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Disability Discrimination Act 1995

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part VE+W+S+N.I. Public Transport

TaxisE+W+S+N.I.

Prospective

32 Taxi accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations (“taxi accessibility regulations”) for the purpose of securing that it is possible—

(a)for disabled persons—

(i)to get into and out of taxis in safety;

(ii)to be carried in taxis in safety and in reasonable comfort; and

(b)for disabled persons in wheelchairs—

(i)to be conveyed in safety into and out of taxis while remaining in their wheelchairs; and

(ii)to be carried in taxis in safety and in reasonable comfort while remaining in their wheelchairs.

(2)Taxi accessibility regulations may, in particular—

(a)require any regulated taxi to conform with provisions of the regulations as to—

(i)the size of any door opening which is for the use of passengers;

(ii)the floor area of the passenger compartment;

(iii)the amount of headroom in the passenger compartment;

(iv)the fitting of restraining devices designed to ensure the stability of a wheelchair while the taxi is moving;

(b)require the driver of any regulated taxi which is plying for hire, or which has been hired, to comply with provisions of the regulations as to the carrying of ramps or other devices designed to facilitate the loading and unloading of wheelchairs;

(c)require the driver of any regulated taxi in which a disabled person who is in a wheelchair is being carried (while remaining in his wheelchair) to comply with provisions of the regulations as to the position in which the wheelchair is to be secured.

(3)The driver of a regulated taxi which is plying for hire, or which has been hired, is guilty of an offence if—

(a)he fails to comply with any requirement imposed on him by the regulations; or

(b)the taxi fails to conform with any provision of the regulations with which it is required to conform.

(4)A person who is guilty of such an offence is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)In this section—

  • passenger compartment” has such meaning as may be prescribed;

  • regulated taxi” means any taxi to which the regulations are expressed to apply;

  • taxi” means a vehicle licensed under—

    (a)

    section 37 of the M1Town Police Clauses Act 1847, or

    (b)

    section 6 of the M2Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869,

    but does not include a taxi which is drawn by a horse or other animal.

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Extent Information

E1In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Marginal Citations

32 Taxi accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations (“taxi accessibility regulations”) for the purpose of securing that it is possible—

(a)for disabled persons—

(i)to get into and out of taxis in safety;

(ii)to be carried in taxis in safety and in reasonable comfort; and

(b)for disabled persons in wheelchairs—

(i)to be conveyed in safety into and out of taxis while remaining in their wheelchairs; and

(ii)to be carried in taxis in safety and in reasonable comfort while remaining in their wheelchairs.

(2)Taxi accessibility regulations may, in particular—

(a)require any regulated taxi to conform with provisions of the regulations as to—

(i)the size of any door opening which is for the use of passengers;

(ii)the floor area of the passenger compartment;

(iii)the amount of headroom in the passenger compartment;

(iv)the fitting of restraining devices designed to ensure the stability of a wheelchair while the taxi is moving;

(b)require the driver of any regulated taxi which is plying for hire, or which has been hired, to comply with provisions of the regulations as to the carrying of ramps or other devices designed to facilitate the loading and unloading of wheelchairs;

(c)require the driver of any regulated taxi in which a disabled person who is in a wheelchair is being carried (while remaining in his wheelchair) to comply with provisions of the regulations as to the position in which the wheelchair is to be secured.

(3)The driver of a regulated taxi which is plying for hire, or which has been hired, is guilty of an offence if—

(a)he fails to comply with any requirement imposed on him by the regulations; or

(b)the taxi fails to conform with any provision of the regulations with which it is required to conform.

(4)A person who is guilty of such an offence is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)In this section—

  • passenger compartment” has such meaning as may be prescribed;

  • regulated taxi” means any taxi to which the regulations are expressed to apply;

  • (a)

    (b)

  • [F31taxi” means a taxi within the meaning of the Taxis Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 which is licensed under section 13 of that Act for use in standing or plying for hire or reward or to carry passengers for hire or reward.]

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Extent Information

E1In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F31S. 32(5): definition of "taxi" substituted (N.I.) (prosp.) by Taxis Act (Northern Ireland) (2008 c. 4 (N.I)), ss. 58(1), 59, Sch. 2 para. 3

Marginal Citations

Prospective

33 Designated transport facilities.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “a franchise agreement” means a contract entered into by the operator of a designated transport facility for the provision by the other party to the contract of hire car services—

(a)for members of the public using any part of the transport facility; and

(b)which involve vehicles entering any part of that facility.

(2)The [F1appropriate national authority] may by regulations provide for the application of any taxi provision in relation to—

(a)vehicles used for the provision of services under a franchise agreement; or

(b)the drivers of such vehicles.

(3)Any regulations under subsection (2) may apply any taxi provision with such modifications as the [F2authority making the regulations] considers appropriate.

(4)In this section—

  • [F3appropriate national authority means—

    (a)

    in relation to transport facilities in England and Wales, the Secretary of State, and

    (b)

    in relation to transport facilities in Scotland, the Scottish Ministers (but see subsection (5));]

  • designated” means designated for the purposes of this section by an order made by the [F1appropriate national authority];

  • hire car” has such meaning as may be [F4specified by regulations made by the appropriate national authority];

  • operator”, in relation to a transport facility, means any person who is concerned with the management or operation of the facility;

  • taxi provision” means any provision of—

    (a)

    this Act, or

    (b)

    regulations made in pursuance of section 20(2A) of the M3Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982,

    which applies in relation to taxis or the drivers of taxis; and

  • transport facility” means any premises which form part of any port, airport, railway station or bus station.

[F5(5)The Secretary of State may, for the purposes mentioned in section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 (implementation of Community obligations etc. of the United Kingdom), exercise the powers conferred by this section on the Scottish Ministers.]

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Extent Information

E2In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 33(4): definition of "appropriate national authority" inserted (E.W.S.) (5.12.2005) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. 19(1), 20(3)-(6), Sch. 1 para. 26(4); S.I. 2005/2774, art. 3(j)

F4S. 33(4): words in definition of "prescribed" substituted (E.W.S.) (5.12.2005) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. 19(1), 20(3)-(6), Sch. 1 para. 26(5); S.I. 2005/2774, art. 3(j)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 33: transfer of certain functions (S.) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/1750, arts. 1, 2, Sch. 1 (with art. 7); S.I. 1998/3178, art. 3

Marginal Citations

Prospective

34 New licences conditional on compliance with taxi accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)No licensing authority shall grant a licence for a taxi to ply for hire unless the vehicle conforms with those provisions of the taxi accessibility regulations with which it will be required to conform if licensed.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if such a licence was in force with respect to the vehicle at any time during the period of 28 days immediately before the day on which the licence is granted.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order provide for subsection (2) to cease to have effect on such date as may be specified in the order.

(4)Separate orders may be made under subsection (3) with respect to different areas or localities.

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Extent Information

E3In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect as substituted by Sch. 8 para. 18; see s. 70(6)

34 New licences conditional on compliance with taxi accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

[F32(1)The Department of the Environment shall not grant a taxi licence under section 13 of the Taxis Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 for a taxi unless the vehicle conforms with those provisions of the taxi accessibility regulations with which it will be required to conform if licensed.]

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if such a licence [F33or a public service vehicle licence granted under Article 61 of the Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 ] was in force with respect to the vehicle at any time during the period of 28 days immediately before the day on which the licence is granted.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order provide for subsection (2) to cease to have effect on such date as may be specified in the order.

(4)Separate orders may be made under subsection (3) with respect to different areas or localities.

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Extent Information

E3In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect as substituted by Sch. 8 para. 18; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F32S. 34(1) substituted (N.I.) (prosp.) by Taxis Act (Northern Ireland) (2008 c. 4 (N.I)), ss. 58(1), 59, Sch. 2 para. 4(a)

F33Words in s. 34(2) inserted (N.I.) (prosp.) by Taxis Act (Northern Ireland) (2008 c. 4 (N.I)), ss. 58(1), 59, Sch. 2 para. 4(b)

Prospective

35 Exemption from taxi accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations (“exemption regulations”) for the purpose of enabling any relevant licensing authority to apply to him for an order (an “exemption order”) exempting the authority from the requirements of section 34.

(2)Exemption regulations may, in particular, make provision requiring a licensing authority proposing to apply for an exemption order—

(a)to carry out such consultations as may be prescribed;

(b)to publish the proposal in the prescribed manner;

(c)to consider any representations made to it about the proposal, before applying for the order;

(d)to make its application in the prescribed form.

(3)A licensing authority may apply for an exemption order only if it is satisfied—

(a)that, having regard to the circumstances prevailing in its area, it would be inappropriate for the requirements of section 34 to apply; and

(b)that the application of section 34 would result in an unacceptable reduction in the number of taxis in its area.

(4)After considering any application for an exemption order and consulting the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee and such other persons as he considers appropriate, the Secretary of State may—

(a)make an exemption order in the terms of the application;

(b)make an exemption order in such other terms as he considers appropriate; or

(c)refuse to make an exemption order.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations (“swivel seat regulations”) make provision requiring any exempt taxi plying for hire in an area in respect of which an exemption order is in force to conform with provisions of the regulations as to the fitting and use of swivel seats.

(6)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision with respect to swivel seat regulations similar to that made by section 34 with respect to taxi accessibility regulations.

(7)In this section—

  • exempt taxi” means a taxi in relation to which section 34(1) would apply if the exemption order were not in force;

  • relevant licensing authority” means a licensing authority responsible for licensing taxis in any area of England and Wales other than the area to which the M4Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869 applies; and

  • swivel seats” has such meaning as may be prescribed.

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Extent Information

E4In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Marginal Citations

36 Carrying of passengers in wheelchairs.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section imposes duties on the driver of a regulated taxi which has been hired—

(a)by or for a disabled person who is in a wheelchair; or

(b)by a person who wishes such a disabled person to accompany him in the [F6vehicle].

[F7(1A)This section also imposes duties on the driver of a designated vehicle other than a regulated taxi if—

(a)the designated vehicle is being used to provide a local service (within the meaning of section 2 of the Transport Act 1985), and

(b)a person falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) has indicated to the driver that he wishes to travel on the service.]

(2)In this section—

  • carry” means carry in the [F8vehicle] concerned; and

  • the passenger” means the disabled person concerned.

(3)The duties are—

(a)to carry the passenger while he remains in his wheelchair;

(b)not to make any additional charge for doing so;

(c)if the passenger chooses to sit in a passenger seat, to carry the wheelchair;

(d)to take such steps as are necessary to ensure that the passenger is carried in safety and in reasonable comfort;

(e)to give such assistance as may be reasonably required—

(i)to enable the passenger to get into or out of the [F8vehicle];

(ii)if the passenger wishes to remain in his wheelchair, to enable him to be conveyed into and out of the [F8vehicle] while in his wheelchair;

(iii)to load the passenger’s luggage into or out of the [F8vehicle];

(iv)if the passenger does not wish to remain in his wheelchair, to load the wheelchair into or out of the [F8vehicle].

(4)Nothing in this section is to be taken to require the driver of any [F8vehicle]

(a)except in the case of a [F8vehicle] of a prescribed description, to carry more than one person in a wheelchair, or more than one wheelchair, on any one journey; or

(b)to carry any person in circumstances in which it would otherwise be lawful for him to refuse to carry that person.

(5)A driver of a regulated taxi [F9or designated vehicle] who fails to comply with any duty imposed on him by this section is guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6)In any proceedings for an offence under this section, it is a defence for the accused to show that, even though at the time of the alleged offence

[F10(a)in the case of a regulated taxi,]

the taxi conformed with those provisions of the taxi accessibility regulations with which it was required to conform,

[F11(b)in the case of a designated vehicle, the vehicle conformed to the accessibility requirements which applied to it,]

it would not have been possible for the wheelchair in question to be carried in safety in the [F12vehicle].

(7)If the licensing authority is satisfied that it is appropriate to exempt a person from the duties imposed by this section—

(a)on medical grounds, or

(b)on the ground that his physical condition makes it impossible or unreasonably difficult for him to comply with the duties imposed on drivers by this section,

it shall issue him with a certificate of exemption.

(8)A certificate of exemption shall be issued for such period as may be specified in the certificate.

(9)The driver of a regulated taxi is exempt from the duties imposed by this section if—

(a)a certificate of exemption issued to him under this section is in force; and

(b)the prescribed notice of his exemption is exhibited on the taxi in the prescribed manner.

[F13(10)The driver of a designated vehicle is exempt from the duties imposed by this section if—

(a)a certificate of exemption issued to him under this section is in force; and

(b)he is carrying the certificate on the vehicle.

(11)The driver of a designated vehicle who is exempt under subsection (10) must show the certificate, on request, to a person falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1).]

[F14(12)In this section—

  • designated vehicle” means a vehicle which appears on a list maintained under section 36A;

  • licensing authority” has the meaning given by section 36A.]

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Extent Information

E5In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F6S. 36(1)(b): word "vehicle" substituted for "taxi" (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(2), 134(2)

F8S. 36(2)(3)(4): word "vehicle" substituted (E.W.S.) for "taxi" (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(4), 134(2)

F9Words in s. 36(5) inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(5), 134(2)

F10Words in s. 36(6) inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(6), 134(2)

F11Words in s. 36(6) inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(6), 134(2)

F12S. 36(6): word "vehicle" substituted (E.W.S.) for "taxi" (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. 55(6), 134(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 36 in force (27.1.2009) (E.W.S) so far as it applies to designated vehicles by virtue of s. 70(2A)(a) of this Act (as inserted (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(9)}, 134(2))

[F1536AList of wheelchair-accessible vehicles providing local servicesE+W+S

(1)A licensing authority may maintain a list of vehicles falling within subsection (2).

(2)A vehicle falls within this subsection if—

(a)it is either a taxi or a private hire vehicle,

(b)it is being used or is to be used by the holder of a special licence under that licence, and

(c)it conforms to such accessibility requirements as the licensing authority thinks fit.

(3)“Accessibility requirements” are any requirements for the purpose of securing that it is possible for disabled persons in wheelchairs—

(a)to get into and out of vehicles in safety, or to be conveyed in safety into and out of vehicles while remaining in their wheelchairs; and

(b)to be carried in vehicles in safety and reasonable comfort (whether or not they wish to remain in their wheelchairs).

(4)The Secretary of State may issue guidance to licensing authorities as to—

(a)the accessibility requirements which they should apply for the purposes of this section;

(b)any other aspect of their functions under or by virtue of this section.

(5)A licensing authority which maintains a list under subsection (1) must have regard to any guidance issued under subsection (4).

(6)In this section—

  • licensing authority”, in relation to any area, means the authority responsible for licensing taxis or, as the case may be, private hire vehicles in that area;

  • private hire vehicle” means—

    (a)

    a vehicle licensed under section 48 of the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976;

    (b)

    a vehicle licensed under section 7 of the Private Hire Vehicles (London) Act 1998;

    (c)

    a vehicle licensed under an equivalent provision of a local enactment;

    (d)

    a private hire car licensed under section 10 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982;

  • special licence” has the meaning given by section 12 of the Transport Act 1985 (use of taxis in providing local services);

  • taxi” includes a taxi licensed under section 10 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

37 Carrying of guide dogs and hearing dogs.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section imposes duties on the driver of a taxi which has been hired—

(a)by or for a disabled person who is accompanied by his guide dog or hearing dog, or

(b)by a person who wishes such a disabled person to accompany him in the taxi.

(2)The disabled person is referred to in this section as “the passenger”.

(3)The duties are—

(a)to carry the passenger’s dog and allow it to remain with the passenger; and

(b)not to make any additional charge for doing so.

(4)A driver of a taxi who fails to comply with any duty imposed on him by this section is guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)If the licensing authority is satisfied that it is appropriate on medical grounds to exempt a person from the duties imposed by this section, it shall issue him with a certificate of exemption.

(6)In determining whether to issue a certificate of exemption, the licensing authority shall, in particular, have regard to the physical characteristics of the taxi which the applicant drives or those of any kind of taxi in relation to which he requires the certificate.

(7)A certificate of exemption shall be issued—

(a)with respect to a specified taxi or a specified kind of taxi; and

(b)for such period as may be specified in the certificate.

(8)The driver of a taxi is exempt from the duties imposed by this section if—

(a)a certificate of exemption issued to him under this section is in force with respect to the taxi; and

(b)the prescribed notice of his exemption is exhibited on the taxi in the prescribed manner.

(9)The Secretary of State may, for the purposes of this section, prescribe any other category of dog trained to assist a disabled person who has a disability of a prescribed kind.

(10)This section applies in relation to any such prescribed category of dog as it applies in relation to guide dogs.

(11)In this section—

  • guide dog” means a dog which has been trained to guide a blind person; and

  • hearing dog” means a dog which has been trained to assist a deaf person.

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Extent Information

E6In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I2S. 37 partly in force; s. 37 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 37 in force for E.W. at 1.12.2000 for specified purposes and at 31.3.2001 for all other purposes by S.I. 2000/2989, art. 2(a)(b); s. 37 in force for N.I. at 1.6.2001 for specified purposes and at 1.8.2001 for all other purposes by S.R. 2001/163, art. 2(1)

[F1637A Carrying of assistance dogs in private hire vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)It is an offence for the operator of a private hire vehicle to fail or refuse to accept a booking for a private hire vehicle—

(a)if the booking is requested by or on behalf of a disabled person, or a person who wishes a disabled person to accompany him; and

(b)the reason for the failure or refusal is that the disabled person will be accompanied by his assistance dog.

(2)It is an offence for the operator of a private hire vehicle to make an additional charge for carrying an assistance dog which is accompanying a disabled person.

(3)It is an offence for the driver of a private hire vehicle to fail or refuse to carry out a booking accepted by the operator of the vehicle—

(a)if the booking was made by or on behalf of a disabled person, or a person who wishes a disabled person to accompany him; and

(b)the reason for the failure or refusal is that the disabled person is accompanied by his assistance dog.

(4)A person who is guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)If the licensing authority is satisfied that it is appropriate on medical grounds to issue a certificate of exemption to a driver in respect of subsection (3) it must do so.

(6)In determining whether to issue a certificate of exemption, the licensing authority shall, in particular, have regard to the physical characteristics of the private hire vehicle which the applicant drives or those of any kind of private hire vehicle in relation to which he requires the certificate.

(7)A certificate of exemption shall be issued—

(a)with respect to a specified private hire vehicle or a specified kind of private hire vehicle; and

(b)for such period as may be specified in the certificate.

(8)No offence is committed by a driver under subsection (3) if—

(a)a certificate of exemption issued to him under this section is in force with respect to the private hire vehicle; and

(b)the prescribed notice is exhibited on the private hire vehicle in the prescribed manner.

(9)In this section—

  • assistance dog” means a dog which—

    (a)

    has been trained to guide a blind person;

    (b)

    has been trained to assist a deaf person;

    (c)

    has been trained by a prescribed charity to assist a disabled person who has a disability which—

    (i)

    consists of epilepsy; or

    (ii)

    otherwise affects his mobility, manual dexterity, physical co-ordination or ability to lift, carry or otherwise move everyday objects;

  • driver” means a person who holds a licence granted under—

    (a)

    section 13 of the Private Hire Vehicles (London) Act 1998 (c. 34) (“the 1998 Act”);

    (b)

    section 51 of the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 (c. 57) (“the 1976 Act”); or

    (c)

    an equivalent provision of a local enactment;

  • licensing authority”, in relation to any area of England and Wales, means the authority responsible for licensing private hire vehicles in that area;

  • operator” means a person who holds a licence granted under—

    (a)

    section 3 of the 1998 Act;

    (b)

    section 55 of the 1976 Act; or

    (c)

    an equivalent provision of a local enactment;

  • private hire vehicle” means a vehicle licensed under—

    (a)

    section 6 of the 1998 Act;

    (b)

    section 48 of the 1976 Act; or

    (c)

    an equivalent provision of a local enactment.]

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Extent Information

E7In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F16S. 37A inserted (31.12.2003 for E.W. for certain purposes and otherwise 31.3.2004 for E.W, 1.1.2008 for N.I. for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.2008 for N.I.) by 2002 c. 37, ss. 1(1), 6(2); S.I. 2003/3123, art. 2; S.I. 2007/3477, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

38[F17Appeals]E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any person who is aggrieved by the refusal of a licensing authority to issue an exemption certificate under [F18section 36, 37 or 37A] may appeal to [F19a magistrates'] court [F20or, in Scotland, the sheriff court] before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date of the refusal.

(2)On an appeal to it under [F21subsection (1)], the court may direct the licensing authority concerned to issue the appropriate certificate of exemption to have effect for such period as may be specified in the direction.

(3)F22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F23(4)Any person who is aggrieved by the decision of a licensing authority to include a vehicle on a list maintained under section 36A may appeal to a magistrates' court or, in Scotland, the sheriff court before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date of the inclusion.

(5)In this section “licensing authority” has the meaning given by section 36A.]

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Extent Information

E8In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Amendments (Textual)

F17S. 38: heading "Appeals" substituted (E.W.S.) for "Appeal against refusal of exemption certificate." (26.1.2009) by virtue of Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(7)}, 134(2)

F18Words in s. 38(1) substituted (31.12.2003 for E.W. for specified purposes, otherwise 31.3.2004 for E.W. and 1.1.2008 for N.I. for certain purposes, otherwise 1.6.2008 for N.I.) by 2002 c. 37, ss. 3, 6(2); S.I. 2003/3123, art. 2; S.I. 2007/3477, art. 2

F19Words "a magistrates'" in s. 38 substituted for "the appropriate" (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1), 110, Sch. 8 para. 368(2): S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

F20Words in s. 38(1) inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(4)}, 134(2)

F21S. 38(2): words "subsection (1)" substituted (E.W.S.) for "this section" (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(5)}, 134(2)

F23S. 38(4)(5) inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(6)}, 134(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I3S. 38 wholly in force at 26.1.2009; s. 38 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 38 in force for E.W. at 1.12.2000 by S.I. 2000/2989, art. 3; s. 38 in force for N.I. at 1.6.2001 by S.R. 2001/163, art. 2(2) and in force for S. (27.1.2009) by virtue of s. 70(2A)(c) of this Act (as inserted (E.W.S.) (26.1.2009) by Local Transport Act 2008 (c. 26), ss. {56(9)}, 134)

39 Requirements as to disabled passengers in Scotland.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Part II of the M5Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (licensing and regulation) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (4) of section 10 (suitability of vehicle for use as taxi)—

(a)after “authority” insert “ — (a) ”; and

(b)at the end add ; and

(b)as not being so suitable if it does not so comply.

(3)In section 20 (regulations relating to taxis etc.) after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Without prejudice to the generality of subsections (1) and (2) above, regulations under those subsections may make such provision as appears to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient in relation to the carrying in taxis of disabled persons (within the meaning of section 1(2) of the M6Disability Discrimination Act 1995) and such provision may in particular prescribe—

(a)requirements as to the carriage of wheelchairs, guide dogs, hearing dogs and other categories of dog;

(b)a date from which any such provision is to apply and the extent to which it is to apply; and

(c)the circumstances in which an exemption from such provision may be granted in respect of any taxi or taxi driver,

and in this subsection—

  • guide dog” means a dog which has been trained to guide a blind person;

  • hearing dog” means a dog which has been trained to assist a deaf person; and

  • other categories of dog” means such other categories of dog as the Secretary of State may prescribe, trained to assist disabled persons who have disabilities of such kinds as he may prescribe.

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Extent Information

E9In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I4S. 39 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 70(3); s. 39 in force at 5.2.2003 in relation to Scotland by S.I. 2003/215, art. 2

Marginal Citations

Public service vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

40 PSV accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations (“PSV accessibility regulations”) for the purpose of securing that it is possible for disabled persons—

(a)to get on to and off regulated public service vehicles in safety and without unreasonable difficulty (and, in the case of disabled persons in wheelchairs, to do so while remaining in their wheelchairs); and

(b)to be carried in such vehicles in safety and in reasonable comfort.

(2)PSV accessibility regulations may, in particular, make provision as to the construction, use and maintenance of regulated public service vehicles including provision as to—

(a)the fitting of equipment to vehicles;

(b)equipment to be carried by vehicles;

(c)the design of equipment to be fitted to, or carried by, vehicles;

(d)the fitting and use of restraining devices designed to ensure the stability of wheelchairs while vehicles are moving;

(e)the position in which wheelchairs are to be secured while vehicles are moving.

(3)Any person who—

(a)contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of the PSV accessibility regulations,

(b)uses on a road a regulated public service vehicle which does not conform with any provision of the regulations with which it is required to conform, or

(c)causes or permits to be used on a road such a regulated public service vehicle,

is guilty of an offence.

(4)A person who is guilty of such an offence is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(5)In this section—

  • public service vehicle” means a vehicle which is—

    (a)

    adapted to carry more than eight passengers; and

    (b)

    a public service vehicle for the purposes of the M7Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981;

  • regulated public service vehicle” means any public service vehicle to which the PSV accessibility regulations are expressed to apply.

(6)Different provision may be made in regulations under this section—

(a)as respects different classes or descriptions of vehicle;

(b)as respects the same class or description of vehicle in different circumstances.

(7)Before making any regulations under this section or section 41 or 42 the Secretary of State shall consult the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee and such other representative organisations as he thinks fit.

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Extent Information

E10In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I5S. 40 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 40 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 40 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 40 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 2003/24, art. 2

Marginal Citations

41 Accessibility certificates.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A regulated public service vehicle shall not be used on a road unless—

(a)a vehicle examiner has issued a certificate (an “accessibility certificate”) that such provisions of the PSV accessibility regulations as may be prescribed are satisfied in respect of the vehicle; or

(b)an approval certificate has been issued under section 42 in respect of the vehicle.

(2)The Secretary of State may make regulations—

(a)with respect to applications for, and the issue of, accessibility certificates;

(b)providing for the examination of vehicles in respect of which applications have been made;

(c)with respect to the issue of copies of accessibility certificates in place of certificates which have been lost or destroyed.

(3)If a regulated public service vehicle is used in contravention of this section, the operator of the vehicle is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(4)In this section “operator” has the same meaning as in the M8Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981.

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Extent Information

E11In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I6S. 41 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 41 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 41 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 41 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 2003/24, art. 2

Marginal Citations

42 Approval certificates.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that such provisions of the PSV accessibility regulations as may be prescribed for the purposes of section 41 are satisfied in respect of a particular vehicle he may approve the vehicle for the purposes of this section.

(2)A vehicle which has been so approved is referred to in this section as a “type vehicle”.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where a declaration in the prescribed form has been made by an authorised person that a particular vehicle conforms in design, construction and equipment with a type vehicle.

(4)A vehicle examiner may, after examining (if he thinks fit) the vehicle to which the declaration applies, issue a certificate in the prescribed form (“an approval certificate”) that it conforms to the type vehicle.

(5)The Secretary of State may make regulations—

(a)with respect to applications for, and grants of, approval under subsection (1);

(b)with respect to applications for, and the issue of, approval certificates;

(c)providing for the examination of vehicles in respect of which applications have been made;

(d)with respect to the issue of copies of approval certificates in place of certificates which have been lost or destroyed.

(6)The Secretary of State may at any time withdraw his approval of a type vehicle.

(7)Where an approval is withdrawn—

(a)no further approval certificates shall be issued by reference to the type vehicle; but

(b)any approval certificate issued by reference to the type vehicle before the withdrawal shall continue to have effect for the purposes of section 41.

(8)In subsection (3) “authorised person” means a person authorised by the Secretary of State for the purposes of that subsection.

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Extent Information

E12In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I7S. 42 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 42 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 42 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 42 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 3003/24, art. 2

43 Special authorisations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order authorise the use on roads of—

(a)any regulated public service vehicle of a class or description specified by the order, or

(b)any regulated public service vehicle which is so specified,

and nothing in section 40, 41 or 42 prevents the use of any vehicle in accordance with the order.

(2)Any such authorisation may be given subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified by or under the order.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order make provision for the purpose of securing that, subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified by or under the order, provisions of the PSV accessibility regulations apply to regulated public service vehicles of a description specified by the order subject to such modifications or exceptions as may be specified by the order.

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Extent Information

E13In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8 para. 27; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I8S. 43 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 43 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 43 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 43 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 3003/24, art. 2

44 Reviews and appeals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State refuses an application for the approval of a vehicle under section 42(1); and

(b)before the end of the prescribed period, the applicant asks the Secretary of State to review the decision and pays any fee fixed under section 45.

(2)The Secretary of State shall—

(a)review the decision; and

(b)in doing so, consider any representations made to him in writing, before the end of the prescribed period, by the applicant.

(3)A person applying for an accessibility certificate or an approval certificate may appeal to the Secretary of State against the refusal of a vehicle examiner to issue such a certificate.

(4)An appeal must be made within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

(5)Regulations may make provision as to the procedure to be followed in connection with appeals.

(6)On the determination of an appeal, the Secretary of State may—

(a)confirm, vary or reverse the decision appealed against;

(b)give such directions as he thinks fit to the vehicle examiner for giving effect to his decision.

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Extent Information

E14In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I9S. 44 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 44 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 44 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 44 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 3003/24, art. 2

45 Fees.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Such fees, payable at such times, as may be prescribed may be charged by the Secretary of State in respect of—

(a)applications for, and grants of, approval under section 42(1);

(b)applications for, and the issue of, accessibility certificates and approval certificates;

(c)copies of such certificates;

(d)reviews and appeals under section 44.

(2)Any such fees received by the Secretary of State shall be paid by him into the Consolidated Fund.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision for the repayment of fees, in whole or in part, in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(4)Before making any regulations under subsection (1) the Secretary of State shall consult such representative organisations as he thinks fit.

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Extent Information

E15In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I10S. 45 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 45 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 45 in force for E.W.S. at 30.8.2000 by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 45 in force for N.I. at 21.1.2003 by S.R. 3003/24, art. 2

Rail vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

46 Rail vehicle accessibility regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations (“rail vehicle accessibility regulations”) for the purpose of securing that it is possible—

(a)for disabled persons—

(i)to get on to and off regulated rail vehicles in safety and without unreasonable difficulty;

(ii)to be carried in such vehicles in safety and in reasonable comfort; and

(b)for disabled persons in wheelchairs—

(i)to get on to and off such vehicles in safety and without unreasonable difficulty while remaining in their wheelchairs, and

(ii)to be carried in such vehicles in safety and in reasonable comfort while remaining in their wheelchairs.

(2)Rail vehicle accessibility regulations may, in particular, make provision as to the construction, use and maintenance of regulated rail vehicles including provision as to—

(a)the fitting of equipment to vehicles;

(b)equipment to be carried by vehicles;

(c)the design of equipment to be fitted to, or carried by, vehicles;

(d)the use of equipment fitted to, or carried by, vehicles;

(e)the toilet facilities to be provided in vehicles;

(f)the location and floor area of the wheelchair accommodation to be provided in vehicles;

(g)assistance to be given to disabled persons.

(3)If a regulated rail vehicle which does not conform with any provision of the rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform is used for carriage, the operator of the vehicle is guilty of an offence.

(4)A person who is guilty of such an offence is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(5)Different provision may be made in rail vehicle accessibility regulations—

(a)as respects different classes or descriptions of rail vehicle;

(b)as respects the same class or description of rail vehicle in different circumstances;

(c)as respects different networks.

(6)In this section—

  • network” means any permanent way or other means of guiding or supporting rail vehicles or any section of it;

  • operator”, in relation to any rail vehicle, means the person having the management of that vehicle;

  • rail vehicle” means a vehicle—

    (a)

    constructed or adapted to carry passengers on any railway, tramway or prescribed system; and

    (b)

    first brought into use, or belonging to a class of vehicle first brought into use, after 31st December 1998;

  • regulated rail vehicle” means any rail vehicle to which the rail vehicle accessibility regulations are expressed to apply; and

  • wheelchair accommodation” has such meaning as may be prescribed.

(7)In subsection (6)—

  • prescribed system” means a system using a prescribed mode of guided transport “guided transport” having the same meaning as in the M9Transport and Works Act 1992); and

  • railway” and “tramway” have the same meaning as in that Act.

(8)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision as to the time when a rail vehicle, or a class of rail vehicle, is to be treated, for the purposes of this section, as first brought into use.

(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may include provision for disregarding periods of testing and other prescribed periods of use.

(10)For the purposes of this section and section 47, a person uses a vehicle for carriage if he uses it for the carriage of members of the public for hire or reward at separate fares.

(11)Before making any regulations under subsection (1) or section 47 the Secretary of State shall consult the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee and such other representative organisations as he thinks fit.

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Extent Information

E16In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 46: transfer of certain functions (N.I.) (1.12.1999) by S.R. 1999/481, art. 6(d), Sch. 4 Pt. IV

Marginal Citations

47 Exemption from rail vehicle accessibility regulations.E+W+S

[F24(1)The Secretary of State may by order (an “exemption order”)—

(a)authorise the use for carriage of a regulated rail vehicle even though the vehicle does not conform with the provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform;

(b)authorise a regulated rail vehicle to be used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which use of the vehicle is required to conform.

(1A)Authority under subsection (1)(a) or (b) may be for—

(a)any regulated rail vehicle that is specified or is of a specified description; or

(b)use in specified circumstances of—

(i)any regulated rail vehicle, or

(ii)any regulated rail vehicle that is specified or is of a specified description.]

(2)Regulations may make provision with respect to exemption orders including, in particular, provision as to—

(a)the persons by whom applications for exemption orders may be made;

(b)the form in which such applications are to be made;

(c)information to be supplied in connection with such applications;

(d)the period for which exemption orders are to continue in force;

(e)the revocation of exemption orders.

(3)After considering any application for an exemption order and consulting the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee and such other persons as he considers appropriate, the Secretary of State may—

(a)make an exemption order in the terms of the application;

(b)make an exemption order in such other terms as he considers appropriate;

(c)refuse to make an exemption order.

(4)An exemption order may be made subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified.

(5)In this section “specified” means specified in an exemption order.

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Extent Information

E17This version of this provision extends to England and Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F24S. 47(1)(1A) substituted (E.W.S.) (5.12.2005) for s. 47(1) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {6(3)}, 20(3)-(6); S.I. 2005/2774, art. 6(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 47: transfer of certain functions (N.I.) (1.12.1999) by S.R. 1999/481, art. 6(d), Sch. 4 Pt. IV

47 Exemption from rail vehicle accessibility regulations.N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order (an “exemption order”) authorise the use for carriage of any regulated rail vehicle of a specified description, or in specified circumstances, even though that vehicle does not conform with the provisions of the rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform.

(2)Regulations may make provision with respect to exemption orders including, in particular, provision as to—

(a)the persons by whom applications for exemption orders may be made;

(b)the form in which such applications are to be made;

(c)information to be supplied in connection with such applications;

(d)the period for which exemption orders are to continue in force;

(e)the revocation of exemption orders.

(3)After considering any application for an exemption order and consulting the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee and such other persons as he considers appropriate, the Secretary of State may—

(a)make an exemption order in the terms of the application;

(b)make an exemption order in such other terms as he considers appropriate;

(c)refuse to make an exemption order.

(4)An exemption order may be made subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified.

(5)In this section “specified” means specified in an exemption order.

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Extent Information

E19This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; in its application to Northern Ireland, this section also has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6). A separate version has been created for England and Wales and Scotland only

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 47: transfer of certain functions (N.I.) (1.12.1999) by S.R. 1999/481, art. 6(d), Sch. 4 Pt. IV

Prospective

[F2547ARail vehicle accessibility compliance certificatesN.I.

(1)A regulated rail vehicle to which this subsection applies shall not be used for carriage unless a rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is in force for the vehicle.

(2)Subsection (1) applies to a regulated rail vehicle if the vehicle—

(a)is prescribed; or

(b)is of a prescribed class or description.

(3)A rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is a certificate that the Department for Regional Development is satisfied that the regulated rail vehicle conforms with those provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform.

(4)A rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate may provide that it is subject to conditions specified in the certificate.

(5)Subsection (6) applies where—

(a)the Department for Regional Development refuses an application for the issue of a rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate for a regulated rail vehicle; and

(b)before the end of the prescribed period, the applicant asks the Department for Regional Development to review the decision and pays any fee fixed under section 47C.

(6)The Department for Regional Development shall—

(a)review the decision; and

(b)in doing so, consider any representations made to it in writing, before the end of the prescribed period, by the applicant.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47BRail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates: supplementaryN.I.

(1)Regulations may make provision with respect to rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates.

(2)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) includes (in particular)—

(a)provision for certificates to be issued on application;

(b)provision specifying conditions to which certificates are subject;

(c)provision as to the period for which certificates are to continue in force or as to circumstances in which certificates are to cease to be in force;

(d)provision (other than provision of a kind mentioned in paragraph (c)) dealing with failure to comply with a condition to which a certificate is subject;

(e)provision for the withdrawal of certificates issued in error;

(f)provision for the correction of errors in certificates;

(g)provision with respect to the issue of copies of certificates in place of certificates which have been lost or destroyed;

(h)provision for the examination of a rail vehicle before a certificate is issued in respect of it.

(3)In making provision of the kind mentioned in subsection (2)(a), regulations under subsection (1) may (in particular)—

(a)make provision as to the persons by whom applications may be made;

(b)make provision as to the form in which applications are to be made;

(c)make provision as to information to be supplied in connection with an application, including (in particular) provision requiring the supply of a report of a compliance assessment.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a compliance assessment is an assessment of a rail vehicle against provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform.

(5)In requiring a report of a compliance assessment to be supplied in connection with an application, regulations under subsection (1) may make provision as to the person who has to have carried out the assessment, and may (in particular) require that the assessment be one carried out by a person who has been appointed by the Department for Regional Development to carry out compliance assessments (an “appointed assessor”).

(6)For the purposes of any provisions in regulations under subsection (1) with respect to the supply of reports of compliance assessments carried out by appointed assessors, regulations under that subsection—

(a)may make provision about appointments of appointed assessors, including (in particular)—

(i)provision for an appointment to be on application or otherwise than on application;

(ii)provision as to who may be appointed;

(iii)provision as to the form of applications for appointment;

(iv)provision as to information to be supplied with applications for appointment;

(v)provision as to terms and conditions, or the period or termination, of an appointment; and

(vi)provision for terms and conditions of an appointment, including any as to its period or termination, to be as agreed by the Department for Regional Development when making the appointment;

(b)may make provision authorising an appointed assessor to charge fees in connection with, or incidental to, its carrying-out of a compliance assessment, including (in particular)—

(i)provision restricting the amount of a fee;

(ii)provision authorising fees that contain a profit element; and

(iii)provision for advance payment of fees;

(c)may make provision requiring an appointed assessor to carry out a compliance assessment, and to do so in accordance with any procedures that may be prescribed, if prescribed conditions, which may include conditions as to the payment of fees to the assessor, are satisfied;

(d)shall make provision for the referral to the Department for Regional Development of disputes between—

(i)an appointed assessor carrying out a compliance assessment, and

(ii)the person who requested the assessment,

relating to which provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations the vehicle is to be assessed against or to what amounts to conformity with any of those provisions.

(7)In subsection (6)(b) to (d) “compliance assessment” includes pre-assessment activities (for example, a consideration of how the outcome of a compliance assessment would be affected by the carrying-out of particular proposed work).

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47CRail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates: feesN.I.

(1)Such fees, payable at such times, as may be prescribed may be charged by the Department for Regional Development in respect of—

(a)applications for, and the issue of, rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates;

(b)copies of such certificates;

(c)reviews under section 47A;

(d)referrals of disputes under provision that, in accordance with section 47B(6)(d), is contained in regulations under section 47B(1).

(2)Any such fees received by the Department for Regional Development shall be paid by it into the Consolidated Fund.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision for the repayment of fees, in whole or in part, in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(4)Before making any regulations under subsection (1) the Department for Regional Development shall consult such representative organisations as it thinks fit.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

[F2647DPenalty for using rail vehicle without accessibility compliance certificateN.I.

If a regulated rail vehicle to which section 47A(1) applies is used for carriage at a time when no rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is in force for the vehicle, the Department for Regional Development may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47EPenalty for using rail vehicle that does not conform with accessibility regulationsN.I.

(1)Where it appears to the Department for Regional Development that a regulated rail vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform, that Department may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform with the provision; and

(b)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Department for Regional Development has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to the Department for Regional Development that the vehicle still does not conform with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Department for Regional Development may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform to the provision; and

(b)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Department for Regional Development has given a notice under subsection (4) to the operator of a regulated rail vehicle, and

(b)the vehicle is used for carriage at a time after the final deadline when the vehicle does not conform with the provision identified in the notice,

the Department for Regional Development may require the operator to pay a penalty.

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47FPenalty for using rail vehicle otherwise than in conformity with accessibility regulationsN.I.

(1)Where it appears to the Department for Regional Development that a regulated rail vehicle has been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which use of the vehicle is required to conform, that Department may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles operated by the operator is or are covered by the notice; and

(c)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Department for Regional Development has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to that Department that a vehicle covered by the notice has after that deadline been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Department for Regional Development may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles covered by the notice under subsection (1) is or are covered by the further notice; and

(c)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Department for Regional Development has given a notice under subsection (4), and

(b)a vehicle covered by the notice is at a time after the final deadline used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice,

that Department may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (1), a vehicle is operated by a person if that person is the operator of the vehicle.

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47GSections 47E and 47F: inspection of rail vehiclesN.I.

(1)Where the Department for Regional Development has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a regulated rail vehicle may not conform with provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform, a person authorised by that Department—

(a)may inspect the vehicle for conformity with the provisions;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person's control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(2)Where the Department for Regional Development has given a notice under section 47E(1) or (4), a person authorised by that Department—

(a)may inspect the vehicle concerned for conformity with the provision specified in the notice;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person's control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(3)A person exercising power under subsection (1) or (2) shall, if required to do so, produce evidence of his authority to exercise the power.

(4)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (1), the Department for Regional Development may, for purposes of section 47E(1) or 47F(1), draw such inferences from the obstruction as appear proper.

(5)Where a person—

(a)obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2), and

(b)the obstruction occurs before a notice under section 47E(4) is given in respect of the vehicle concerned,

the Department for Regional Development may treat section 47E(3)(c) as satisfied in the case concerned.

(6)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2) and the obstruction occurs—

(a)after a notice under section 47E(4) has been given in respect of the vehicle concerned, and

(b)as a result of the operator, or a person who acts on his behalf, behaving in a particular way with the intention of obstructing the exercise of the power,

the Department for Regional Development may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)In this section “inspect” includes test.

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47HSections 47E and 47F: supplementary powersN.I.

(1)For the purposes of section 47E, the Department for Regional Development may give notice to a person requiring the person to supply the Department for Regional Development, by a time specified in the notice, with a vehicle number or other identifier for a rail vehicle—

(a)of which that person is the operator; and

(b)which is described in the notice.

(2)The time specified in a notice given to a person under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of 14 days beginning with the day when the notice is given to the person.

(3)If a person to whom a notice is given under subsection (1) does not comply with the notice by the time specified in the notice, the Department for Regional Development may require the person to pay a penalty.

(4)Where the Department for Regional Development has given a notice to a person under section 47E(1) or (4) or 47F(1) or (4), that Department may request that person to supply that Department, by a time specified in the request, with a statement detailing the steps taken in response to the notice.

(5)The time specified in a request under subsection (4) must—

(a)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), be no earlier than the improvement deadline; and

(b)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(4) or 47F(4), be no earlier than the final deadline.

(6)Where a request under subsection (4)—

(a)relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), and

(b)is not complied with by the time specified in the request,

the Department for Regional Development may treat section 47E(3)(c) or (as the case may be) section 47F(3)(c) as being satisfied in the case concerned.

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47JPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: amount, due date and recoveryN.I.

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)The amount of a penalty—

(a)must not exceed the maximum prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; and

(b)must not exceed 10 per cent of the turnover of the person on whom it is imposed.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b), a person's turnover shall be determined in accordance with regulations.

(4)A penalty must be paid to the Department for Regional Development before the end of the prescribed period.

(5)Any sum payable to the Department for Regional Development as a penalty may be recovered by that Department as a debt due to it.

(6)In proceedings under subsection (5) for enforcement of a penalty, no question may be raised as to—

(a)liability to the imposition of the penalty; or

(b)its amount.

(7)Any sum paid to the Department for Regional Development as a penalty shall be paid by it into the Consolidated Fund.

(8)The Department for Regional Development shall issue a code of practice specifying matters to be considered in determining the amount of a penalty.

(9)The Department for Regional Development may from time to time revise the whole or any part of the code and issue the code as revised.

(10)Before issuing the first or a revised version of the code, the Department for Regional Development shall lay a draft of that version before the Assembly.

(11)After laying the draft of a version of the code before the Assembly, the Department for Regional Development may bring that version of the code into operation by order.

(12)The Department for Regional Development shall have regard to the code (in addition to any other matters it thinks relevant)—

(a)when imposing a penalty; and

(b)when considering under section 47K(6) a notice of objection under section 47K(4).

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47KPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: procedureN.I.

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)If the Department for Regional Development decides that a person is liable to a penalty, that Department must notify the person of the decision.

(3)A notification under subsection (2) must—

(a)state that Department's reasons for deciding that the person is liable to the penalty;

(b)state the amount of the penalty;

(c)specify the date before which, and the manner in which, the penalty must be paid; and

(d)include an explanation of the steps that the person may take if he objects to the penalty.

(4)Where a person to whom a notification under subsection (2) is issued objects on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty, or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high,

the person may give a notice of objection to the Department for Regional Development.

(5)A notice of objection must—

(a)be in writing;

(b)give the objector's reasons; and

(c)be given before the end of the prescribed period.

(6)Where the Department for Regional Development receives a notice of objection to a penalty in accordance with this section, that Department shall consider it and—

(a)cancel the penalty;

(b)reduce the penalty; or

(c)determine to do neither of those things.

(7)Where the Department for Regional Development considers under subsection (6) a notice of objection under subsection (4), it shall—

(a)inform the objector of its decision before the end of the prescribed period or such longer period as it may agree with the objector; and

(b)if it reduces the penalty, notify the objector of the reduced amount.

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47LPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: appealsN.I.

(1)A person may appeal to the county court against a penalty imposed on him under any of sections 47D to 47H on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty; or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high.

(2)On an appeal under this section, the county court may—

(a)allow the appeal and cancel the penalty;

(b)allow the appeal and reduce the penalty; or

(c)dismiss the appeal.

(3)An appeal under this section shall be a re-hearing of the decision of the Department for Regional Development to impose a penalty, and shall be determined having regard to—

(a)any code of practice under section 47J which has effect at the time of the appeal; and

(b)any other matters which the county court thinks relevant (which may include matters of which the Department for Regional Development was unaware).

(4)An appeal may be brought by a person under this section against a penalty whether or not—

(a)he has given notice of objection under section 47K(4); or

(b)the penalty has been reduced under section 47K(6).

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

47MSections 46 to 47H: interpretationN.I.

(1)In sections 46 to 47H “operator”, in relation to any rail vehicle, means the person having the management of that vehicle.

(2)For the purposes of those sections, a person uses a vehicle for carriage if he uses it for the carriage of passengers.

(3)Where an exemption order under section 47 authorises use of a rail vehicle even though the vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations, references in sections 47A to 47G to provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform do not, in the vehicle's case, include that provision.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

[F2747ARail vehicle accessibility compliance certificatesE+W+S

(1)A regulated rail vehicle to which this subsection applies shall not be used for carriage unless a rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is in force for the vehicle.

(2)Subsection (1) applies to a regulated rail vehicle if the vehicle—

(a)is prescribed; or

(b)is of a prescribed class or description.

(3)A rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is a certificate that the Secretary of State is satisfied that the regulated rail vehicle conforms with those provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform.

(4)A rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate may provide that it is subject to conditions specified in the certificate.

(5)Subsection (6) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State refuses an application for the issue of a rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate for a regulated rail vehicle; and

(b)before the end of the prescribed period, the applicant asks the Secretary of State to review the decision and pays any fee fixed under section 47C.

(6)The Secretary of State shall—

(a)review the decision; and

(b)in doing so, consider any representations made to him in writing, before the end of the prescribed period, by the applicant.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F27Ss. 47A-47C inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {7(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47BRail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates: supplementaryE+W+S

(1)Regulations may make provision with respect to rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates.

(2)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) includes (in particular)—

(a)provision for certificates to be issued on application;

(b)provision specifying conditions to which certificates are subject;

(c)provision as to the period for which certificates are to continue in force or as to circumstances in which certificates are to cease to be in force;

(d)provision (other than provision of a kind mentioned in paragraph (c)) dealing with failure to comply with a condition to which a certificate is subject;

(e)provision for the withdrawal of certificates issued in error;

(f)provision for the correction of errors in certificates;

(g)provision with respect to the issue of copies of certificates in place of certificates which have been lost or destroyed;

(h)provision for the examination of a rail vehicle before a certificate is issued in respect of it.

(3)In making provision of the kind mentioned in subsection (2)(a), regulations under subsection (1) may (in particular)—

(a)make provision as to the persons by whom applications may be made;

(b)make provision as to the form in which applications are to be made;

(c)make provision as to information to be supplied in connection with an application, including (in particular) provision requiring the supply of a report of a compliance assessment.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a “compliance assessment” is an assessment of a rail vehicle against provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform.

(5)In requiring a report of a compliance assessment to be supplied in connection with an application, regulations under subsection (1) may make provision as to the person who has to have carried out the assessment, and may (in particular) require that the assessment be one carried out by a person who has been appointed by the Secretary of State to carry out compliance assessments (an “appointed assessor”).

(6)For the purposes of any provisions in regulations under subsection (1) with respect to the supply of reports of compliance assessments carried out by appointed assessors, regulations under that subsection—

(a)may make provision about appointments of appointed assessors, including (in particular)—

(i)provision for an appointment to be on application or otherwise than on application;

(ii)provision as to who may be appointed;

(iii)provision as to the form of applications for appointment;

(iv)provision as to information to be supplied with applications for appointment;

(v)provision as to terms and conditions, or the period or termination, of an appointment; and

(vi)provision for terms and conditions of an appointment, including any as to its period or termination, to be as agreed by the Secretary of State when making the appointment;

(b)may make provision authorising an appointed assessor to charge fees in connection with, or incidental to, its carrying-out of a compliance assessment, including (in particular)—

(i)provision restricting the amount of a fee;

(ii)provision authorising fees that contain a profit element; and

(iii)provision for advance payment of fees;

(c)may make provision requiring an appointed assessor to carry out a compliance assessment, and to do so in accordance with any procedures that may be prescribed, if prescribed conditions, which may include conditions as to the payment of fees to the assessor, are satisfied;

(d)shall make provision for the referral to the Secretary of State of disputes between—

(i)an appointed assessor carrying out a compliance assessment, and

(ii)the person who requested the assessment,

relating to which provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations the vehicle is to be assessed against or to what amounts to conformity with any of those provisions.

(7)In subsection (6)(b) to (d) “compliance assessment” includes pre-assessment activities (for example, a consideration of how the outcome of a compliance assessment would be affected by the carrying-out of particular proposed work).

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Amendments (Textual)

F27Ss. 47A-47C inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {7(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47CRail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates: feesE+W+S

(1)Such fees, payable at such times, as may be prescribed may be charged by the Secretary of State in respect of—

(a)applications for, and the issue of, rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates;

(b)copies of such certificates;

(c)reviews under section 47A;

(d)referrals of disputes under provision that, in accordance with section 47B(6)(d), is contained in regulations under section 47B(1).

(2)Any such fees received by the Secretary of State shall be paid by him into the Consolidated Fund.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision for the repayment of fees, in whole or in part, in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(4)Before making any regulations under subsection (1) the Secretary of State shall consult such representative organisations as he thinks fit.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F27Ss. 47A-47C inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {7(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

[F2847DPenalty for using rail vehicle without accessibility compliance certificateE+W+S

If a regulated rail vehicle to which section 47A(1) applies is used for carriage at a time when no rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificate is in force for the vehicle, the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47EPenalty for using rail vehicle that does not conform with accessibility regulationsE+W+S

(1)Where it appears to the Secretary of State that a regulated rail vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform, the Secretary of State may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform with the provision; and

(b)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to the Secretary of State that the vehicle still does not conform with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Secretary of State may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the vehicle, the provision and how the vehicle fails to conform to the provision; and

(b)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (4) to the operator of a regulated rail vehicle, and

(b)the vehicle is used for carriage at a time after the final deadline when the vehicle does not conform with the provision identified in the notice,

the Secretary of State may require the operator to pay a penalty.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47FPenalty for using rail vehicle otherwise than in conformity with accessibility regulationsE+W+S

(1)Where it appears to the Secretary of State that a regulated rail vehicle has been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which use of the vehicle is required to conform, the Secretary of State may give to the operator of the vehicle a notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles operated by the operator is or are covered by the notice; and

(c)specifying the improvement deadline.

(2)The improvement deadline specified in a notice under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (1);

(b)the improvement deadline specified in the notice has passed; and

(c)it appears to the Secretary of State that a vehicle covered by the notice has after that deadline been used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice.

(4)The Secretary of State may give to the operator a further notice—

(a)identifying the provision and how it was breached;

(b)identifying which of the regulated rail vehicles covered by the notice under subsection (1) is or are covered by the further notice; and

(c)specifying the final deadline.

(5)The final deadline specified in a notice under subsection (4) may not be earlier than the end of the prescribed period beginning with the day when the notice is given to the operator.

(6)If—

(a)the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (4), and

(b)a vehicle covered by the notice is at a time after the final deadline used for carriage otherwise than in conformity with the provision identified in the notice,

the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (1), a vehicle is operated by a person if that person is the operator of the vehicle.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47GSections 47E and 47F: inspection of rail vehiclesE+W+S

(1)Where the Secretary of State has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a regulated rail vehicle may not conform with provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which it is required to conform, a person authorised by the Secretary of State—

(a)may inspect the vehicle for conformity with the provisions;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person’s control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(2)Where the Secretary of State has given a notice under section 47E(1) or (4), a person authorised by the Secretary of State—

(a)may inspect the vehicle concerned for conformity with the provision specified in the notice;

(b)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a)—

(i)may enter premises if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting the vehicle to be at those premises, and

(ii)may enter the vehicle; and

(c)for the purpose of exercising his power under paragraph (a) or (b), may require any person to afford such facilities and assistance with respect to matters under that person’s control as are necessary to enable the power to be exercised.

(3)A person exercising power under subsection (1) or (2) shall, if required to do so, produce evidence of his authority to exercise the power.

(4)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (1), the Secretary of State may, for purposes of section 47E(1) or 47F(1), draw such inferences from the obstruction as appear proper.

(5)Where—

(a)a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2), and

(b)the obstruction occurs before a notice under section 47E(4) is given in respect of the vehicle concerned,

the Secretary of State may treat section 47E(3)(c) as satisfied in the case concerned.

(6)Where a person obstructs the exercise of power under subsection (2) and the obstruction occurs—

(a)after a notice under section 47E(4) has been given in respect of the vehicle concerned, and

(b)as a result of the operator, or a person who acts on his behalf, behaving in a particular way with the intention of obstructing the exercise of the power,

the Secretary of State may require the operator of the vehicle to pay a penalty.

(7)In this section “inspect” includes test.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47HSections 47E and 47F: supplementary powersE+W+S

(1)For the purposes of section 47E, the Secretary of State may give notice to a person requiring the person to supply the Secretary of State, by a time specified in the notice, with a vehicle number or other identifier for a rail vehicle—

(a)of which that person is the operator; and

(b)which is described in the notice.

(2)The time specified in a notice given to a person under subsection (1) may not be earlier than the end of 14 days beginning with the day when the notice is given to the person.

(3)If a person to whom a notice is given under subsection (1) does not comply with the notice by the time specified in the notice, the Secretary of State may require the person to pay a penalty.

(4)Where the Secretary of State has given a notice to a person under section 47E(1) or (4) or 47F(1) or (4), the Secretary of State may request that person to supply the Secretary of State, by a time specified in the request, with a statement detailing the steps taken in response to the notice.

(5)The time specified in a request under subsection (4) must—

(a)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), be no earlier than the improvement deadline; and

(b)if the request relates to a notice under section 47E(4) or 47F(4), be no earlier than the final deadline.

(6)Where a request under subsection (4)—

(a)relates to a notice under section 47E(1) or 47F(1), and

(b)is not complied with by the time specified in the request,

the Secretary of State may treat section 47E(3)(c) or (as the case may be) section 47F(3)(c) as being satisfied in the case concerned.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47JPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: amount, due date and recoveryE+W+S

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)The amount of a penalty—

(a)must not exceed the maximum prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; and

(b)must not exceed 10 per cent of the turnover of the person on whom it is imposed.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b), a person’s turnover shall be determined in accordance with regulations.

(4)A penalty must be paid to the Secretary of State before the end of the prescribed period.

(5)Any sum payable to the Secretary of State as a penalty may be recovered by the Secretary of State as a debt due to him.

(6)In proceedings under subsection (5) for enforcement of a penalty, no question may be raised as to—

(a)liability to the imposition of the penalty; or

(b)its amount.

(7)Any sum paid to the Secretary of State as a penalty shall be paid by him into the Consolidated Fund.

(8)The Secretary of State shall issue a code of practice specifying matters to be considered in determining the amount of a penalty.

(9)The Secretary of State may from time to time revise the whole or any part of the code and issue the code as revised.

(10)Before issuing the first or a revised version of the code, the Secretary of State shall lay a draft of that version before Parliament.

(11)After laying the draft of a version of the code before Parliament, the Secretary of State may bring that version of the code into operation by order.

(12)The Secretary of State shall have regard to the code (in addition to any other matters he thinks relevant)—

(a)when imposing a penalty; and

(b)when considering under section 47K(6) a notice of objection under section 47K(4).

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47KPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: procedureE+W+S

(1)In this section “penalty” means a penalty under any of sections 47D to 47H.

(2)If the Secretary of State decides that a person is liable to a penalty, the Secretary of State must notify the person of the decision.

(3)A notification under subsection (2) must—

(a)state the Secretary of State’s reasons for deciding that the person is liable to the penalty;

(b)state the amount of the penalty;

(c)specify the date before which, and the manner in which, the penalty must be paid; and

(d)include an explanation of the steps that the person may take if he objects to the penalty.

(4)Where a person to whom a notification under subsection (2) is issued objects on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty, or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high,

the person may give a notice of objection to the Secretary of State.

(5)A notice of objection must—

(a)be in writing;

(b)give the objector’s reasons; and

(c)be given before the end of the prescribed period.

(6)Where the Secretary of State receives a notice of objection to a penalty in accordance with this section, he shall consider it and—

(a)cancel the penalty;

(b)reduce the penalty; or

(c)determine to do neither of those things.

(7)Where the Secretary of State considers under subsection (6) a notice of objection under subsection (4), he shall—

(a)inform the objector of his decision before the end of the prescribed period or such longer period as he may agree with the objector; and

(b)if he reduces the penalty, notify the objector of the reduced amount.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47LPenalties under sections 47D to 47H: appealsE+W+S

(1)A person may appeal to the court against a penalty imposed on him under any of sections 47D to 47H on the ground that—

(a)he is not liable to the imposition of a penalty; or

(b)the amount of the penalty is too high.

(2)On an appeal under this section, the court may—

(a)allow the appeal and cancel the penalty;

(b)allow the appeal and reduce the penalty; or

(c)dismiss the appeal.

(3)An appeal under this section shall be a re-hearing of the Secretary of State’s decision to impose a penalty, and shall be determined having regard to—

(a)any code of practice under section 47J which has effect at the time of the appeal; and

(b)any other matters which the court thinks relevant (which may include matters of which the Secretary of State was unaware).

(4)An appeal may be brought by a person under this section against a penalty whether or not—

(a)he has given notice of objection under section 47K(4); or

(b)the penalty has been reduced under section 47K(6).

(5)A reference in this section to “the court” is a reference—

(a)in England and Wales, to a county court; and

(b)in Scotland, to the sheriff.

(6)The sheriff may transfer proceedings under this section to the Court of Session.

(7)Where the sheriff has made a determination under subsection (2), any party to the proceedings may appeal on a point of law, either to the Sheriff Principal or to the Court of Session, against that determination.

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

Prospective

47MSections 46 to 47H: interpretationE+W+S

(1)In sections 46 to 47H “operator”, in relation to any rail vehicle, means the person having the management of that vehicle.

(2)For the purposes of those sections, a person uses a vehicle for carriage if he uses it for the carriage of passengers.

(3)Where an exemption order under section 47 authorises use of a rail vehicle even though the vehicle does not conform with a provision of rail vehicle accessibility regulations, references in sections 47A to 47G to provisions of rail vehicle accessibility regulations with which the vehicle is required to conform do not, in the vehicle’s case, include that provision.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F28Ss. 47D-47M inserted (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. {8(1)}, 20(3)-(6)

SupplementalE+W+S+N.I.

48 Offences by bodies corporate etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an offence under section 40 or 46 committed by a body corporate is committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body, or a person purporting to act in such a capacity, he as well as the body corporate is guilty of the offence.

(2)In subsection (1) “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(3)Where, in Scotland, an offence under section 40 or 46 committed by a partnership or by an unincorporated association other than a partnership is committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner in the partnership or (as the case may be) a person concerned in the management or control of the association, he, as well as the partnership or association, is guilty of the offence.

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Extent Information

E18In its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6)

Commencement Information

I11S. 48 fully in force at 21.1.2003; s. 48 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3)(6), Sch. 8 para. 48(1); s. 48 in force for certain purposes (E.W.S.) at 13.5.1998 by S.I. 1998/1282, art. 2; s. 48 in force for certain purposes (N.I.) at 13.5.1998 by S.R. 1998/183, art. 2; s. 48 in force (E.W.S.) at 30.8.2000 to the extent not previously in force by S.I. 2000/1969, art. 2; s. 48 in force (N.I.) at 21.1.2003 to the extent not previously in force by S.R. 2003/24, art. 2

49 Forgery and false statements.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “relevant document” means—

(a)a certificate of exemption issued under section [F29section 36, 37 or 37A];

(b)a notice of a kind mentioned in [F30section 36(9)(b), 37(8)(b) or 37A(8)(b)];

(c)an accessibility certificate; or

(d)an approval certificate.

(2)A person is guilty of an offence if, with intent to deceive, he—

(a)forges, alters or uses a relevant document;

(b)lends a relevant document to any other person;

(c)allows a relevant document to be used by any other person; or

(d)makes or has in his possession any document which closely resembles a relevant document.

(3)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (2) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine or to both.

(4)A person who knowingly makes a false statement for the purpose of obtaining an accessibility certificate or an approval certificate is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

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Amendments (Textual)

F29Words in s. 49(1)(a) substituted (31.12.2003 for E.W. for certain purposes and otherwise 31.3.2004 for E.W., 1.1.2008 for N.I. for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.2008 for N.I.) by 2002 c. 37, ss. 4(2), 6(2); S.I. 2003/3123, art. 2; S.I. 2007/3477, art. 2

F30Words in s. 49(1)(b) substituted (31.12.2003 for E.W. for certain purposes and otherwise 31.3.2004 for E.W., 1.1.2008 for N.I. for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.2008 for N.I.) by 2002 c. 37, ss. 4(3), 6(2); S.I. 2003/3123, art. 2; S.I. 2007/3477, art. 2

Commencement Information

I12S. 49 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(2)(3); s. 49 in force for E.W.S. for certain purposes at 6.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/1122, art. 2; s. 49 in force for N.I. for certain purposes at 3.6.2008 by S.R. 2008/236, art. 2

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