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Oil Taxation Act 1975

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PART IE+W+S+N.I. PETROLEUM REVENUE TAX

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1See Finance Act 1986 (c. 41), s. 109(6); Advance Petroleum Revenue Tax Act 1986 (c. 68, SIF 63:1), s. 2(2)

Part I (ss. 1-12) applied (6.3.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 289(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12), ss. 199(7)(c), 289 (with ss. 60, 101(1), 171, 201(3)).

Part I (ss. 1-12) applied (6.3.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 289(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12), ss. 276(5), 289 (with ss. 60, 101(1), 171, 201(3)).

C2Part I (ss. 1-12) construed (16.7.1992) with s. 74 of Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 c. 48 by s. 74(6) of that 1992 Act.

Part I (ss. 1-12) construed (27.7.1993) with Pt. III (other than s. 194), of 1993 c. 34 by s. 195(3) of that 1993 Act.

Pt. I (ss. 1-12) construed (3.5.1994) with Pt. V of 1994 c. 9 by s. 257(2) of that 1994 Act

Pt. I (ss. 1-12) construed (27.7.1999) with ss. 95-97 by 1999 c. 16, s. 97(7)

Pt. I (ss. 1-12) construed (27.7.1999) with s. 98(7)(8) by 1999 c. 16, s. 98(7)

Pt. I (ss. 1-12) construed (11.5.2001) with s. 102(5)-(10) of 2001 c. 9 by s. 102(11) of that Act

Pt. I (ss. 1-12) construed (retrospective to 7.3.2001) with Sch. 32 of 2001 c. 9 by s. 101(4)(5), Sch. 32 para. 11 of that Act

1 Petroleum revenue tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A tax, to be known as petroleum revenue tax, shall be charged in accordance with this Part of this Act in respect of profits from oil won under the authority of a licence granted under either [F1Part I of the Petroleum Act 1998]or the M1Petroleum (Production) Act (Northern Ireland) 1964; and in this Part of this Act “oil” means any substance so won or capable of being so won other than methane gas won in the course of operations for making and keeping mines safe.

(2)For each oil field [F2which is a taxable field]the tax shall, in the case of each participator, be charged at the rate of [F3[F450] per cent.] on the assessable profit accruing to him in any chargeable period from that field, as reduced under section 7 of this Act by any allowable losses and under section 8 of this Act by reference to his share, if any, of the oil allowance for that period, subject however to the limit imposed in his case by section 9 of this Act.

(3)In relation to any oil field—

(a)the first chargeable period is the period ending at the end of the critical half year (including an unlimited time prior to the beginning of that half year); and

(b)each subsequent half year is a chargeable period.

(4)In this section—

  • the critical half year”, in relation to an oil field, means the first half year ending after 12th November 1974 at the end of which the total amount of oil ever won and saved from the field exceeds 1,000 [F5metric tonnes] (counting [F51,100 cubic metres] of gas at a temperature of 15 degrees centigrade and pressure of one atmosphere as equivalent to one [F5metric tonne]);

  • half year” means a period of six months ending at the end of June or December.

(5)Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect with respect to the determination of oil fields, and Schedule 2 to this Act shall have effect with respect to the management and collection of the tax; and this Part of this Act shall have effect subject to the further provisions in Schedule 3 to this Act and, in connection with certain gas sold to the British Gas Corporation, to section 10 of this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 1(2) inserted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 185(4)(a)

F3Words substituted by Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), s. 132(1) in relation to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1982

F4Word in s. 1(2) substituted (27.7.1993) (with respect to chargeable periods ending after 30.6.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 186(1)

F5Words substituted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 21(2) in relation to chargeable periods and half years ending after 31 December 1978

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 12(5) in relation to the charge of receipts attributable to the U.K. use of foreign fields assets received or receivable after 30 June 1982 and Sch. 1 para. 1(4) in relation to expenditure on associated assets used in connection with an external field

C5Definition applied for purposes of Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1), s. 500(5) Deduction of PRT in computing income for corporation tax purposes

Marginal Citations

2 Assessable profits and allowable losses.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of the tax the assessable profit or allowable loss accruing to a participator in any chargeable period from an oil field shall be computed in accordance with the following provisions of this section.

(2)The assessable profit or allowable loss so accruing in the period is the difference (if any) between the sum of the positive amounts for the period and the sum of the negative amounts for the period; and that difference (if any) is an assessable profit if the sum of the positive amounts is greater than the sum of the negative amounts, and is otherwise an allowable loss.

(3)For the period—

(a)the positive amounts for the purposes of this section are the following (as defined in this section), namely the gross profit (if any) accruing to the participator in the period, his licence credit (if any) for the period, and any amount to be credited to him for the period in respect of expenditure; and

(b)the negative amounts for those purposes are the following (as so defined) namely the gross loss (if any) so accruing, his licence debit (if any) for the period, and any amount to be debited to him for the period in respect of expenditure.

(4)[F6For the purposes of the tax (including advance petroleum revenue tax)] the gross profit or loss (if any) accruing to the participator in the period is the difference (if any) between—

(a)the aggregate of the amounts mentioned in subsection (5) below; and

(b)one-half of the market value, [F7in the last calendar month] of the preceding chargeable period, of so much of his share of oil won from the field as he had [F7at the end of that period] either—

(i)not disposed of and not relevantly appropriated; or

(ii)disposed of but not delivered,

and the difference (if any) is a gross profit if the said aggregate is greater than one-half of the said market value, and is otherwise a gross loss.

(5)[F8Subject to subsection (5A) below] the amounts referred to in subsection (4)(a) above are—

(a)the price received or receivable for so much of any oil won from the field and disposed of by him crude in sales at arm’s length as was delivered by him in the period (excluding oil delivered before 13th November 1974);

(b)the aggregate market value, ascertained in accordance with Schedule 3 to this Act, of so much of any oil [F9(not being light gases)]so won and disposed of by him crude otherwise than in sales at arm’s length as was delivered by him in the period (excluding oil delivered before 13th November 1974);

(c)the aggregate market value, ascertained in accordance with Schedule 3 to this Act, of so much of any oil [F9(not being light gases)]so won as was relevantly appropriated by him in the period without being disposed of (excluding oil so appropriated before 13th November 1974); and

[F10(ca)the market value, ascertained in accordance with paragraph 3A of Schedule 3 to this Act, of so much of any light gases so won and disposed of by him otherwise than in sales at arm’s length as was delivered by him in the period; and

(cb)the market value, ascertained in accordance with paragraph 3A of Schedule 3 to this Act, of so much of any light gases so won as was relevantly appropriated by him in the period without being disposed of; and]

(d)one-half of the market value, [F7in the last calendar month] of the period, of so much of his share of oil so won as he had [F7at the end of that period] either—

(i)not disposed of and not relevantly appropriated; or

(ii)disposed of but not delivered [F11and]

[F12(e)the excess of the nominated proceeds for that period, as defined in section 61 of the Finance Act 1987].

[F13(5A)In any case where [F14oil]is disposed of in a sale at arm’s length and the terms of the contract are such that the seller is required to transport the [F15oil] from a place on land in the United Kingdom [F16or another country for delivery at another place in or] outside the United Kingdom or to meet some or all of the costs of or incidental to its transportation from and to such places then, for the purposes of this Part of this Act—

(a)the price received or receivable for the [F15oil] shall be deemed to be that for which it would have been sold, and

(b)the [F15oil] shall be deemed to be delivered at the time it would have been delivered,

if the terms of the contract [F17did not require the seller to meet any such costs as are mentioned above but did require the [F15oil] to be delivered—

(i)in the case of [F15oil] extracted in the United Kingdom, at the place of extraction; or

(ii)in the case of [F15oil] extracted from strata in the sea bed and subsoil of the territorial sea of the United Kingdom or of a designated area, at the place in the United Kingdom [F18or, in the case of oil first landed in another country, at the place in that or any other country]at which the seller could reasonably be expected to deliver it or, if there is more than one such place, the one nearest to the place of extraction.]]

(6)The participator’s licence debit or credit (if any) for the period is the difference (if any) between—

(a)the sum of the amounts mentioned in subsection (7) below; and

(b)the sum of—

(i)the amount taken into account under paragraph (a) of that subsection in computing his licence debit or credit for the preceding chargeable period; and

(ii)the amount of any royalty repaid to the participator in the period in respect of the field;

and that difference (if any) is a licence debit if the sum mentioned in paragraph (a) above is greater than the sum mentioned in paragraph (b) above, and is otherwise a licence credit.

(7)The amounts referred to in subsection (6)(a) above are—

(a)the amount shown in the return for the period made under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act as the amount of royalty payable for the period in respect of the participator’s share of oil won from the field;

(b)the amount of royalty paid in the period in respect of that share; and

(c)any amount paid in the period in respect of any periodic payment payable to the Secretary of State under any relevant licence otherwise than by way of royalty.

(8)The amount (if any) to be debited or credited to the participator for the period in respect of expenditure is the difference (if any) between—

(a)the sum of the amounts mentioned in subsection (9) below; and

(b)subject to subsection (10) below, any amount taken into account under paragraph (a) of the said subsection (9) in computing the assessable profit or allowable loss accruing to the participator in the last but one preceding chargeable period;

and that difference (if any) is an amount to be debited as aforesaid if the sum mentioned in paragraph (a) above is greater than the amount mentioned in paragraph (b) above, and is otherwise an amount to be credited as aforesaid.

(9)[F19Subject to section 192 of the Finance Act 1993] the amounts referred to in subsection (8)(a) above are—

(a)subject to subsection (11) below, an amount equal to 5 per cent. of the aggregate of—

(i)the sum of the amounts which, in the participator’s return under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act for the period, are, in the case of deliveries falling within sub-paragraph (2)(a) of that paragraph, stated to be the price received or receivable for the oil F20. . ., its market value [F21at the material time] in the calendar month in which the delivery was made [F22or (in the case of light gases) its market value as determined in accordance with paragraph 3A of Schedule 3 to this Act, as the case may require]; and

(ii)the sum of the amounts which, in that return, are, in the case of appropriations falling within sub-paragraph (2)(b) of that paragraph, stated to be the market value of the oil [F21at the material time] in the calendar month in which the appropriation was made [F23or (in the case of light gases) the market value as determined in accordance with paragraph 3A of Schedule 3 to this Act];

(b)the participator’s share, as determined on a claim under Schedule 5 to this Act, of the aggregate of—

(i)any expenditure allowable under section 3 or 4 of this Act for the field which has been allowed on such a claim before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field; and

(ii)an amount equal to [F2435 per cent.] of so much of that expenditure as has been so allowed on such a claim as qualifying for supplement under this sub-paragraph by virtue of subsection (5) of the said section 3,

so far as that share has not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination;

(c)the aggregate of—

(i)any expenditure allowable in the case of the participator under section 3 or 4 of this Act which has, on a claim made by him under Schedule 6 to this Act, been allowed before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field; and

(ii)an amount equal to [F2435 per cent.] of so much of that expenditure as has been so allowed on such a claim as qualifying for supplement under this sub-paragraph by virtue of subsection (5) of the said section 3,

so far as that expenditure and amount have not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination;

(d)any abortive exploration expenditure allowable in the case of the participator under section 5 of this Act which on a claim made by him under Schedule 7 to this Act has been allowed under that Schedule before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field, so far as that expenditure has not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination; and

(e)any unrelievable field losses allowable in the case of the participator under section 6 of this Act which on a claim made by him under Schedule 8 to this Act have been allowed under that Schedule before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field, so far as those losses have not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination [F25; and]

[F26(f)any exploration and appraisal expenditure allowable in the case of the participator under section 5A of this Act which, on a claim made by him under Schedule 7 to this Act, has been allowed under that Schedule before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field, so far as that expenditure has not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination][F27; and]

[F28(g)any research expenditure allowable in the case of the participator under section 5B of this Act which, on a claim made by him under Schedule 7 to this Act, has been allowed under that Schedule before the Board have made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to him for the period in respect of the field, so far as that expenditure has not been taken into account in any previous assessment to tax or determination.]

(10)If, for the period, the expenditure falling within paragraph (b)(i) or (c)(i) of subsection (9) above includes an amount of expenditure (“the relevant amount”) incurred in the preceding chargeable period, then—

(a)the amount which would otherwise be taken into account under subsection (8)(b) above for the first-mentioned period shall be increased by the smaller of the following amounts, namely the relevant amount and the amount (if any) taken into account under paragraph (a) of subsection (9) above in computing the assessable profit or allowable loss accruing to the participator in the preceding chargeable period; and

(b)the amount which would otherwise be taken into account under subsection (8)(b) above for the chargeable period following the first-mentioned chargeable period shall be reduced by an amount equal to that increase.

(11)If, for the period, the expenditure falling within paragraph (b)(i) or (c)(i) of subsection (9) above includes an amount of expenditure incurred in the period, the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection shall be reduced by that amount.

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Amendments (Textual)

F6Words inserted by Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), s. 139(1)(6) and Sch. 19 para. 18 in respect to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1982

F7Words substituted by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 62(2) for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1986

F8Words inserted by Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), s. 133(1) with respect to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1981

F9Words in s. 2(5)(b)(c) inserted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 236, Sch. 23 para. 1(1)

F13S. 2(5A) added by Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), s. 133(1) with respect to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1981

F14Word in s. 2(5A) substituted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 235(1)(a)

F15Word in s. 2(5A) substituted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 235(1)(b)

F16Words in s. 2(5A) substituted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 235(1)(c)

F17Words in s. 2(5A) substituted (16.7.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 1

F18Words in s. 2(5A)(ii) inserted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 235(1)(d)

F19Words in s. 2(9) inserted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 192(3)

F20Words in s. 2(9)(a)(i) repealed (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, ss. 236, 258, Sch. 23 para. 1(2)(a), Sch. 26 Pt. VI Note 1

F21Words repealed by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), ss. 62(1)(a), 72(7) and Sch. 16 Part X for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1986

F22Words in s. 2(9)(a)(i) inserted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 236, Sch. 23 para 1(2)(b)

F23Words in s. 2(9)(a)(ii) inserted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 236, Sch. 23 para. 1(2)(c)

F24Words substituted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 19(1) in relation to expenditure under post-31 December 1978 contracts. See, however, s. 19(3) of that Act where a change order has been made under a continuing pre-1 January 1979 contract

F25 “; and” added by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(2) and Sch. 8 Part II para. 1

F26S. 2(9)(f) added by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(2) and Sch. 8 Part II para. 1

F27 “; and” added by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 64(2) and Sch. 13 Part II para. 1

F28S. 2(9)(g) added by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 64(2) and Sch. 13 Part II para. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8See Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), s. 134(3) where an election for alternative valuation of ethane applies and s. 140(2)(4) in regard to increase of gross profit by reference to royalties in kind for purposes of APRT; Finance Act 1986 (c. 41), s. 109(4) where an election for alternative valuation of light gases applies

C9See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), Sch. 1 para. 2 where expenditure incurred in respect of a remote associated asset

C11S. 2(9) excluded (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 192(3)

C14See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 7(6) for reduction of supplement when there are disposal receipts in any chargeable period ending after 30 June 1982

3 Allowance of expenditure (other than expenditure on long-term assets and abortive exploration expenditure). E+W+S+N.I.
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section and Schedules 4, 5 and 6 to this Act, the expenditure allowable under this section for any oil field is any expenditure (whether or not of a capital nature) which, not being expenditure to which section 4 of this Act applies, is incurred by a person at or before the time when he is a participator in the field to the extent [F29subject to subsection (7) below] that it is incurred for one or more of the following purposes, namely—

(a)searching for oil anywhere within the area of the field as subsequently determined under Schedule 1 to this Act or not more than 5,000 metres beyond the boundary of that area;

(b)making to the Secretary of State any payment under or for the purpose of obtaining a relevant licence, not being a payment by way of royalty or other periodic payment;

(c)ascertaining (whether before or after the determination of the field under Schedule 1 to this Act) the extent or characteristics of any oil-bearing area wholly or partly included in the field, or what the reserves of oil of any such oil-bearing area are;

(d)winning oil from the field;

(e)measuring the quantity of oil won or to be won from the field;

(f)in the case of oil won from the field that was so won from strata in the sea bed and subsoil of either the territorial sea of the United Kingdom or a designated area, transporting it [F30(i)] to the place where it is first landed in the United Kingdom [F31[F32or

(ii)to the place in the United Kingdom or, in the case of oil first landed in another country, to the place in that or any other country (other than the United Kingdom)]

at which the seller in a sale at arm’s length could reasonably be expected to deliver it or, if there is more than one place at which he could reasonably be expected to deliver it, the one nearest to the place of extraction];

(g)the initial treatment or initial storage of oil won from the field;

(h)disposing of any oil won from the field which is disposed of crude in sales at arm’s length;

[F33(hh)obtaining an abandonment guarantee, as defined in section 104 of the Finance Act 1991]

[F34(i)closing down, decommissioning, abandoning or wholly or partially dismantling or removing any qualifying asset;

(j)carrying out qualifying restoration work consequential upon the closing down of the field or any part of it.]

[F35(1A)In this section “qualifying asset” has the same meaning as in the Oil Taxation Act 1983; and, in the case of a qualifying asset which was leased or hired, the reference in subsection (1)(i) above to decommissioning includes a reference to carrying out any restoration or similar work which is required to be carried out to comply with the terms of the contract of lease or hire.

(1B)In subsection (1)(j) above “qualifying restoration work”, in relation to a participator in an oil field, means—

(a)restoring (including landscaping) land on which a qualifying asset is or was situated; or

(b)restoring the seabed (including the subsoil thereof) on which a qualifying asset is or was situated.]

[F36(1C)In any case where—

(a)any expenditure incurred by a participator in a taxable field would, apart from this subsection, be allowable for the field under subsection (1)(i) or (j) above, and

(b)the qualifying asset that is relevant to the incurring of that expenditure has at some time been used otherwise than in connection with the field,

only the relevant portion of the expenditure is allowable for the field under subsection (1)(i) or (j) above.

(1D)In subsection (1C) above “the relevant portion” of the expenditure is the portion of the expenditure that it is just and reasonable to apportion to use of the asset that is use in connection with the field.

(1E)Subsections (1C) and (1D) above have effect subject to the transitional provisions in section 102(5) to (11) of the Finance Act 2001.]

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this section and Schedules 4, 5 and 6 to this Act, where any amount is under subsection (2) of section [F37579] of the Taxes Act (statutory redundancy payments) allowable as a deduction in computing for any accounting period the profits or losses of the relevant trade carried on by a person who was in that period a participator in an oil field, or would be so allowable under that subsection if it were not otherwise so allowable, then that amount less the amount of the rebate recoverable (within the meaning of that subsection) shall be expenditure allowable under this section for that field.

In this subsection “the relevant trade”, in relation to a participator in an oil field, means the separate trade which by virtue of subsection (1) of section [F38492 of the Taxes Act] consists of activities carried on by him that fall within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection or which would have so consisted if that subsection had additionally had effect as regards all past chargeable periods (within the meaning of the Taxes Acts).

(3)Expenditure is not allowable under this section for any oil field if, or to the extent that, it has been allowed under Schedule 5 or 6 to this Act for any other oil field or has been allowed under Schedule 7 to this Act in connection with any oil field [F39but where expenditure allowable under section 5A [F40or section 5B] of this Act has been allowed on a claim under Schedule 7 to this Act, nothing in this subsection shall prevent a claim being made for an allowance under this section in respect of the same expenditure unless the person making the claim is the participator who made the claim under that Schedule].

(4)The expenditure allowable under this section for any oil field does not include—

(a)expenditure in respect of interest or any other pecuniary obligation incurred in obtaining a loan or any other form of credit; or

(b)the cost of acquiring any land or interest in land, other than the cost of making to the Secretary of State any payment falling within subsection (1)(b) above; or

(c)the cost of acquiring or erecting any building or structure on land, except—

(i)a structure to be subsequently placed on the sea bed F41. . .; or

(ii)a building or structure used or to be used wholly in the process of winning oil from strata in or under land or of measuring the quantity of oil won or to be won from such strata; or

(iii)a building or structure used or to be used for initial treatment or initial storage of oil; or

[F42(iv)a building or structure used or to be used for transporting such oil as is mentioned in subsection (1)(f) above from the place where it is first landed [F43to the place in the United Kingdom or, in the case of oil first landed in another country, to the place in that or any other country (other than the United Kingdom)]at which the seller in a sale at arm’s length could reasonably be expected to deliver it or, if there is more than one place at which he could reasonably be expected to deliver it, the one nearest to the place of extraction; or]

(d)any expenditure wholly or partly depending on or determined by reference to the quantity, value or proceeds of, or the profits from, oil won from the field; . . . F44

(e)any payment made for the purpose of obtaining a direct or indirect interest in oil won or to be won from the field, other than a payment made to the Secretary of State; [F45or]

[F46(f)any payment made in pursuance of a notice under paragraph 4 of Schedule 15 to the Finance Act 1973 (provisions supplementing the territorial extension of charge to tax under section 38 of that Act);]

but nothing in paragraph (e) above shall be taken to apply to a payment made by a participator in pursuance of a contract whereby expenditure incurred for any of the purposes mentioned in subsection (1) above is to be shared between that participator and any of the other participators in the field.

(5)[F47Subject to subsection (5A) below] expenditure allowable under this section for an oil field qualifies for supplement under section 2(9)(b)(ii) or (c)(ii) of this Act if and to the extent that it is incurred for one or more of the following purposes, namely—

(a)bringing about the commencement of the winning of oil from the field or the commencement of the transporting of oil won from it to the United Kingdom [F48or another country];

(b)ascertaining (whether before or after the determination of the field under Schedule 1 to the Act) any of the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(c) above;

(c)carrying out works for, or acquiring an asset or an interest in an asset to be used for the purpose of, substantially improving the rate at which oil can be won or transported to the United Kingdom [F48or another country]from the field, or preventing or substantially reducing a decline in that rate; or

(d)providing any installation for the initial treatment or initial storage of oil won from the field;

but expenditure incurred in hiring an asset shall not so qualify unless the asset is used in carrying out works for a purpose mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) above or works for the provision of any such installation as is mentioned in paragraph (d) above.

[F49(5A)Where expenditure incurred in relation to an asset is incurred—

(a)in part for one of the purposes specified in subsection (5) above (or for what would be one of those purposes if section 10(2) below were disregarded), and

(b)in part for the purpose of enabling the asset to be used in a way giving rise to tariff receipts within the meaning of the Oil Taxation Act 1983,

then, to the extent that the expenditure is incurred for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (b) above, it shall be treated for the purposes of this Part of this Act as incurred for one of the purposes specified in subsection (5) above.]

[F50(5B)Expenditure incurred by a participator in an oil field shall be taken to be incurred for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (hh) of subsection (1) above if, and only if,—

(a)it consists of fees, commission or incidental costs incurred wholly and exclusively for the purposes of obtaining an abandonment guarantee; and

(b)the abandonment guarantee is obtained in order to comply with a term of a relevant agreement relating to that field under which the participator is required to provide security (whether or not specifically in the form of an abandonment guarantee) in respect of his liabilities to contribute to field abandonment costs;

and expressions used in this subsection shall be construed in accordance with section 104 of the Finance Act 1991.]

(6)[F51Without prejudice to any apportionment under [F52subsections (1C) and (1D)] above] for the purposes of subsections (1) and (5) above [F51other than paragraph (hh) of subsection (1)] expenditure incurred partly for one or more of the purposes there mentioned and partly not shall [F47subject to subsection (7) below] be apportioned in such manner as is just and reasonable [F53and where, in the case of oil won as mentioned in paragraph (f) of subsection (1) above, expenditure is incurred in transporting—.

(a)oil first landed in the United Kingdom to a place in the United Kingdom which is not the nearest place referred to in sub-paragraph (ii) of that paragraph, or

(b)oil first landed in another country to a place in that or any other country (other than the United Kingdom) which is not the nearest place so referred to, so much of that expenditure as does not exceed what would have been the expenditure incurred in transporting it to that nearest place shall be regarded as falling within the said paragraph (f).]

[F49(7)In any case where—

(a)expenditure which is incurred by any person as mentioned in subsection (6) above is so incurred in connection with a long-term asset, and

(b)the long-term asset gives rise to receipts which, for the purposes of the Oil Taxation Act 1983, are tariff receipts of that person attributable to the field for which any of that expenditure is so allowable,

then, so far as relates to that field, in making in accordance with subsection (6) above any apportionment for the purposes of either or both of subsections (1) and (5) above, the whole of the relevant expenditure shall be apportioned to one or more of the purposes mentioned in that subsection or, as the case may be, those subsections.

(8)In subsection (7) above—

(a)long-term asset” means an asset whose useful life continues after the end of the claim period for which a claim is first made for an allowance in respect of expenditure incurred in connection with the asset; and

(b)relevant expenditure” means that portion of the expenditure in connection with the asset which is reasonably attributable to the use of the asset which gives rise to the receipts referred to in subsection (7)(b) above.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F29Words inserted by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 5(1)(a) with respect to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982

F30Word in s. 3(1)(f) inserted (16.7.1992 but with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act)) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 2(1)(a)

F31Words inserted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 20(1) in relation to expenditure claimed after 31 December 1978

F32S. 3(1)(f)(ii) and preceding word substituted (16.7.1992 but with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 2(1)(b)

F33S. 3(1)(hh) inserted by Finance Act 1991 (c. 31, SIF 63:1), s. 103(2)(with respect to expenditure incurred on or after 19.3.1991).

F34S. 3(1)(i)(j) substituted for para. (i) by Finance Act 1991 (c. 31, SIF 63:1), s. 103(3)(with respect to expenditure incurred after 30.6.1991).

F36S. 3(1C)-(1E) substituted (11.5.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 102(4) of the amending Act) for s. 3(1C)(1D) by 2001 c. 9, s. 102(1)

F39Words inserted by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(2) and Sch. 8 Part II para. 2

F40Words inserted by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 64(2) and Sch. 13 Part II para. 2

F41Words in s. 3(4)(c)(i) repealed (16.7.1992 but with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), ss. 55(3), 74, 82, Sch. 15 para. 2(2)(a), Sch. 18 Pt. VIII

F42S. 3(4)(c)(iv) added by Finance Act 1981 (c. 35), s. 119(1) in relation to any expenditure claimed after 31 December 1978

F43Words in s. 3(4)(c)(iv) substituted (16.7.1992 with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74. Sch. 15 para. 2(2)(b)

F44Word repealed by Finance Act 1984 (c. 43), ss. 124(7), 128(6) and Sch. 23 Part XIV

F47Words inserted by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 5 with respect to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982

F48Words in s. 3(5)(a)(c) inserted (16.7.1992 with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74. Sch. 15 para. 2(3)

F49S. 3(5A)(7)(8) inserted by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 5 with respect to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982

F52Words in s. 3(6) substituted (11.5.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 102(4) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 9, s. 102(2)

F53Words and paragraphs in s. 3(6) added (16.7.1992 with effect in accordance with s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74. Sch. 15 para. 2(4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19S. 3 explained by Finance Act 1991 (c. 31, SIF 63:1), s. 104(1)(2).

S. 3 modified (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, ss. 231, 234, Sch. 22 Pt. II para. 12(2)

S. 3 restricted (27.7.1999 with application as mentioned) by 1999 c. 16, s. 95(2)(9)(10)

C22See Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109 regarding fractionation expenditure incurred after 31 December 1979

C23S. 3(5)(c) excluded (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 232(4)(a)

C24S. 3(5)(d) excluded (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 232(4)(a)

4 Allowance of expenditure on long-term assets. E+W+S+N.I.
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), ss. 1–4 in relation to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982 on long-term assets and s. 13(1)(b) and Sch. 5 of that Act for transitional provisions relating to expenditure incurred in a claim period beginning before and ending after 1 July 1982 but not later than 31 December 1983

(1)Subject to subsection (13) below [F54and section 1 of the Oil Taxation Act 1983], this section applies to expenditure (whether or not of a capital nature) which is incurred by a person at or before the time when he is a participator in an oil field, being expenditure incurred in acquiring, bringing into existence, or enhancing the value of an asset which is to be or is subsequently used in connection with the field and [F55which, at the end of the first relevant claim period, is or is expected to be a long-term asset as defined in section 3(8) of the Oil Taxation Act 1983]:

Provided that this section shall not apply to expenditure incurred as aforesaid in any case where the Board consider that its application to that expenditure would have only a negligible effect on the total expenditure allowable under this Part of this Act for the field and so notify the responsible person.

(2)The following provisions of this section are subject to Schedules 4, 5 and 6 to this Act.

(3)-(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F56

(5)Subject to the following provisions of this section, a proportion of the expenditure shall be allowable under this section on a claim for the first relevant claim period, and that proportion is . . . F56the proportion which the time during which the asset has been used in [F55connection with the field] in the period between the incurring of the expenditure or the asset’s first use in [F55connection with the field] (whichever is later) and the end of the first relevant claim period bears to the time between the incurring of the expenditure and the date when the asset’s useful life is reasonably likely to end:

Provided that, where the asset was not used for any purpose in the period between the incurring of the expenditure and the asset’s first use in connection with the field, the expenditure shall for the purposes of this subsection be treated as having been incurred on the date when the asset was first used in connection with the field.

(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F56

(7)[F55For each claim period subsequent to the first relevant claim period and] up to and including that in which use of the asset in connection with the field permanently ceases, the proportion of the expenditure allowable under this section for the relevant period shall be computed by applying the provisions of [F55subsection (5)] above with the omission of the words “on a claim” (wherever occurring) and the substitution of references to the relevant period for references to the first relevant claim period.

For the purposes of this subsection “the relevant period”, in relation to a claim period, means the period consisting of that claim period and each earlier claim period back to and including that in which the expenditure was incurred.

(8)If, as computed under subsection (7) above for any claim period, the proportion of the expenditure allowable for the relevant period exceeds the amount thereof which (taking into account any previous adjustments made under the following subsection) has been allowed on claims made for earlier claim periods falling within the relevant period, the excess shall be allowable under this section on a claim for that claim period.

(9)If, as computed under subsection (7) above for any claim period, the proportion of the expenditure allowable for the relevant period is exceeded by the amount thereof which (taking into account any previous adjustments made under this subsection) has been allowed on claims made for earlier claim periods falling within the relevant period, the total amount of expenditure allowable under this and the preceding section on a claim for the first-mentioned claim period shall be reduced by an amount equal to the excess.

(10)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 3 of this Act shall apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section; and where in accordance with subsection (9) above the total amount of the expenditure allowable under this and the preceding section on a claim for any claim period is reduced, the amount falling to be taken into account under section 2(9)(b)(ii) or (c)(ii) of this Act by reference to that expenditure shall be reduced by a proportion equal to the proportion by which the total amount of that expenditure is so reduced.

(11)For the purposes of [F55subsection (5) above (including that subsection as it applies] under subsection (7) above) an asset which is throughout any period of time simultaneously used partly in connection with the field and partly otherwise shall be treated as being used in connection with the field for a proportion of that period equal to the proportion which the extent of its use in the period in that connection bears to the extent of its use in the period in that connection and otherwise.

(12)For the purposes of this section—

(a)the asset is a brought-in asset if, between the time when it was acquired or brought into existence and its first use in connection with the field, the asset was used otherwise than in connection with the field; and

(b)the first relevant claim period”—

(i)in the case of expenditure incurred in acquiring or bringing into existence a brought-in asset, means the claim period in which the asset was first used in connection with the field; and

(ii)in the case of any other expenditure, means the claim period in which the expenditure was incurred.

(13)The preceding provisions of this section, and any other provisions in this Part of this Act as to which it is provided that this subsection applies, shall, with any necessary modifications, apply in relation to expenditure incurred by a person in acquiring an interest in an asset, or in bringing into existence an asset in which he is to have an interest, or in enhancing the value of an asset in which he has an interest, as the provisions in question apply in relation to expenditure incurred by a person in acquiring, bringing into existence, or enhancing the value of an asset, as the case may be.

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Amendments (Textual)

F54Words inserted by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 1 in relation to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982 on non-dedicated mobile assets

F55Words substituted by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 1 in relation to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982 on non-dedicated mobile assets

F56S. 4(3)(4)(5)(a) “(b)” and words and (6) repealed by Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 1 in relation to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982 on non-dedicated mobile assets

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), ss. 1–4 in relation to expenditure incurred after 30 June 1982 on long-term assets and s. 13(1)(b) and Sch. 5 of that Act for transitional provisions relating to expenditure incurred in a claim period beginning before and ending after 1 July 1982 but not later than 31 December 1983

C27S. 4 modified (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, ss. 231, 234, Sch. 22 Pt. II para. 12

S. 4 restricted (27.7.1999 with application as mentioned) by 1999 c. 16, s. 95(2)(9)(10)

C29See Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109(10) as regards fractionation expenditure referable to use after 31 December 1979

5 Allowance of abortive exploration expenditure.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section and Schedule 7 to this Act, the abortive exploration expenditure allowable in the case of a person who is a participator in an oil field is any expenditure (whether or not of a capital nature) incurred on or after 1st January 1960 [F57and before 16th March 1983] which—

(a)was incurred by that person or, if that person is a company, by that company or a company associated with it in respect of the expenditure; and

(b)was incurred wholly and exclusively for the purpose of searching for oil in the United Kingdom, the territorial sea thereof or a designated area; and

(c)is not, and is unlikely to become, allowable under section 3 or 4 of this Act for any oil field,

but so that any expenditure to which subsection (2) below applies shall not be allowable under this section except to the extent that it falls by virtue of that subsection to be treated as incurred wholly and exclusively for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (b) above.

(2)Where any person has incurred expenditure in acquiring, bringing into existence, or enhancing the value of an asset which is subsequently used by him for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above, then—

(a)subject to paragraph (b) below, if the useful life of the asset continues after the end of the twelve months beginning with the day on which he acquired the asset or brought it into existence, he shall be treated for the purposes of that subsection as having incurred wholly and exclusively for that purpose a fraction of that expenditure on each day after the expenditure was incurred on which the asset is used by him wholly and exclusively for that purpose, and that fraction is the fraction of which the numerator is 1 and the denominator is the number of days in the period beginning with the day on which he incurred that expenditure and ending with the day on which the asset’s useful life is reasonably likely to end;

(b)if a subsequent disposal of the asset by that person otherwise than to a person connected with him gives rise to the receipt of a sum that falls to be taken into account under subsection (6) below, being a sum not less than the price which the asset might reasonably have been expected to fetch if sold in the open market at the time of the disposal, paragraph (a) above shall apply with the substitution, for the reference to the day on which the asset’s useful life is reasonably likely to end, of a reference to the day on which the disposal was made.

Section 4(13) of this Act applies to the preceding provisions of this subsection.

[(2A)For the purpose only of determining under paragraph (c) of subsection (1) above whether expenditure is or is likely to become allowable for any oil field, it shall be assumed that any oil field which, apart from this subsection, would be a non-taxable field is or, as the case may be, will be a taxable field and, accordingly, that section 185(4)(e) of the Finance Act 1993 (no expenditure allowable for non-taxable fields) does not apply.]

(3)Expenditure is not allowable under this section in connection with an oil field if, or to the extent that, it has been allowed under Schedule 7 to this Act in connection with any oil field.

(4)Subsection (4) of section 3 of this Act shall apply for the purposes of this section with the following modifications, that is to say—

(a)in paragraph (c) the words from “except” to the end of sub-paragraph (iii) shall be omitted;

(b)paragraph (d) shall be omitted;

(c)in paragraph (e), the reference to oil won or to be won from the field shall be read as a reference to oil won or to be won from any area whatsoever.

(5)Paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 to this Act shall, . . . F58, apply in relation to this section as it applies in relation to sections 3 and 4 of this Act.

(6)Where any expenditure which would otherwise be allowable under this section gives rise to the receipt of any sum (whether or not of a capital nature) by the person who incurred the expenditure or any person connected with him, that expenditure shall for the purposes of this section be reduced by an amount equal to that sum.

(7)For the purposes of this section—

(a)company” means any body corporate;

(b)section [F59839] of the Taxes Act (connected persons) shall apply; and

(c)a company which is a participator in an oil field is associated with another company in respect of expenditure incurred by the other company if—

(i)throughout that part of the relevant period in which both were in existence one was a 51 per cent. subsidiary of the other and the other was not a 51 per cent. subsidiary of any company; or

(ii)each of them was, throughout that part of the relevant period in which it was in existence, a 51 per cent. subsidiary of a third company which was not itself a 51 per cent. subsidiary of any company.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (7)(c) above—

(a)the relevant period” is the period beginning immediately before the expenditure was incurred and ending with the end of whichever of the following periods ends later, that is to say—

(i)the earliest chargeable period in which the company which is a participator in the oil field in question was a participator in that field; and

(ii)the chargeable period (for that field) in which the expenditure was incurred,

(or, if they are the same period, with the end of that period); and

(b)section [F59838] of the Taxes Act (subsidiaries) shall apply.

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Amendments (Textual)

F57Words inserted by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(2) and Sch. 8 Part II para. 3

F58Words repealed by Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 122 and Sch. 20 Part XIII

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34S. 5(2A) inserted (1994.05.03) by 1994 c. 9, s. 237(1)

C35See Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(3) and Sch. 8 Part III with respect to sums received after 15 March 1983

[F605A Allowance of exploration and appraisal expenditure.E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F60S. 5A added by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(1) and Sch. 8 Part I

(1)The exploration and appraisal expenditure which, subject to the provisions of this section and Schedule 7 to this Act, is allowable in the case of a person who is a participator in an oil field is any expenditure (whether or not of a capital nature) which—

(a)is incurred after 15th March 1983 by that person or, if that person is a company, by that company or a company associated with it in respect of the expenditure; and

[F61(aa)either is incurred before 16th March 1993 or is incurred within the period of two years beginning on that date and is expenditure to which that person or, if that person is a company, that company or a company associated with it in respect of the expenditure, is committed immediately before that date; and]

(b)is so incurred wholly and exclusively for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (2) below; and

(c)at the time it is so incurred, does not relate to a field for which a development decision has previously been made.

[F62(1A)For the purposes of subsection (1)(aa) above, in respect of expenditure incurred on or after 16th March 1993, a person is to be regarded as committed to that expenditure immediately before that date if—

(a)he has an obligation under an exploration and appraisal contract entered into before that date to incur the expenditure; or

(b)the expenditure is incurred wholly and exclusively for the same purpose as that for which the contract referred to in paragraph (a) above was entered into and is so incurred pursuant to an obligation under an exploration and appraisal contract entered into on or after 16th March 1993 and before 16th June 1993.

(1B)In considering whether a person has at any time such a contractual obligation as is referred to in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) of subsection (1A) above in respect of any expenditure,

(a)if the contract contains a power (however exercisable) by virtue of which the person concerned, or a company associated with him in respect of the expenditure, is able to bring any contractual obligations to an end, he shall not be regarded as committed to any expenditure which, if the power were to be exercised, would not be incurred; and

(b)if the person concerned (or a company associated with him in respect of the expenditure) has an option (however described) which was not exercised before 16th March 1993 but the exercise of which would increase his expenditure under the contract, he shall not be regarded as committed to any expenditure which would be incurred only as a result of the exercise of the option.

(1C)For the purposes of subsection (1A) above a contract is an exploration and appraisal contract if it is a contract for the provision of any services or other business facilities or assets for any of the purposes specified in subsection (2) below.]

(2)The purposes referred to in [F63subsections (1) to (1C)] above are—

(a)the purpose of searching for oil in [F64the territorial sea of the United Kingdom] or a designated area;

(b)the purpose of ascertaining the extent or characteristics of any oil-bearing area in [F64the territorial sea of the United Kingdom] or a designated area;

(c)the purpose of ascertaining what are the reserves of oil of any such oil-bearing area; and

(d)subject to subsection (3) below, the purpose of making to the Secretary of State any payment under or for the purpose of obtaining a licence (not being a payment by way of royalty or other periodic payment).

[F65(2A)Any reference in subsection (2) above to a designated area does not include a sector which, by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of section 107 of the Finance Act 1980 (transmedian fields), is deemed to be a designated area.]

(3)Expenditure incurred for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(d) above is not allowable under this section unless, at the time the allowance is claimed,—

(a)the licence to which the expenditure related has expired or has been determined or revoked; or

(b)part of the licensed area has been surrendered;

and where paragraph (b) above applies only that proportion of the expenditure which corresponds to the proportion of the licensed area which has been surrendered is expenditure falling within subsection (1) above.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, subsections (2) and (4) to (8) of section 5 of this Act apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

(5)In the application for the purposes of this section of the provisions of section 5 of this Act referred to in subsection (4) above,—

(a)any reference in subsection (2) of section 5 to the purpose mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of that section shall be construed as a reference to any of the purposes specified in subsection (2) of this section;

(b)the reference in subsection (2)(a) of section 5 to subsection (1) of that section shall be construed as a reference to subsection (1) of this section; and

(c)the reference in subsection (6) of section 5 to a sum received—

[F66(i)includes a reference to a sum received, or treated by virtue of subsection (5A) below as received, from the disposal of oil won in the course of operations carried out for any of the purposes in paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (2) of this section; but

(ii)does not include a reference to a sum received for the assignment of any of the rights conferred by a licence or of any interest in a licensed area.]

[F67(5A)Subsection (5B) below applies in any case where—

(a)oil which is won as mentioned in paragraph (c)(i) of subsection (5) above is either disposed of otherwise than in sales at arm’s length or appropriated to refining or to any use except for production purposes of an oil field, and

(b)if that oil had been disposed of in a sale at arm’s length, then, by virtue of section 5(6) of this Act as applied by subsection (5) above, certain expenditure would have been reduced by reference to the receipt of a sum from that disposal.

(5B)Where this subsection applies, the oil concerned shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (5)(c)(i) above and section 5(6) of this Act as having been disposed of for a sum equal to its market value [F68at the material time] in the calendar month in which it was disposed of or appropriated as mentioned in subsection (5A)(a) above and, accordingly, for those purposes—

(a)a sum equal to that market value shall be treated as having been received from that disposal; and

(b)no account shall be taken of any sum actually received from the disposal of any of that oil.

(5C)In the application of Schedule 3 to this Act for the purpose of ascertaining the market value of oil as mentioned in subsection (5B) above,—

(a)in paragraph 2, in paragraph [F69(f)] of sub-paragraph (2) for the words from the beginning to “paragraph in question” there shall be substituted “ the contract is for the sale of the whole quantity of oil whose market value falls to be ascertained for the purposes of section 5A(5B) of this Act ”;

(b)sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) of paragraph 2 shall be omitted; and

(c)any reference in paragraphs 2 and 2A to oil being relevantly appropriated shall be construed as a reference to its being appropriated as mentioned in subsection (5A)(a) above.]

(6)Expenditure is not allowable under this section in connection with an oil field if, or to the extent that, it has been allowed under Schedule 5, Schedule 6 or Schedule 7 to this Act in connection with any oil field.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) above, a development decision is made when—

(a)consent for development is granted to a licensee by the Secretary of State in respect of the whole or part of an oil field; or

(b)a programme of development is served on a licensee or approved by the Secretary of State for the whole or part of an oil field;

and subsections (4) and (5) of section 36 of the Finance Act 1983 (meaning of development etc.) apply in relation to this subsection as they apply in relation to subsections (2) and (3) of that section.

(8)If, at the time when it is incurred, expenditure relates to an area—

(a)which is not then an oil field, but

(b)in respect of which notice of a proposed determination has previously been given under paragraph 2(a) of Schedule 1 to this Act,

that area shall be treated for the purposes of this section as having become an oil field at the time the notice was given unless, when the actual determination is made, the area is not included in an oil field.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F61S. 5A(1)(aa) inserted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 188(1)

F62S. 5A(1A)-(1C) inserted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 188(2)

F63Words in s. 5A(2) substituted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c.34 s. 188(3)

F64Words substituted by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 90(2) with respect to expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 1986

F65S. 5A(2A) added by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 90 with respect to expenditure incurred on or after 19 March 1985

F66S. 5A(5)(c)(i)(ii) substituted by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 90 with respect to expenditure incurred on or after 19 March 1985

F67S. 5A(5A)–(5C) added by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 90 with respect to expenditure incurred on or after 19 March 1985

F68Words repealed by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), ss. 62(1)(b), 72(7) and Sch. 16 Part X for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1986

F69 “(f)” substituted by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 62(3) and Sch. 11 para. 4 for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1986

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37Also for the purposes of Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 8(3) and Sch. 1 para. 6(1)

[F705B Allowance of research expenditure.E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F70S. 5B added by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 64(1) and Sch. 13 Part I

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section and Schedule 7 to this Act, the research expenditure which is allowable in the case of a person who is a participator in an oil field is any expenditure (whether or not of a capital nature) which—

(a)is incurred by him on or after 17th March 1987; and

(b)at the expiry of the period of three years from the time at which it was incurred, has not become allowable under section 3 or section 4 of this Act or section 3 of the Oil Taxation Act 1983; and

(c)was not incurred for purposes relating to a particular oil field; and

(d)was not incurred wholly and exclusively for one or more of the purposes which, subject to subsection (2) below, are specified in section 5A(2) of this Act; and

(e)was incurred for the purpose of research of such a description that, if it had been incurred by the participator in relation to a particular field, it would have been allowable for that field under section 3 or section 4 of this Act or section 3 of the Oil Taxation Act 1983; and

(f)was incurred wholly or partly for United Kingdom purposes.

(2)For the purposes only of subsection (1)(d) above, any reference in section 5A(2) of this Act to the territorial sea of the United Kingdom shall be taken to include a reference to the United Kingdom itself.

(3)Where expenditure falling within paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (1) above is incurred partly for United Kingdom purposes and partly for other purposes, only such part of the expenditure as it is just and reasonable to apportion to United Kingdom purposes shall be allowable by virtue of this section.

(4)In subsections (1)(f) and (3) above, “United Kingdom purposes” means purposes relating to the United Kingdom, the territorial sea thereof or designated areas, excluding any sector which, by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of section 107 of the Finance Act 1980 (transmedian fields), is deemed to be a designated area.

(5)Expenditure is not allowable under this section if, or to the extent that, it has been allowed under Schedule 5, Schedule 6 or Schedule 7 to this Act for or in connection with an oil field.

(6)To the extent that it is reasonable to assume that expenditure which, apart from this subsection, would be allowable under this section has been incurred for purposes relating to excluded oil, within the meaning of section 10(1) of this Act [F71or for purposes relating to non-taxable fields], that expenditure is not allowable under this section.

(7)Subject to subsection (3) above, subsections (2) and (6) of section 5 of this Act apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section except that—

(a)any reference in subsection (2) of section 5 to the purpose mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of that section shall be construed as a reference to the purpose referred to in subsection (1)(e) of this section;

(b)the reference in paragraph (a) of subsection (2) to subsection (1) of that section shall be construed as a reference to subsection (1) of this section; and

(c)where any expenditure falls to be apportioned under subsection (3) of this section, any receipt to which it gives rise shall be similarly apportioned in the application of subsection (6) of section 5.

(8)Paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 to this Act applies in relation to this section as it applies in relation to sections 3 and 4 of this Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F71Words in s. 5B(6) inserted (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 185(4)(c)

6 Allowance of unrelievable loss from abandoned field.E+W+S+N.I.

[F72(1)In the case of a participator in an oil field, an allowable unrelievable field loss is the unrelievable portion of an allowable loss falling within subsection (1B) below.

(1A)Subsection (1) above is subject to subsections (5) to (9) below and Schedule 8 to this Act.

(1B)An allowable loss falls within this subsection if—

(a)the loss accrued in any chargeable period from another field (“the abandoned field”),

(b)the person to whom the loss accrued is—

(i)the participator, or

(ii)if the participator is a company, a company associated with the participator in respect of the loss (see subsection (3) below),

(c)the loss accrued to that person as a participator in the abandoned field, and

(d)the winning of oil from the abandoned field has permanently ceased.

(1C)The “unrelievable portion” of an allowable loss falling within subsection (1B) above is so much of that loss as cannot under the provisions of section 7 of this Act be relieved against assessable profits accruing from the abandoned field to the person to whom the loss accrued.

(1D)Subsection (1C) above is subject to Schedule 32 to the Finance Act 2001 (determination of unrelievable portion where Parts 2 and 3 of Schedule 17 to the Finance Act 1980 did not apply to transfer of interest in abandoned field).]

(2)In determining for the purposes of this section whether an allowable loss has accrued as mentioned in [F73subsection (1B) above] from an oil field from which the winning of oil permanently ceased before the total amount of oil ever won and saved from it reached the amount by reference to which the critical half year is defined in section 1(4) of this Act, the first chargeable period for that field shall be taken to have been the period ending at the end of the half year in which the winning of oil from the field so ceased (including an unlimited time prior to the beginning of that half year).

In this subsection “half year” has the same meaning as in section 1 of this Act.

(3)For the purposes of this section—

(a)company” means any body corporate; and

(b)a company which is a participator in an oil field is associated with another company in respect of an allowable loss which accrued to that other company in a chargeable period from another oil field if—

(i)throughout that part of the relevant period in which both were in existence one was a 51 per cent. subsidiary of the other and the other was not a 51 per cent. subsidiary of any company; or

(ii)each of them was, throughout that part of the relevant period in which it was in existence, a 51 per cent. subsidiary of a third company which was not itself a 51 per cent. subsidiary of any company;

and in this section and Schedule 8 to this Act any reference to the winning of oil from an oil field permanently ceasing includes a reference to the permanent cessation of operations for the winning of oil from the field.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3)(b) above—

(a)the relevant period is the period beginning with the chargeable period in which the allowable loss accrued to the other company referred to in that paragraph and ending with the end of whichever of the following period ends later, that is to say—

(i)the earliest chargeable period in which the company which is a participator in the oil field in question was a participator in that field; and

(ii)the chargeable period in which the allowable loss accrued,

(or, if they are the same period, with the end of that period); and

(b)section [F74838] of the Taxes Act (subsidiaries) shall apply.

[F75(5)Subsections (6) to (9) below apply if—

(a)a claim is made for the allowance of an unrelievable field loss; and

(b)the person to whom the loss accrued made a claim or election for the allowance of any expenditure unrelated to that field; and

(c)that claim or election was received by the Board on or after 29th November 1994; and

(d)the whole or a part of the expenditure to which the claim or election relates is allowed and, accordingly, falls to be taken into account under section 2(8)(a) of this Act for a chargeable period (whether beginning before or after 29th November 1994).

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, where this subsection applies, from the amount which, apart from this subsection, would be the amount of the unrelievable field loss referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (5) above there shall be deducted an amount equal to so much of any expenditure unrelated to the field as is allowed on a claim or election as mentioned in paragraph (d) of that subsection.

(7)If—

(a)claims are made for the allowance of more than one unrelievable field loss derived from the same abandoned field, and

(b)the person to whom the loss accrued is the same in respect of each of the unrelievable field losses,

subsection (6) above shall have effect as if the deduction referred to in that subsection fell to be made from the aggregate amount of those losses.

(8)Where subsection (7) above applies, the deduction shall be set against the unrelievable field losses in the order in which the claims for the allowance of each of those losses were received by the Board.

(9)In subsections (5) and (6) above, “expenditure unrelated to the field” means—

(a)expenditure allowable under any of sections 5, 5A and 5B of this Act;

(b)expenditure allowable under this section (derived from a different abandoned field); or

(c)expenditure falling within section 65 of the M2Finance Act 1987 which is accepted by the Board as allowable in accordance with Schedule 14 to that Act;

and, in relation to expenditure falling within section 65 of the M3Finance Act 1987, “election” means an election under Part I of Schedule 14 to that Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F72S. 6(1)-(1D) substituted (retrospective to 7.3.2001) for s. 6(1)(1A) by 2001 c. 9 s. 101(1)(5)

F73Words in s. 6(2) substituted (retrospective to 7.3.2001) by 2001 c. 9, s. 101(2)(5)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C38S. 6(1C) excluded (retrospective to 7.3.2001) by 2001 c. 9, s. 101(4)(5), Sch. 32 para. 5

Marginal Citations

7 Relief for allowable losses. E+W+S+N.I.
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Where the Board have determined under Schedule 2 to this Act that an allowable loss has accrued to a participator in a chargeable period from an oil field, then, subject to the following provisions of this section, the assessable profit accruing to him from the field in any succeeding chargeable period shall be treated as reduced by the amount of that allowable loss, or by so much of that amount as cannot, under this subsection or on a claim (if made) under subsection (2) below, be relieved against the assessable profit accruing to him from the field in any earlier chargeable period.

(2)Where the Board have determined under Schedule 2 to this Act that an allowable loss has accrued to a participator in a chargeable period from an oil field, the participator may make a claim requiring that the loss be in the first instance set against any assessable profit which accrued to him from the field in any preceding chargeable period; and the assessable profit which so accrued to him in any such period shall then be treated as reduced by the amount of the loss, or by so much of that amount as cannot be relieved under this subsection against any assessable profit accruing to him from the field in a later chargeable period.

(3)Where—

(a)the Board have determined under Schedule 2 to this Act that an allowable loss has accrued to a participator in a chargeable period from an oil field; and

(b)the winning of oil from that field has permanently ceased,

then so much of that allowable loss as cannot under subsection (1) or (2) above be relieved against assessable profits accruing to the participator from the field shall be relieved under this subsection by treating the assessable profit accruing to him from the field in any chargeable period as reduced by the amount of the loss, or by so much of that amount as cannot be relieved under this section against the assessable profit so accruing to him in a later chargeable period.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C40See Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 106 and Sch. 17 paras. 14, 15

8 Oil allowance.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section and paragraphs 10 and 11 of Schedule 3 to this Act, where a participator in an oil field would, apart from this section and section 9 of this Act, be chargeable to tax for any chargeable period on an amount (“the said amount”) consisting of the assessable profit accruing to him in the period from the field or that profit as reduced under section 7 of this Act by any allowable losses, then for the purpose of determining his liability, if any, to tax for that period, the said amount shall be treated as reduced or further reduced as follows, that is to say—

(a)if the said amount exceeds the cash equivalent of his share of the oil allowance for the field for that period, to an amount equal to the excess; or

(b)if the said amount does not exceed the cash equivalent of his share of that allowance, to nil.

(2)The oil allowance for an oil field is, for each chargeable period, [F76250,000 metric tonnes], and shall be divided between the participators in shares proportionate to their shares of the oil won and saved from the field during the period.

(3)For the purposes of this section the cash equivalent of a participator’s share of the oil allowance for an oil field for a chargeable period is (subject to subsection (4) below) the amount given by the formula:—

where—

  • A is the gross profit accruing to him in the period or, if a gross loss (or neither a gross profit nor a gross loss) accrues to him in the period, nil (in which case the cash equivalent itself will be nil);

  • B is his share of the allowance, in [F76metric tonnes]; and

  • C is his share, exclusive of excluded oil within the meaning of section 10 of this Act, of the oil won and saved from the field during the period, in [F76metric tonnes].

(4)If a participator in an oil field so elects by notice in writing given to the Board at the time when he makes his return under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act for a chargeable period, then the cash equivalent of his share of the oil allowance for the field for that period shall be determined under subsection (3) above—

(a)to the extent that his share of that oil allowance does not exceed his share of the oil (other than gas) won and saved from the field in the period, as if in computing the gross profit or gross loss accruing to him in the period all amounts relating to gas fell to be disregarded; and

(b)to the extent, if any, that his share of that oil allowance exceeds his share of the oil (other than gas) so won and saved, as if in computing the gross profit or gross loss so accruing all amounts relating to oil other than gas fell to be disregarded.

(5)For the purposes of this section the amount of the oil allowance for an oil field utilised by a participator in any chargeable period is—

(a)if in his case a reduction is made for that period under subsection (1)(a) above, an amount in [F76metric tonnes] equal to his share of the oil allowance for the field for that period;

(b)if in his case a reduction is made for that period under subsection (1)(b) above, the amount in [F76metric tonnes] arrived at by multiplying his share of the oil allowance for the field for that period (in [F76metric tonnes]) by the fraction of which the numerator is the amount of that reduction and the denominator is the cash equivalent of his share of the said oil allowance;

(c)in any other case, nil.

(6)The total oil allowance for an oil field shall not exceed [F765 million metric tonnes], and accordingly—

(a)for each chargeable period there shall be determined the aggregate of the amounts of the oil allowance for the field utilised by the participators in that period; and

(b)as regards the earliest chargeable period such that the sum of the aggregate determined under paragraph (a) above for that period and the aggregates so determined for each earlier chargeable period would, apart from this subsection, exceed [F765 million metric tonnes], the necessary restriction shall be apportioned between the participators in such manner as may be notified to the Board by the responsible person or, in default of such notification, as may be determined by the Board.

In this subsection “the necessary restriction” means the restriction necessary to secure that the aggregate determined under paragraph (a) above for the chargeable period to which paragraph (b) above applies will, when added to the sum of the aggregates so determined for each earlier chargeable period, produce a total of [F765 million metric tonnes].

(7)For the purposes of this section [F761,100 cubic metres] of oil consisting of gas at the temperature and pressure mentioned in section 1(4) of this Act shall be counted as equivalent to one [F76metric tonne] of oil other than gas.

(8)Any reduction to be made under subsection (1) above shall be made before applying the provisions of section 9 of this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F76Words substituted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 21(1) in relation to chargeable periods and half years ending after 31 December 1978

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C42See also Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 106 and Sch. 17 para. 17

[F779[F78Limit on amount of tax payable].E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F77S. 9 substituted by Finance Act 1981 (c. 35), s. 114(1) with effect whether the participator's net profit period ends before or after the passing of that Act

F78Wording amended without statutory authority to reflect the sense of the revised s. 9

(1)The tax payable by a participator in an oil field for any chargeable period to which this subsection applies shall not exceed 80 per cent. of the amount (if any) by which his adjusted profit for that period (as defined in this section) exceeds 15 per cent. of his accumulated capital expenditure at the end of that period (as so defined).

(1A)Subsection (1) above applies to—

(a)any chargeable period from the first chargeable period up to and including the period which is the participator’s net profit period for the field for the purposes of section 111 of the Finance Act 1981 or where section 113 of that Act applies, up to and including the earlier of the periods mentioned in subsection (2) of that section; and

(b)any subsequent chargeable period up to such number of periods as is equal to half the number of chargeable periods [F79which are included in paragraph (a) above and in which the amount of oil won and saved from the field exceeds 1,000 metric tonnes] (counting any resulting fraction of a period as a whole period)

[F80and for the purposes of paragraph (b) above 1,100 cubic metres of gas at a temperature of 15 degrees centigrade and pressure of one atmosphere shall be counted as equivalent to one metric tonne].

(2)The adjusted profit of a participator in an oil field for any chargeable period shall be determined as follows—

(a)there shall be ascertained—

(i)the assessable profit (without any reduction under section 7 or 8 of this Act) or allowable loss accruing to him in that period; and

(ii)the total amount taken into account under section 2(9)(b), (c), (d) [F81, (e) [F82(f) and (g)]] of this Act in computing that profit or loss, excluding expenditure so taken into account under section 2(9)(b)(i) or (c)(i) which was not allowed as qualifying for supplement under section 2(9)(b)(ii) or (c)(ii);

(b)if there is a profit under paragraph (a)(i) above, the sum of that profit and the total ascertained under paragraph (a)(ii) above is his adjusted profit for the period;

(c)if there is a loss under paragraph (a)(i) above smaller than the total ascertained under paragraph (a)(ii) above, the difference is his adjusted profit for the period.

(3)The accumulated capital expenditure of a participator in an oil field at the end of any chargeable period is the total amount of expenditure taken into account under section 2(9)(b)(i) and (c)(i) of this Act in computing the assessable profit or allowable loss accruing to him in that period and all earlier chargeable periods excluding all expenditure so taken into account which was not allowed as qualifying for supplement under section 2(9)(b)(ii) or (c)(ii).

(4)Where a participator has made an election under paragraph 9(1) of Schedule 3 to this Act the amount of any reduction by virtue of this section in the tax payable by him for any chargeable period shall not be greater than it would have been if he had not made any such election and for the purposes of subsection (3) above his accumulated capital expenditure at the end of any chargeable period shall be taken to be what it would have been if he had made no such election.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F79Words substituted by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 91(1) with respect to any oil field in respect of which the first chargeable period ends after 30 June 1985

F80Words added by Finance Act 1985 (c. 54), s. 91(1) with respect to any oil field in respect of which the first chargeable period ends after 30 June 1985

F81Words substituted by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 37(2) and Sch. 8 Part II para. 4

F82Words substituted by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 64(2) and Sch. 13 Part II para. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C45See Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 106 and Sch. 17 para. 18

C46See Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), s. 7(6)(b) for reduction of supplement when there are disposal receipts in any chargeable period ending after 30 June 1982

C47See Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), ss. 64(3), 65(6)(b), Sch. 13 para. 12(3) and Sch. 14 para. 13

[F839A Operating expenditure incurred while section 9 applies.E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F83S. 9A inserted (28.7.2000 with effect in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 21.3.2000) by 2000 c. 17, s. 139(1)(2)

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) below apply where—

(a)operating expenditure is incurred by a participator in an oil field during a chargeable period to which section 9(1) of this Act applies (“the relevant chargeable period”);

(b)a claim for the allowance of the expenditure is made under Schedule 5 or 6 for the claim period which coincides with the relevant chargeable period (“the relevant claim period”); and

(c)the claim is made more than four months after the end of the relevant claim period.

(2)The Board shall not allow the expenditure except to such extent (if any) as they consider necessary to secure that the participator’s overall liability to tax is no greater than it would have been if the claim had been allowed before the Board had made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to the participator in respect of the field for the relevant chargeable period.

(3)Any amounts of oil allowance which, if the claim had been allowed before the Board had made an assessment to tax or a determination on or in relation to the participator in respect of the field for the relevant chargeable period, would not have been utilised by him in that period, or any subsequent chargeable period, shall be disregarded for the purposes of section 8(6) of this Act.

(4)Where—

(a)the participator transfers the whole or part of his interest in the oil field to another person; and

(b)Parts II and III of Schedule 17 to the M4Finance Act 1980 apply to the transfer,

subsections (2) and (3) above shall have effect as if references to the participator included references to that other person.

(5)In this section—

  • acquisition”, in relation to an asset, includes acquisition of an interest in the asset;

  • capital expenditure” means expenditure on the acquisition or construction of an asset which is to be used for any of the following purposes—

    (a)

    for ascertaining the extent or characteristics of any oil-bearing area wholly or partly included in the field, or what the reserves of oil of any such oil-bearing area are;

    (b)

    for winning oil from the field;

    (c)

    for transporting oil won from the field, whether to a place in the United Kingdom or to a place in another country; or

    (d)

    for the initial treatment or initial storage of oil won from the field;

  • operating expenditure” means any expenditure other than capital expenditure.

(6)Where a claim period is a period of twelve months, this section shall have effect as if—

(a)that period were two separate claim periods of six months each;

(b)any claim for that period under Schedule 5 or 6 were two separate claims, one for each of those separate periods; and

(c)the operating expenditure to which that claim relates were apportioned between those separate periods and those separate claims in such manner as may be just and reasonable.]

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Marginal Citations

10 Modification of Part I in connection with certain gas sold to British Gas Corporation.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In computing under section 2 of this Act the gross profit or loss (if any) accruing to a participator in any chargeable period from an oil field—

(a)any oil consisting of gas sold to the British Gas Corporation under a contract made before the end of June 1975 shall be disregarded; and

(b)if at the end of that chargeable period the participator’s share, exclusive of oil falling within paragraph (a) above or used for production purposes, of the total amount of oil ever won and saved from the field does not exceed 5 per cent. of his share of the total amount of oil so falling which was ever so won and saved, his share of the oil won and saved from the field but not so falling shall also be disregarded;

and in the following provisions of this section any oil which falls to be disregarded under this subsection is referred to as “excluded oil”.

(2)Excluded oil shall be deemed not to be oil for the purposes of the following provisions of this Act, namely section 2(7) and (9), section 3 (except paragraphs (a) to (c) [F84(hh), (i) and (j) of subsection (1) and [F85subsections (1C) and (1D)]]) and section 4 (including, in the case of any expression used in any of those provisions which is defined elsewhere, its definition so far as it has effect for the purpose of that provision); and in computing under section 2 of this Act the licence debit or credit (if any) of a participator in an oil field for any chargeable period, any royalty repaid to him in the period in respect of excluded oil shall be disregarded.

[F86(3)Subsections (3A) to (3H) below apply where, in the case of any taxable field, the oil—

(a)won and saved from the field, or

(b)expected to be won and saved from the field,

includes oil falling within subsection (1)(a) above.

(3A)Any expenditure allowable under section 3 of this Act for the field by virtue of any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of section 3(1) of this Act shall be a proportion of what it would otherwise have been.

(3B)The proportion mentioned in subsection (3A) above is that which, according to estimates submitted to the Secretary of State after the end of June 1975 and approved by him as reasonable, the field’s original reserves of oil exclusive of oil falling within subsection (1)(a) above bear to the field’s original reserves of oil inclusive of oil so falling.

(3C)Until estimates have been submitted and approved for the purpose of subsection (3B) above, the expenditure allowable for the field under section 3 of this Act by virtue of section 3(1)(a), (b) or (c) of this Act shall be deemed to be nil.

(3D)Any expenditure allowable under section 3 of this Act for the field by virtue of section 3(1)(hh) of this Act shall be a portion of what it would otherwise have been.

(3E)That portion is determined in accordance with the following rules—

1.Identify the abandonment guarantee (within the meaning given by section 104 of the Finance Act 1991 (c. 31)) on the obtaining of which the expenditure was incurred.

2.Identify the liabilities covered by the guarantee.

3.Identify which of those liabilities relate to qualifying assets.

4.Identify the portion of the expenditure that it is just and reasonable to apportion to the liabilities identified under rule 3.

5.Identify the qualifying assets to which the liabilities identified under rule 3 relate.

6.Identify the use of those qualifying assets that has been (or is expected to be) non-excluded use.

7.Assume that expenditure is incurred on the provision of those qualifying assets and identify the proportion of the hypothetical expenditure that it would be just and reasonable to apportion to the use of those assets identified under rule 6.

8.The portion mentioned in subsection (3D) above is then determined by multiplying—

(i)the portion identified under rule 4, by

(ii)the proportion (expressed as a fraction) identified under rule 7.

(3F)Any expenditure allowable under section 3 of this Act for the field by virtue of section 3(1)(i) or (j) of this Act shall be a portion of what it would otherwise have been.

(3G)That portion is determined in accordance with the following rules—

1.Identify the qualifying asset that is relevant to the incurring of the expenditure.

2.Identify the use of that qualifying asset that has been non-excluded use.

3.Assume that expenditure is incurred on the provision of that qualifying asset and identify the proportion of the hypothetical expenditure that it would be just and reasonable to apportion to the use of that asset identified under rule 2.

4.The portion mentioned in subsection (3F) above is then determined by multiplying—

(i)the expenditure, by

(ii)the proportion (expressed as a fraction) identified under rule 3.

(3H)In subsections (3E) and (3G) above—

  • non-excluded use” means—

    (a)

    use in connection with the winning and saving of oil, other than excluded oil, from the field, or

    (b)

    use giving rise to receipts that, for the purposes of the Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), are tariff receipts attributable to a participator in the field;

  • qualifying asset” has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of the Oil Taxation Act 1983 (see section 8 of that Act).]

(4)A return made under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act by a participator in an oil field need not, in the case of oil falling within subsection (1)(a) above, state the price received or receivable for the oil.

(5)For the purposes of this section [F871,100 cubic metres] of oil consisting of gas at the temperature and pressure mentioned in section 1(4) of this Act shall be counted as equivalent to one [F87metric tonne] of oil other than gas.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F85Words in s. 10(2) substituted (11.5.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 102(4) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 9, s. 102(3)

F86S. 10(3)-(3H) substituted (11.5.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 103(2) of the amending Act) for s. 10(3) by 2001 c. 9, s. 103(1)

F87Words substituted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 21(3) deemed to have taken effect on 1 January 1979

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C49See Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 106 and Sch. 17 para. 9 relating to interests in oil fields transferred after 1 August 1980

C50S. 10(1)(a) modified (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. I paras. 1, 11(a)

S. 10(1)(a) modified (retrospectively) by 1999 c. 16, s. 94(2)

C51S. 10(1)(b) modified (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34 s. 209(3)

11 Application of Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1968.E+W+S+N.I.

Section 1 of the M5Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1968 shall apply to petroleum revenue tax ; and accordingly, in subsection (1) of that section after the words “income tax” there shall be inserted the words “ petroleum revenue tax ”.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

12 Interpretation of Part I.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Part of this Act—

  • calendar month” (where those words are used) [F88has] the meaning given by paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 3 to this Act;

  • chargeable period”, in relation to an oil field, has the meaning given by section 1(3) of this Act;

  • claim period”, in relation to an oil field, has the meaning given by paragraph 1 of Schedule 5 to this Act; “crude”, where the reference is to oil being disposed of or appropriated crude, refers to its being so dealt with without having been refined (whether or not it has previously undergone initial treatment); “determination”, in a context relating to an assessment or determination on or in relation to a participator, means a determination under Schedule 2 to this Act that a loss is allowable to him or that neither an assessable profit nor an allowable loss has accrued to him;

  • initial storage”, in relation to oil won from an oil field, means the storage F89. . . of a quantity of oil won from the field not exceeding, in the case of storage in the United Kingdom [F90or another country], a quantity equal to ten times the maximum daily production rate of oil for the field as planned or achieved (whichever is the greater), but does not include—

(a)the storing of oil as part of or in conjunction with the operation of an oil refinery; or

(b)deballasting; or

(c)conveying oil in a pipe-line;

  • initial treatment”, in relation to oil won from an oil field, means the doing, at any place F89. . ., of any of the following things, that is to say—

(a)subjecting oil won from the field to any process of which the sole purpose is to enable the oil to be safely stored, safely loaded into a tanker or safely accepted by an oil refinery; or

[F91(b)separating oil so won and consisting of gas from other oil so won; or

(c)separating oil so won and consisting of gas of a kind that is transported and sold in normal commercial practice from other oil so won and consisting of gas; or

(d)liquifying oil so won and consisting of gas of such a kind as aforesaid for the purpose of transporting it; or

(e)subjecting oil so won to any process of which the purpose is to secure that oil disposed of crude has the quality that is normal for oil so disposed of from the field,]

but does not include—

(i)the storing of oil even where this involves the doing to the oil of things within [F92any of paragraphs (a) to (e) of this definition] or

[F93(ii)any activity carried on as part of, or in association with, the refining of oil not consisting of gas or any activity the sole or main purpose of which is to achieve a chemical reaction in respect of oil consisting of gas; or]

(iii)deballasting;

  • land” includes land in the United Kingdom [F94or another country]covered with water;

  • licence” means a licence under [F95Part I of the Petroleum Act 1998]or the M6Petroleum (Production) Act (Northern Ireland) 1964 authorising the winning of oil, and “licensed area” shall be construed accordingly;

  • licensee” means—

(a)the person entitled to the benefit of a licence or, where two or more persons are entitled to the benefit of a licence, each of those persons; and

(b)a person who has rights under an agreement which is approved by the Board and is certified by the Secretary of State to confer on that person rights which are the same as, or similar to, those conferred by a licence;

  • [F96light gases”, except in relation to an election under section 134 of the Finance Act 1982 or section 109 of the Finance Act 1986, means oil consisting of gas of which the largest component by volume over any chargeable period, measured at a temperature of 15 degrees centigrade and a pressure of one atmosphere, is methane or ethane or a combination of those gases]

  • oil” has the meaning given by section 1(1) of this Act;

  • oil field” shall be construed in accordance with Schedule 1 to this Act [F97and “taxable field” and “non-taxable field” have the same meaning as in Part III of the Finance Act 1993];

  • participator” (except in paragraph 4 of Schedule 2 to this Act) means, in relation to an oil field and any chargeable period—

(a)a person who is or was at any time in that chargeable period a licensee in respect of any licensed area then wholly or partly included in the field; and

(b)a person who is no longer a licensee in respect of any licensed area wholly or partly included in the field, but who was such a licensee at any time in either of the two chargeable periods preceding that chargeable period; and

(c)a person who is no longer a licensee in respect of any licensed area wholly or partly included in the field (and who does not fall within paragraph (b) of this definition), but who has or had at any time in that chargeable period a share of oil won (whether or not in that period) from the field, being a share with respect to any part of which either of the following conditions is or was satisfied at that time, that is to say—

(i)he has or had neither disposed of that part nor relevantly appropriated it; or

(ii)he has or had disposed of, but not delivered, that part;

  • pipe-line” means a pipe-line as defined in section 65 of the M7Pipe-lines Act 1962;

  • production purposes”, in relation to an oil field, means any of the following purposes, that is to say—

(a)carrying on drilling or production operations within the field; or

(b)in the case of oil won from the field that was so won from strata in the sea bed and subsoil of either the territorial sea of the United Kingdom or a designated area, pumping it to the place where it is first landed in the United Kingdom [F98or to the place in the United Kingdom [F99or another country]at which the seller in a sale at arm’s length could reasonably be expected to deliver it or, if there is more than one place at which he could reasonably be expected to deliver it, the one nearest to the place of extraction]; or

(c)the initial treatment of oil won from the field;

  • [F100refining”, in relation to oil, does not include subjecting it to initial treatment and “refined” and “refinery” shall be construed accordingly;];

  • relevant licence”, in relation to a participator in an oil field, means any licence held or previously held by him in respect of a licensed area wholly or partly included in the field;

  • relevantly appropriated”, in relation to oil won from an oil field, means appropriated to refining or to any use except use for production purposes [F101in relation to that or any other oil field], and “relevant appropriation” shall be construed accordingly;

  • the responsible person”, in relation to an oil field, has the meaning given by paragraph 4 of Schedule 2 to this Act;

  • royalty”, in relation to a participator in an oil field, means royalty payable (but not, it is hereby declared, oil delivered) to the Secretary of State under any relevant licence;

  • tax” or “the tax” means petroleum revenue tax.

(2)In this Part of this Act any reference to the use of an asset in connection with an oil field is a reference to its use in connection with that field for one or more of the purposes mentioned in section 3(1) of this Act (excluding section 3(1)(b)).

(3)In this Part of this Act any reference (however worded) to the doing of anything in a chargeable period in connection with an oil field or with oil won from an oil field shall, [F102as regards the first chargeable period for any oil field], be construed as including the doing of that thing in connection with the area of the field as subsequently determined under Schedule 1 to this Act or, as the case may be, with oil won from that area.

(4)In so far as a person is a participator in an oil field by virtue of a licence under the M8Petroleum (Production) Act (Northern Ireland) 1964, references in this Part of this Act to the Secretary of State (except references in Schedule 1) shall be construed in his case as references to the Department of Commerce for Northern Ireland.

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Amendments (Textual)

F88Word substituted by Finance Act 1987 (c. 16), s. 62(3) and Sch. 11 para. 5 for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1986

F89Words in s. 12(1) repealed (16.7.1992 with effect as mentioned in ss. 55(3), 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), ss. 55(3), 74, 82, Sch. 15 para. 3(a), Sch. 18 Pt. VIII

F90Words in s. 12(1) inserted (16.7.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 3(b).

F91Paragraphs (b)–(e) substituted for paragraph (b) by Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109(2)(3) in relation to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1979

F92Words substituted by Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109(2)(3) in relation to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1979

F93Paragraph (ii) substituted by Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109(4) in relation to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1979

F94Words in s. 12(1) inserted (16.7.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 3(c).

F95Words in s. 12(1) substituted (15.2.1999) by 1998 c. 17, s. 50, Sch. 4 para. 7(3) (with s. 9(1)(2)); S.I. 1999/161, art. 2(1)

F96S. 12(1): definition inserted (3.5.1994) by 1994 c. 9, s. 236(4)

F97Words in definition of “ oil field” in s. 12(1) added (27.7.1993) by Finance Act 1993 c. 34, s. 185(5)

F98Words inserted by Finance (No. 2) Act 1979 (c. 47), s. 20(1) in relation to expenditure claimed after 31 December 1978

F99Words in s. 12(1) inserted (16.7.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 74(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 1992 (c. 48), s. 74, Sch. 15 para. 3(d).

F100Definitions inserted by Finance Act 1980 (c. 48), s. 109(5) in relation to chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1979

F101Words inserted by Finance Act 1983 (c. 49), s. 39, deemed to be effective for chargeable periods ending after 31 December 1977

F102Words repealed by Finance Act 1982 (c. 39), ss. 135(4), 157 and Sch. 22 Part IX in relation to determinations made after 31 December 1981

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C54S. 12 applied (6.3.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 289(1)(2) of the amending Act) by Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12), ss. 197(1), 289 (with ss. 60, 101(1), 171, 201(3))

C55Definition of “chargeable period” employed for purposes of Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1, SIF 63:1), s. 500

C56Definitions of "initial storage" and "initial treatment": see Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), Sch. 1 para. 1(4) in relation to expenditure on associated assets used in connection with an external field.

C57Definitions of “initial storage”, “oil field” and “participator” applied for purposes of Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1, SIF 63:1), s. 502

C58Definitions of "licence", "licensee" and "oil" applied for purposes of Finance Act 1988 (c.39, SIF 63:1,2), ss. 62-64.

C59Definition of “relevantly appropriated”: see Oil Taxation Act 1983 (c. 56), Sch. 2 para. 12(2)(b) in relation to oil purchased at place of extraction

C60Definitions of "relevant appropriation" applied for purposes of Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1, SIF 63:1), S. 493(2)

C61The Department of Commerce for Northern Ireland to be construed as the Department of Economic Development by S.I. 1982 No. 846 (N.I. 11) from 6 September 1982 by N.I. Order 1982 No. 221 (C. 4)

Marginal Citations

Part IIE+W+S+N.I.

13–19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F103E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F103Part II (ss. 13–19) repealed by Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1, SIF 63:1), s. 844 and Sch. 31

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Amendments (Textual)

F103Part II (ss. 13–19) repealed by Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (c. 1, SIF 63:1), s. 844 and Sch. 31

Part IIIE+W+S+N.I. Miscellaneous and General

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C62Part III (s. 21) modified (27.7.1993) by Finance Act 1993 c. 34, ss. 191(1)(2), 195(1)

Part III (s. 21) restricted (27.7.1993) by Finance Act 1993 c. 34, ss. 185(3)(4)(d)(e), 195(1)

20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F104E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

21 Citation, interpretation and construction.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Oil Taxation Act 1975.

(2)In this Act—

  • the Board” means the Commissioners of Inland Revenue;

  • designated area” means an area designated by Order in Council under section 1(7) of the M9Continental Shelf Act 1964;

  • the Taxes Act” means the Income and Corporation Taxes Act [F1051988].

(3)Parts II and III of this Act, so far as they relate to income tax, shall be construed as one with the Income Tax Acts and, so far as they relate to corporation tax, shall be construed as one with the Corporation Tax Acts.

(4)Except so far as the context otherwise requires, any reference in this Act to any enactment shall be construed as a reference to that enactment as amended, and as including a reference to that enactment as applied, by or under any other enactment, including this Act.

F106(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

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