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Capital Allowances Act 2001

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Expenditure on thermal insulation, safety measures, etc.

27Application of Part to thermal insulation, safety measures, etc.

(1)Subsection (2) has effect in relation to expenditure if—

(a)it is expenditure to which any of sections 28 to 33 applies, and

(b)an allowance under Part 2 or a deduction in respect of the expenditure could not, in the absence of this section, be made in calculating the income from the qualifying activity in question.

(2)This Part (including in particular section 11(4)) applies as if—

(a)the expenditure were capital expenditure on the provision of plant or machinery for the purposes of the qualifying activity in question, and

(b)the person who incurred the expenditure owned plant or machinery as a result of incurring it.

28Thermal insulation of industrial buildings

(1)This section applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity consisting of a trade has incurred it in adding insulation against loss of heat to an industrial building occupied by him for the purposes of the trade.

(2)This section also applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity consisting of an ordinary Schedule A business has incurred it in adding insulation against loss of heat to an industrial building let by him in the course of the business.

(3)“Industrial building” means a building or structure which is in use for the purposes of a qualifying trade (within the meaning of Chapter 2 of Part 3).

29Fire safety

(1)This section applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity has incurred it in taking required fire precautions in respect of premises which he uses for the purposes of the qualifying activity.

(2)A person takes required fire precautions in respect of premises if—

(a)he has been served with a notice under section 5(4) of the Fire Precautions Act 1971 (c. 40) specifying steps to be taken in respect of the premises, and

(b)he takes the steps specified in the notice.

(3)A person also takes required fire precautions in respect of premises if—

(a)he has not been served with a notice by the fire authority under section 5(4) of the 1971 Act, but has been sent or given a document by or on behalf of the fire authority that specifies steps that might have been specified in respect of the premises in such a notice, and

(b)he takes the steps specified in the document.

(4)A person also takes required fire precautions in respect of premises if—

(a)he has been served with a prohibition notice under section 10 of the 1971 Act in respect of the premises specifying matters giving rise to a risk of a kind mentioned in subsection (2) of that section, and

(b)he takes steps to remedy the matters specified in the prohibition notice.

(5)This section has effect in relation to Northern Ireland subject to the modifications in subsection (6).

(6)The modifications are—

(a)for the references to section 5(4) of the 1971 Act substitute references to Article 26(4) of the Fire Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (S.I.1984/1821 (N.I.11)),

(b)for the reference to section 10 of the 1971 Act substitute a reference to Article 33 of the 1984 Order, and

(c)for the references to a fire authority substitute references to the Fire Authority for Northern Ireland.

30Safety at designated sports grounds

(1)This section applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity has incurred it in taking required safety precautions in respect of a sports ground which is—

(a)designated under section 1 of the Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975 (c. 52) as requiring a safety certificate, and

(b)used by him for the purposes of the qualifying activity.

(2)A person takes required safety precautions in respect of the sports ground if—

(a)a safety certificate has been issued under the 1975 Act for the sports ground, and

(b)he takes steps necessary for compliance with the terms and conditions of the safety certificate.

(3)A person also takes required safety precautions in respect of the sports ground if—

(a)he has been sent or given a document by or on behalf of the local authority for the area in which the sports ground is situated,

(b)the document specifies steps which, if taken, would—

(i)be taken into account by the local authority in deciding what terms and conditions to include in a safety certificate to be issued under the 1975 Act for the sports ground, or

(ii)lead to the amendment or replacement of a safety certificate issued or to be issued under the 1975 Act for the sports ground, and

(c)he takes the steps specified in the document.

31Safety at regulated stands at sports grounds

(1)This section applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity has incurred it in taking required safety precautions in respect of a stand at a sports ground—

(a)the use of which requires a safety certificate under Part III of the Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987 (c. 27), and

(b)which he uses for the purposes of the qualifying activity.

(2)A person takes required safety precautions in respect of the stand at the sports ground if—

(a)a safety certificate has been issued under the 1987 Act for the stand, and

(b)he takes steps necessary for compliance with the terms and conditions of the safety certificate.

(3)A person also takes required safety precautions in respect of the stand at the sports ground if—

(a)he has been sent or given a document by or on behalf of the local authority for the area in which the sports ground is situated,

(b)the document specifies steps which, if taken, would—

(i)be taken into account by the local authority in deciding what terms and conditions to include in a safety certificate to be issued under the 1987 Act for the stand, or

(ii)lead to the amendment or replacement of a safety certificate issued or to be issued under the 1987 Act for the stand, and

(c)he takes the steps specified in the document.

32Safety at other sports grounds

(1)This section applies to expenditure if a person carrying on a qualifying activity has incurred it in taking required safety precautions in respect of a sports ground—

(a)which is of a kind described in section 1(1) of the Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975 (c. 52) but in respect of which no designation order under that section is in force at the time when he takes those precautions, and

(b)which he uses for the purposes of the qualifying activity,

and the expenditure is not incurred in respect of a sports ground stand which is within section 31(1)(a).

(2)A person takes required safety precautions in respect of the sports ground if he takes steps which the relevant local authority certify would have fallen within section 30(2) or (3) if—

(a)a designation order under section 1 of the 1975 Act had then been in force, and

(b)a safety certificate had then been issued or applied for under the 1975 Act.

(3)Any provision of regulations made under section 6(1)(b) of the 1975 Act (power of local authorities to charge fees) applies, with the necessary modifications, to the issue of a certificate for the purposes of subsection (2) as it applies to the issue of a safety certificate.

(4)In subsection (2)—

(a)“the relevant local authority” means the local authority for the area in which the sports ground is situated, and

(b)“local authority” has the same meaning as in the 1975 Act.

33Personal security

(1)This section applies to expenditure if—

(a)it is incurred by an individual or partnership of individuals in connection with the provision for, or for use by, the individual, or any of the individuals, of a security asset,

(b)the individual or partnership is carrying on a relevant qualifying activity, and

(c)the special threat conditions are met.

(2)The special threat conditions are that—

(a)the asset is provided or used to meet a threat which—

(i)is a special threat to the individual’s personal physical security, and

(ii)arises wholly or mainly because of the relevant qualifying activity, and

(b)the person incurring the expenditure—

(i)has the sole object of meeting that threat in incurring that expenditure, and

(ii)intends the asset to be used solely to improve personal physical security.

(3)If—

(a)the person incurring the expenditure intends the asset to be used solely to improve personal physical security, but

(b)there is another use which is incidental to improving personal physical security,

that other use is ignored for the purposes of this section.

(4)The fact that an asset improves the personal physical security of any member of the family or household of the individual concerned, as well as that of the individual, does not prevent this section from applying.

(5)If—

(a)the asset is not intended to be used solely to improve personal physical security, but the expenditure incurred on it would otherwise be expenditure to which this section applies, and

(b)the person incurring the expenditure intends the asset to be used partly to improve personal physical security,

this section applies only to the proportion of the expenditure attributable to the intended use to improve personal physical security.

(6)In this section “security asset” means an asset which improves personal security; and here “asset”—

(a)does not include—

(i)a car, ship or aircraft, or

(ii)a dwelling or grounds appurtenant to a dwelling, but

(b)subject to paragraph (a), includes equipment, a structure (such as a wall) and an asset which becomes fixed to land.

(7)Section 81 (extended meaning of “car”) does not apply in relation to subsection (6)(a).

(8)In this section “relevant qualifying activity” means a qualifying activity consisting of—

(a)a trade,

(b)an ordinary Schedule A business,

(c)a furnished holiday lettings business,

(d)an overseas property business, or

(e)a profession or vocation.

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