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Children Act 1989

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Children Act 1989, Section 87 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 11 December 2017. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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87[F1Welfare of children in boarding schools and colleges.]E+W

[F2(1)Where a school or college provides accommodation for any child, it shall be the duty of the relevant person to safeguard and promote the child’s welfare.

[F3(1A)For the purposes of this section and sections 87A to 87D, a school or college provides accommodation for a child if—

(a)it provides accommodation for the child on its own premises, or

(b)it arranges for accommodation for the child to be provided elsewhere (other than in connection with a residential trip away from the school).]

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a school or college which is a children’s home or care home.

(3)Where accommodation is provided for a child by any school or college the appropriate authority shall take such steps as are reasonably practicable to enable them to determine whether the child’s welfare is adequately safeguarded and promoted while [F4accommodation for the child is provided] by the school or college.

[F5(3A)Where accommodation is provided for a child by a school or college in England, the Secretary of State may at any time (including a time when the duty under subsection (3) is suspended by virtue of section 87A) direct the Chief Inspector for England to take the steps referred to in subsection (3).

(3B)Where accommodation is provided for a child by a school or college in Wales, the Welsh Ministers may, at any time when the duty under subsection (3) is suspended by virtue of section 87A, take the steps referred to in subsection (3).]

(4)Where [F6the Chief Inspector for England is] of the opinion that there has been a failure to comply with subsection (1) in relation to a child provided with accommodation by a school or [F7college in England, he shall]

(a)in the case of a school other than an independent school [F8, an alternative provision Academy that is not an independent school] or a special school, notify the [F9local authority] for the area in which the school is situated;

(b)in the case of a special school which is maintained by a [F9local authority], notify that authority;

(c)in any other case, notify the Secretary of State.

(4A)Where the National Assembly for Wales are of the opinion that there has been a failure to comply with subsection (1) in relation to a child provided with accommodation by a school or college [F10in Wales], they shall—

(a)in the case of a school other than an independent school or a special school, notify the [F9local authority] for the area in which the school is situated;

(b)in the case of a special school which is maintained by a [F9local authority], notify that authority.

(5)Where accommodation is, or is to be, provided for a child by any school or college, a person authorised by the appropriate authority may, for the purpose of enabling that authority to discharge [F11any of its functions] under this section, enter at any time premises which are, or are to be, premises of the school or college.]

(6)Any person [F12exercising] the power conferred by subsection (5) may carry out such inspection of premises, children and records as is prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this section.

(7)Any person exercising that power shall, if asked to do so, produce some duly authenticated document showing his authority to do so.

(8)Any person authorised by the regulations to inspect records—

(a)shall be entitled at any reasonable time to have access to, and inspect and check the operation of, any computer and any associated apparatus or material which is or has been in use in connection with the records in question; and

(b)may require—

(i)the person by whom or on whose behalf the computer is or has been so used; or

(ii)any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, the computer, apparatus or material,

to afford him such assistance as he may reasonably require.

(9)Any person who intentionally obstructs another in the exercise of any power conferred by this section or the regulations shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

[F13(9A)Where [F14the Chief Inspector for England] or the National Assembly for Wales exercises the power conferred by subsection (5) in relation to a child, [F15that authority must] publish a report on whether the child’s welfare is adequately safeguarded and promoted while [F16accommodation for the child is provided] by the school or college.

(9B)Where [F17the Chief Inspector for England] or the National Assembly for Wales publishes a report under this section, it must—

(a)send a copy of the report to the school or college concerned; and

(b)make copies of the report available for inspection at its offices by any person at any reasonable time.

(9C)Any person who requests a copy of a report published under this section is entitled to have one on payment of such reasonable fee (if any) as [F18the Chief Inspector for England] or the National Assembly for Wales (as the case may be) considers appropriate.]

[F19(10)In this section and sections 87A to 87D—

  • the 1992 Act ” means the M1 Further and Higher Education Act 1992;

  • appropriate authority ” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England, [F20the Chief Inspector for England];

    (b)

    in relation to Wales, the National Assembly for Wales;

  • [F21the Chief Inspector for England ” means Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education, Children's Services and Skills;]

  • college ” means an institution within the further education sector as defined in section 91 of the 1992 Act [F22 or a 16 to 19 Academy ] ;

  • F23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • further education corporation ” has the same meaning as in the 1992 Act;

  • [F9local authority] and “proprietor” have the same meanings as in the M2 Education Act 1996

  • [F24sixth form college corporation” has the same meaning as in the 1992 Act.]

(11) In this section and sections 87A and 87D “ relevant person ” means—

(a)in relation to an independent school [F25or an alternative provision Academy that is not an independent school], the proprietor of the school;

(b)in relation to any other school, or an institution designated under section 28 of the 1992 Act, the governing body of the school or institution;

(c)in relation to an institution conducted by a further education corporation [F26or sixth form college corporation], the corporation.

[F27(d)in relation to a 16 to 19 Academy, the proprietor of the Academy.]

(12)Where a person other than the proprietor of an independent school [F28 or an alternative provision Academy that is not an independent school] is responsible for conducting the school, references in this section to the relevant person include references to the person so responsible.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 87: sidenote substituted (1.4.2002 for E.) by 2000 c. 14, s. 116, Sch. 4 para. 14(21); S.I. 2001/4150, art. 3(3)(a) (subject to transitional provision in art. 4 of the commencing S.I. and to the amendment of art. 3 by S.I. 2002/1493, art. 6)

F2S. 87(1)-(5) substituted (20.11.2001 (E.) for specified purposes and 1.4.2002 (E.) in so far as not already in force and 1.2.2003 (W.)) by 2000 c. 14, ss. 105(2), 122; S.I. 2001/3852, art. 3(3)(a)(iii)(7)(h) (subject to transitional provision in Sch. 1 of the commencing S.I. (as amended by S.I. 2001/4150, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1493, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1790, art. 2; S.I. 2002/2001, arts. 2, 3; S.I. 2002/3210, art. 2 (with art. 4); S.I. 2005/3397, art. 2)); S.I. 2003/152, art. 2(2)

F4Words in s. 87(3) substituted (1.2.2012) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 43(2)(b), 82(3); S.I. 2012/84, art. 3

F5S. 87(3A)(3B) inserted (1.2.2012) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 43(2)(c), 82(3); S.I. 2012/84, art. 3

F11Words in s. 87(5) substituted (1.2.2012) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 43(2)(d), 82(3); S.I. 2012/84, art. 3

F12Words in s. 87(6) substituted (20.11.2001 (E.) for specified purposes and 1.4.2002 (E.) in so far as not already in force and 1.2.2003 (W.)) by 2000 c. 14, ss. 105(3), 122; S.I. 2001/3852, art. 3(3)(a)(iii)(7)(h) (subject to transitional provision in Sch. 1 of the commencing S.I. (as amended by S.I. 2001/4150, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1493, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1790, art. 2; S.I. 2002/2001, arts. 2, 3; S.I. 2002/3210, art. 2 (with art. 4); S.I. 2005/3397, art. 2)); S.I. 2003/152, art. 2(2)

F16Words in s. 87(9A) substituted (1.2.2012) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 43(2)(e), 82(3); S.I. 2012/84, art. 3

F19S. 87(10)(11)(12) substituted for s. 87(10) (20.11.2001 (E.) for specified purposes and 1.4.2002 (E.) in so far as not already in force and 1.2.2003 (W.)) by 2000 c. 14, ss. 105(4), 122; S.I. 2001/3852, art. 3(3)(a)(iii)(7)(h) (subject to transitional provision in Sch. 1 of the commencing S.I. (as amended by S.I. 2001/4150, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1493, art. 5; S.I. 2002/1790, art. 2; S.I. 2002/2001, arts. 2, 3; S.I. 2002/3210, art. 2 (with art. 4); S.I. 2005/3397, art. 2)); S.I. 2003/152, art. 2(2)

F21S. 87(10): definition of "the Chief Inspector for England" inserted (1.4.2007) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), ss. 157, 188, Sch. 14 para. 16(5)(b); S.I. 2007/935, art. 5(gg)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1 S. 87 wholly in force at 14.10.1991 see s. 108(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

Marginal Citations

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