Search Legislation

Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Chapter 3Scotland

Production orders

380Production orders

(1)The sheriff may, on an application made to him by the appropriate person, make a production order if he is satisfied that each of the requirements for the making of the order is fulfilled.

(2)In making a production order in relation to property subject to a civil recovery investigation, the sheriff shall act in the exercise of his civil jurisdiction.

(3)The application for a production order must state that—

(a)a person specified in the application is subject to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation, or

(b)property specified in the application is subject to a civil recovery investigation.

(4)The application must also state that—

(a)the order is sought for the purposes of the investigation;

(b)the order is sought in relation to material, or material of a description, specified in the application;

(c)a person specified in the application appears to be in possession or control of the material.

(5)A production order is an order either—

(a)requiring the person the application for the order specifies as appearing to be in possession or control of material to produce it to a proper person for him to take away, or

(b)requiring that person to give a proper person access to the material,

within the period stated in the order.

(6)The period stated in a production order must be a period of seven days beginning with the day on which the order is made, unless it appears to the sheriff that a longer or shorter period would be appropriate in the particular circumstances.

381Requirements for making of production order

(1)These are the requirements for the making of a production order.

(2)There must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)in the case of a confiscation investigation, the person the application for the order specifies as being subject to the investigation has benefited from his criminal conduct;

(b)in the case of a civil recovery investigation, the property the application for the order specifies as being subject to the investigation is recoverable property or associated property;

(c)in the case of a money laundering investigation, the person the application for the order specifies as being subject to the investigation has committed a money laundering offence.

(3)There must be reasonable grounds for believing that the person the application specifies as appearing to be in possession or control of the material so specified is in possession or control of it.

(4)There must be reasonable grounds for believing that the material is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the order is sought.

(5)There must be reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest for the material to be produced or for access to it to be given, having regard to—

(a)the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the material is obtained,

(b)the circumstances under which the person the application specifies as appearing to be in possession or control of the material holds it.

382Order to grant entry

(1)This section applies if a sheriff makes a production order requiring a person to give a proper person access to material on any premises.

(2)The sheriff may, on an application made to him by the appropriate person and specifying the premises, make an order to grant entry in relation to the premises.

(3)An order to grant entry is an order requiring any person who appears to the appropriate person to be entitled to grant entry to the premises to allow a proper person to enter the premises to obtain access to the material.

383Further provisions

(1)A production order does not require a person to produce, or give access to, any items subject to legal privilege.

(2)A production order has effect in spite of any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(3)A proper person may take copies of any material which is produced, or to which access is given, in compliance with a production order.

(4)Material produced in compliance with a production order may be retained for so long as it is necessary to retain it (as opposed to copies of it) in connection with the investigation for the purposes of which the order was made.

(5)But if a proper person has reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)the material may need to be produced for the purposes of any legal proceedings, and

(b)it might otherwise be unavailable for those purposes,

it may be retained until the proceedings are concluded.

384Computer information

(1)This section applies if any of the material specified in an application for a production order consists of information contained in a computer.

(2)If the order is an order requiring a person to produce the material to a proper person for him to take away, it has effect as an order to produce the material in a form in which it can be taken away by him and in which it is visible and legible.

(3)If the order is an order requiring a person to give a proper person access to the material, it has effect as an order to give him access to the material in a form in which it is visible and legible.

385Government departments

(1)A production order may be made in relation to material in the possession or control of an authorised government department.

(2)An order so made may require any officer of the department (whether named in the order or not) who may for the time being be in possession or control of the material to comply with it.

(3)If an order contains such a requirement—

(a)the person on whom it is served must take all reasonable steps to bring it to the attention of the officer concerned;

(b)any other officer of the department who is in receipt of the order must also take all reasonable steps to bring it to the attention of the officer concerned.

(4)If the order is not brought to the attention of the officer concerned within the period stated in the order (in pursuance of section 380(5)) the person on whom it is served must report the reasons for the failure to—

(a)the sheriff in the case of an order made for the purposes of a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation;

(b)the sheriff exercising a civil jurisdiction in the case of an order made for the purposes of a civil recovery investigation.

(5)In this section, “authorised government department” includes a government department which is an authorised department for the purposes of the Crown Proceedings Act 1947 (c. 44) and the Scottish Administration.

386Supplementary

(1)An application for a production order or an order to grant entry may be made ex parte to a sheriff in chambers.

(2)Provision may be made by rules of court as to the discharge and variation of production orders and orders to grant entry.

(3)Rules of court under subsection (2) relating to production orders and orders to grant entry—

(a)made in a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation shall, without prejudice to section 305 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) be made by act of adjournal;

(b)made in a civil recovery investigation shall, without prejudice to section 32 of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58) be made by act of sederunt.

(4)An application to discharge or vary a production order or an order to grant entry may be made to the sheriff by—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(5)The sheriff may—

(a)discharge the order;

(b)vary the order.

Search warrants

387Search warrants

(1)The sheriff may, on an application made to him by the appropriate person, issue a search warrant if he is satisfied that either of the requirements for the issuing of the warrant is fulfilled.

(2)In issuing a search warrant in relation to property subject to a civil recovery investigation, the sheriff shall act in the exercise of his civil jurisdiction.

(3)The application for a search warrant must state that—

(a)a person specified in the application is subject to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation, or

(b)property specified in the application is subject to a civil recovery investigation.

(4)A search warrant is a warrant authorising a proper person—

(a)to enter and search the premises specified in the application for the warrant, and

(b)to seize and retain any material specified in the warrant which is found there and which is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the application is made.

(5)The requirements for the issue of a search warrant are—

(a)that a production order made in relation to material has not been complied with and there are reasonable grounds for believing that the material is on the premises specified in the application for the warrant, or

(b)that section 388 is satisfied in relation to the warrant.

(6)An application for a search warrant may be made ex parte to a sheriff in chambers.

388Requirements where production order not available

(1)This section is satisfied in relation to a search warrant if—

(a)subsection (2) applies, and

(b)either the first or the second set of conditions is complied with.

(2)This subsection applies if there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)in the case of a confiscation investigation, the person specified in the application for the warrant has benefited from his criminal conduct;

(b)in the case of a civil recovery investigation, the property specified in the application for the warrant is recoverable property or associated property;

(c)in the case of a money laundering investigation, the person specified in the application for the warrant has committed a money laundering offence.

(3)The first set of conditions is that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)any material on the premises specified in the application for the warrant is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the warrant is sought,

(b)it is in the public interest for the material to be obtained, having regard to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the material is obtained, and

(c)it would not be appropriate to make a production order for any one or more of the reasons in subsection (4).

(4)The reasons are—

(a)that it is not practicable to communicate with any person against whom the production order could be made;

(b)that it is not practicable to communicate with any person who would be required to comply with an order to grant access to the material or to grant entry to the premises on which the material is situated;

(c)that the investigation might be seriously prejudiced unless a proper person is able to secure immediate access to the material.

(5)The second set of conditions is that—

(a)there are reasonable grounds for believing that there is material on the premises specified in the application for the warrant and that the material falls within subsection (6), (7) or (8),

(b)there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest for the material to be obtained, having regard to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the material is obtained, and

(c)any one or more of the requirements in subsection (9) is met.

(6)In the case of a confiscation investigation, material falls within this subsection if it cannot be identified at the time of the application but it—

(a)relates to the person specified in the application, the question whether he has benefited from his criminal conduct or any question as to the extent or whereabouts of his benefit from his criminal conduct, and

(b)is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the warrant is sought.

(7)In the case of a civil recovery investigation, material falls within this subsection if it cannot be identified at the time of the application but it—

(a)relates to the property specified in the application, the question whether it is recoverable property or associated property, the question as to who holds any such property, any question as to whether the person who appears to hold any such property holds other property which is recoverable property, or any question as to the extent or whereabouts of any property mentioned in this paragraph, and

(b)is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the warrant is sought.

(8)In the case of a money laundering investigation, material falls within this subsection if it cannot be identified at the time of the application but it—

(a)relates to the person specified in the application or the question whether he has committed a money laundering offence, and

(b)is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the warrant is sought.

(9)The requirements are—

(a)that it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant entry to the premises;

(b)that entry to the premises will not be granted unless a warrant is produced;

(c)that the investigation might be seriously prejudiced unless a proper person arriving at the premises is able to secure immediate entry to them.

389Further provisions: general

A search warrant does not confer the right to seize any items subject to legal privilege.

390Further provisions: confiscation, civil recovery and money laundering

(1)This section applies to search warrants sought for the purposes of confiscation investigations, civil recovery investigations or money laundering investigations.

(2)A warrant continues in force until the end of the period of one month starting with the day on which it is issued.

(3)A warrant authorises the person executing it to require any information which is held in a computer and is accessible from the premises specified in the application for the warrant, and which the proper person believes relates to any matter relevant to the investigation, to be produced in a form—

(a)in which it can be taken away, and

(b)in which it is visible and legible.

(4)Copies may be taken of any material seized under a warrant.

(5)A warrant issued in relation to a civil recovery investigation may be issued subject to conditions.

(6)A warrant issued in relation to a civil recovery investigation may include provision authorising the person executing it to do other things which—

(a)are specified in the warrant, and

(b)need to be done in order to give effect to it.

(7)Material seized under a warrant issued in relation to a civil recovery investigation may be retained for so long as it is necessary to retain it (as opposed to copies of it) in connection with the investigation for the purposes of which the warrant was issued.

(8)But if the Scottish Ministers have reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)the material may need to be produced for the purposes of any legal proceedings, and

(b)it might otherwise be unavailable for those purposes,

it may be retained until the proceedings are concluded.

Disclosure orders

391Disclosure orders

(1)The High Court of Justiciary, on an application made to it by the Lord Advocate in relation to confiscation investigations, or the Court of Session, on an application made to it by the Scottish Ministers in relation to civil recovery investigations, may make a disclosure order if it is satisfied that each of the requirements for the making of the order is fulfilled.

(2)No application for a disclosure order may be made in relation to a money laundering investigation.

(3)The application for a disclosure order must state that—

(a)a person specified in the application is subject to a confiscation investigation and the order is sought for the purposes of the investigation, or

(b)property specified in the application is subject to a civil recovery investigation and the order is sought for the purposes of the investigation.

(4)A disclosure order is an order authorising the Lord Advocate or the Scottish Ministers to give to any person the Lord Advocate considers or the Scottish Ministers consider has relevant information, notice in writing requiring him to do, with respect to any matter relevant to the investigation for the purposes of which the order is sought, any or all of the following—

(a)answer questions, either at a time specified in the notice or at once, at a place so specified;

(b)provide information specified in the notice, by a time and in a manner so specified;

(c)produce documents, or documents of a description, specified in the notice, either at or by a time so specified or at once, and in a manner so specified.

(5)Relevant information is information (whether or not contained in a document) which the Lord Advocate considers or the Scottish Ministers consider to be relevant to the investigation.

(6)A person is not bound to comply with a requirement imposed by a notice given under a disclosure order unless evidence of authority to give the notice is produced to him.

392Requirements for making of disclosure order

(1)These are the requirements for the making of a disclosure order.

(2)There must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)in the case of a confiscation investigation, the person specified in the application for the order has benefited from his criminal conduct;

(b)in the case of a civil recovery investigation, the property specified in the application for the order is recoverable property or associated property.

(3)There must be reasonable grounds for believing that information which may be provided in compliance with a requirement imposed under the order is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the order is sought.

(4)There must be reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest for the information to be provided, having regard to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the information is obtained.

393Offences

(1)A person commits an offence if without reasonable excuse he fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him under a disclosure order.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to—

(a)imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months,

(b)a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or

(c)both.

(3)A person commits an offence if, in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him under a disclosure order, he—

(a)makes a statement which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular, or

(b)recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (3) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both, or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine or to both.

394Statements

(1)A statement made by a person in response to a requirement imposed on him under a disclosure order may not be used in evidence against him in criminal proceedings.

(2)But subsection (1) does not apply—

(a)in the case of proceedings under Part 3,

(b)on a prosecution for an offence under section 393(1) or (3),

(c)on a prosecution for perjury, or

(d)on a prosecution for some other offence where, in giving evidence, the person makes a statement inconsistent with the statement mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)A statement may not be used by virtue of subsection (2)(d) against a person unless—

(a)evidence relating to it is adduced, or

(b)a question relating to it is asked,

by him or on his behalf in the proceedings arising out of the prosecution.

395Further provisions

(1)A disclosure order does not confer the right to require a person to answer any question, provide any information or produce any document which he would be entitled to refuse to answer, provide or produce on grounds of legal privilege.

(2)A disclosure order has effect in spite of any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(3)The Lord Advocate and the Scottish Ministers may take copies of any documents produced in compliance with a requirement to produce them which is imposed under a disclosure order.

(4)Documents so produced may be retained for so long as it is necessary to retain them (as opposed to a copy of them) in connection with the investigation for the purposes of which the order was made.

(5)But if the Lord Advocate has, or the Scottish Ministers have, reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)the documents may need to be produced for the purposes of any legal proceedings, and

(b)they might otherwise be unavailable for those purposes,

they may be retained until the proceedings are concluded.

396Supplementary

(1)An application for a disclosure order may be made ex parte to—

(a)in the case of an order made in a confiscation investigation, a judge of the High Court of Justiciary;

(b)in the case of an order made in a civil recovery investigation, a judge of the Court of Session,

in chambers.

(2)Provision may be made by rules of court as to the discharge and variation of disclosure orders.

(3)Rules of court under subsection (2) relating to disclosure orders—

(a)made in a confiscation investigation shall, without prejudice to section 305 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) be made by act of adjournal;

(b)made in a civil recovery investigation shall, without prejudice to section 5 of the Court of Session Act 1988 (c. 36), be made by act of sederunt.

(4)An application to discharge or vary a disclosure order may be made to a judge of the court which made the order by—

(a)the Lord Advocate or the Scottish Ministers;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(5)The court may—

(a)discharge the order;

(b)vary the order.

Customer information orders

397Customer information orders

(1)The sheriff may, on an application made to him by the appropriate person, make a customer information order if he is satisfied that each of the requirements for the making of the order is fulfilled.

(2)In making a customer information order in relation to property subject to a civil recovery investigation the sheriff shall act in the exercise of his civil jurisdiction.

(3)The application for a customer information order must state that—

(a)a person specified in the application is subject to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation, or

(b)property specified in the application is subject to a civil recovery investigation and a person specified in the application appears to hold the property.

(4)The application must also state that—

(a)the order is sought for the purposes of the investigation;

(b)the order is sought against the financial institution or financial institutions specified in the application.

(5)An application for a customer information order may specify—

(a)all financial institutions,

(b)a particular description, or particular descriptions, of financial institutions, or

(c)a particular financial institution or particular financial institutions.

(6)A customer information order is an order that a financial institution covered by the application for the order must, on being required to do so by notice in writing given by the appropriate person, provide any such customer information as it has relating to the person specified in the application.

(7)A financial institution which is required to provide information under a customer information order must provide the information to a proper person in such manner, and at or by such time, as that person requires.

(8)If a financial institution on which a requirement is imposed by a notice given under a customer information order requires the production of evidence of authority to give the notice, it is not bound to comply with the requirement unless evidence of the authority has been produced to it.

398Meaning of customer information

(1)“Customer information”, in relation to a person and a financial institution, is information whether the person holds, or has held, an account or accounts at the financial institution (whether solely or jointly with another) and (if so) information as to—

(a)the matters specified in subsection (2) if the person is an individual;

(b)the matters specified in subsection (3) if the person is a company or limited liability partnership or a similar body incorporated or otherwise established outside the United Kingdom.

(2)The matters referred to in subsection (1)(a) are—

(a)the account number or numbers;

(b)the person’s full name;

(c)his date of birth;

(d)his most recent address and any previous addresses;

(e)the date or dates on which he began to hold the account or accounts and, if he has ceased to hold the account or any of the accounts, the date or dates on which he did so;

(f)such evidence of his identity as was obtained by the financial institution under or for the purposes of any legislation relating to money laundering;

(g)the full name, date of birth and most recent address, and any previous addresses, of any person who holds, or has held, an account at the financial institution jointly with him;

(h)the account number or numbers of any other account or accounts held at the financial institution to which he is a signatory and details of the person holding the other account or accounts.

(3)The matters referred to in subsection (1)(b) are—

(a)the account number or numbers;

(b)the person’s full name;

(c)a description of any business which the person carries on;

(d)the country or territory in which it is incorporated or otherwise established and any number allocated to it under the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6) or the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/ 1032 (N.I. 6)) or corresponding legislation of any country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

(e)any number assigned to it for the purposes of value added tax in the United Kingdom;

(f)its registered office, and any previous registered offices, under the Companies Act 1985 or the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)) or anything similar under corresponding legislation of any country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

(g)its registered office, and any previous registered offices, under the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2000 (c. 12) or anything similar under corresponding legislation of any country or territory outside Great Britain;

(h)the date or dates on which it began to hold the account or accounts and, if it has ceased to hold the account or any of the accounts, the date or dates on which it did so;

(i)such evidence of its identity as was obtained by the financial institution under or for the purposes of any legislation relating to money laundering;

(j)the full name, date of birth and most recent address and any previous addresses of any person who is a signatory to the account or any of the accounts.

(4)The Scottish Ministers may by order provide for information of a description specified in the order—

(a)to be customer information, or

(b)no longer to be customer information.

(5)Money laundering is an act which—

(a)constitutes an offence under section 327, 328 or 329 of this Act or section 18 of the Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), or

(b)would constitute an offence specified in paragraph (a) if done in the United Kingdom.

399Requirements for making of customer information order

(1)These are the requirements for the making of a customer information order.

(2)In the case of a confiscation investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person specified in the application for the order has benefited from his criminal conduct.

(3)In the case of a civil recovery investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)the property specified in the application for the order is recoverable property or associated property;

(b)the person specified in the application holds all or some of the property.

(4)In the case of a money laundering investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person specified in the application for the order has committed a money laundering offence.

(5)In the case of any investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for believing that customer information which may be provided in compliance with the order is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the order is sought.

(6)In the case of any investigation there must be reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest for the customer information to be provided, having regard to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the information is obtained.

400Offences

(1)A financial institution commits an offence if without reasonable excuse it fails to comply with a requirement imposed on it under a customer information order.

(2)A financial institution guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)A financial institution commits an offence if, in purported compliance with a customer information order, it—

(a)makes a statement which it knows to be false or misleading in a material particular, or

(b)recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular.

(4)A financial institution guilty of an offence under subsection (3) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

401Statements

(1)A statement made by a financial institution in response to a customer information order may not be used in evidence against it in criminal proceedings.

(2)But subsection (1) does not apply—

(a)in the case of proceedings under Part 3,

(b)on a prosecution for an offence under section 400(1) or (3), or

(c)on a prosecution for some other offence where, in giving evidence, the financial institution makes a statement inconsistent with the statement mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)A statement may not be used by virtue of subsection (2)(c) against a financial institution unless—

(a)evidence relating to it is adduced, or

(b)a question relating to it is asked,

by or on behalf of the financial institution in the proceedings arising out of the prosecution.

402Further provisions

A customer information order has effect in spite of any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

403Supplementary

(1)An application for a customer information order may be made ex parte to a sheriff in chambers.

(2)Provision may be made by rules of court as to the discharge and variation of customer information orders.

(3)Rules of court under subsection (2) relating to customer information orders—

(a)made in a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation shall, without prejudice to section 305 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46), be made by act of adjournal;

(b)made in a civil recovery investigation shall, without prejudice to section 32 of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), be made by act of sederunt.

(4)An application to discharge or vary a customer information order may be made to the sheriff by—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(5)The sheriff may—

(a)discharge the order;

(b)vary the order.

Account monitoring orders

404Account monitoring orders

(1)The sheriff may, on an application made to him by the appropriate person, make an account monitoring order if he is satisfied that each of the requirements for the making of the order is fulfilled.

(2)In making an account monitoring order in relation to property subject to a civil recovery investigation, the sheriff shall act in the exercise of his civil jurisdiction.

(3)The application for an account monitoring order must state that—

(a)a person specified in the application is subject to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation, or

(b)property specified in the application is subject to a civil recovery investigation and a person specified in the application appears to hold the property.

(4)The application must also state that—

(a)the order is sought for the purposes of the investigation;

(b)the order is sought against the financial institution specified in the application in relation to account information of the description so specified.

(5)Account information is information relating to an account or accounts held at the financial institution specified in the application by the person so specified (whether solely or jointly with another).

(6)The application for an account monitoring order may specify information relating to—

(a)all accounts held by the person specified in the application for the order at the financial institution so specified,

(b)a particular description, or particular descriptions, of accounts so held, or

(c)a particular account, or particular accounts, so held.

(7)An account monitoring order is an order that the financial institution specified in the application for the order must, for the period stated in the order, provide account information of the description specified in the order to the proper person in the manner, and at or by the time or times, stated in the order.

(8)The period stated in an account monitoring order must not exceed the period of 90 days beginning with the day on which the order is made.

405Requirements for making of account monitoring order

(1)These are the requirements for the making of an account monitoring order.

(2)In the case of a confiscation investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person specified in the application for the order has benefited from his criminal conduct.

(3)In the case of a civil recovery investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(a)the property specified in the application for the order is recoverable property or associated property;

(b)the person specified in the application holds all or some of the property.

(4)In the case of a money laundering investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person specified in the application for the order has committed a money laundering offence.

(5)In the case of any investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for believing that account information which may be provided in compliance with the order is likely to be of substantial value (whether or not by itself) to the investigation for the purposes of which the order is sought.

(6)In the case of any investigation, there must be reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest for the account information to be provided, having regard to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the information is obtained.

406Statements

(1)A statement made by a financial institution in response to an account monitoring order may not be used in evidence against it in criminal proceedings.

(2)But subsection (1) does not apply—

(a)in the case of proceedings under Part 3;

(b)in the case of proceedings for contempt of court, or

(c)on a prosecution for an offence where, in giving evidence, the financial institution makes a statement inconsistent with the statement mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)A statement may not be used by virtue of subsection (2)(c) against a financial institution unless—

(a)evidence relating to it is adduced, or

(b)a question relating to it is asked,

by or on behalf of the financial institution in the proceedings arising out of the prosecution.

407Further provisions

An account monitoring order has effect in spite of any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

408Supplementary

(1)An application for an account monitoring order may be made ex parte to a sheriff in chambers.

(2)Provision may be made by rules of court as to the discharge and variation of account monitoring orders.

(3)Rules of court under subsection (2) relating to account monitoring orders—

(a)made in a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation shall, without prejudice to section 305 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46), be made by act of adjournal;

(b)made in a civil recovery investigation shall, without prejudice to section 32 of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), be made by act of sederunt.

(4)An application to discharge or vary an account monitoring order may be made to the sheriff by—

(a)the person who applied for the order;

(b)any person affected by the order.

(5)The sheriff may—

(a)discharge the order;

(b)vary the order.

General

409Jurisdiction of sheriff

(1)A sheriff may grant a production order, search warrant, customer information order or account monitoring order under this Act in relation to property situated in any area of Scotland notwithstanding that it is outside the area of that sheriff.

(2)Any such order or warrant may, without being backed or endorsed by another sheriff, be executed throughout Scotland in the same way as it may be executed within the sheriffdom of the sheriff who granted it.

(3)This section is without prejudice to any existing rule of law or to any other provision of this Act.

410Code of practice

(1)The Scottish Ministers must prepare a code of practice as to the exercise by proper persons of functions they have under this Chapter.

(2)After preparing a draft of the code the Scottish Ministers—

(a)must publish the draft;

(b)must consider any representations made to them about the draft;

(c)may amend the draft accordingly.

(3)After the Scottish Ministers have proceeded under subsection (2) they must lay the code before the Scottish Parliament.

(4)When they have done so, the Scottish Ministers may bring the code into operation on such day as they may appoint by order.

(5)A proper person must comply with a code of practice which is in operation under this section in the exercise of any function he has under this Chapter.

(6)If a proper person fails to comply with any provision of a code of practice issued under this section he is not by reason only of that failure liable in any criminal or civil proceedings.

(7)But the code of practice is admissible in evidence in such proceedings and a court may take account of any failure to comply with its provisions in determining any questions in the proceedings.

(8)The Scottish Ministers may from time to time revise a code previously brought into operation under this section; and the preceding provisions of this section apply to a revised code as they apply to the code as first prepared.

411Performance of functions of Scottish Ministers by constables in Scotland

(1)In Scotland, a constable engaged in temporary service with the Scottish Ministers in connection with their functions under this Part may perform functions, other than those specified in subsection (2), on behalf of the Scottish Ministers.

(2)The specified functions are the functions conferred on the Scottish Ministers by—

(a)section 380(1) (production orders),

(b)section 382(2) (entry orders),

(c)section 386(4) (supplementary to production and entry orders),

(d)section 387(1) (search warrants),

(e)section 391(1) (disclosure orders),

(f)section 396(4) (supplementary to disclosure orders),

(g)section 397(1) (customer information orders),

(h)section 403(4) (supplementary to customer information orders),

(i)section 404(1) (account monitoring orders),

(j)section 408(4) (supplementary to account monitoring orders).

412Interpretation

In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “appropriate person” means—

    (a)

    the procurator fiscal, in relation to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation,

    (b)

    the Scottish Ministers, in relation to a civil recovery investigation;

    references to a “constable” include references to a customs and excise officer;

  • “legal privilege” means protection in legal proceedings from disclosure, by virtue of any rule of law relating to the confidentiality of communications; and “items subject to legal privilege” are—

    (a)

    communications between a professional legal adviser and his client, or

    (b)

    communications made in connection with or in contemplation of legal proceedings and for the purposes of those proceedings,

    which would be so protected.

  • “premises” include any place and, in particular, include—

    (a)

    any vehicle, vessel, aircraft or hovercraft;

    (b)

    any offshore installation within the meaning of section 1 of the Mineral Workings (Offshore Installations) Act 1971 (c. 61) and any tent or movable structure;

  • “proper person” means—

    (a)

    a constable, in relation to a confiscation investigation or a money laundering investigation;

    (b)

    the Scottish Ministers or a person named by them, in relation to a civil recovery investigation.

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