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Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Procedural matters

164Postponement

(1)The court may—

(a)proceed under section 161 before it sentences the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, or

(b)postpone proceedings under section 161 for a specified period.

(2)A period of postponement may be extended.

(3)A period of postponement (including one as extended) must not end after the permitted period ends.

(4)But subsection (3) does not apply if there are exceptional circumstances.

(5)The permitted period is the period of two years starting with the date of conviction.

(6)But if—

(a)the defendant appeals against his conviction for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned, and

(b)the period of three months (starting with the day when the appeal is determined or otherwise disposed of) ends after the period found under subsection (5),

the permitted period is that period of three months.

(7)A postponement or extension may be made—

(a)on application by the defendant;

(b)on application by the prosecutor or the Director (as the case may be);

(c)by the court of its own motion.

(8)If—

(a)proceedings are postponed for a period, and

(b)an application to extend the period is made before it ends,

the application may be granted even after the period ends.

(9)The date of conviction is—

(a)the date on which the defendant was convicted of the offence concerned, or

(b)if there are two or more offences and the convictions were on different dates, the date of the latest.

(10)References to appealing include references to applying under Article 146 of the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I. 26)) (statement of case).

(11)A confiscation order must not be quashed only on the ground that there was a defect or omission in the procedure connected with the application for or the granting of a postponement.

(12)But subsection (11) does not apply if before it made the confiscation order the court—

(a)imposed a fine on the defendant;

(b)made an order falling within section 163(3);

(c)made an order under Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2795 (N.I. 15)) (compensation orders).

165Effect of postponement

(1)If the court postpones proceedings under section 156 it may proceed to sentence the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned.

(2)In sentencing the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned in the postponement period the court must not—

(a)impose a fine on him,

(b)make an order falling within section 163(3), or

(c)make an order for the payment of compensation under Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2795 (N.I. 15)).

(3)If the court sentences the defendant for the offence (or any of the offences) concerned in the postponement period, after that period ends it may vary the sentence by—

(a)imposing a fine on him,

(b)making an order falling within section 163(3), or

(c)making an order for the payment of compensation under Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1994.

(4)But the court may proceed under subsection (3) only within the period of 28 days which starts with the last day of the postponement period.

(5)For the purposes of—

(a)section 16(1) of the Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980 (c. 47) (time limit for notice of appeal or of application for leave to appeal), and

(b)paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33) (time limit for notice of application for leave to refer a case under section 36 of that Act),

the sentence must be regarded as imposed or made on the day on which it is varied under subsection (3).

(6)If the court proceeds to sentence the defendant under subsection (1), section 156 has effect as if the defendant’s particular criminal conduct included conduct which constitutes offences which the court has taken into consideration in deciding his sentence for the offence or offences concerned.

(7)The postponement period is the period for which proceedings under section 156 are postponed.

166Statement of information

(1)If the court is proceeding under section 156 in a case where section 156(3)(a) applies, the prosecutor or the Director (as the case may be) must give the court a statement of information within the period the court orders.

(2)If the court is proceeding under section 156 in a case where section 156(3)(b) applies and it orders the prosecutor to give it a statement of information, the prosecutor must give it such a statement within the period the court orders.

(3)If the prosecutor or the Director (as the case may be) believes the defendant has a criminal lifestyle the statement of information is a statement of matters the prosecutor or the Director believes are relevant in connection with deciding these issues—

(a)whether the defendant has a criminal lifestyle;

(b)whether he has benefited from his general criminal conduct;

(c)his benefit from the conduct.

(4)A statement under subsection (3) must include information the prosecutor or Director believes is relevant—

(a)in connection with the making by the court of a required assumption under section 160;

(b)for the purpose of enabling the court to decide if the circumstances are such that it must not make such an assumption.

(5)If the prosecutor or the Director (as the case may be) does not believe the defendant has a criminal lifestyle the statement of information is a statement of matters the prosecutor or the Director believes are relevant in connection with deciding these issues—

(a)whether the defendant has benefited from his particular criminal conduct;

(b)his benefit from the conduct.

(6)If the prosecutor or the Director gives the court a statement of information—

(a)he may at any time give the court a further statement of information;

(b)he must give the court a further statement of information if it orders him to do so, and he must give it within the period the court orders.

(7)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

167Defendant’s response to statement of information

(1)If the prosecutor or the Director gives the court a statement of information and a copy is served on the defendant, the court may order the defendant—

(a)to indicate (within the period it orders) the extent to which he accepts each allegation in the statement, and

(b)so far as he does not accept such an allegation, to give particulars of any matters he proposes to rely on.

(2)If the defendant accepts to any extent an allegation in a statement of information the court may treat his acceptance as conclusive of the matters to which it relates for the purpose of deciding the issues referred to in section 166(3) or (5) (as the case may be).

(3)If the defendant fails in any respect to comply with an order under subsection (1) he may be treated for the purposes of subsection (2) as accepting every allegation in the statement of information apart from—

(a)any allegation in respect of which he has complied with the requirement;

(b)any allegation that he has benefited from his general or particular criminal conduct.

(4)For the purposes of this section an allegation may be accepted or particulars may be given in a manner ordered by the court.

(5)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

(6)No acceptance under this section that the defendant has benefited from conduct is admissible in evidence in proceedings for an offence.

168Provision of information by defendant

(1)This section applies if—

(a)the court is proceeding under section 156 in a case where section 156(3)(a) applies, or

(b)it is proceeding under section 156 in a case where section 156(3)(b) applies or it is considering whether to proceed.

(2)For the purpose of obtaining information to help it in carrying out its functions the court may at any time order the defendant to give it information specified in the order.

(3)An order under this section may require all or a specified part of the information to be given in a specified manner and before a specified date.

(4)If the defendant fails without reasonable excuse to comply with an order under this section the court may draw such inference as it believes is appropriate.

(5)Subsection (4) does not affect any power of the court to deal with the defendant in respect of a failure to comply with an order under this section.

(6)If the prosecutor or the Director (as the case may be) accepts to any extent an allegation made by the defendant—

(a)in giving information required by an order under this section, or

(b)in any other statement given to the court in relation to any matter relevant to deciding the available amount under section 159,

the court may treat the acceptance as conclusive of the matters to which it relates.

(7)For the purposes of this section an allegation may be accepted in a manner ordered by the court.

(8)If the court makes an order under this section it may at any time vary it by making another one.

(9)No information given under this section which amounts to an admission by the defendant that he has benefited from criminal conduct is admissible in evidence in proceedings for an offence.

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