Work and Families Act 2006
2006 CHAPTER 18
1.These explanatory notes relate to the Work and Families Act 2006 which received Royal Assent on 21 June 2006. They have been prepared by the Department of Trade and Industry and the Department for Work and Pensions in order to assist the reader in understanding the Act. They do not form part of the Act and have not been endorsed by Parliament.
2.The notes need to be read in conjunction with the Act. They are not, and are not meant to be, a comprehensive description of the Act. So where a section or part of a section does not seem to require any explanation or comment, none is given.
3.The Act’s main purposes are to:
extend the maximum period that may be prescribed in regulations as the period for which statutory maternity pay, maternity allowance and statutory adoption pay are payable from 26 weeks to 52 weeks;
introduce a new scheme that will provide certain employees (generally fathers) with a new entitlement to take leave to care for a child and a new entitlement to receive pay while they are on leave, if certain conditions are met;
widen the scope of the existing law on flexible working to enable more people with caring responsibilities to request to work flexibly;
provide a new power to increase on one occasion the maximum amount of a week’s pay which may be taken into account in the calculation of certain payments (for example, redundancy payments);
provide a new power to make provision about annual leave.
4.In December 2004, alongside the Pre-Budget Report, the Government published the document, “Choice for parents, the best start for children: a ten year strategy for childcare”. This set out key principles informing Government policy in the area of work and families: to ensure every child gets the best start in life and to give parents more choice enabling them to balance their work and family responsibilities. It included the Government’s plans to improve the availability, quality and affordability of childcare as well as a number of commitments and goals to improve entitlements for employees with caring responsibilities. On 28th February 2005, the Department of Trade and Industry published a consultation document, “Work and Families: Choice and Flexibility” (available at: www.dti.gov.uk/employment/workandfamilies/work-families-history/index.html), asking for views on how the Government should meet some of the goals and commitments set out in the Ten Year Childcare Strategy. The consultation closed on 25th May 2005 and the Department of Trade and Industry subsequently published the Government’s response to the consultation in October 2005 (available at: www.dti.gov.uk/employment/workandfamilies/work-families-history/index.html).
5.The Government gave a commitment in its 2005 election manifesto to raise the weekly limit used in calculating redundancy payments.
6.The Government proposed in its 2005 election manifesto to make paid leave for bank and public holidays additional to the 4 week statutory annual leave entitlement. This right would be on a pro rata basis for those working part-time. A consultation document ‘‘Increasing the Holiday Entitlement: An Initial Consultation’’ (available at: www.dti.gov.uk/employment/holidays/index.html) was launched on 13 June 2006 (closing date 22 September 2006) and a more detailed Regulatory Impact Assessment will be produced before any regulations are made.
7.The Act extends to Great Britain, and the provisions mentioned in section 20(3) also extend to Northern Ireland.
Commentary on Sections
Section 1: Maternity pay period
8.Statutory maternity pay is paid to women who satisfy certain conditions. To qualify, a woman must have been employed by her employer for a continuous period of at least 26 weeks ending with the week (“the qualifying week”) immediately preceding the 14th week before the expected week of her confinement. In addition, her normal weekly earnings for the period of 8 weeks ending with the qualifying week must be equal to or more than the lower earnings limit for National Insurance contributions. Statutory maternity pay is paid and administered by employers who recover most of the cost of the payments by deductions from National Insurance, PAYE tax and certain other payments due to HM Revenue and Customs.
9.Maternity allowance is paid to certain women who do not qualify for statutory maternity pay, in particular to the self-employed and to certain recently employed women. To qualify a woman must have been employed or self-employed in at least 26 of the 66 weeks ending with the week before the expected week of confinement. She must also meet an earnings condition in respect of 13 weeks falling within the 66 week period. Maternity allowance is paid directly to women by the Department for Work and Pensions and is administered by the Department.
10.The maximum period that may be prescribed in regulations as the period for which statutory maternity pay is payable is 26 weeks (see section 165(1) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, as amended by section 18 of the Employment Act 2002). The period currently prescribed is a maximum period of 26 weeks. Maternity allowance is payable for the same period (see section 35(2) of the 1992 Act).
11.Section 1 extends the maximum period that may be prescribed to 52 weeks. The intention is to prescribe, in regulations, a period of 39 weeks for women expecting babies on or after 1st April 2007. The extension to 39 weeks is a step towards the Government’s goal of one year’s maternity pay.
Section 2: Adoption pay period
12.Statutory adoption pay is available to an employee with whom a child is (or is expected to be) placed for adoption and who satisfies certain conditions relating to duration of employment and earnings. Statutory adoption pay, like statutory maternity pay, is paid by employers who recover most of the cost of the payments by deductions from National Insurance, PAYE tax and other payments due to HM Revenue and Customs.
13.The maximum period which may be prescribed in regulations as the period for which statutory adoption pay is payable is currently 26 weeks (see section 171ZN(2) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, inserted by section 4 of the Employment Act 2002).
14.Section 2 extends the maximum period that may be prescribed to 52 weeks. The intention is to prescribe, in regulations, a period of 39 weeks for cases where the placement for adoption begins on or after 1st April 2007. The extension to 39 weeks is a step towards the Government’s goal of one year’s adoption pay.
Section 3: Additional paternity leave: birth
15.Section 80A of the Employment Rights Act 1996, and regulations made under it, provides eligible employees with a right to take paternity leave for the purpose of caring for a child or supporting the mother. An employee is eligible for paternity leave if he has or expects to have responsibility for the baby’s upbringing and is either the father of the baby or (if he is not the father) the mother’s husband or partner. In addition, he must satisfy certain conditions relating to duration of employment.
16.Section 3 makes provision for the introduction of a new statutory right to additional paternity leave for employees following the birth of a child. It inserts a new section 80AA in the Employment Rights Act 1996. Subsection (1) confers power on the Secretary of State to make regulations entitling employees to be absent from work on leave for the purpose of caring for the child if they satisfy conditions relating to their relationship with the child and the child’s mother and the duration of their employment. The conditions will be specified in regulations.
17.The right to additional paternity leave is a right to be absent from work at a time when the child’s mother satisfies any conditions prescribed under subsection (2) of the new section 80AA. The conditions that may be prescribed under that subsection are conditions relating to any employment or self-employment of the child’s mother, her entitlement (or lack of entitlement) to maternity leave or to Statutory Maternity Pay or Maternity Allowance and the extent to which she has exercised any such entitlement.
18.Subsections (3) to (7) make further provision about what must or may be included in the regulations. Subsection (4) provides that the regulations must ensure that an employee is not entitled to more than 26 weeks’ leave. Subsection (5) deals with when leave may be taken. It provides that the regulations must ensure that it cannot be taken before a specified period after the child’s birth but must be taken before the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the birth.
19.Certain of the restrictions imposed by subsections (4) and (5) do not apply if the child’s mother dies (see subsection (6)). This means (for example) that in such a case the regulations could allow an employee to take leave for a period longer than 26 weeks.
20.Subsection (7) lists other matters which may be dealt with in the regulations, for example, it provides that the regulations may specify a minimum period which may be taken as leave.
21.Subsection (8) makes special provision for the case where more than one child is born as a result of a pregnancy. Subsection (9) defines “week” for the purposes of the new section.
Section 4: Additional paternity leave: adoption
22.Paternity leave is currently available, not only in relation to the birth of a child, but also in relation to the placement of a child for adoption. Section 80B of the Employment Rights Act 1996, and regulations made under it, provides employees who satisfy certain conditions relating to duration of employment, relationship with a child placed for adoption and relationship with a person with whom the child is placed for adoption with a right to take paternity leave.
23.Section 4 makes provision for the introduction of a new statutory right to additional paternity leave for employees following the placement of a child for adoption. The provision made by the section largely mirrors the provision made by section 3 for additional paternity leave following birth. The section inserts a new section 80BB in the 1996 Act and subsection (1) of that section confers power on the Secretary of State to make regulations entitling employees to be absent from work on leave for the purpose of caring for the child if they satisfy conditions relating to their relationship with the child and the person with whom the child is placed for adoption and the duration of their employment. The conditions will be specified in regulations.
24.Subsections (2) to (7) make provision comparable to that discussed at paragraphs 17 to 20 in relation to additional paternity leave following the birth of a child.
25.Subsections (8) and (9) clarify certain other matters: the meaning of the “date of the child’s placement” where more than one child is placed for adoption and the meaning of “week”. Subsection (10) provides power to make regulations relating to additional paternity leave in circumstances concerning overseas adoptions.
Section 5: Rights during and after additional paternity leave
26.Section 5 amends section 80C of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (rights during and after paternity leave). This section currently provides for regulations to be made to ensure that a person on paternity leave is entitled, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed, to the benefit of the terms and conditions of employment which would have applied had he not been absent. Regulations must also provide that he is bound, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed, by obligations arising under those terms and conditions. The amendments to section 80C will enable comparable regulations to be made in respect of the terms and conditions applying during additional paternity leave (whether following birth or adoption).
Section 6: Entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay: birth
27.Currently, statutory paternity pay is available to an employed earner who meets certain conditions. He must be the father of the child or (if not the father) the mother’s husband or partner and be taking time off to care for the child or support the mother. He must also satisfy certain conditions relating to duration of employment and earnings.
28.Section 6 inserts a new section 171ZEA in Part 12ZA of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 which deals with statutory paternity pay. The new section allows the Secretary of State to make regulations entitling employees who satisfy certain conditions to additional statutory paternity pay following the birth of a child.
29.Additional statutory paternity pay will be paid by employers who can recover most or all of it from the state. Additional statutory paternity pay will be administered by employers in the same way as statutory paternity pay.
30.Subsection (2) of the new section states the conditions that an employee must meet to be entitled to additional statutory paternity pay. In some cases, the conditions provide for further matters to be dealt with in regulations. For example, subsection (2)(a) provides that the employee must satisfy prescribed conditions as to relationship with a child and the child’s mother. The prescribed conditions will be set out in the regulations. The conditions also include conditions relating to the employee’s employment status and earnings and the entitlement of the child’s mother to statutory maternity pay or maternity allowance.
31.The conditions include a requirement that the mother must have taken action that is treated as constituting a return to work (see subsection (2)(f)). The regulations will deal with what is to be treated as constituting her return. In addition, the employee will normally only qualify for additional statutory paternity pay if the mother returns to work at a time when a part of her maternity allowance period or maternity pay period remains unexpired. The regulations will specify how much of her maternity allowance period or maternity pay period must remain unexpired.
32.Subsection (3) allows for certain of the qualifying conditions to be modified or excluded in cases where the mother of the child has died.
33.Subsection (4) states that entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay will be unaffected by the birth of more than one child as a result of the same pregnancy.
Section 7: Entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay: adoption
34.Statutory paternity pay is available, not only in relation to the birth of a child, but also in relation to the placement of a child for adoption.
35.Section 7 makes new provision for the payment of additional statutory paternity pay where a child is placed for adoption. It does so by inserting a new section 171ZEB in Part 12ZA of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992. The new section allows the Secretary of State to make regulations entitling employees who satisfy certain conditions to additional statutory paternity pay following the placement of a child for adoption.
36.Subsection (2) states the conditions that an employee must meet to be entitled to this form of additional statutory paternity pay. These are comparable to the conditions governing entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay following birth. They include matters relating to the employee’s relationship with the child placed for adoption and the person with whom he is placed (“the adopter”), the employee’s employment status and earnings, the entitlement of the adopter to statutory adoption pay and her return to work. As in the case of additional statutory paternity pay following birth, the conditions sometimes provide for further matters to be dealt with in regulations.
37.Subsection (3) allows for certain of the qualifying conditions to be modified or excluded in cases where the adopter of the child has died.
38.Subsection (4) provides that additional statutory paternity pay will not be payable to someone who has elected to receive statutory adoption pay.
39.Subsection (5) states that entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay will be unaffected by more than one child being placed for adoption as part of the same arrangement.
Section 8: Entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay: general
40.Section 8 inserts a new section 171ZEC in Part 12ZA of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992. This makes further provision about a person’s entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay (whether in relation to birth or adoption).
41.Subsections (1) and (2) provide that the employee needs to give notice (in writing if required by the employer) of the date from which he expects liability for payment to commence and the date on which he expects it to end. The time by which the notice must be given will be dealt with in regulations.
42.Subsection (3) provides power for the Secretary of State to deal with various other matters by regulations, for example, evidence of entitlement and the circumstances in which employment is to be treated as continuous for the purposes of qualifying for additional statutory paternity pay.
Section 9: Liability to make payments of additional statutory paternity pay
43.Section 9 inserts a new section 171ZED in the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992. The new section makes provision about liability to pay additional statutory paternity pay (whether in relation to birth or adoption) which is similar to that currently made in relation to statutory paternity pay.
44.Subsection (1) of the inserted section provides for employers to be liable for the payment of additional statutory paternity pay. Subsection (2) requires the Secretary of State to make regulations about the liability of a former employer to pay additional statutory paternity pay where the employee has been dismissed by the employer to avoid liability for additional statutory paternity pay or ordinary statutory paternity pay.
45.Subsection (3) of the inserted section provides power for the Secretary of State, with the concurrence of the Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, to specify in regulations circumstances in which liability for paying additional statutory paternity pay is to fall on the Commissioners.
Section 10: Additional statutory paternity pay: rate and period of pay
46.Section 10 inserts a new section 171ZEE in the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 to deal with the rate at which additional statutory paternity pay is payable and the period for which it is payable.
47.The rate at which additional statutory paternity pay is payable will be prescribed in regulations (see subsection (1) of the new section).
48.Subsections (2) to (5) of the new section deal with the period for which it is payable. The period will generally begin on or after the day on which the child’s mother (or the adopter) is treated as returning to work. Regulations will deal with the maximum duration of the period but it cannot continue after the end of 12 months beginning with the birth of the child (or the placement of the child for adoption).
49.Subsection (6) provides that additional statutory paternity pay is not payable in respect of a week if it is not the employee’s purpose at the beginning of the week to care for the child in question. As the purpose of additional statutory paternity pay is to enable the employee to care for the child, subsection (8) also provides for entitlement to it to end in those circumstances.
50.Except in prescribed cases, additional statutory paternity pay is not payable in respect of a week during any part of which the recipient works for an employer (see subsection (7)). Subsection (8) also provides for entitlement to additional statutory paternity pay to end in those circumstances.
Section 11: Leave and pay related to birth or adoption
51.This section introduces Schedule 1, which makes amendments to a range of enactments dealing with statutory leave and pay. These amendments are discussed below.
Section 12: Flexible working
52.The Employment Act 2002 introduced new rights for working parents by way of amendments to the Employment Rights Act 1996. These included the insertion of section 80F in that Act. Section 80F confers a statutory right for a qualifying employee to apply to his employer for a change in his terms and conditions of employment to facilitate childcare. The law is commonly referred to as the right to request flexible working. Regulations deal with the conditions which must be satisfied in order to qualify for the right. The regulations currently provide that the employee must have been continuously employed for no less than 26 weeks and must be the mother, father, adopter, guardian or foster parent (or the partner of, or married to, one of those people) of the child concerned.
53.Section 12 amends this section to widen the scope of the existing law, in particular, by allowing applications to be made by persons who have caring responsibilities for adults.
54.Subsection (2) amends section 80F so that applications for flexible working may be made for the purpose of caring for:
a child who is under an age prescribed in regulations or who falls within a description prescribed in regulations, or
a person aged 18 or over who falls within a description prescribed in regulations.
55.The person making the application must also have some relationship with the person receiving the care and the details of this will be dealt with in regulations.
56.Subsections (3) to (5) make other amendments of section 80F in consequence of the changes discussed above.
Section 13: Annual leave
57.Workers are currently entitled to four weeks paid annual leave under the Working Time Regulations 1998 (S.I 1998/1833). These regulations were made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 and implement, in relation to Great Britain, the UK’s obligations under the Working Time Directive (2003/88/EC).
58.Section 13 provides the Secretary of State with a new free-standing power to make provision about entitlement to annual leave. Regulations made under the new power will have to comply with the Directive but they could make provision for leave which is more generous than that required by it.
59.The matters which may be dealt with in the regulations are specified in subsection (2). For example, the regulations may deal with the amount of annual leave entitlement and make provision for the presentation of complaints to an employment tribunal.
60.The Working Time Regulations 1998 currently deal with a number of related matters (such as the right of a worker not to be subjected to any detriment by reason of exercising his right to leave). Subsection (2)(g) ensures that regulations made by the Secretary of State under the new power may make comparable provision.
61.The Working Time Regulations 1998 extend to special classes of persons, such as persons in Crown employment and staff of the House of Commons and House of Lords. Subsection (4) ensures that the new power can also be exercised in respect of such persons.
62.Subsection (5) excludes from the power the subject-matter of the Agricultural Wages (Scotland) Act 1949. The Agricultural Wages (Scotland) Act 1949 regulates holiday entitlement and wages of agricultural workers in Scotland. It is within the power of the Scottish Parliament to legislate about the subject-matter of that Act as it is an exception to Section H1 of Schedule 5 to the Scotland Act 1998 (which defines the reserved matters).
63.Regulations under this section are subject to the affirmative procedure (see subsection (7)).
Section 14: Increasing the maximum amount of a week’s pay for certain purposes
64.The amount payable by way of redundancy payment and the basic award for unfair dismissal are calculated with reference to the employee’s weekly pay (see sections 119 and 162 of the Employment Rights Act 1996). For the purposes of the calculation a week’s pay is, by virtue of section 227 of the 1996 Act, subject to a statutory maximum which is currently £280. The same statutory maximum applies in relation to certain other compensation payments (which are listed in section 227(1)). A weekly limit also applies to the calculation of certain payments which are payable on the insolvency of an employer (including arrears of pay and holiday pay) (see section 186(1)(a) and (b) of the 1996 Act). Section 34 of the Employment Relations Act 1999 provides a mandatory mechanism for altering the statutory maximum to track changes in the retail prices index.
65.Section 14 gives the Secretary of State an order-making power to increase the weekly limit which applies in relation to these payments. This increase need not be related to changes in the retail prices index. The order-making power may be exercised on one occasion only.
66.Subsection (1) sets out the sums to which the section applies.
67.Subsection (2) provides that the Secretary of State may make an order, on one occasion only, to increase the sums.
68.Subsection (3) allows the order to make transitional provision generally. It also allows the order to exclude on one occasion the operation of section 34 of the Employment Relations Act 1999 in relation to the sums. An example of the circumstances in which this power may be used would be to avoid two increases in the sums in a period of 12 months, one increase as a result of section 34 and the other as a result of the making of an order under the new power conferred by this section.
69.Subsection (4) ensures that, apart from this, section 34 of the 1999 Act will continue to apply in relation to the sums (so that they will in future continue to be altered in line with changes in the retail prices index).
70.Subsection (5) provides that an order made under subsection (2) will be subject to the affirmative procedure.
Section 15: Repeals
71.Section 15 gives effect to the repeals set out in Schedule 2.
Section 17: Corresponding provision for Northern Ireland
72.Section 17 provides that an Order in Council made for Northern Ireland under paragraph 1(1) of the Schedule to the Northern Ireland Act 2000, which states that it is made only for purposes corresponding to those contained in the Act, is not to be subject to the affirmative procedure of Parliamentary scrutiny, but is instead to be subject to the negative procedure. This will make it easier for changes to Northern Ireland legislation to be timed to coincide with the changes to legislation for Great Britain.
Section 18: Financial provisions
73.This section provides for increased expenditure attributable to the provisions of the Act to be paid out of money provided by Parliament.
Commentary on Schedules
Schedule 1 – Leave and pay related to birth or adoption: further amendments
74.Many of the paragraphs of Schedule 1 make amendments to other legislation to rename “paternity leave” as “ordinary paternity leave” and “statutory paternity pay” as “ordinary statutory paternity pay”. This is to avoid any potential confusion over terminology once employees become entitled to additional statutory paternity pay and additional paternity leave. Other paragraphs make amendments to ensure that, where appropriate, statutory provisions which currently apply in relation to paternity leave or statutory paternity pay will also apply in relation to additional paternity leave or additional statutory paternity pay. In general these Notes do not deal further with those amendments.
75.Schedule 1 also contains a number of amendments intended to make changes to maternity allowance, statutory maternity Pay, statutory adoption pay and statutory paternity pay to ease administration for employers and to assist the returning employee’s reintegration into the workforce.
76.Paragraph 1 amends paragraph 5A of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989 which makes provision about unfair paternity leave provisions in employment-related schemes for pensions and other benefits. The amendments ensure that references in paragraph 5A to a period of paid paternity leave include references to a period during which a person is being paid additional statutory paternity pay.
77.Paragraph 5 will add additional statutory paternity pay to the list of statutory payments set out in section 4C(11) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992. Section 4C is inserted into that Act by the National Insurance Contributions Act 2006 to allow regulations to be made to take account of regulations made under section 4B (of the 1992 Act) altering earnings which are subject to National Insurance Contributions liability for a past period.
78.Paragraph 6 amends section 35(3)(a) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (SSCBA 1992).
79.Currently a woman loses maternity allowance for any day on which she works as an employed or self-employed earner. There is no discretion and any work will result in the loss of maternity allowance for the appropriate day. The amendment made by paragraph 6 will allow regulations to be made to prescribe cases in which a woman is not disqualified from receiving maternity allowance when she works in the maternity allowance period as an employed or self-employed earner. This will enable a woman to undertake the occasional day of training, appraisal or work without losing her maternity allowance for the day in question. The object is to allow better contact and communication between the woman and her employer during her maternity absence and to ease the woman’s eventual return to work.
80.Paragraph 7 amends section 165 of SSCBA 1992.
81.Sub-paragraph (2) substitutes a new section 165(2) to provide for the maternity pay period to begin with the 11th week before the expected week of confinement. Section 165(3) is also substituted so that, in prescribed cases, the first day of the maternity pay period is to be a prescribed day after the beginning of the 11th week before the expected date of confinement. This allows the maternity pay period to begin on any day of the week and for it to be aligned with the maternity leave period.
82.Sub-paragraph (3) amends section 165(4) to provide a power to prescribe cases in which a woman may work during a part of a week without being disqualified from receiving statutory maternity pay for that week. It is intended that this power will be exercised so as to allow a limited number of days’ work under her contract with the employer during the maternity pay period.
83.Sub-paragraph (4) inserts a new section 165(8) to define a “week” as “any period of 7 days beginning with the day of the week on which the maternity pay period begins”. This allows for maternity pay to be paid for a specified number of weeks beginning on any day.
84.Paragraph 8 amends section 166 of SSCBA 1992, which relates to the rate of statutory maternity pay.
85.Sub-paragraph (2) inserts a new subsection (1A) to define a “week” as any period of 7 days.
86.Statutory maternity pay is paid on the basis of a weekly rate for a total of 26 weeks (to be extended to 39 weeks). Many women are paid their contractual pay in periods which are not divisible into exact numbers of weeks. In particular many are paid by the calendar month and this leads to employers having to pay statutory maternity pay in patterns of weeks which do not relate to the woman’s normal pay period.
87.To help resolve this difficulty sub-paragraph (3) inserts a new section 166(4) to provide for the calculation of statutory maternity pay to be made at one seventh of the weekly rate.
88.Paragraph 9 amends section 171 of SSCBA 1992 by inserting a new definition of week for the purposes of Part 12 of that Act. “Week” generally means “a period of 7 days beginning with Sunday or such other period as may be prescribed in relation to any particular case or class of case” but it has a different meaning in section 165(1), (4) and (6), section 166(1) and paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 13.
89.Paragraph 16 amends section 171ZE of SSCBA 1992 to allow the calculation of ordinary statutory paternity pay to be made at a daily rate, for the same reasons as are set out above in relation to statutory maternity pay (see paragraphs 86 and 87).
90.Paragraph 21 amends section 171ZN of SSCBA 1992 which deals with the rate and period of statutory adoption pay. Sub-paragraph (2) inserts an amendment which would enable an occasional day’s work to be performed in prescribed cases without resulting in the loss of any statutory adoption pay, in the same way as the amendment set out in paragraph 7(3) of the Schedule for statutory maternity pay.
91.Sub-paragraph (3) inserts a new subsection which allows the calculation of statutory adoption pay to be made at a daily rate that is to be taken as one seventh of the weekly rate. This is for the same reasons as set out above at paragraphs 86 and 87 in relation to statutory maternity pay.
92.Paragraph 22 amends section 176 of SSCBA 1992 to provide for regulations made under the new inserted sections 171ZEA to 171ZEE (dealing with additional statutory paternity pay) to be subject to the affirmative procedure.
93.Paragraph 23 inserts a new sub-paragraph (2A) in paragraph 3 of Schedule 13 to SSCBA 1992 to define a “week” as a “period of seven days beginning with the day of the week on which the maternity pay period begins”.
94.Paragraph 26 amends section 150 of the Social Security Administration Act 1992 which deals with the uprating of benefits so that it applies in relation to additional statutory paternity pay.
95.Paragraph 31 amends section 71 of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (ERA 1996) to provide powers to make regulations which will enable a woman to undertake a few days’ training or work for her employer without ending her ordinary maternity leave. The reference to 26 weeks’ ordinary maternity leave reflects the current prescribed period of ordinary maternity leave.
96.Paragraph 32 amends section 73 of ERA 1996 in a similar way to the amendment set out above to provide powers to allow a woman to undertake a few days’ training or work for her employer without ending her additional maternity leave.
97.Paragraph 33 amends section 75A of ERA 1996 in a similar way to provide powers to allow an adopter to undertake a few days’ training or work for her employer without ending her ordinary adoption leave.
98.Paragraph 34 amends section 75B of ERA 1996 to achieve the same effect in respect of additional adoption leave.
99.Paragraph 38 makes amendments to section 80E of ERA 1996 to take account of new sections 80AA and 80BB inserted by the Act. The amendment made by sub-paragraph (3) provides for the Secretary of State to make regulations requiring an employee taking additional paternity leave, the mother or adopter of the child and the employers of any such persons to record or provide information in connection with paternity leave or additional paternity leave.
100.Paragraph 42 amends section 106 of ERA 1996 to provide that where an employee taken on to cover an absence due to additional paternity leave is dismissed on the return of the original employee, the dismissal should be regarded as having been for some substantial reason of a kind to justify the dismissal. This reflects the provisions which currently apply to employees taken on to cover absences due to maternity or adoption leave.
101.Paragraph 44 provides for regulations made under new sections 80AA and 80BB of ERA 1996 (dealing with additional paternity leave) to be made under the affirmative procedure.
102.Paragraph 49 provides for provisions in the Finance Act 1999 about electronic communications to apply to additional statutory paternity pay.
103.Paragraph 61 adds additional statutory paternity pay to the list of former Inland Revenue matters in Schedule 1 to the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005. This ensures that, for the purposes of various statutory provisions which refer to that Schedule, additional statutory paternity pay is treated as if (like the other forms of statutory pay) it were a former Inland Revenue matter.
Schedule 2 - Repeals
104.Schedule 2 lists the repeals made by the Act.
105.Section 19 deals with commencement. Certain supplementary provisions (the interpretation section (section 16), the section relating to Northern Ireland (section 17) and sections 18 to 20 come into effect on Royal Assent. Otherwise there is a power for the Secretary of State to bring the provisions of the Act into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint. Different days may be appointed for different purposes.
The following table sets out the dates and Hansard references for each stage of this Act’s passage through Parliament.
|House of Commons|
|Introduction||18 October 2005||Vol. 437 Col. 704|
|Second Reading||5 December 2005||Vol. 440 Cols. 643-708|
|Committee||13 December 2005||Hansard Standing Committee A|
|Report and Third Reading||18 January 2006||Vol. 441 Cols. 848-908|
|House of Lords|
|Introduction||19 January 2006||Vol. 677 Col. 771|
|Second Reading||14 February 2006||Vol. 678 Cols. 1089-1126|
|Committee||9 March 2006||Vol. 679 Cols. 325-394GC|
|Report||25 April 2006||Vol. 681 Cols. 95-140|
|Third reading||8 May 2006||Vol. 681 Col. 691-708|
|House of Commons|
|Commons Consideration of Lords Amendments||13 June 2006||Vol. 447 Col. 657-8|
|Royal Assent – 21 June 2006||House of Lords Hansard Vol. 683 Col. 870|
|House of Commons Hansard Vol. 447 Col. 1408|
- Explanatory Notes Table of contents