Search Legislation

Children Act 1989

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Children Act 1989. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Children Act 1989

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Commencement Orders

This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.

PART IXE+W PRIVATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR FOSTERING CHILDREN

66 Privately fostered children.E+W

(1)In this Part—

(a)a privately fostered child” means a child who is under the age of sixteen and who is cared for, and provided with accommodation [F1in their own home] by, someone other than—

(i)a parent of his;

(ii)a person who is not a parent of his but who has parental responsibility for him; or

(iii)a relative of his; and

(b)to foster a child privately” means to look after the child in circumstances in which he is a privately fostered child as defined by this section.

(2)A child is not privately fostered child if the person caring for and accommodating him—

(a)has done so for a period a period of less than 28 days; and

(b)does not intend to do so for any longer period.

(3)Subsection (1) is subject to —

(a)the provisions of section 63; and

(b)the exceptions made by paragraph 1 to 5 of Schedule 8.

(4)In the case of a child who is disabled, subsection (1)(a) shall have effect as if for “sixteen”there were substituted “eighteen”.

[F2(4A)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision as to the circumstances in which a person who provides accommodation to a child is, or is not, to be treated as providing him with accommodation in the person’s own home.]

(5)Schedule 8 shall have effect for the purposes of supplementing the provision made by this Part.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 66(1)(a) inserted (1.1.2001 for E. and 28.2.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 14, s. 116, Sch. 4 para. 14(15)(a); S.I. 2000/2795, art. 2(2)(b), S.I. 2001/139, art. 2(2)(b)

F2S. 66(4A) inserted (1.1.2001 for E. and 28.2.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 14, s. 116, Sch. 4 para. 14(15)(b); S.I. 2000/2795, art. 2(2)(b), S.I. 2001/139, art. 2(2)(b)

Commencement Information

I1S. 66 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

67 Welfare of privately fostered children.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of every local authority to satisfy themselves that the welfare of children who are [F3or are proposed to be] privately fostered within their area is being [F4or will be] satisfactorily safeguarded and promoted and to secure that such advice is given to those [F5concerned with] them as appears to the authority to be needed.

(2)The Secretary of State may make regulations—

(a)requiring every child who is privately fostered within a local authority’s area to be visited by an officer of the authority—

(i)in prescribed circumstances; and

(ii)on specified occasions or within specified periods; and

(b)imposing requirements which are to be met by any local authority, or officer of a local authority, in carrying out functions under this section.

[F6(2A)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) may impose requirements as to the action to be taken by a local authority for the purposes of discharging their duty under subsection (1) where they have received notification of a proposal that a child be privately fostered.]

(3)Where any person who is authorised by a local authority to visit [F7for the purpose] has reasonable cause to believe that—

(a)any privately fostered child is being accommodated in premises within the authority’s area; or

(b)it is proposed to accommodate any such child in any such premises,

he may at any reasonable time inspect those premises and any children there.

(4)Any person exercising the power under subsection (3) shall, if so required, produce some duly authenticated document showing his authority to do so.

(5)Where a local authority are not satisfied that the welfare of any child who is [F8or is proposed to be] privately fostered within their area is being [F9or will be] satisfactorily safeguarded or promoted they shall—

(a) unless they consider that it would not be in the best interests of the child, take such steps as are reasonably practicable to secure that the care and accommodation of the child is undertaken by—

(i)a parent of his;

(ii)any person who is not a parent of his but who has

parental responsibility for him; or

(iii)a relative of his; and

(b)consider the extent to which (if at all) they should exercise any of their functions under this Act with respect to the child.

[F10(6)The Secretary of State may make regulations requiring a local authority to monitor the way in which the authority discharge their functions under this Part (and the regulations may in particular require the authority to appoint an officer for that purpose).]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F3Words in s. 67(1) inserted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(2)(a); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F4Words in s. 67(1) inserted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(2)(b); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F5Words in s. 67(1) substituted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(2)(c); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F6S. 67(2A) inserted (1.4.2005 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(3); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(2)(d)(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F7Words in s. 67(3) substituted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(4); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F8Words in s. 67(5) inserted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(5)(a); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F9Words in s. 67(5) inserted (1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(5)(b); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

F10S. 67(6) inserted (1.4.2005 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.7.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), s. 44(6); S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(2)(d)(3)(a); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 67(2)-(6): power to amend conferred (15.1.2005) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 45-47

Commencement Information

I2S. 67 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

68 Persons disqualified from being private foster parents.E+W

(1)Unless he has disclosed the fact to the appropriate local authority and obtained their written consent, a person shall not foster a child privately if he is disqualified from doing so by regulations made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this section.

(2)The regulations may, in particular, provide for a person to be so disqualified where—

(a)an order of a kind specified in the regulations has been made at any time with respect to him;

(b)an order of a kind so specified has been made at any time with respect to any child who has been in his care;

(c)a requirement of a kind so specified has been imposed at any time with respect to any such child, under or by virtue of any enactment;

(d)he has been convicted of any offence of a kind so specified, orF11. . . discharged absolutely or conditionally for any such offence;

(e)a prohibition has been imposed on him at any time under section 69 or under any other specified enactment;

(f)his rights and powers with respect to a child have at any time been vested in a specified authority under a specified enactment.

[F12(2A)A conviction in respect of which a probation order was made before 1st October 1992 (which would not otherwise be treated as a conviction) is to be treated as a conviction for the purposes of subsection (2)(d).]

(3)Unless he has disclosed the fact to the appropriate local authority and obtained their written consent, a person shall not foster a child privately if—

(a)he lives in the same household as a person who is himself prevented from fostering a child by subsection (1); or

(b)he lives in a household at which any such person is employed.

[F13(3A)A person shall not foster a child privately if—

(a)he is barred from regulated activity relating to children (within the meaning of section 3(2) of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006); or

(b)he lives in the same household as a person who is barred from such activity.]

(4)Where an authority refuse to give their consent under this section, they shall inform the applicant by a written notice which states—

(a)the reason for the refusal;

(b)the applicant’s right under paragraph 8 of Schedule 8 to appeal against the refusal; and

(c)the time within which he may do so.

(5)In this section—

  • the appropriate authority” means the local authority within whose area it is proposed to foster the child in question; and

  • enactment” means any enactment having effect, at any time, in any part of the United Kingdom.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F11Words in s. 68(2)(d) repealed (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 304, 332, Sch. 32 Pt. 1 para. 60(2), Sch. 37 Pt. 7; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 paras. 42(24), 44(4)(j) (subject to transitional provisions and savings in Sch. 2)

F12S. 68(2A) inserted (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c.44), s. 304, Sch. 32 Pt. 1 para. 60(3); S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 42(24) (subject to transitional provisions and savings in Sch. 2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 68: power to amend conferred (15.1.2005) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 45-47

Commencement Information

I3S. 68 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

69 Power to prohibit private fostering.E+W

(1)This section applies where a person—

(a)proposes to foster a child privately; or

(b)is fostering a child privately.

(2)Where the local authority for the area within which the child is proposed to be, or is being, fostered are of the opinion that—

(a)he is not a suitable person to foster a child;

(b)the premises in which the child will be, or is being, accommodated are not suitable; or

(c)it would be prejudicial to the welfare of the child for him to be, or continue to be accommodated by that person in those premises,

the authority may impose a prohibition on him under subsection (3).

(3)A prohibition imposed on any person under this subsection may prohibit him from fostering privately—

(a)any child in any premises within the area of the local authority; or

(b)any child in premises specified in the prohibition.

(c)a child identified in the prohibition, in premises specified in the prohibition.

(4)A local authority who have imposed a prohibition on any person under subsection (3) may, if they think fit, cancel the prohibition—

(a)of their own motion; or

(b)on an application made by that person,

if they are satisfied that the prohibition is no longer justified.

(5)Where a local authority impose a requirement on any person under paragraph 6 of Schedule 8, they may also impose a prohibition on him under subsection (3).

(6)Any prohibition imposed by virtue of subsection (5) shall not have effect unless—

(a)the time specified for compliance with the requirement has expired; and

(b)the requirement has not been compiled with.

(7)A prohibition imposed under this section shall be imposed by notice in writing addressed to the person on whom it is imposed and informing him of—

(a)the reason for imposing the prohibition;

(b)his right under paragraph 8 of Schedule 8 to appeal against the prohibition; and

(c)the time within which he may do so.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 69: power to amend conferred (15.1.2005) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 45-47

Commencement Information

I4S. 69 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

70 Offences.E+W

(1)A person shall be guilty of an offence if—

(a)being required, under any provision made by or under this Part, to give any notice or information—

(i)he fails without reasonable excuse to give the notice within the time specified in that provision; or

(ii)he fails without reasonable excuse to give the information within a reasonable time; or

(iii)he makes, or causes or procures another person to make, any statement in the notice or information which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular;

(b)he refuses to allow a privately fostered child to be visited by a duly authorised officer of a local authority;

(c)he intentionally obstructs another in the exercise of the power conferred by section 67(3);

(d)he contravenes section 68;

(e)he fails without reasonable excuse to comply with any requirement imposed by a local authority under this Part;

(f)he accommodates a privately fostered child in any premises in contravention of a prohibition imposed by a local authority under this Part;

(g)he knowingly causes to be published, or publishes, an advertisement which he knows contravenes paragraph 10 of Schedule 8.

(2)Where a person contravenes section 68(3), he shall not be guilty of an offence under this section if he proves that he did not know, and had no reasonable ground for believing, that any person to whom section 68(1) applied was living or employed in the premises in question.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(a) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(b), (c) or (g) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(d) or (f) shall be liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or to both.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(e) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(7)If any person who is required, under any provision of this Part, to give a notice fails to give the notice within the time specified in that provision, proceedings for the offence may be brought at any time within six months from the date when evidence of the offence came to the knowledge of the local authority.

(8)Subsection (7) is not affected by anything in section 127(1) of the M1Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (time limit for proceedings).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 70: power to amend conferred (15.1.2005) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 45-47

Commencement Information

I5S. 70 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

Marginal Citations

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enactedversion that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources