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Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

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Newidiadau dros amser i: Cross Heading: Nature reserves, ... and Ramsar sites

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Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, Cross Heading: Nature reserves, ... and Ramsar sites yn gyfredol gyda’r holl newidiadau y gwyddys eu bod mewn grym ar neu cyn 16 Medi 2019. Mae newidiadau a all gael eu dwyn i rym yn y dyfodol. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

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[F1Nature reserves, F2... and Ramsar sitesE+W+S

Textual Amendments

F2Words in cross-heading preceding s. 34A omitted (E.W.) (12.1.2010 so far as not relating to MCZs in W., 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 146(1), 324(2)(b)(i), Sch. 11 para. 2(3) (with s. 145); S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b); and those same words repealed (S.) (1.7.2010) by Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 5), ss. 167, 168(1), Sch. 4 para. 5(a) (with s. 162); S.S.I. 2010/230, art. 2(h)

34AMeaning of “appropriate conservation body”E+W+S

In the following provisions of this Part “the appropriate conservation body” means—

(a)in relation to England, Natural England;

(b)in relation to Wales, [F3the Natural Resources Body for Wales];

(c)in relation to Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage.]

Textual Amendments

X135 National nature reserves.E+W+S

(1)Where [F4the appropriate conservation body] are satisfied that any land which—

(a)is being managed as a nature reserve under an agreement entered into with [F4the appropriate conservation body];

(b)is held by [F4the appropriate conservation body] and is being managed by them as a nature reserve; or

(c)is held by an approved body and is being managed by that body as a nature reserve,

is of national importance, they may declare that land to be a national nature reserve.

[F5(1A)The land which may be declared to be a national nature reserve in England or Wales includes—

(a)any land lying above mean low water mark;

(b)any land covered by estuarial waters.

(1B)Where the area of land to which a declaration under subsection (1) relates includes land falling within subsection (1A)(a) or (b) (“area A”), it may also include land not falling within subsection (1A)(a) or (b) (“area B”) if—

(a)area B adjoins area A, and

(b)any of the conditions in subsection (1C) is satisfied.

(1C)The conditions are—

(a)that the flora, fauna or features leading to the management of area A as a nature reserve is or are also present in area B;

(b)that the management of area A as a nature reserve is by reason of any flora or fauna which are dependent (wholly or in part) on anything which takes place in, or is present in, area B;

(c)that, without the inclusion of area B, the identification of the boundary of the land declared to be a national nature reserve (either in the declaration or on the ground for the purposes of exercising functions in relation to it) would be impossible or impracticable.

(1D)The ministerial authority may issue guidance to the appropriate conservation body about the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (1B) to make a declaration in relation to land lying below mean low water mark.

The ministerial authority” has the meaning given by section 35A(12).]

(2)A declaration by [F4the appropriate conservation body] that any land is a national nature reserve shall be conclusive of the matters declared; and subsections (4) and (5) of section 19 of the 1949 Act shall apply in relation to any such declaration as they apply in relation to a declaration under that section.

(3)On the application of the approved body concerned, [F4the appropriate conservation body], as respects any land which is declared to be a national nature reserve under subsection (1)(c), make byelaws for the protection of the reserve.

(4)Subsections (2) and (3) of section 20 and section 106 of the 1949 Act shall apply in relation to byelaws under this section as they apply in relation to byelaws under the said section 20.

(5)In this section—

  • approved body” means a body approved by [F4the appropriate conservation body] for the purposes of this section;

  • nature reserve” has the same meaning as in Part III of the 1949 Act.

Editorial Information

X1The insertion of the new cross-heading "Nature reserves, marine nature reserves and Ramsar sites" in Part II on 1.10.2006 gives rise to a change in the structure of this legislation on SLD which breaks the continuity of historical versions of the existing provisions which are now brought under that new heading.

Textual Amendments

F5S. 35(1A)-(1D) inserted (E.W.) (12.1.2010 for E., 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 148, 324(2)(b)(ii), Sch. 13 para. 10 (with Sch. 13 para. 10(2)); S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b)

[F635APower to call in subtidal declarationsE+W+S

(1)This section applies where—

(a)the appropriate conservation body propose to declare land to be a national nature reserve under section 35(1), and

(b)the land to which the proposed declaration relates includes, by virtue of section 35(1B), land lying below mean low water mark (“the subtidal land”).

(2)The appropriate conservation body may not declare the reserve unless, at least 21 days before doing so, they have given notice of their intention to the ministerial authority.

(3)At any time before the reserve is declared the ministerial authority may give notice to the appropriate conservation body that the ministerial authority is considering whether to give a direction under subsection (5) regarding the subtidal land.

(4)If the ministerial authority gives notice under subsection (3), the appropriate conservation body may not declare the reserve until the ministerial authority has given a direction under subsection (5).

(5)The ministerial authority may direct—

(a)that the reserve (if declared) must include all of the subtidal land;

(b)that the reserve (if declared) must not include any of the subtidal land;

(c)that the reserve (if declared) must, or must not, include such part of that land as is specified in the direction;

(d)that the decision whether the reserve (if declared) should include the subtidal land is to be taken by the appropriate conservation body.

(6)The ministerial authority may, before deciding whether to give a direction under subsection (5), give to any person the opportunity of—

(a)appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the ministerial authority for that purpose;

(b)providing written representations to such a person.

(7)A person appointed under subsection (6) must make a report to the ministerial authority of any oral or written representations made under that subsection.

(8)The ministerial authority may make regulations providing for the procedure to be followed (including decisions as to costs) at hearings held under subsection (6).

(9)The power to make regulations under subsection (8) is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(10)A statutory instrument containing regulations made under subsection (8) by the Secretary of State shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(11)A statutory instrument containing regulations made under subsection (8) by the Welsh Ministers shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the National Assembly for Wales.

(12)In this section “the ministerial authority” means—

(a)in relation to England, the Secretary of State;

(b)in relation to Wales, the Welsh Ministers.]

Textual Amendments

F6S. 35A inserted (E.W.) (12.11.2009 for certain purposes, 12.1.2010 for E., 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 148, 324(1)(c)(2)(b)(ii), Sch. 13 para. 11; S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b)

F736 Marine nature reserves.E+W+S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F7S. 36 repealed (E.W.) (12.1.2010 so far as not relating to MCZs in W., 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 146, 321, 324(2)(b)(i)(4), Sch. 11 para. 2(2)(a), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with s. 145, Sch. 12); S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b)(c); and s. 36 repealed (S.) (1.7.2010) by Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 5), ss. 167, 168(1), Sch. 4 para. 5(b) (with s. 162); S.S.I. 2010/230, art. 2(h)

[F837 Byelaws for protection of marine nature reserves.E+W+S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Textual Amendments

F8S. 37 repealed (E.W.) (12.1.2010 so far as not relating to MCZs in W., 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 146, 321, 324(2)(b)(i)(4), Sch. 11 para. 2(2)(a), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with s. 145, Sch. 12); S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b)(c); and s. 37 repealed (S.) (1.7.2010) by Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 5), ss. 167, 168(1), Sch. 4 para. 5(b) (with s. 162); S.S.I. 2010/230, art. 2(h)

X2[F937A Ramsar sites.E+W

(1)Where a wetland in Great Britain has been designated under paragraph 1 of article 2 of the Ramsar Convention for inclusion in the list of wetlands of international importance referred to in that article, the Secretary of State shall—

(a)notify [F10Natural England] if all or part of the wetland is in England;

(b)notify [F11the Natural Resources Body for Wales] if it is in Wales; or

(c)notify both of them if it is partly in England and partly in Wales.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), upon receipt of a notification under subsection (1), each body notified shall, in turn, notify—

(a)the local planning authority in whose area the wetland is situated;

(b)every owner and occupier of any of that wetland; [F12and]

F13(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)every relevant undertaker (within the meaning of section 4(1) of the M1Water Industry Act 1991) and every internal drainage board (within the meaning of section 61C(1) of the M2Land Drainage Act 1991) whose works, operations or activities may affect the wetland.

[F14(2A)Subject to subsection (3), upon receipt of a notification under subsection (1), Natural England shall, in turn, notify the Environment Agency.]

[F15(2B)Subject to subsection (3), upon receipt of a notification under subsection (1) relating to a wetland all or part of which is in a strategic planning area designated under section 60D of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, the Natural Resources Body for Wales shall, in turn, notify the strategic planning panel for that area.]

(3)[F10Natural England] and [F16the Natural Resources Body for Wales] may agree that in a case where the Secretary of State notifies both of them under subsection (1)(c), any notice under subsection (2) is to be sent by one or the other of them (and not both), so as to avoid duplicate notices under that subsection.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the “Ramsar Convention” is the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat signed at Ramsar on 2nd February 1971, as amended by—

(a)the Protocol known as the Paris Protocol done at Paris on 3rd December 1982; and

(b)the amendments known as the Regina Amendments adopted at the Extraordinary Conference of the Contracting Parties held at Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, between 28th May and 3rd June 1987.

(5)If the Ramsar Convention is further amended after the passing of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, the reference to the Ramsar Convention in subsection (1) is to be taken after the entry into force of the further amendments as referring to that Convention as further amended (and the reference to paragraph 1 of article 2 is, if necessary, to be taken as referring to the appropriate successor provision).]

Editorial Information

X2The insertion of the new cross-heading "Nature reserves, marine nature reserves and Ramsar sites" in Part II on 1.10.2006 gives rise to a change in the structure of this legislation on SLD which breaks the continuity of historical versions of the existing provisions which are now brought under that new heading.

Textual Amendments

F9S. 37A inserted (30.1.2001) by 2000 c. 37, ss. 77, 103(2)

F15S. 37A(2B) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 2 para. 7

Marginal Citations

F1738. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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