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Landfill Disposals Tax (Wales) Act 2017

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PART 2 E+WTHE TAX AND TAXABLE DISPOSALS

CHAPTER 1E+WLANDFILL DISPOSALS TAX

2The taxE+W

(1)A tax, to be known as landfill disposals tax, is to be charged on taxable disposals in accordance with this Act.

(2)The Welsh Revenue Authority (“WRA”) is responsible for the collection and management of the tax.

(3)References in this Act to tax (or to the tax) are references to landfill disposals tax.

CHAPTER 2E+WTAXABLE DISPOSALS

3Taxable disposalsE+W

(1)A taxable disposal is made when all of the following conditions are met.

(2)Condition 1 is that there is a disposal of material by way of landfill (see section 4).

(3)Condition 2 is that either—

(a)the land where the disposal is made is, or forms part of, an authorised landfill site (see section 5(1)), or

(b)the disposal requires an environmental permit (see section 5(2)) but the land where it is made is not, and does not form part of, an authorised landfill site.

(4)Condition 3 is that the disposal is a disposal of the material as waste (see sections 6 and 7).

(5)Condition 4 is that the disposal is made in Wales.

(6)See also section 8 for specified landfill site activities that are to be treated as taxable disposals (whether or not the above conditions are met).

4Disposal of material by way of landfillE+W

(1)There is a disposal of material by way of landfill if material is—

(a)deposited on the surface of land or on a structure set into the surface, or

(b)deposited under the surface of land (for example, in a cavity such as a cavern or mine).

(2)Subsection (1) applies whether or not the material is placed in a container before it is deposited.

(3)Regulations may modify the meaning of a disposal of material by way of landfill (including by amending this section or any other enactment relating to the tax).

5Authorised landfill sites and environmental permitsE+W

(1)Land is an authorised landfill site if an environmental permit authorising disposals of material by way of landfill is in force in relation to the land.

(2)An environmental permit is a permit granted under regulations made under section 2 of the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 (c. 24).

6Disposal of material as wasteE+W

(1)A disposal of material is a disposal of it as waste if the person responsible for the disposal intends to discard the material.

(2)An intention to discard material may be inferred from the circumstances of its disposal, and in particular from the fact (where it is the case) that the material is deposited in a landfill disposal area.

(3)The following are not to be treated as inconsistent with an intention to discard material—

(a)making a temporary use of the material, or a use of the material which is incidental to its disposal by way of landfill;

(b)deriving a benefit from the material or from anything emitted by it (for example, using gas produced by its decomposition in electricity generation).

(4)Regulations may modify the meaning of a disposal of material as waste (including by amending this section or any other enactment relating to the tax).

7Disposal of material as waste: person responsible for disposalE+W

(1)This section identifies the person responsible for a disposal of material for the purposes of section 6.

(2)In the case of a disposal made at an authorised landfill site, the person responsible for the disposal is the person who is the operator of the site at the time of the disposal.

(3)But if the disposal is made without the permission of the operator, the person responsible for the disposal is the person who makes the disposal.

(4)The operator of an authorised landfill site is the holder of the environmental permit authorising disposals of material by way of landfill at the site.

(5)In the case of a disposal made at a place that is not, and does not form part of, an authorised landfill site, the person responsible for the disposal is the person who makes the disposal.

8Landfill site activities to be treated as taxable disposalsE+W

(1)The carrying out of a specified landfill site activity in Wales is to be treated as a taxable disposal of the material in relation to which the activity is carried out (whether or not the conditions in section 3 are met).

(2)The taxable disposal is to be treated as being made when the specified landfill site activity is first carried out in relation to the material.

(3)The following are specified landfill site activities when carried out at an authorised landfill site—

(a)using material to create or maintain a temporary road giving access to a landfill disposal area;

(b)using material to create or maintain a temporary hard standing;

(c)using material to create or maintain a cell bund;

(d)using material (other than naturally occurring material extracted from the site) to create or maintain a temporary screening bund;

(e)using material to cover a landfill disposal area during a temporary cessation in landfill disposals;

(f)placing material in a landfill disposal area to provide a base for, or prevent damage to, anything used to line, cap or drain that area;

(g)keeping material in a non-disposal area beyond the end of the maximum period specified in the notice designating the area under section 55, unless the material is dealt with in accordance with an agreement under section 56(4)(a);

(h)storing ashes (for example, fly ash and bottom ash);

(i)using material in restoration work.

(4)In subsection (3)—

  • cell bund” (“bwnd cell”) means a structure within a landfill disposal area which separates quantities of material deposited in that area;

  • hard standing” (“arwyneb solet”) means a base on which a landfill site activity is carried out;

  • restoration work” (“gwaith adfer”) means work carried out to restore an authorised landfill site (or any part of the site) to a use other than making landfill disposals; but work carried out to restore a landfill disposal area is restoration work only if it is carried out after the area has been capped;

  • screening bund” (“bwnd sgrinio”) means a structure, whether above or below ground, for protecting or concealing a landfill site activity or reducing noise.

(5)Regulations may—

(a)provide that a landfill site activity is to be a specified landfill site activity,

(b)modify the description of a specified landfill site activity, or

(c)provide that an activity is to cease to be a specified landfill site activity.

(6)The regulations may amend this section or any other enactment relating to the tax.

CHAPTER 3E+WEXEMPT DISPOSALS

9Exemptions: generalE+W

(1)This Chapter provides exemption from tax for certain disposals of material which would otherwise be treated as taxable disposals.

(2)A disposal of material that is exempt from tax is not a taxable disposal.

(3)In this Chapter, references to a disposal of material include the carrying out of a specified landfill site activity in relation to material.

10Multiple disposals of material at same siteE+W

A disposal of material is exempt from tax to the extent that—

(a)it is a disposal of material which has already been included in a taxable disposal—

(i)which was made at an authorised landfill site, and

(ii)in respect of which tax was chargeable, and

(b)it is made at the same authorised landfill site as that taxable disposal.

11Pet cemeteriesE+W

(1)A disposal of material is exempt from tax if—

(a)it is a disposal of material consisting entirely of the remains of dead pets (and any container or material in which the remains are contained), and

(b)it is made at an authorised landfill site which meets the condition in subsection (2).

(2)The condition is that no landfill disposals were made at the site during the relevant period other than disposals of material consisting entirely of the remains of dead pets (and any container or material in which the remains are contained).

(3)The relevant period is the period which—

(a)begins with the day on which this section comes into force, or on which the site becomes an authorised landfill site, whichever is later, and

(b)ends immediately before the disposal mentioned in subsection (1).

12Power to modify exemptionsE+W

(1)Regulations may—

(a)create an additional exemption from tax,

(b)modify an existing exemption, or

(c)remove an exemption.

(2)The regulations may provide for an exemption to apply subject to conditions (for example, a condition requiring WRA to be notified before a disposal is made).

(3)The regulations may amend any enactment relating to the tax.

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