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Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001

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5(1)The Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)The following sections are inserted after section 21—

21A Failure to disclose: regulated sector

(1)A person commits an offence if each of the following three conditions is satisfied.

(2)The first condition is that he—

(a)knows or suspects, or

(b)has reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting,

that another person has committed an offence under any of sections 15 to 18.

(3)The second condition is that the information or other matter—

(a)on which his knowledge or suspicion is based, or

(b)which gives reasonable grounds for such knowledge or suspicion,

came to him in the course of a business in the regulated sector.

(4)The third condition is that he does not disclose the information or other matter to a constable or a nominated officer as soon as is practicable after it comes to him.

(5)But a person does not commit an offence under this section if—

(a)he has a reasonable excuse for not disclosing the information or other matter;

(b)he is a professional legal adviser and the information or other matter came to him in privileged circumstances.

(6)In deciding whether a person committed an offence under this section the court must consider whether he followed any relevant guidance which was at the time concerned—

(a)issued by a supervisory authority or any other appropriate body,

(b)approved by the Treasury, and

(c)published in a manner it approved as appropriate in its opinion to bring the guidance to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

(7)A disclosure to a nominated officer is a disclosure which—

(a)is made to a person nominated by the alleged offender’s employer to receive disclosures under this section, and

(b)is made in the course of the alleged offender’s employment and in accordance with the procedure established by the employer for the purpose.

(8)Information or other matter comes to a professional legal adviser in privileged circumstances if it is communicated or given to him—

(a)by (or by a representative of) a client of his in connection with the giving by the adviser of legal advice to the client,

(b)by (or by a representative of) a person seeking legal advice from the adviser, or

(c)by a person in connection with legal proceedings or contemplated legal proceedings.

(9)But subsection (8) does not apply to information or other matter which is communicated or given with a view to furthering a criminal purpose.

(10)Schedule 3A has effect for the purpose of determining what is—

(a)a business in the regulated sector;

(b)a supervisory authority.

(11)For the purposes of subsection (2) a person is to be taken to have committed an offence there mentioned if—

(a)he has taken an action or been in possession of a thing, and

(b)he would have committed the offence if he had been in the United Kingdom at the time when he took the action or was in possession of the thing.

(12)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine or to both;

(b)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both.

(13)An appropriate body is any body which regulates or is representative of any trade, profession, business or employment carried on by the alleged offender.

(14)The reference to a constable includes a reference to a person authorised for the purposes of this section by the Director General of the National Criminal Intelligence Service.

21B Protected disclosures

(1)A disclosure which satisfies the following three conditions is not to be taken to breach any restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(2)The first condition is that the information or other matter disclosed came to the person making the disclosure (the discloser) in the course of a business in the regulated sector.

(3)The second condition is that the information or other matter—

(a)causes the discloser to know or suspect, or

(b)gives him reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting,

that another person has committed an offence under any of sections 15 to 18.

(4)The third condition is that the disclosure is made to a constable or a nominated officer as soon as is practicable after the information or other matter comes to the discloser.

(5)A disclosure to a nominated officer is a disclosure which—

(a)is made to a person nominated by the discloser’s employer to receive disclosures under this section, and

(b)is made in the course of the discloser’s employment and in accordance with the procedure established by the employer for the purpose.

(6)The reference to a business in the regulated sector must be construed in accordance with Schedule 3A.

(7)The reference to a constable includes a reference to a person authorised for the purposes of this section by the Director General of the National Criminal Intelligence Service.

(3)In section 19 after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)But this section does not apply if the information came to the person in the course of a business in the regulated sector.

(4)In section 19 after subsection (7) insert—

(7A)The reference to a business in the regulated sector must be construed in accordance with Schedule 3A.

(7B)The reference to a constable includes a reference to a person authorised for the purposes of this section by the Director General of the National Criminal Intelligence Service.

(5)In section 20 after subsection (4) insert—

(5)References to a constable include references to a person authorised for the purposes of this section by the Director General of the National Criminal Intelligence Service.

(6)The following Schedule is inserted after Schedule 3—

SCHEDULE 3AU.K.REGULATED SECTOR AND SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES

PART 1 U.K.REGULATED SECTOR
Business in the regulated sectorU.K.

1(1)A business is in the regulated sector to the extent that it engages in any of the following activities—

(a)accepting deposits by a person with permission under Part 4 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) to accept deposits (including, in the case of a building society, the raising of money from members of the society by the issue of shares);

(b)the business of the National Savings Bank;

(c)business carried on by a credit union;

(d)any home-regulated activity carried on by a European institution in respect of which the establishment conditions in paragraph 13 of Schedule 3 to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, or the service conditions in paragraph 14 of that Schedule, are satisfied;

(e)any activity carried on for the purpose of raising money authorised to be raised under the National Loans Act 1968 (c. 13) under the auspices of the Director of Savings;

(f)the activity of operating a bureau de change, transmitting money (or any representation of monetary value) by any means or cashing cheques which are made payable to customers;

(g)any activity falling within sub-paragraph (2);

(h)any of the activities in points 1 to 12 or 14 of Annex 1 to the Banking Consolidation Directive, ignoring an activity described in any of paragraphs (a) to (g) above;

(i)business which consists of effecting or carrying out contracts of long term insurance by a person who has received official authorisation pursuant to Article 6 or 27 of the First Life Directive.

(2)An activity falls within this sub-paragraph if it constitutes any of the following kinds of regulated activity in the United Kingdom—

(a)dealing in investments as principal or as agent;

(b)arranging deals in investments;

(c)managing investments;

(d)safeguarding and administering investments;

(e)sending dematerialised instructions;

(f)establishing (and taking other steps in relation to) collective investment schemes;

(g)advising on investments.

(3)Paragraphs (a) and (i) of sub-paragraph (1) and sub-paragraph (2) must be read with section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8), any relevant order under that section and Schedule 2 to that Act.

2(1)This paragraph has effect for the purposes of paragraph 1.

(2)Building society” has the meaning given by the Building Societies Act 1986.

(3)Credit union” has the meaning given by the Credit Unions Act 1979 (c. 34) or the Credit Unions (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 (S.I. 1985/1205 (N.I. 12)).

(4)European institution” means an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(b) or (c) of Schedule 3 to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 which qualifies for authorisation for the purposes of that Act under paragraph 12 of that Schedule.

(5)Home-regulated activity” in relation to a European institution, means an activity—

(a)which is specified in Annex 1 to the Banking Consolidation Directive and in respect of which a supervisory authority in the home State of the institution has regulatory functions, and

(b)if the institution is an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(c) of Schedule 3 to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, which the institution carries on in its home State.

(6)Home State”, in relation to a person incorporated in or formed under the law of another member State, means that State.

(7)The Banking Consolidation Directive is the Directive of the European Parliament and Council relating to the taking up and pursuit of the business of credit institutions (No. 2000/12 EC).

(8)The First Life Directive is the First Council Directive on the co-ordination of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the taking up and pursuit of the business of direct life assurance (No. 79/267/EEC).

Excluded activitiesU.K.

3A business is not in the regulated sector to the extent that it engages in any of the following activities—

(a)the issue of withdrawable share capital within the limit set by section 6 of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965 (c. 12) by a society registered under that Act;

(b)the acceptance of deposits from the public within the limit set by section 7(3) of that Act by such a society;

(c)the issue of withdrawable share capital within the limit set by section 6 of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (N.I. c. 24) by a society registered under that Act;

(d)the acceptance of deposits from the public within the limit set by section 7(3) of that Act by such a society;

(e)activities carried on by the Bank of England;

(f)any activity in respect of which an exemption order under section 38 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) has effect if it is carried on by a person who is for the time being specified in the order or falls within a class of persons so specified .

PART 2 U.K.SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES

4(1)Each of the following is a supervisory authority—

(a)the Bank of England;

(b)the Financial Services Authority;

(c)the Council of Lloyd’s;

(d)the Director General of Fair Trading;

(e)a body which is a designated professional body for the purposes of Part 20 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

(2)The Secretary of State is also a supervisory authority in the exercise, in relation to a person carrying on a business in the regulated sector, of his functions under the enactments relating to companies or insolvency or under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

(3)The Treasury are also a supervisory authority in the exercise, in relation to a person carrying on a business in the regulated sector, of their functions under the enactments relating to companies or insolvency or under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

PART 3 U.K.POWER TO AMEND

5(1)The Treasury may by order amend Part 1 or 2 of this Schedule.

(2)An order under sub-paragraph (1) must be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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