Children Act 1989

  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part I Introductory

    1. 1. Welfare of the child.

    2. 2. Parental responsibility for children.

    3. 3. Meaning of “parental responsibility”.

    4. 4. Acquisition of parental responsibility by father.

    5. 4ZA.Acquisition of parental responsibility by second female parent

    6. 4A. Acquisition of parental responsibility by step-parent

    7. 5. Appointment of guardians.

    8. 6. Guardians: revocation and disclaimer.

    9. 7. Welfare reports.

  3. Part II Orders With Respect To Children In Family Proceedings

    1. General

      1. 8. Residence, contact and other orders with respect to children.

      2. 9. Restrictions on making section 8 orders.

      3. 10. Power of court to make section 8 orders.

      4. 11. General principles and supplementary provisions.

      5. 11A.Contact activity directions

      6. 11B.Contact activity directions: further provision

      7. 11C.Contact activity conditions

      8. 11D.Contact activity conditions: further provision

      9. 11E.Contact activity directions and conditions: making

      10. 11F.Contact activity directions and conditions: financial assistance

      11. 11G.Contact activity directions and conditions: monitoring

      12. 11H.Monitoring contact

      13. 11I.Contact orders: warning notices

      14. 11J.Enforcement orders

      15. 11K.Enforcement orders: further provision

      16. 11L.Enforcement orders: making

      17. 11M.Enforcement orders: monitoring

      18. 11N.Enforcement orders: warning notices

      19. 11O.Compensation for financial loss

      20. 11P.Orders under section 11O(2): further provision

      21. 12. Residence orders and parental responsibility.

      22. 13. Change of child’s name or removal from jurisdiction.

      23. 14. Enforcement of residence orders.

    2. Special guardianship

      1. 14A. Special guardianship orders

      2. 14B. Special guardianship orders: making

      3. 14C. Special guardianship orders: effect

      4. 14D. Special guardianship orders: variation and discharge

      5. 14E. Special guardianship orders: supplementary

      6. 14F. Special guardianship support services

      7. 14G. Special guardianship support services: representations

    3. Financial relief

      1. 15. Orders for financial relief with respect to children.

    4. Family assistance orders

      1. 16. Family assistance orders.

      2. 16A.Risk assessments

  4. Part III Local Authority Support for Children and Families

    1. Provision of services for children and their families

      1. 17. Provision of services for children in need, their families and others.

      2. 17A. Direct payments

      3. 17B. Vouchers for persons with parental responsibility for disabled children.

      4. 18. Day care for pre-school and other children.

      5. 19. Review of provision for day care, child minding etc.

    2. Provision of accommodation for children

      1. 20. Provision of accommodation for children: general.

      2. 21.x Provision of accommodation for children in police protection or detention or on remand, etc.

    3. Duties of local authorities in relation to children looked after by them

      1. 22. General duty of local authority in relation to children looked after by them.

      2. 23. Provision of accommodation and maintenance by local authority for children whom they are looking after.

      3. 22A.Provision of accommodation for children in care

      4. 22B.Maintenance of looked after children

      5. 22C.Ways in which looked after children are to be accommodated and maintained

      6. 22D.Review of child's case before making alternative arrangements for accommodation

      7. 22E.Children's homes provided by appropriate national authority

      8. 22F.Regulations as to children looked after by local authorities

      9. 22G.General duty of local authority to secure sufficient accommodation for looked after children

    4. Visiting

      1. 23ZA.Duty of local authority to ensure visits to, and contact with, looked after children and others

      2. 23ZB.Independent visitors for children looked after by a local authority

    5. Advice and assistance for certain children and young persons

      1. 23A. The responsible authority and relevant children.

      2. 23B. Additional functions of the responsible authority in respect of relevant children.

      3. 23C. Continuing functions in respect of former relevant children.

      4. 23CA.Further assistance to pursue education or training

    6. Personal advisers and pathway plans

      1. 23D. Personal advisers.

      2. 23E. Pathway plans.

      3. 24. Persons qualifying for advice and assistance.

      4. 24A. Advice and assistance.

      5. 24B. Employment, education and training.

      6. 24C.Information.

      7. 24D. Representations: sections 23A to 24B.

    7. Secure accommodation

      1. 25. Use of accomodation for restricting liberty.

    8. Independent reviewing officers

      1. 25A.Appointment of independent reviewing officer

      2. 25B.Functions of the independent reviewing officer

      3. 25C.Referred cases

      4. 26. Review of cases and inquiries into representations.

      5. 26ZA.Representations: further consideration

      6. 26ZB.Representations: further consideration (Wales)

      7. 26A. Advocacy services

      8. 27. Co-operation between authorities.

      9. 28. Consultation with local education authorities.

      10. 29. Recoupment of cost of providing services etc.

      11. 30. Miscellaneous.

      12. 30A.Meaning of appropriate national authority

  5. Part IV Care and Supervision

    1. General

      1. 31. Care and Supervision

      2. 31A. Care orders: care plans

      3. 32. Period within which application for order under this Part must be disposed of.

    2. Care orders

      1. 33. Effect of care order.

      2. 34. Parental contact etc. with children in care.

    3. Supervision orders

      1. 35.Supervision orders.

      2. 36. Education supervision orders.

    4. Powers of court

      1. 37. Powers of court in certain family proceedings.

      2. 38. Interim orders.

      3. 38A. Power to include exclusion requirement in interim care order.

      4. 38B. Undertakings relating to interim care orders.

      5. 39. Discharge and variation etc. of care orders and supervision orders.

      6. 40. Orders pending appeals in cases about care or supervision orders.

    5. Guardians ad litem

      1. 41.Representation of child

      2. 42.Right of officer of the Service to have access to local authority records

  6. Part V Protection of Children

    1. 43. Child assessment orders.

    2. 44. Orders for emergency protection of children.

    3. 44A. Power to include exclusion requirement in emergency protection order.

    4. 44B. Undertakings relating to emergency protection orders.

    5. 45. Duration of emergency protection orders and other supplemental provisions.

    6. 46. Removal and accommodation of children by police in cases of emergency.

    7. 47. Local authority’s duty to investigate.

    8. 48. Powers to assist in discovery of children who may be in need of emergency protection.

    9. 49. Abduction of children in care etc.

    10. 50. Recovery of abducted children etc.

    11. 51. Refuges for children at risk.

    12. 52. Rules and regulations.

  7. Part VI Community Homes

    1. 53. Provision of community homes by local authorities.

    2. 54. Directions that premises be no longer used for community home.

    3. 55. Determination of disputes relating to controlled and assisted community homes.

    4. 56. Discontinuance by voluntary organisation of controlled or assisted community home.

    5. 57. Closure by local authority of controlled or assisted community home.

    6. 58. Financial provisions applicable on cessation of controlled or assisted community home or disposal etc. of premises.

  8. Part VII Voluntary Homes and Voluntary Organisations

    1. 59.` Provision of accommodation by voluntary organisations.

    2. 60. Registration and regulation of voluntary homes.

    3. 61. Duties of voluntary organisations.

    4. 62. Duties of local authorities.

  9. Part VIII Registered Children’s Homes

    1. 63. Children not to be cared for and accommodated in unregistered children’s homes.

    2. 64. Welfare of children in children’s homes.

    3. 65.2 Persons disqualified from carrying on, or being employed in children’s homes.

    4. 65A. Appeal against refusal of authority to give consent under section 65.

  10. PART IX PRIVATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR FOSTERING CHILDREN

    1. 66. Privately fostered children.

    2. 67. Welfare of privately fostered children.

    3. 68. Persons disqualified from being private foster parents.

    4. 69. Power to prohibit private fostering.

    5. 70. Offences.

  11. Part X Child Minding and Day Care for Young Children

    1. 71. Registration.

    2. 72. Requirements to be complied with by child minders.

    3. 73. Requirements to be complied with by persons providing day care for young children.

    4. 74. Cancellation of registration.

    5. 75. Protection of children in an emergency.

    6. 76. Inspection.

    7. 77. Appeals.

    8. 78. Offences.

    9. 79. Application of this Part to Scotland.

  12. Part XA Child Minding and Day Care for Children in . . . Wales

    1. Introductory

      1. 79A. Child minders and day care providers.

      2. 79B. Other definitions, etc.

    2. Regulations

      1. 79C. Regulations etc. governing child minders and day care providers.

    3. Registration

      1. 79D. Requirement to register.

      2. 79E. Applications for registration.

      3. 79F. Grant or refusal of registration.

      4. 79G. Cancellation of registration.

      5. 79H. Suspension of registration.

      6. 79J. Resignation of registration.

      7. 79K. Protection of children in an emergency.

      8. 79L. Notice of intention to take steps.

      9. 79M. Appeals.

    4. Inspection: England

      1. 79N. General functions of the Chief Inspector.

      2. 79P. Early years child care inspectorate.

      3. 79Q. Inspection of provision of child minding and day care in England.

      4. 79R. Reports of inspections.

    5. Inspection: Wales

      1. 79S. General functions of the Assembly.

      2. 79T. Inspection: Wales.

    6. Supplementary

      1. 79U. Rights of entry etc.

      2. 79V. Function of local authorities.

    7. Checks on suitability of persons working with children over the age of seven

      1. 79W. Requirement for certificate of suitability.

    8. Time limit for proceedings

      1. 79X. Time limit for proceedings.

  13. Part XI Secretary of State’s Supervisory Functions and Responsibilities

    1. 80. Inspection of children’s homes etc. by persons authorised by Secretary of State.

    2. 81. Inquiries.

    3. 82. Financial support by Secretary of State.

    4. 83. Research and returns of information.

    5. 84. Local authority failure to comply with statutory duty: default power of Secretary of State.

  14. Part XII Miscellaneous and General

    1. Notification of children accommodated in certain establishments

      1. 85. Children accommodated by health authorities and local education authorities.

      2. 86. Children accommodated in care homes or independent hospitals.

      3. 86A.Visitors for children notified to local authority under section 85 or 86

      4. 87.Welfare of children in boarding schools and colleges.

      5. 87A. Suspension of duty under section 87(3).

      6. 87B. Duties of inspectors under section 87A.

      7. 87C. Boarding schools: national minimum standards.

      8. 87D. Annual fee for boarding school inspections.

    2. Adoption

      1. 88. Amendments of adoption legislation.

    3. Paternity tests

      1. 89. Tests to establish paternity.

    4. Criminal care and supervision orders

      1. 90. Care and supervision orders in criminal proceedings.

    5. Effect and duration of orders etc.

      1. 91. Effect and duration of orders etc.

    6. Jurisdiction and procedure etc.

      1. 92. Jurisdiction of courts.

      2. 93. Rules of court.

      3. 94. Appeals.

      4. 95. Attendance of child at hearing under Part IV or V.

      5. 96. Evidence given by, or with respect to, children.

      6. 97. Privacy for children involved in certain proceedings.

      7. 98. Self-incrimination.

      8. 99. Legal aid.

      9. 100. Restrictions on use of wardship jurisdiction.

      10. 101. Effect of orders as between England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man.

    7. Search warrants

      1. 102. Power of constable to assist in exercise of certain powers to search for children or inspect premises.

    8. General

      1. 103. Offences by bodies corporate.

      2. 104. Regulations and orders.

      3. 104A.Regulations and orders made by the Welsh Ministers under Part 3 etc.

      4. 105. Interpretation.

      5. 106. Financial provisions.

      6. 107. Application to Channel Islands.

      7. 108. Short title, commencement extent etc.

  15. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE A1

      Enforcement orders

      1. Part 1 Unpaid work requirement

        1. General

          1. 1.Subject to the modifications in paragraphs 2 and 3, Chapter...

        2. References to an offender

          1. 2.Subject to paragraph 3, references in Chapter 4 of Part...

        3. Specific modifications

          1. 3.(1) The power of the Secretary of State by order...

      2. Part 2 Revocation, amendment or breach of enforcement order

        1. Power to revoke

          1. 4.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        2. Amendment by reason of change of residence

          1. 5.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        3. Amendment of hours specified under unpaid work requirement

          1. 6.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        4. Amendment to extend unpaid work requirement

          1. 7.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        5. Warning and report following breach

          1. 8.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        6. Breach of an enforcement order

          1. 9.(1) This paragraph applies where a court has made an...

        7. Provision relating to amendment of enforcement orders

          1. 10.Sections 11L(2) to (7) and 11M have effect in relation...

    2. SCHEDULE 1

      Financial Provision for Children

      1. Orders for financial relief against parents

        1. 1.(1) On an application made by a parent , guardian...

      2. Orders for financial relief for persons over eighteen

        1. 2.(1) If, on an application by a person who has...

      3. Duration of orders for financial relief

        1. 3.(1) The term to be specified in an order for...

      4. Matters to which court is to have regard in making orders for financial relief

        1. 4.(1) In deciding whether to exercise its powers under paragraph...

      5. Provisions relating to lump sums

        1. 5.(1) Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph 1, an...

      6. Variation etc. of orders for periodical payments

        1. 6.(1) In exercising its powers under paragraph 1 or 2...

      7. Variation of orders for periodical payments etc. made by magistrates’ courts

        1. 6A.(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (7) and (8), the power of...

      8. Variation of orders for secured periodical payments after death of parent

        1. 7.(1) Where the parent liable to make payments under a...

      9. Financial relief under other enactments

        1. 8.(1) This paragraph applies where a residence order or a...

      10. Interim orders

        1. 9.(1) Where an application is made under paragraph 1 or...

      11. Alteration of maintenance agreements

        1. 10.(1) In this paragraph and in paragraph 11 “maintenance agreement”...

        2. 11.(1) Where a maintenance agreement provides for the continuation, after...

      12. Enforcement of orders for maintenance

        1. 12.(1) Any person for the time being under an obligation...

      13. Direction for settlement of instrument by conveyancing counsel

        1. 13.Where the High Court or a county court decides to...

      14. Financial provision for child resident in country outside England and Wales

        1. 14.(1) Where one parent of a child lives in England...

      15. Local authority contribution to child’s maintenance

        1. 15.(1) Where a child lives, or is to live, with...

      16. Interpretation

        1. 16.(1) In this Schedule “child” includes, in any case where...

    3. SCHEDULE 2

      Local Authority Support for Children and Families

      1. Part I Provision of Services for Families

        1. Identification of children in need and provision of information

          1. 1.(1) Every local authority shall take reasonable steps to identify...

        2. Children’s services plans

          1. 1A.(1) Every local authority shall, on or before 31st March...

        3. Maintenance of a register of disabled children

          1. 2.(1) Every local authority shall open and maintain a register...

        4. Assessment of children’s needs

          1. 3.Where it appears to a local authority that a child...

        5. Prevention of neglect and abuse

          1. 4.(1) Every local authority shall take reasonable steps, through the...

        6. Provision of accommodation in order to protect child

          1. 5.(1) Where— (a) it appears to a local authority that...

        7. Provision for disabled children

          1. 6.(1) Every local authority shall provide services designed—

        8. Provision to reduce need for care proceedings etc.

          1. 7.Every local authority shall take reasonable steps designed—

        9. Provision for children living with their families

          1. 8.Every local authority shall make such provision as they consider...

        10. Provision for accommodated children

          1. 8A.(1) Every local authority shall make provision for such services...

        11. Family centres

          1. 9.(1) Every local authority shall provide such family centres as...

        12. Maintenance of the family home

          1. 10.Every local authority shall take such steps as are reasonably...

        13. Duty to consider racial groups to which children in need belong

          1. 11.Every local authority shall, in making any arrangements—

      2. Part II Children Looked After By Local Authorities

        1. Regulations as to placing of children with local authority foster parents

          1. 12.Regulations under section 23(2)(a) may, in particular, make provision—

        2. Regulations as to arrangements under section 23(2)(f)

          1. 13.Regulations under section 23(2)(f) may, in particular, make provision as...

        3. Regulations as to conditions under which child in care is allowed to live with parent, etc.

          1. 14.Regulations under section 23(5) may, in particular, impose requirements on...

        4. Regulations as to conditions under which child in care is allowed to live with parent, etc

          1. 12A.Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, impose requirements on...

        5. Regulations as to placements of a kind specified in section 22C(6)(d)

          1. 12B.Regulations under section 22C as to placements of the kind...

        6. Placements out of area

          1. 12C.Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, impose requirements which...

        7. Avoidance of disruption in education

          1. 12D.(1) Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, impose requirements...

        8. Regulations as to placing of children with local authority foster parents

          1. 12E.Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, make provision—

          2. 12F.(1) Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, also make...

          3. 12G.Regulations under section 22C may, in particular, also make provision...

        9. Promotion and maintenance of contact between child and family

          1. 15.(1) Where a child is being looked after by a...

        10. Visits to or by children: expenses

          1. 16.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a child is being...

        11. Appointment of visitor for child who is not being visited

          1. 17.(1) Where it appears to a local authority in relation...

        12. Power to guarantee apprenticeship deeds etc.

          1. 18.(1) While a child is being looked after by a...

        13. Arrangements to assist children to live abroad

          1. 19.(1) A local authority may only arrange for, or assist...

        14. Preparation for ceasing to be looked after

          1. 19A.It is the duty of the local authority looking after...

          2. 19B.(1) A local authority shall have the following additional functions...

          3. 19C.A local authority shall arrange for each child whom they...

        15. Death of children being looked after by local authorities

          1. 20.(1) If a child who is being looked after by...

      3. Part III Contributions Towards Maintenance of Children Looked After by Local Authorities

        1. Liability to contribute

          1. 21.(1) Where a local authority are looking after a child...

        2. Agreed contributions

          1. 22.(1) Contributions towards a child’s maintenance may only be recovered...

        3. Contribution orders

          1. 23.(1) Where a contributor has been served with a contribution...

        4. Enforcement of contribution orders etc.

          1. 24.(1) A contribution order made by a magistrates’ court shall...

        5. Regulations

          1. 25.The appropriate national authority may make regulations—

    4. SCHEDULE 3

      Supervision Orders

      1. Part I General

        1. Meaning of “responsible person"

          1. 1.In this Schedule, “the responsible person”, in relation to a...

        2. Power of supervisor to give directions to supervised child

          1. 2.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child to...

        3. Imposition of obligations on responsible person

          1. 3.(1) With the consent of any responsible person, a supervision...

        4. Psychiatric and medical examinations

          1. 4.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child—

        5. Psychiatric and medical treatment

          1. 5.(1) Where a court which proposes to make or vary...

      2. Part II Miscellaneous

        1. Life of supervision order

          1. 6.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) and section 91, a supervision...

        2. Limited life of directions

          1. 7.. . . . . . . . . ....

        3. Information to be given to supervisor etc.

          1. 8.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child—

        4. Selection of supervisor

          1. 9.(1) A supervision order shall not designate a local authority...

        5. Effect of supervision order on earlier orders

          1. 10.The making of a supervision order with respect to any...

        6. Local authority functions and expenditure

          1. 11.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations with respect...

      3. Part III Education supervision orders

        1. Effect of orders

          1. 12.(1) Where an education supervision order is in force with...

          2. 13.(1) Where an education supervision order is in force with...

        2. Effect where child also subject to supervision order

          1. 14.(1) This paragraph applies where an education supervision order and...

        3. Duration of orders

          1. 15.(1) An education supervision order shall have effect for a...

        4. Information to be given to supervisor etc.

          1. 16.(1) An education supervision order may require the child—

        5. Discharge of orders

          1. 17.(1) The court may discharge any education supervision order on...

        6. Offences

          1. 18.(1) If a parent of a child with respect to...

        7. Persistent failure of child to comply with directions

          1. 19.(1) Where a child with respect to whom an education...

        8. Miscellaneous

          1. 20.The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision modifying,...

        9. Interpretation

          1. 21.In this Part of this Schedule “parent” has the same...

    5. SCHEDULE 4

      Management and Conduct of Community Homes

      1. Part I Instruments of Management

        1. Instruments of management for controlled and assisted community homes

          1. 1.(1) The Secretary of State may by order make an...

          2. 2.(1) An instrument of management shall contain such provisions as...

      2. Part II Management of Controlled and Assisted Community Homes

        1. 3.(1) The management, equipment and maintenance of a controlled community...

      3. Part III Regulations

        1. 4.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

    6. SCHEDULE 5

      Voluntary Homes and Voluntary Organisations

      1. Part I Registration of Voluntary Homes

        1. General

          1. 1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. Procedure

          1. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. Right to make representations

          1. 3.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        4. Decision of Secretary of State

          1. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        5. Appeals

          1. 5.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        6. Notification of particulars with respect to voluntary homes

          1. 6.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. Part II Regulations as to Voluntary Homes

        1. Regulations as to conduct of voluntary homes

          1. 7.(1) The appropriate national authority may make regulations—

        2. Disqualification

          1. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    7. SCHEDULE 6

      Private Children’s Homes

      1. Part I Registration

        1. Application for registration

          1. 1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. Conditions imposed on registration

          1. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. Annual review of registration

          1. 3.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        4. Cancellation of registration

          1. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        5. Procedure

          1. 5.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        6. Right to make representations

          1. 6.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        7. Decision of local authority

          1. 7.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        8. Appeals

          1. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        9. Prohibition on further applications

          1. 9.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. Part II Regulations

        1. 10.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

    8. SCHEDULE 7

      Foster Parents: Limits on Number of Foster Children

      1. Interpretation

        1. 1.For the purposes of this Schedule, a person fosters a...

      2. The usual fostering limit

        1. 2.Subject to what follows, a person may not foster more...

      3. Siblings

        1. 3.A person may exceed the usual fostering limit if the...

      4. Exemption by local authority

        1. 4.(1) A person may exceed the usual fostering limit if...

      5. Effect of exceeding fostering limit

        1. 5.(1) A person shall cease to be treated , for...

      6. Complaints etc.

        1. 6.(1) Every local authority shall establish a procedure for considering...

    9. SCHEDULE 8

      Privately Fostered Children

      1. Exemptions

        1. 1.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        2. 2.(1) A child is not a privately fostered child while...

        3. 3.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        4. 4.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        5. 5.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

      2. Power of local authority to impose requirements

        1. 6.(1) Where a person is fostering any child privately, or...

      3. Regulations requiring notification of fostering etc.

        1. 7.(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision...

        2. 7A.Every local authority must promote public awareness in their area...

      4. Appeals

        1. 8.(1) A person aggrieved by— (a) a requirement imposed under...

      5. Extension of Part IX to certain school children during holidays

        1. 9.(1) Where a child under sixteen who is a pupil...

      6. Prohibition of advertisements relating to fostering

        1. 10.No advertisement indicating that a person will undertake, or will...

      7. Avoidance of insurances on lives of privately fostered children

        1. 11.A person who fosters a child privately and for reward...

    10. SCHEDULE 9

      1. Applications for registration

        1. 1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. Disqualification from registration

        1. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. Exemption of certain schools

        1. 3.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. Exemption for other establishments

        1. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      5. Exemption for occasional facilities

        1. 5.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      6. Certificates of registration

        1. 6.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. Fees for annual inspection of premises

        1. 7.(1) Where— (a) a person is registered under section 71,...

      8. Co-operation between authorities

        1. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    11. SCHEDULE 9A

      Child Minding and Day Care for Young Children in Wales

      1. Exemption of certain schools

        1. 1.(1) Except in prescribed circumstances, Part XA does not apply...

      2. Exemption for other establishments

        1. 2.(1) Part XA does not apply to provision of day...

        2. 2A.(1) Part XA does not apply to provision of day...

      3. Exemption for occasional facilities

        1. 3.(1) Where day care is provided on particular premises on...

      4. Disqualification for registration

        1. 4.(1) Regulations may provide for a person to be disqualified...

        2. 5.(1) If any person— (a) acts as a child minder...

      5. Provision of day care: unincorporated associations

        1. 5A.(1) References in Part XA to a person, so far...

      6. Certificates of registration

        1. 6.(1) If an application for registration is granted, the Assembly...

      7. . . . fees

        1. 7.Regulations may require registered persons to pay to the Assembly...

      8. Co-operation between authorities

        1. 8.(1) Where it appears to the Chief Inspector that any...

    12. SCHEDULE 10

      Amendments of Adoption Legislation

      1. Part I Amendments of Adoption Act 1976 (c. 36)

        1. 1.In section 2 (local authorities’ social services) for the words...

        2. 2.In section 11 (restrictions on arranging adoptions and placing of...

        3. 3.(1) In section 12 (adoption orders), in subsection (1) for...

        4. 4.For section 14(1) (adoption by married couple) there shall be...

        5. 5.(1) In section 16 (parental agreement), in subsection (1) for...

        6. 6.(1) In section 18 (freeing child for adoption), after subsection...

        7. 7.In section 19(2) (progress reports to former parents) for the...

        8. 8.(1) In section 20 (revocation of section 18 order), in...

        9. 9.For section 21 (transfer of parental rights and duties between...

        10. 1 0.(1) In section 22 (notification to local authority of adoption...

        11. 11.In section 25(1) (interim orders) for the words “vesting the...

        12. 12.In— (a) section 27(1) and (2) (restrictions on removal where...

        13. 13.After section 27(2) there shall be inserted—

        14. 14.(1) After section 28(2) there shall be inserted—

        15. 15.In section 29 (return of child taken away in breach...

        16. 16.(1) In section 30 (return of children placed for adoption...

        17. 17.(1) In section 31 (application of section 30 where child...

        18. 18.(1) In section 32 (meaning of “protected child"), in subsection...

        19. 19.(1) In section 35 (notices and information to be given...

        20. 20.(1) In section 51 (disclosure of birth records of adopted...

        21. 21.After section 51 there shall be inserted— Adoption Contact Register....

        22. 22.(1) In section 55 (adoption of children abroad), in subsection...

        23. 23.(1) In section 56 (restriction on removal of children for...

        24. 24.(1) In section 57 (prohibition on certain payments) in subsection...

        25. 25.After section 57 there shall be inserted— Permitted allowances. (1) The Secretary of State may make regulations for the...

        26. 26.(1) In section 59 (effect of determination and orders made...

        27. 27.In section 60 (evidence of adoption in Scotland and Northern...

        28. 28.In section 62(5)(b) (courts), for the words from “section 8"...

        29. 29.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        30. 30.(1) Section 72(1) (interpretation) shall be amended as follows.

        31. 31.For section 74(3) and (4) (extent) there shall be substituted—...

      2. Part II Amendments of Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978 (c. 28)

        1. 32.In section 11 (restrictions on arranging of adoptions and placing...

        2. 33.For section 14(1) (adoption by married couple) there shall be...

        3. 34.In section 16(1)(a) (parental agreement) for the words from “in...

        4. 35.In section 18(5) (effect of order freeing child for adoption)...

        5. 36.In section 20(3)(c) (revocation of section 18 order) the words...

        6. 37.For section 21 (transfer of parental rights and duties between...

        7. 38.In section 22(4) (notification to local authority of adoption application)...

        8. 39.In section 29 (return of child taken away in breach...

        9. 40.In section 32 (meaning of “protected child”), at the end...

        10. 41.In section 45 (adopted children register)— (a) for the words...

        11. 42.In section 49 (adoption of children abroad)—

        12. 43.In section 50(1) (restriction on removal of children for adoption...

        13. 44.In section 53(1) (effect of determination and orders made in...

        14. 45.In section 54(b) (evidence of adoption in Northern Ireland) for...

        15. 46.In section 65(1) (interpretation)— (a) in the definition of “adoption...

    13. SCHEDULE 11

      Jurisdiction

      1. Part I General

        1. Commencement of proceedings

          1. 1.(1) The Lord Chancellor may , after consulting the Lord...

        2. Transfer of proceedings

          1. 2.(1) The Lord Chancellor may , after consulting the Lord...

        3. Hearings by single justice

          1. 3.(1) In such circumstances as the Lord Chancellor may ,...

        4. General

          1. 4.(1) For the purposes of this Schedule—

      2. Part II Consequential Amendments

        1. The Administration of Justice Act 1964 (c. 42)

          1. 5.In section 38 of the Administration of Justice Act 1964...

        2. The Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates’ Courts Act 1978 (c. 22)

          1. 6.In the Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates’ Courts Act 1978—

        3. The Justices of the Peace Act 1979 (c. 55)

          1. 7.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        4. The Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

          1. 8.In the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980— (a) in section 65(1)...

        5. The Senior Courts Act 1981 (c. 54)

          1. 9.In paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Senior Courts...

        6. The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 (c. 42)

          1. 10.In section 44 of the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act...

        7. The Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45)

          1. 11.(1) In section 281(5)(b) of the Insolvency Act 1986 (discharge...

    14. SCHEDULE 12

      Minor Amendments

      1. The Custody of Children Act 1891 (c. 3)

        1. 1.The Custody of Children Act 1891 (which contains miscellaneous obsolete...

      2. The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

        1. 2.In section 1(2)(a) of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 3.Section 40 of that Act shall cease to have effect....

      3. The Education Act 1944 (c. 31)

        1. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. The Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)

        1. 5.(1) In section 3 of the Marriage Act 1949 (consent...

      5. The Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20)

        1. 6.(1) Sections 10 and 10A of the Births and Deaths...

      6. The Army Act 1955 (c. 18)

        1. 7.In section 151 of the Army Act 1955 (deductions from...

        2. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. The Air Force Act 1955 (c. 19)

        1. 9.Section 151(1A) of the Air Force Act 1955 (deductions from...

        2. 10.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      8. The Sexual Offences Act 1956 (c. 69)

        1. 11.In section 19(3) of the Sexual Offences Act 1956 (abduction...

        2. 12.In section 20(2) of that Act (abduction of unmarried girl...

        3. 13.In section 21(3) of that Act (abduction of defective from...

        4. 14.In section 28 of that Act (causing or encouraging prostitution...

        5. 15.Section 38 of that Act (power of court to divest...

        6. 16.(1) In section 43 of that Act (power to search...

        7. 17.After section 46 of that Act there shall be inserted—...

      9. The Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53)

        1. 18.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      10. The Children and Young Persons Act 1963 (c. 37)

        1. 19.Section 3 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1963...

      11. The Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (c. 54)

        1. 20.In section 5 of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 21.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. 22.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        4. 23.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        5. 24.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        6. 25.. . . . . . . . . ....

        7. 26.For section 23 of that Act (remand to care of...

        8. 27.(1) In section 32 of that Act (detention of absentees),...

        9. 28.In section 34(1) of that Act (transitional modifications of Part...

        10. 29.In section 70(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

        11. 30.In section 73 of that Act (extent, etc.)—

      12. The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18)

        1. 31.For section 41 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (restrictions...

        2. 32.In section 42 of that Act, subsection (3) (declaration by...

        3. 33.In section 52(1) of that Act (interpretation), in the definition...

      13. The National Health Service Act 1977 (c. 49)

        1. 34.In Schedule 8 to the National Health Service Act 1977...

      14. The Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5)

        1. 35.Until the repeal of the Child Care Act 1980 by...

      15. The Education Act 1981 (c. 60)

        1. 36.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      16. The Child Abduction Act 1984 (c. 37)

        1. 37.(1) Section 1 of the Child Abduction Act 1984 (offence...

        2. 38.(1) In section 2 of that Act (offence of abduction...

        3. 39.At the end of section 3 of that Act (construction...

        4. 40.(1) The Schedule to that Act (modifications of section 1...

      17. The Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 56)

        1. 41.In section 1 of the Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984...

        2. 42.In section 2(2) of that Act (exceptions to section 1),...

        3. 43.In section 7(1) of that Act (persons disqualified from keeping...

      18. The Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986 (c. 33)

        1. 44.In section 2(5) of the Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and...

      19. The Legal Aid Act 1988 (c. 34)

        1. 45.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    15. SCHEDULE 13

      Consequential Amendments

      1. The Wills Act 1837 (c. 26)

        1. 1.In section 1 of the Wills Act 1837 (interpretation), in...

      2. The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

        1. 2.In section 1(1) of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 3.In the following sections of that Act—

        3. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        4. 5.For section 17 of that Act (interpretation of Part I)...

        5. 6.(1) In section 34 of that Act (attendance at court...

        6. 7.In section 107(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

      3. The Education Act 1944 (c. 31)

        1. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        2. 9.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. 10.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. The National Assistance Act 1948 (c. 29)

        1. 11.(1) In section 21(1)(a) of the National Assistance Act 1948...

      5. The Reserve and Auxiliary Forces (Protection of Civil Interests) Act 1951 (c. 65)

        1. 12.For section 2(1)(d) of the Reserve and Auxiliary Forces (Protection...

      6. The Mines and Quarries Act 1954 (c. 70)

        1. 13.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. The Administration of Justice Act 1960 (c. 65)

        1. 14.In section 12 of the Administration of Justice Act 1960...

      8. The Factories Act 1961 (c. 34)

        1. 15.In section 176(1) of the Factories Act 1961 (interpretation), in...

      9. The Criminal Justice Act 1967 (c. 80)

        1. 16.In section 67(1A)(c) of the Criminal Justice Act 1967 (computation...

      10. The Health Services and Public Health Act 1968 (c. 46)

        1. 17.(1) In section 64(3)(a) of the Health Services and Public...

      11. The Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 (c. 49)

        1. 18.In section 2(2) of the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968...

        2. 19.In section 5(2)(c) of that Act (power of Secretary of...

        3. 20.In section 21(3) of that Act (mode of provision of...

        4. 21.In section 74(6) of that Act (parent of child in...

        5. 22.In section 75(2) of that Act (parent of child subject...

        6. 23.In section 86(3) of that Act (meaning of ordinary residence...

      12. The Civil Evidence Act 1968 (c. 64)

        1. 24.. . . . . . . . . ....

      13. The Administration of Justice Act 1970 (c. 31)

        1. 25.. . . . . . . . . ....

      14. The Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 (c. 42)

        1. 26.(1) In Schedule 1 to the Local Authority Social Services...

      15. The Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (c. 44)

        1. 27.After section 28 of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons...

      16. The Courts Act 1971 (c. 23)

        1. 28.In Part I of Schedule 9 to the Courts Act...

      17. The Attachment of Earnings Act 1971 (c. 32)

        1. 29.In Schedule 1 to the Attachment of Earnings Act 1971...

      18. The Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 (c. 62)

        1. 30.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      19. The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70)

        1. 31.(1) In section 102(1) of the Local Government Act 1972...

      20. The Employment of Children Act 1973 (c. 24)

        1. 32.(1) In section 2 of the Employment of Children Act...

      21. The Domicile and Matrimonial Proceedings Act 1973 (c. 45)

        1. 33.(1) In Schedule 1 to the Domicile and Matrimonial Proceedings...

      22. The Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 (c. 62)

        1. 34.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      23. The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (c. 53)

        1. 35.(1) Section 7(2) of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974...

      24. The Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates’ Courts Act 1978 (c. 22)

        1. 36.For section 8 of the Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates’ Courts...

        2. 37.In section 19(3A)(b) (interim orders) for the words “subsections (2)...

        3. 38.For section 20(12) of that Act (variation and revocation of...

        4. 39.(1) For section 20A of that Act (revival of orders...

        5. 40.. . . . . . . . . ....

        6. 41.(1) In section 25 of that Act (effect on certain...

        7. 42.In section 29(5) of that Act (appeals) for the words...

        8. 43.In section 88(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

      25. The Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

        1. 44.(1) In section 59(2) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980...

      26. The Senior Courts Act 1981 (c. 54)

        1. 45.(1) In section 18 of the Senior Courts Act 1981...

      27. The Armed Forces Act 1981 (c. 55)

        1. 46.In section 14 of the Armed Forces Act 1981 (temporary...

      28. The Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (c. 27)

        1. 47.In paragraph 5(a) of Schedule 5 to the Civil Jurisdiction...

      29. The Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20)

        1. 48.(1) For section 27 of the Mental Health Act 1983...

      30. The Registered Homes Act 1984 (c. 23)

        1. 49.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      31. The Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 36)

        1. 50.For section 54 of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984...

      32. The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 (c. 42)

        1. 51.In section 38(2)(b) of the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act...

      33. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60)

        1. 52.In section 37(14) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act...

        2. 53.(1) In section 38 of that Act (duties of custody...

        3. 54.In section 39(4) of that Act (responsibilities in relation to...

        4. 55.In Schedule 2 to that Act (preserved powers of arrest)...

      34. The Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985 (c. 49)

        1. 56.In section 1(2)(b) of the Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985 (meaning...

      35. The Child Abduction and Custody Act 1985 (c. 60)

        1. 57.(1) In section 9(a) and 20(2)(a) of the Child Abduction...

      36. The Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986 (c. 33)

        1. 58.In section 1(3) of the Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and...

        2. 59.(1) Section 2 of that Act (circumstances in which authorised...

        3. 60.In section 5(7)(b) of that Act (disabled persons leaving special...

        4. 61.(1) In section 16 of that Act (interpretation) in the...

      37. The Family Law Act 1986 (c. 55)

        1. 62.(1) The Family Law Act 1986 shall be amended as...

        2. 63.(1) In section 1 (orders to which Part I of...

        3. 64.For section 2 there shall be substituted the following sections—...

        4. 65.(1) In section 3 (habitual residence or presence of child...

        5. 66.(1) In section 6 (duration and variation of Part I...

        6. 67.For section 7 (interpretation of Chapter II) there shall be...

        7. 68.In each of the following sections— (a) section 11(2)(a) (provisions...

        8. 69.In each of the following sections— (a) section 19(2) (jurisdiction...

        9. 70.In section 34(3) (power to order recovery of child) for...

        10. 71.(1) In section 42 (general interpretation of Part I), in...

      38. The Local Government Act 1988 (c. 9)

        1. 72.In Schedule 1 to the Local Government Act 1988 (competition)...

      39. Amendments of local Acts

        1. 73.(1) Section 16 of the Greater London Council (General Powers)...

        2. 74.(1) Section 10(2) of the Greater London Council (General Powers)...

    16. SCHEDULE 14

      Transitionals and Savings

      1. Pending proceedings, etc.

        1. 1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (1A) and (4), nothing in any...

        2. 2.Where, immediately before the day on which Part IV comes...

      2. CUSTODY ORDERS, ETC.

      3. Cessation of declarations of unfitness, etc.

        1. 3.Where, immediately before the day on which Parts I and...

      4. The Family Law Reform Act 1987 (c. 42)

      5. Conversion of orders under section 4

        1. 4.Where, immediately before the day on which Parts I and...

      6. Orders to which paragraphs 6 to 11 apply

        1. 5.(1) In paragraphs 6 to 11 “an existing order” means...

      7. Parental responsibility of parents

        1. 6.(1) Where— (a) a child’s father and mother were married...

      8. Persons who are not parents but who have custody or care and control

        1. 7.(1) Where a person who is not the parent or...

      9. Persons who have care and control

        1. 8.(1) Sub-paragraphs (2) to (6) apply where a person has...

      10. Persons who have access

        1. 9.(1) Sub-paragraphs (2) to (4) apply where a person has...

      11. Enforcement of certain existing orders

        1. 10.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies in relation to any existing order...

      12. Discharge of existing orders

        1. 11.(1) The making of a residence order or a care...

      13. GUARDIANS

      14. Existing guardians to be guardians under this Act

        1. 12.(1) Any appointment of a person as guardian of a...

      15. Appointment of guardian not yet in effect

        1. 13.Any appointment of a person to be a guardian of...

      16. Persons deemed to be appointed as guardians under existing wills

        1. 14.For the purposes of the Wills Act 1837 and of...

      17. CHILDREN IN CARE

      18. Children in compulsory care

        1. 15.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the day on...

      19. Modifications

        1. 16.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) only applies where a person who is...

      20. Cessation of wardship where ward in care

        1. 16A.(-) Where a child who is a ward of court...

      21. Children placed with parent etc. while in compulsory care

        1. 17.(1) This paragraph applies where a child is deemed by...

      22. Orders for access to children in compulsory care

        1. 18.(1) This paragraph applies to any access order—

        2. 18A.(1) This paragraph applies to any decision of a local...

        3. 19.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      23. Children in voluntary care

        1. 20.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the day on...

      24. Boarded out children

        1. 21.(1) Where, immediately before the day on which Part III...

      25. Children in care to qualify for advice and assistance

        1. 22.Any reference in Part III to a person qualifying for...

      26. Emigration of children in care

        1. 23.Where— (a) the Secretary of State has received a request...

      27. Contributions for maintenance of children in care

        1. 24.(1) Where, immediately before the day on which Part III...

      28. SUPERVISION ORDERS

        1. 25.(1) This paragraph applies to any supervision order—

      29. Other supervision orders

        1. 26.(1) This paragraph applies to any order for the supervision...

      30. Place of safety orders

        1. 27.(1) This paragraph applies to— (a) any order or warrant...

      31. Recovery of children

        1. 28.The repeal by this Act of subsection (1) of section...

        2. 29.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a summons has been...

        3. 30.The amendment by paragraph 27 of Schedule 12 of section...

      32. Voluntary organisations: Parental rights resolutions

        1. 31.(1) This paragraph applies to a resolution—

      33. Foster children

        1. 32.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) immediately before the commencement...

      34. Nurseries and child minding

        1. 33.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

        2. 34.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      35. Children accommodated in certain establishments

        1. 35.In calculating, for the purposes of section 85(1)(a) or 86(1)(a),...

      36. Criminal care orders

        1. 36.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      37. MISCELLANEOUS

      38. Consents under the Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)

        1. 37.(1) In the circumstances mentioned in sub-paragraph (2), section 3...

      39. The Children Act 1975 (c. 72)

        1. 38.The amendments of other enactments made by the following provisions...

      40. The Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5)

        1. 39.The amendment made to section 106(2)(a) of the Children and...

      41. Legal aid

        1. 40.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    17. SCHEDULE 15

      Repeals