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Part IVE+W SEWERAGE SERVICES

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Part IV: power to apply conferred (01.12.1991) by Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57, SIF 130), ss. 78(2)(b), 225(2).

C2Part IV: Part IV saved (01.12.1991) by Statutory Water Companies Act 1991 (c. 58, SIF 130), ss. 1(4), 17(2).

chapter IE+W GENERAL FUNCTIONS OF SEWERAGE UNDERTAKERS

Principal duties and standards of performanceE+W

94 General duty to provide sewerage system.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of every sewerage undertaker—

(a)to provide, improve and extend such a system of public sewers (whether inside its area or elsewhere) and so to cleanse and maintain those sewers [F1and any lateral drains which belong to or vest in the undertaker] as to ensure that that area is and continues to be effectually drained; and

(b)to make provision for the emptying of those sewers and such further provision (whether inside its area or elsewhere) as is necessary from time to time for effectually dealing, by means of sewage disposal works or otherwise, with the contents of those sewers.

(2)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker in performing its duty under subsection (1) above to have regard—

(a)to its existing and likely future obligations to allow for the discharge of trade effluent into its public sewers; and

(b)to the need to provide for the disposal of trade effluent which is so discharged.

(3)The duty of a sewerage undertaker under subsection (1) above shall be enforceable under section 18 above—

(a)by the Secretary of State; or

(b)with the consent of or in accordance with a general authorisation given by the Secretary of State, by the Director.

(4)The obligations imposed on a sewerage undertaker by the following Chapters of this Part, and the remedies available in respect of contraventions of those obligations, shall be in addition to any duty imposed or remedy available by virtue of any provision of this section or section 95 below and shall not be in any way qualified by any such provision.

(5)In this section “trade effluent” has the same meaning as in Chapter III of this Part.

Textual Amendments

95 Standards of performance in connection with provision of sewerage services.E+W

(1)For the purpose-

(a)of facilitating the determination of the extent to which breaches of the obligations imposed by virtue of the following provisions of this Part are to amount to breaches of the duty imposed by section 94 above; or

(b)of supplementing that duty by establishing overall standards of performance in relation to the provision of sewerage services by any sewerage undertaker,

the Secretary of State may, in accordance with section 96 below, by regulations provide for contraventions of such requirements as may be prescribed to be treated for the purposes of this Act as breaches of that duty.

(2)The Secretary of State may, in accordance with section 96 below, by regulations prescribe such standards of performance in connection with the provision of sewerage services as, in his opinion, ought to be achieved in individual cases.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) above may provide that, if a sewerage undertaker fails to meet a prescribed standard, it shall pay such amount as may be prescribed to any person who is affected by the failure and is of a prescribed description.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of the power conferred by subsection (2) above, regulations under that subsection may—

(a)include in a standard of performance a requirement for a sewerage undertaker, in prescribed circumstances, to inform a person of his rights by virtue of any such regulations;

(b)provide for any dispute under the regulations to be referred by either party to the dispute to the Director;

(c)make provision for the procedure to be followed in connection with any such reference and for the Director’s determination on such a reference to be enforceable in such manner as may be prescribed;

(d)prescribe circumstances in which a sewerage undertaker is to be exempted from requirements of the regulations.

[F2(5)Where the Director determines any dispute in accordance with regulations under this section he shall, in such manner as may be specified in the regulations, give his reasons for reaching his decision with respect to the dispute.]

Textual Amendments

F2S. 95(5) added (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 56(6), Sch. 1 para.24; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I

[95AF3Information with respect to levels of performance.E+W

(1)The Director shall from time to time collect information with respect to—

(a)the compensation paid by sewerage undertakers under regulations under section 95(2) above; and

(b)the levels of overall performance achieved by sewerage undertakers in connection with the provision of sewerage services.

(2)At such times as the Director may direct, each sewerage undertaker shall give the following information to the Director—

(a)as respects each standard prescribed by regulations under section 95(2) above, the number of cases in which compensation was paid and the aggregate amount or value of that compensation; and

(b)as respects each standard established by regulations under section 95(1)(b) above, such information with respect to the level of performance achieved by the undertaker as may be so specified.

(3)A sewerage undertaker who without reasonable excuse fails to do anything required of him by subsection (2) above shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(4)The Director shall, at least once in every year, arrange for the publication, in such form and in such manner as he considers appropriate, of such of the information collected by or given to him under this section as it may appear to him expedient to give to customers or potential customers of sewerage undertakers.

(5)In arranging for the publication of any such information the Director shall have regard to the need for excluding, so far as practicable—

(a)any matter which relates to the affairs of an individual, where publication of that matter would or might, in the opinion of the Director, seriously and prejudicially affect the interests of that individual; and

(b)any matter which relates specifically to the affairs of a particular body of persons, whether corporate or unincorporate, where publication of that matter would or might, in the opinion of the Director, seriously and prejudicially affect the interests of that body.]

Textual Amendments

F3S. 95A inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s.31; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

[F495BPublication of statistical information about complaintsE+W

(1)It shall be the duty of the Council to publish, in such form and manner and with such frequency as it thinks appropriate, such statistical information as it considers appropriate relating to complaints made by consumers about any matter relating to the activities of sewerage undertakers and the handling of such complaints.

(2)In subsection (1) above, “complaints” includes complaints made directly to sewerage undertakers (or anyone carrying on activities on their behalf) and complaints to the Authority, the Council, the Assembly or the Secretary of State.]

Textual Amendments

96 Procedure for regulations under section 95.E+W

[F5(A1)The Secretary of State may make regulations under section 95 above—

(a)on an application by the Authority, in accordance with subsections (1) to (3) below; or

(b)otherwise than on such an application, in accordance with subsections (4) to (8) below.]

(1)[F6Where the Authority has made to the Secretary of State a written application complying with subsection (2) below, the Secretary of State may make regulations under section 95 above if—]

[F7(b) the Secretary of State is satisfied that a copy of the application has been served by the Director—

(i)

on every sewerage undertaker specified in the application; F8. . .

(ii)

on persons or bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to be representative of persons likely to be affected by the regulations;

(iii)

[F9on the Council; and

(iv)

on such other persons or bodies as the Secretary of State may consider appropriate;]]

(c)such period as the Secretary of State considers appropriate has been allowed for the making—

(i)by the Director; and

(ii)by any affected sewerage undertaker [F10or person or body on whom a copy of the application has been served under paragraph [F11(b)] above],

of representations or objections with respect to the Director’s proposals and any modifications proposed by the Secretary of State; and

(d)the Secretary of State has considered [F12the summary mentioned in subsection (2)(bb) below,] the Director’s reasons for his proposals and every representation or objection which has been duly made with respect to those proposals, or any proposed modifications of those proposals, and has not been withdrawn.

[F13(1A)Before making an application to the Secretary of State under this section the Director shall arrange for such research as he considers appropriate with a view to discovering the views of a representative sample of persons likely to be affected and consider the results.]

(2)An application made by the Director to the Secretary of State complies with this subsection if it—

(a)sets out [F14the Authority’s proposals for the making of] regulations under section 95 above;

(b)specifies the sewerage undertaker or undertakers in relation to which it is proposed [F15the regulations] should apply

[F16(bb) is accompanied by a written summary of the results of the research carried out in accordance with subsection (1A) above;]; and

(c)summarises the Director’s reasons for his proposals.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not make any regulations [F17on an application by the Authority under this section] except where—

(a)the only provisions of the regulations are [F18those which in the opinion of the Secretary of State give effect to the proposals set out in the Authority’s application or to those proposals] with such modifications as the Secretary of State considers appropriate; and

(b)each of the modifications (if any) of the Director’s proposals to which effect is given by the regulations is a modification the proposal to make which has been notified—

(i)to the Director; F19. . .

(ii)to any sewerage undertaker appearing to the Secretary of State to be likely to be affected by the modifications[F20 and

(iii)to any person or body on whom a copy of the Authority’s application was served under subsection (1)(b) above.]

[F21(4)Where no such application as is mentioned in subsection (1) above has been made, the Secretary of State may make regulations under section 95 above only if he considers—

(a)that the regulations will contribute towards the attainment of policies relating to public health or the environment; or

(b)(if he does not consider that they will so contribute) that there are exceptional reasons why it is otherwise in the public interest that the regulations should be made.

(5)Before making regulations under section 95 above by virtue of subsection (4) above, the Secretary of State shall—

(a)give notice of his proposals;

(b)consider the results of the research carried out in accordance with subsection (7) below; and

(c)consider every representation or objection with respect to the proposals which has been duly made and not withdrawn.

(6)A notice under subsection (5)(a) above must—

(a)summarise the Secretary of State’s reasons for his proposals;

(b)specify the sewerage undertaker or undertakers in relation to which it is proposed the regulations should apply; and

(c)specify the period within which objections or representations with respect to the proposals may be made.

(7)Before giving notice under subsection (5)(a) above the Secretary of State shall arrange for such research as he considers appropriate with a view to discovering the views of a representative sample of persons likely to be affected.

(8)A notice under subsection (5)(a) above shall be given by serving a copy on—

(a)the Authority;

(b)the Council;

(c)every sewerage undertaker to which the regulations will apply;

(d)persons or bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to be representative of persons likely to be affected by the regulations; and

(e)such other persons or bodies as the Secretary of State may consider appropriate.]

Textual Amendments

F6Words in s. 96(1) substituted (1.4.2005) for "words preceding paragraph (a), and paragraph (a)" by virtue of Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(3)(a), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F7S. 96(1)(b) substituted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 56(6), Sch. 1 para. 25(2); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

F10Words in s. 96(1)(c)(ii) inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 56(6), Sch. 1 para. 25(3); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I

F11Words in s. 96(1)(c)(ii) substituted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(3)(c), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F12Words in s. 96(1)(d) substituted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 30(2); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I

F13S. 96(1A) inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 30(3); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

F14Words in s. 96(2)(a) substituted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(4)(a), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F15Words in s. 96(2)(b) substituted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(4)(b), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F16S. 96(2)(bb) inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 30(4); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

F17Words in s. 96(3) substituted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(5)(a), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F18Words in s. 96(3)(a) substituted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(5)(b), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

F20S. 96(3)(b)(iii) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2005) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 42(5)(c), 105(3); S.I. 2005/968, art. 2(h) (with savings in art. 4, Schs. 1, 2)

[96AF22Information to be given to customers about overall performance.E+W

(1)Each sewerage undertaker shall, in such form and manner and with such frequency as the Director may direct, take steps to inform its customers of—

(a)the standards of overall performance established under section 95(1)(b) above which are applicable to that undertaker; and

(b)that undertaker’s level of performance as respects each of those standards.

(2)In giving any such direction, the Director shall not specify a frequency of less than once in every period of twelve months.

(3)The duty of a sewerage undertaker to comply with this section shall be enforceable by the Director under section 18 above.]

Textual Amendments

F22S. 96A inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s.32; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I

Performance of sewerage undertaker’s functions by local authorities etc.E+W

97 Performance of sewerage undertaker’s functions by local authorities etc.E+W

(1)A relevant authority may, in accordance with any arrangements which it has entered into for the purpose with any sewerage undertaker, carry out sewerage functions on that undertaker’s behalf in relation to such area comprising the whole or any part of that authority’s relevant area, together (where that authority are a local authority or an urban development corporation and the arrangements so provide) with parts of any adjacent relevant areas of other relevant authorities, as may be specified in the arrangements.

(2)Arrangements entered into for the purposes of this section may contain any such provision as may be agreed between the relevant authority and the sewerage undertaker but shall not affect the availability to any person, other than the relevant authority, of any remedy against the undertaker in respect of the carrying out of the undertaker’s sewerage functions or of any failure to carry them out.

(3)It is hereby declared that, if arrangements entered into for the purposes of this section so provide, a relevant authority shall be entitled to exercise on behalf of a sewerage undertaker any power which by or under any enactment is exercisable by the undertaker for the purposes of, or in connection with, the carrying out of the undertaker’s sewerage functions.

(4)Where arrangements entered into for the purposes of this section provide for a local authority to carry out the sewerage functions of a sewerage undertaker on the undertaker’s behalf, section 101 of the M1Local Government Act 1972 (delegation of functions), so far as it relates to the carrying out of functions by a committee, sub-committee or officer of a local authority, shall have effect in relation to those sewerage functions only in so far as the arrangements do not otherwise provide.

[F23(4A)Where arrangements entered into for the purposes of this section provide for a local authority which are operating executive arrangements to carry out the sewerage functions of a sewerage undertaker on that undertaker’s behalf—

(a)those sewerage functions shall be treated as functions of the authority for the purposes of section 13 of the Local Government Act 2000; and

(b)if or to the extent that those sewerage functions are the responsibility of the executive of that authority—

(i)subsection (4) above shall not apply; and

(ii)sections 14 to 16 of the Local Government Act 2000 and any regulations made under sections 17 to 20 of that Act shall apply in relation to those sewerage functions only in so far as the arrangements do not provide otherwise.]

(5)In this section—

[F24“executive” and “executive arrangements” have the same meaning as in Part II of the Local Government Act 2000;]

  • new town” has the same meaning as in the M2New Towns Act 1981;

  • relevant area”—

(a)

in relation to a local authority, means the area of the authority and the whole of any new town or urban development area any part of which is situated within the area of the authority;

(b)

[F25in relation to the English new towns residuary body, means any new town in England;

(ba)

in relation to the Welsh new towns residuary body, means any new town in Wales;]

(c)

in relation to the development corporation for any new town, means that new town; [F26and]

(d)

F27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)

in relation to any urban development corporation for any urban development area, means that area;

  • relevant authority” means any of the following, that is to say—

(a)

a local authority;

(b)

the [F28new towns residuary body], [F29or a development corporation for a new town];

(c)

the urban development corporation for any urban development area;

  • sewerage functions”, in relation to a sewerage undertaker, means any of the functions of the undertaker by virtue of its appointment under Chapter I of Part II of this Act as a sewerage undertaker, other than its functions relating to sewage disposal and its functions by virtue of Chapter III of this Part;

  • urban development area” means any area so designated under Part XVI of the M3Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980.

F30(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F23S. 97(4A) inserted (11.7.2001 for E. and 1.4 2002 for W.) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 2, 27;S.I 2002/808, {art. 26(a)}

F24S. 97(5): definitions of "executive and executive arrangements" inserted (11.7.2001 for E. and 1. 4. 2002 for W. ) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 2, 27: S.I. 2002/808, art. 26(b)

F25S. 97(5): paras. (b)(ba) in definition of "relevant area" substituted (1.12.2008) for para. (b) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 56, 325, Sch. 8 para. 57(a); S.I. 2008/3068, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings and transitional provisions in arts. 6-13)

F26S. 97(5): word in para. (c) in definition of “relevant area” inserted (1.10.1998) by 1998 c. 38, s. 129(2), Sch. 15 para. 17(a) (with ss. 137(1), 139(2), 143(2)); S.I. 1998/2244, art. 4

F27S. 97(5): para. (d) in definition of “relevant area” repealed (1.10.1998) by 1998 c. 38, s. 152, Sch. 18 Pt. IV (with ss. 137(1), 139(2), 143(2)); S.I. 1998/2244, art. 4

F28S. 97(5): words in definition of "relevant authority" substituted (1.12.2008) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 56, 325, Sch. 8 para. 57(2); S.I. 2008/3068, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings and transitional provisions in arts. 6-13)

F29S. 97(5): words in para. (b) in definition of “relevant authority” substituted (1.10.1998) by 1998 c. 38, s. 129(2), Sch. 15 para. 17(b) (with ss. 137(1), 139(2), 143(2)); S.I. 1998/2244, art. 4

F30S. 97(6) repealed (19.11.1998) by 1998 c. 43, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. X, Group 3

Marginal Citations

chapter IIE+W PROVISION OF SEWERAGE SERVICES

Requisition of public sewerE+W

98 Duty to comply with sewer requisition.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker (in accordance with section 101 below) to provide a public sewer to be used for the drainage for domestic purposes of premises in a particular locality in its area if-

(a)the undertaker is required to provide the sewer by a notice served on the undertaker by one or more of the persons who under subsection (2) below are entitled to require the provision of the sewer for that locality;

(b)the premises in that locality the drainage of which would be by means of that sewer are—

(i)premises on which there are buildings; or

(ii)premises on which there will be buildings when proposals made by any person for the erection of any buildings are carried out;

and

(c)the conditions specified in section 99 below are satisfied in relation to that requirement.

[F31(1A)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker (in accordance with section 101 below) to provide a lateral drain to communicate with a public sewer and to be used for the drainage for domestic purposes of premises in its area if—

(a)the undertaker is required to provide the lateral drain by a notice served on the undertaker by one or more of the persons who under subsection (2A) below are entitled to require the provision of the lateral drain;

(b)the premises the drainage of which would be by means of that lateral drain are—

(i)premises on which there are buildings; or

(ii)premises on which there will be buildings when proposals made by any person for the erection of any buildings are carried out; and

(c)the conditions specified in section 99 below are satisfied in relation to that requirement.]

(2)Each of the following persons shall be entitled to require the provision of a public sewer for any locality, that is to say—

(a)the owner of any premises in that locality;

(b)the occupier of any premises in that locality;

(c)any local authority within whose area the whole or any part of that locality is situated;

(d)where the whole or any part of that locality is situated in a new town, within the meaning of the M4New Towns Act 1981—

(i)the [F32new towns residuary body]; and

(ii)F33. . . the development corporation for the new town F33. . .;

and

(e)where the whole or any part of that locality is situated within an area designated as an urban development area under Part XVI of the M5Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980, the urban development corporation.

[F34(2A)Each of the following persons shall be entitled to require the provision of a lateral drain, that is to say—

(a)the owner of the premises the drainage of which would be by means of that lateral drain;

(b)the occupier of those premises;

(c)any local authority within whose area those premises are situated;

(d)where those premises are situated in a new town, within the meaning of the New Towns Act 1981—

(i)the [F35new towns residuary body]; and

(ii)the development corporation for the new town; and

(e)where those premises are situated within an area designated as an urban development area under Part 16 of the Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980, the urban development corporation.]

(3)The duty of a sewerage undertaker under this section to provide a public sewer [F36or, as the case may be, a lateral drain] shall be owed to the person who requires the provision of the sewer [F37or lateral drain] or , as the case may be, to each of the persons who joins in doing so.

(4)Where a duty is owed by virtue of subsection (3) above to any person, any breach of that duty which causes that person to sustain loss or damage shall be actionable at the suit of that person; but, in any proceedings brought against a [F38sewerage] undertaker in pursuance of this subsection, it shall be a defence for the undertaker to show that it took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid the breach.

(5)In this section the reference to domestic purposes, in relation to the drainage of premises F39. . . to which a requirement under this section relates, is a reference—

(a)where there are buildings on [F40those premises] , to such domestic sewerage purposes as are specified in relation to those buildings in the requirement; and

(b)where any person is proposing to erect buildings on [F41those premises] , to such domestic sewerage purposes as are so specified in relation to the buildings and to times after the erection of the buildings.

Textual Amendments

F32Words in s. 98(2)(d)(i) substituted (1.12.2008) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 56, 325, Sch. 8 para. 58(a); S.I. 2008/3068, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings and transitional provisions in arts. 6-13)

F35Words in s. 98(2A)(d)(i) substituted (1.12.2008) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 56, 325, Sch. 8 para. 58(b); S.I. 2008/3068, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings and transitional provisions in arts. 6-13)

F38Word in s. 98(4) substituted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 56(6), Sch. 1 para. 26; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

Marginal Citations

99 Financial conditions of compliance.E+W

(1)The conditions mentioned in section 98(1)(c) [F42or 98(1A)(c)] above are satisfied in relation to a requirement for the provision of a public sewer [F43or (as the case may be) lateral drain] by a sewerage undertaker if—

(a)such undertakings as the undertaker may have reasonably required in accordance with subsection (2) [F44or, as the case may be, subsection (2A)] below have been given by the person or persons who have required the provision of the sewer [F43or (as the case may be) lateral drain] ; and

(b)such security as the undertaker may have reasonably required has been provided for the discharge of any obligations imposed by those undertakings on any person who, under subsection (3) below, may be required to secure his undertakings.

(2)The undertakings which a sewerage undertaker may require for the purposes of subsection (1) above in respect of any public sewer are undertakings which—

[F45(a)bind the person or persons mentioned in that subsection to pay to the undertaker either (at the election of such person or persons)—

(i)in respect of each of the twelve years following the provision of the sewer, an amount not exceeding the relevant deficit (if any) for that year on that sewer; or

(ii)following provision of the sewer, a single amount not exceeding the discounted aggregate deficit on that sewer; and]

(b)in the case of undertakings binding two or more persons, bind them either jointly and severally or with liability to pay apportioned in such manner as they may agree.

[F46(2A)The undertakings which a sewerage undertaker may require for the purposes of subsection (1) above in respect of any lateral drain are undertakings which—

(a)bind the person or persons mentioned in that subsection to pay to the undertaker, following provision of the lateral drain, on such terms as may be specified in the undertaking, an amount not exceeding the costs reasonably incurred in or in connection with the provision of the lateral drain; and

(b)in the case of undertakings binding two or more persons, bind them either jointly and severally or with liability apportioned in such manner as they may agree.]

[F47(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above a person may be required to secure his undertakings in relation to the provision of a public sewer or, as the case may be, a lateral drain if—

(a)it was by virtue of section 98(2)(a) or (b) or (as the case may be) section 98(2A)(a) or (b) above that he required, or joined in requiring, the provision of the sewer or drain; and

(b)he is not a public authority.]

(4)Where for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above any sums have been deposited with a sewerage undertaker by way of security for the discharge of any obligation, the undertaker shall pay interest at such rate as may be determined either—

(a)by the undertaker with the approval of the Director; or

(b)in default of a determination under paragraph (a) above, by the Director,

on every sum of 50p so deposited for every three months during which it remains in the hands of the undertaker.

(5)An approval or determination given or made by the Director for the purposes of subsection (4) above—

[F48(a)may be given or made in relation to the provision of a particular public sewer or (as the case may be) lateral drain, in relation to the provision of sewers or lateral drains of a particular description or in relation to the provision of public sewers or lateral drains generally; and]

(b)may be revoked at any time.

(6)Any dispute between a sewerage undertaker and any other person as to—

(a)the undertakings or security required by the undertaker for the purposes of this section; or

(b)the amount required to be paid in pursuance of any such undertaking,

[F49may be referred to the Authority for determination under section 30A above by either party to the dispute.]

[F50(7)In this section “relevant deficit” and “discounted aggregate deficit” have the meanings given by sections 100 and 100A below, respectively.]

100 Calculation of “relevant deficit” for the purposes of section 99.E+W

(1)For the purposes of section 99 above the relevant deficit for any year on a public sewer is the amount (if any) by which the drainage charges payable for the use during that year of that sewer are exceeded by the annual borrowing costs of a loan of the amount required for the provision of that sewer.

(2)The annual borrowing costs of a loan of the amount required for the provision of a public sewer is the aggregate amount which would fall to be paid in any year by way of payments of interest and repayments of capital if an amount equal to so much of the costs reasonably incurred in providing that sewer as were not incurred in the provision of additional capacity had been borrowed, by the sewerage undertaker providing the sewer, on terms—

(a)requiring interest to be paid and capital to be repaid in twelve equal annual instalments; and

(b)providing for the amount of the interest to be calculated at such rate, and in accordance with such other provision, as may have been determined for the purposes of this subsection.

(3)A determination for the purposes of subsection (2) above shall be made either—

(a)by the undertaker with the approval of the Director; or

(b)in default of such a determination, by the Director.

(4)For the purposes of this section the costs reasonably incurred in providing a public sewer (“the new sewer”) shall include—

(a)the costs reasonably incurred in providing such other public sewers and such pumping stations as it is necessary to provide in consequence of the provision of the new sewer; and

(b)such proportion (if any) as is reasonable of the costs reasonably incurred in providing any such additional capacity in an earlier public sewer as falls to be used in consequence of the provision of the new sewer.

(5)In subsection (4) above the reference to an earlier public sewer, in relation to the new sewer, is a reference to any public sewer which—

(a)has been provided in the period of twelve years immediately before the provision of the new sewer; and

(b)was so provided in pursuance of a public sewer requisition.

(6)Any reference in this section to the provision of additional capacity in a public sewer provided in pursuance of a requirement under any enactment is a reference to such works carried out or other things done in connection with the provision of that sewer as are carried out or done for the purpose of enabling that sewer to be used for purposes in addition to those for which it is necessary to provide the sewer in order to comply with the requirement.

(7)Any reference in this section to the drainage charges payable for the use during any year of any sewer provided by a sewerage undertaker is a reference to so much of the aggregate of any charges payable to the sewerage undertaker in respect of services provided in the course of that year as represents charges which—

(a)have been imposed by the undertaker in relation to such of the premises connected with that sewer as are premises where there are buildings; and

(b)are reasonably attributable to the use of that sewer for the drainage for domestic sewerage purposes of those premises or to the disposal of effluent drained for any such purpose from those premises.

(8)An approval or determination given or made by the Director for the purposes of subsection (2) above—

(a)may be given or made in relation to the provision of a particular public sewer, in relation to the provision of sewers of a particular description or in relation to the provision of public sewers generally; and

(b)may be revoked at any time except in relation to a public sewer [F51in respect of which the conditions referred to in section 99(1) above have already been satisfied.]

(9)In this section “public sewer requisition” means—

(a)a requirement under section 98 above (including, by virtue of paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 to the M6Water Consolidation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991, a requirement under section 71 of the M7Water Act 1989);

(b)a requirement under the provisions of section 16 of the M8Water Act 1973 (sewer requisitions); or

(c)a requirement under any local statutory provision corresponding to section 98 above or to any of the provisions of that section 16.

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

[F52100ACalculation of “discounted aggregate deficit” for the purposes of section 99E+W

(1)For the purposes of section 99 above the discounted aggregate deficit on a public sewer is the amount equal to the sum of the estimated relevant deficits for each of the twelve years following the provision of the sewer, in each case discounted in accordance with subsection (6) below.

(2)The estimated relevant deficit for any year is the amount (if any) by which the estimated drainage charges payable for the use during that year of that sewer would be exceeded by the annual borrowing costs of a loan of the amount required for the provision of that sewer.

(3)Subsections (2) to (6), (8) and (9) of section 100 above (which relate to the annual borrowing costs of a loan of the amount required for the provision of a public sewer) shall apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

(4)Any reference in this section to the estimated drainage charges payable for the use during any year of any sewer is a reference to so much of the aggregate of any charges expected to be payable to the sewerage undertaker for the provision of services in the course of that year as would represent charges—

(a)imposed by the undertaker in relation to such of the premises with which the sewer is expected to be connected as are premises where there are buildings; and

(b)reasonably attributable to the use of that sewer for the drainage for domestic sewerage purposes of those premises or to the disposal of effluent drained for any such purposes from those premises.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4) above, a thing is expected to be the case if, at the time the relevant calculation is made, it is reasonably likely to occur.

(6)The estimated relevant deficit for a year mentioned in subsection (1) above shall be discounted in order to determine its net present value by applying such factor, and in accordance with such other provision, as may be determined by the Authority.

(7)A determination made by the Authority for the purposes of subsection (6) above—

(a)may be made in relation to the provision of a particular public sewer or in relation to the provision of public sewers generally; and

(b)may be revoked at any time except in relation to a public sewer in respect of which the conditions referred to in section 99(1) above have already been satisfied.]

Textual Amendments

[F53101 Determination of completion date and route for requisitioned sewer or lateral drain.E+W

(1)A sewerage undertaker shall not be in breach of a duty imposed by section 98 above in relation to any locality or (in the case of a lateral drain) in relation to any premises unless—

(a)the period of six months beginning with the relevant day has expired; and

(b)the sewerage undertaker has not, before the end of that period, so laid (as the case may be)—

(i)the public sewer to be provided as to enable drains and private sewers to be used for the drainage of premises in the locality to communicate with the public sewer; or

(ii)the lateral drain to be provided as to enable the drain to be used for the drainage of premises to communicate with a public sewer vested in that undertaker,

at the place or places determined under subsection (3) below.

(2)The period mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above may be extended—

(a)by agreement between the undertaker and the person or persons who required the provision of the public sewer or, as the case may be, lateral drain; or

(b)where there is a dispute as to whether the period should be extended, by the Authority on a reference under subsection (4) below.

(3)The places mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above shall be—

(a)such place or places as are determined by agreement between the sewerage undertaker and the person or persons who required the provision of the public sewer or, as the case may be, lateral drain; or

(b)in default of agreement, such place or places as are determined by the Authority on a reference under subsection (4) below to be the place or places at which it is reasonable, in all the circumstances—

(i)in relation to the provision of a public sewer, for drains or private sewers to be used for the drainage of premises in the locality in question to communicate with the public sewer; or

(ii)in relation to the provision of a lateral drain—

(a)for the lateral drain to communicate with a public sewer vested in the undertaker; and

(b)for the remainder of the drain of which the lateral drain forms part to connect with the lateral drain.

(4)A reference for the purposes of subsection (2) or (3) above may be made to the Authority for determination under section 30A above by either party to the dispute.

(5)In this section “relevant day”, in relation to a requirement to provide a public sewer for any locality or, as the case may be, a lateral drain, means the day after whichever is the later of the following—

(a)the day on which the conditions specified in section 99 above are satisfied in relation to the requirement; and

(b)the day on which the place or places where (as the case may be)—

(i)drains or private sewers to be used for the drainage of premises in that locality will communicate with the public sewer; or

(ii)the lateral drain will communicate with a public sewer and the remainder of the drain will connect with the lateral drain,

are determined under subsection (3) above.]

Textual Amendments

[F54Provision of public sewers otherwise than by requisitionE+W

Textual Amendments

F54Cross heading and s. 101A inserted (1.2.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 103 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, arts. 2, 3

F55101A Further duty to provide sewers.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to section 98 above, it shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker to provide a public sewer to be used for the drainage for domestic sewerage purposes of premises in a particular locality in its area if the conditions specified in subsection (2) below are satisfied.

(2)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)that the premises in question, or any of those premises, are premises on which there are buildings F56. . . ;

(b)that the drains or sewers used for the drainage for domestic sewerage purposes of the premises in question do not, either directly or through an intermediate drain or sewer, connect with a public sewer; and

(c)that the drainage of any of the premises in question F57. . . is giving, or is likely to give, rise to such adverse effects to the environment or amenity that it is appropriate, having regard to any guidance issued under this section by the Secretary of State and all other relevant considerations, to provide a public sewer for the drainage for domestic sewerage purposes of the premises in question.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2)(c) above, regard shall be had to the following considerations, so far as relevant, in determining whether it is appropriate for any sewer to be provided by virtue of this section—

(a)the geology of the locality in question or of any other locality;

(b)the number of premises, being premises on which there are buildings, which might reasonably be expected to be drained by means of that sewer;

(c)the costs of providing that sewer;

(d)the nature and extent of any adverse effects to the environment or amenity arising, or likely to arise, as a result of the premises or, as the case may be, the locality in question not being drained by means of a public sewer; and

(e)the extent to which it is practicable for those effects to be overcome otherwise than by the provision (whether by virtue of this section or otherwise) of public sewers, and the costs of so overcoming those effects.

(4)Guidance issued by the Secretary of State under this section may—

(a)relate to how regard is to be had to the considerations mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (3) above;

(b)relate to any other matter which the Secretary of State considers may be a relevant consideration in any case and to how regard is to be had to any such matter;

(c)set out considerations, other than those mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (3) above, to which (so far as relevant) regard shall be had in determining whether it is appropriate for any sewer to be provided by virtue of this section;

(d)relate to how regard is to be had to any such consideration as is mentioned in paragraph (c) above;

(e)without prejudice to paragraphs (a) to (d) above, relate to how a sewerage undertaker is to discharge its functions under this section.

(5)Before issuing guidance under this section the Secretary of State shall consult—

(a)the Environment Agency;

(b)the Director; and

(c)such other bodies or persons as he considers appropriate;

and the Secretary of State shall arrange for any guidance issued by him under this section to be published in such manner as he considers appropriate.

(6)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the duty of a sewerage undertaker by virtue of subsection (1) above shall be enforceable under section 18 above—

(a)by the Secretary of State; or

(b)with the consent of or in accordance with a general authorisation given by the Secretary of State, by the Director.

(7)Any dispute between a sewerage undertaker and an owner or occupier of any premises in its area as to—

(a)whether the undertaker is under a duty by virtue of subsection (1) above to provide a public sewer to be used for any such drainage of those premises as is mentioned in that subsection;

(b)the domestic sewerage purposes for which any such sewer should be provided; or

(c)the time by which any such duty of the undertaker should be performed,

shall be determined by the Environment Agency, and may be referred to the Environment Agency for determination by either of the parties to the dispute.

(8)The Environment Agency—

(a)shall notify the parties of the reasons for its decision on any dispute referred to it under subsection (7) above; and

(b)may make any such recommendations, or give any such guidance, relating to or in connection with the drainage of the premises or locality in question as it considers appropriate.

(9)The decision of the Environment Agency on any dispute referred to it under subsection (7) above shall be final.

(10)A sewerage undertaker shall only be taken to be in breach of its duty under subsection (1) above where, and to the extent that, it has accepted, or the Environment Agency has determined under this section, that it is under such a duty and where any time accepted by it, or determined by the Environment Agency under this section, as the time by which the duty is to that extent to be performed has passed.]

Textual Amendments

F55S. 101A inserted (1.2.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 103 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, arts. 2, 3

[F58101B[F58Power to construct lateral drains following provision of public sewer]E+W

(1)Where a sewerage undertaker provides a public sewer pursuant to a duty to do so imposed on it by section 98 or section 101A above, the undertaker may, at the request of the person mentioned in subsection (2) below, also provide at the same time one or more lateral drains to be used for the drainage for domestic purposes of premises in its area and to communicate with that sewer.

(2)A request under subsection (1) above may be made—

(a)in the case of a public sewer to be provided under section 98 above, by the person who requires the provision of the sewer under that section; and

(b)in the case of a public sewer to be provided under section 101A above, by the owner or occupier of any premises in respect of which the duty to provide the sewer arises under that section (but any request may only be for the provision of a lateral drain to his premises).

(3)The person making a request under this section shall pay to the water undertaker, following provision of the lateral drain, the costs reasonably incurred in or in connection with providing that drain.

(4)Any dispute between the sewerage undertaker and the person making a request under this section as to—

(a)whether a lateral drain should be provided pursuant to the request; or

(b)the costs reasonably incurred in the provision of a lateral drain,

may be referred to the Authority for determination under section 30A above by either party to the dispute.

(5)Any lateral drain provided pursuant to a request made to a sewerage undertaker under this section shall belong to the undertaker.]

Textual Amendments

Adoption etc. of sewers and disposal worksE+W

102 Adoption of sewers and disposal works.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section and to sections 103, 105 and 146(3) below, a sewerage undertaker may at any time declare that—

(a)any sewer which is situated within its area or which serves the whole or any part of that area;F59. . .

[F60(aa)any lateral drain which communicates or is to communicate with a public sewer which—

(i)is so situated or serves the whole or any part of that area; and

(ii)is vested in that undertaker; or]

(b)any sewage disposal works which are so situated or which serve the whole or any part of that area,

shall, as from such date as may be specified in the declaration, become vested in the undertaker.

(2)The owner, or any of the owners, of any sewer [F61, lateral drain] or sewage disposal works with respect to which a sewerage undertaker might make a declaration under this section may make an application to that undertaker requesting it to make a declaration under this section with respect to the sewer [F61, lateral drain] or works.

(3)A declaration or application under this section may be made with respect to a part only of a sewer.

(4)A sewerage undertaker which proposes to make a declaration under this section—

(a)shall give notice of its proposal to the owner or owners of the sewer [F62, lateral drain] or works in question; and

(b)shall take no further action in the matter until two months have elapsed without an appeal against the proposal being lodged under section 105 below or, as the case may be, until any appeal so lodged has been determined.

(5)A sewerage undertaker, in deciding whether a declaration should be made under this section, shall have regard to all the circumstances of the case and, in particular, to the following considerations, that is to say—

(a)whether the sewer or works in question is or are adapted to, or required for, any general system of sewerage or sewage disposal which the undertaker has provided, or proposes to provide, for the whole or any part of its area;

(b)whether the sewer [F63or lateral drain] is constructed under a highway or under land reserved by a planning scheme for a street;

(c)the number of buildings which the sewer [F64or lateral drain] is intended to serve, and whether, regard being had to the proximity of other buildings or the prospect of future development, it is likely to be required to serve additional buildings;

(d)the method of construction and state of repair of the sewer [F65, lateral drain] or works; and

(e)in a case where an owner objects, whether the making of the proposed declaration would be seriously detrimental to him.

(6)Any person who immediately before the making of a declaration under this section was entitled to use the sewer [F66or lateral drain] in question shall be entitled to use it, or any sewer [F66or lateral drain] substituted for it, to the same extent as if the declaration had not been made.

(7)No declaration may be made under this section in respect of any sewer or works the construction of which was completed before 1st October 1937.

103 Adoption of cross-border sewers etc.E+W

(1)Where a sewerage undertaker is about to take into consideration the question of making a declaration under section 102 above with respect to—

(a)any sewer which is situated within the area of another sewerage undertaker or which, though situated within its own area, serves the whole or any part of the area of another sewerage undertaker; F67. . .

[F68(aa)any lateral drain which is situated within the area of another sewerage undertaker or which, though situated within its own area, communicates or is to communicate with a public sewer which is situated within or serves the whole or any part of the area of another sewerage undertaker; or]

(b)any sewage disposal works which are situated within the area of another sewerage undertaker or which, though situated within its own area, serve the whole or any part of the area of another sewerage undertaker,

it shall give notice to the other undertaker.

(2)Where a sewerage undertaker is required to give notice under subsection (1) above to another undertaker, no declaration under section 102 above shall be made by the former undertaker until either—

(a)the other undertaker has consented to the declaration; or

(b)the Secretary of State, on an application made to him, has dispensed with the necessity for such consent, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as he may think fit to impose.

[F69(3)Where—

(a)a sewer (or part of a sewer) or a lateral drain is vested, or any sewage disposal works are vested, in a relevant body; and

(b)in the case of a sewer, part of a sewer, lateral drain or works vested in railway undertakers or dock undertakers, the sewer, part or lateral drain in question is, or the works are, situated in or on land belonging to those undertakers and held or used by them for the purposes of their undertaking,

a sewerage undertaker shall not make a declaration under section 102 above with respect to (as the case may be) the sewer, or part of it, or the lateral drain or the works, except on the application of the relevant body concerned.]

(4)Where a sewerage undertaker makes a declaration under section 102 above with respect to—

(a)a sewer [F70or lateral drain] which is situated within the area of another sewerage undertaker; or

(b)any sewage disposal works which are so situated,

it shall forthwith give notice of the fact to that other undertaker.

(5)In this section “relevant body” means any sewerage undertaker, any local authority or county council or any railway undertakers or dock undertakers.

104 Agreements to adopt sewer, drain or sewage disposal works, at future dateE+W

[F71(1)Subject to subsection (7) and section 146(3) below, a sewerage undertaker may agree with—

(a)any person constructing or proposing to construct—

(i)any sewer;

(ii)any drain which is intended to communicate with a public sewer vested in that undertaker; or

(iii)any sewage disposal works; or

(b)any person at whose expense the undertaker is, by virtue of an agreement under section 160 below, to carry out work in connection with the construction of such a drain or sewer,

that, if the sewer, drain or sewage disposal works is or are constructed in accordance with the terms of the agreement, the undertaker will, upon completion of the work, at some specified date or on the happening of some future event, declare the sewer or such part of the drain as constitutes the lateral drain or the works (as the case may be) to be vested in that undertaker.]

(2)A person [F72mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) above] may make an application to a sewerage undertaker requesting the undertaker to make an agreement under this section.

(3)An application under subsection (2) above shall be accompanied and supplemented by all such information as the undertaker may reasonably require; but, subject to subsection (4) below and without prejudice to the effect (if any) of any other contravention of the requirements of this section in relation to such an application, a failure to provide information in pursuance of the obligation to supplement such an application shall not invalidate the application.

(4)Where—

(a)a person who has made an application to a sewerage undertaker under subsection (2) above has failed to comply with his obligation under this section to supplement that application with information required by the undertaker; and

(b)that requirement was made by the undertaker at such a time before the end of the period within which the undertaker is required, by virtue of section 105 below, to respond to the application as gave that person a reasonable opportunity to provide the required information within that period,

the undertaker may delay its response to the application until a reasonable time after the required information is provided.

(5)Any agreement made under this section by a sewerage undertaker shall be enforceable against the undertaker by the owner or occupier for the time being of any premises served by the sewer [F73, lateral drain] or works to which it relates.

(6)F74. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F75(6A)Without limiting the terms which may be included in an agreement under this section, the terms of an agreement which relates to a drain may include in particular—

(a)identification of that part of the drain which constitutes the lateral drain for the purposes of the agreement and, in particular, the point or points of connection between that part and the remainder of the drain;

(b)a requirement for the installation of an inspection chamber, at the expense of the person with whom the sewerage undertaker is to make the agreement, at a place specified in the agreement;

(c)provision, if the inspection chamber is constructed in accordance with the terms of the agreement, for the undertaker to declare that the inspection chamber be vested in the undertaker at the same time as the lateral drain; and

(d)provision for the lateral drain, once vested in the undertaker, to communicate with a public sewer at the place or places specified in the agreement.]

[F76(7)A sewerage undertaker shall not make an agreement under this section with respect to—

(a)a sewer, drain or sewage disposal works situated within the area of another sewerage undertaker; or

(b)a drain which is intended to communicate with a sewer which—

(i)is so situated; or

(ii)is vested in another sewerage undertaker,

until one of the conditions mentioned in subsection (8) below is satisfied.

(8)The conditions are—

(a)that other undertaker has consented to the making of the agreement; or

(b)the Secretary of State, on an application made to him, has dispensed with the necessity for such consent, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as he may think fit to impose.]

Textual Amendments

F71S. 104(1) substituted (28.5.2004) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 96(4)(a), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641,{art. 4(b)} (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

F72Words in s. 104(2) substituted (28.5.2004) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 96(4)(b), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641,{art. 4(b)} (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

F73Words in s. 104(5) inserted (28.5.2004) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 96(4)(c), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641,{art. 4(b)} (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

F75S. 104(6A) inserted (28.5.2004) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 96(4)(e), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641,{art. 4(b)} (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

F76S. 104(7)(8) substituted (28.5.2004) for s. 104(7) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 96(4)(f), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641,{art. 4(b)} (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

105 Appeals with respect to adoption.E+W

(1)An owner of any sewer [F77, lateral drain] or sewage disposal works may appeal to the [F78Director] if—

(a)he is aggrieved by the proposal of a sewerage undertaker to make a declaration under section 102 above; or

(b)he is aggrieved by the refusal of a sewerage undertaker to make such a declaration.

(2)Subject to section 104(4) above, a person constructing or proposing to construct a drain or sewer or any sewage disposal works may appeal to the [F78Director] where a sewerage undertaker—

(a)has refused an application under section 104 above;

(b)has offered to grant such an application on terms to which that person objects; or

(c)has failed, before the end of two months from the making of such an application, either to refuse the application or to give notice to the applicant of the terms on which it is prepared to grant the application.

(3)The time for the making of an appeal under subsection (1) above by the owner of any sewer [F79, lateral drain] or sewage disposal works shall be-

(a)in the case of an appeal by virtue of paragraph (a) of that subsection, any time within two months after notice of the proposal is served on that owner; and

(b)in the case of an appeal by virtue of paragraph (b) of that subsection, any time after receipt of notice of the undertaker’s refusal or, if no such notice is given, at any time after the end of two months from the making of the application for the declaration.

(4)On the hearing of an appeal under this section, the [F78Director] may—

(a)in the case of an appeal under subsection (1) above, allow or disallow the proposal of the sewerage undertaker or, as the case may be, make any declaration which the sewerage undertaker might have made; or

(b)in the case of an appeal under subsection (2) above—

(i)uphold the refusal of the undertaker to grant the application or to modify the terms offered; or

(ii)on behalf of the undertaker, refuse the application or enter into any agreement into which the undertaker might have entered on the application;

and any declaration made under paragraph (a) above shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the undertaker in question.

(5)Where the [F78Director] makes a declaration under subsection (4)(a) above, he may, if he thinks fit—

(a)specify conditions, including conditions as to the payment of compensation by the sewerage undertaker; and

(b)direct that his declaration shall not take effect unless any conditions so specified are accepted.

(6)Where the [F78Director] makes an agreement under subsection (4)(b) above on behalf of a sewerage undertaker, he may do so on such terms as he considers reasonable or, as the case may be, on the terms offered by the undertaker subject to such modifications as he considers appropriate for ensuring that the terms of the agreement are reasonable.

(7)The [F78Director], in deciding, on an appeal under this section, whether any declaration or agreement should be made, shall have regard to all the circumstances of the case and, in particular, to the considerations specified in section 102(5) above; and for the purposes of this subsection, in its application in relation to an appeal under subsection (2) above, paragraphs (a) to (e) of section 102(5) above shall have effect with the necessary modifications.

Textual Amendments

F78Word in s. 105 substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(7); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt.II

[F80105A Schemes for the adoption of sewers, lateral drains and sewage disposal worksE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide for him to make schemes for the adoption by sewerage undertakers of sewers, lateral drains and sewage disposal works of the descriptions set out in paragraphs (a), (aa) and (b) of section 102(1) above.

(2)The regulations may require sewerage undertakers to prepare draft schemes and to submit them to the Secretary of State.

(3)Each scheme shall relate to—

(a)the area of a sewerage undertaker, or part or parts of it; or

(b)the areas of more than one sewerage undertaker, or part or parts of them.

(4)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker, in specified circumstances, to exercise its powers under section 102 above with a view to making the declaration referred to in subsection (1) of that section in relation to sewers, lateral drains or sewage disposal works which—

(a)fall within the area to which a scheme relates; and

(b)satisfy specified criteria.

(5)The circumstances and the criteria shall each be—

(a)specified in the regulations; or

(b)determined in accordance with the regulations and specified in the scheme.

(6)In relation to the exercise of those powers pursuant to that duty—

(a)section 102 above shall have effect—

(i)with the omission of subsections (2), (5) and (7);

(ii)as if in subsection (1) the words “sections 103, 105 and 146(3) below” read “section 105B below”;

(iii)with the omission of the words “or application” in subsection (3);

(iv)as if for subsection (4)(a) there were substituted—

(a)shall give notice of its proposal to the owner or owners of the sewer, lateral drain or works in question unless, after diligent enquiry, he or they cannot be traced;

(aa)shall publish notice of its proposal in the prescribed manner; and;

(v)as if in subsection (4)(b) “two months” read “two months or, if longer, the period specified by virtue of section 105B(5) below” and “section 105 below” read “section 105B(4) or (5) below, or”; and

(vi)as if section 96(3) of the Water Act 2003 did not apply;

(b)sections 103 and 105 above shall not apply; and

(c)if the regulations so provide, section 146(3) below shall not apply in circumstances or cases specified in the regulations.

(7)A duty imposed on a sewerage undertaker under subsection (4) above shall be enforceable by the Secretary of State under section 18 above.

(8)A statutory instrument containing regulations under subsection (1) above shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.]

Textual Amendments

[F81105BAdoption schemes: appealsE+W

(1)Any person falling within subsection (2) below may appeal to the Authority if he is aggrieved by—

(a)the proposal of a sewerage undertaker to make a declaration under section 102 above in relation to a sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works, pursuant to the undertaker’s duty to do so under section 105A(4) above (the “relevant duty”); or

(b)the failure of a sewerage undertaker to make such a proposal pursuant to that duty.

(2)The persons referred to are—

(a)an owner of a sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works;

(b)any other person affected by the proposal, or the failure, in question.

(3)The grounds upon which a person may appeal are—

(a)in a subsection (1)(a) case, that the relevant duty is not owed in relation to the sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works, or that the making of the proposed declaration would be seriously detrimental to him;

(b)in a subsection (1)(b) case, that the relevant duty is owed in relation to the sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works; or

(c)any other prescribed ground.

(4)An appeal under subsection (1)(a) above shall be made within two months after notice of the proposal is—

(a)served on the owner of the sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works; or

(b)published in accordance with section 102(4) above as modified by section 105A(6) above,

(or, if both occur, within two months after whichever is the later).

(5)An appeal under subsection (1)(b) above shall be made within such period as is specified in the scheme (not being less than two months).

(6)On the hearing of an appeal under subsection (1) above, the Authority may—

(a)in a subsection (1)(a) case, allow or disallow the proposal of the sewerage undertaker; or

(b)in a subsection (1)(b) case, determine that the undertaker was not under the relevant duty in relation to the sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works in question,

or, in either case, make any declaration that the sewerage undertaker might have made, unless the proposal is disallowed.

(7)If, in a subsection (1)(a) case, the Authority finds that the making of the proposed declaration would be seriously detrimental to the appellant, it shall disregard any duty on the part of the sewerage undertaker to make the proposal for the purpose of determining whether to allow or disallow the proposal.

(8)If, in a subsection (1)(a) case, the Authority disallows the proposal of the sewerage undertaker, the scheme pursuant to which it was made shall have effect as if there were no duty under section 105A(4) above on the sewerage undertaker in relation to the sewer, lateral drain or sewage disposal works in question.

(9)Where the Authority makes a declaration under subsection (6) above, it may, if it thinks fit—

(a)specify conditions, including conditions as to the payment of compensation by the sewerage undertaker; and

(b)direct that its declaration shall not take effect unless any conditions so specified are accepted.

(10)A declaration made under subsection (6) above shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the undertaker.

(11)The Secretary of State may by regulations make further provision in connection with appeals under this section.

(12)The regulations may, in particular, require the Authority to have regard to prescribed matters when determining an appeal under this section.]

Textual Amendments

[F82105CAdoption schemes: supplementaryE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may vary any scheme, or revoke it.

(2)Before making regulations or any scheme under section 105A above, and before amending or revoking the regulations or varying or revoking a scheme, the Secretary of State shall consult—

(a)each sewerage undertaker which would be affected;

(b)the Authority;

(c)the Council;

(d)such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(3)The Secretary of State shall publish each scheme he makes, and any such scheme as varied, in the way he considers best for the purpose of bringing it to the attention of those likely to be affected by it.]

Textual Amendments

Communication of drains and private sewers with public sewersE+W

106 Right to communicate with public sewers.E+W

[F83(1)Subject to the provisions of this section—

(a)the owner or occupier of any premises, or

(b)the owner of any private sewer which drains premises,

shall be entitled to have his drains or sewer communicate with the public sewer of any sewerage undertaker and thereby to discharge foul water and surface water from those premises or that private sewer.]

[F84(1A)In this section, and in sections 107 to 109, 111, 113 to 116, 118, 119, 124, 127, 139 and 146 below—

(a)references (however expressed) to a public sewer include a public lateral drain which satisfies sewer standards; and

(b)for the purposes of paragraph (a) above—

(i)a “public lateral drain” is a lateral drain which either belongs to the sewerage undertaker or is vested in the sewerage undertaker by virtue of a declaration made under section 102 above or under an agreement made under section 104 above; and

(ii)sewer standards” means such standards of construction and repair as the undertaker would require if the public lateral drain or part of it were to become a public sewer.]

(2)Subject to the provisions of Chapter III of this Part, nothing in subsection (1) above shall entitle any person—

(a)to discharge directly or indirectly into any public sewer—

(i)any liquid from a factory, other than domestic sewage or surface or storm water, or any liquid from a manufacturing process; or

(ii)any liquid or other matter the discharge of which into public sewers is prohibited by or under any enactment; or

(b)where separate public sewers are provided for foul water and for surface water, to discharge directly or indirectly—

(i)foul water into a sewer provided for surface water; or

(ii)except with the approval of the undertaker, surface water into a sewer provided for foul water; or

(c)to have his drains or sewer made to communicate directly with a storm-water overflow sewer.

(3)A person desirous of availing himself of his entitlement under this section shall give notice of his proposals to the sewerage undertaker in question.

(4)At any time within twenty-one days after a sewerage undertaker receives a notice under subsection (3) above, the undertaker may by notice to the person who gave the notice refuse to permit the communication to be made, if it appears to the undertaker that the mode of construction or condition of the drain or sewer

[F85(a)does not satisfy the standards reasonably required by the undertaker; or

(b)is such that the making of the communication would be prejudicial to the undertaker’s sewerage system.]

(5)For the purpose of examining the mode of construction and condition of a drain or sewer to which a notice under subsection (3) above relates a sewerage undertaker may, if necessary, require it to be laid open for inspection.

[F86(5A)Where the sewer or drain satisfies the standards reasonably required by it, a sewerage undertaker may, as a condition of permitting the communication to be made, require that the sewer or that part of the drain forming the lateral drain be vested in it by virtue of a declaration under section 102 above.]

(6)Any question arising under subsections [F87(3) to (5A)] above between a sewerage undertaker and a person proposing to make a communication as to—

(a)the reasonableness of the undertaker’s refusal to permit a communication to be made; or

(b)as to the reasonableness of any requirement under subsection (5) [F88or (5A)] above,

may, on the application of that person, be determined by [F89the Director under section 30A above][F90(and, accordingly, section 105 above shall not apply to any requirement under subsection (5A) above).]

F91(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)Where a person proposes under this section to make a communication between a drain or sewer and such a public sewer in Greater London as is used for the general reception of sewage from other public sewers and is not substantially used for the reception of sewage from private sewers and drains—

(a)the grounds on which a sewerage undertaker may refuse to permit the communication shall be such grounds as the undertaker thinks fit; and

(b)no application to [F92the Director] may be made under subsection (6) above in respect of any refusal under this subsection.

(9)In this section “factory” has the same meaning as in the M9Factories Act 1961.

Textual Amendments

F83S. 106(1) substituted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 43(2); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

F85S. 106(4): paras. (a)(b) substituted (28.5.2004) for words by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 99(3), 105(3); S.I. 2004/641, art. 4(b) (with Sch. 3 para. 7)

F89Words in s. 106(6) substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(8)(a); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt.II

F91S. 106(7) repealed (1.7.1992) and is expressed to cease to have effect (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), ss. 35(8)(b), 56(7), SCh. 2; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, arts. 3, 4, Sch. Pts. I, II

F92Words in s. 106(8)(b) substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(8)(c); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt. II

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 106(8) restricted (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 38, Sch. 10 para. 13

Marginal Citations

107 Right of sewerage undertaker to undertake the making of communications with public sewers.E+W

(1)Where a person gives to a sewerage undertaker notice under section 106 above of his proposal to have his drains or sewer made to communicate with a public sewer of that undertaker, the undertaker may—

(a)within fourteen days after the receipt of the notice; or

(b)if any question arising under the notice requires to be determined by [F93the Director], within fourteen days after the determination of that question,

give notice to that person that the undertaker intends itself to make the communication.

(2)If, after a notice has been given to any person under subsection (1) above, that person proceeds himself to make the communication, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(3)Where a sewerage undertaker has given a notice under subsection (1) above—

(a)the undertaker shall have all such rights in respect of the making of the communication as the person desiring it to be made would have; but

(b)it shall not be obligatory on the undertaker to make the communication until either—

(i)there has been paid to the sewerage undertaker any such sum, not exceeding the undertaker’s reasonable estimate of the cost of the work, as the undertaker may have required to be paid to it; or

(ii)there has been given to the undertaker such security for the payment of the cost of the work as it may reasonably have required.

(4)If any payment made to a sewerage undertaker under subsection (3) above exceeds the expenses reasonably incurred by it in the carrying out of the work in question, the excess shall be repaid by the undertaker; and, if and so far as those expenses are not covered by such a payment, the undertaker may recover the expenses, or the balance of them, from the person for whom the work was done.

[F94(4A)Any dispute between a sewerage undertaker and any other person as to—

(a)whether the undertaker’s estimate of the cost of works given under subsection (3)(b)(i) above is reasonable,

(b)whether any requirement of security for the payment of the cost of works was reasonably made by the undertaker, or

(c)whether any excess is repayable, or any expenses are recoverable, by the undertaker under subsection (4) above, or the amount of any such excess or expenses,

may be referred to the Director for determination under section 30A above by either party to the dispute.]

(5)Sections 291, 293 and 294 of the M10Public Health Act 1936 (which provide for the means of, and for limitations on, the recovery of expenses incurred by a local authority) shall apply in relation to the recovery by a sewerage undertaker of any sums under this section as they apply in relation to the recovery of expenses under that Act by a local authority.

(6)For the purposes of this section, the making of the communication between a drain or private sewer and a public sewer includes all such work as involves the breaking open of a street.

Textual Amendments

F93Words in s. 107(1)(b) substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(9); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt.II

F94S. 107(4A) inserted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(9); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt. II

Marginal Citations

108 Communication works by person entitled to communication.E+W

(1)Where a sewerage undertaker does not under section 107 above elect itself to make a communication to which a person is entitled under section 106 above, the person making it shall—

(a)before commencing the work, give reasonable notice to any person directed by the undertaker to superintend the carrying out of the work; and

(b)afford any such person all reasonable facilities for superintending the carrying out of the work.

(2)For the purpose—

(a)of exercising his rights under section 106 above; or

(b)of examining, repairing or renewing any drain or private sewer draining his premises into a public sewer,

the owner or occupier of any premises shall be entitled to exercise the same powers as, for the purpose of carrying out its functions, are conferred on a sewerage undertaker by sections 158 and 161(1) below.

(3)The provisions of Part VI of this Act shall apply, with the necessary modifications, in relation to the power conferred by subsection (2) above as they apply in relation to the power conferred by sections 158 and 161(1) below.

109 Unlawful communications.E+W

(1)Any person who causes a drain or sewer to communicate with a public sewer—

(a)in contravention of any of the provisions of section 106 or 108 above; or

(b)before the end of the period mentioned in subsection (4) of that section 106,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(2)Whether proceedings have or have not been taken by a sewerage undertaker in respect of an offence under this section, such an undertaker may—

(a)close any communication made in contravention of any of the provisions of section 106 or 108 above; and

(b)recover from the offender any expenses reasonably incurred by the undertaker in so doing.

(3)Sections 291, 293 and 294 of the M11Public Health Act 1936 (which provide for the means of, and for limitations on, the recovery of expenses incurred by a local authority) shall apply in relation to the recovery by a sewerage undertaker of any sums under this section as they apply in relation to the recovery of expenses under that Act by a local authority.

Marginal Citations

Connections between public sewersE+W

110 Determination of disputes with respect to cross boundary sewers.E+W

(1)Where any part of a sewer is vested in a sewerage undertaker by virtue of section 70 of the M12Water Act 1989 (cross boundary sewers), the terms on which that part of that sewer—

(a)communicates with such parts of that sewer or of any other sewer; or

(b)discharges into any such sewage disposal works,

as immediately before 1st September 1989 were vested in the same water authority as that part of that sewer but, by virtue of that section, are vested in another sewerage undertaker shall be determined, in default of agreement, by the Director.

(2)A determination by the Director under this section shall have effect as an agreement between the sewerage undertakers in question but may be varied or revoked by a subsequent determination made by the Director on the application of either of those undertakers, as well as by agreement between the undertakers.

(3)In making a determination under this section, the Director shall have regard to the desirability of a sewerage undertaker’s recovering the costs resulting from its allowing the sewers of other sewerage undertakers to communicate with its sewers or to discharge into its sewage disposal works and of its securing a reasonable return on its capital.

Marginal Citations

[110AF95New connections with public sewers.E+W

(1)Where, on the application of any qualifying person—

(a)it appears to the Director that it is necessary or expedient for the purposes of this Part that the sewerage undertaker specified in the application (“the established undertaker”) should permit a main connection into his sewerage system, and

(b)the Director is satisfied that the making of such a connection cannot be secured by agreement,

the Director may by order require the established undertaker to allow the connection for such period and on such terms and conditions as may be provided in the order.

(2)In this section “qualifying person” means—

(a)a sewerage undertaker; or

(b)a person who has made an application for an appointment or variation under section 8 above which has not been determined.

(3)In subsection (1) above a “main connection” means a connection—

(a)between a sewer or disposal main and a sewer or disposal main; or

(b)a connection which allows a sewer or disposal main to discharge directly into a sewage disposal works.

(4)Where the application is made by a person who is not a sewerage undertaker at the time when the application is made, an order made under this section in response to that application shall be expressed not to come into force until the applicant becomes a sewerage undertaker for the area specified in the order, or for an area which includes that area.

(5)Subject to subsection (4) above, an order under this section shall have effect as an agreement between the established undertaker and the applicant but may be varied or revoked by a subsequent order made by the Director on the application of either party to the agreement, as well as by agreement between the parties.

(6)The Director shall not make an order under this section unless he has first consulted [F96the Environment Agency]].

(7)In exercising his functions under this section, the Director shall have regard to the desirability of—

(a)facilitating effective competition within the sewerage services industry;

(b)the existing undertaker’s recovering the expenses of complying with its obligations by virtue of this section and securing a reasonable return on its capital;

(c)the existing undertaker’s being able to meet its existing obligations, and likely future obligations, to provide sewerage services without having to incur unreasonable expenditure in carrying out works;

(d)not putting at risk the ability of the existing undertaker to meet its existing obligations, or likely future obligations, to provide such services.

Textual Amendments

F95S. 110A inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 45; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

F96Words in s. 110A(6) substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 104 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

Provisions protecting sewerage systemE+W

111 Restrictions on use of public sewers.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of Chapter III of this Part, no person shall throw, empty or turn, or suffer or permit to be thrown or emptied or to pass, into any public sewer, or into any drain or sewer communicating with a public sewer—

(a)any matter likely to injure the sewer or drain, to interfere with the free flow of its contents or to affect prejudicially the treatment and disposal of its contents; or

(b)any such chemical refuse or waste steam, or any such liquid of a temperature higher than [F97forty-three degrees Celsius] , as by virtue of subsection (2) below is a prohibited substance; or

(c)any petroleum spirit or carbide of calcium.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, chemical refuse, waste steam or a liquid of a temperature higher than that mentioned in that subsection is a prohibited substance if (either alone or in combination with the contents of the sewer or drain in question) it is or, in the case of the liquid, is when so heated—

(a)dangerous;

(b)the cause of a nuisance; or

(c)injurious, or likely to cause injury, to health.

(3)A person who contravenes any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum and to a further fine not exceeding £50 for each day on which the offence continues after conviction;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine or to both.

(4)For the purposes of so much of subsection (3) above as makes provision for the imposition of a daily penalty—

(a)the court by which a person is convicted of the original offence may fix a reasonable date from the date of conviction for compliance by the defendant with any directions given by the court; and

(b)where a court has fixed such a period, the daily penalty shall not be imposed in respect of any day before the end of that period.

(5)In this section the expression “petroleum spirit” means any such—

(a)crude petroleum;

(b)oil made from petroleum or from coal, shale, peat or other bituminous substances; or

(c)product of petroleum or mixture containing petroleum,

as, when tested in the manner prescribed by or under the M13Petroleum (Consolidation) Act 1928, gives off an inflammable vapour at a temperature of less than [F98twenty-three degrees Celsius] .

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 111 amended (27.8.1993) by 1993 c. 12, ss. 40, 51(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I para. 8 (with ss. 42, 46).

Marginal Citations

112 Requirement that proposed drain or sewer be constructed so as to form part of general system.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)a person proposes to construct a drain or sewer; and

(b)a sewerage undertaker considers that the proposed drain or sewer is, or is likely to be, needed to form part of a general sewerage system which that undertaker provides or proposes to provide,

the undertaker may require that person to construct the drain or sewer in a manner differing, as regards material or size of pipes, depth, fall, direction or outfall or otherwise, from the manner in which that person proposes, or could otherwise be required by the undertaker, to construct it.

(2)If any person on whom requirements are imposed under this section by a sewerage undertaker is aggrieved by the requirements, he may within twenty-eight days appeal to the [F99Director].

(3)On an appeal under subsection (2) above with respect to any requirements, the [F99Director] may either disallow the requirements or allow them with or without modification.

(4)It shall be the duty of a person on whom requirements are imposed by a sewerage undertaker under this section to comply with those requirements.

(5)The duty of any person by virtue of subsection (4) above to comply with the requirements of a sewerage undertaker shall be owed to the undertaker; and any breach of that duty which causes the undertaker to sustain loss or damage shall be actionable at the suit of the undertaker.

(6)A sewerage undertaker which exercises the powers conferred on it by this section shall—

(a)repay to the person constructing the drain or sewer the extra expenses reasonably incurred by that person in complying with the undertaker’s requirements; and

(b)until the drain or sewer becomes a public sewer, from time to time repay to that person so much of any expenses reasonably incurred by him in repairing or maintaining the drain or sewer as may be attributable to the undertaker’s requirements having been imposed and complied with.

(7)Nothing in this section shall apply in relation to so much of any drain or sewer as is proposed to be constructed by any railway undertakers or dock undertakers in or on land which—

(a)belongs to them; and

(b)is held or used by them for the purposes of their undertaking.

Textual Amendments

F99Word in s. 112(2)(3) substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(10); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt. II

113 Power to alter drainage system of premises in area.E+W

(1)Where any premises have a drain or sewer communicating with a public sewer or a cesspool, but that system of drainage, though sufficient for the effectual drainage of the premises—

(a)is not adapted to the general sewerage system of the area; or

(b)is, in the opinion of the sewerage undertaker for the area, otherwise objectionable,

the undertaker may, at its own expense, close the existing drain or sewer and fill up the cesspool, if any, and do any work necessary for that purpose.

(2)The power conferred on a sewerage undertaker by subsection (1) above shall be exercisable on condition only that the undertaker first provides, in a position equally convenient to the owner of the premises in question, a drain or sewer which—

(a)is equally effectual for the drainage of the premises; and

(b)communicates with a public sewer.

(3)A sewerage undertaker which proposes to carry out any work under this section shall give notice of its proposals to the owner of the premises in question.

(4)If the owner of the premises is aggrieved by the proposals, whether as regards the position or the sufficiency of the drain or sewer proposed to be provided for the drainage of the premises, he may [F100refer the matter to the Director for determination under section 30A above].

F101(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision with respect to consents and the conditions of consents for discharges of trade effluent into the sewer of a sewerage undertaker through a drain or sewer provided in pursuance of this section.

(7)In this section—

  • cesspool” includes a settlement tank or other tank for the reception or disposal of foul matter from buildings; and

  • trade effluent” has the same meaning as in Chapter III of this Part.

Textual Amendments

F100Words in s. 113(4) substituted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(11)(a); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt.II

F101S. 113(5) repealed (1.7.1992) and is expressed to cease to have effect (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), ss. 35(11)(b), 56(7), Sch. 2; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, arts. 3, 4, Sch. Pts. I, II

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10S. 113(6) amended (27.8.1993) by 1993 c. 12, ss. 40, 51(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I para. 8 (with ss. 42, 46).

114 Power to investigate defective drain or sewer.E+W

(1)Where it appears to a sewerage undertaker that there are reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that any drain connecting with a public sewer, or any private sewer so connecting, is in such a condition as to be injurious or likely to cause injury to health or as to be a nuisance; or

(b)that any such drain or private sewer is so defective as to admit subsoil water,

the undertaker may examine the condition of the drain or sewer and, for that purpose, may apply any test, other than a test by water under pressure and, if the undertaker deems it necessary, open the ground.

(2)If on examination the drain or sewer is found to be in proper condition, the undertaker shall, as soon as possible, reinstate any ground which has been opened by it and make good any damage done by the undertaker.

Use of pipes for sewerage purposesE+W

115 Use of highway drains as sewers and vice versa.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, a relevant authority and a sewerage undertaker may agree that—

(a)any drain or sewer which is vested in the authority in their capacity as a highway authority may, upon such terms as may be agreed, be used by the undertaker for the purpose of conveying surface water from premises or streets;

(b)any public sewer vested in the undertaker may, upon such terms as may be agreed, be used by the authority for conveying surface water from roads repairable by the authority.

(2)Where a sewer or drain with respect to which a relevant authority and a sewerage undertaker propose to make an agreement under this section discharges, whether directly or indirectly, into the sewers or sewage disposal works of another sewerage undertaker, the agreement shall not be made without the consent of that other undertaker.

(3)Subject to subsection (4) below, a consent given by a sewerage undertaker for the purposes of subsection (2) above may be given on such terms as that undertaker thinks fit.

(4)Neither a relevant authority nor a sewerage undertaker shall—

(a)unreasonably refuse to enter into an agreement for the purposes of this section; or

(b)insist unreasonably upon terms unacceptable to the other party;

and a sewerage undertaker shall not unreasonably refuse to consent to the making of such an agreement or insist unreasonably upon terms unacceptable to either party.

(5)Any question arising under this section as to whether or not any authority or undertaker is acting unreasonably shall be referred to the Secretary of State, whose decision shall be final.

(6)The powers by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above of a relevant authority and a sewerage undertaker to enter into an agreement shall be exercisable by two relevant authorities as they would be exercisable if one of them were a sewerage undertaker.

(7)Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the rights of a relevant authority under section 264 of the M14Highways Act 1980.

(8)Part XII of the M15Public Health Act 1936 shall apply for the purposes of the provisions of this section which confer functions on relevant authorities as they apply for the purposes of the provisions of that Act.

(9)In this section “relevant authority” means a county council or any local authority except a non-metropolitan district council.

(10)The provisions of this section are subject to the provisions of section 146(4) below.

Marginal Citations

116 Power to close or restrict use of public sewer.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, a sewerage undertaker may discontinue and prohibit the use of any public sewer which is vested in the undertaker.

(2)A discontinuance or prohibition under this section may be for all purposes, for the purpose of foul water drainage or for the purpose of surface water drainage.

(3)Before any person who is lawfully using a sewer for any purpose is deprived under this section by a sewerage undertaker of the use of the sewer for that purpose, the undertaker shall—

(a)provide a sewer which is equally effective for his use for that purpose; and

(b)at the undertaker’s own expense, carry out any work necessary to make that person’s drains or sewers communicate with the sewer provided in pursuance of this subsection.

[F102(4)Any dispute arising under subsection (3)(a) above between a sewerage undertaker and any other person as to the effectiveness of any sewer provided by the undertaker for that person’s use may be referred to the Director for determination under section 30A above by either party to the dispute.]

Textual Amendments

F102S. 116(4) inserted (1.9.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 35(12); Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 4, Sch. Pt. II

[F103ComplaintsE+W

Textual Amendments

F103S. 116A inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 c. 43, s.33; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I

F104116A Procedures for dealing with complaints.E+W

(1)Each sewerage undertaker shall establish a procedure for dealing with complaints made by its customers or potential customers in connection with the provision of sewerage services.

(2)No such procedure shall be established, and no modification of such a procedure shall be made, unless—

(a)the sewerage undertaker has consulted the [F105regional committee] to which it has been allocated; and

(b)the proposed procedure or modification has been approved by the Director.

(3)The sewerage undertaker shall—

(a)publicise the procedure in such manner as may be approved by the Director; and

(b)send a description of the procedure, free of charge, to any person who asks for one.

(4)The Director may give a direction to a sewerage undertaker requiring the undertaker to review its procedure or the manner in which the procedure operates.

(5)A direction under subsection (4) above—

(a)may specify the manner in which the review is to be conducted; and

(b)shall require a written report of the review to be made to the Director.

(6)Where the Director receives a report under subsection (5)(b) above, he may, after consulting the sewerage undertaker, direct the undertaker to make such modifications of—

(a)the procedure; or

(b)the manner in which the procedure operates,

as may be specified in the direction.

(7)Subsection (2) above does not apply to any modification made in compliance with a direction under subsection (6) above.

(8)The duty of a sewerage undertaker to comply with subsection (1) above and with any direction given to it under subsection (4) or (6) above shall be enforceable by the Director under section 18 above.

(9)Where the Director is considering whether to exercise his powers under subsection (4) or (6) above in relation to a sewerage undertaker, it shall be the duty of that undertaker to give him such information as he may reasonably require for the purpose of assisting him in coming to a decision.

(10)Section 202 below shall have effect, with the necessary modifications, in relation to information which the Director requires for that purpose as it has effect in relation to information which the Secretary of State requires for purposes mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.]

Textual Amendments

F104S. 116A inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition ant Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s.33; Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (Commencement No. 1) Order 1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I

Interpretation of Chapter IIE+W

117 Interpretation of Chapter II.E+W

(1)In this Chapter, except in so far as the context otherwise requires—

  • dock undertakers” means persons authorised by any enactment, or by any order, rule or regulation made under any enactment, to construct, work or carry on any dock, harbour, canal or inland navigation;

  • domestic sewerage purposes”, in relation to any premises, means any one or more of the following purposes, that is to say—

(a)the removal, from buildings on the premises and from land occupied with and appurtenant to the buildings, of the contents of lavatories;

(b)the removal, from such buildings and from such land, of water which has been used for cooking or washing; and

(c)the removal, from such buildings and such land, of surface water;

but does not, by virtue of paragraph (b) of this definition, include the removal of any water used for the business of a laundry or for a business of preparing food or drink for consumption otherwise than on the premises.

(2)References in this Chapter to the construction of a sewer or of any sewage disposal works include references to the extension of any existing sewer or works.

(3)In this Chapter “local authority”, in relation to the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple, includes, respectively, the Sub-Treasurer of the Inner Temple and the Under-Treasurer of the Middle Temple.

(4)Every application made or consent given under this Chapter shall be made or given in writing.

(5)Nothing in sections 102 to 109 above or in sections 111 to 116 above shall be construed as authorising a sewerage undertaker to construct or use any public or other sewer, or any drain or outfall—

(a)in contravention of any applicable provision of the M16Water Resources Act 1991; or

(b)for the purpose of conveying foul water into any natural or artificial stream, watercourse, canal, pond or lake, without the water having been so treated as not to affect prejudicially the purity and quality of the water in the stream, watercourse, canal, pond or lake.

(6)A sewerage undertaker shall so carry out its functions under sections 102 to 105, 112, 115 and 116 above as not to create a nuisance.

Marginal Citations

CHAPTER IIIE+W TRADE EFFLUENT

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11Pt. IV Ch. III (ss. 118-141) amended (27.8.1993) by 1993 c. 12, ss. 40, 51(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I para. 8 (with ss. 42, 46).

Pt. IV Ch. III (ss. 118-141) modified (1.2.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 5 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 2

Pt. IV Ch. III (ss. 118-141): transfer of functions (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 2(2)(b) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

Consent for discharge of trade effluent into public sewerE+W

118 Consent required for discharge of trade effluent into public sewer.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this Chapter, the occupier of any trade premises in the area of a sewerage undertaker may discharge any trade effluent proceeding from those premises into the undertaker’s public sewers if he does so with the undertaker’s consent.

(2)Nothing in this Chapter shall authorise the discharge of any effluent into a public sewer otherwise than by means of a drain or sewer.

(3)The following, that is to say—

(a)the restrictions imposed by paragraphs (a) and (b) of section 106(2) above; and

(b)section 111 above so far as it relates to anything falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) of that section,

shall not apply to any discharge of trade effluent which is lawfully made by virtue of this Chapter.

(4)Accordingly, subsections (3) to (8) of section 106 above and sections 108 and 109 above shall have effect in relation to communication with a sewer for the purpose of making any discharge which is lawfully made by virtue of this Chapter as they have effect in relation to communication with a sewer for the purpose of making discharges which are authorised by subsection (1) of section 106 above.

(5)If, in the case of any trade premises, any trade effluent is discharged without such consent or other authorisation as is necessary for the purposes of this Chapter, the occupier of the premises shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

Consents on an applicationE+W

119 Application for consent.E+W

(1)An application to a sewerage undertaker for a consent to discharge trade effluent from any trade premises into a public sewer of that undertaker shall be by notice served on the undertaker by the owner or occupier of the premises.

(2)An application under this section with respect to a proposed discharge of any such effluent shall state—

(a)the nature or composition of the trade effluent;

(b)the maximum quantity of the trade effluent which it is proposed to discharge on any one day; and

(c)the highest rate at which it is proposed to discharge the trade effluent.

120 Applications for the discharge of special category effluent.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, where a notice containing an application under section 119 above is served on a sewerage undertaker with respect to discharges of any special category effluent, it shall be the duty of the undertaker to refer to [F106the Environment Agency] the questions—

(a)whether the discharges to which the notice relates should be prohibited; and

(b)whether, if they are not prohibited, any requirements should be imposed as to the conditions on which they are made.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, a reference which is required to be made by a sewerage undertaker by virtue of subsection (1) above shall be made before the end of the period of two months beginning with the day after the notice containing the application is served on the undertaker.

(3)There shall be no obligation on a sewerage undertaker to make a reference under this section in respect of any application if, before the end of the period mentioned in subsection (2) above, there is a refusal by the undertaker to give any consent on the application.

(4)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker where it has made a reference under this section not to give any consent, or enter into any agreement, with respect to the discharges to which the reference relates at any time before [F107the Environment Agency] serves notice on the undertaker of his determination on the reference.

(5)Every reference under this section shall be made in writing and shall be accompanied by a copy of the notice containing the application in respect of which it is made.

(6)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker, on making a reference under this section, to serve a copy of the reference on the owner or the occupier of the trade premises in question, according to whether the discharges to which the reference relates are to be by the owner or by the occupier.

[F108(9)If a sewerage undertaker fails, within the period provided by subsection (2) above, to refer to the Environment Agency any question which he is required by subsection (1) above to refer to the Agency, the undertaker shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(10)If the Environment Agency becomes aware of any such failure as is mentioned in subsection (9) above, the Agency may—

(a)if a consent under this Chapter to make discharges of any special category effluent has been granted on the application in question, exercise its powers of review under section 127 or 131 below, notwithstanding anything in subsection (2) of the section in question; or

(b)in any other case, proceed as if the reference required by this section had been made.]

Textual Amendments

F108S. 120(9)(10) substituted (1.4.1996) for s. 120(7)(8) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 105(1)(4) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

121 Conditions of consent.E+W

(1)The power of a sewerage undertaker, on an application under section 119 above, to give a consent with respect to the discharge of any trade effluent shall be a power to give a consent either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as the sewerage undertaker thinks fit to impose with respect to—

(a)the sewer or sewers into which the trade effluent may be discharged;

(b)the nature or composition of the trade effluent which may be discharged;

(c)the maximum quantity of trade effluent which may be discharged on any one day, either generally or into a particular sewer; and

(d)the highest rate at which trade effluent may be discharged, either generally or into a particular sewer.

(2)Conditions with respect to all or any of the following matters may also be attached under this section to a consent to the discharge of trade effluent from any trade premises—

(a)the period or periods of the day during which the trade effluent may be discharged from the trade premises into the sewer;

(b)the exclusion from the trade effluent of all condensing water;

(c)the elimination or diminution, in cases falling within subsection (3) below, of any specified constituent of the trade effluent, before it enters the sewer;

(d)the temperature of the trade effluent at the time when it is discharged into the sewer, and its acidity or alkalinity at that time;

(e)the payment by the occupier of the trade premises to the undertaker of charges for the reception of the trade effluent into the sewer and for the disposal of the effluent;

(f)the provision and maintenance of such an inspection chamber or manhole as will enable a person readily to take samples, at any time, of what is passing into the sewer from the trade premises;

(g)the provision, testing and maintenance of such meters as may be required to measure the volume and rate of discharge of any trade effluent being discharged from the trade premises into the sewer;

(h)the provision, testing and maintenance of apparatus for determining the nature and composition of any trade effluent being discharged from the premises into the sewer;

(i)the keeping of records of the volume, rate of discharge, nature and composition of any trade effluent being discharged and, in particular, the keeping of records of readings of meters and other recording apparatus provided in compliance with any other condition attached to the consent; and

(j)the making of returns and giving of other information to the sewerage undertaker concerning the volume, rate of discharge, nature and composition of any trade effluent discharged from the trade premises into the sewer.

(3)A case falls within this subsection where the sewerage undertaker is satisfied that the constituent in question, either alone or in combination with any matter with which it is likely to come into contact while passing through any sewers-

(a)would injure or obstruct those sewers, or make the treatment or disposal of the sewage from those sewers specially difficult or expensive; or

(b)in the case of trade effluent which is to be or is discharged—

(i)into a sewer having an outfall in any harbour or tidal water; or

(ii)into a sewer which connects directly or indirectly with a sewer or sewage disposal works having such an outfall,

would cause or tend to cause injury or obstruction to the navigation on, or the use of, the harbour or tidal water.

(4)In the exercise of the power conferred by virtue of subsection (2)(e) above, regard shall be had—

(a)to the nature and composition and to the volume and rate of discharge of the trade effluent discharged;

(b)to any additional expense incurred or likely to be incurred by a sewerage undertaker in connection with the reception or disposal of the trade effluent; and

(c)to any revenue likely to be derived by the undertaker from the trade effluent.

(5)If, in the case of any trade premises, a condition imposed under this section is contravened, the occupier of the premises shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(6)In this section “harbour” and “tidal water” have the same meanings as in the [F109Merchant Shipping Act 1995].

(7)This section has effect subject to the provisions of sections 133 and 135(3) below.

Textual Amendments

F109Words in s. 121(6) substituted (1.1.1996) by 1995 c. 21, ss. 314(2), 316(2), Sch. 13 para. 89(a) (with s. 312(1))

122 Appeals to the Director with respect to decisions on applications etc.E+W

(1)Any person aggrieved by—

(a)the refusal of a sewerage undertaker to give a consent for which application has been duly made to the undertaker under section 119 above;

(b)the failure of a sewerage undertaker to give such a consent within the period of two months beginning with the day after service of the notice containing the application; or

(c)any condition attached by a sewerage undertaker to such a consent,

may appeal to the Director.

(2)On an appeal under this section in respect of a refusal or failure to give a consent, the Director may give the necessary consent, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as he thinks fit to impose for determining any of the matters as respects which the undertaker has power to impose conditions under section 121 above.

(3)On an appeal under this section in respect of a condition attached to a consent, the Director may take into review all the conditions attached to the consent, whether appealed against or not, and may—

(a)substitute for them any other set of conditions, whether more or less favourable to the appellant; or

(b)annul any of the conditions.

(4)The Director may, under subsection (3) above, include provision as to the charges to be made in pursuance of any condition attached to a consent for any period before the determination of the appeal.

(5)On any appeal under this section, the Director may give a direction that the trade effluent in question shall not be discharged until a specified date.

(6)Any consent given or conditions imposed by the Director under this section in respect of discharges of trade effluent shall have effect for the purposes of this Chapter as if given or imposed by the sewerage undertaker in question.

(7)The powers of the Director under this section shall be subject to the provisions of sections 123, 128, 133, 135 and 137 below.

123 Appeals with respect to the discharge of special category effluent.E+W

(1)Where a reference is made to [F110the Environment Agency] under section 120 above, the period mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 122 above shall not begin to run for the purposes of that subsection, in relation to the application to which the reference relates, until the beginning of the day after [F110the Environment Agency] serves notice on the sewerage undertaker in question of his determination on the reference.

(2)If, on an appeal under section 122 above, it appears to the Director—

(a)that the case is one in which the sewerage undertaker in question is required to make a reference under section 120 above before giving a consent; and

(b)that the undertaker has not made such a reference, whether because the case falls within subsection (3) of that section or otherwise,

the Director shall not be entitled to determine the appeal, otherwise than by upholding a refusal, except where the conditions set out in subsection (3) below are satisfied.

(3)The conditions mentioned in subsection (2) above are satisfied if the Director—

(a)has himself referred the questions mentioned in section 120(1) above to [F110the Environment Agency]; and

(b)has been sent a copy of the notice of [F110the Environment Agency’s] determination on the reference.

(4)Every reference under this section shall be made in writing and shall be accompanied by a copy of the notice containing the application in respect of which the appeal and reference is made.

(5)It shall be the duty of the Director, on making a reference under this section, to serve a copy of the reference—

(a)on the owner or the occupier of the trade premises in question, according to whether the discharges to which the reference relates are to be by the owner or by the occupier; and

(b)on the sewerage undertaker in question.

Textual Amendments

124 Variation of consents.E+W

(1)Subject to sections 128, 133 and 135(3) below, a sewerage undertaker may from time to time give a direction varying the conditions which have been attached to any of its consents under this Chapter to the discharge of trade effluent into a public sewer.

(2)Subject to subsections (3) and (4) and section 125 below, no direction shall be given under this section with respect to a consent under this Chapter—

(a)within two years from the date of the consent; or

(b)where a previous direction has been given under this section with respect to that consent, within two years from the date on which notice was given of that direction.

(3)Subsection (2) above shall not prevent a direction being given before the time specified in that subsection if it is given with the consent of the owner and occupier of the trade premises in question.

(4)A direction given with the consent mentioned in subsection (3) above shall not affect the time at which any subsequent direction may be given.

(5)The sewerage undertaker shall give to the owner and occupier of the trade premises to which a consent under this Chapter relates notice of any direction under this section with respect to that consent.

(6)A notice under subsection (5) above shall—

(a)include information as to the right of appeal conferred by subsection (1) of section 126 below; and

(b)state the date, being a date not less than two months after the giving of the notice, on which (subject to subsection (2) of that section) the direction is to take effect.

(7)For the purposes of this section references to the variation of conditions include references to the addition or annulment of a condition and to the attachment of a condition to a consent to which no condition was previously attached.

125 Variations within time limit.E+W

(1)A sewerage undertaker may give a direction under section 124 above before the time specified in subsection (2) of that section and without the consent required by subsection (3) of that section if it considers it necessary to do so in order to provide proper protection for persons likely to be affected by the discharges which could lawfully be made apart from the direction.

(2)Subject to section 134(3) below, where a sewerage undertaker gives a direction by virtue of subsection (1) above, the undertaker shall be liable to pay compensation to the owner and occupier of the trade premises to which the direction relates, unless the undertaker is of the opinion that the direction is required—

(a)in consequence of a change of circumstances which—

(i)has occurred since the beginning of the period of two years in question; and

(ii)could not reasonably have been foreseen at the beginning of that period;

and

(b)otherwise than in consequence of consents for discharges given after the beginning of that period.

(3)Where a sewerage undertaker gives a direction by virtue of subsection (1) above and is of the opinion mentioned in subsection (2) above, it shall be the duty of the undertaker to give notice of the reasons for its opinion to the owner and occupier of the premises in question.

(4)For the purposes of this section the circumstances referred to in subsection (2)(a) above may include the information available as to the discharges to which the consent in question relates or as to the interaction of those discharges with other discharges or matter.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision as to the manner of determining the amount of any compensation payable under this section, including the factors to be taken into account in determining that amount.

126 Appeals with respect to variations of consent.E+W

(1)The owner or occupier of any trade premises may—

(a)within two months of the giving to him under subsection (5) of section 124 above of a notice of a direction under that section; or

(b)with the written permission of the Director, at any later time,

appeal to the Director against the direction.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, if an appeal against a direction is brought under subsection (1) above before the date specified under section 124(6)(b) above in the notice of the direction, the direction shall not take effect until the appeal is withdrawn or finally disposed of.

(3)In so far as the direction which is the subject of an appeal relates to the making of charges payable by the occupier of any trade premises, it may take effect on any date after the giving of the notice.

(4)On an appeal under subsection (1) above with respect to a direction, the Director shall have power—

(a)to annul the direction given by the sewerage undertaker; and

(b)to substitute for it any other direction, whether more or less favourable to the appellant;

and any direction given by the Director may include provision as to the charges to be made for any period between the giving of the notice by the sewerage undertaker and the determination of the appeal.

(5)A person to whom notice is given in pursuance of section 125(3) above may, in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State, appeal to the Director against the notice on the ground that compensation should be paid in consequence of the direction to which the notice relates.

(6)On an appeal under subsection (5) above the Director may direct that section 125 above shall have effect as if the sewerage undertaker in question were not of the opinion to which the notice relates.

(7)Any consent given or conditions imposed by the Director under this section in respect of discharges of trade effluent shall have effect for the purposes of this Chapter as if given or imposed by the sewerage undertaker in question.

(8)The powers of the Director under this section shall be subject to the provisions of sections 133, 135 and 137 below.

127 Review by the [the Environment Agency] of consents relating to special category effluent.E+W

(1)Where any person, as the owner or occupier of any trade premises, is (whether or not in accordance with a notice under section 132 below) for the time being authorised by virtue of a consent under this Chapter to make discharges of any special category effluent from those premises into a sewerage undertaker’s public sewer, [F111the Environment Agency] may review the questions—

(a)whether the discharges authorised by the consent should be prohibited; and

(b)whether, if they are not prohibited, any requirements should be imposed as to the conditions on which they are made.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, [F111the Environment Agency] shall not review any question under this section unless—

(a)the consent or variation by virtue of which the discharges in question are made has not previously been the subject-matter of a review and was given or made—

(i)before 1st September 1989; or

(ii)in contravention of section 133 below;

(b)a period of more than two years has elapsed since the time, or last time, when notice of [F111the Environment Agency’s] determination on any reference or review relating to that consent or the consent to which that variation relates was served under section 132 below on the owner or occupier of the trade premises in question; or

(c)there has, since the time, or last time, when such a notice was so served, been a contravention of any provision which was included in compliance with a requirement of a notice under section 132 below in the consent or variation by virtue of which the discharges in question are made.

(3)Subsection (2) above shall not apply if the review is carried out—

(a)for the purpose of enabling Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom to give effect to any Community obligation or to any international agreement to which the United Kingdom is for the time being a party; or

(b)for the protection of public health or of flora and fauna dependent on an aquatic environment.

Textual Amendments

F111Words in s. 127(1)(2)(b) and sidenote substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 107 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

Application for variation of time for dischargeE+W

128 Application for variation of time for discharge.E+W

(1)If, after a direction has been given under any of the preceding provisions of this Chapter requiring that trade effluent shall not be discharged until a specified date, it appears to the sewerage undertaker in question that in consequence—

(a)of a failure to complete any works required in connection with the reception and disposal of the trade effluent; or

(b)of any other exceptional circumstances,

a later date ought to be substituted for the date so specified in the direction, the undertaker may apply to the Director for such a substitution.

(2)The Director shall have power, on an application under subsection (1) above, to vary the direction so as to extend the period during which the trade effluent may not be discharged until the date specified in the application or, if he thinks fit, any earlier date.

(3)Not less than one month before making an application under subsection (1) above a sewerage undertaker shall give notice of its intention to the owner and occupier of the trade premises from which the trade effluent is to be discharged.

(4)The Director, before varying a direction on an application under subsection (1) above, shall take into account any representations made to him by the owner or occupier of the trade premises in question.

Agreements with respect the disposal etc. of trade effluentE+W

129 Agreements with respect to the disposal etc of trade effluent.E+W

(1)Subject to sections 130 and 133 below, a sewerage undertaker may enter into and carry into effect—

(a)an agreement with the owner or occupier of any trade premises within its area for the reception and disposal by the undertaker of any trade effluent produced on those premises;

(b)an agreement with the owner or occupier of any such premises under which it undertakes, on such terms as may be specified in the agreement, to remove and dispose of substances produced in the course of treating any trade effluent on or in connection with those premises.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above, an agreement such as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection may, in particular, provide—

(a)for the construction or extension by the sewerage undertaker of such works as may be required for the reception or disposal of the trade effluent; and

(b)for the repayment by the owner or occupier, as the case may be, of the whole or part of the expenses incurred by the undertaker in carrying out its obligations under the agreement.

(3)It is hereby declared that the power of a sewerage undertaker to enter into an agreement under this section includes a power, by that agreement, to authorise such a discharge as apart from the agreement would require a consent under this Chapter.

130 Reference to [F112the Environment Agency] of agreements relating to special category effluent.E+W

(1)Where a sewerage undertaker and the owner or occupier of any trade premises are proposing to enter into an agreement under section 129 above with respect to, or to any matter connected with, the reception or disposal of any special category effluent, it shall be the duty of the undertaker to refer to [F112the Environment Agency] the questions—

(a)whether the operations which would, for the purposes of or in connection with the reception or disposal of that effluent, be carried out in pursuance of the proposed agreement should be prohibited; and

(b)whether, if they are not prohibited, any requirements should be imposed as to the conditions on which they are carried out.

(2)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker where it has made a reference under this section not to give any consent or enter into any agreement with respect to any such operations as are mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above at any time before [F112the Environment Agency] serves notice on the undertaker of his determination on the reference.

(3)Every reference under this section shall be made in writing and shall be accompanied by a copy of the proposed agreement.

(4)It shall be the duty of a sewerage undertaker, on making a reference under this section, to serve a copy of the reference on the owner or the occupier of the trade premises in question, according to whether it is the owner or occupier who is proposing to be a party to the agreement.

[F113(7)If a sewerage undertaker fails, before giving any consent or entering into any agreement with respect to any such operations as are mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above, to refer to the Environment Agency any question which he is required by that subsection to refer to the Agency, the undertaker shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(8)If the Environment Agency becomes aware—

(a)that a sewerage undertaker and the owner or occupier of any trade premises are proposing to enter into any such agreement as is mentioned in subsection (1) above, and

(b)that the sewerage undertaker has not referred to the Agency any question which it is required to refer to the Agency by that subsection,

the Agency may proceed as if the reference required by that subsection had been made.

(9)If the Environment Agency becomes aware that any consent has been given or agreement entered into with respect to any such operations as are mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above without the sewerage undertaker in question having referred to the Environment Agency any question which he is required by that subsection to refer to the Agency, the Agency may exercise its powers of review under section 127 above or, as the case may be, section 131 below, notwithstanding anything in subsection (2) of the section in question.]

Textual Amendments

F112Words in s. 130(1)(2) and sidenote substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 108(1)(2) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F113S. 130(7)-(9) substituted (1.4.1996) for s. 130(5)(6) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 108(1)(3) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

131 Review by [the Environment Agency] of agreements relating to special category effluent.E+W

(1)Where any person, as the owner or occupier of any trade premises, is (whether or not in accordance with a notice under section 132 below) for the time being a party to any agreement under section 129 above with respect to, or to any matter connected with, the reception or disposal of special category effluent, [F114the Environment Agency] may review the questions—

(a)whether the operations which, for the purposes of or in connection with the reception or disposal of that effluent, are carried out in pursuance of the agreement should be prohibited; and

(b)whether, if they are not prohibited, any requirements should be imposed as to the conditions on which they are carried out.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, [F114the Environment Agency] shall not review any question under this section unless—

(a)the agreement by virtue of which the operations in question are carried out has not previously been the subject-matter of a review and was entered into—

(i)before 1st September 1989; or

(ii)in contravention of section 133 below;

(b)a period of more than two years has elapsed since the time, or last time, when notice of [F114the Environment Agency’s] determination on any reference or review relating to that agreement was served under section 132 below on the owner or occupier of the trade premises in question; or

(c)there has, since the time, or last time, when such a notice was so served, been a contravention of any provision which was included in compliance with a requirement of a notice under section 132 below in the agreement by virtue of which the operations in question are carried out.

(3)Subsection (2) above shall not apply if the review is carried out—

(a)for the purpose of enabling Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom to give effect to any Community obligation or to any international agreement to which the United Kingdom is for the time being a party; or

(b)for the protection of public health or of flora and fauna dependent on an aquatic environment.

(4)References in this section to an agreement include references to an agreement as varied from time to time by a notice under section 132 below.

Textual Amendments

F114Words in s. 131(1)(2)(b) and sidenote substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 109 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

References and reviews relating to special category effluentE+W

132 Powers and procedure on references and reviews.E+W

(1)This section applies to—

(a)any reference to [F115the Environment Agency] under section 120, 123 or 130 above; and

(b)any review by [F115the Environment Agency] under section 127 or 131 above.

(2)On a reference or review to which this section applies, it shall be the duty of [F115the Environment Agency], before determining the questions which are the subject-matter of the reference or review—

(a)to give an opportunity of making representations or objections to [F115the Environment Agency]

(i)to the sewerage undertaker in question; and

(ii)to the following person, that is to say, the owner or the occupier of the trade premises in question, according to whether it is the owner or the occupier of those premises who is proposing to be, or is, the person making the discharges or, as the case may be, a party to the agreement;

and

(b)to consider any representations or objections which are duly made to [F116the Agency] with respect to those questions by a person to whom [F116the Agency] is required to give such an opportunity and which are not withdrawn.

(3)On determining any question on a reference or review to which this section applies, [F115the Environment Agency] shall serve notice on the sewerage undertaker in question and on the person specified in subsection (2)(a)(ii) above.

(4)A notice under this section shall state, according to what has been determined-

(a)that the discharges or operations to which, or to the proposals for which, the reference or review relates, or such of them as are specified in the notice, are to be prohibited; or

(b)that those discharges or operations, or such of them as are so specified, are to be prohibited except in so far as they are made or carried out in accordance with conditions which consist in or include conditions so specified; or

(c)that [F115the Environment Agency] has no objection to those discharges or operations and does not intend to impose any requirements as to the conditions on which they are made or carried out.

(5)Without prejudice to section 133 below, a notice under this section, in addition to containing such provision as is specified in sub-paragraph (4) above, may do one or both of the following, that is to say—

(a)vary or revoke the provisions of a previous notice with respect to the discharges or operations in question; and

(b)for the purpose of giving effect to any prohibition or other requirement contained in the notice, vary or revoke any consent under this Chapter or any agreement under section 129 above.

(6)Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) of section 121 above shall be construed as restricting the power of [F115the Environment Agency], by virtue of subsection (4)(b) above, to specify such conditions as [F117the Agency] considers appropriate in a notice under this section.

F118(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)[F115the Environment Agency] shall send a copy of every notice served under this section to the Director.

133 Effect of determination on reference or review.E+W

(1)Where a notice under section 132 above has been served on a sewerage undertaker, it shall be the duty—

(a)of the undertaker; and

(b)in relation to that undertaker, of the Director,

so to exercise the powers to which this section applies as to secure compliance with the provisions of the notice.

(2)This paragraph applies to the following powers, that is to say-

(a)in relation to a sewerage undertaker, its power to give a consent under this Chapter, any of its powers under section 121 or 124 above and any power to enter into or vary an agreement under section 129 above; and

(b)in relation to the Director, any of his powers under this Chapter.

(3)Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) of section 121 above shall be construed as restricting the power of a sewerage undertaker, for the purpose of complying with this section, to impose any condition specified in a notice under section 132 above.

[F119(5)A sewerage undertaker which fails to perform its duty under subsection (1) above shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(6)The Environment Agency may, for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of a notice under section 132 above, by serving notice on the sewerage undertaker in question and on the person specified in section 132(2)(a)(ii) above, vary or revoke—

(a)any consent given under this Chapter to make discharges of any special category effluent, or

(b)any agreement under section 129 above.]

Textual Amendments

F119S. 133(5)(6) substituted (1.4.1996) for s. 133(4) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 111 (with s. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

134 Compensation in respect of determinations made for the protection of public health etc.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, [F120the Environment Agency] shall be liable to pay compensation to the relevant person in respect of any loss or damage sustained by that person as a result of any notice under section 132 above containing [F120the Environment Agency’s] determination on a review which—

(a)has been carried out for the protection of public health or of flora and fauna dependent on an aquatic environment; and

(b)but for being so carried out would have been prohibited by virtue of section 127(2) or 131(2) above.

(2)[F120the Environment Agency] shall not be required to pay any compensation under this section if the determination in question is shown to have been given in consequence of—

(a)a change of circumstances which could not reasonably have been foreseen at the time when the period of two years mentioned in section 127(2) or, as the case may be, section 131(2) above began to run; or

(b)consideration by [F120the Environment Agency] of material information which was not reasonably available to [F121the Agency] at that time.

(3)No person shall be entitled to any compensation under section 125 above in respect of anything done in pursuance of section 133 above.

(4)In this section “the relevant person”, in relation to a review, means the owner or the occupier of the trade premises in question, according to whether it is the owner or the occupier who makes the discharges to which the review relates or, as the case may be, is a party to the agreement to which it relates.

Textual Amendments

Supplemental provisions of Chapter IIIE+W

135 Restrictions on power to fix charges under Chapter III.E+W

(1)On any appeal under section 122 or 126(1) above conditions providing for the payment of charges to the sewerage undertaker in question shall not be determined by the Director except in so far as no provision is in force by virtue of a charges scheme under section 143 below in respect of any such receptions, discharges, removals or disposals of effluent or substances as are of the same description as the reception, discharge, removal or disposal which is the subject-matter of the appeal.

(2)In so far as any such conditions as are mentioned in subsection (1) above do fall to be determined by the Director, they shall be determined having regard to the desirability of that undertaker’s—

(a)recovering the expenses of complying with its obligations in consequence of the consent or agreement to which the conditions relate; and

(b)securing a reasonable return on its capital.

(3)To the extent that subsection (1) above excludes any charges from a determination on an appeal those charges shall be fixed from time to time by a charges scheme under section 143 below but not otherwise.

[135AF122Power of the Environment Agency to acquire information for the purpose of its functions in relation to special category effluent.E+W

(1)For the purpose of the discharge of its functions under this Chapter, the Environment Agency may, by notice in writing served on any person, require that person to furnish such information specified in the notice as that Agency reasonably considers it needs, in such form and within such period following service of the notice, or at such time, as is so specified.

(2)A person who—

(a)fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a requirement imposed under subsection (1) above, or

(b)in furnishing any information in compliance with such a requirement, makes any statement which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular, or recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular,

shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) above shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or to both.]

Textual Amendments

136 Evidence from meters etc.E+W

Any meter or apparatus provided in pursuance of this Chapter in any trade premises for the purpose of measuring, recording or determining the volume, rate of discharge, nature or composition of any trade effluent discharged from those premises shall be presumed in any proceedings to register accurately, unless the contrary is shown.

137 Statement of case on appeal.E+W

(1)At any stage of the proceedings on an appeal under section 122 or 126(1) above, the Director may, and if so directed by the High Court shall, state in the form of a special case for the decision of the High Court any question of law arising in those proceedings.

(2)The decision of the High Court on a special case under this section shall be deemed to be a judgment of the Court within the meaning of section 16 of the [F123Senior Courts Act 1981](which relates to the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal); but no appeal to the Court of Appeal shall be brought by virtue of this subsection except with the leave of the High Court or of the Court of Appeal.

138 Meaning of “special category effluent”.E+W

(1)Subject to [F124subsections (1A) and] (2) below, trade effluent shall be special category effluent for the purposes of this Chapter if—

(a)such substances as may be prescribed under this Act are present in the effluent or are present in the effluent in prescribed concentrations; or

(b)the effluent derives from any such process as may be so prescribed or from a process involving the use of prescribed substances or the use of such substances in quantities which exceed the prescribed amounts.

[F125(1A)If trade effluent is produced, or to be produced, by operating [F126any Part A installation or Part A mobile plant or otherwise carrying on any Part A activity] , the operation or carrying on of which requires a permit, that effluent shall not be special category effluent for the purposes of this Chapter as from the determination date relating to the installation, plant or activity in question.

(1B)In subsection (1A)—

(a)“determination date”, in relation to an installation, plant or activity, means—

(i)in the case of an installation, plant or activity in relation to which a permit is granted, the date on which it is granted, whether in pursuance of the application, or on an appeal, of a direction to grant it;

(ii)in the case of an installation, plant or activity in relation to which the grant of a permit is refused, the date of refusal or, on appeal, of the affirmation of the refusal,

and in this paragraph the references to an appeal are references to an appeal under [F127the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010];

[F128(aa)the expressions “Part A activity”, “Part A installation” and “Part A mobile plant” have the same meaning as in [F129those Regulations];]

(b)“permit” means a permit [F130granted under [F131those Regulations]].]

(2)Trade effluent shall not be special category effluent for the purposes of this Chapter if it is produced, or to be produced, in any process which is a prescribed process designated for central control as from the date which is the determination date for that process.

(3)In subsection (2) above “determination date”, in relation to a prescribed process, means—

(a)in the case of a process for which authorisation is granted, the date on which the enforcing authority grants it, whether in pursuance of the application or, on an appeal, of a direction to grant it;

(b)in the case of a process for which authorisation is refused, the date of refusal or, on appeal, of the affirmation of the refusal.

(4)[F132In subsection (2) and (3) above]

(a)authorisation”, “enforcing authority” and “prescribed process” have the meanings given by section 1 of the M17Environmental Protection Act 1990; and

(b)the references to designation for central control and to an appeal are references, respectively, to designation under section 4 of that Act and to an appeal under section 15 of that Act.

(5)Without prejudice to the power in subsection (3) of section 139 below, nothing in this Chapter shall enable regulations under this section to prescribe as special category effluent any liquid or matter which is not trade effluent but falls to be treated as such for the purposes of this Chapter by virtue of an order under that section.

139 Power to apply Chapter III to other effluents.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order provide that, subject to section 138(5) above, this Chapter shall apply in relation to liquid or other matter of any description specified in the order which is discharged into public sewers as it applies in relation to trade effluent.

(2)An order applying the provisions of this Chapter in relation to liquid or other matter of any description may provide for it to so apply subject to such modifications (if any) as may be specified in the order and, in particular, subject to any such modification of the meaning for the purposes of this Chapter of the expression “trade premises” as may be so specified.

(3)The Secretary of State may include in an order under this section such provisions as appear to him expedient for modifying any enactment relating to sewage as that enactment applies in relation to the discharge into sewers of any liquid or other matter to which any provisions of this Chapter are applied by an order under this section.

(4)The Secretary of State may include in an order under this section such other supplemental, incidental and transitional provision as appears to him to be expedient.

(5)The power to make an order under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument; and no order shall be made under this section unless a draft of it has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

140 Pre-1989 Act authority for trade effluent discharges etc.E+W

Schedule 8 to this Act shall have effect (without prejudice to the provisions of the M18Water Consolidation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991 or to sections 16 and 17 of the M19Interpretation Act 1978) for the purpose of making provision in respect of certain cases where trade effluent was discharged in accordance with provision made before the coming into force of the M20Water Act 1989.

Interpretation of Chapter IIIE+W

141 Interpretation of Chapter III.E+W

(1)In this Chapter, except in so far as the context otherwise requires—

  • special category effluent” has the meaning given by section 138 above;

  • trade effluent”—

(a)means any liquid, either with or without particles of matter in suspension in the liquid, which is wholly or partly produced in the course of any trade or industry carried on at trade premises; and

(b)in relation to any trade premises, means any such liquid which is so produced in the course of any trade or industry carried on at those premises,

but does not include domestic sewage;

trade premises” means, subject to subsection (2) below, any premises used or intended to be used for carrying on any trade or industry.

(2)For the purposes of this Chapter any land or premises used or intended for use (in whole or in part and whether or not for profit)—

(a)for agricultural or horticultural purposes or for the purposes of fish farming; or

(b)for scientific research or experiment,

shall be deemed to be premises used for carrying on a trade or industry; and the references to a trade or industry in the definition of “trade effluent” in subsection (1) above shall include references to agriculture, horticulture, fish farming and scientific research or experiment.

(3)Every application or consent made or given under this Chapter shall be made or given in writing.

(4)Nothing in this Chapter shall affect any right with respect to water in a river stream or watercourse, or authorise any infringement of such a right, except in so far as any such right would dispense with the requirements of this Chapter so far as they have effect by virtue of any regulations under section 138 above.

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