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15.—(1) A special measures direction may provide for a video recording of an interview of the witness to be admitted as evidence in chief of the witness.
(2) A special measures direction may, however, not provide for a video recording, or a part of such a recording, to be admitted under this Article if the court is of the opinion, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, that in the interests of justice the recording, or that part of it, should not be so admitted.
(3) In considering for the purposes of paragraph (2) whether any part of a recording should not be admitted under this Article, the court must consider whether any prejudice to the accused which might result from that part being so admitted is outweighed by the desirability of showing the whole, or substantially the whole, of the recorded interview.
(4) Where a special measures direction provides for a recording to be admitted under this Article, the court may nevertheless subsequently direct that it is not to be so admitted if—
(a)it appears to the court that—
(i)the witness will not be available for cross-examination (whether conducted in the ordinary way or in accordance with any such direction), and
(ii)the parties to the proceedings have not agreed that there is no need for the witness to be so available; or
(b)any rules of court requiring disclosure of the circumstances in which the recording was made have not been complied with to the satisfaction of the court.
(5) Where a recording is admitted under this Article—
(a)the witness must be called by the party tendering it in evidence, unless—
(i)a special measures direction provides for the witness's evidence on cross-examination to be given [F1in any recording admissible under Article 16], or
(ii)the parties to the proceedings have agreed as mentioned in paragraph (4)(a)(ii); and
[F2(b)the witness may not without the permission of the court give evidence in chief otherwise than by means of the recording as to any matter which, in the opinion of the court, is dealt with in the witness's recorded testimony.]
(6) Where in accordance with paragraph (2) a special measures direction provides for part only of a recording to be admitted under this Article, references in paragraphs (4) and (5) to the recording or to the witness's recorded testimony are references to the part of the recording or testimony which is to be so admitted.
(7) The court may give permission for the purposes of [F3paragraph (5)(b)] if it appears to the court to be in the interests of justice to do so,and may do so either—
(a)on an application by a party to the proceedings, F4. . . or
(b)of its own motion.
(8) F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[F8(9A) If the court directs under paragraph (9) that evidence is to be given by live link, it may also make such provision in that direction as it could make under Article 12(1A) in a special measures direction.]
(10) A magistrates' court conducting a preliminary investigation or preliminary inquiry may consider any video recording in relation to which it is proposed to apply for a special measures direction providing for it to be admitted at the trial in accordance with this Article.
(11) Nothing in this Article affects the admissibility of any video recording which would be admissible apart from this Article.
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