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The Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order 1985

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Power to grant licencesN.I.

18.—(1) Articles 4, 6, 8, 9, 10(1), (2) [F1, (4) and (4A)], 12(1) and (2), 14(1), and orders under Article 16, do not apply to anything done—

(a)for scientific [F2, research] or educational purposes;

(b)for the purpose of photography;

(c)for the purpose of preventing the spread of disease; or

(d)for the purpose of preserving public health or public or air safety,

if it is done under and in accordance with a licence granted by the Department.

(2) Articles 4, 6, 8 and 9 and orders under Article 16 do not apply to anything done—

(a)for the purpose of ringing or marking, or examining any ring or mark on, wild birds or their eggs;

[F3(aa)for the purposes of the re-population of an area with, or the re-introduction into an area of, wild birds, including any breeding necessary for those purposes;

(ab)for the purpose of conserving flora or fauna;]

(b)for the purpose of conserving wild birds;

(c)for the purpose of protecting any collection of wild birds;

(d)for the purposes of falconry or aviculture;

(e)for the purposes of any public exhibition or competition;

(f)for the purposes of taxidermy; or

(g)for the purposes of preventing serious damage to livestock, foodstuffs for livestock, crops, vegetables, fruit, growing timber, pasture [F4, fisheries or inland waters],

if it is done under and in accordance with the terms of a licence granted by the Department.

[F5(2A) The Department—

(a)shall not grant a licence for any purpose mentioned in paragraph (1) or (2) in relation to a wild bird unless it is satisfied that, as regards that purpose, there is no other satisfactory solution; and

(b)shall not grant a licence for any purpose mentioned in paragraphs (1)(b) or (2)(d) to (f) otherwise than on a selective basis and in respect of a small number of birds.”.]

(3) Articles 10(1), (2) [F1, (4) and (4A)], 12(1) and (2) and 14(1), and orders under Article 16, do not apply to anything done—

(a)for the purpose of ringing or marking, or examining any ring or mark on, wild animals;

(b)for the purpose of conserving wild animals [F6, wild birds] or wild plants or introducing them to particular areas;

(c)for the purpose of protecting any zoological or botanical collection; or

(d)for the purpose of preventing serious damage to livestock, foodstuffs for livestock, crops, vegetables, fruit, growing timber, pasture or any other form of property or to fisheries,

if it is done under and in accordance with the terms of a licence granted by the Department.

[F7(3A) Article 10(4) does not apply to anything done for the purpose of any development if it is done under and in accordance with the terms of a licence granted by the Department.]

(4) Articles 7(1) and (2), 13(1) and (2), 14(1)(a) and (2) [F8, 15 or 15A] do not apply to anything done under and in accordance with the terms of a licence granted by the Department.

[F9(4A) Article 12A(1)(a) does not apply to anything done for the purpose of enabling a spring trap to be developed or tested with a view to its being approved under Article 12A(3) if it is done under and in accordance with a licence granted by the Department.]

(5) Subject to[F10 paragraphs (6) and (6A)], a licence under the foregoing provisions of this Article—

(a)may be, to any degree, general or specific;

(b)may be granted either to persons of a class or to a particular person;

(c)may be subject to compliance with any specified conditions;

(d)may be modified or revoked at any time by the Department; and

(e)subject to sub-paragraph (d) shall be valid for such period as may be stated in the licence;

and the Department may charge therefor such reasonable sum (if any) as it may determine.

[F10(6) A licence under this Article which authorises any person to kill wild birds—

(a)shall specify—

(i)the species of wild birds which may be killed;

[F11(ia)the circumstances in which, and the conditions subject to which, such birds may be killed;]

(ii)the area within which, and the methods by which such wild birds may be killed; and

(b)subject to paragraph (5)(d), shall be valid for the period, not exceeding two years, stated in the licence.

(6A) A licence under this Article which authorises any person to kill wild animals—

(a)shall specify—

(i)the species of wild animals which may be killed and the person who is authorised to kill them;

(ii)the area within which, and the methods by which such wild animals may be killed; and

(b)subject to paragraph (5)(d), shall be valid for the period, not exceeding two years, stated in the licence.]

(7) For the purposes of a licence granted under the foregoing provisions of this Article, the definition of a class of persons may be framed by reference to any circumstances whatever including, in particular, their being authorised by any other person.

[F12(8) In this Article—

development ” has the meaning given in Article 11 of the Planning (Northern Ireland) Order 1991;

“re-population” and “ re-introduction ”, in relation to wild birds, have the same meanings as in the Directive of the Council of the European Communities dated 2nd April 1979 ( No. 79/409/EEC ) on the conservation of wild birds. ]

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F9Art. 18(4A) inserted (30.1.2012 for specified purposes, 12.3.2012 in so far as not already in operation) by Wildlife and Natural Environment Act (Northern Ireland) 2011 (c. 15), ss. 11(2), 40(1); S.R. 2012/21, art. 2(1)(2)(a)

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