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Crime and Disorder Act 1998

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Commencement Orders

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part IE+W+S Prevention of crime and disorder

Chapter IE+W England and Wales

Crime and disorder: generalE+W

1 Anti-social behaviour orders.E+W

(1)An application for an order under this section may be made by a relevant authority if it appears to the authority that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person aged 10 or over, namely—

(a)that the person has acted, since the commencement date, in an anti-social manner, that is to say, in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself; and

[F1(b)that such an order is necessary to protect relevant persons from further anti-social acts by him.

F2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

[F3(1A)In this section and sections 1B and 1E “relevant authority” means—

(a)the council for a local government area;

(b)the chief officer of police of any police force maintained for a police area;

(c)the chief constable of the British Transport Police Force; or

(d)any person registered under section 1 of the Housing Act 1996 (c. 52) as a social landlord who provides or manages any houses or hostel in a local government area.]

[F4(1B)In this section “relevant persons” means—

(a)in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (a) of subsection (1A), persons within the local government area of that council;

(b)in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (b) of that subsection, persons within the police area;

(c)in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (c) of that subsection—

(i)persons who are on or likely to be on policed premises in a local government area; or

(ii)persons who are in the vicinity of or likely to be in the vicinity of such premises;

(d)in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (d) of that subsection—

(i)persons who are residing in or who are otherwise on or likely to be on premises provided or managed by that authority; or

(ii)persons who are in the vicinity of or likely to be in the vicinity of such premises.]

(2)F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Such an application shall be made by complaint to the magistrates’ court whose commission area includes [F6the local government area or police area concerned]

(4)If, on such an application, it is proved that the conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are fulfilled, the magistrates’ court may make an order under this section (an “anti-social behaviour order”) which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(5)For the purpose of determining whether the condition mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above is fulfilled, the court shall disregard any act of the defendant which he shows was reasonable in the circumstances.

[F7(6)The prohibitions that may be imposed by an anti-social behaviour order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting persons (whether relevant persons or persons elsewhere in England and Wales) from further anti-social acts by the defendant.]

(7)An anti-social behaviour order shall have effect for a period (not less than two years) specified in the order or until further order.

(8)Subject to subsection (9) below, the applicant or the defendant may apply by complaint to the court which made an anti-social behaviour order for it to be varied or discharged by a further order.

(9)Except with the consent of both parties, no anti-social behaviour order shall be discharged before the end of the period of two years beginning with the date of service of the order.

(10)If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by an anti-social behaviour order, he [F8is guilty of an offence and] liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.

(11)Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (10) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is so convicted to make an order under subsection (1)(b) (conditional discharge) of [F9section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] in respect of the offence.

(12)In this section—

  • [F10British Transport Police Force” means the force of constables appointed under section 53 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 (c. xxix);]

  • the commencement date” means the date of the commencement of this section;

  • local government area” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England, a district or London borough, the City of London, the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly;

    (b)

    in relation to Wales, a county or county borough.

  • [F11policed premises” has the meaning given by section 53(3) of the British Transport Commission Act 1949.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F8Words in s. 1(10) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(8) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750 {art. 2(a)(vii)}

F9Words in s. 1(11) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 192

F10S. 1(12): definition of "British Transport Police Force" inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(9) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F11S. 1(12): definition of "policed premises" inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(9) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 1(11) modified (30.9.1998) by 1991 c. 53, Sch. 2 para. 8A(10) (as inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 106, Sch. 7 para. 46(11); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings in arts. 5-8))

[F121A Power of Secretary of State to add to relevant authoritiesE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

The Secretary of State may by order provide that the chief officer of a body of constables maintained otherwise than by a police authority is, in such cases and circumstances as may be prescribed by the order, to be a relevant authority for the purposes of section 1 above.]

[F131C Orders on conviction in criminal proceedingsE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)This section applies where a person (the “offender”) is convicted of a relevant offence.

(2)If the court considers—

(a)that the offender has acted, at any time since the commencement date, in an anti-social manner, that is to say in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself, and

(b)that an order under this section is necessary to protect persons in any place in England and Wales from further anti-social acts by him,

it may make an order which prohibits the offender from doing anything described in the order.

(3)The court may make an order under this section whether or not an application has been made for such an order.

(4)An order under this section shall not be made except—

(a)in addition to a sentence imposed in respect of the relevant offence; or

(b)in addition to an order discharging him conditionally.

(5)An order under this section takes effect on the day on which it is made, but the court may provide in any such order that such requirements of the order as it may specify shall, during any period when the offender is detained in legal custody, be suspended until his release from that custody.

(6)An offender subject to an order under this section may apply to the court which made it for it to be varied or discharged.

(7)In the case of an order under this section made by a magistrates’ court, the reference in subsection (6) to the court by which the order was made includes a reference to any magistrates’ court acting for the same petty sessions area as that court.

(8)No application may be made under subsection (6) for the discharge of an order before the end of the period of two years beginning with the day on which the order takes effect.

(9)Subsections (7), (10) and (11) of section 1 apply for the purposes of the making and effect of orders made by virtue of this section as they apply for the purposes of the making and effect of anti-social behaviour orders.

(10)In this section—

  • the commencement date” has the same meaning as in section 1 above;

  • the court” in relation to an offender means—

    (a)

    the court by or before which he is convicted of the relevant offence; or

    (b)

    if he is committed to the Crown Court to be dealt with for that offence, the Crown Court; and

  • relevant offence” means an offence committed after the coming into force of section 64 of the Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30).]

[F141D Interim ordersE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 1D inserted (2.12.2002 for s. 1D(1)(a)(2)-(5) otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 65(1), 108(2); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

(1)The applications to which this section applies are—

(a)an application for an anti-social behaviour order; and

(b)an application for an order under section 1B.

(2)If, before determining an application to which this section applies, the court considers that it is just to make an order under this section pending the determination of that application (“the main application”), it may make such an order.

(3)An order under this section is an order which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(4)An order under this section—

(a)shall be for a fixed period;

(b)may be varied, renewed or discharged;

(c)shall, if it has not previously ceased to have effect, cease to have effect on the determination of the main application.

(5)Subsections (6), (8) and (10) to (12) of section 1 apply for the purposes of the making and effect of orders under this section as they apply for the purposes of the making and effect of anti-social behaviour orders.]

[F151E Consultation requirementsE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

F15S. 1E inserted (2.12.2002 for s. 1E(1)(a)(2)-(5) otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 66; S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

(1)This section applies to—

(a)applications for an anti-social behaviour order; and

(b)applications for an order under section 1B.

(2)Before making an application to which this section applies, the council for a local government area shall consult the chief officer of police of the police force maintained for the police area within which that local government area lies.

(3)Before making an application to which this section applies, a chief officer of police shall consult the council for the local government area in which the person in relation to whom the application is to be made resides or appears to reside.

(4)Before making an application to which this section applies, a relevant authority other than a council for a local government area or a chief officer of police shall consult—

(a)the council for the local government area in which the person in relation to whom the application is to be made resides or appears to reside; and

(b)the chief officer of police of the police force maintained for the police area within which that local government area lies.]

2 Sex offender orders.E+W

(1)If it appears to a chief officer of police that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person [F16who he believes is in, or is intending to come to, his police area] , namely—

(a)that the person is a sex offender; and

(b)that the person has acted, since the relevant date, in such a way as to give reasonable cause to believe that an order under this section is necessary to protect [F17the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public,] from serious harm from him,

the chief officer may apply for an order under this section to be made in respect of the person.

(2)Such an application shall be made by complaint to F18

[F19(a)any magistrates’ court]

[F20; or]

[F21(b)any magistrates’ court whose commission area includes any part of the applicant’s police area.]

whose commission area includes any place where it is alleged that the defendant acted in such a way as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above.

(3)If, on such an application, it is proved that the conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are fulfilled, the magistrates’ court may make an order under this section (a “sex offender order”) which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(4)The prohibitions that may be imposed by a sex offender order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting [F22the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public,] from serious harm from the defendant.

(5)A sex offender order shall have effect for a period (not less than five years) specified in the order or until further order; and while such an order has effect, Part I of the M1Sex Offenders Act 1997 shall have effect as if—

(a)the defendant were subject to the notification requirements of that Part; and

(b)in relation to the defendant, the relevant date (within the meaning of that Part) were the date of service of the order.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, the applicant [F23, any other relevant chief officer of police] or the defendant may apply by complaint to [F24the appropriate court for the sex offender order] to be varied or discharged by a further order.

[F25(6A)In subsection (6) above—

  • the appropriate court” means—

    (a)

    the court which made the sex offender order; or

    (b)

    any magistrates’ court whose commission area includes any part of the police area of the applicant or of any other relevant chief officer of police;

  • relevant chief officer of police” means a chief officer of police who believes that the defendant is in, or is intending to come to, his police area.]

(7)Except with the consent of both parties [F26and subject to subsection (7A) below] , no sex offender order shall be discharged before the end of the period of five years beginning with the date of service of the order.

[F27(7A)Where any magistrates’ court makes a sex offender order in relation to a person who is already subject to such an order (whether made by that court or another), the earlier order is discharged by the making of the subsequent one.]

(8)If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by a sex offender order, he [F28is guilty of an offence and] liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.

(9)Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (8) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is so convicted to make an order under subsection (1)(b) (conditional discharge) of [F29section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] in respect of the offence.

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Amendments (Textual)

F18S. 2(2)(a) and preceding word substituted (2.12.2002) for words in s. 2(2) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(a); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F19S. 2(2)(a) and preceding word substituted (2.12.2002) for words in s. 2(2) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(a); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F22Words in s. 2(4) substituted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(4)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F23Words in s. 2(6) inserted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(5)(a)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F24Words in s. 2(6) substituted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(5)(b)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F25S. 2(6A) inserted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(6)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F29Words in s. 2(9) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 193

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 2(9) modified (30.9.1998) by 1991 c. 53, Sch. 2 para. 8A(10) (as added (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 106, Sch. 7 para. 46(11); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(w)(with savings in arts. 5-8))

Marginal Citations

[F302A Interim orders: sex offendersE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)This section applies where an application for a sex offender order (“the main application”) to a magistrates’ court has not been determined.

(2)The applicant may apply by complaint to the court for an interim order, pending the determination of the main application.

(3)The court may make an interim order prohibiting the defendant from doing anything described in the order if it considers that it is appropriate to do so.

(4)An interim order—

(a)shall have effect for the period specified in the order;

(b)shall (if still in force) cease to have effect on the determination of the main application.

(5)While an interim order is in force, Part 1 of the Sex Offenders Act 1997 (c. 51) shall have effect as if—

(a)the defendant were subject to the notification requirements of that Part; and

(b)in relation to him, the relevant date (within the meaning of that Part) were the date of service of the order.

(6)The applicant or the defendant may apply by complaint to the court which made the interim order for it to be varied or discharged by a further order.

(7)If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by an interim order, he is guilty of an offence.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (7) above shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.

(9)Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (7) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is convicted to make an order under subsection (1)(b)(conditional discharge) of section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c. 6) in respect of the offence.]

[F312B Sex offender orders made in Scotland or Northern IrelandE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)If without reasonable excuse a person does anything in England and Wales which he is prohibited from doing there by—

(a)an order under section 20(4) below; or

(b)an order under Article 6 or 6A of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998/ 2839 (N.I. 20)),

he is guilty of an offence.

(2)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) above shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.

(3)Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is convicted to make an order under subsection (1)(b) (conditional discharge) of section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 in respect of the offence.]

3 Sex offender orders: supplemental.E+W

(1)In section 2 above and this section “sex offender” means a person who—

(a)has been convicted of a sexual offence to which Part I of the M2Sex Offenders Act 1997 applies;

(b)has been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or found to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence;

(c)has been cautioned by a constable, in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, in respect of such an offence which, at the time when the caution was given, he had admitted; or

(d)has been punished under the law in force in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom for an act which—

(i)constituted an offence under that law; and

(ii)would have constituted a sexual offence to which that Part applies if it had been done in any part of the United Kingdom.

(2)In subsection (1) of section 2 above “the relevant date”, in relation to a sex offender, means—

(a)the date or, as the case may be, the latest date on which he has been convicted, found, cautioned or punished as mentioned in subsection (1) above; or

(b)if later, the date of the commencement of that section.

(3)Subsections (2) and (3) of section 6 of the M3Sex Offenders Act 1997 apply for the construction of references in subsections (1) and (2) above as they apply for the construction of references in Part I of that Act.

(4)In subsections (1) and (2) above, any reference to a person having been cautioned shall be construed as including a reference to his having been reprimanded or warned (under section 65 below) as a child or young person.

(5)An act punishable under the law in force in any country or territory outside the United Kingdom constitutes an offence under that law for the purposes of subsection (1) above, however it is described in that law.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, the condition in subsection (1)(d)(i) above shall be taken to be satisfied unless, not later than rules of court may provide, the defendant serves on the applicant a notice—

(a)stating that, on the facts as alleged with respect to the act in question, the condition is not in his opinion satisfied;

(b)showing his grounds for that opinion; and

(c)requiring the applicant to show that it is satisfied.

(7)The court, if it thinks fit, may permit the defendant to require the applicant to show that the condition is satisfied without the prior service of a notice under subsection (6) above.

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Marginal Citations

4 Appeals against orders.E+W

(1)An appeal shall lie to the Crown Court against the making by a magistrates’ court of an anti-social behaviour order [F32, an order under section 1D above,][F33, a sex offender order or an order under section 2A above] .

(2)On such an appeal the Crown Court—

(a)may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its determination of the appeal; and

(b)may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it to be just.

(3)Any order of the Crown Court made on an appeal under this section (other than one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates’ court) shall, for the purposes of section 1(8) or 2(6) above, be treated as if it were an order of the magistrates’ court from which the appeal was brought and not an order of the Crown Court.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I1S. 4 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; S. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; s. 4 in force so far as relating to a sex offender order by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1); S. 4 in force at 1.4.1999 to the extent that it is not already in force by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 5

Crime and disorder strategiesE+W

5 Authorities responsible for strategies.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, the functions conferred by section 6 below shall be exercisable in relation to each local government area by the responsible authorities, that is to say—

(a)the council for the area and, where the area is a district and the council is not a unitary authority, the council for the county which includes the district; and

(b)every chief officer of police any part of whose police area lies within the area.

[F34(1A)The Secretary of State may by order provide in relation to any two or more local government areas in England—

(a)that the functions conferred by sections 6 to 7 below are to be carried out in relation to those areas taken together as if they constituted only one area; and

(b)that the persons who for the purposes of this Chapter are to be taken to be responsible authorities in relation to the combined area are the persons who comprise every person who (apart from the order) would be a responsible authority in relation to any one or more of the areas included in the combined area.

(1B)The Secretary of State shall not make an order under subsection (1A) above unless—

(a)an application for the order has been made jointly by all the persons who would be the responsible authorities in relation to the combined area or the Secretary of State has first consulted those persons; and

(b)he considers it would be in the interests of reducing crime and disorder, or of combatting the misuse of drugs, to make the order.]

(2)In exercising those functions, the responsible authorities shall act in co-operation with the following persons and bodies, namely—

[F35(b)every local probation board any part of whose area lies within the area;]

(c)every person or body of a description which is for the time being prescribed by order of the Secretary of State under this subsection

[F36; and

(d)where they are acting in relation to an area in Wales, every person or body which is of a description which is for the time being prescribed by an order under this subsection of the National Assembly for Wales;]

and it shall be the duty of those persons and bodies to co-operate in the exercise by the responsible authorities of those functions.

(3)The responsible authorities shall also invite the participation in their exercise of those functions of at least one person or body of each description which is for the time being prescribed by order of the Secretary of State under this subsection.

(4)In this section and sections 6 and 7 below “local government area” means—

(a)in relation to England, each district or London borough, the City of London, the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly;

(b)in relation to Wales, each county or county borough.

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Amendments (Textual)

F34S. 5(1A)(1B) inserted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(3); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 3(a)

F35S. 5(2)(b) substituted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) for s. 5(a)(b) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(4)(a); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 3(a)

F36S. 5(2)(d) and preceding word inserted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(4)(b); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 3(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 5: functions of local authority not to be the sole responsibility of the executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 4(1), Sch. 3

Commencement Information

I2S. 5 wholly in force; S. 5 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

6 Formulation and implementation of strategies.E+W

(1)The responsible authorities for a local government area shall, in accordance with the provisions of section 5 above and this section, formulate and implement, for each relevant period,

[F37(a)in the case of an area in England—

(i)a strategy for the reduction of crime and disorder in the area; and

(ii)a strategy for combatting the misuse of drugs in the area;

and

(b)in the case of an area in Wales—

(i)a strategy for the reduction of crime and disorder in the area; and

(ii)a strategy for combatting substance misuse in the area.]

(2)Before formulating a strategy, the responsible authorities shall—

[F38(a)carry out, taking due account of the knowledge and experience of persons in the area, a review—

(i)in the case of an area in England, of the levels and patterns of crime and disorder in the area and of the level and patterns of the misuse of drugs in the area; and

(ii)in the case of an area in Wales, of the levels and patterns of crime and disorder in the area and of the level and patterns of substance misuse in the area;]

(b)prepare an analysis of the results of that review;

(c)publish in the area a report of that analysis; and

(d)obtain the views on that report of persons or bodies in the area (including those of a description prescribed by order under section 5(3) above), whether by holding public meetings or otherwise.

(3)In formulating a strategy, the responsible authorities shall have regard to the analysis prepared under subsection (2)(b) above and the views obtained under subsection (2)(d) above.

(4)A strategy shall include—

(a)objectives to be pursued by the responsible authorities, by co-operating persons or bodies or, under agreements with the responsible authorities, by other persons or bodies; and

(b)long-term and short-term performance targets for measuring the extent to which such objectives are achieved.

(5)After formulating a strategy, the responsible authorities shall publish in the area a document which includes details of—

(a)co-operating persons and bodies;

(b)the review carried out under subsection (2)(a) above;

(c)the report published under subsection (2)(c) above; and

(d)the strategy, including in particular—

(i)the objectives mentioned in subsection (4)(a) above and, in each case, the authorities, persons or bodies by whom they are to be pursued; and

(ii)the performance targets mentioned in subsection (4)(b) above.

(6)While implementing a strategy, the responsible authorities shall keep it under review with a view to monitoring its effectiveness and making any changes to it that appear necessary or expedient.

[F39(6A)Within one month of the end of each reporting period, the responsible authorities shall submit a report on the implementation of their strategies during that period—

(a)in the case of a report relating to the strategies for an area in England, to the Secretary of State; and

(b)in the case of a report relating to the strategies for an area in Wales, to the Secretary of State and to the National Assembly for Wales.]

(7)In this section—

  • co-operating persons or bodies” means persons or bodies co-operating in the exercise of the responsible authorities’ functions under this section;

  • relevant period” means—

    (a)

    the period of three years beginning with such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint; and

    (b)

    each subsequent period of three years.

  • [F40reporting period” means every period of one year which falls within a relevant period and which begins—

    (a)

    in the case of the first reporting period in the relevant period, with the day on which the relevant period begins; and

    (b)

    in any other case, with the day after the day on which the previous reporting period ends;

  • substance misuse” includes the misuse of drugs or alcohol.]

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Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 6: 1.4.1999 appointed day for the purposes of s. 6 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 7

Amendments (Textual)

F37S. 6(1)(a)(b) substituted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) for words by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(7); S.I.2002/2306, art. 3(a)

F38S. 6(2)(a) substituted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(9); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 3(a)

F40S. 6(7): definitions of "reporting period" and "substance misuse" inserted (1.10.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 97(11); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 2(f)(viii)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 6: functions of local authority not to be the sole responsibility of the executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 4(1), Sch. 3

Commencement Information

I3S. 6 wholly in force; S. 6 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; s. 6 in force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

[F416A Powers of the Secretary of State and National Assembly for WalesE+W
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Amendments (Textual)

F41S. 6A inserted (1.10.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 98; S.I. 2002/2306, art. 3(b)

(1)The Secretary of State may, by order, require—

(a)the responsible authorities for local government areas to formulate any section 6 strategy of theirs for the reduction of crime and disorder so as to include, in particular, provision for the reduction of—

(i)crime of a description specified in the order; or

(ii)disorder of a description so specified.

(b)the responsible authorities for local government areas in England to prepare any section 6 strategy of theirs for combatting the misuse of drugs so as to include in it a strategy for combatting, in the area in question, such other forms of substance misuse as may be specified or described in the order.

(2)After formulating any section 6 strategy (whether in a case in which there has been an order under subsection or in any other case), the responsible authorities for a local government area shall send both—

(a)a copy of the strategy, and

(b)a copy of the document which they propose to publish under section 6(5),

to the Secretary of State.

(3)It shall be the duty of the responsible authorities, when preparing any document to be published under section 6(5), to have regard to any guidance issued by the Secretary of State as to the form and content of the documents to be so published.

(4)If the responsible authorities for a local government area propose to make any changes to a section 6 strategy of theirs, they shall send copies of the proposed changes to the Secretary of State.

(5)In subsections (2) to (4)—

(a)references to the Secretary of State, in relation to responsible authorities for local government areas in Wales shall have effect as references to the Secretary of State and the National Assembly for Wales; and

(b)accordingly, guidance issued for the purposes of subsection (3) in relation to local government areas in Wales must be issued by the Secretary of State and that Assembly acting jointly.

(6)In this section—

  • responsible authorities” and “local government area” have same meanings as in sections 5 and 6;

  • section 6 strategy” means a strategy required to be formulated under section 6(1); and

  • substance misuse” has the same meaning as in section 6.]

7 Supplemental.E+W

(1)The responsible authorities for a local government area shall, whenever so required by the Secretary of State, submit to the Secretary of State a report on such matters connected with the exercise of their functions under section 6 above as may be specified in the requirement.

(2)A requirement under subsection (1) above may specify the form in which a report is to be given.

(3)The Secretary of State may arrange, or require the responsible authorities to arrange, for a report under subsection (1) above to be published in such manner as appears to him to be appropriate.

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Commencement Information

I4S. 7 wholly in force; S. 7 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Youth crime and disorderE+W

8 Parenting orders.E+W

(1)This section applies where, in any court proceedings—

(a)a child safety order is made in respect of a child;

(b)an anti-social behaviour order or sex offender order is made in respect of a child or young person;

(c)a child or young person is convicted of an offence; or

(d)a person is convicted of an offence under section 443 (failure to comply with school attendance order) or section 444 (failure to secure regular attendance at school of registered pupil) of the M4Education Act 1996.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) and section 9(1) below [F42 and to section 19(5) of, and paragraph 13(5) of Schedule 1 to, the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000], if in the proceedings the court is satisfied that the relevant condition is fulfilled, it may make a parenting order in respect of a person who is a parent or guardian of the child or young person or, as the case may be, the person convicted of the offence under section 443 or 444 (“the parent”).

(3)A court shall not make a parenting order unless it has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing such orders are available in the area in which it appears to the court that the parent resides or will reside and the notice has not been withdrawn.

(4)A parenting order is an order which requires the parent—

(a)to comply, for a period not exceeding twelve months, with such requirements as are specified in the order; and

(b)subject to subsection (5) below, to attend, for a concurrent period not exceeding three months and not more than once in any week, such counselling or guidance sessions as may be specified in directions given by the responsible officer;

and in this subsection “week” means a period of seven days beginning with a Sunday.

(5)A parenting order may, but need not, include such a requirement as is mentioned in subsection (4)(b) above in any case where such an order has been made in respect of the parent on a previous occasion.

(6)The relevant condition is that the parenting order would be desirable in the interests of preventing—

(a)in a case falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) above, any repetition of the kind of behaviour which led to the child safety order, anti-social behaviour order or sex offender order being made;

(b)in a case falling within paragraph (c) of that subsection, the commission of any further offence by the child or young person;

(c)in a case falling within paragraph (d) of that subsection, the commission of any further offence under section 443 or 444 of the M5Education Act 1996.

(7)The requirements that may be specified under subsection (4)(a) above are those which the court considers desirable in the interests of preventing any such repetition or, as the case may be, the commission of any such further offence.

(8)In this section and section 9 below “responsible officer”, in relation to a parenting order, means one of the following who is specified in the order, namely—

(a)[F43an officer of a local probation board] ;

(b)a social worker of a local authority social services department; and

[F44(bb)a person nominated by a person appointed as chief education officer under section 532 of the M6Education Act 1996]

(c)a member of a youth offending team.

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Amendments (Textual)

F42Words in s. 8(2) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 194

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 8 restricted (26.6.2000) by 1999 c. 23, ss. 4(5)(6), (with Sch. 7 paras. 3(3), 5(2)); S.I. 2000/1587, art. 2; which s. 4 of that 1999 Act was repealed (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(4), 168(1), Sch. 12 Pt. I (with Sch. 11 paras. 1, 2)

Commencement Information

I5S. 8 wholly in force; S. 8 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

9 Parenting orders: supplemental.E+W

(1)Where a person under the age of 16 is convicted of an offence, the court by or before which he is so convicted—

(a)if it is satisfied that the relevant condition is fulfilled, shall make a parenting order; and

(b)if it is not so satisfied, shall state in open court that it is not and why it is not.

[F45(1A)Subsection (1) above has effect subject to [F46section 19(5) of, and paragraph 13(5) of Schedule 1 to, the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000].]

(2)Before making a parenting order—

(a)in a case falling within paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 8 above;

(b)in a case falling within paragraph (b) or (c) of that subsection, where the person concerned is under the age of 16; or

(c)in a case falling within paragraph (d) of that subsection, where the person to whom the offence related is under that age,

a court shall obtain and consider information about the person’s family circumstances and the likely effect of the order on those circumstances.

(3)Before making a parenting order, a court shall explain to the parent in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and of the requirements proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences which may follow (under subsection (7) below) if he fails to comply with any of those requirements; and

(c)that the court has power (under subsection (5) below) to review the order on the application either of the parent or of the responsible officer.

(4)Requirements specified in, and directions given under, a parenting order shall, as far as practicable, be such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the parent’s religious beliefs; and

(b)any interference with the times, if any, at which he normally works or attends an educational establishment.

(5)If while a parenting order is in force it appears to the court which made it, on the application of the responsible officer or the parent, that it is appropriate to make an order under this subsection, the court may make an order discharging the parenting order or varying it—

(a)by cancelling any provision included in it; or

(b)by inserting in it (either in addition to or in substitution for any of its provisions) any provision that could have been included in the order if the court had then had power to make it and were exercising the power.

(6)Where an application under subsection (5) above for the discharge of a parenting order is dismissed, no further application for its discharge shall be made under that subsection by any person except with the consent of the court which made the order.

(7)If while a parenting order is in force the parent without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any requirement included in the order, or specified in directions given by the responsible officer, he shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

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Amendments (Textual)

F45S. 9(1A) inserted (26.6.2000) by 1999 c. 23, s. 67(1), Sch. 4 paras. 25, 27 (with Sch. 7 paras. 3(3), 5(2)); 2000/1587, art. 2

F46Words in s. 9(1A) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 195

Commencement Information

I6S. 9 wholly in force; S. 9 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

10 Appeals against parenting orders.E+W

(1)An appeal shall lie—

(a)to the High Court against the making of a parenting order by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 8 above; and

(b)to the Crown Court against the making of a parenting order by virtue of paragraph (b) of that subsection.

(2)On an appeal under subsection (1) above the High Court or the Crown Court—

(a)may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its determination of the appeal; and

(b)may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it to be just.

(3)Any order of the High Court or the Crown Court made on an appeal under subsection (1) above (other than one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates’ court) shall, for the purposes of subsections (5) to (7) of section 9 above, be treated as if it were an order of the court from which the appeal was brought and not an order of the High Court or the Crown Court.

(4)A person in respect of whom a parenting order is made by virtue of section 8(1)(c) above shall have the same right of appeal against the making of the order as if—

(a)the offence that led to the making of the order were an offence committed by him; and

(b)the order were a sentence passed on him for the offence.

(5)A person in respect of whom a parenting order is made by virtue of section 8(1)(d) above shall have the same right of appeal against the making of the order as if the order were a sentence passed on him for the offence that led to the making of the order.

(6)The Lord Chancellor may by order make provision as to the circumstances in which appeals under subsection (1)(a) above may be made against decisions taken by courts on questions arising in connection with the transfer, or proposed transfer, of proceedings by virtue of any order under paragraph 2 of Schedule 11 (jurisdiction) to the M7Children Act 1989 (“the 1989 Act”).

(7)Except to the extent provided for in any order made under subsection (6) above, no appeal may be made against any decision of a kind mentioned in that subsection.

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Commencement Information

I7S. 10 wholly in force at 1.6.2000; S. 10 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; S. 10(1)-(5) in force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8); s. 10(6)(7) in force at 1.6.2000 by S.I. 2000/924, art. 5

Marginal Citations

11 Child safety orders.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, if a magistrates’ court, on the application of a local authority, is satisfied that one or more of the conditions specified in subsection (3) below are fulfilled with respect to a child under the age of 10, it may make an order (a “child safety order”) which—

(a)places the child, for a period (not exceeding the permitted maximum) specified in the order, under the supervision of the responsible officer; and

(b)requires the child to comply with such requirements as are so specified.

(2)A court shall not make a child safety order unless it has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing such orders are available in the area in which it appears that the child resides or will reside and the notice has not been withdrawn.

(3)The conditions are—

(a)that the child has committed an act which, if he had been aged 10 or over, would have constituted an offence;

(b)that a child safety order is necessary for the purpose of preventing the commission by the child of such an act as is mentioned in paragraph (a) above;

(c)that the child has contravened a ban imposed by a curfew notice; and

(d)that the child has acted in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself.

(4)The maximum period permitted for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) above is three months or, where the court is satisfied that the circumstances of the case are exceptional, 12 months.

(5)The requirements that may be specified under subsection (1)(b) above are those which the court considers desirable in the interests of—

(a)securing that the child receives appropriate care, protection and support and is subject to proper control; or

(b)preventing any repetition of the kind of behaviour which led to the child safety order being made.

(6)Proceedings under this section or section 12 below shall be family proceedings for the purposes of the 1989 Act or section 65 of the M8Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (“the 1980 Act”); and the standard of proof applicable to such proceedings shall be that applicable to civil proceedings.

(7)In this section “local authority” has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act.

(8)In this section and section 12 below, “responsible officer”, in relation to a child safety order, means one of the following who is specified in the order, namely—

(a)a social worker of a local authority social services department; and

(b)a member of a youth offending team.

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Commencement Information

I8S. 11 wholly in force; S. 11 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

12 Child safety orders: supplemental.E+W

(1)Before making a child safety order, a magistrates’ court shall obtain and consider information about the child’s family circumstances and the likely effect of the order on those circumstances.

(2)Before making a child safety order, a magistrates’ court shall explain to the parent or guardian of the child in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and of the requirements proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences which may follow (under subsection (6) below) if the child fails to comply with any of those requirements; and

(c)that the court has power (under subsection (4) below) to review the order on the application either of the parent or guardian or of the responsible officer.

(3)Requirements included in a child safety order shall, as far as practicable, be such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the parent’s religious beliefs; and

(b)any interference with the times, if any, at which the child normally attends school.

(4)If while a child safety order is in force in respect of a child it appears to the court which made it, on the application of the responsible officer or a parent or guardian of the child, that it is appropriate to make an order under this subsection, the court may make an order discharging the child safety order or varying it—

(a)by cancelling any provision included in it; or

(b)by inserting in it (either in addition to or in substitution for any of its provisions) any provision that could have been included in the order if the court had then had power to make it and were exercising the power.

(5)Where an application under subsection (4) above for the discharge of a child safety order is dismissed, no further application for its discharge shall be made under that subsection by any person except with the consent of the court which made the order.

(6)Where a child safety order is in force and it is proved to the satisfaction of the court which made it or another magistrates’ court acting for the same petty sessions area, on the application of the responsible officer, that the child has failed to comply with any requirement included in the order, the court—

(a)may discharge the order and make in respect of him a care order under subsection (1)(a) of section 31 of the 1989 Act; or

(b)may make an order varying the order—

(i)by cancelling any provision included in it; or

(ii)by inserting in it (either in addition to or in substitution for any of its provisions) any provision that could have been included in the order if the court had then had power to make it and were exercising the power.

(7)Subsection (6)(a) above applies whether or not the court is satisfied that the conditions mentioned in section 31(2) of the 1989 Act are fulfilled.

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Commencement Information

I9S. 12 wholly in force; S. 12 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

13 Appeals against child safety orders.E+W

(1)An appeal shall lie to the High Court against the making by a magistrates’ court of a child safety order; and on such an appeal the High Court—

(a)may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its determination of the appeal; and

(b)may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it to be just.

(2)Any order of the High Court made on an appeal under this section (other than one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates’ court) shall, for the purposes of subsections (4) to (6) of section 12 above, be treated as if it were an order of the magistrates’ court from which the appeal was brought and not an order of the High Court.

(3)Subsections (6) and (7) of section 10 above shall apply for the purposes of subsection (1) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) of that section.

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Commencement Information

I10S. 13 wholly in force at 1.6.2000; S. 13 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; S. 13(1)(2) in force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8); s. 13(3) in force at 1.6.2000 by S.I. 2000/924, art. 5

14 Local child curfew schemes.E+W

(1)A local authority [F47or a chief officer of police] may make a scheme (a “local child curfew scheme”) for enabling the authority [F48or (as the case may be) the officer]

(a)subject to and in accordance with the provisions of the scheme; and

(b)if, after such consultation as is required by the scheme, the authority [F48or (as the case may be) the officer] considers it necessary to do so for the purpose of maintaining order,

to give a notice imposing, for a specified period (not exceeding 90 days), a ban to which subsection (2) below applies.

(2)This subsection applies to a ban on children of specified ages ([F49under 16]) being in a public place within a specified area—

(a)during specified hours (between 9 pm and 6 am); and

(b)otherwise than under the effective control of a parent or a responsible person aged 18 or over.

(3)Before making a local child curfew scheme, a local authority shall consult—

(a)every chief officer of police any part of whose police area lies within its area; and

(b)such other persons or bodies as it considers appropriate.

[F50(3A)Before making a local child curfew scheme, a chief officer of police shall consult—

(a)every local authority any part of whose area lies within the area to be specified; and

(b)such other persons or bodies as he considers appropriate.]

[F51(4)A local child curfew scheme shall, if made by a local authority, be made under the common seal of the authority.

(4A)A local child curfew scheme shall not have effect until it is confirmed by the Secretary of State.]

(5)The Secretary of State—

(a)may confirm, or refuse to confirm, a local child curfew scheme submitted under this section for confirmation; and

(b)may fix the date on which such a scheme is to come into operation;

and if no date is so fixed, the scheme shall come into operation at the end of the period of one month beginning with the date of its confirmation.

(6)A notice given under a local child curfew scheme (a “curfew notice”) may specify different hours in relation to children of different ages.

(7)A curfew notice shall be given—

(a)by posting the notice in some conspicuous place or places within the specified area; and

(b)in such other manner, if any, as appears to the local authority [F52or (as the case may be) the chief officer of police] to be desirable for giving publicity to the notice.

(8)In this section—

  • local authority” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England, the council of a district or London borough, the Common Council of the City of London, the Council of the Isle of Wight and the Council of the Isles of Scilly;

    (b)

    in relation to Wales, the council of a county or county borough;

  • public place” has the same meaning as in Part II of the M9Public Order Act 1986.

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Amendments (Textual)

F47Words in s. 14(1) inserted (1.8.2001) by 2001 c. 16, s. 49(2)(a); S.I. 2001/2223, art. 3

F48Words in s. 14(1) inserted (1.8.2001) by 2001 c. 16, s. 49(2)(b); S.I. 2001/2223, art. 3

F49Words in s. 14(2) substituted (1.8.2001) by 2001 c. 16, s. 48; S.I. 2001/2223, art. 3

F51S. 14(4)(4A) substituted (1.8.2001) for s. 14(4) by 2001 c. 16, s. 49(4); S.I. 2001/2223, art. 3

F52Words in s. 14(7)(b) inserted (1.8.2001) by 2001 c. 16, s. 49(5); S.I. 2001/2223, art. 3

Commencement Information

I11S. 14 wholly in force; S. 14 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

15 Contravention of curfew notices.E+W

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) below apply where a constable has reasonable cause to believe that a child is in contravention of a ban imposed by a curfew notice.

(2)The constable shall, as soon as practicable, inform the local authority for the area that the child has contravened the ban.

(3)The constable may remove the child to the child’s place of residence unless he has reasonable cause to believe that the child would, if removed to that place, be likely to suffer significant harm.

(4)In subsection (1) of section 47 of the 1989 Act (local authority’s duty to investigate)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after sub-paragraph (ii) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—

(iii)has contravened a ban imposed by a curfew notice within the meaning of Chapter I of Part I of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998; or; and

(b)at the end there shall be inserted the following paragraph— “ In the case of a child falling within paragraph (a)(iii) above, the enquiries shall be commenced as soon as practicable and, in any event, within 48 hours of the authority receiving the information. ”

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Commencement Information

I12S. 15 wholly in force; S. 15 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

16 Removal of truants to designated premises etc.E+W

(1)This section applies where a local authority—

(a)designates premises in a police area (“designated premises”) as premises to which children and young persons of compulsory school age may be removed under this section; and

(b)notifies the chief officer of police for that area of the designation.

(2)A police officer of or above the rank of superintendent may direct that the powers conferred on a constable by subsection (3) below—

(a)shall be exercisable as respects any area falling within the police area and specified in the direction; and

(b)shall be so exercisable during a period so specified;

and references in that subsection to a specified area and a specified period shall be construed accordingly.

(3)If a constable has reasonable cause to believe that a child or young person found by him in a public place in a specified area during a specified period—

(a)is of compulsory school age; and

(b)is absent from a school without lawful authority,

the constable may remove the child or young person to designated premises, or to the school from which he is so absent.

[F53(3A)The power of a police officer of or above the rank of superintendent under subsection (2) to specify any area falling within a police area shall be exercisable by such an officer who is a member of the British Transport Police as if the reference in that subsection to an area in the police area were a reference to—

(a)any area in or in the vicinity of any policed premises; or

(b)the whole or any part of any such premises;

and references in subsection (3) to the specified area shall have effect accordingly.]

(4)A child’s or young person’s absence from a school shall be taken to be without lawful authority unless it falls within subsection (3) (leave, sickness, unavoidable cause or day set apart for religious observance) of section 444 of the M10Education Act 1996.

(5)In this section—

  • [F54British Transport Police” means the force of constables appointed under section 53 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 (c. xxix);]

  • local authority” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England, a county council, a district council whose district does not form part of an area that has a county council, a London borough council or the Common Council of the City of London;

    (b)

    in relation to Wales, a county council or a county borough council;

  • [F55policed premises” has the meaning given by section 53(3) of the British Transport Commission Act 1949;]

  • public place” has the same meaning as in section 14 above;

  • school” has the same meaning as in the M11Education Act 1996.

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Amendments (Textual)

F54S. 16(5): definition of "British Transport Police" inserted (1.10.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 75(2)(a); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 2(d)(vii)

F55S. 16(5): definition of "policed premises" inserted (1.10.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 75(2)(b); S.I. 2002/2306 {art. 2(d)(vii)}

Marginal Citations

Miscellaneous and supplementalE+W

17 Duty to consider crime and disorder implications.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to any other obligation imposed on it, it shall be the duty of each authority to which this section applies to exercise its various functions with due regard to the likely effect of the exercise of those functions on, and the need to do all that it reasonably can to prevent, crime and disorder in its area.

(2)This section applies to a local authority, a joint authority, [F56the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority,] a police authority, a National Park authority and the Broads Authority.

(3)In this section—

  • local authority” means a local authority within the meaning given by section 270(1) of the M12Local Government Act 1972 or the Common Council of the City of London;

  • joint authority” has the same meaning as in the M13Local Government Act 1985;

  • National Park authority” means an authority established under section 63 of the M14Environment Act 1995.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I13S. 17 wholly in force; S. 17 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121. In force at 30.9.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

18 Interpretation etc. of Chapter I.E+W

(1)In this Chapter—

  • anti-social behaviour order” has the meaning given by section 1(4) above;

  • chief officer of police” has the meaning given by section 101(1) of the M15Police Act 1996;

  • child safety order” has the meaning given by section 11(1) above;

  • curfew notice” has the meaning given by section 14(6) above;

  • local child curfew scheme” has the meaning given by section 14(1) above;

  • parenting order” has the meaning given by section 8(4) above;

  • police area” has the meaning given by section 1(2) of the M16Police Act 1996;

  • police authority” has the meaning given by section 101(1) of that Act;

  • responsible officer”—

    (a)

    in relation to a parenting order, has the meaning given by section 8(8) above;

    (b)

    in relation to a child safety order, has the meaning given by section 11(8) above;

  • sex offender order” has the meaning given by section 2(3) above.

[F57(2)In this Chapter, “protecting the public from serious harm” shall be construed in accordance with section 161(4) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000.]

(3)Where directions under a parenting order are to be given by [F58an officer of a local probation board], [F58the officer of a local probation board] shall be an officer appointed for or assigned to the petty sessions area within which it appears to the court that the child or, as the case may be, the parent resides or will reside.

(4)Where the supervision under a child safety order is to be provided, or directions under a parenting order are to be given, by—

(a)a social worker of a local authority social services department; or

(b)a member of a youth offending team,

the social worker or member shall be a social worker of, or a member of a youth offending team established by, the local authority within whose area it appears to the court that the child or, as the case may be, the parent resides or will reside.

(5)For the purposes of this Chapter the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple form part of the City of London.

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Amendments (Textual)

F57S. 18(2) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 196

Commencement Information

I14S. 18 wholly in force; s. 18 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; In force at 30.9.1998 by 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

Chapter IIS Scotland

19 Anti-social behaviour orders.S

(1)A local authority may make an application for an order under this section if it appears to the authority that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person of or over the age of 16, namely—

(a)that the person has—

(i)acted in an anti-social manner, that is to say, in a manner that caused or was likely to cause alarm or distress; or

(ii)pursued a course of anti-social conduct, that is to say, pursued a course of conduct that caused or was likely to cause alarm or distress,

to one or more persons not of the same household as himself in the authority’s area (and in this section “anti-social acts” and “anti-social conduct” shall be construed accordingly); and

(b)that such an order is necessary to protect persons in the authority’s area from further anti-social acts or conduct by him.

(2)An application under subsection (1) above shall be made by summary application to the sheriff within whose sheriffdom the alarm or distress was alleged to have been caused or to have been likely to be caused.

(3)On an application under subsection (1) above, the sheriff may, if he is satisfied that the conditions mentioned in that subsection are fulfilled, make an order under this section (an “anti-social behaviour order”) which, for the purpose of protecting persons in the area of the local authority from further anti-social acts or conduct by the person against whom the order is sought, prohibits him from doing anything described in the order.

(4)For the purpose of determining whether the condition mentioned in subsection (1)(a) is fulfilled, the sheriff shall disregard any act of the person in respect of whom the application is made which that person shows was reasonable in the circumstances.

(5)This section does not apply in relation to anything done before the commencement of this section.

(6)Nothing in this section shall prevent a local authority from instituting any legal proceedings otherwise than under this section against any person in relation to any anti-social act or conduct.

(7)In this section “conduct” includes speech and a course of conduct must involve conduct on at least two occasions.

(8)In this section and section 21 below “local authority” means a council constituted under section 2 of the M17Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 and any reference to the area of such an authority is a reference to the local government area within the meaning of that Act for which it is so constituted.

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Commencement Information

I15S. 19 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; S. 19 not in force at Royal assent, see s. 121; S. 19 in force in Scotland at 1.4.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 5

Marginal Citations

20 Sex offender orders.S

(1)An application for an order under this section may be made by a chief constable if it appears to him that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) below are fulfilled with respect to any person [F59who he believes is in, or is intending to come to, the area of his police force] .

(2)The conditions are—

(a)that the person in respect of whom the application for the order is made is—

(i)of or over the age of 16 years; and

(ii)a sex offender; and

(b)that the person has acted, since the relevant date, in such a way as to give reasonable cause to believe that an order under this section is necessary to protect [F60the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public] from serious harm from him.

(3)An application under subsection (1) above shall be made by summary application to

[F61(a)] the sheriff within whose sheriffdom the person is alleged to have acted as mentioned in subsection (2)(b) above.

[F62; or

(b)the sheriff whose sheriffdom includes any part of the area of the applicant’s police force.]

(4)On an application under subsection (1) above the sheriff may—

(a)pending the determination of the application, make any such interim order as he considers appropriate; and

(b)if he is satisfied that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) above are fulfilled, make an order under this section (“a sex offender order”) which prohibits the person in respect of whom it is made from doing anything described in the order.

(5)The prohibitions that may be imposed by an order made under subsection (4) above are those necessary for the purpose of protecting [F63the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public,] from serious harm from the person in respect of whom the order is made.

(6)While a sex offender order has effect, Part I of the M18Sex Offenders Act 1997 shall have effect as if—

(a)the person in respect of whom the order has been obtained were subject to the notification requirements of that Part; and

(b)in relation to that person, the relevant date (within the meaning of that Part) were the date on which the copy of the order was given or delivered to that person in accordance with subsections (8) and (9) of section 21 below.

(7)Section 3 above applies for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of section 2 above with the following modifications—

(a)any reference in that section to the defendant shall be construed as a reference to the person in respect of whom the order is sought; and

(b)in subsection (2) of that section, the reference to subsection (1) of the said section 2 shall be construed as a reference to subsection (2)(b) of this section.

(8)A constable may arrest without warrant a person whom he reasonably suspects of doing, or having done, anything prohibited by an order under subsection (4)(a) above or a sex offender order.

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Amendments (Textual)

F62S. 20(3)(b) and preceding word inserted (1.10.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(4)(b); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

F63Words in s. 20(5) substituted (1.10.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 70(9)) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(5)(9); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

Marginal Citations

21 Procedural provisions with respect to orders.S

(1)Before making an application under—

(a)section 19(1) above;

(b)subsection (7)(b)(i) below,

the local authority shall consult the relevant chief constable.

(2)Before making an application under section 20(1) above or subsection (7)(b)(i) below, the chief constable shall consult the local authority within whose area the person in respect of whom the order is sought is for the time being.

(3)In subsection (1) above “relevant chief constable” means the chief constable of the police force maintained under the M19Police (Scotland) Act 1967 the area of which includes the area of the local authority making the application.

(4)A failure to comply with subsection (1) or (2) above shall not affect the validity of an order made on any application to which either of those subsections applies.

(5)A record of evidence shall be kept on any summary application under section 19 or 20 above or subsection (7)(b) below.

(6)Subsections (7) to (9) below apply to anti-social behaviour orders and sex offender orders and subsections (8) and (9) below apply to an order made under section 20(4)(a) above.

(7)An order to which this subsection applies—

(a)shall have effect for a period specified in the order or indefinitely; and

(b)may at any time be varied or revoked [F64(in the case of a sex offender order, by the appropriate court for that order)] on a summary application by—

(i)the local authority or, as the case may be, chief constable who obtained the order [F65or, in the case of a sex offender order, any other relevant chief constable] ; or

(ii)the person subject to the order.

[F66(7A)In subsection (7) above—

  • the appropriate court” means—

    (a)

    the sheriff who made the sex offender order; or

    (b)

    the sheriff whose sheriffdom includes any part of the area of the applicant’s police force or of the police force of any other relevant chief constable;

  • relevant chief constable” means a chief constable who believes that the accused is in, or is intending to come to, the area of his police force.]

[F67(7B)Where a sheriff makes a sex offender order in relation to a person who is already subject to such an order (whether made by that court or another), the earlier order is discharged by the making of the subsequent one.]

(8)The clerk of the court by which an order to which this subsection applies is made or varied shall cause a copy of the order as so made or varied to be—

(a)given to the person named in the order; or

(b)sent to the person so named by registered post or by the recorded delivery service.

(9)An acknowledgement or certificate of delivery of a letter sent under subsection (8)(b) above issued by the Post Office shall be sufficient evidence of the delivery of the letter on the day specified in such acknowledgement or certificate.

(10)Where an appeal is lodged against the determination of an application under section 19 or 20 above or subsection (7)(b) above, any order made on the application shall, without prejudice to the determination of an application under subsection (7)(b) above made after the lodging of the appeal, continue to have effect pending the disposal of the appeal.

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Amendments (Textual)

F64Words in s. 21(7)(b) inserted (1.10.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 70(9)) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(6)(a)(9); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

F65Words in s. 21(7)(b)(i) inserted (1.10.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 70(9)) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(6)(b); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

F66S. 21(7A) inserted (1.10.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 70(9)) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(7)(9); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

F67S. 21(7B) inserted (1.10.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 70(9)) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 70(8)(9); S.I. 2002/420, art. 2

Commencement Information

I16S. 21 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; s. 21 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; s. 21 in force at 1.12.1998 for the purposes of sex offender orders made under s. 20 and orders made under s. 20(4)(a) by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1); S. 21 in force to the extent that it is not already in force at 1.4.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 5

Marginal Citations

[F6821A Sex offender orders made in England and Wales or Northern IrelandS
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)If without reasonable excuse a person does anything in Scotland which he is prohibited from doing there by—

(a)an order under section 2(3) or 2A above; or

(b)an order under Article 6 or 6A of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998/ 2839 (N.I. 20)),

he is guilty of an offence.

(2)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) above shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.]

22 Offences in connection with breach of orders.S

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, if without reasonable excuse a person breaches an anti-social behaviour order by doing anything which he is prohibited from doing by the order, he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a term of imprisonment not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine or to both.

(2)Subsection (3) applies where—

(a)the breach of the anti-social behaviour order referred to in subsection (1) above consists in the accused having acted in a manner prohibited by the order which constitutes a separate offence (in this section referred to as the “separate offence”); and

(b)the accused has been charged with that separate offence.

(3)Where this subsection applies, the accused shall not be liable to be proceeded against for an offence under subsection (1) above but, subject to subsection (4) below, the court which sentences him for that separate offence shall, in determining the appropriate sentence or disposal for that offence, have regard to—

(a)the fact that the offence was committed by him while subject to an anti-social behaviour order;

(b)the number of such orders to which he was subject at the time of the commission of the offence;

(c)any previous conviction of the accused of an offence under subsection (1) above; and

(d)the extent to which the sentence or disposal in respect of any such previous conviction of the accused differed, by virtue of this subsection, from that which the court would have imposed but for this subsection.

(4)The court shall not, under subsection (3) above, have regard to the fact that the separate offence was committed while the accused was subject to an anti-social behaviour order unless that fact is libelled in the indictment or, as the case may be, specified in the complaint.

(5)The fact that the separate offence was committed while the accused was subject to an anti-social behaviour order shall, unless challenged—

(a)in the case of proceedings on indictment, by giving notice of a preliminary objection under paragraph (b) of section 72 of the M20Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (“the 1995 Act”) or under that paragraph as applied by section 71(2) of that Act; or

(b)in summary proceedings, by preliminary objection before his plea is recorded,

be held as admitted.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, subsections (1) to (5) above apply in relation to an order under section 20(4)(a) above and to a sex offender order as they apply in relation to an anti-social behaviour order.

(7)Subsection (2) above as applied for the purposes of subsection (6) above shall have effect with the substitution of the words “ at the time at which he committed ” for the words “which constitutes”.

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Commencement Information

I17S. 22 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; S. 22 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; S. 22(6)(7) and for the purposes of their application to an order under s. 20(4)(a) and to a sex offender order made under s. 20, s. 22(1)-(5) in force at 1.12.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1); S. 22 in force to the extent that it is not already in force at 1.4.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 5

Marginal Citations

23 Anti-social behaviour as ground of eviction.S

(1)F69. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)F69. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)F69. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)For Ground 15 in Schedule 5 to the M21Housing (Scotland) Act 1988 (eviction on ground of use of premises for immoral or illegal purposes etc.) there shall be substituted the following—

Ground 15

The tenant, a person residing or lodging in the house with the tenant or a person visiting the house has—

(a)been convicted of—

(i)using or allowing the house to be used for immoral or illegal purposes; or

(ii)an offence punishable by imprisonment committed in, or in the locality of, the house; or

(b)acted in an anti-social manner in relation to a person residing, visiting or otherwise engaging in lawful activity in the locality; or

(c)pursued a course of anti-social conduct in relation to such a person as is mentioned in head (b) above.

In this Ground “anti-social”, in relation to an action or course of conduct, means causing or likely to cause alarm, distress, nuisance or annoyance, “conduct” includes speech and a course of conduct must involve conduct on at least two occasions and “tenant” includes any one of joint tenants.

(5)No person shall be liable to eviction under paragraph 2 or 7 of Schedule 3 to the M22Housing (Scotland) Act 1987 or Ground 15 in Schedule 5 to the M23Housing (Scotland) Act 1988 as substituted respectively by subsection (2), (3) and (4) above in respect of any act or conduct before the commencement of this section unless he would have been liable to be evicted under those paragraphs or, as the case may be, that Ground as they had effect before that substitution.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

24 Noise-making equipment: police power of seizure.S

(1)The M24Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 shall be amended in accordance with this section.

(2)In section 54 (offence of playing instruments, etc.), after subsection (2) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(2A)Where a constable reasonably suspects that an offence under subsection (1) above has been committed in relation to a musical instrument or in relation to such a device as is mentioned in paragraph (c) of that subsection, he may enter any premises on which he reasonably suspects that instrument or device to be and seize any such instrument or device he finds there.

(2B)A constable may use reasonable force in the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (2A) above.

(2C)Schedule 2A to this Act (which makes provision in relation to the retention and disposal of property seized under subsection (2A) above) shall have effect.

(3)In section 60 (powers of search and seizure)—

(a)in subsection (5)—

(i)after the words “Nothing in” there shall be inserted the words “ section 54(2A) of this Act or ”; and

(ii)for the words from “which” to the end there shall be substituted the words “ which is otherwise exercisable by a constable ”; and

(b)in subsection (6)—

(i)in paragraph (a), for the words from “in pursuance” to the word “vessel” there shall be substituted the words— to enter and search—

(i)any premises in pursuance of section 54(2A) of this Act or of subsection (1) above; or

(ii)any vehicle or vessel in pursuance of the said subsection (1),; and

(ii)in paragraph (c), after “under” there shall be inserted the words “ section 54(2A) of this Act or ”.

(4)After Schedule 2 there shall be inserted the Schedule set out in Schedule 1 to this Act.

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Marginal Citations

Chapter IIIE+W+S Great Britain

25 Powers to require removal of masks etc.E+W+S

[F70(1)After subsection (4) of section 60 (powers to stop and search in anticipation of violence) of the M25Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (“the 1994 Act”) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(4A)This section also confers on any constable in uniform power—

(a)to require any person to remove any item which the constable reasonably believes that person is wearing wholly or mainly for the purpose of concealing his identity;

(b)to seize any item which the constable reasonably believes any person intends to wear wholly or mainly for that purpose.]

(2)In subsection (5) of that section, for the words “those powers” there shall be substituted the words “ the powers conferred by subsection (4) above ”.

(3)In subsection (8) of that section, for the words “to stop or (as the case may be) to stop the vehicle” there shall be substituted the following paragraphs—

(a)to stop, or to stop a vehicle; or

(b)to remove an item worn by him,.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F70S. 25(1) repealed (E.W.) (14.12.2001) by 2001 c. 24, ss. 125, 127(2)(i), Sch. 8 Pt. 6

Commencement Information

I18S. 25 wholly in force at 1.3.1999; S. 25 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; S. 25 expressed to be in force at 1.12.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1) (which entry relating to the commencement of s. 25 omitted (30.8.1998) by virtue of S.I. 1998/2906, art. 2); S. 25 in force at 1.3.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 4

Marginal Citations

26 Retention and disposal of things seized.E+W+S

After section 60 of the 1994 Act there shall be inserted the following section—

60A Retention and disposal of things seized under section 60.

(1)Any things seized by a constable under section 60 may be retained in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State under this section.

(2)The Secretary of State may make regulations regulating the retention and safe keeping, and the disposal and destruction in prescribed circumstances, of such things.

(3)Regulations under this section may make different provisions for different classes of things or for different circumstances.

(4)The power to make regulations under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I19 S. 26 wholly in force at 1.3.1999; S. 26 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; S. 26 in force at 1.12.1998 for the purpose of making regulations under s. 60A of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1) (as amended by 1998/2906, art. 2(3)); S. 26 in force at 1.3.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 4

27 Power of arrest for failure to comply with requirement.E+W+S

(1)In section 24(2) (arrestable offences) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (“the 1984 Act”), after paragraph (n) there shall be inserted—

(o)an offence under section 60(8)(b) of the M26Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (failing to comply with requirement to remove mask etc.);.

(2)After section 60A of the 1994 Act there shall be inserted the following section—

60B Arrest without warrant for offences under section 60: Scotland.

In Scotland, where a constable reasonably believes that a person has committed or is committing an offence under section 60(8) he may arrest that person without warrant.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I20S. 27 wholly in force at 1.3.1999; S. 27 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; S. 27 expressed to be in force at 1.12.1998 by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1) (which entry relating to the commnecement of s. 27 omitted (30.8.1998) by virtue of 1998/2906, art. 2(2)); S. 27 in force at 1.3.1999 by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 4

Marginal Citations

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