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Civil Evidence Act 1995

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13 Interpretation.E+W

In this Act—

  • civil proceedings” has the meaning given by section 11 and “court” and “rules of court” shall be construed in accordance with that section;

  • document” means anything in which information of any description is recorded, and “copy”, in relation to a document, means anything onto which information recorded in the document has been copied, by whatever means and whether directly or indirectly;

  • hearsay” shall be construed in accordance with section 1(2);

  • oral evidence” includes evidence which, by reason of a defect of speech or hearing, a person called as a witness gives in writing or by signs;

  • the original statement”, in relation to hearsay evidence, means the underlying statement (if any) by—


    in the case of evidence of fact, a person having personal knowledge of that fact, or


    in the case of evidence of opinion, the person whose opinion it is; and

  • statement” means any representation of fact or opinion, however made.

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