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Section 97

SCHEDULE 24E+W+S+N.I.Penalties for errors

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Sch. 24 modified (8.4.2010) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), Sch. 1 para. 37

C6Sch. 24 applied (with modifications) (19.4.2013) by The Small Charitable Donations Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/938), regs. 1, 15

Part 1E+W+S+N.I.Liability for penalty

Error in taxpayer's documentE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)A penalty is payable by a person (P) where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)P gives HMRC a document of a kind listed in the Table below, and

(b)Conditions 1 and 2 are satisfied.

(2)Condition 1 is that the document contains an inaccuracy which amounts to, or leads to—

(a)an understatement of [F1a] liability to tax,

(b)a false or inflated statement of a loss F2..., or

(c)a false or inflated claim to repayment of tax.

(3)Condition 2 is that the inaccuracy was [F3careless (within the meaning of paragraph 3) or deliberate on P’s part].

(4)Where a document contains more than one inaccuracy, a penalty is payable for each inaccuracy.

[F4(5)In relation to a return under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975 [F5or a statement or declaration under paragraph 13A of that Schedule], references in this Schedule to P include any person who, after the giving of the return for a taxable field (within the meaning of that Act), becomes the responsible person for the field (within the meaning of that Act).]

TaxDocument
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn under section 8 of TMA 1970 (personal return).
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn under section 8A of TMA 1970 (trustee's return).
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim for an allowance, deduction or relief.
Income tax or capital gains taxAccounts in connection with ascertaining liability to tax.
Income tax or capital gains taxPartnership return.
Income tax or capital gains taxStatement or declaration in connection with a partnership return.
Income tax or capital gains taxAccounts in connection with a partnership return.
[F6Income tax Return under section 254 of FA 2004.]
Income taxReturn for the purposes of PAYE regulations.
Construction industry deductionsReturn for the purposes of regulations under section 70(1)(a) of FA 2004 in connection with deductions on account of tax under the Construction Industry Scheme.
Corporation taxCompany tax return under paragraph 3 of Schedule 18 to FA 1998.
Corporation taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim for an allowance, deduction or relief.
Corporation taxAccounts in connection with ascertaining liability to tax.
VATVAT return under regulations made under paragraph 2 of Schedule 11 to VATA 1994.
VATReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim.
[F7Insurance premium tax Return under regulations under section 54 of FA 1994.
Insurance premium taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim.
Inheritance taxAccount under section 216 or 217 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxInformation or document under regulations under section 256 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxStatement or declaration in connection with a deduction, exemption or relief.
Stamp duty land taxReturn under section 76 of FA 2003.
Stamp duty reserve taxReturn under regulations under section 98 of FA 1986.
[F8Annual tax on enveloped dwellings Annual tax on enveloped dwellings return.]
[F8Annual tax on enveloped dwellings Return of adjusted chargeable amount.]
Petroleum revenue taxReturn under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
[F9Petroleum revenue tax Statement or declaration in connection with a claim under paragraph 13A of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.]
Petroleum revenue taxStatement or declaration in connection with a claim under Schedule 5, 6, 7 or 8 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
Petroleum revenue taxStatement under section 1(1)(a) of the Petroleum Revenue Tax Act 1980.
Aggregates levyReturn under regulations under section 25 of FA 2001.
Climate change levyReturn under regulations under paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000.
Landfill taxReturn under regulations under section 49 of FA 1996.
Air passenger dutyReturn under section 38 of FA 1994.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesReturn under regulations under section 13, 49, 56 or 62 of the Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim for repayment of duty under section 4(4) of FA 1995.
Tobacco products dutyReturn under regulations under section 7 of the Tobacco Products Duties Act 1979.
Hydrocarbon oil dutiesReturn under regulations under section 21 of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 93 of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 100G or 100H of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim.
General betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2 of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Pool betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2A of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Bingo dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3 to BGDA 1981.
Lottery dutyReturn under regulations under section 28(2) of FA 1993.
Gaming dutyReturn under directions under paragraph 10 of Schedule 1 to FA 1997.
Remote gaming dutyReturn under regulations under section 26K of BGDA 1981.]
[F10Machine games duty Return under regulations under paragraph 18 of Schedule 24 to FA 2012]
[F11Any of the taxes mentioned above ]

Any document which is likely to be relied upon by HMRC to determine, without further inquiry, a question about—

(a)

P's liability to tax,

(b)

payments by P by way of or in connection with tax,

(c)

any other payment by P (including penalties), or

(d)

repayments, or any other kind of payment or credit, to P.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Word in Sch. 24 para. 1(2) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F2Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(2) omitted (1.4.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F3Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F4Sch. 24 para. 1(5) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(7); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F5Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(5) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 28(2) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 12 para. 12(3)

F6Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3-5 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F7Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3-5 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F8Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (17.7.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 34 para. 6

F9Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 28(2) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 12 para. 12(2)

F10Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 24 para. 66(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 24 para. 29

F11Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(6); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 24 para. 1 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F12Error in taxpayer's document attributable to another personE+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F12Sch. 24 para. 1A and cross-heading inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 3; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

1A(1)A penalty is payable by a person (T) where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)another person (P) gives HMRC a document of a kind listed in the Table in paragraph 1,

(b)the document contains a relevant inaccuracy, and

(c)the inaccuracy was attributable to T deliberately supplying false information to P (whether directly or indirectly), or to T deliberately withholding information from P, with the intention of the document containing the inaccuracy.

(2)A “relevant inaccuracy” is an inaccuracy which amounts to, or leads to—

(a)an understatement of a liability to tax,

(b)a false or inflated statement of a loss, or

(c)a false or inflated claim to repayment of tax.

(3)A penalty is payable under this paragraph in respect of an inaccuracy whether or not P is liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 in respect of the same inaccuracy.]

Under-assessment by HMRCE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)A penalty is payable by a person (P) where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)an assessment issued to P by HMRC understates P's liability to [F13a relevant tax], and

(b)P has failed to take reasonable steps to notify HMRC, within the period of 30 days beginning with the date of the assessment, that it is an under-assessment.

(2)In deciding what steps (if any) were reasonable HMRC must consider—

(a)whether P knew, or should have known, about the under-assessment, and

(b)what steps would have been reasonable to take to notify HMRC.

[F14(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “relevant tax” means any tax mentioned in the Table in paragraph 1.]

[F15(4)In this paragraph (and in Part 2 of this Schedule so far as relating to this paragraph)—

(a)assessment” includes determination, and

(b)accordingly, references to an under-assessment include an under-determination.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F13Words in Sch. 24 para. 2(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 4(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F14Sch. 24 para. 2(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 4(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F15Sch. 24 para. 2(4) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 2

Commencement Information

I2Sch. 24 para. 2 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Degrees of culpabilityE+W+S+N.I.

3(1)[F16For the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1, inaccuracy in] a document given by P to HMRC is—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)“careless” if the inaccuracy is due to failure by P to take reasonable care,

(b)“deliberate but not concealed” if the inaccuracy is deliberate [F17on P's part] but P does not make arrangements to conceal it, and

(c)“deliberate and concealed” if the inaccuracy is deliberate [F17on P's part] and P makes arrangements to conceal it (for example, by submitting false evidence in support of an inaccurate figure).

(2)An inaccuracy in a document given by P to HMRC, which was neither careless nor deliberate [F18on P's part] when the document was given, is to be treated as careless if P—

(a)discovered the inaccuracy at some later time, and

(b)did not take reasonable steps to inform HMRC.

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Amendments (Textual)

F16Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F17Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F18Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(2) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 24 para. 3 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 2E+W+S+N.I.Amount of penalty

Standard amountE+W+S+N.I.

[F194(1)This paragraph sets out the penalty payable under paragraph 1.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)If the inaccuracy is in category 1, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 30% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 70% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 100% of the potential lost revenue.

(3)If the inaccuracy is in category 2, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 45% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 105% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 150% of the potential lost revenue.

(4)If the inaccuracy is in category 3, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 60% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 140% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 200% of the potential lost revenue.

(5)Paragraph 4A explains the 3 categories of inaccuracy.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4A(1)An inaccuracy is in category 1 if—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)it involves a domestic matter, or

(b)it involves an offshore matter and—

(i)the territory in question is a category 1 territory, or

(ii)the tax at stake is a tax other than income tax or capital gains tax.

(2)An inaccuracy is in category 2 if—

(a)it involves an offshore matter,

(b)the territory in question is a category 2 territory, and

(c)the tax at stake is income tax or capital gains tax.

(3)An inaccuracy is in category 3 if—

(a)it involves an offshore matter,

(b)the territory in question is a category 3 territory, and

(c)the tax at stake is income tax or capital gains tax.

(4)An inaccuracy “involves an offshore matter” if it results in a potential loss of revenue that is charged on or by reference to—

(a)income arising from a source in a territory outside the UK,

(b)assets situated or held in a territory outside the UK,

(c)activities carried on wholly or mainly in a territory outside the UK, or

(d)anything having effect as if it were income, assets or activities of a kind described above.

(5)An inaccuracy “involves a domestic matter” if it results in a potential loss of revenue that is charged on or by reference to anything not mentioned in sub-paragraph (4)(a) to (d).

(6)If a single inaccuracy is in more than one category (each referred to as a “relevant category”)—

(a)it is to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as if it were separate inaccuracies, one in each relevant category according to the matters that it involves, and

(b)the potential lost revenue is to be calculated separately in respect of each separate inaccuracy.

(7)“Category 1 territory”, “category 2 territory” and “category 3 territory” are defined in paragraph 21A.

(8)Assets” has the meaning given in section 21(1) of TCGA 1992, but also includes sterling.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4BThe penalty payable under paragraph 1A is 100% of the potential lost revenue.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4CThe penalty payable under paragraph 2 is 30% of the potential lost revenue.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4DParagraphs 5 to 8 define “potential lost revenue”.]E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: normal ruleE+W+S+N.I.

5(1)“The potential lost revenue” in respect of an inaccuracy in a document [F20(including an inaccuracy attributable to a supply of false information or withholding of information)] or a failure to notify an under-assessment is the additional amount due or payable in respect of tax as a result of correcting the inaccuracy or assessment.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The reference in sub-paragraph (1) to the additional amount due or payable includes a reference to—

(a)an amount payable to HMRC having been erroneously paid by way of repayment of tax, and

(b)an amount which would have been repayable by HMRC had the inaccuracy or assessment not been corrected.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “tax” includes national insurance contributions.

(4)The following shall be ignored in calculating potential lost revenue under this paragraph—

(a)group relief, and

[F21(b)any relief under [F22section 458 of CTA 2010] (relief in respect of repayment etc of loan) which is deferred under [F23subsection (5)] of that section;]

(but this sub-paragraph does not prevent a penalty being charged in respect of an inaccurate claim for relief).

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Amendments (Textual)

F20Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 7; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F21Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 3

F22Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 575(a) (with Sch. 2)

F23Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 575(b) (with Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I4Sch. 24 para. 5 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: multiple errorsE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)Where P is liable to a penalty [F24under paragraph 1] in respect of more than one inaccuracy, and the calculation of potential lost revenue under paragraph 5 in respect of each inaccuracy depends on the order in which they are corrected—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)careless inaccuracies shall be taken to be corrected before deliberate inaccuracies, and

(b)deliberate but not concealed inaccuracies shall be taken to be corrected before deliberate and concealed inaccuracies.

(2)In calculating potential lost revenue where P is liable to a penalty [F25under paragraph 1] in respect of one or more understatements in one or more documents relating to a tax period, account shall be taken of any overstatement in any document given by P which relates to the same tax period.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)understatement” means an inaccuracy that satisfies Condition 1 of paragraph 1, and

(b)overstatement” means an inaccuracy that does not satisfy that condition.

(4)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) overstatements shall be set against understatements in the following order—

(a)understatements in respect of which P is not liable to a penalty,

(b)careless understatements,

(c)deliberate but not concealed understatements, and

(d)deliberate and concealed understatements.

(5)In calculating [F26for the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1] potential lost revenue in respect of a document given by or on behalf of P no account shall be taken of the fact that a potential loss of revenue from P is or may be balanced by a potential over-payment by another person (except to the extent that an enactment requires or permits a person's tax liability to be adjusted by reference to P's).

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Amendments (Textual)

F24Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F25Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(2) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F26Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(5) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I5Sch. 24 para. 6 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: lossesE+W+S+N.I.

7(1)Where an inaccuracy has the result that a loss is wrongly recorded for purposes of direct tax and the loss has been wholly used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, the potential lost revenue is calculated in accordance with paragraph 5.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)Where an inaccuracy has the result that a loss is wrongly recorded for purposes of direct tax and the loss has not been wholly used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, the potential lost revenue is—

(a)the potential lost revenue calculated in accordance with paragraph 5 in respect of any part of the loss that has been used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, plus

(b)10% of any part that has not.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) apply both—

(a)to a case where no loss would have been recorded but for the inaccuracy, and

(b)to a case where a loss of a different amount would have been recorded (but in that case sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) apply only to the difference between the amount recorded and the true amount).

(4)Where an inaccuracy has the effect of creating or increasing an aggregate loss recorded for a group of companies—

(a)the potential lost revenue shall be calculated in accordance with this paragraph, and

(b)in applying paragraph 5 in accordance with sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) above, group relief may be taken into account (despite paragraph 5(4)(a)).

(5)The potential lost revenue in respect of a loss is nil where, because of the nature of the loss or P's circumstances, there is no reasonable prospect of the loss being used to support a claim to reduce a tax liability (of any person).

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Commencement Information

I6Sch. 24 para. 7 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: delayed taxE+W+S+N.I.

8(1)Where an inaccuracy resulted in an amount of tax being declared later than it should have been (“the delayed tax”), the potential lost revenue is—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)5% of the delayed tax for each year of the delay, or

(b)a percentage of the delayed tax, for each separate period of delay of less than a year, equating to 5% per year.

(2)This paragraph does not apply to a case to which paragraph 7 applies.

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Commencement Information

I7Sch. 24 para. 8 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Reductions for disclosureE+W+S+N.I.

9[F27(A1)Paragraph 10 provides for reductions in penalties under paragraphs 1, 1A and 2 where a person discloses an inaccuracy, a supply of false information or withholding of information, or a failure to disclose an under-assessment.]E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person discloses an inaccuracy[F28, a supply of false information or withholding of information,] or a failure to disclose an under-assessment by—

(a)telling HMRC about it,

(b)giving HMRC reasonable help in quantifying the inaccuracy[F29, the inaccuracy attributable to the [F30supply of false information] or withholding of information, or the] under-assessment, and

(c)allowing HMRC access to records for the purpose of ensuring that the inaccuracy[F31, the inaccuracy attributable to the [F32supply of false information] or withholding of information, or the] under-assessment is fully corrected.

(2)Disclosure—

(a)is “unprompted” if made at a time when the person making it has no reason to believe that HMRC have discovered or are about to discover the inaccuracy[F33, the supply of false information or withholding of information, or the under-assessment], and

(b)otherwise, is “prompted”.

(3)In relation to disclosure “quality” includes timing, nature and extent.

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Amendments (Textual)

F27Sch. 24 para. 9(A1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F28Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(3)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F29Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(b) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(3)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F30Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(b) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 4

F31Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(c) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(3)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F32Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(c) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 4

F33Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(2)(a) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I8Sch. 24 para. 9 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F3410(1)If a person who would otherwise be liable to a penalty of a percentage shown in column 1 of the Table (a “standard percentage”) has made a disclosure, HMRC must reduce the standard percentage to one that reflects the quality of the disclosure.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)But the standard percentage may not be reduced to a percentage that is below the minimum shown for it—

(a)in the case of a prompted disclosure, in column 2 of the Table, and

(b)in the case of an unprompted disclosure, in column 3 of the Table.

Standard % Minimum % for prompted disclosureMinimum % for unprompted disclosure
30%15%0%
45%22.5%0%
60%30%0%
70%35%20%
105%52.5%30%
140%70%40%
100%50%30%
150%75%45%
200%100%60%]
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Amendments (Textual)

F34Sch. 24 para. 10 and table substituted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 3; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

Special reductionE+W+S+N.I.

11(1)If they think it right because of special circumstances, HMRC may reduce a penalty under paragraph 1[F35, 1A] or 2.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) “special circumstances” does not include—

(a)ability to pay, or

(b)the fact that a potential loss of revenue from one taxpayer is balanced by a potential over-payment by another.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) the reference to reducing a penalty includes a reference to—

(a)staying a penalty, and

(b)agreeing a compromise in relation to proceedings for a penalty.

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Amendments (Textual)

F35Word in Sch. 24 para. 11(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 10; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I9Sch. 24 para. 11 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Interaction with other penalties [F36and late payment surcharges] E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F36Words in Sch. 24 para. 12 cross-heading inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 11(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

12(1)The final entry in the Table in paragraph 1 excludes a document in respect of which a penalty is payable under section 98 of TMA 1970 (special returns).E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The amount of a penalty for which P is liable under paragraph 1 or 2 in respect of a document relating to a tax period shall be reduced by the amount of any other penalty [F37incurred by P, or any surcharge for late payment of tax imposed on P, if the amount of the penalty or surcharge is determined by reference to the same tax liability.]

(3)In the application of section 97A of TMA 1970 (multiple penalties) no account shall be taken of a penalty under paragraph 1 or 2.

[F38(4)Where penalties are imposed under paragraphs 1 and 1A in respect of the same inaccuracy, the aggregate of the amounts of the penalties must not exceed the relevant percentage of the potential lost revenue.

(5)The relevant percentage is—

(a)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 1, 100%,

(b)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 2, 150%, and

(c)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 3, 200%.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F37Words in Sch. 24 para. 12(2) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 11(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F38Sch. 24 para. 12(4)(5) substituted for Sch. 24 para. 12(4) (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 4; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

Commencement Information

I10Sch. 24 para. 12 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 3E+W+S+N.I.Procedure

AssessmentE+W+S+N.I.

13(1)[F39Where a person] becomes liable for a penalty under paragraph 1[F40, 1A] or 2 HMRC shall—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)assess the penalty,

(b)[F41notify the person], and

(c)state in the notice a tax period in respect of which the penalty is assessed [F42(subject to sub-paragraph (1ZB))].

[F43(1ZA)Sub-paragraph (1ZB) applies where—

(a)a person is at any time liable for two or more penalties relating to PAYE returns, or for two or more penalties relating to CIS returns, and

(b)the penalties (“the relevant penalties”) are assessed in respect of more than one tax period (“the relevant tax periods”).

(1ZB)A notice under sub-paragraph (1) in respect of any of the relevant penalties may, instead of stating the tax period in respect of which the penalty is assessed, state the tax year or the part of a tax year to which the penalty relates.

(1ZC)For that purpose, a relevant penalty relates to the tax year or the part of a tax year in which the relevant tax periods fall.

(1ZD)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1ZA)—

  • a PAYE return” means a return for the purposes of PAYE regulations;

  • a CIS return” means a return for the purposes of regulations under section 70(1)(a) of FA 2004 in connection with deductions on account of tax under the Construction Industry Scheme.]

[F44(1A)A penalty under paragraph 1, 1A or 2 must be paid before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which notification of the penalty is issued.]

(2)An assessment—

(a)shall be treated for procedural purposes in the same way as an assessment to tax (except in respect of a matter expressly provided for by this Act),

(b)may be enforced as if it were an assessment to tax, and

(c)may be combined with an assessment to tax.

(3)An assessment of a penalty under paragraph 1 [F45 or 1A] must be made [F46before the end of the] period of 12 months beginning with—

(a)the end of the appeal period for the decision correcting the inaccuracy, or

(b)if there is no assessment [F47to the tax concerned] within paragraph (a), the date on which the inaccuracy is corrected.

(4)An assessment of a penalty under paragraph 2 must be made [F48before the end of the period of 12 months beginning with—

(a)the end of the appeal period for the assessment of tax which corrected the understatement, or

(b)if there is no assessment within paragraph (a), the date on which the understatement is corrected.]

(5)For the purpose of sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) a reference to an appeal period is a reference to the period during which—

(a)an appeal could be brought, or

(b)an appeal that has been brought has not been determined or withdrawn.

(6)Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) and (4), a supplementary assessment may be made in respect of a penalty if an earlier assessment operated by reference to an underestimate of potential lost revenue.

[F49(7)In this Part of this Schedule references to an assessment to tax, in relation to inheritance tax and stamp duty reserve tax, are to a determination.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F39Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F40Word in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F41Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F42Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 50 para. 16(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 50 para. 1(2)

F43Sch. 24 para. 13(1ZA)-(1ZD) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 50 para. 16(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 50 para. 1(3)

F44Sch. 24 para. 13(1A) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F45Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F46Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F47Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F48Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(4) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F49Sch. 24 para. 13(7) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 5

Commencement Information

I11Sch. 24 para. 13 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

SuspensionE+W+S+N.I.

14(1)HMRC may suspend all or part of a penalty for a careless inaccuracy under paragraph 1 by notice in writing to P.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)A notice must specify—

(a)what part of the penalty is to be suspended,

(b)a period of suspension not exceeding two years, and

(c)conditions of suspension to be complied with by P.

(3)HMRC may suspend all or part of a penalty only if compliance with a condition of suspension would help P to avoid becoming liable to further penalties under paragraph 1 for careless inaccuracy.

(4)A condition of suspension may specify—

(a)action to be taken, and

(b)a period within which it must be taken.

(5)On the expiry of the period of suspension—

(a)if P satisfies HMRC that the conditions of suspension have been complied with, the suspended penalty or part is cancelled, and

(b)otherwise, the suspended penalty or part becomes payable.

(6)If, during the period of suspension of all or part of a penalty under paragraph 1, P becomes liable for another penalty under that paragraph, the suspended penalty or part becomes payable.

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Commencement Information

I12Sch. 24 para. 14 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

AppealE+W+S+N.I.

15(1)[F50A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC that a penalty is payable [F51by the person].E+W+S+N.I.

(2)[F50A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC as to the amount of a penalty payable [F51by the person].

(3)[F50A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC not to suspend a penalty payable [F51by the person].

(4)[F50A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC setting conditions of suspension of a penalty payable [F51by the person].

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Amendments (Textual)

F50Words in Sch. 24 para. 15 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 13(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F51Words in Sch. 24 para. 15 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 13(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 24 para. 15 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F5216(1)An appeal under this Part of this Schedule shall be treated in the same way as an appeal against an assessment to the tax concerned (including by the application of any provision about bringing the appeal by notice to HMRC, about HMRC review of the decision or about determination of the appeal by the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal).E+W+S+N.I.

(2)[F53Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply—

(a)so as to require P to pay a penalty before an appeal against the assessment of the penalty is determined, or

(b)in respect of any other matter expressly provided for by this Act.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

F53Sch. 24 para. 16(2) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 6

17(1)On an appeal under paragraph 15(1) the F54... tribunal may affirm or cancel HMRC's decision.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)On an appeal under paragraph 15(2) the F55... tribunal may—

(a)affirm HMRC's decision, or

(b)substitute for HMRC's decision another decision that HMRC had power to make.

(3)If the F56... tribunal substitutes its decision for HMRC's, the F56... tribunal may rely on paragraph 11—

(a)to the same extent as HMRC (which may mean applying the same percentage reduction as HMRC to a different starting point), or

(b)to a different extent, but only if the F56... tribunal thinks that HMRC's decision in respect of the application of paragraph 11 was flawed.

(4)On an appeal under paragraph 15(3)—

(a)the F57... tribunal may order HMRC to suspend the penalty only if it thinks that HMRC's decision not to suspend was flawed, and

(b)if the F58... tribunal orders HMRC to suspend the penalty—

(i)P may appeal F59... against a provision of the notice of suspension, and

(ii)the F60... tribunal may order HMRC to amend the notice.

(5)On an appeal under paragraph 15(4) the F61... tribunal—

(a)may affirm the conditions of suspension, or

(b)may vary the conditions of suspension, but only if the F61... tribunal thinks that HMRC's decision in respect of the conditions was flawed.

[F62(5A)In this paragraph “tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal (as appropriate by virtue of paragraph 16(1)).]

(6)In sub-paragraphs (3)(b), (4)(a) and (5)(b) “flawed” means flawed when considered in the light of the principles applicable in proceedings for judicial review.

(7)Paragraph 14 (see in particular paragraph 14(3)) is subject to the possibility of an order under this paragraph.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I14Sch. 24 para. 17 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 4E+W+S+N.I.Miscellaneous

AgencyE+W+S+N.I.

18(1)P is liable under paragraph 1(1)(a) where a document which contains a careless inaccuracy (within the meaning of paragraph 3) is given to HMRC on P's behalf.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In paragraph 2(1)(b) and (2)(a) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

(3)Despite sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), P is not liable to a penalty [F63under paragraph 1 or 2] in respect of anything done or omitted by P's agent where P satisfies HMRC that P took reasonable care to avoid inaccuracy (in relation to paragraph 1) or unreasonable failure (in relation to paragraph 2).

(4)In paragraph 3(1)(a) (whether in its application to a document given by P or, by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) above, in its application to a document given on P's behalf) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

(5)In paragraph 3(2) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

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Amendments (Textual)

F63Words in Sch. 24 para. 18(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 15; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 24 para. 18 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Companies: officers' liabilityE+W+S+N.I.

19(1)Where a penalty under paragraph 1 is payable by a company for a deliberate inaccuracy which was attributable to an officer [F64of the company, the officer is liable to pay such portion of the penalty (which may be 100%) as HMRC] may specify by written notice to the officer. E+W+S+N.I.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not allow HMRC to recover more than 100% of a penalty.

(3)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) to a body corporate [F65other than a limited liability partnership]officer” means—

(a)a director (including a shadow director within the meaning of section 251 of the Companies Act 2006 (c. 46)), F66...

[F67(aa)a manager, and]

(b)a secretary.

[F68(3A)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) to a limited liability partnership, “officer” means a member.]

(4)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) in any other case “officer” means—

(a)a director,

(b)a manager,

(c)a secretary, and

(d)any other person managing or purporting to manage any of the company's affairs.

[F69(5)Where HMRC have specified a portion of a penalty in a notice given to an officer under sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)paragraph 11 applies to the specified portion as to a penalty,

(b)the officer must pay the specified portion before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which the notice is given,

(c)paragraph 13(2), (3) and (5) apply as if the notice were an assessment of a penalty,

(d)a further notice may be given in respect of a portion of any additional amount assessed in a supplementary assessment in respect of the penalty under paragraph 13(6),

(e)paragraphs 15(1) and (2), 16 and 17(1) to (3) and (6) apply as if HMRC had decided that a penalty of the amount of the specified portion is payable by the officer, and

(f)paragraph 21 applies as if the officer were liable to a penalty.]

[F70(6)In this paragraph “company” means any body corporate or unincorporated association, but does not include a partnership, a local authority or a local authority association.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F64Words in Sch. 24 para. 19(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 16(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F65Words in Sch. 24 para. 19(3) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(a)

F66Word in Sch. 24 para. 19(3)(a) omitted (21.7.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(b)

F67Sch. 24 para. 19(3)(aa) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(c)

F68Sch. 24 para. 19(3A) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(3)

F69Sch. 24 para. 19(5) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 16(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F70Sch. 24 para. 19(6) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(4)

Commencement Information

I16Sch. 24 para. 19 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

PartnershipsE+W+S+N.I.

20(1)This paragraph applies where P is liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 for an inaccuracy in or in connection with a partnership return.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)Where the inaccuracy affects the amount of tax due or payable by a partner of P, the partner is also liable to a penalty (“a partner's penalty”).

(3)Paragraphs 4 to 13 and 19 shall apply in relation to a partner's penalty (for which purpose a reference to P shall be taken as a reference to the partner).

(4)Potential lost revenue shall be calculated separately for the purpose of P's penalty and any partner's penalty, by reference to the proportions of any tax liability that would be borne by each partner.

(5)Paragraph 14 shall apply jointly to P's penalty and any partner's penalties.

(6)P may bring an appeal under paragraph 15 in respect of a partner's penalty (in addition to any appeal that P may bring in connection with the penalty for which P is liable).

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Commencement Information

I17Sch. 24 para. 20 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Double jeopardyE+W+S+N.I.

21[F71A person is] not liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 [F72, 1A] or 2 in respect of an inaccuracy or failure in respect of which [F73the person has] been convicted of an offence.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F71Words in Sch. 24 para. 21 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F72Word in Sch. 24 para. 21 inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F73Words in Sch. 24 para. 21 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I18Sch. 24 para. 21 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 5E+W+S+N.I.General

[F74Classification of territoriesE+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F74Sch. 24 paras. 21A, 21B and cross-headings inserted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 5; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

21A(1)A category 1 territory is a territory designated as a category 1 territory by order made by the Treasury.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)A category 2 territory is a territory that is neither—

(a)a category 1 territory, nor

(b)a category 3 territory.

(3)A category 3 territory is a territory designated as a category 3 territory by order made by the Treasury.

(4)In considering how to classify a territory for the purposes of this paragraph, the Treasury must have regard to—

(a)the existence of any arrangements between the UK and that territory for the exchange of information for tax enforcement purposes,

(b)the quality of any such arrangements (in particular, whether they provide for information to be exchanged automatically or on request), F75...

(c)the benefit that the UK would be likely to obtain from receiving information from that territory, were such arrangements to exist with it.

[F76(d)the existence of any other arrangements between the UK and that territory for co-operation in the area of taxation, and

(e)the quality of any such other arrangements (in particular, the extent to which the co-operation provided for in them assists or is likely to assist in the protection of revenue raised from taxation in the UK).]

(5)An order under this paragraph is to be made by statutory instrument.

(6)Subject to sub-paragraph (7), an instrument containing an order under this paragraph is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.

(7)If the order is—

(a)the first order to be made under sub-paragraph (1), or

(b)the first order to be made under sub-paragraph (3),

it may not be made unless a draft of the instrument containing it has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, the House of Commons.

(8)An order under this paragraph does not apply to inaccuracies in a document given to HMRC (or, in a case within paragraph 3(2), inaccuracies discovered by P) before the date on which the order comes into force.

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Amendments (Textual)

F75Word in Sch. 24 para. 21A(4)(b) omitted (17.7.2012) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), s. 219(a)

F76Sch. 24 para. 21A(4)(d)(e) inserted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), s. 219(b)

Location of assets etcE+W+S+N.I.

21B(1)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for determining for the purposes of paragraph 4A where—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a source of income is located,

(b)an asset is situated or held, or

(c)activities are wholly or mainly carried on.

(2)Different provision may be made for different cases and for income tax and capital gains tax.

(3)Regulations under this paragraph are to be made by statutory instrument.

(4)An instrument containing regulations under this paragraph is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.]

InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

22Paragraphs 23 to [F7727] apply for the construction of this Schedule.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F77Word in Sch. 24 para. 22 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 18; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I19Sch. 24 para. 22 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

23HMRC means Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs.E+W+S+N.I.

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Commencement Information

I20Sch. 24 para. 23 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F7823A“Tax”, without more, includes duty.]E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F78Sch. 24 para. 23A inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 19; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

[F7923B“UK” means the United Kingdom, including the territorial sea of the United Kingdom.]E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F79Sch. 24 para. 23B inserted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 6; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

24An expression used in relation to income tax has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Acts.E+W+S+N.I.

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Commencement Information

I21Sch. 24 para. 24 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

25An expression used in relation to corporation tax has the same meaning as in the Corporation Tax Acts.E+W+S+N.I.

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Commencement Information

I22Sch. 24 para. 25 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

26An expression used in relation to capital gains tax has the same meaning as in the enactments relating to that tax.E+W+S+N.I.

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Commencement Information

I23Sch. 24 para. 26 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

27An expression used in relation to VAT has the same meaning as in VATA 1994.E+W+S+N.I.

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Commencement Information

I24Sch. 24 para. 27 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

28In this Schedule—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a reference to corporation tax includes a reference to tax or duty which by virtue of an enactment is assessable or chargeable as if it were corporation tax,

(b)a reference to tax includes a reference to construction industry deductions under Chapter 3 of Part 3 of FA 2004,

(c)direct tax” means—

(i)income tax,

(ii)capital gains tax, F80...

(iii)corporation tax, [F81and

(iv)petroleum revenue tax,]

(d)a reference to understating liability to VAT includes a reference to overstating entitlement to a VAT credit,

F82(da). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)a reference to a loss includes a reference to a charge, expense, deficit and any other amount which may be available for, or relied on to claim, a deduction or relief,

(f)a reference to repayment of tax includes a reference to allowing a credit [F83against tax or to a payment of a corporation tax credit],

[F84(fa)corporation tax credit” means—

(i)an R&D tax credit under [F85Chapter 2 or 7 of Part 13 of CTA 2009],

[F86(ia)an R&D expenditure credit under Chapter 6A of Part 3 of CTA 2009,]

(ii)a land remediation tax credit or life assurance company tax credit under [F87Chapter 3 or 4 respectively of Part 14 of CTA 2009],

F88(iii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(iv)a film tax credit under [F89Chapter 3 of Part 15 of CTA 2009], F90...

[F91(iva)a television tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15A of that Act,

(ivb)a video game tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15B of that Act, or]

(v)a first-year tax credit under Schedule A1 to CAA 2001,]

(g)tax period” means a tax year, accounting period or other period in respect of which tax is charged,

(h)a reference to giving a document to HMRC includes a reference to communicating information to HMRC in any form and by any method (whether by post, fax, email, telephone or otherwise),

(i)a reference to giving a document to HMRC includes a reference to making a statement or declaration in a document,

(j)a reference to making a return or doing anything in relation to a return includes a reference to amending a return or doing anything in relation to an amended return, and

(k)a reference to action includes a reference to omission.

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Amendments (Textual)

F80Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(c) omitted (1.4.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F81Sch. 24 para. 28(c)(iv) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F82Sch. 24 para. 28(da) omitted (21.7.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 8

F83Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(f) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F84Sch. 24 para. 28(fa) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F85Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(a) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F86Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ia) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 15 para. 27 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 15 para. 8

F87Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ii) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(b) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F88Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iii) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by virtue of Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(c) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F89Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iv) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(d) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F90Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iv) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 18 para. 23 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 18 paras. 7, 22; S.I. 2013/1817, art. 2(2)

F91Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iva)(ivb) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 18 para. 23 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 18 paras. 7, 22; S.I. 2013/1817, art. 2(2)

Commencement Information

I25Sch. 24 para. 28 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Consequential amendmentsE+W+S+N.I.

29The following provisions are omitted—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)sections 95, 95A, 97 and 98A(4) of TMA 1970 (incorrect returns and accounts),

(b)sections 100A(1) and 103(2) of TMA 1970 (deceased persons),

(c)in Schedule 18 to FA 1998 (company tax returns), paragraphs 20 and 89 (company tax returns), and

(d)sections 60, 61, 63 and 64 of VATA 1994 (evasion).

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Commencement Information

I26Sch. 24 para. 29 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4)

30In [F92paragraphs 7 and 7B] of Schedule 1 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4) (penalties) a reference to a provision of TMA 1970 shall be construed as a reference to this Schedule so far as is necessary to preserve its effect.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F92Words in Sch. 24 para. 30 substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 9

Commencement Information

I27Sch. 24 para. 30 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

31In [F93paragraphs 7 and 7B] of Schedule 1 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7) (penalties) a reference to a provision of TMA 1970 shall be construed as a reference to this Schedule so far as is necessary to preserve its effect.E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F93Words in Sch. 24 para. 31 substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 9

Commencement Information

I28Sch. 24 para. 31 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

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