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Education Act 1996

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Changes to legislation:

Education Act 1996, Part IV is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 05 June 2020. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Part IVE+W Special educational needs

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 4 power to amend or repeal conferred (10.2.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 18, 26(3); S.I. 2012/320, art. 2(g)

Chapter IE+W Children [F1in wales] with special educational needs

Textual Amendments

F1Words in Pt. 4 Ch. 1 title inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 9; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Pt. 4 Ch. 1 excluded (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), ss. 81, 139(6); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

IntroductoryE+W

[F2311AApplication of this Chapter: children in WalesE+W

This Chapter applies only in relation to children in the area of a local authority in Wales.]

Textual Amendments

F2S. 311A inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 10; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

312 Meaning of “special educational needs” and “special educational provision” etc.E+W

(1)A child [F3in the area of a local authority in Wales] has “special educational needs” for the purposes of this Act if he has a learning difficulty which calls for special educational provision to be made for him.

(2)Subject to [F4subsections (3) and (3A)] a child [F5in the area of a local authority in Wales] has a “learning difficulty” for the purposes of this Act if—

(a)he has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children of his age,

(b)he has a disability which either prevents or hinders him from making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for children of his age in schools within the area of the [F6local authority] , or

(c)he is under [F7compulsory school age] and is, or would be if special educational provision were not made for him, likely to fall within paragraph (a) or (b) when of F8. . . that age.

(3)A child is not to be taken as having a learning difficulty solely because the language (or form of the language) in which he is, or will be, taught is different from a language (or form of a language) which has at any time been spoken in his home.

[F9(3A)Subsection (2) does not apply—

(a)for the purposes of sections F10... , 15A [F11and 15B], or

(b)for the purposes of sections 18A and 562H (except for the purpose of [F12a local authority in Wales] determining, for the purposes of those sections, whether a child has special educational needs).]

(4)In this Act “special educational provision” means—

(a)in relation to a child who has attained the age of two, educational provision which is additional to, or otherwise different from, the educational provision made generally for children of his age in schools maintained by the [F6local authority] (other than special schools) F13. . ., and

(b)in relation to a child under that age, educational provision of any kind.

(5)In this Part—

  • child” includes any person who has not attained the age of 19 and is a registered pupil at a school;

  • [F14maintained school” means any community, foundation or voluntary school or any community or foundation special school not established in a hospital.]

Textual Amendments

F3Words in s. 312(1) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 11(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F5Words in s. 312(2) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 11(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F7Words in s. 312(2)(c) substituted (1.8.1998) by 1997 c. 44, s. 57(1), Sch. 7 para. 23(a); S.I. 1998/386, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. III

F8Words in s. 312(2)(c) repealed (1.8.1998) by 1997 c. 44, s. 57(1)(4), Sch. 7 para. 23(b), Sch. 8; S.I. 1998/386, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. III

F10Word in s. 312(3A)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 11(3)(a)(i); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F11Words in s. 312(3A)(a) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 11(3)(a)(ii); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F12Words in s. 312(3A)(b) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 11(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F13Words in s. 312(4)(a) repealed (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1)(3), Sch. 30 para. 71(a), Sch. 31 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F14Words in s. 312(5) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 71(b) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

[F15312AChildren subject to detentionE+W

(1)No provision of, or made under, this Part applies in relation to a child who is subject to a detention order and detained in relevant youth accommodation.

(2)The following provisions of this section apply where a child who has been subject to a detention order is released having, immediately before release, been detained in relevant youth accommodation.

(3)Subject to subsection (6), a statement which was maintained for the child by a local authority under section 324 immediately before the beginning of the detention is, from the child's release, to be treated as being maintained by that authority under section 324.

(4)In subsection (3) “the beginning of the detention” means—

(a)the beginning of the period of detention in relevant youth accommodation, or

(b)where that period is part of a continuous period, comprising periods of detention in relevant youth accommodation and in other accommodation, the beginning of that continuous period.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4), it is immaterial whether or not a period of detention is pursuant to a single order.

(6)Where, on the child's release, a local authority (“the new authority”) other than the authority mentioned in subsection (3) (“the old authority”) becomes responsible for the child for the purposes of this Part—

(a)the old authority must transfer the statement to the new authority, and

(b)from the child's release, the statement is to be treated as being maintained by the new authority under section 324.]

Code of PracticeE+W

313 Code of Practice.E+W

(1)The [F16Welsh Ministers] shall issue, and may from time to time revise, a code of practice giving practical guidance in respect of the discharge by [F17local authorities] and the governing bodies of [F18maintained schools] [F19 and maintained nursery schools ] of their functions under this Part.

(2)It shall be the duty of—

(a)[F17local authorities], and such governing bodies, exercising functions under this Part, and

(b)any other person exercising any function for the purpose of the discharge by [F17local authorities], and such governing bodies, of functions under this Part,

to have regard to the provisions of the code.

(3)On any appeal under this Part to the Tribunal, the Tribunal shall have regard to any provision of the code which appears to the Tribunal to be relevant to any question arising on the appeal.

(4)The [F20Welsh Ministers] shall publish the code as for the time being in force.

[F21(5)In this Part F22..., “the Tribunal”, in relation to an appeal, means [F23the Special Educational Needs Tribunal for Wales.]

F24(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F25(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Textual Amendments

F16Words in s. 313(1) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 12(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F18Words in s. 313(1) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 72 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch.1

F19Words in s. 313(1) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 36 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F20Words in s. 313(4) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 12(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F23Words in s. 313(5) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 12(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F24S. 313(5)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 12(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F25S. 313(5)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 12(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

314 Making and approval of code.E+W

(1)Where the [F26Welsh Ministers propose] to issue or revise a code of practice, [F27they] shall prepare a draft of the code (or revised code).

(2)The [F28Welsh Ministers] shall consult such persons about the draft as [F29they think] fit and shall consider any representations made by [F30those persons].

[F31(3)If the Welsh Ministers determine to proceed with the draft (either in its original form or with such modifications as they think fit) they shall lay it before the National Assembly for Wales.]

(4)If the draft is approved by resolution of [F32the National Assembly for Wales, the Welsh Ministers] shall issue the code in the form of the draft, and the code shall come into effect on such day as [F33the Welsh Ministers may] by order appoint.

Textual Amendments

F26Words in s. 314(1) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(2)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F27Word in s. 314(1) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(2)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F28Words in s. 314(2) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F29Words in s. 314(2) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F30Words in s. 314(2) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(3)(c); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F31S. 314(3) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(4); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F32Words in s. 314(4) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(5)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F33Words in s. 314(4) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 13(5)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Special educational provision: generalE+W

315 Review of arrangements.E+W

(1)A [F6local authority] shall keep under review the arrangements made by them for special educational provision.

(2)In doing so the authority shall, to the extent that it appears necessary or desirable for the purpose of co-ordinating provision for children with special educational needs, consult [F34the governing bodies of community, foundation and voluntary and community and foundation special schools [F35and maintained nursery schools ] in their area.].

[F36316 Duty to educate children with special educational needs in mainstream schoolsE+W

(1)This section applies to a child with special educational needs who should be educated in a school.

(2)If no statement is maintained under section 324 for the child, he must be educated in a mainstream school.

(3)If a statement is maintained under section 324 for the child, he must be educated in a mainstream school unless that is incompatible with—

(a)the wishes of his parent, or

(b)the provision of efficient education for other children.

(4)In this section and section 316A “mainstream school” means any school other than—

(a)a special school, or

(b)an independent school which is not—

(i)a city technology college,

(ii)a city college for the technology of the arts, or

(iii)[F37an Academy].]

Textual Amendments

F36Ss. 316, 316A substituted (15.6.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.1.2002 for E., 21.1.2002 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.4.2002 for W.) for s. 316 by 2001 c. 10, s. 1 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, arts. 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, arts. 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II

F37Words s. 316(4)(b)(iii) substituted (26.7.2002) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 65(3), 216(2), Sch. 7 para. 6(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F38316A Education otherwise than in mainstream schoolsE+W

(1)Section 316 does not prevent a child from being educated in—

(a)an independent school which is not a mainstream school, or

(b)a school approved under section 342,

if the cost is met otherwise than by a [F6local authority].

(2)Section 316(2) does not require a child to be educated in a mainstream school during any period in which—

(a)he is admitted to a special school for the purposes of an assessment under section 323 of his educational needs and his admission to that school is with the agreement of—

(i)the [F6local authority],

[F39(ii)the governing body of the school or, if the school is in England, its head teacher,]

(iii)his parent, and

(iv)any person whose advice is to be sought in accordance with regulations made under paragraph 2 of Schedule 26;

(b)he remains admitted to a special school, in prescribed circumstances, following an assessment under section 323 at that school;

(c)he is admitted to a special school, following a change in his circumstances, with the agreement of—

(i)the [F6local authority],

[F40(ii)the governing body of the school or, if the school is in England, its head teacher,]

(iii)his parent;

(d)he is admitted to a community or foundation special school which is established in a hospital.

(3)Section 316 does not affect the operation of—

(a)section 348, or

(b)paragraph 3 of Schedule 27.

(4)If a [F6local authority] decide—

(a)to make a statement for a child under section 324, but

(b)not to name in the statement the school for which a parent has expressed a preference under paragraph 3 of Schedule 27,

they shall, in making the statement, comply with section 316(3).

(5)A [F6local authority] may, in relation to their mainstream schools taken as a whole, rely on the exception in section 316(3)(b) only if they show that there are no reasonable steps that they could take to prevent the incompatibility.

(6)An authority in relation to a particular mainstream school may rely on the exception in section 316(3)(b) only if it shows that there are no reasonable steps that it or another authority in relation to the school could take to prevent the incompatibility.

(7)The exception in section 316(3)(b) does not permit a governing body to fail to comply with the duty imposed by section 324(5)(b).

(8)An authority must have regard to guidance about section 316 and this section issued [F41by the Welsh Ministers]

F42(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F43(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(9)That guidance shall, in particular, relate to steps which may, or may not, be regarded as reasonable for the purposes of subsections (5) and (6).

(10)PrescribedF44... means prescribed in regulations made by the [F45Welsh Ministers].

(11)Authority”—

(a)in relation to a maintained school [F46 or maintained nursery school], means each of the following—

(i)the [F6local authority],

(ii)the school’s governing body, and

(b)in relation to F47... a pupil referral unit, means the [F6local authority].]

Textual Amendments

F38Ss. 316, 316A substituted (15.6.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.1.2002 for E., 21.1.2002 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.4.2002 for W.) for s. 316 by 2001 c. 10, s. 1 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, arts. 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, arts. 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II

F39S. 316A(2)(a)(ii) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(2)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F40S. 316A(2)(c)(ii) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(2)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F41Words in s. 316A(8) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F42S. 316A(8)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F43S. 316A(8)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F44Words in s. 316A(10) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(4)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F45Words in s. 316A(10) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 14(4)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F46Words in s. 316A(11)(a) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 38(a) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F47Words in s. 316A(11)(b) repealed (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 38(b), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 316A(2)(c) amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2007/2599, art. 8 (30.9.2010) by The New Woodlands School (Amendment) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/2196), arts. 1, 2

C7S. 316A(2) modified (17.12.2007) by The Harbour School Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/3205), arts. 1, 3(a), 5, 6, 10 (as amended (15.12.2010) by The Harbour School (Amendment) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/2804), arts. 1, 2)

C8S. 316A(2)(c) modified (temp.) (1.10.2007) by The New Woodlands School Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/2599), arts. 1, 3(a) (with arts. 4, 8)

317 Duties of governing body or [F17local authority] in relation to pupils with special educational needs.E+W

(1)[F48The governing body of a community, foundation or voluntary school or a maintained nursery school shall]

(a)use their best endeavours, in exercising their functions in relation to the school, to secure that, if any registered pupil has special educational needs, the special educational provision which his learning difficulty calls for is made,

(b)secure that, where the responsible person has been informed by the [F6local authority] that a registered pupil has special educational needs, those needs are made known to all who are likely to teach him, and

(c)secure that the teachers in the school are aware of the importance of identifying, and providing for, those registered pupils who have special educational needs.

[F49(2)In subsection (1)(b) “the responsible person” means the head teacher or the appropriate governor (that is, the chairman of the governing body or, where the governing body have designated another governor for the purposes of this subsection, that other governor).]

(3)To the extent that it appears necessary or desirable for the purpose of co-ordinating provision for children with special educational needs—

(a)the governing bodies of [F50community, foundation and voluntary schools] [F51and maintained nursery schools] shall, in exercising functions relating to the provision for such children, consult the [F6local authority] F52. . . and the governing bodies of other such schools, F53...

F53(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F54(3A)The governing body of a community, foundation or voluntary school or a maintained nursery school shall designate a member of the staff at the school (to be known as the “special educational needs co-ordinator”) as having responsibility for co-ordinating the provision for pupils with special educational needs.

(3B)Regulations may—

(a)require the governing bodies of schools falling within subsection (3A) to ensure that special educational needs co-ordinators have prescribed qualifications or prescribed experience (or both), and

(b)confer on the governing bodies of those schools other functions relating to special educational needs co-ordinators.]

(4)Where a child who has special educational needs is being educated in [F55a community, foundation or voluntary school] or a maintained nursery school, those concerned with making special educational provision for the child shall secure, so far as is reasonably practicable and is compatible with—

(a)the child receiving the special educational provision which his learning difficulty calls for,

(b)the provision of efficient education for the children with whom he will be educated, and

(c)the efficient use of resources,

that the child engages in the activities of the school together with children who do not have special educational needs.

[F56(5)The governing body of a community, foundation or voluntary school, a maintained nursery school, or a community or foundation special school shall [F57include special needs information in the report prepared under section 30(1) of the Education Act 2002 (governors' report).]

F58(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F59(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)In subsection (5) “special needs information” means—

(a)such information as may be prescribed about the implementation of the governing body's policy for pupils with special educational needs, and

(b)information as to—

(i)the arrangements for the admission of disabled persons as pupils at the school,

(ii)the steps taken to prevent disabled pupils from being treated less favourably than other pupils,

(iii)the facilities provided to assist access to the school by disabled pupils, and

(iv)the plan prepared by the governing body under [F60paragraph 3 of Schedule 10 to the Equality Act 2010 (“the 2010 Act]”).

(6A)[F61In subsection (6)(b) “disabled person” means a person who is a disabled person for the purposes of the 2010 Act; and section 89 (interpretation of Part 6) of, and paragraph 6 of Schedule 10 (supplementary provisions for Schedule 10) to, the 2010 Act apply for the purposes of subsection (6)(b) as they apply for the purposes of Part 6 of and Schedule 10 to that Act.]]

Textual Amendments

F48Words in s. 317(1) substituted (1.9.2003 for E.; 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 39(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F49S. 317(2) substituted (1.9.2003 for E.; 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 39(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F50Words in s. 317(3)(a) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 74(4)(a)(i) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6))S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F51Words in s. 317(3)(a) inserted (1.9.2003 for E.; 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 39(4)(a) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F53S. 317(3)(b) and word repealed (1.9.2003 for E.; 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 39(4)(b), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F55Words in s. 317(4) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 74(5) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F56S. 317(5)-(6A) substituted for s. 317(5)-(7A) (1.9.2005) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 2 (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 5 (with Sch. para. 2)

F57Words in s. 317(5) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 15(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F58S. 317(5)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 15(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F59S. 317(5)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 15(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F60Words in s. 317(6)(b)(iv) substituted by 2010 c. 15, Sch. 26 Pt. 1 para. 36(2) (as inserted (1.10.2010) by The Equality Act 2010 (Consequential Amendments, Saving and Supplementary Provisions) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/2279), art. 1(2), Sch. 1 para. 5) (see S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 317 wholly in force; s. 317(1)-(5)(7) in force at 1.11.1996 see s. 583(3)(5); s. 317(6) in force at 1.1.1997 by S.I. 1996/2904, art. 2

[F62317A Duty to inform parent where special educational provision madeE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a child for whom no statement is maintained under section 324 is a registered pupil at—

(i)a community, foundation or voluntary school [F63 or a maintained nursery school] , or

(ii)a pupil referral unit,

(b)special educational provision is made for him at the school because it is considered that he has special educational needs, and

(c)his parent has not previously been informed under this section of special educational provision made for him at the school.

(2)If the school is a pupil referral unit, the [F6local authority] must secure that the head teacher informs the child’s parent that special educational provision is being made for him at the school because it is considered that he has special educational needs.

(3)In any other case, the governing body must inform the child’s parent that special educational provision is being made for him there because it is considered that he has special educational needs.]

Textual Amendments

F62S. 317A inserted (1.1.2002 (E.) and 1.4.2002 (W.)) by 2001 c. 10, s. 7(1) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F63Words in s. 317A(1)(a)(i) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 40 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

318 Provision of goods and services in connection with special educational needs.E+W

(1)A [F6local authority] may, for the purpose only of assisting—

(a)the governing bodies of [F64community, foundation or voluntary schools] [F65or maintained nursery schools] (in their or any other area) in the performance of the governing bodies’ duties under section 317(1)(a), or

(b)the governing bodies of [F64community or foundation special schools] (in their or any other area) in the performance of the governing bodies’ duties,

supply goods or services to those bodies.

(2)The terms on which goods or services are supplied by [F17local authorities] under [F66this section to the governing bodies of community, foundation or voluntary schools [F67, maintained nursery schools] or community or foundation special schools in any other area] may, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, include such terms as to payment as may be prescribed.

F68(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F69(3A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F70(3B)A [F6local authority] F71... may supply goods and services to any authority in Wales or other person (other than a governing body within subsection(1)) for the purpose of assisting them in making for a child any special educational provision which any learning difficulty of the child calls for.]

(4)This section is without prejudice to the generality of any other power of [F17local authorities] to supply goods or services.

Textual Amendments

F64Words in s. 318(1)(a)(b) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 75(2)(a)(b) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F65Words in s. 318(1) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 41(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F66Words in s. 318(2) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 75(3) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F67Words in s. 318(2) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 41(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F68S. 318(3) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 16(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F69S. 318(3A) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 16(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F71Words in s. 318(3B) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 16(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

319 Special educational provision otherwise than in schools.E+W

(1)Where a [F6local authority] are satisfied that it would be inappropriate for—

(a)the special educational provision which a learning difficulty of a child in their area calls for, or

(b)any part of any such provision,

to be made in a school, they may arrange for the provision (or, as the case may be, for that part of it) to be made otherwise than in a school.

(2)Before making an arrangement under this section, a [F6local authority] shall consult the child’s parent.

320 Provision outside England and Wales for certain children.E+W

(1)A [F6local authority] may make such arrangements as they think fit to enable a child for whom they maintain a statement under section 324 to attend an institution outside England and Wales which specialises in providing for children with special needs.

(2)In subsection (1) “children with special needs” means children who have particular needs which would be special educational needs if those children were in England and Wales.

(3)Where a [F6local authority] make arrangements under this section in respect of a child, those arrangements may in particular include contributing to or paying—

(a)fees charged by the institution,

(b)expenses reasonably incurred in maintaining him while he is at the institution or travelling to or from it,

(c)his travelling expenses, and

(d)expenses reasonably incurred by any person accompanying him while he is travelling or staying at the institution.

(4)This section is without prejudice to any other powers of a [F6local authority].

Identification and assessment of children with special educational needsE+W

321 General duty of [F6local authority] towards children for whom they are responsible.E+W

(1)A [F6local authority] shall exercise their powers with a view to securing that, of the children for whom they are responsible, they identify those to whom subsection (2) below applies.

(2)This subsection applies to a child if—

(a)he has special educational needs, and

(b)it is necessary for the authority to determine the special educational provision which any learning difficulty he may have calls for.

(3)For the purposes of this Part a [F6local authority] are responsible for a child if he is in their area and—

(a)he is a registered pupil at a [F72maintained school] [F73 or maintained nursery school] ,

F74[(b)education is provided for him at a school which is not a maintained school [F73 or maintained nursery school] but is so provided at the expense of the authority,]

(c)he does not come within paragraph (a) or (b) above but is a registered pupil at a school and has been brought to the authority’s attention as having (or probably having) special educational needs, or

(d)he is not a registered pupil at a school but is not under the age of two or over compulsory school age and has been brought to their attention as having (or probably having) special educational needs.

Textual Amendments

F72Words in s. 321(3)(a) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 76(a) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), SCh. 1

F73Words in s. 321(3)(a)(b) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 42 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F74S. 321(3)(b) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 76(b) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

322[F75Duty of certain bodies to help local authority.]E+W

(1)Where it appears to a [F6local authority] that [F76another local authority, [F77the National Health Service Commissioning Board, a clinical commissioning group or] a Local Health Board F78...] could, by taking any specified action, help in the exercise of any of their functions under this Part, they may request the help of [F79that body] , specifying the action in question.

(2)[F80A body] whose help is so requested shall comply with the request unless—

(a)they consider that the help requested is not necessary for the purpose of the exercise [F81of those functions by the local authority that made the request] , or

(b)subsection (3) applies.

(3)This subsection applies—

(a)in [F82a case where the request is made] of [F83the National Health Service Commissioning Board, a clinical commissioning group or] a [F84Local Health Board] F85..., if [F86that body] consider that, having regard to the resources available to them for the purpose of the exercise of their functions under the M1 [F87National Health Service Act 2006 or the National Health Service (Wales) Act 2006] , it is not reasonable for them to comply with the request, or

(b)in [F82a case where the request is made] of a local authority, if that authority consider that the request is not compatible with their own statutory or other duties and obligations or unduly prejudices the discharge of any of their functions.

(4)Regulations may provide that, where [F88a local authority, the National Health Service Commissioning Board, a clinical commissioning group or a Local Health Board] F89... are under a duty by virtue of subsection (2) to comply with a request to help a [F6local authority] in the making of an assessment under section 323 or a statement under section 324 of this Act, they must, subject to prescribed exceptions, comply with the request within the prescribed period.

F90(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F85Words in s. 322(3)(a) omitted (1.4.2013) by virtue of Health and Social Care Act 2012 (c. 7), s. 306(4), Sch. 5 para. 78(4)(b); S.I. 2013/160, art. 2(2) (with arts. 7-9)

Marginal Citations

323 Assessment of educational needs.E+W

(1)Where a [F6local authority] are of the opinion that a child for whom they are responsible falls, or probably falls, within subsection (2), they shall serve a notice on the child’s parent informing him—

(a)that they [F91are considering whether] to make an assessment of the child’s educational needs,

(b)of the procedure to be followed in making the assessment,

(c)of the name of the officer of the authority from whom further information may be obtained, and

(d)of the parent’s right to make representations, and submit written evidence, to the authority within such period (which must not be less than 29 days beginning with the date on which the notice is served) as may be specified in the notice.

(2)A child falls within this subsection if—

(a)he has special educational needs, and

(b)it is necessary for the authority to determine the special educational provision which any learning difficulty he may have calls for.

(3)Where—

(a)a [F6local authority] have served a notice under subsection (1) and the period specified in the notice in accordance with subsection (1)(d) has expired, and

(b)the authority remain of the opinion, after taking into account any representations made and any evidence submitted to them in response to the notice, that the child falls, or probably falls, within subsection (2),

they shall make an assessment of his educational needs.

(4)Where a [F6local authority] decide to make an assessment under this section, they shall give notice in writing to the child’s parent of that decision and of their reasons for making it.

(5)Schedule 26 has effect in relation to the making of assessments under this section.

(6)Where, at any time after serving a notice under subsection (1), a [F6local authority] decide not to assess the educational needs of the child concerned they shall give notice in writing to the child’s parent of their decision.

324 Statement of special educational needs.E+W

(1)If, in the light of an assessment under section 323 of any child’s educational needs and of any representations made by the child’s parent in pursuance of Schedule 27, it is necessary for the [F6local authority] to determine the special educational provision which any learning difficulty he may have calls for, the authority shall make and maintain a statement of his special educational needs.

(2)The statement shall be in such form and contain such information as may be prescribed.

(3)In particular, the statement shall—

(a)give details of the authority’s assessment of the child’s special educational needs, and

(b)specify the special educational provision to be made for the purpose of meeting those needs, including the particulars required by subsection (4).

(4)The statement shall—

(a)specify the type of school or other institution which the [F6local authority] consider would be appropriate for the child,

(b)if they are not required under Schedule 27 to specify the name of any school in the statement, specify the name of any school or institution (whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere) which they consider would be appropriate for the child and should be specified in the statement, and

(c)specify any provision for the child for which they make arrangements under section 319 and which they consider should be specified in the statement.

[F92(4A)Subsection (4)(b) does not require the name of a school or institution to be specified if the child’s parent has made suitable arrangements for the special educational provision specified in the statement to be made for the child.]

(5)Where a [F6local authority] maintain a statement under this section, then—

(a)unless the child’s parent has made suitable arrangements, the authority—

(i)shall arrange that the special educational provision specified in the statement is made for the child, and

(ii)may arrange that any non-educational provision specified in the statement is made for him in such manner as they consider appropriate, and

(b)if the name of a [F93maintained school] [F94 or maintained nursery school] is specified in the statement, the governing body of the school shall admit the child to the school.

[F95(5A)Subsection (5)(b) has effect regardless of any duty imposed on the governing body of a school by section 1(6) of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998.]

(6)Subsection (5)(b) does not affect any power to exclude from a school a pupil who is already a registered pupil there.

(7)Schedule 27 has effect in relation to the making and maintenance of statements under this section.

Textual Amendments

F92S. 324(4A) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E., 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 9, 43(4)(c) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F93Words in s. 324(5)(b) substituted (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 77(a) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F94Words in s. 324(5)(b) inserted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 43 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F95S. 324(5A) inserted (1.10.1998) by 1998 c. 31, ss. 140(1), 145(3), Sch. 30 para. 77(b) (with ss. 138(9), 144(6))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17S. 324: power to modify conferred (temp.) (25.3.2020) by Coronavirus Act 2020 (c. 7), s. 87(1), Sch. 17 para. 7 (with ss. 88-90)

C18S. 324(5)(a)(b): power to disapply conferred (temp.) (25.3.2020) by Coronavirus Act 2020 (c. 7), s. 87(1), Sch. 17 para. 7 (with ss. 88-90)

C19S. 324(5)(b)(5A) applied (with modifications) (1.9.1999) by S.I. 1999/2800, reg. 7, Sch. paras. 1, 2-8

S. 324(5)(b)(5A) applied (with modifications) (18.10.1999) by S.I. 1999/2666, reg. 8, Sch. paras. 1(a), 2-8

C20S. 324(5)(b)(5A) applied (with modifications) (E.) (8.5.2003) by The New School (Admissions) (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1041), regs. 1(1), 9, Sch. para. 1(a)

C21S. 324(5)(b) applied (with modifications) (W.) (1.2.2006) by The New School (Admissions) (Wales) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/175), regs. 1(1), 9, Sch. (with reg. 2(2))

C22S. 324(5A) applied (with modifications) (E.) (8.5.2003) by The New School (Admissions) (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1041), regs. 1(1), 9, Sch. para. 1(a)

C23S. 324(5A) applied (with modifications) (W.) (1.2.2006) by The New School (Admissions) (Wales) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/175), regs. 1(1), 9, Sch. (with reg. 2(2))

325 Appeal against decision not to make statement.E+W

(1)If, after making an assessment under section 323 of the educational needs of any child for whom no statement is maintained under section 324, the [F6local authority] do not propose to make such a statement, they shall give notice in writing of their decision, F96. . . to the child’s parent.

(2)In such a case, the child’s parent may appeal to the Tribunal against the decision.

[F97(2A)A notice under subsection (1) must inform the parent of the right of appeal under subsection (2) and contain such other information as may be prescribed.

(2B)Regulations may provide that where a [F6local authority] are under a duty under this section to serve any notice, the duty must be performed within the prescribed period.]

(3)On an appeal under this section, the Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the appeal,

(b)order the [F6local authority] to make and maintain such a statement, or

(c)remit the case to the authority for them to reconsider whether, having regard to any observations made by the Tribunal, it is necessary for the authority to determine the special educational provision which any learning difficulty the child may have calls for.

Textual Amendments

F96Words in s. 325(1) repealed (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1)(6), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 6(1), Sch. 9 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614 art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F97Ss. 325(2A)(2B) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, s. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 6(2) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt II (as amended by 2001/2614 art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

326 Appeal against contents of statement.E+W

[F98(1)The parent of a child for whom a [F6local authority] maintain a statement under section 324 may appeal to the Tribunal—

(a)when the statement is first made,

(b)if an amendment is made to the statement, or

(c)if, after conducting an assessment under section 323, the [F6local authority] determine not to amend the statement.

(1A)An appeal under this section may be against any of the following—

(a)the description in the statement of the [F6local authority]’s assessment of the child’s special educational needs,

(b)the special educational provision specified in the statement (including the name of a school so specified),

(c)if no school is specified in the statement, that fact.]

(2)Subsection (1)(b) does not apply where the amendment is made in pursuance of—

(a)paragraph 8 (change of named school) or 11(3)(b) (amendment ordered by Tribunal) of Schedule 27, or

(b)directions under section 442 (revocation of school attendance order);

and subsection (1)(c) does not apply to a determination made following the service of notice under [F99paragraph 2A] (amendment by [F17local authority]) of Schedule 27 of a proposal to amend the statement.

(3)On an appeal under this section, the Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the appeal,

(b)order the authority to amend the statement, so far as it describes the authority’s assessment of the child’s special educational needs or specifies the special educational provision, and make such other consequential amendments to the statement as the Tribunal think fit, or

(c)order the authority to cease to maintain the statement.

(4)On an appeal under this section the Tribunal shall not order the [F6local authority] to specify the name of any school in the statement (either in substitution for an existing name or in a case where no school is named) unless—

(a)the parent has expressed a preference for the school in pursuance of arrangements under paragraph 3 (choice of school) of Schedule 27, or

(b)in the proceedings the parent, the [F6local authority], or both have proposed the school [F100, or] F101...

[F102(c)[F103in the proceedings the child has proposed the school] (whether or not the parent, the local authority or both have also proposed the school).]

(5)Before determining any appeal under this section the Tribunal may, with the agreement of the parties, correct any deficiency in the statement.

Textual Amendments

F98S. 326(1)(1A) substituted (1.1.2002 (E.), 1.4.2002 (W.)) by 2001 c. 10, s. 10, Sch. 1 para. 19 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F99Words in s. 326(2) substituted (1.1.2002 (E.), 1.4.2002 (W.)) by 2001 c. 10, s. 10, Sch. 1 para. 20 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F101Full stop in s. 326(4)(b) omitted (6.3.2012) by virtue of Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), s. 26(3), Sch. para. 2(a); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(m)

F102S. 326(4)(c) inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), s. 26(3), Sch. para. 2(b) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(m)

F103Words in s. 326(4)(c) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 17; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 326(3) restricted (prosp.) by Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (c. 41), ss. 36(6), 162 (with s. 159)

[F104326A Unopposed appealsE+W

(1)This section applies if—

[F105(a)the parent of a child, or a child, has appealed to the Tribunal under section 325, 328, 329 or 329A or paragraph 8(3) of Schedule 27 against a decision of a local authority, and]

(b)the authority notifies the Tribunal that they have determined that they will not, or will no longer, oppose the appeal.

(2)The appeal is to be treated as having been determined in favour of the appellant.

(3)If an appeal is treated as determined in favour of the appellant as a result of subsection (2), the Tribunal is not required to make any order.

(4)Before the end of the prescribed period, the authority must—

(a)in the case of an appeal under section 325, make a statement under section 324 of the child’s educational needs,

(b)in the case of an appeal under section 328, 329 or 329A, make an assessment of the child’s educational needs,

(c)in the case of an appeal under paragraph 8(3) of Schedule 27 against a determination of the authority not to comply with the parent’s request, comply with the request.

(5)An authority required by subsection (4)(a) to make a statement under section 324 must maintain the statement under that section.

[F106(6)In this section, “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made [F107by the Welsh Ministers]

F108(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F109(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]]

Textual Amendments

F104S. 326A inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 5, 43(4)(b) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F105S. 326A(1)(a) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 18(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F107Words in s. 326A(6) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 18(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F108S. 326A(6)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 18(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F109S. 326A(6)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 18(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

327 Access for [F6local authority] to certain schools.E+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a [F6local authority] maintain a statement for a child under section 324, and

F110[(b)in pursuance of the statement education is provided for the child at a school maintained by another [F6local authority] [F111or at an independent school] [F112or an alternative provision Academy that is not an independent school] .]

(2)Any person authorised by the [F6local authority] shall be entitled to have access at any reasonable time to the premises of any such school for the purpose of monitoring the special educational provision made in pursuance of the statement for the child at the school.

328 Reviews of educational needs.E+W

(1)Regulations may prescribe the frequency with which assessments under section 323 are to be repeated in respect of children for whom statements are maintained under section 324.

(2)Where—

(a)the parent of a child for whom a statement is maintained under section 324 asks the [F6local authority] to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of the child under section 323,

(b)no such assessment has been made within the period of six months ending with the date on which the request is made, and

(c)it is necessary for the authority to make a further assessment under section 323,

the authority shall comply with the request.

(3)If in any case where subsection (2)(a) and (b) applies the authority determine not to comply with the request—

(a)they shall give [F113notice in writing of that fact] to the child’s parent, and

(b)the parent may appeal to the Tribunal against the determination.

[F114(3A)A notice under subsection (3)(a) must inform the parent of the right of appeal under subsection (3)(b) and contain such other information as may be prescribed.

(3B)Regulations may provide that where a [F6local authority] are under a duty under this section to serve any notice, the duty must be performed within the prescribed period.]

(4)On an appeal under subsection (3) the Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the appeal, or

(b)order the authority to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of the child under section 323.

(5)A statement under section 324 shall be reviewed by the [F6local authority]

(a)on the making of an assessment in respect of the child concerned under section 323, and

[F115(aa)where the child concerned—

(i)has been subject to a detention order, and

(ii)immediately before release was detained in relevant youth accommodation,

on the child's release from detention,]

(b)in any event, within the period of 12 months beginning with the making of the statement or, as the case may be, with the previous review.

(6)Regulations may make provision—

(a)as to the manner in which reviews of such statements are to be conducted,

(b)as to the participation in such reviews of such persons as may be prescribed, and

(c)in connection with such other matters relating to such reviews as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

Textual Amendments

F113Words in s. 328(3)(a) substituted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para 7(1) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F114S. 328(3A)(3B) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 7(2) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25S. 328: power to modify conferred (temp.) (25.3.2020) by Coronavirus Act 2020 (c. 7), s. 87(1), Sch. 17 para. 7 (with ss. 88-90)

C26S. 328(5): power to disapply conferred (temp.) (25.3.2020) by Coronavirus Act 2020 (c. 7), s. 87(1), Sch. 17 para. 7 (with ss. 88-90)

F116328AAppeal against determination of local authority in England not to amend statement following reviewE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F116S. 328A repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 19(1); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

329 Assessment of educational needs at request of child’s parent.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)the parent of a child for whom a [F6local authority] are responsible but for whom no statement is maintained under section 324 asks the authority to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of the child under section 323,

(b)no such assessment has been made within the period of six months ending with the date on which the request is made, and

(c)it is necessary for the authority to make an assessment under that section,

the authority shall comply with the request.

(2)If in any case where subsection (1)(a) and (b) applies the authority determine not to comply with the request—

(a)they shall give [F117notice in writing of that fact] to the child’s parent, and

(b)the parent may appeal to the Tribunal against the determination.

[F118(2A)A notice under subsection (2)(a) must inform the parent of the right of appeal under subsection (2)(b) and contain such other information as may be prescribed.]

(3)On an appeal under subsection (2) the Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the appeal, or

(b)order the authority to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of the child under section 323.

Textual Amendments

F117Words in s. 329(2)(a) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 8(1) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F118S. 329(2A) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 8(2) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

[F119329A Review or assessment of educational needs at request of responsible bodyE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a child is a registered pupil at a relevant school (whether or not he is a child in respect of whom a statement is maintained under section 324),

(b)the responsible body asks the [F6local authority] to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of him under section 323, and

(c)no such assessment has been made within the period of six months ending with the date on which the request is made.

(2)If it is necessary for the authority to make an assessment or further assessment under section 323, they must comply with the request.

(3)Before deciding whether to comply with the request, the authority must serve on the child’s parent a notice informing him—

(a)that they are considering whether to make an assessment of the child’s educational needs,

(b)of the procedure to be followed in making the assessment,

(c)of the name of their officer from whom further information may be obtained, and

(d)of the parent’s right to make representations, and submit written evidence, to them before the end of the period specified in the notice (“the specified period”).

(4)The specified period must not be less than 29 days beginning with the date on which the notice is served.

(5)The authority may not decide whether to comply with the request until the specified period has expired.

(6)The authority must take into account any representations made, and any evidence submitted, to them in response to the notice.

(7)If, as a result of this section, a [F6local authority] decide to make an assessment under section 323, they must give written notice to the child’s parent and to the responsible body which made the request, of the decision and of their reasons for making it.

(8)If, after serving a notice under subsection (3), the authority decide not to assess the educational needs of the child—

(a)they must give written notice of the decision and of their reasons for making it to his parent and to the responsible body which made the request, and

(b)the parent may appeal to the Tribunal against the decision.

(9)A notice given under subsection (8)(a) to the child’s parent must—

(a)inform the parent of his right to appeal, and

(b)contain such other information (if any) as may be prescribed.

(10)On an appeal under subsection (8) the Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss it, or

(b)order the authority to arrange for an assessment to be made in respect of the child under section 323.

(11)This section applies to a child for whom [F120relevant early years education] is provided as it applies to a child who is a registered pupil at a relevant school.

(12)Relevant school” means—

(a)a maintained school,

(b)a maintained nursery school,

(c)a pupil referral unit,

(d)an independent school,

[F121(da)an alternative provision Academy that is not an independent school,]

(e)a school approved under section 342.

(13)The responsible body” means—

(a)in relation to F122... a pupil referral unit, the head teacher,

(b)in relation to any other relevant school, the proprietor or head teacher, and

(c)in relation to a provider of relevant [F123early years] education, the person or body of persons responsible for the management of the provision of that [F123early years] education.

[F124(14)“Relevant early years education” [F125has the same meaning as it has (in relation to Wales) in section 123 of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 except that it does not include early years education provided by a local authority at a maintained nursery school.]

F126(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F127(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

(15)PrescribedF128... means prescribed in regulations made by the [F129Welsh Ministers].]

Textual Amendments

F119S. 329A inserted (15.6.2001 for certain purposes and 1.1.2002 otherwise for E., 21.1.2002 for certain purposes and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, s. 8 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, arts, 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, arts. 4, 5, Sch. Pts. I, II

F120Words in s. 329A(11) substituted (1.9.2008 for E.) by Childcare Act 2006 (c. 21), s. 109(2), Sch. 2 para. 22(2); S.I. 2008/2261, art. 2 (with Sch. 1)

F122Words in s. 329A(13)(a) repealed (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 44, Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F123Words in s. 329A(13)(c) substituted (1.9.2008 for E.) by Childcare Act 2006 (c. 21), s. 109(2), Sch. 2 para. 22(3); S.I. 2008/2261, art. 2 (with Sch. 1)

F124S. 329A(14) substituted (1.9.2008 for E.) by Childcare Act 2006 (c. 21), s. 109(2), Sch. 2 para. 22(4); S.I. 2008/2261, art. 2 (with Sch. 1)

F125Words in s. 329A(14) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(2)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F126S. 329A(14)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(2)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F127S. 329A(14)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(2)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F128Words in s. 329A(15) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F129Words in s. 329A(15) substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28S. 329A modified (temp.) (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 20(5); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

330

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331 Assessment of educational needs of children under two.E+W

(1)Where a [F6local authority] are of the opinion that a child in their area who is under the age of two falls, or probably falls, within subsection (2)—

(a)they may, with the consent of his parent, make an assessment of the child’s educational needs, and

(b)they shall make such an assessment if requested to do so by his parent.

(2)A child falls within this subsection if—

(a)he has special educational needs, and

(b)it is necessary for the authority to determine the special educational provision which any learning difficulty he may have calls for.

(3)An assessment under this section shall be made in such manner as the authority consider appropriate.

(4)After making an assessment under this section, the authority—

(a)may make a statement of the child’s special educational needs, and

(b)may maintain that statement,

in such manner as they consider appropriate.

332 Duty of [F130Local Health Board] or National Health Service trust to notify parent etc.E+W

(1)This section applies where a [F131a clinical commissioning group,] [F132Local Health Board] F133... [F134, a National Health Service trust or an NHS foundation trust] , in the course of exercising any of their functions in relation to a child who is under [F135compulsory school age], form the opinion that he has (or probably has) special educational needs.

(2)The [F136Board] or [F137other body]

(a)shall inform the child’s parent of their opinion and of their duty under paragraph (b), and

(b)after giving the parent an opportunity to discuss that opinion with an officer of the [F136Board] or [F137other body] , shall bring it to the attention of the appropriate [F6local authority].

(3)If the [F138Board] or [F139other body] are of the opinion that a particular voluntary organisation is likely to be able to give the parent advice or assistance in connection with any special educational needs that the child may have, they shall inform the parent accordingly.

Textual Amendments

F135Words in s. 332(1) substituted (1.8.1998) by 1997 c. 44, s. 57(1), Sch. 7 para. 24; S.I. 1998/386, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. III

[F140Appeals by childrenE+W

Textual Amendments

F140S. 332ZA and cross-heading inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 1(2), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(a)

332ZARight of a child to appeal to the F141... TribunalE+W

(1)This section applies to the rights of a parent of a child to appeal to the F142... Tribunal under any of the following provisions—

(a)section 325(2) (appeal against decision not to make statement);

(b)section 326(1) (appeal against contents of statement);

(c)section 328(3)(b) (reviews of educational needs);

(d)section 329(2)(b) (assessment of educational needs at request of child's parent);

(e)section 329A(8)(b) (review of assessment of educational needs at request of responsible body);

(f)paragraph 8(3)(b) of Schedule 27 (change of named school);

(g)paragraph 11(2)(b) of Schedule 27 (ceasing to maintain a statement).

(2)The child may exercise the rights conferred on the parent in respect of that child.

(3)The child's rights are exercisable concurrently with the parent's rights.

(4)The exercise of rights under this section is subject to provision made by regulations under sections 332ZC and 336(1).]

Textual Amendments

F141Word in s. 332ZA omiited (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 21(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F142Word in s. 332ZA(1) omiited (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 21(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F143332ZBNotice and service of documents on a childE+W

(1)This section applies if a local authority F144... is required to give notice to or serve a document on a parent of a child under any of the following provisions—

(a)section 325 (appeal against decision not to make statement);

(b)section 328 (reviews of educational needs);

(c)section 329 (assessment of educational needs at request of child's parent);

(d)section 329A(8) (review or assessment of educational needs at request of responsible body);

(e)paragraph 3 of Schedule 26 (manner and timing of assessments);

(f)paragraph 2A of Schedule 27 (amendments to a statement);

(g)paragraph 2B(2) of Schedule 27 (provision of additional information);

(h)paragraph 6 of Schedule 27 (service of statement);

(i)paragraph 8 of Schedule 27 (change of named school);

(j)paragraph 11 of Schedule 27 (ceasing to maintain a statement).

(2)The local authority must give notice to, or serve the document on, the child as well as on the parent.

(3)Any provision applicable to notices given to or documents served on a parent applies equally to notices given to or documents served on a child.]

Textual Amendments

F143S. 332ZB inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 2(2), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(b)

F144Words in s. 332ZB(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 22; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F145332ZCCase friends F146...E+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may provide by regulations for a child to have a person (referred to in this Part as a “case friend”)—

(a)to make representations on behalf of a child with a view to avoiding or resolving disagreements about the exercise by local education authorities F147... of functions under this Part, and

(b)to exercise the rights of a child under section 332ZA on the child's behalf.

(2)A child's case friend must—

(a)make representations and exercise rights fairly and competently,

(b)have no interest adverse to that of the child;

(c)ensure that all steps and decisions taken by the case friend are for the benefit of the child and take account of the child's views.

(3)Regulations made under this section may (among other things)—

(a)confer functions on the F148... Tribunal;

(b)make provision about procedures in relation to case friends;

(c)make provision about the appointment and removal of case friends;

(d)specify the circumstances in which a person may or may not act as a case friend;

(e)specify the circumstances in which a child must have a case friend;

(f)specify further requirements in respect of the conduct of case friends.]

Textual Amendments

F145S. 332ZC inserted (10.2.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 3(2), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 2(a)

F146Word in s. 332ZC title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 23(4); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F147Words in s. 332ZC(1)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 23(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F148Word in s. 332ZC(3)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 23(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F149 General duties of [F17local authorities]] E+W

Textual Amendments

F149S. 332A and preceding cross-heading inserted (1.1.2002 (E.) and 1.4.2002 (W.)) by 2001 c. 10, s. 2 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F150332A Advice and information for parents — England W

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Textual Amendments

F150S. 332A repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 24(1) (with s. 24(3)); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F151332AAAdvice and information F152...E+W

(1)A local authority F153... must arrange for any child in their area with special educational needs, for a parent of any such child and for a case friend for any such child, to be provided with advice and information about matters relating to those needs.

(2)In making the arrangements, the authority must have regard to any guidance given by the Welsh Ministers.

(3)The arrangements must comply with any provisions made in regulations by the Welsh Ministers that relate to the arrangements.

(4)The authority must take such steps as they consider appropriate for making the services provided under subsection (1) known to—

(a)children in their area,

(b)parents of children in their area,

(c)head teachers and proprietors of schools in their area, and

(d)such other persons as they consider appropriate.]

Textual Amendments

F151S. 332AA inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 4(3), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(c) (with art. 4(a))

F152Word in s. 332AA title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 25(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F153Words in s. 332AA(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 25(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F154332B Resolution of disputes — England W

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Textual Amendments

F154S. 332B repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 26(1) (with s. 26(3)); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F155332BAResolution of disputes F156...E+W

(1)A local authority F157... must make arrangements with a view to avoiding or resolving disagreements between—

(a)authorities and children in their area about the exercise by authorities of functions under this Part, and

(b)authorities and parents of children in their area about the exercise by authorities of functions under this Part.

(2)A local authority F158... must also make arrangements with a view to avoiding or resolving, in each relevant school, disagreements between—

(a)a relevant child and the proprietor of the school about the special educational provision made for that child, and

(b)the parents of a relevant child and the proprietor of the school about the special educational provision made for that child.

(3)The arrangements must provide for the appointment of independent persons with the functions of facilitating the avoidance or resolution of such disagreements.

(4)In making the arrangements, the authority must have regard to any guidance given by the Welsh Ministers.

(5)The arrangements must comply with any provisions made in regulations by the Welsh Ministers that relate to the arrangements.

(6)The authority must take such steps as they consider appropriate for making the arrangements under subsections (1) and (2) known to—

(a)children in their area,

(b)parents of children in their area,

(c)head teachers and proprietors of schools in their area, and

(d)such other persons as they consider appropriate.

(7)The arrangements cannot affect the entitlement of a child or a parent of a child to appeal to the Tribunal, and the authority must take such steps as they consider appropriate to make that fact known to children, to parents of children and to case friends for children in their area.

(8)In this section—

  • authorities” means the governing bodies of maintained schools and the local authority;

  • relevant child” means a child who has special educational needs and is a registered pupil at a relevant school.

(9)For the purposes of this section a school is a relevant school in relation to a child if it is—

(a)a maintained school or a maintained nursery school,

(b)a pupil referral unit,

(c)an independent school named in the statement maintained for the child under section 324, or

(d)a school approved under section 342.]

Textual Amendments

F155S. 332BA inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 5(3), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(d) (with art. 4(b))

F156Word in s. 332BA title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 27(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F157Words in s. 332BA(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 27(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F158Words in s. 332BA(2) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 27(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F159332BBIndependent advocacy services F160...E+W

(1)Every local authority F161... must—

(a)make arrangements for the provision of independent advocacy services in their area;

(b)refer any child in their area who requests independent advocacy services to a service provider;

(c)refer any person who is a case friend for a child in their area and who requests independent advocacy services to a service provider.

(2)In this section “independent advocacy services” are services providing advice and assistance (by way of representation or otherwise) to a child—

(a)making, or intending to make an appeal to the Tribunal under section 332ZA, or

(b)considering whether to appeal to the Tribunal under that section, or

(c)taking part in or intending to take part in dispute resolution arrangements made under section 332BA.

(3)In making arrangements under this section, every local authority must have regard to the principle that any services provided under the arrangements must be independent of any person who is—

(a)the subject of an appeal to the Tribunal, or

(b)involved in investigating or adjudicating on such an appeal.

(4)The arrangements must comply with any provisions made in regulations by the Welsh Ministers that relate to the arrangements.

(5)Every local authority F162... must take such steps as they consider appropriate for making the arrangements under this section known to—

(a)children in their area,

(b)parents of children in their area,

(c)head teachers and proprietors of schools in their area, and

(d)such other persons as they consider appropriate.

(6)The arrangements may include provision for payments to be made to, or in relation to, any person carrying out functions in accordance with the arrangements.

(7)A local authority must have regard to any guidance given from time to time by the Welsh Ministers.]

Textual Amendments

F159S. 332BB inserted (6.3.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 6(2), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 3(e)

F160Word in s. 332BB title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 28(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F161Words in s. 332BB(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 28(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F162Words in s. 332BB(5) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 28(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F163...(E+W)

Textual Amendments

F163S. 332C cross-heading omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 29(1); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F164332CProvision of information(E+W)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F164Ss. 332C-332E repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 29(1); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F164332DPublication of information(E+W)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F164Ss. 332C-332E repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 29(1); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F164332EInterpretation of sections 332C and 332D(E+W)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F164Ss. 332C-332E repealed (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 29(1); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Special Educational Needs Tribunal [F165for Wales] E+W

Textual Amendments

F165Words in s. 333 cross-heading inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 30; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

333 Constitution of F166... Tribunal.E+W

F167(1Z). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F168(1ZA)There continues to be a tribunal known as Tribiwnlys Anghenion Addysgol Arbennig Cymru or the Special Educational Needs Tribunal for Wales.

F169(1ZB). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

[F170(1)The F171... Tribunal shall exercise the jurisdiction conferred on it by this Part.]

(2)There shall be appointed—

(a)a President of the F172... Tribunal (referred to in this Part as “the President”),

(b)a panel of persons (referred to in this Part as “the chairmen’s panel”) who may serve as chairman of the F173... Tribunal, and

(c)a panel of persons (referred to in this Part as “the lay panel”) who may serve as the other two members of the F174... Tribunal apart from the chairman.

(3)The President and the members of the chairmen’s panel shall each be appointed by the Lord Chancellor.

(4)The members of the lay panel shall each be appointed by [F175the Welsh Ministers with the agreement of] the Secretary of State.

[F176(4A)A member of a tribunal listed in section 59 of the Wales Act 2017 (the Welsh tribunals) who is not a member of the Tribunal may, at the request of the President and with the approval of the President of Welsh Tribunals, serve as a member of the Tribunal.]

(5)[F177Regulations made by the Welsh Ministers F178... may]

(a)provide for the jurisdiction of the F179... Tribunal to be exercised by such number of tribunals as may be determined from time to time by the President, and

(b)make such other provision in connection with the establishment and continuation of the F180... Tribunal as the [F181Welsh Ministers F182... consider] necessary or desirable.

[F183(6)The Welsh Ministers may provide such staff and accommodation as the F184... Tribunal may require.]

Textual Amendments

F166Word in s. 333 title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(4); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F169S. 333(1ZB) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F170S. 333(1) substituted (1.9.2002) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(3), Sch. 8 para. 3 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2002/2217, art. 3, Sch. 1 Pt. 1

F171Word in s. 333(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F172Word in s. 333(2)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F173Word in s. 333(2)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F174Word in s. 333(2)(c) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F176S. 333(4A) inserted (12.12.2017 being the date that S.I. 2017/1282 comes into force) by Wales Act 2017 (c. 4), ss. 62(4), 71(4) (with Sch. 7 paras. 1, 6); S.I. 2017/351, reg. 2(2)

F179Word in s. 333(5)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(c); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F180Word in s. 333(5)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(c); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F184Word in s. 333(6) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 31(3)(d); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C30S. 333: transfer of functions (3.11.2008) by The Transfer of Tribunal Functions Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/2833), arts. 1(1), 3(1), 4, 5, Sch. 1 Table 1 (with Sch. 4)

C31S. 333(5)(6) applied (with modifications) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 5, Sch. 2

334 The President and members of the panels.E+W

(1)No person may be appointed President or member of the chairmen’s panel unless he [F185satisfies the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 5-year basis.]

(2)No person may be appointed member of the lay panel unless he satisfies such requirements as may be prescribed [F186in regulations made by the Welsh Ministers with the agreement of the Secretary of State] .

(3)If, in the opinion of the Lord Chancellor [F187 and of the Lord Chief Justice] , the President is unfit to continue in office or is incapable of performing his duties, the Lord Chancellor may [F188, with the concurrence of the Lord Chief Justice, ] revoke his appointment.

(4)Each member of the chairmen’s panel or lay panel shall hold and vacate office under the terms of the instrument under which he is appointed.

(5)The President or a member of the chairmen’s panel or lay panel—

(a)may resign office by notice in writing to the Lord Chancellor or (as the case may be) the [F189Welsh Ministers] , and

(b)is eligible for re-appointment if he ceases to hold office.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C32S. 334(2) applied (with modifications) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 5, Sch. 2

[F190335 Remuneration and expenses.E+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may pay to the President, and to any other person in respect of his service as a member of the F191... Tribunal, such remuneration and allowances as the Welsh Ministers may determine.

(2)The Welsh Ministers may defray the expenses of the F192... Tribunal to such amount as they may determine.]

Textual Amendments

F191Word in s. 335(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 32; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F192Word in s. 335(2) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 32; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C33S. 335 applied (with modifications) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 5, Sch. 2

336 Tribunal procedure.E+W

(1)Regulations [F193made by the Welsh Ministers] may make provision about the proceedings of the F194... Tribunal on an appeal under this Part and the initiation of such an appeal.

(2)The regulations may, in particular, include provision—

(a)as to the period within which, and the manner in which, appeals are to be instituted,

(b)where the jurisdiction of the F195... Tribunal is being exercised by more than one tribunal—

(i)for determining by which tribunal any appeal is to be heard, and

(ii)for the transfer of proceedings from one tribunal to another,

(c)for enabling any functions which relate to matters preliminary or incidental to an appeal to be performed by the President, or by the chairman,

F196(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)for hearings to be conducted in the absence of any member other than the chairman,

(f)as to the persons who may appear on behalf of the parties,

(g)for granting any person such [F197disclosure] or inspection of documents or right to further particulars as might be granted by [F198the county court],

(h)requiring persons to attend to give evidence and produce documents,

(i)for authorising the administration of oaths to witnesses,

(j)for the determination of appeals without a hearing in [F199circumstances prescribed in the regulations],

(k)as to the withdrawal of appeals,

(l)for the award of costs or expenses,

(m)for taxing or otherwise settling any such costs or expenses (and, in particular, for enabling such costs to be taxed in the county court),

(n)for the registration and proof of decisions and orders, [F200and]

(o)for enabling the F201... Tribunal to review its decisions, or revoke or vary its orders, in such circumstances as may be determined in accordance with the regulations.

[F202(p)enabling the F203... Tribunal to stay proceedings on an appeal, and

(q)for adding and substituting parties.]

[F204(2A)Proceeding before the F205... Tribunal shall be held in private, except in [F206circumstances prescribed in the regulations].]

[F207(3)The Welsh Ministers may pay such allowances for the purpose of or in connection with the attendance of persons at the F208... Tribunal as the Welsh Ministers may determine.]

(4)Part I of the M2Arbitration Act 1996 shall not apply to any proceedings before the F209... Tribunal but regulations [F210made by the Welsh Ministers] may make provision corresponding to any provision of [F211that Part].

[F212(4A)[F213Regulations made under subsection (1)] may make provision for an appeal under this Part to be heard, in [F214circumstances prescribed in the regulations], with a [F215claim in relation to a contravention of Chapter 1 of Part 6 of the Equality Act 2010 so far as relating to disability.].]

(5)Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with—

(a)any requirement in respect of the discovery or inspection of documents imposed by the regulations by virtue of subsection (2)(g), or

(b)any requirement imposed by the regulations by virtue of subsection (2)(h),

is guilty of an offence.

F216(5A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) F217... is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Textual Amendments

F194Word in s. 336(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F195Word in s. 336(2)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F196Section 336(2)(d) repealed (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1)(6), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 13(2)(a), Sch. 9 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F197Word in s. 336(2)(g) substituted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 13(2)(b) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F198Words in s. 336(2)(g) substituted (22.4.2014) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(3), Sch. 9 para. 52; S.I. 2014/954, art. 2(c) (with art. 3) (with transitional provisions and savings in S.I. 2014/956, arts. 3-11)

F200Word in s. 336(2)(n) omitted (10.2.2012) by virtue of Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 7(2), 26(3); S.I. 2012/320, art. 2(b)

F201Word in s. 336(2)(o) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F202S. 336(2)(p)(q) inserted (10.2.2012) by Education (Wales) Measure 2009 (nawm 5), ss. 7(3), 26(3) (as amended (5.5.2010) by S.I. 2010/1148, arts. 1, 5(2)); S.I. 2012/320, art. 2(b)

F203Word in s. 336(2)(p) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F204S. 336(2A) inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 13(3) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F205Word in s. 336(2A) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(c); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F208Word in s. 336(3) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(d); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F209Word in s. 336(4) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(1)(e); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F211Words in s. 336(4) substituted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 42(1), 43(4)(e), Sch. 8 para. 13(4) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F215Words in s. 336(4A) substituted by 2010 c. 15, Sch. 26 Pt. 1 para. 37 (as inserted (1.10.2010) by The Equality Act 2010 (Consequential Amendments, Saving and Supplementary Provisions) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/2279), art. 1(2), Sch. 1 para. 5) (see S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2)

F216S. 336(5A) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F217Words in s. 336(6) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 33(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34S. 336 applied (with modifications) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 5, Sch. 2

Marginal Citations

F219[F218336ZA] Special Educational Needs Tribunal for WalesE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F220336ZB.Appeals from the F221... Tribunal to the Upper TribunalE+W

(1)A party to any proceedings under this Part before the F222... Tribunal may appeal to the Upper Tribunal on any point of law arising from a decision made by the F222... Tribunal in those proceedings.

(2)An appeal may be brought under subsection (1) only if, on an application made by the party concerned, the F223... Tribunal or the Upper Tribunal has given its permission for the appeal to be brought.

(3)Section 12 of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 (proceedings on appeal to Upper Tribunal) applies in relation to appeals to the Upper Tribunal under this section as it applies in relation to appeals to it under section 11 of that Act, but as if references to the First-tier Tribunal were references to the F224... Tribunal.]

Textual Amendments

F221Word in s. 336ZB omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 34(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F222Word in s. 336ZB(1) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 34(2)(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F223Word in s. 336ZB(2) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 34(2)(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F224Word in s. 336ZB(3) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 34(2)(c); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

[F225336A Compliance with ordersE+W

(1)If the Tribunal makes an order, the [F6local authority] concerned must comply with the order before the end of the prescribed period beginning with the date on which it is made.

[F226(2)In subsection (1), “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made [F227by the Welsh Ministers with the agreement of the Secretary of State.]

F228(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F229(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]]

Textual Amendments

F225S. 336A inserted (11.5.2001 for certain purposes, 1.1.2002 otherwise for E. and 1.4.2002 otherwise for W.) by 2001 c. 10, ss. 4, 43(4)(a) (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2001/3992, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F227Words in s. 336A(2) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 35(a); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F228S. 336A(2)(a) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 35(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F229S. 336A(2)(b) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 35(b); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

Chapter IIE+W Schools providing for special educational needs

[F230InterpretationE+W

Textual Amendments

F230 S. 337, 337A and cross-heading substituted for s. 337 and cross-heading (30.3.2010) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 142(1), 173(4); S.I. 2010/1093, art. 2(a)

[F231337Special schoolsE+W

A school is a special school if it is specially organised to make special educational provision for pupils with special educational needs, and it is—

(a)maintained by a local authority,

(b)an Academy school, or

(c)a non-maintained special school.]

Textual Amendments

F231S. 337 substituted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 36; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

337AInterpretation of ChapterE+W

In this Chapter—

  • a non-maintained special school” means a school that is approved under section 342;

  • the appropriate national authority” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a school in England, the Secretary of State;

    (b)

    in relation to a school in Wales, the Welsh Ministers.]

Establishment etc. of special schoolsE+W

F232338. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

F232S. 338 omitted (1.4.1999) by virtue of 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 81 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/1016, art. 2(1), Sch. 1; ss. 338-341 repealed (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1)(3), Sch. 30 para. 81, Sch. 31 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F233339. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

F233S. 339 repealed (1.4.1999 so far as relating to the omission of s. 339(2) and certain words in s. 339(4)(a) and 1.9.1999 otherwise) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1)(3), Sch. 30 para. 81, Sch. 31 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/1016, art. 2(1), Sch. 1; S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F234340. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

F234S. 340 repealed (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1)(3), Sch. 30 para.81, Sch. 31 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6) and subject to savings in S.I. 1999/704, regs. 7, 8, 14(2)(g)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F235341. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

[F236Approval of non-maintained special schools]E+W

Textual Amendments

F236S. 342 and crossheading substituted for s. 342 (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 82 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

X1[F237342 Approval of non-maintained special schools.E+W

(1)The [F238appropriate national authority] may approve under this section any school which—

(a)is specially organised to make special educational provision for pupils with special educational needs, and

(b)is not a community or foundation special school [F239or an Academy school],

and may give F240... approval before or after the school is established.

(2)Regulations may make provision as to the requirements which are to be complied with as a condition of approval under subsection (1) above.

(3)Any school which was a special school immediately before 1st April 1994 shall be treated, subject to subsection (4) below, as approved under this section.

(4)Regulations may make provision as to—

(a)the requirements which are to be complied with by a school while approved under this section, and

(b)the withdrawal of approval from a school (including approval treated as given under subsection (3)) at the request of the proprietor or on the ground that there has been a failure to comply with any prescribed requirement.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of subsections (2) and (4), the requirements which may be imposed by the regulations include requirements—

(a)which call for arrangements to be approved by the [F241appropriate national authority], or

(b)as to the organisation of any special school as a primary school or as a secondary school.

[F242(5A)Regulations shall make provision for securing that, so far as practicable, every pupil attending a school in England that is approved under this section—

(a)receives religious education unless withdrawn from receiving such education in accordance with the wishes of the pupil's parent, and

(b)attends religious worship unless withdrawn from attendance at such worship—

(i)in the case of a sixth-form pupil, in accordance with the pupil's own wishes, and

(ii)in any other case, in accordance with the wishes of the pupil's parent.

(5B)In subsection (5A) “a sixth-form pupil” means a pupil who—

(a)has ceased to be of compulsory school age, and

(b)is receiving education suitable to the requirements of pupils over compulsory school age.]

(6)Regulations shall make provision for securing that, so far as practicable, every pupil attending a [F243school in Wales that is] approved under this section—

(a)receives religious education and attends religious worship, or

(b)is withdrawn from receiving such education or from attendance at such worship in accordance with the wishes of his parent.]

Editorial Information

X1S. 342: With effect from 1.9.1999 s. 342 became subsumed by new cross-heading "Approval of non-maintained special schools". Versions of this provision as it stood at any time before that date cannot be accessed directly by navigation from this version. To view those versions, it is recommended that users either conduct an 'advanced search' specifying an 'as at' date earlier than 1.9.1999 or navigate via the Chapter II heading.

Textual Amendments

F237S. 342 and crossheading substituted for s. 342 (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para. 82 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6)); S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F239Words in s. 342(1)(b) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 37; S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F241Words in s. 342(5)(a) substituted (30.3.2010) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 142(4), 173(4); S.I. 2010/1093, art. 2(a)

F243Words in s. 342(6) substituted (30.3.2010) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 143(3), 173(4); S.I. 2010/1093, art. 2(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F244Non-maintained special schools in England: protection of pupils in an emergencyE+W

Textual Amendments

F244S. 342A and cross-heading inserted (30.3.2010) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 144, 173(4); S.I. 2010/1093, art. 2(a)

342AApplication to justice of the peace: power to make regulationsE+W

(1)Regulations may make provision conferring power on a justice of the peace, on the application of the Secretary of State, to make an order in an urgent case that a non-maintained special school in England should cease to be approved under section 342.

(2)Regulations under this section may in particular make provision corresponding, with or without modifications, to that made in—

(a)section 120(2) to (7) of the Education and Skills Act 2008 (emergency orders in relation to registered independent educational institutions), or

(b)section 122 of that Act (notification).]

[F245Non-maintained special schools in England: appealsE+W

Textual Amendments

F245Ss. 342B, 342C and cross-heading inserted (30.3.2010) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 145, 173(4); S.I. 2010/1093, art. 2(a)

342BAppeal against decision of Secretary of StateE+W

(1)Regulations may make provision for an appeal against a decision of the Secretary of State—

(a)to withdraw approval from a non-maintained special school in England by virtue of section 342(4)(b) (failure to comply with prescribed requirement) otherwise than at the request of the proprietor;

(b)not to approve, not to approve a change to, or to withdraw approval from, relevant arrangements in relation to such a school.

(2)In subsection (1)(b) “relevant arrangements” means arrangements that require the approval of the Secretary of State by virtue of section 342(5)(a).

(3)Regulations under this section must provide that an appeal brought by virtue of this section—

(a)lies to the First-tier Tribunal, and

(b)must be brought by the proprietor of the school in question.

(4)The regulations may in particular make provision, in the case of an appeal brought by virtue of subsection (1)(a), prohibiting the Secretary of State from acting on a decision to withdraw approval during the period in which—

(a)an appeal against the decision could be brought, or

(b)where an appeal has been brought, the appeal has not been determined, withdrawn or otherwise disposed of.

342CAppeal against order of justice of peaceE+W

(1)Regulations may make provision for an appeal against the making of an order by virtue of section 342A (order by justice of peace in an emergency).

(2)The regulations must provide that an appeal brought by virtue of this section—

(a)lies to the First-tier Tribunal, and

(b)must be brought by the proprietor of the school in question.]

X2F246343. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Editorial Information

X2S. 343: With effect from 1.9.1999, a new cross-heading "Approval of non-maintained special schools" was inserted before s. 342. Versions ofs. 343 as it stood at any time before that date cannot now be accessed directly by navigation from this version. To view those versions, it is recommended that users either conduct an 'advanced search' specifying an 'as at' date earlier than 1.9.1999 or navigate via the Chapter II heading.

Textual Amendments

Government etc. of special schoolsE+W

F247344. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

F247S. 344 repealed (1.9.1999) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1)(3), Sch. 30 para. 83, Sch. 31 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6) and subject to savings in S.I. 1999/2323, art. 5, Sch. 7 paras. 2, 10); S.I. 1999/2323, art, 2(1), Sch. 1

Maintained special school becoming grant-maintainedE+W

F248345. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

Grouping of grant-maintained special schoolsE+W

F249346. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Textual Amendments

Independent schools providing special educationE+W

347 Approval of independent schools.E+W

(1)[F250The Welsh Ministers] may approve an independent school [F251 in Wales] as suitable for the admission of children for whom statements are maintained under section 324.

(2)Regulations may make provision as to—

(a)the requirements which are to be complied with by a school as a condition of its approval under this section,

(b)the requirements which are to be complied with by a school while an approval under this section is in force in respect of it, and

(c)the withdrawal of approval from a school at the request of the proprietor or on the ground that there has been a failure to comply with any prescribed requirement.

(3)An approval under this section may be given subject to such conditions (in addition to those prescribed) as [F252the Welsh Ministers see] fit to impose.

(4)In any case where there is a failure to comply with such a condition imposed under subsection (3), [F253the Welsh Ministers may withdraw their] approval.

(5)No person shall so exercise his functions under this Part that [F254a relevant child] is educated in an independent school unless—

(a)the school is for the time being approved by [F255the Welsh Ministers] as suitable for the admission of children for whom statements are maintained under section 324, or

(b)[F256the Welsh Ministers are] satisfied that there is a place available for the child at the school and [F257consent] to the child being educated there.

[F258(5ZA)In subsection (5) “a relevant child” means a child with special educational needs—

(a)for whom a [F6local authority] in Wales maintain a statement under section 324, or

(b)for whom no [F6local authority] maintain such a statement and who is in the area of a [F6local authority] in Wales.]

[F259(5A)[F260Subsection (5)] does not apply to a [F6local authority] [F261 in Wales] deciding, for the purposes of section 324(5), whether a parent has made suitable arrangements.]

Textual Amendments

F252Words in s. 347(3) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(3), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

F253Words in s. 347(4) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(4), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

F255Words in s. 347(5)(a) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(5)(b), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

F256Words in s. 347(5)(b) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(5)(c), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

F257Word in s. 347(5)(b) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(5)(c), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

F259S. 347(5A) inserted (1.1.2002 (E.) and 1.4.2002 (W.)) by 2001 c. 10, s. 42(1), Sch. 8 para. 12 (with s. 43(13)); S.I. 2001/2217, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/2614, art. 4); S.I. 2002/74, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F260Words in s. 347(5A) substituted (1.9.2009) by Education and Skills Act 2008 (c. 25), ss. 146(7)(a), 173(4); S.I. 2009/1513, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

348 Provision of special education at non-maintained schools [F262—Wales].E+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)special educational provision in respect of a child with special educational needs is made at a school which is not a maintained school,

[F263(aa)the child is in the area of a local authority in Wales,] and

(b)either the name of the school is specified in a statement in respect of the child under section 324 or the [F6local authority] are satisfied—

(i)that his interests require the necessary special educational provision to be made for him at a school which is not a maintained school, and

(ii)that it is appropriate for the child to be provided with education at the particular school.

(2)Where this section applies, the [F6local authority] shall pay the whole of the fees payable in respect of the education provided for the child at the school, and if—

(a)board and lodging are provided for him at the school, and

(b)the authority are satisfied that the necessary special educational provision cannot be provided for him at the school unless the board and lodging are also provided,

the authority shall pay the whole of the fees payable in respect of the board and lodging.

F264[(3)In this section “maintained school” means a school maintained by a [F6local authority].]

Textual Amendments

F262Word in s. 348 title inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 38(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F263S. 348(1)(aa) inserted (1.9.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 38(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F264S. 348(3) substituted (1.9.1999) for s. 348(3)(a)-(c) by 1998 c. 31, s. 140(1), Sch. 30 para.84 (with ss. 138(9), 144(6))

Variation of deedsE+W

349 Variation of trust deeds etc. by order.E+W

(1)[F265The appropriate national authority] may by order make such modifications of any trust deed or other instrument relating to a school as, after consultation with the governing body or other proprietor of the school, appear to [F266it] to be necessary to enable the governing body or proprietor to meet any requirement imposed by [F267— (a)] regulations under section 342 F268.... [F267, or

(b)Academy arrangements.]

[F269(1A)The Welsh Ministers may by order make such modifications of any trust deed or other instrument relating to a school in Wales as, after consultation with the governing body or other proprietor of the school, appear to them to be necessary to enable the governing body or proprietor to meet any requirement imposed by regulations under section 347.]

(2)Any modification made by an order under this section may be made to have permanent effect or to have effect for such period as may be specified in the order.

Textual Amendments

F267Words in s. 349(1) inserted (29.7.2010) by Academies Act 2010 (c. 32), s. 19(2), Sch. 2 para. 3; S.I. 2010/1937, art. 2, Sch. 1

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