met by a qualifying company beginning to carry on the intended trade.

[F59(5A)Employing money on the acquisition of shares in a company does not of itself amount to employing the money for the purposes of a relevant qualifying activity.]

(6)For the purposes of this section money is not to be treated as employed otherwise than wholly for the purposes of a relevant qualifying activity if the only amount employed for other purposes is an amount which is not a significant amount.

(7)Nothing in section 286(5) requires any money whose use is ignored by virtue of subsection (6) to be treated as raised by a different holding.

(8)In this section—

  • qualifying activity” and “qualifying company” have the same meaning as in section 291, and

  • a qualifying activity is a “relevant qualifying activity” if—

    (a)

    it was also a qualifying activity at the time when the relevant holding was issued, or

    (b)

    it is a qualifying trade and preparing to carry it on was a qualifying activity at that time.

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Amendments (Textual)

F57S. 293(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 14 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 8 para. 9(2)

F58S. 293(2)-(4) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 14 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 8 para. 9(3)

F59S. 293(5A) inserted (6.4.2012) (retrospective and with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 21(2)(3) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 7, 21(1)

294The relevant company to carry on the relevant qualifying activity requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is met if, at no time after the issue of the relevant holding, has the relevant qualifying activity in question been carried on by a person other than—

(a)the relevant company, or

(b)a qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company.

In this subsection “the relevant qualifying activity in question” means the relevant qualifying activity by reference to which the requirement of section 293 is met.

(2)The requirement of this section is not to be regarded as failing to be met merely because of the carrying on of the trade in question by a person other than the relevant company, or a qualifying subsidiary of that company, at any time—

(a)after the issue of the relevant holding, and

(b)before the relevant company, or any qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company, carries on that trade.

(3)The requirement of this section is not to be regarded as failing to be met merely because of the carrying on of the trade in question—

(a)by the partners in a partnership of which the relevant company, or a qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company, is a member, or

(b)by the parties to a joint venture to which the relevant company, or a qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company, is a party.

(4)The requirement of this section is not to be regarded as failing to be met if—

(a)merely because of anything done as a consequence of the relevant company or any other company being in administration or receivership, or

(b)merely because of the relevant company or any other company being wound up or dissolved without winding up,

the trade in question ceases to be carried on by the relevant company or a qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company and is subsequently carried on by a person who has not been connected, at any time after the date which is 12 months before the issue of the relevant holding, with the relevant company.

(5)Subsection (4) applies only if—

(a)the entry into administration or receivership and everything done in consequence of the company concerned being in administration or receivership, or

(b)the winding up or dissolution,

is for genuine commercial reasons and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

(6)In this section “the trade in question” means so much of the relevant qualifying activity mentioned in subsection (1) as consists of—

(a)a trade which was being carried on at the time when the relevant holding was issued, or

(b)a trade for the carrying on of which preparations were being made at that time.

(7)The definition of “relevant qualifying activity” in subsection (8) of section 293 applies for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of that section.

295The unquoted status requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section is that the relevant company must be an unquoted company.

(2)In this section “unquoted company” means a company none of whose shares, stocks, debentures or other securities are marketed to the general public.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2), shares, stocks, debentures or other securities are marketed to the general public if they are—

(a)listed on [F60a recognised stock exchange, ]

(b)listed on a designated exchange in a country outside the United Kingdom, or

(c)dealt in F61... outside the United Kingdom by such means as may be designated.

(4)In subsection (3)(b) and (c) “designated” means designated by an order made by the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs for the purposes of that provision.

(5)An order made for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) may designate an exchange by name, or by reference to any class or description of exchanges, including a class or description framed by reference to any authority or approval given in a country outside the United Kingdom.

(6)If—

(a)any shares in or securities of a company are included in the qualifying holdings of the investing company, and

(b)that company ceases to be an unquoted company at any time while the investing company is approved as a VCT,

the requirements of this section are to be treated, in relation to shares or securities acquired before that time, as continuing to be met for a period of 5 years after that time.

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Amendments (Textual)

F60Words in s. 295(3)(a) substituted (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 26 para. 12(7)(a)

F61Words in s. 295(3)(c) repealed (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 26 para. 12(7)(b), Sch. 27 Pt. 6(5)

296The control and independence requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The control element of the requirement is that—

(a)the relevant company must not control (whether on its own or together with any person connected with it) any company which is not a qualifying subsidiary of the relevant company, and

(b)no arrangements must be in existence by virtue of which the relevant company could fail to meet paragraph (a).

(2)The independence element of the requirement is that—

(a)the relevant company must not be under the control of another company (or of another company and any other person connected with that other company), and

(b)no arrangements must be in existence by virtue of which the relevant company could fail to meet paragraph (a).

(3)This section is subject to section 327(7) (exchange of shares).

297The gross assets requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The requirement of this section in the case of a relevant company that is a single company is that the value of the company's gross assets—

(a)did not exceed [F62£15 million] immediately before the issue of the relevant holding, and

(b)did not exceed [F63£16 million] immediately afterwards.

(2)The requirement of this section in the case of a relevant company that is a parent company is that the value of the group assets—

(a)did not exceed [F64£15 million] immediately before the issue of the relevant holding, and

(b)did not exceed [F65£16 million] immediately afterwards.

(3)The value of the group assets means the sum of the values of the gross assets of each of the members of the group, ignoring any that consist in rights against, or shares in or securities of, another member of the group.

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Amendments (Textual)

F62Words in s. 297(1)(a) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 8(a), 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(b)

F63Words in s. 297(1)(b) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 8(b), 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(b)

F64Words in s. 297(2)(a) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 8(a), 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(b)

F65Words in s. 297(2)(b) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 8(b), 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(b)

[F66297AThe number of employees requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If the relevant company is a single company, the full-time equivalent employee number for it must be less than [F67250] when the relevant holding is issued.

(2)If the relevant company is a parent company, the sum of—

(a)the full-time equivalent employee number for it, and

(b)the full-time equivalent employee numbers for each of its qualifying subsidiaries,

must be less than [F68250] when the relevant holding is issued.

(3)The full-time equivalent employee number for a company is calculated as follows—

Step 1

Find the number of full-time employees of the company.

Step 2

Add, for each employee of the company who is not a full-time employee, such fraction as is just and reasonable.

The result is the full-time equivalent employee number.

(4)In this section references to an employee—

(a)include a director, but

(b)do not include—

(i)an employee on maternity [F69, paternity or shared parental] leave, or

(ii)a student on vocational training.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F66S. 297A inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 3(3)(5) (with Sch. 16 para. 3(6), (7))

F67Word in s. 297A(1) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 9, 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(c)

F68Word in s. 297A(2) substituted (19.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 20(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 paras. 9, 20(2); S.I. 2012/1901, art. 2(c)

F69Words in s. 297A(4)(b)(i) substituted (1.12.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 7 para. 72; S.I. 2014/1640, art. 5(2)(cc)

298The qualifying subsidiaries requirementE+W+S+N.I.

Any subsidiary that the relevant company has must be a qualifying subsidiary of the company.

299The property managing subsidiaries requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any property managing subsidiary that the relevant company has must be a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the company.

(2)Property managing subsidiary” means a subsidiary of the relevant company whose business consists wholly or mainly in the holding or managing of land or any property deriving its value from land.

(3)In subsection (2) references to property deriving its value from land include—

(a)any shareholding in a company deriving its value directly or indirectly from land,

(b)any partnership interest deriving its value directly or indirectly from land,

(c)any interest in settled property deriving its value directly or indirectly from land, and

(d)any option, consent or embargo affecting the disposition of land.

[F70299AThe no disqualifying arrangements requirementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The relevant holding must not have been issued, nor any money raised by the issue employed, in consequence or anticipation of, or otherwise in connection with, disqualifying arrangements.

(2)Arrangements are “disqualifying arrangements” if—

(a)the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of the arrangements is to secure—

(i)that a qualifying activity is or will be carried on by the relevant company or a qualifying 90% subsidiary of that company, and

(ii)that shares or securities issued by the relevant company may be comprised in any company's qualifying holdings or that one or more persons may obtain relevant tax relief in respect of such shares which raise money for the purposes of that qualifying activity,

(b)that qualifying activity is the relevant qualifying activity by reference to which the requirement in section 293(1)(b) (money raised to be employed within two years for relevant qualifying activity) is met in relation to the relevant holding, and

(c)one or both of conditions A and B are met.

(3)Condition A is that, as a (direct or indirect) result of the money raised by the issue of the relevant holding being employed as required by section 293(1)(b), an amount representing the whole or the majority of the amount raised is, in the course of the arrangements, paid to or for the benefit of a relevant person or relevant persons.

(4)Condition B is that, in the absence of the arrangements, it would have been reasonable to expect that the whole or greater part of the component activities of the relevant qualifying activity would have been carried on as part of another business by a relevant person or relevant persons.

(5)For the purposes of this section it is immaterial whether the relevant company is a party to the arrangements.

(6)In this section—

  • component activities” means—

    (a)

    if the relevant qualifying activity is within section 291(2), the carrying on of a qualifying trade which constitutes that activity, and

    (b)

    if the relevant qualifying activity is within section 291(3), the preparations to carry on a qualifying trade which constitute that activity;

  • arrangements” includes any scheme, agreement, understanding, transaction or series of transactions (whether or not legally enforceable);

  • relevant person” means a person who is a party to the arrangements or a person connected with such a party;

  • qualifying activity” has the same meaning as in section 291;

  • “relevant tax relief”, in respect of shares, means one or more of the following—

    (a)

    relief under Chapter 6 of Part 4 (losses on disposal of shares) in respect of the shares;

    (b)

    EIS relief (within the meaning of Part 5) in respect of the shares;

    (c)

    SEIS relief (within the meaning of Part 5A) in respect of the shares;

    (d)

    relief under section 150A or 150E of TCGA 1992 (enterprise investment scheme and seed enterprise investment scheme) in respect of the shares;

    (e)

    relief under Schedule 5B to that Act in consequence of which deferral relief is attributable to the shares;

    (f)

    relief under Schedule 5BB to that Act (seed enterprise investment scheme: re-investment) in consequence of which SEIS re-investment relief is attributable to the shares (see paragraph 4 of that Schedule).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F70S. 299A inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 10

DefinitionsE+W+S+N.I.

300Meaning of “qualifying trade”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, a trade is a qualifying trade if—

(a)it is conducted on a commercial basis and with a view to the realisation of profits, and

(b)it does not consist wholly or as to a substantial part in the carrying on of excluded activities (see sections 303 to 310).

(2)The carrying on of any activities of research and development from which it is intended—

[F71(a)that a trade will be derived which will be a qualifying trade, or

(b)that a trade will benefit which is or will be a qualifying trade,]

is to be treated as the carrying on of a qualifying trade.

(3)But preparing to carry on such activities does not count as preparing to carry on a qualifying trade.

(4)References in this section to a trade are to be read without regard to the definition of “trade” in section 989.

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Amendments (Textual)

F71S. 300(2)(a)(b) substituted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(11); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

301Meaning of “qualifying 90% subsidiary”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, a company (“the subsidiary”) is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company at any time when the following conditions are met—

(a)the relevant company possesses at least 90% of the issued share capital of, and at least 90% of the voting power in, the subsidiary,

(b)the relevant company would—

(i)in the event of a winding up of the subsidiary, or

(ii)in any other circumstances,

be beneficially entitled to receive at least 90% of the assets of the subsidiary which would then be available for distribution to equity holders of the subsidiary,

(c)the relevant company is beneficially entitled to receive at least 90% of any profits of the subsidiary which are available for distribution to equity holders of the subsidiary,

(d)no person other than the relevant company has control of the subsidiary, and

(e)no arrangements are in existence by virtue of which any of the conditions in paragraphs (a) to (d) would cease to be met.

[F72(1A)For the purposes of this Chapter, a company (“company A”) which is a subsidiary of a company that is not the relevant company (“company B”) is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company if—

(a)company A would be a qualifying 90% subsidiary of company B (if company B were the relevant company), and company B is a qualifying 100% subsidiary of the relevant company, or

(b)company A is a qualifying 100% subsidiary of company B, and company B is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the relevant company.

(1B)For the purposes of subsection (1A), no account is to be taken of any control the relevant company may have of company A.

(1C)For those purposes, a company (“company X”) is a qualifying 100% subsidiary of another company (“company Y”) at any time when the conditions in subsection (1)(a) to (e) would be met if—

(a)company X were the subsidiary,

(b)company Y were the relevant company, and

(c)in subsection (1) for “at least 90%” in each place there were substituted “100%”.]

(2)Subsections (3), (4) and (5) of section 302 apply in relation to the conditions in subsection (1)—

(a)as they apply in relation to the conditions in subsection (2) of that section, but

(b)with the omission from subsection (5) of “or (as the case may be) by another subsidiary of that company”.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)the persons who are equity holders of the subsidiary, and

(b)the percentage of the assets of the subsidiary to which an equity holder would be entitled,

are to be determined in accordance with [F73 Chapter 6 of Part 5 of CTA 2010].

(4)In making that determination—

(a)references in [F74section 166 of that Act to company A] are to be read as references to an equity holder, and

(b)references in that [F75section] to a winding up are to be read as including references to any other circumstances in which assets of the subsidiary are available for distribution to its equity holders.

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Amendments (Textual)

F72S. 301(1A)-(1C) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 paras. 17, 18

F73Words in s. 301(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 504(a) (with Sch. 2)

F74Words in s. 301(4)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 504(b) (with Sch. 2)

F75Word in s. 301(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 504(c) (with Sch. 2)

302Meaning of “qualifying subsidiary”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, a company (“the subsidiary”) is a qualifying subsidiary of the relevant company if the following conditions are met.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)the subsidiary is a 51% subsidiary of the relevant company,

(b)no person other than the relevant company, or another of its subsidiaries, has control of the subsidiary, and

(c)no arrangements are in existence by virtue of which either of the conditions in paragraphs (a) and (b) would cease to be met.

(3)The conditions do not cease to be met merely because the subsidiary or any other company is wound up, if the winding up—

(a)is for genuine commercial reasons, and

(b)is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

(4)The conditions do not cease to be met merely because of anything done as a consequence of the subsidiary or any other company being in administration or receivership, if—

(a)the entry into administration or receivership, and

(b)everything done as a consequence of the company concerned being in administration or receivership,

is for genuine commercial reasons, and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

(5)The conditions do not cease to be met merely because arrangements are in existence for the disposal by the relevant company or (as the case may be) by another subsidiary of that company of all its interest in the subsidiary, if the disposal—

(a)is to be for genuine commercial reasons, and

(b)is not to be part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

[F76302AMeaning of “permanent establishment”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of this Chapter.

(2)A company has a “permanent establishment” in the United Kingdom if (and only if)—

(a)it has a fixed place of business there through which the business of the company is wholly or partly carried on, or

(b)an agent acting on behalf of the company has and habitually exercises there authority to enter into contracts on behalf of the company.

(3)For the purposes of this section “fixed place of business” includes (without prejudice to the generality of that expression)—

(a)a place of management,

(b)a branch,

(c)an office,

(d)a factory,

(e)a workshop,

(f)a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources, and

(g)a building site or construction or installation project.

(4)If the condition in subsection (5) is met, a company is not regarded as having a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom by reason of the fact that—

(a)a fixed place of business is maintained there for the purpose of carrying on activities for the company, or

(b)an agent carries on activities there for and on behalf of the company.

(5)The condition is that, in relation to the business of the company as a whole, the activities carried on are only of a preparatory or auxiliary character.

(6)For this purpose “activities of a preparatory or auxiliary character” include (without prejudice to the generality of that expression)—

(a)the use of facilities for the purpose of storage, display or delivery of goods or merchandise belonging to the company,

(b)the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the company for the purpose of storage, display or delivery,

(c)the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the company for the purpose of processing by another person, and

(d)purchasing goods or merchandise, or collecting information, for the company.

(7)A company is not regarded as having a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom by reason of the fact that it carries on business there through an agent of independent status (including a broker or a general commission agent) acting in the ordinary course of the agent's business.

(8)A company is not regarded as having a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom by reason of the fact that it controls a company that—

(a)is resident there, or

(b)carries on business there (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise).

(9)The Treasury may by regulations amend this section.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F76S. 302A inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(3), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(12); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

Excluded activitiesE+W+S+N.I.

303Meaning of “excluded activities”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following are excluded activities for the purposes of sections 290 and 300—

(a)dealing in land, in commodities or futures or in shares, securities or other financial instruments,

(b)dealing in goods otherwise than in the course of an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution,

(c)banking, insurance, money-lending, debt-factoring, hire-purchase financing or other financial activities,

(d)leasing (including letting ships on charter or other assets on hire),

(e)receiving royalties or licence fees,

(f)providing legal or accountancy services,

(g)property development,

(h)farming or market gardening,

(i)holding, managing or occupying woodlands, any other forestry activities or timber production,

[F77(ia)shipbuilding,

(ib)producing coal,

(ic)producing steel,]

(j)operating or managing hotels or comparable establishments or managing property used as an hotel or comparable establishment,

(k)operating or managing nursing homes or residential care homes or managing property used as a nursing home or residential care home, F78...

[F79(ka)the subsidised generation or export of electricity, F80...]

[F81(kb)the subsidised generation of heat or subsidised production of gas or fuel, and]

(l)any activities which are excluded activities under section 310 (provision of services or facilities for another business).

(2)Subsection (1) is supplemented by the following provisions—

(a)section 304 (wholesale and retail distribution),

(b)section 305 (leasing of ships),

(c)section 306 (receipt of royalties and licence fees),

(d)section 307 (property development),

[F82(da)section 307A (shipbuilding),

(db)section 307B (producing coal),

(dc)section 307C (producing steel),]

(e)section 308 (hotels and comparable establishments), F83...

(f)section 309 (nursing homes and residential care homes) [F84, F85...

(g)section 309A (subsidised generation or export of electricity)] [F86, and

(h)section 198B (subsidised generation of heat and subsidised production of gas or fuel)].

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Amendments (Textual)

F77S. 303(1)(ia)-(ic) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2008) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 11 paras. 8(a), 10 (with Sch. 11 paras. 12, 13)

F78Word in s. 303(1)(k) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 11(2)

F79S. 303(1)(ka) inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 11(2)

F80Word in s. 303(1)(ka) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(5)(a)

F81S. 303(1)(kb) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(5)(a)

F82S. 303(2)(da)-(dc) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2008) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 11 paras. 8(b), 10 (with Sch. 11 paras. 12, 13)

F83Word in s. 303(2)(e) omitted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 11(3)

F84S. 303(2)(g) and preceding word inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 11(3)

F85Word in s. 303(2)(f) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(5)(b)

F86S. 303(2)(h) and word inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(5)(b)

304Excluded activities: wholesale and retail distributionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(b).

(2)In this section—

(a)subsections (3) and (4) are for determining whether a trade is a trade of wholesale or retail distribution, and

(b)subsections (5) and (6) are for determining whether a trade of wholesale or retail distribution is an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution.

(3)A trade of wholesale distribution is one in which goods are offered for sale and sold to persons for resale by them, or for processing and resale by them, to members of the general public for their use or consumption.

(4)A trade of retail distribution is one in which goods are offered or exposed for sale and sold to members of the general public for their use or consumption.

(5)A trade of wholesale or retail distribution is not an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution if—

(a)it consists to a substantial extent—

(i)in dealing in goods of a kind which are collected or held as an investment, or

(ii)in that activity and any other excluded activity taken together, and

(b)a substantial proportion of those goods are held for a period which is significantly longer than the period for which the trader would reasonably be expected to hold them while trying to dispose of them at their market value.

(6)In determining whether a trade of wholesale or retail distribution is an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution regard is to be had to the extent to which it has the following features—

(a)the goods are bought by the trader in quantities larger than those in which the trader sells them,

(b)the goods are bought and sold by the trader in different markets,

(c)the trader employs staff and incurs expenses in the trade in addition to the cost of the goods and, in the case of a trade carried on by a company, in addition to any remuneration paid to any person connected with it,

(d)there are purchases or sales from or to persons who are connected with the trader,

(e)purchases are matched with forward sales or vice versa,

(f)the goods are held by the trader for longer than is normal for goods of the kind in question,

(g)the trade is carried on otherwise than at a place or places commonly used for wholesale or retail trade, and

(h)the trader does not take physical possession of the goods.

(7)In subsection (6)—

(a)the features in paragraphs (a) to (c) are regarded as indications that the trade is an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution, and

(b)those in paragraphs (d) to (h) are regarded as indications to the contrary.

305Excluded activities: leasing of shipsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(d) so far as it relates to the leasing of ships other than offshore installations or pleasure craft.

(2)In the following provisions “ship” accordingly means a ship other than an offshore installation or a pleasure craft.

(3)If the requirements of subsection (4) are met, a trade is not to be regarded as consisting in the carrying on of excluded activities within section 303(1)(d) as a result only of its consisting in letting ships on charter.

(4)The requirements of this subsection are that—

(a)every ship let on charter by the company carrying on the trade is beneficially owned by the company,

(b)every ship beneficially owned by the company is registered in the United Kingdom,

(c)the company is solely responsible for arranging the marketing of the services of its ships, and

(d)the conditions mentioned in subsection (5) are met in relation to every letting on charter by the company.

(5)The conditions referred to in subsection (4)(d) are—

(a)the letting is for a period not exceeding 12 months and no provision is made at any time (whether in the charterparty or otherwise) for extending it beyond that period otherwise than at the option of the charterer,

(b)no provision for the grant of a new letting to end more than 12 months after the provision is made (whether in the charterparty or otherwise) is in force during the period of the letting otherwise than at the option of the charterer,

(c)the letting is by way of a bargain at arm's length between the company and a person who is not connected with it,

(d)under the terms of the charter the company is responsible as principal—

(i)for taking, throughout the period of the charter, management decisions in relation to the ship, other than those of a kind generally regarded by persons engaged in trade of the kind in question as matters of husbandry, and

(ii)for defraying all expenses in connection with the ship throughout that period, or substantially all such expenses, other than those directly incidental to a particular voyage or to the employment of the ship during that period, and

(e)no arrangements exist by virtue of which a person other than the company may be appointed to be responsible for the matters mentioned in paragraph (d) on behalf of the company.

(6)If in the case of the company carrying on the trade (“the letting company”) the charterer is also a company and—

(a)the charterer is a qualifying subsidiary of the letting company, or

(b)the letting company is a qualifying subsidiary of the charterer, or

(c)both companies are qualifying subsidiaries of a third company,

subsection (5) has effect with the omission of paragraph (c).

(7)If any of the requirements of subsection (4) is not met in relation to any lettings of ships, the trade is not, as a result, to be treated as consisting in the carrying on of excluded activities if—

(a)those lettings, and

(b)any other excluded activities

do not, taken together, amount to a substantial part of the trade.

(8)In this section “pleasure craft” means any ship of a kind primarily used for sport or recreation.

306Excluded activities: receipt of royalties and licence feesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(e) (receipt of royalties and licence fees).

(2)If the requirement of subsection (3) is met, a trade is not to be regarded as consisting in the carrying on of excluded activities within section 303(1)(e) as a result only of its consisting to a substantial extent in the receiving of royalties or licence fees.

(3)The requirement of this subsection is that the royalties or licence fees (or all but for a part that is not a substantial part in terms of value) are attributable to the exploitation of relevant intangible assets.

(4)For this purpose an intangible asset is a “relevant intangible asset” if the whole or greater part (in terms of value) of it has been created—

[F87(a)by the relevant company, or]

[F87(b)by a company which was a qualifying subsidiary of the relevant company throughout a period during which it created the whole or greater part (in terms of value) of the intangible asset.]

(5)In the case of an intangible asset that is intellectual property, references to the creation of an asset by a company are to its creation in circumstances in which the right to exploit it vests in the company (whether alone or jointly with others).

(6)In this section—

  • F88...

  • intangible asset” means any asset which falls to be treated as an intangible asset in accordance with generally accepted accountancy practice, and

  • intellectual property” means—

    (a)

    any patent, trade mark, registered design, copyright, design right, performer's right or plant breeder's right, or

    (b)

    any rights under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom which correspond or are similar to those falling within paragraph (a).

[F89(7)If—

(a)the relevant company acquired all the shares (“old shares”) in another company (“the old company”) at a time when the only shares issued in the relevant company were subscriber shares, and

(b)the consideration for the old shares consisted wholly of the issue of shares in the relevant company,

references in subsection (4) to the relevant company include the old company.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F87S. 306(4)(a)(b) substituted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 paras. 12(2), 13

F88Words in s. 306(6) repealed (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 paras. 12(3), 13, Sch. 27 Pt. 2(16)

F89S. 306(7) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 paras. 12(4), 13

307Excluded activities: property developmentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(g).

(2)Property development” means the development of land—

(a)by a company which has, or at any time has had, an interest in the land, and

(b)with the sole or main object of realising a gain from the disposal of an interest in the land when it is developed.

(3)For this purpose “interest in land” means, subject to subsection (4)—

(a)any estate, interest or right in or over land, including any right affecting the use or disposition of land, or

(b)any right to obtain such an estate, interest or right from another which is conditional on the other's ability to grant it.

(4)References in this section to an interest in land do not include—

(a)the interest of a creditor (other than a creditor in respect of a rentcharge) whose debt is secured by way of mortgage, an agreement for a mortgage or a charge of any kind over land, or

(b)in the case of land in Scotland, the interest of a creditor in a charge or security of any kind over land.

[F90307AExcluded activities: shipbuildingE+W+S+N.I.

In section 303(1)(ia) “shipbuilding” has the same meaning as in the Framework on state aid to shipbuilding (2003/C 317/06), published in the Official Journal on 30 December 2003.

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Amendments (Textual)

F90Ss. 307A-307C inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2008) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 11 paras. 9, 10 (with Sch. 11 paras. 12, 13)

307BExcluded activities: producing coalE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(ib).

(2)Coal” has the meaning given by Article 2 of Council Regulation (EC) No. 1407/2002 (state aid to coal industry).

(3)The production of coal includes the extraction of it.

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Amendments (Textual)

F90Ss. 307A-307C inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2008) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 11 paras. 9, 10 (with Sch. 11 paras. 12, 13)

307CExcluded activities: producing steelE+W+S+N.I.

In section 303(1)(ic) “steel” means any of the steel products listed in Annex 1 to the Guidelines on national regional aid (2006/C 54/08), published in the Official Journal on 4 March 2006.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F90Ss. 307A-307C inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2008) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 11 paras. 9, 10 (with Sch. 11 paras. 12, 13)

308Excluded activities: hotels and comparable establishmentsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(j).

(2)The reference to a comparable establishment is to a guest house, hostel or other establishment the main purpose of maintaining which is the provision of facilities for overnight accommodation (with or without catering services).

(3)The activities of a person are not to be taken to fall within section 303(1)(j) unless that person has an estate or interest in, or is in occupation of, the hotel or comparable establishment in question.

309Excluded activities: nursing homes and residential care homesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(k).

(2)Nursing home” means any establishment which exists wholly or mainly for the provision of nursing care—

(a)for persons suffering from sickness, injury or infirmity, or

(b)for women who are pregnant or have given birth.

(3)Residential care home” means any establishment which exists wholly or mainly for the provision of residential accommodation, together with board and personal care, for persons in need of personal care because of—

(a)old age,

(b)mental or physical disability,

(c)past or present dependence on alcohol or drugs,

(d)any past illnesses, or

(e)past or present mental disorder.

(4)The activities of a person are not to be taken to fall within section 303(1)(k) unless that person has an estate or interest in, or is in occupation of, the nursing home or residential care home in question.

[F91309AExcluded activities: subsidised generation or export of electricityE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(ka).

(2)Electricity is exported if it is exported onto a distribution system or transmission system (within the meaning of section 4 of the Electricity Act 1989).

[F92(3)The generation of electricity is “subsidised” if—

(a)a person receives a FIT subsidy in respect of the electricity generated,

(b)a renewables obligation certificate is issued in connection with the generation of the electricity, or

(c)a scheme established in a territory outside the United Kingdom, and corresponding to that set out in a renewables obligation order under section 32 of the Electricity Act 1989, operates to incentivise the generation of the electricity.]

(4)The export of electricity is “subsidised” if a person receives a FIT subsidy in respect of the electricity exported.

(5)But the generation or export of electricity is not to be taken to fall within section 303(1)(ka) if Condition A, B or C is met.

(6)Condition A is that the generation or export is carried on by—

(a)a community interest company,

(b)a co-operative society,

(c)a community benefit society, F93...

(d)a NI industrial and provident society [F94, or

(e)an SCE formed in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 1435/2003 on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society.]

(7)Condition B is that the plant used to generate the electricity relies wholly or mainly on anaerobic digestion.

(8)Condition C is that the electricity is hydroelectric power.

(9)For the purposes of this section—

  • anaerobic digestion” means the bacterial fermentation of organic material in the absence of free oxygen (excluding anaerobic digestion of sewage or material in a landfill);

  • [F95“community benefit society” means—

    (a)

    a society registered as a community benefit society under the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014, or

    (b)

    a pre-commencement society (within the meaning of that Act) that meets the condition in section 2(2)(a)(ii) of that Act;]

  • [F95“co-operative society” means—

    (a)

    a society registered as a co-operative society under the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014, or

    (b)

    a pre-commencement society (within the meaning of that Act) that meets the condition in section 2(2)(a)(i) of that Act;]

  • FIT subsidy” means—

    (a)

    a financial incentive under a scheme established by virtue of section 41 of the Energy Act 2008 (powers to amend licence conditions etc: feed-in tariffs) to encourage small-scale low-carbon generation of electricity, or

    (b)

    a financial incentive under a similar scheme established in a territory outside the United Kingdom to encourage small-scale low-carbon generation of electricity;

  • NI industrial and provident society” means a society registered under the Industrial and Provident Societies Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (c. 24 (N.I.));

  • small-scale low-carbon generation” has the meaning given by section 41(4) of the Energy Act 2008.

  • [F96renewables obligation certificate” means a certificate issued under section 32B of the Electricity Act 1989 or Article 54 of the Energy (Northern Ireland) Order 2003.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

F91S. 309A inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 12

F92S. 309A(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(6)(a)

F93Word in s. 309A(6) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(6)(b)

F94S. 309A(6)(e) and word inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(6)(b)

F96Words in s. 309A(9) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(6)(c)

[F97309BExcluded activities: subsidised generation of heat and subsidised production of gas or fuelE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section supplements section 303(1)(kb).

(2)The generation of heat, or production of gas or fuel, is “subsidised” if a payment is made, or another incentive is given, under—

(a)a scheme established by regulations under section 100 of the Energy Act 2008 or section 113 of the Energy Act 2011 (renewable heat incentives), or

(b)a similar scheme established in a territory outside the United Kingdom,

in respect of the heat generated or gas or fuel produced.

(3)But the generation of heat, or production of gas or fuel, is not to be taken to fall within section 303(1)(kb) if Condition A or B is met.

(4)Condition A is that the generation or production is carried on by—

(a)a community interest company,

(b)a co-operative society,

(c)a community benefit society,

(d)a NI industrial and provident society, or

(e)an SCE formed in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 1435/2003 on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society.

(5)Condition B is that the plant used for the generation of the heat, or production of the gas or fuel, relies wholly or mainly on anaerobic digestion.

(6)Section 309A(9) (definitions) applies for the purposes of this section as for the purposes of section 309A.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F97S. 309B inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 56(9) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), s. 56(7)

310Excluded activities: provision of services or facilities for another businessE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Providing services or facilities for a business carried on by another person (other than a company of which the provider of the services or facilities is a qualifying subsidiary) is an excluded activity if—

(a)the business consists wholly or as to a substantial part of activities falling within any of paragraphs (a) to [F98(ka)] of section 303(1), and

(b)a controlling interest in the business is held by a person who also has a controlling interest in the business carried on by the provider of the services or facilities.

(2)Subsections (3) to (5) explain what is meant by a controlling interest in a business for the purposes of subsection (1)(b).

(3)In the case of a business carried on by a company, a person (“A”) has a controlling interest in the business if—

(a)A controls the company,

(b)the company is a close company and A or an associate of A, being a director of the company, either—

(i)is the beneficial owner of more than 30% of the ordinary share capital of the company, or

(ii)is able, directly or through the medium of other companies or by any other indirect means, to control more than 30% of that share capital, or

(c)at least half the business could, in accordance with [F99section 942 of CTA 2010 (options for purposes of ownership condition)], be regarded as belonging to A for the purposes of [F99section 941 of that Act (trade transfers without change of ownership: ownership condition)].

(4)In any other case, a person has a controlling interest in a business if the person is entitled to at least half the assets used for, or of the income arising from, the business.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)any rights or powers of a person who is an associate of another are to be attributed to that other person, and

(b)business” includes any trade, profession or vocation.

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Amendments (Textual)

F98Word in s. 310(1)(a) substituted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 22 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 13

F99Words in s. 310(3)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 505 (with Sch. 2)

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

311Power to amend ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

[F100(1)]The Treasury may by order amend this Chapter—

(a)to make such modifications of sections 290, 291, 298 and 300, sections 303 to 310 and section 313(3) as they consider appropriate, and

(b)to substitute different sums for the sums of money for the time being specified in sections 287(2) and 297.

[F101(2)An order under this section may—

(a)make different provision for different cases or purposes, or

(b)include such transitional provision as the Treasury consider appropriate.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F100S. 311(1) renumbered (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 14

F101S. 311(2) inserted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 14

312Winding up of the relevant companyE+W+S+N.I.

None of the requirements of this Chapter is to be regarded, at a time when the relevant company is being wound up, as being, on that account, a requirement that is not met in relation to that company if—

(a)the requirements of this Chapter would be met in relation to that company apart from the winding up, and

(b)the winding up is for genuine commercial reasons, and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

[F102312APower to require information relating to disqualifying arrangementsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsection (2) applies if an officer of Revenue and Customs has reason to believe that the relevant company has issued the relevant holding to the investing company in consequence of or, or otherwise in connection with, disqualifying arrangements (within the meaning of section 299A(2)).

(2)The officer may by notice require any person concerned to supply the officer within such time as may be specified in the notice with—

(a)a declaration in writing stating whether or not, according to the information which that person has or can reasonably obtain, such arrangements exist or have existed, and

(b)such other information as the officer may reasonably require for the purposes of section 299A and as that person has or can reasonably obtain.

(3)The period specified in a notice under subsection (2) must be at least 60 days.

(4)A “person concerned” means—

(a)the relevant company,

(b)the investing company,

(c)any person connected with either of those companies, and

(d)any person whom the officer has reason to believe is or was a party to the arrangements in question.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F102S. 312A inserted (17.7.2012) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 19 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 15

313Interpretation of ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Chapter —

  • the investing company” has the meaning given by section 286(1),

  • the relevant company” has the meaning given by section 286(1), and

  • the relevant holding” has the meaning given by section 286(1).

(2)References in this Chapter to the issue of any securities, in relation to any security consisting in a liability in respect of an unsecured loan, have effect as references to the making of the loan.

(3)References in sections 303 to 309 to a trade are to be read without regard to the definition of “trade” in section 989 (see also section 300(4)).

(4)For the purposes of sections 296 and 310(3) and (4), the question whether a person controls a company is to be determined in accordance with [F103sections 450 and 451 of CTA 2010] with the modification given by subsection (6).

(5)For the purposes of this Chapter [F104(other than section 312A)], section 993 (meaning of “connected persons”) applies as if references to “control” in that section were to be read in accordance with [F105sections 450 and 451 of CTA 2010] with the modification given by subsection (6).

(6)The modification is that, in determining whether a person controls a company, the following are to be ignored—

(a)any person's possession of, or entitlement to acquire, fixed-rate preference shares in the company that do not carry voting rights, F106...

(b)any person's possession of, or entitlement to acquire, rights as a loan creditor of the company[F107, and

(c)any right to dividends carried by shares in the company where the shares—

(i)are eligible shares, and

(ii)are held by the investing company.]

(7)In subsection (6) “fixed-rate preference shares” means shares which—

(a)were issued wholly for new consideration,

(b)do not carry any right either to conversion into shares or securities of any other description or to the acquisition of any additional shares or securities, and

(c)do not carry any right to dividends other than dividends which—

(i)are of a fixed amount or at a fixed rate per cent of the nominal value of the shares, and

(ii)together with any sum paid on redemption, represent no more than a reasonable commercial return on the consideration for which the shares were issued,

and in paragraph (a) “new consideration” has the meaning given by [F108section 1115 of CTA 2010].

[F109(8)In subsection (6) “eligible shares” has the same meaning as in Chapter 3 (see section 285(3A) and (3B)).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F103Words in s. 313(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 506(a) (with Sch. 2)

F104Words in s. 313(5) inserted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 8 para. 16

F105Words in s. 313(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 506(b) (with Sch. 2)

F106Word in s. 313(6)(a) omitted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(4), 8 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(13)(a); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F107S. 313(6)(c) and word inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(4), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(13)(a); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

F108Words in s. 313(7) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 506(c) (with Sch. 2)

F109S. 313(8) inserted (6.4.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 paras. 7(4), 8 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 2 para. 2(13)(b); S.I. 2011/662, art. 2

Chapter 5E+W+S+N.I.Powers: winding up and mergers of VCTs

Winding upE+W+S+N.I.

314Power to treat VCT-in-liquidation as VCTE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision for tax enactments specified by the regulations to have effect as if—

(a)a VCT-in-liquidation that is not a VCT were, or were during any prescribed period of its winding up, a VCT,

(b)VCT approval withdrawn from a company—

(i)at any time during the period when it is a VCT-in-liquidation, or

(ii)at any time during a prescribed part of that period,

were withdrawn at a prescribed time (and not at the time when it is actually withdrawn).

(2)In this section “prescribed” means specified by, or determined under, regulations.

315Power to treat conditions for VCT approval as met with respect to VCT-in-liquidationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision for conditions mentioned in section 274(2) (conditions for approval as a VCT) to be treated for the purposes of section 274(1) as met, or as conditions that will be met, with respect to a VCT-in-liquidation.

(2)Provision under subsection (1) may be made so as to apply in relation to a VCT-in-liquidation—

(a)throughout its winding up, or

(b)during prescribed periods of its winding up.

(3)Regulations may, for purposes of tax enactments specified by the regulations, make provision for VCT approval to be treated as having been withdrawn, with effect from a time specified by or determined under the regulations, from a VCT-in-liquidation from which the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs would have power to withdraw such approval but for provision made under subsection (1).

316Power to make provision about distributions by VCT-in-liquidationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision for tax enactments specified by the regulations—

(a)to apply in relation to distributions from a VCT-in-liquidation (including, in particular, distributions in the course of dissolving it or winding it up),

(b)not to apply in relation to such distributions,

(c)to apply in relation to such distributions with modifications specified by the regulations.

(2)Provision under subsection (1) may be made so as to apply in relation to distributions from a VCT-in-liquidation made—

(a)at any time during its winding up, or

(b)during periods of its winding up specified by, or determined under, regulations.

317Power to facilitate disposal to VCT by VCT-in-liquidationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision authorised by subsection (2) for cases where shares in or securities of a company are acquired by a VCT from a VCT-in-liquidation.

(2)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) for such a case is—

(a)provision for conditions mentioned in section 274(2) (conditions for approval as a VCT) to be treated for the purposes of section 274(1) as met, or as conditions that will be met, with respect to the VCT in relation to periods ending after the acquisition,

(b)provision for the shares or securities acquired to be treated, at times after the acquisition when they are held by the VCT, as meeting the requirements of Chapter 4 (provisions for determining whether shares or securities form part of qualifying holdings), and

(c)provision for shares in the VCT issued in connection with the acquisition of the shares or securities from the VCT-in-liquidation and either—

(i)issued to a person who is a member of the VCT-in-liquidation, or

(ii)issued to the VCT-in-liquidation and distributed by it in the course of its winding up or dissolution to a person who is one of its members,

to be treated, for the purposes of Schedule 5C to TCGA 1992 (VCTs: deferred charge on re-investment), as representing shares in the VCT-in-liquidation held by that person.

(3)Provision under subsection (1) may be made so as to apply in relation to shares or securities acquired from a VCT-in-liquidation—

(a)at any time during its winding up, or

(b)during periods of its winding up specified by, or determined under, regulations.

(4)In this section “securities” means any securities and includes any liability that is a security in relation to a company because of section 285(2) (securities).

318Power in respect of periods before and after winding upE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any power under sections 314 to 317 to make provision in relation to a VCT-in-liquidation includes power to make corresponding or similar provision in relation to—

(a)a company for whose winding up an application has been made to a court and which is not a VCT-in-liquidation but would be if, at the time that the application was made, the court had ordered the company's winding up to commence at that time, or

(b)a company that has been a VCT-in-liquidation but no longer is a VCT-in-liquidation because it has been wound up.

(2)For the purposes of making provision in reliance on subsection (1), references in sections 314 to 317 (however expressed) to a VCT-in-liquidation's winding up, or the commencement or ending of its winding up, may be taken to be references to, or to the commencement or ending of, the extension period for a company to which subsection (1) applies.

(3)In this section—

  • “the extension period”—

    (a)

    in relation to a company to which subsection (1)(a) applies, means the period beginning with the making of the application and ending with the earlier of its final determination and the company becoming a company that is being wound up, and

    (b)

    in relation to a company to which subsection (1)(b) applies, means the period between the end of the company's winding up and the company's dissolution, and

  • prescribed” means specified by, or determined under, regulations.

319Sections 314 to 318: supplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Provision made by regulations under sections 314 to 318 applies in cases, and subject to conditions, specified by regulations.

(2)Such provision may (but need not) be made so as to have effect in a particular case only for such period as may be specified by, or determined under, regulations.

(3)References in sections 314 to 318 to things done by a VCT-in-liquidation include things done by a liquidator of a VCT-in-liquidation.

320Meaning of “VCT-in-liquidation”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Chapter “VCT-in-liquidation” means a company—

(a)that is being wound up (whether or not under the law of a part of the United Kingdom and whether under the law of one, or more than one, territory),

(b)that was a VCT immediately before the commencement of its winding up, and

(c)whose winding up is for genuine commercial reasons and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

(2)Regulations may, for purposes of this Chapter, make provision as to when a company's winding up is to be treated as commencing or ending in a case where it is wound up otherwise than under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or otherwise than under the law of a single territory.

MergersE+W+S+N.I.

321Power to facilitate mergers of VCTsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision authorised by section 322 for cases where—

(a)there is a merger of two or more companies each of which is a VCT immediately before the merger begins to be effected, and

(b)the merger is for genuine commercial reasons and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax.

(2)Provision made by regulations under subsection (1) applies—

(a)in cases, and

(b)subject to conditions (including conditions requiring approvals to be obtained),

specified by the regulations.

322Provision that may be made by regulations under section 321E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The provision that may be made under section 321(1) for a case where there is a merger of two or more companies (“the merging companies”) is as follows.

(2)Provision for the successor company, or any of the merging companies, to be treated (whether at times before, during or after the merger) as a VCT for purposes of tax enactments specified by regulations.

(3)Provision for section 266 (loss of relief on disposal of VCT shares within 5 years of their issue) not to apply in the case of disposals of shares in a merging company made in the course of effecting the merger.

(4)Provision for such disposals not to be chargeable events for the purposes of Schedule 5C to TCGA 1992 (VCTs: deferred charge on re-investment).

(5)Provision for conditions mentioned in section 274(2) (conditions for approval as a VCT) to be treated (whether at times before, during or after the merger) for purposes of section 274(1) as met, or as conditions that will be met, with respect to the successor company or any of the merging companies.

[F110(5A)Provision for section 281(1)(f) (withdrawal of VCT approval where company has made a repayment of share capital etc) not to apply, or to apply subject to modifications, to the successor company or any of the merging companies, in relation to payments made, or amounts used to pay up new shares, in connection with or after the merger.]

(6)Provision for shares in or securities of a company that are acquired (whether at times before, during or after the merger) by the successor company from a merging company to be treated, at times after the acquisition when they are held by the successor company, as meeting requirements of Chapter 4 (provisions for determining whether shares or securities held by a VCT form part of its qualifying holdings).

(7)Provision for tax enactments specified by regulations to apply, with or without adaptations, in relation to the merger or transactions taking place (whether before, during or after the merger) in connection with the merger.

(8)Provision authorising disclosure for tax purposes connected with the merger—

(a)by Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs,

(b)to any of the merging companies or the successor company,

(c)of any information provided to Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs by or on behalf of any of the merging companies or the successor company.

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Amendments (Textual)

323Meaning of “merger” and “successor company”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter there is a merger of two or more companies (“the merging companies”) if—

(a)shares in one of the merging companies (“company A”) are issued to members of the other merging company or companies, and

(b)the shares issued to members of the other merging company or, in the case of each of the other merging companies, the shares issued to members of that other company, are issued—

(i)in exchange for their shares in that other company, or

(ii)by way of consideration for a transfer to company A of the whole or part of the business of that other company.

(2)For the purposes of this Chapter there is also a merger of two or more companies (“the merging companies”) if—

(a)shares in a company (“company B”) that is not one of the merging companies are issued to members of the merging companies, and

(b)in the case of each of the merging companies, the shares issued to members of that company are issued—

(i)in exchange for their shares in that company, or

(ii)by way of consideration for a transfer to company B of the whole or part of the business of that company.

(3)In this Chapter “the successor company”—

(a)in relation to a merger such as is described in subsection (1), means the company that performs the role of company A, and

(b)in relation to a merger such as is described in subsection (2), means the company that performs the role of company B.

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

324Regulations under ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Regulations under this Chapter may—

(a)contain such administrative provisions (including provision for advance clearance and provision for the withdrawal of clearances) as appear to the Treasury to be necessary or appropriate,

(b)authorise the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs to give notice to any person requiring that person to provide such information, specified in the notice, as they may reasonably require in order to determine whether any conditions imposed by regulations under this Chapter are met,

(c)make different provision for different cases,

(d)contain incidental, supplemental, consequential and transitional provision and savings, and

(e)include provision having retrospective effect.

(2)Without prejudice to any specific provision of this Chapter, a power conferred by any provision of this Chapter to make regulations includes power to provide for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs to exercise a discretion in dealing with any matter.

325Interpretation of ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

In this Chapter—

  • regulations” means regulations made by the Treasury, and

  • tax enactments” means provisions of or made under—

    (a)

    the Tax Acts,

    (b)

    TCGA 1992 or any other enactment relating to capital gains tax, or

    (c)

    TMA 1970.

Chapter 6E+W+S+N.I.Supplementary and general

Acquisitions for restructuring purposesE+W+S+N.I.

326Restructuring to which section 327 appliesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 327 applies if—

(a)arrangements are made for a company (“the new company”) to acquire all the shares (“old shares”) in another company (“the old company”),

(b)the acquisition provided for by the arrangements falls within subsection (2), and

(c)the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs have, before any exchange of shares takes place under the arrangements, given an approval notification.

(2)An acquisition of shares falls within this subsection if—

(a)the consideration for the old shares consists wholly of the issue of shares (“new shares”) in the new company,

(b)new shares are issued in consideration of old shares only at times when there are no issued shares in the new company other than subscriber shares and new shares previously issued in consideration of old shares,

(c)the consideration for new shares of each description consists wholly of old shares of the corresponding description, and

(d)new shares of each description are issued to the holders of old shares of the corresponding description in respect of, and in proportion to, their holdings.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) an approval notification is one which, on the application of either the old company or the new company, is given to the applicant company and states that the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs are satisfied that the exchange of shares under the arrangements—

(a)will be effected for genuine commercial reasons, and

(b)will not form part of any such scheme or arrangements as are mentioned in section 137(1) of TCGA 1992 (schemes with avoidance purposes).

(4)Nothing in section 327 treats any of the requirements of Chapter 4 as being met in relation to any new shares unless the matching old shares were first issued to the company holding them and have been held by that company from the time when they were issued until they are acquired by the new company.

(5)If, at any time after the arrangements first came into existence and before the new company acquired all the old shares, the arrangements—

(a)cease to be arrangements for the acquisition of all the old shares by the new company, or

(b)cease to be arrangements for an acquisition falling within subsection (2),

section 327 does not treat any requirement of Chapter 4 as being met, and subsection (8) of that section does not apply, in the case of any new shares at any time after the arrangements have so ceased.

327Certain requirements of Chapter 4 to be treated as metE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If this section applies, subsections (2) to (8) have effect to determine the extent to which, and the times for which, the requirements of the following provisions of Chapter 4 are met in relation to the new shares—

  • section 287 (the maximum qualifying investment requirement),

  • section 289 (the proportion of eligible shares requirement),

  • section 290 (the trading requirement),

  • section 291 (the carrying on of a qualifying activity requirement),

  • section 293 (the use of the money raised requirement),

  • section 294 (the relevant company to carry on the relevant qualifying activity requirement),

  • section 296 (the control and independence requirement), F111...

  • section 297 (the gross assets requirement)[F112, and

  • section 297A (the number of employees requirement). ]

(2)If the requirements of sections 290 and 291 were met in relation to the old company and any old shares immediately before the beginning of the period for giving effect to the arrangements, then (so far as it would not otherwise be the case) those requirements are treated as being met in relation to the new company and the matching new shares at all times which—

(a)fall in that period, and

(b)do not fall after a time when (apart from the arrangements) those requirements would have ceased by virtue of—

(i)section 291(4) or (5), or

(ii)any cessation of a trade by any company,

to be met in relation to the old company and the matching old shares.

(3)For the purposes of section 291, the period of two years mentioned in subsection (4) of that section is treated, in the case of any new shares, as expiring at the same time as it would have expired (or by virtue of this subsection would have been treated as expiring) in the case of the matching old shares.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), if—

(a)there is an exchange under the arrangements of any new shares for any old shares, and

(b)those old shares are shares in relation to which the requirements of sections 293, 294[F113, 297 and 297A] were (or were treated as being) met to any extent immediately before the exchange,

those requirements are to be treated, at all times after that time, as met to the same extent in relation to the matching new shares.

(5)If there is a time following any exchange under the arrangements of any new shares for any old shares when (apart from the arrangements) the requirement of section 293 would have ceased under—

(a)subsection (1) of that section, or

(b)this subsection,

to be met in relation to those old shares, that requirement ceases at that time to be met in relation to the matching new shares.

(6)For the purposes of section 287, any new shares acquired under the arrangements are to be treated as representing an investment which—

(a)raised the same amount of money as was raised (or, by virtue of this subsection, is treated as having been raised) by the issue of the matching old shares, and

(b)raised that amount by an issue of shares in the new company made at the time when the issue of the matching old shares took place (or, as the case may be, is treated as having taken place).

(7)In determining whether the requirements of section 296 are met in relation to the old company or the new company at a time in the period for giving effect to the arrangements, ignore both—

(a)the arrangements themselves, and

(b)any exchange of new shares for old shares that has already taken place under the arrangements.

(8)For the purposes of section 289, the value of the new shares, both—

(a)immediately after the time of their acquisition, and

(b)immediately after the time of any subsequent relevant event occurring by virtue of the arrangements,

is to be taken to be the same as the value, when last valued in accordance with that section, of the old shares for which they are exchanged.

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Amendments (Textual)

F111Word in s. 327(1) repealed (19.7.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 27 Pt. 2(16)

F112Words in s. 327(1) inserted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 3(4)(a), (5) (with Sch. 16 para. 3(6)(7))

F113Words in s. 327(4)(b) substituted (retrospective to 6.4.2007) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), Sch. 16 para. 3(4)(b)(5) (with Sch. 16 para. 3(6)(7))

328SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to subsection (2), references in sections 326 and 327 and this section, except in the expression “subscriber shares”, to shares in a company include references to any securities of that company.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) a relevant security of the old company is not to be treated as a security of the old company if—

(a)the arrangements do not provide for the acquisition of the security by the new company, or

(b)such treatment prevents section 326(1)(b) from being met in connection with the arrangements.

(3)In subsection (2) “relevant security” means an instrument which is a security for the purposes of Chapter 4 merely because of section 285(2).

(4)References in section 327 to the period for giving effect to the arrangements are references to the period which—

(a)begins with the time when the arrangements first came into existence, and

(b)ends with the time when the new company completes its acquisition under the arrangements of all the old shares.

(5)For the purposes of sections 326 and 327 and this section—

(a)old shares and new shares are of a corresponding description if, were they shares in the same company, they would be of the same description, and

(b)old shares and new shares are matching shares in relation to each other if the old shares are the shares for which the new shares are exchanged under the arrangements.

Conversion of shares etc and company reorganisationsE+W+S+N.I.

329Conversion of convertible shares and securitiesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)shares have been issued to a company (“the investing company”) by the exercise by it of any right of conversion attached to other shares or securities held by it (“the convertibles”),

(b)the shares so issued are in the same company as the convertibles to which the right was attached,

(c)the convertibles to which the right was attached were first issued to the investing company and were held by it from the time they were issued until converted, and

(d)the right was attached to the convertibles when they were first so issued and was not varied before it was exercised.

(2)If this section applies, subsections (3) and (4) have effect to determine the extent to which, and the times for which, the requirements of the following provisions of Chapter 4 are met in relation to the shares issued to the investing company by the exercise by it of the right of conversion—

  • section 287 (the maximum qualifying investment requirement),

  • section 289 (the proportion of eligible shares requirement),

  • section 291 (the carrying on of a qualifying activity requirement),

  • section 293 (the use of the money raised requirement),

  • section 294 (the relevant company to carry on the relevant qualifying activity requirement), and

  • section 297 (the gross assets requirement).

(3)Subsections (3) to (6) of section 327 apply in relation to the exchange of convertibles for shares by virtue of the exercise of the right of conversion as if—

(a)that exchange were an exchange, under any arrangements to which that section applies, of new shares for old shares, and

(b)the references in those subsections and section 328(5)(b) to the arrangements were references to the provision conferring the right of conversion.

(4)For the purposes of section 289 the value of the new shares immediately after the time of their acquisition by the investing company is to be taken as the same as the value, when last valued in accordance with that section, of the convertibles for which they are exchanged.

330Power to facilitate company reorganisations etc involving exchange of sharesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for cases where—

(a)a holding of shares or securities that meets the requirements of Chapter 4 is exchanged for other shares or securities,

(b)the exchange is made for genuine commercial reasons and does not form part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which is the avoidance of tax, and

(c)the new shares or securities do not meet some or all of the requirements of Chapter 4,

providing that the new shares or securities are to be treated as meeting those requirements.

(2)The references in subsection (1) to an exchange of shares or securities include any form of company reorganisation or other arrangement which involves a holder of shares in or securities of a company receiving other shares or securities—

(a)whether the original shares or securities are transferred, cancelled or retained, and

(b)whether the new shares or securities are in or of the same or another company.

(3)The regulations must specify—

(a)the cases in which, and conditions subject to which, they apply,

(b)which requirements of Chapter 4 are to be treated as met, and

(c)the period for which those requirements are to be treated as met.

(4)The regulations may contain such administrative provisions (including provision for advance clearances) as appear to the Treasury to be necessary or appropriate.

F114(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)Regulations under this section —

(a)may make different provision for different cases,

(b)may contain incidental, supplemental, consequential and transitional provision and savings, and

(c)may include provision having retrospective effect.

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Amendments (Textual)

[F115NomineesE+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F115S. 330A and cross-heading inserted (17.7.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 10 para. 5

330ANomineesE+W+S+N.I.

Shares subscribed for, issued to, held by or disposed of for an individual by a nominee are treated for the purposes of this Part as subscribed for, issued to, held by or disposed of by the individual.]

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

331Meaning of a company being “in administration” or “in receivership”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)References in this Part to a company being “in administration” or “in receivership” are to be read as follows.

(2)A company is “in administration” if—

(a)it is in administration within the meaning of Schedule B1 to the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45) or Schedule B1 to the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(b)there is in force in relation to it under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom any appointment corresponding to an appointment of an administrator under either of those Schedules.

(3)A company is “in receivership” if there is in force in relation to it—

(a)an order for the appointment of an administrative receiver, a receiver and manager or a receiver under Chapter 1 or 2 of Part 3 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or Part 4 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, or

(b)any corresponding order under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

332Minor definitions etcE+W+S+N.I.

In this Part—

  • associate” has the meaning given by section 253,

  • company” includes any body corporate or unincorporated association but does not include a partnership, and is to be read in accordance with section 99 of TCGA 1992 (unit trust schemes),

  • “director” is read in accordance with [F116section 452 of CTA 2010],

  • group” means a parent company and its qualifying subsidiaries,

  • group company”, in relation to a group, means the parent company or any of its qualifying subsidiaries,

  • ordinary shares” means shares forming part of a company's ordinary share capital,

  • parent company” means a company that has one or more qualifying subsidiaries and “single company” means a company that does not,

  • research and development” has the meaning given by section 1006, and

  • shares” includes stock.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F116Words in s. 332 substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 507 (with Sch. 2)

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