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U.K.

Statutory Instruments

2019 No. 600

Exiting The European Union

Sanctions

The Republic of Belarus (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

Made

18th March 2019

Laid before Parliament

20th March 2019

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1(2)

The Secretary of State F1, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 1(1)(c) and (3)(b), 3(1)(a), (b)(ii), (d)(i) and (ii), 4, 5, 9(2)(a), 10(2)(a) and (c), (3) and (4), 11(2) to (9), 15(2)(a) and (b), (3), (4)(b), (5) and (6), 16, 17(2) to (9), 19, 20, 21(1), 54(1) and (2)(a), 56 and 62(4) to (6) of, and paragraphs 2(b), 4(b) and (c), 5(a)(ii) and (b), 6(a)(ii) and (b), 11(a)(ii), 13(b), (h), (k), (l), (m) and (n), 14(a), (f) and (k), 17(a), 19(a), 20 to 23 and 27 of Schedule 1 to, the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 F2, and having decided, upon consideration of the matters set out in section 2(2) and 56(1) of that Act, that it is appropriate to do so, makes the following Regulations:

F1The power to make regulations under Part 1 of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 is conferred on an “appropriate Minister”. Section 1(9)(a) of the Act defines an “appropriate Minister” as including the Secretary of State.

PART 1 U.K.General

Citation and commencementU.K.

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Republic of Belarus (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

(2) These Regulations come into force in accordance with regulations made under section 56 of the Act.

Commencement Information

I1Reg. 1 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I2Reg. 1 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(a)

InterpretationU.K.

2.  In these Regulations—

the Act” means the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018;

arrangement” includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions, whether or not legally enforceable (but see paragraph 12 of Schedule 1 for the meaning of that term in that Schedule);

Belarus” means the Republic of Belarus;

CEMA” means the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 F3;

the Commissioners” means the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs;

conduct” includes acts and omissions;

document” includes information recorded in any form and, in relation to information recorded otherwise than in legible form, references to its production include producing a copy of the information in legible form;

the Dual-Use Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 of 5 May 2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items;

the EU Belarus Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 of 18 May 2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus F4, as it has effect in EU law;

the Government of Belarus” includes its public bodies, corporations or agencies, or any person acting on its behalf or at its direction;

serious human rights violation or abuse” means a serious violation or abuse of any of the human rights specified in regulation 4;

trade licence” means a licence under regulation 33;

Treasury licence” means a licence under regulation 32(1);

United Kingdom person” has the same meaning as in section 21 of the Act.

F31979 c.2. Amendments have been made to this Act and are cited, where relevant, in respect of the applicable regulations.

F4OJ L 134 20.5.2006, p.1.

Commencement Information

I3Reg. 2 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I4Reg. 2 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(b)

Prospective

Application of prohibitions and requirements outside the United KingdomU.K.

3.—(1) A United Kingdom person may contravene a relevant prohibition by conduct wholly or partly outside the United Kingdom.

(2) Any person may contravene a relevant prohibition by conduct in the territorial sea.

(3) In paragraphs (1) and (2) a “relevant prohibition” means any prohibition imposed—

(a)by regulation 9 (confidential information),

(b)by Part 3 (Finance),

(c)by Part 5 (Trade), or

(d)by a condition of a Treasury licence or a trade licence.

(4) A United Kingdom person may comply, or fail to comply, with a relevant requirement by conduct wholly or partly outside the United Kingdom.

(5) Any person may comply, or fail to comply, with a relevant requirement by conduct in the territorial sea.

(6) In this regulation a “relevant requirement” means any requirement imposed—

(a)by or under Part 7 (Information and records), or by reason of a request made under a power conferred by that Part, or

(b)by a condition of a Treasury licence or a trade licence.

(7) Nothing in this regulation is to be taken to prevent a relevant prohibition or a relevant requirement from applying to conduct (by any person) in the United Kingdom.

Commencement Information

I5Reg. 3 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

PurposesU.K.

4.  The purposes of the regulations contained in this instrument that are made under section 1 of the Act are to encourage the Government of Belarus to—

(a)respect democratic principles and institutions, the separation of powers and the rule of law in Belarus,

(b)refrain from actions, policies or activities which repress civil society in Belarus,

(c)investigate properly and institute criminal proceedings against the persons responsible for the disappearances of Yury Zakharanka, Viktar Hanchar, Anatol Krasouski and Dzmitry Zavadski, and

(d)comply with international human rights law and to respect human rights, including in particular to—

(i)respect the right to life of persons in Belarus;

(ii)respect the right of persons not to be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in Belarus, including inhuman or degrading conditions in prisons;

(iii)afford persons in Belarus charged with criminal offences the right to a fair trial;

(iv)respect the right to liberty and security, including refraining from the arbitrary arrest and detention of persons in Belarus;

(v)afford journalists, human rights defenders and other persons in Belarus the right to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly;

(vi)secure the human rights of persons in Belarus without discrimination, including on the basis of a person's sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or other status.

Commencement Information

I6Reg. 4 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I7Reg. 4 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(c)

PART 2 U.K.Designation of persons

Power to designate personsU.K.

5.—(1) The Secretary of State may designate persons F5 by name for the purposes of any of the following—

(a)regulations 11 to 15 (Finance); and

(b)regulation 17 (Immigration).

(2) The Secretary of State may designate different persons for the purposes of the provisions mentioned in each of the sub-paragraphs of paragraph (1).

F5“Person” is defined by section 9(5) of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 to include (in addition to an individual and a body of persons corporate or unincorporate) any organisation and any association or combination of persons.

Commencement Information

I8Reg. 5 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I9Reg. 5 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(d)

Designation criteriaU.K.

6.—(1) The Secretary of State may not designate a person under regulation 5 unless the Secretary of State—

(a)has reasonable grounds to suspect that that person is an involved person, and

(b)considers that the designation of that person is appropriate, having regard to—

(i)the purposes stated in regulation 4, and

(ii)the likely significant effects of the designation on that person (as they appear to the Secretary of State to be on the basis of the information that the Secretary of State has).

(2) In this regulation an “involved person” means a person who—

(a)is or has been involved in—

(i)conduct enabling or facilitating—

(aa)the disappearance of Yury Zakharanka, Viktar Hanchar, Anatol Krasouski or Dzmitry Zavadski, or

(bb)the failure to investigate properly or institute criminal proceedings against the persons responsible for those disappearances,

(ii)the commission of a serious human rights violation or abuse in Belarus,

(iii)the repression of civil society or democratic opposition in Belarus, or

(iv)other actions, policies or activities which undermine democracy or the rule of law in Belarus,

(b)is owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by a person who is or has been so involved,

(c)is acting on behalf of or at the direction of a person who is or has been so involved, or

(d)is a member of, or associated with, a person who is or has been so involved.

(3) Any reference in this regulation to being involved in an activity set out in paragraphs (2)(a)(i) to (iv) above includes being so involved in whatever way and wherever any actions constituting the involvement take place, and in particular includes—

(a)being responsible for, engaging in, providing support for, or promoting, any such activity;

(b)providing financial services, or making available funds or economic resources, that could contribute to any such activity;

(c)being involved in the supply to Belarus of restricted goods or restricted technology or of material related to such goods or technology, or in providing financial services relating to such supply;

(d)being involved in the supply to Belarus of goods or technology which could contribute to any such activity, or in providing financial services relating to such supply;

(e)being involved in assisting the contravention or circumvention of any relevant provision.

(4) In this regulation “relevant provision” means—

(a)any provision of Part 3 (Finance) or Part 5 (Trade);

(b)any provision of the law of a country other than the United Kingdom made for purposes corresponding to a purpose of any provision of Part 3 (Finance) or Part 5 (Trade).

(5) Nothing in any paragraph of sub-paragraph (2)(a) is to be taken to limit the meaning of any of the other paragraphs of that sub-paragraph.

(6) Nothing in any sub-paragraph of paragraph (3) is to be taken to limit the meaning of any of the other sub-paragraphs of that paragraph.

(7) In this regulation, “restricted goods” and “restricted technology” have the meanings given by Part 5.

Commencement Information

I10Reg. 6 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I11Reg. 6 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(e)

Meaning of “owned or controlled directly or indirectly”U.K.

7.—(1) A person who is not an individual (“C”) is “owned or controlled directly or indirectly” by another person (“P”) if either of the following two conditions is met (or both are met).

(2) The first condition is that P—

(a)holds directly or indirectly more than 50% of the shares in C,

(b)holds directly or indirectly more than 50% of the voting rights in C, or

(c)holds the right directly or indirectly to appoint or remove a majority of the board of directors of C.

(3) Schedule 1 contains provision applying for the purpose of interpreting paragraph (2).

(4) The second condition is that it is reasonable, having regard to all the circumstances, to expect that P would (if P chose to) be able, in most cases or in significant respects, by whatever means and, whether directly or indirectly, to achieve the result that affairs of C are conducted in accordance with P's wishes.

Commencement Information

I12Reg. 7 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I13Reg. 7 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(f)

Notification and publicity where designation power usedU.K.

8.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies where the Secretary of State—

(a)has made a designation under regulation 5, or

(b)has by virtue of section 22 of the Act varied or revoked a designation made under that regulation.

(2) The Secretary of State—

(a)must without delay take such steps as are reasonably practicable to inform the designated person of the designation, variation or revocation, and

(b)must take steps to publicise the designation, variation or revocation.

(3) The information given under paragraph (2)(a) where a designation is made must include a statement of reasons.

(4) In this regulation a “statement of reasons”, in relation to a designation, means a brief statement of the matters that the Secretary of State knows, or has reasonable grounds to suspect, in relation to the designated person which have led the Secretary of State to make the designation.

(5) Matters that would otherwise be required by paragraph (4) to be included in a statement of reasons may be excluded from it where the Secretary of State considers that they should be excluded—

(a)in the interests of national security or international relations,

(b)for reasons connected with the prevention or detection of serious crime in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, or

(c)in the interests of justice.

(6) The steps taken under paragraph (2)(b) must—

(a)unless one or more of the restricted publicity conditions is met, be steps to publicise generally—

(i)the designation, variation or revocation, and

(ii)in the case of a designation, the statement of reasons;

(b)if one or more of those conditions is met, be steps to inform only such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate of the designation, variation or revocation and (in the case of a designation) of the contents of the statement of reasons.

(7) The “restricted publicity conditions” are as follows—

(a)the designation is of a person believed by the Secretary of State to be an individual under the age of 18;

(b)the Secretary of State considers that disclosure of the designation, variation or revocation should be restricted—

(i)in the interests of national security or international relations,

(ii)for reasons connected with the prevention or detection of serious crime in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, or

(iii)in the interests of justice.

(8) Paragraph (9) applies if—

(a)when a designation is made, one or more of the restricted publicity conditions is met, but

(b)at any time when the designation has effect, it becomes the case that none of the restricted publicity conditions is met.

(9) The Secretary of State must—

(a)take such steps as are reasonably practicable to inform the designated person that none of the restricted publicity conditions is now met, and

(b)take steps to publicise generally the designation and the statement of reasons relating to it.

Commencement Information

I14Reg. 8 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I15Reg. 8 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(g)

Prospective

Confidential information in certain cases where designation power usedU.K.

9.—(1) Where the Secretary of State in accordance with regulation 8(6)(b) informs only certain persons of a designation, variation or revocation and (in the case of a designation) of the contents of the statement of reasons, the Secretary of State may specify that any of that information is to be treated as confidential.

(2) A person (“P”) who—

(a)is provided with information that is to be treated as confidential in accordance with paragraph (1), or

(b)otherwise obtains such information,

must not, subject to paragraph (3), disclose it if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that the information is to be treated as confidential.

(3) The prohibition in paragraph (2) does not apply to any disclosure made by P with lawful authority.

(4) For this purpose information is disclosed with lawful authority only if and to the extent that—

(a)the disclosure is by, or is authorised by, the Secretary of State,

(b)the disclosure is by or with the consent of the person who is or was the subject of the designation,

(c)the disclosure is necessary to give effect to a requirement imposed under or by virtue of these Regulations or any other enactment, or

(d)the disclosure is required, under rules of court, tribunal rules or a court or tribunal order, for the purposes of legal proceedings of any description.

(5) This regulation does not prevent the disclosure of information that is already, or has previously been, available to the public from other sources.

(6) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (2) commits an offence.

(7) The High Court (in Scotland, the Court of Session) may, on the application of—

(a)the person who is the subject of the information, or

(b)the Secretary of State,

grant an injunction (in Scotland, an interdict) to prevent a breach of the prohibition in paragraph (2).

(8) In paragraph (4)(c), “enactment” has the meaning given by section 54(6) of the Act.

Commencement Information

I16Reg. 9 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 3 U.K.Finance

Meaning of “designated person” in Part 3U.K.

10.  In this Part a “designated person” means a person who is designated under regulation 5 for the purposes of regulations 11 to 15.

Commencement Information

I17Reg. 10 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Asset-freeze in relation to designated personsU.K.

11.—(1) A person (“P”) must not deal with funds or economic resources owned, held or controlled by a designated person if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that P is dealing with such funds or economic resources.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a person “deals with” funds if the person—

(a)uses, alters, moves, transfers or allows access to the funds,

(b)deals with the funds in any other way that would result in any change in volume, amount, location, ownership, possession, character or destination, or

(c)makes any other change, including portfolio management, that would enable use of the funds.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a person “deals with” economic resources if the person—

(a)exchanges the economic resources for funds, goods or services, or

(b)uses the economic resources in exchange for funds, goods or services (whether by pledging them as security or otherwise).

(6) The reference in paragraph (1) to funds or economic resources that are “owned, held or controlled” by a person includes, in particular, a reference to—

(a)funds or economic resources in which the person has any legal or equitable interest, regardless of whether the interest is held jointly with any other person and regardless of whether any other person holds an interest in the funds or economic resources;

(b)any tangible property (other than real property), or bearer security, that is comprised in funds or economic resources and is in the possession of the person.

(7) For the purposes of paragraph (1) funds or economic resources are to be treated as owned, held or controlled by a designated person if they are owned, held or controlled by a person who is owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by the designated person.

(8) For the avoidance of doubt, the reference in paragraph (1) to a designated person includes P if P is a designated person.

Commencement Information

I18Reg. 11 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Making funds available to designated personsU.K.

12.—(1) A person (“P”) must not make funds available directly or indirectly to a designated person if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that P is making the funds so available.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

(4) The reference in paragraph (1) to making funds available indirectly to a designated person includes, in particular, a reference to making them available to a person who is owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by the designated person.

Commencement Information

I19Reg. 12 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Making funds available for benefit of designated personsU.K.

13.—(1) A person (“P”) must not make funds available to any person for the benefit of a designated person if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that P is making the funds so available.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

(4) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)funds are made available for the benefit of a designated person only if that person thereby obtains, or is able to obtain, a significant financial benefit, and

(b)financial benefit” includes the discharge (or partial discharge) of a financial obligation for which the designated person is wholly or partly responsible.

Commencement Information

I20Reg. 13 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Making economic resources available to designated personsU.K.

14.—(1) A person (“P”) must not make economic resources available directly or indirectly to a designated person if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect—

(a)that P is making the economic resources so available, and

(b)that the designated person would be likely to exchange the economic resources for, or use them in exchange for, funds, goods or services.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

(4) The reference in paragraph (1) to making economic resources available indirectly to a designated person includes, in particular, a reference to making them available to a person who is owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by the designated person.

Commencement Information

I21Reg. 14 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Making economic resources available for benefit of designated personsU.K.

15.—(1) A person (“P”) must not make economic resources available to any person for the benefit of a designated person if P knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that P is making the economic resources so available.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (1)—

(a)economic resources are made available for the benefit of a designated person only if that person thereby obtains, or is able to obtain, a significant financial benefit, and

(b)financial benefit” includes the discharge (or partial discharge) of a financial obligation for which the designated person is wholly or partly responsible.

Commencement Information

I22Reg. 15 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Circumventing etc prohibitionsU.K.

16.—(1) A person must not intentionally participate in activities knowing that the object or effect of them is, whether directly or indirectly—

(a)to circumvent any of the prohibitions in regulations 11 to 15, or

(b)to enable or facilitate the contravention of any such prohibition.

(2) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

Commencement Information

I23Reg. 16 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 4 U.K.Immigration

ImmigrationU.K.

17.  A person who is designated under regulation 5 for the purposes of this regulation is an excluded person for the purposes of section 8B of the Immigration Act 1971 F6.

F61971 c. 77. Section 8B was inserted by the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (c.33), section 8 and amended by the Immigration Act 2016 (c.19), section 76; and the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act (c.13), section 59 and Schedule 3, Part 1.

Commencement Information

I24Reg. 17 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

PART 5 U.K.Trade

CHAPTER 1U.K.Interpretation

Definition of “restricted goods” and “restricted technology”U.K.

18.  In this Part—

restricted goods” means—

(a)

military goods, and

(b)

internal repression goods;

restricted technology” means—

(a)

military technology, and

(b)

internal repression technology.

Commencement Information

I25Reg. 18 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I26Reg. 18 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(h)

Definitions relating to “restricted goods” and “restricted technology”U.K.

19.  For the purposes of regulation 18—

internal repression goods” means—

(a)

any thing specified in Schedule 2, other than—

(i)

any thing which is internal repression technology, or

(ii)

any thing for the time being specified in—

(aa)

Schedule 2 to the Export Control Order 2008 F7, or

(bb)

Annex I of the Dual-Use Regulation, and

(b)

any tangible storage medium on which internal repression technology is recorded or from which it can be derived;

internal repression technology” means any thing which is described in Schedule 2 as software or technology, within the meaning of that Schedule;

military goods” means—

(a)

any thing for the time being specified in Schedule 2 to the Export Control Order 2008, other than any thing which is military technology, and

(b)

any tangible storage medium on which military technology is recorded or from which it can be derived; and

military technology” means any thing for the time being specified in Schedule 2 to the Export Control Order 2008 which is described as software or technology.

F7S.I. 2008/3231. Schedule 2 was substituted by S.I. 2017/85 and subsequently amended by S.I. 2017/697; S.I. 2018/165; and S.I. 2018/939. There are other instruments which amend other parts of the Order, which are not relevant to these Regulations.

Commencement Information

I27Reg. 19 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I28Reg. 19 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(i)

Prospective

Interpretation of other expressions used in this PartU.K.

20.—(1) Paragraphs 32 and 36 of Schedule 1 to the Act (trade sanctions) apply for the purpose of interpreting expressions in this Part.

(2) In this Part, any reference to the United Kingdom includes a reference to the territorial sea.

(3) In this Part—

brokering service” means any service to secure, or otherwise in relation to, an arrangement, including (but not limited to)—

(a)

the selection or introduction of persons as parties or potential parties to the arrangement,

(b)

the negotiation of the arrangement,

(c)

the facilitation of anything that enables the arrangement to be entered into, and

(d)

the provision of any assistance that in any way promotes or facilitates the arrangement;

technical assistance”, in relation to goods or technology, means—

(a)

technical support relating to the repair, development, production, assembly, testing, use or maintenance of the goods or technology, or

(b)

any other technical service relating to the goods or technology;

transfer” has the meaning given by paragraph 37 of Schedule 1 to the Act.

(4) For the purposes of this Part, a person is to be regarded as “connected with” Belarus if the person is—

(a)an individual who is, or an association or combination of individuals who are, ordinarily resident in Belarus,

(b)an individual who is, or an association or combination of individuals who are, located in Belarus,

(c)a person, other than an individual, which is incorporated or constituted under the law of Belarus, or

(d)a person, other than an individual, which is domiciled in Belarus.

Commencement Information

I29Reg. 20 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

CHAPTER 2U.K.Restricted goods and restricted technology

Export of restricted goodsU.K.

21.—(1) The export of restricted goods to, or for use in, Belarus is prohibited.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

Commencement Information

I30Reg. 21 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Supply and delivery of restricted goodsU.K.

22.—(1) A person must not directly or indirectly supply or deliver restricted goods from a third country to a place in Belarus.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence, but it is a defence for a person charged with that offence to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the goods were destined (or ultimately destined) for Belarus.

(4) In this regulation, “third country” means a country that is not the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or Belarus.

Commencement Information

I31Reg. 22 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Making restricted goods and restricted technology availableU.K.

23.—(1) A person must not—

(a)directly or indirectly make restricted goods or restricted technology available to a person connected with Belarus;

(b)directly or indirectly make restricted goods or restricted technology available for use in Belarus.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence, but—

(a)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(a) (“P”) to show that P did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the person was connected with Belarus;

(b)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(b) to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the goods or technology were for use in Belarus.

Commencement Information

I32Reg. 23 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Transfer of restricted technologyU.K.

24.—(1) A person must not—

(a)transfer restricted technology to a place in Belarus;

(b)transfer restricted technology to a person connected with Belarus;

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence, but—

(a)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(a) to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the transfer was to a place in Belarus;

(b)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(b) (“P”) to show that P did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the person was connected with Belarus.

Commencement Information

I33Reg. 24 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Technical assistance relating to restricted goods and restricted technologyU.K.

25.—(1) A person must not directly or indirectly provide technical assistance relating to restricted goods or restricted technology—

(a)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(b)for use in Belarus.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence, but—

(a)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(a) (“P”) to show that P did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the person was connected with Belarus;

(b)it is a defence for a person charged with the offence of contravening paragraph (1)(b) to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the goods or technology were for use in Belarus.

Commencement Information

I34Reg. 25 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Financial services and funds relating to restricted goods and restricted technologyU.K.

26.—(1) A person must not directly or indirectly provide, to a person connected with Belarus, financial services in pursuance of or in connection with an arrangement whose object or effect is—

(a)the export of restricted goods,

(b)the direct or indirect supply or delivery of restricted goods,

(c)directly or indirectly making restricted goods or restricted technology available to a person,

(d)the transfer of restricted technology, or

(e)the direct or indirect provision of technical assistance relating to restricted goods or restricted technology.

(2) A person must not directly or indirectly make funds available to a person connected with Belarus in pursuance of or in connection with an arrangement mentioned in paragraph (1).

(3) A person must not directly or indirectly provide financial services or funds in pursuance of or in connection with an arrangement whose object or effect is—

(a)the export of restricted goods to, or for use in, Belarus,

(b)the direct or indirect supply or delivery of restricted goods to a place in Belarus,

(c)directly or indirectly making restricted goods or restricted technology available—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)for use in Belarus,

(d)the transfer of restricted technology—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)for use in Belarus, or

(e)the direct or indirect provision of technical assistance relating to restricted goods or restricted technology—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus,

(ii)for use in Belarus.

(4) Paragraphs (1) to (3) are subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(5) A person who contravenes a prohibition in any of paragraphs (1) to (3) commits an offence, but—

(a)it is a defence for a person charged with an offence of contravening paragraph (1) or (2) (“P”) to show that P did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the person was connected with Belarus;

(b)it is a defence for a person charged with an offence of contravening a prohibition in paragraph (3) to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the financial services or funds (as the case may be) were provided in pursuance of or in connection with an arrangement mentioned in that paragraph.

Commencement Information

I35Reg. 26 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Brokering services: non-UK activity relating to restricted goods and restricted technologyU.K.

27.—(1) A person must not directly or indirectly provide brokering services in relation to an arrangement (“arrangement A”) whose object or effect is—

(a)the direct or indirect supply or delivery of restricted goods from a third country to a place in Belarus,

(b)directly or indirectly making restricted goods available in a third country for direct or indirect supply or delivery—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)to a place in Belarus,

(c)directly or indirectly making restricted technology available in a third country for transfer—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)to a place in Belarus,

(d)the transfer of restricted technology from a place in a third country—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)to a place in Belarus,

(e)the direct or indirect provision, in a non-UK country, of technical assistance relating to restricted goods or restricted technology—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, or

(ii)for use in Belarus,

(f)the direct or indirect provision, in a non-UK country, of financial services—

(i)to a person connected with Belarus, where arrangement A, or any other arrangement in connection with which arrangement A is entered into, is an arrangement mentioned in regulation 26(1), or

(ii)where arrangement A, or any other arrangement in connection with which arrangement A is entered into, is an arrangement mentioned in regulation 26(3),

(g)directly or indirectly making funds available, in a non-UK country, to a person connected with Belarus where arrangement A, or any other arrangement in connection with which arrangement A is entered into, is an arrangement mentioned in regulation 26(1), or

(h)the direct or indirect provision of funds from a non-UK country, where arrangement A, or any other arrangement in connection with which arrangement A is entered into, is an arrangement mentioned in regulation 26(3).

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to Part 6 (Exceptions and licences).

(3) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence, but it is a defence for a person charged with that offence to show that the person did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the brokering services were provided in relation to an arrangement mentioned in that paragraph.

(4) In this regulation—

non-UK country” means a country that is not the United Kingdom;

third country” means—

(a)

for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) and (b), a country that is not the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or Belarus, and

(b)

for the purposes of any other provision of paragraph (1), a country that is not the United Kingdom or Belarus.

Commencement Information

I36Reg. 27 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

CHAPTER 3U.K.Further provision

Circumventing etc prohibitionsU.K.

28.—(1) A person must not intentionally participate in activities knowing that the object or effect of them is, whether directly or indirectly—

(a)to circumvent any of the prohibitions in Chapter 2 of this Part, or

(b)to enable or facilitate the contravention of any such prohibition.

(2) A person who contravenes a prohibition in paragraph (1) commits an offence.

Commencement Information

I37Reg. 28 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

DefencesU.K.

29.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies where a person relies on a defence under Chapter 2 of this Part.

(2) If evidence is adduced which is sufficient to raise an issue with respect to the defence, the court must assume that the defence is satisfied unless the prosecution proves beyond reasonable doubt that it is not.

Commencement Information

I38Reg. 29 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 6 U.K.Exceptions and licences

Finance: exceptions from prohibitionsU.K.

30.—(1) The prohibition in regulation 11 (asset-freeze in relation to designated persons) is not contravened by an independent person (“P”) transferring to another person a legal or equitable interest in funds or economic resources where, immediately before the transfer, the interest—

(a)is held by P, and

(b)is not held jointly with the designated person.

(2) In paragraph (1) “independent person” means a person who—

(a)is not the designated person, and

(b)is not owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by the designated person.

(3) The prohibitions in regulations 11 to 13 (asset-freeze in relation to, and making funds available to, or for the benefit of, designated persons) are not contravened by a relevant institution crediting a frozen account with interest or other earnings due on the account.

(4) The prohibitions in regulations 12 and 13 (making funds available to, or for the benefit of, designated persons) are not contravened by a relevant institution crediting a frozen account where it receives funds transferred to that institution for crediting to that account.

(5) The prohibitions in regulations 12 and 13 are not contravened by the transfer of funds to a relevant institution for crediting to an account held or controlled (directly or indirectly) by a designated person, where those funds are transferred in discharge (or partial discharge) of an obligation which arose before the date on which the person became a designated person.

(6) The prohibitions in regulations 11 to 13 are not contravened in relation to a designated person (“P”) by a transfer of funds from account A to account B, where—

(a)account A is with a relevant institution which carries on an excluded activity within the meaning of section 142D of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 F8,

(b)account B is with a ring-fenced body within the meaning of section 142A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 F9, and

(c)accounts A and B are held or controlled (directly or indirectly) by P.

(7) In this regulation—

designated person” has the same meaning as it has in Part 3 (Finance);

frozen account” means an account with a relevant institution which is held or controlled (directly or indirectly) by a designated person;

relevant institution” means a person that has permission under Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 F10 (permission to carry on regulated activity).

(8) The definition of “relevant institution” in paragraph (7) is to be read with section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 F11, any relevant order under that section F12 and Schedule 2 to that Act F13.

F11Section 22 was amended by the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018 (c.10), section 27(4); the Financial Services Act 2012, section 7(1); and S.I. 2018/135.

F12S.I. 2001/544 as most recently amended by S.I. 2018/1288 and prospectively amended by S.I. 2018/1403.

F13Schedule 2 was amended by the Regulation of Financial Services (Land Transactions) Act 2005 (c.24), section 1; the Dormant Bank and Building Society Accounts Act 2008 (c.31), section 15 and Schedule 2, paragraph 1; the Financial Services Act 2012, sections 7(2) to (5) and 8; and S.I. 2013/1881; and it is prospectively amended by S.I. 2018/135.

Commencement Information

I39Reg. 30 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Exception for acts done for purposes of national security or prevention of serious crimeU.K.

31.—(1) Where an act would, in the absence of this paragraph, be prohibited by the prohibition in regulation 9(2) (confidentiality) or any prohibition in Part 3 (Finance) or 5 (Trade), that prohibition does not apply to the act if the act is one which a responsible officer has determined would be in the interests of—

(a)national security, or

(b)the prevention or detection of serious crime in the United Kingdom or elsewhere.

(2) Where, in the absence of this paragraph, a thing would be required to be done under or by virtue of a provision of Part 7 (Information and records) or Part 9 (Maritime enforcement), that requirement does not apply if a responsible officer has determined that not doing the thing in question would be in the interests of—

(a)national security, or

(b)the prevention or detection of serious crime in the United Kingdom or elsewhere.

(3) In this regulation “responsible officer” means a person in the service of the Crown or holding office under the Crown, acting in the course of that person's duty.

Commencement Information

I40Reg. 31 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Treasury licencesU.K.

32.—(1) The prohibitions in regulations 11 to 15 (asset-freeze etc) do not apply to anything done under the authority of a licence issued by the Treasury under this paragraph.

(2) The Treasury may issue a licence which authorises acts by a particular person only where the Treasury consider that it is appropriate to issue the licence for a purpose set out in Schedule 3.

Commencement Information

I41Reg. 32 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade licencesU.K.

33.  The prohibitions in Chapters 2 of Part 5 (Trade) do not apply to anything done under the authority of a licence issued by the Secretary of State under this regulation.

Commencement Information

I42Reg. 33 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Licences: general provisionsU.K.

34.—(1) This regulation applies in relation to Treasury licences and trade licences.

(2) A licence must specify the acts authorised by it.

(3) A licence may be general or may authorise acts by a particular person or persons of a particular description.

(4) A licence may —

(a)contain conditions;

(b)be of indefinite duration or a defined duration.

(5) A person who issues a licence may vary, revoke or suspend it at any time.

(6) A person who issues, varies, revokes or suspends a licence which authorises acts by a particular person must give written notice to that person of the issue, variation, revocation or suspension of the licence.

(7) A person who issues, varies, revokes or suspends a general licence or a licence which authorises acts by persons of a particular description must take such steps as that person considers appropriate to publicise the issue, variation, revocation or suspension of the licence.

Commencement Information

I43Reg. 34 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Finance: licensing offencesU.K.

35.—(1) A person (“P”) commits an offence if P knowingly or recklessly—

(a)provides information that is false in a material respect, or

(b)provides or produces a document that is not what it purports to be,

for the purpose of obtaining a Treasury licence (whether for P or anyone else).

(2) A person who purports to act under the authority of a Treasury licence but who fails to comply with any condition of the licence commits an offence.

Commencement Information

I44Reg. 35 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade: licensing offencesU.K.

36.—(1) A person (“P”) commits an offence if P knowingly or recklessly—

(a)provides information that is false in a material respect, or

(b)provides or produces a document that is not what it purports to be,

for the purpose of obtaining a trade licence (whether for P or anyone else).

(2) A person who purports to act under the authority of a trade licence but who fails to comply with any condition of the licence commits an offence.

(3) A licence in respect of which an offence under paragraph (1) has been committed is to be treated as void from the time at which it was issued.

Commencement Information

I45Reg. 36 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Section 8B(1) to (3) of Immigration Act 1971: directionsU.K.

37.—(1) The Secretary of State may direct that, in relation to any person within regulation 17 whose name is specified, or who is of a specified description, section 8B(1) and (2) of the Immigration Act 1971, or section 8B(3) of that Act, have effect subject to specified exceptions.

(2) A direction may contain conditions.

(3) A direction must be of a defined duration (and that duration may be expressed in any way, including, for example, being expressed in a way such that the direction ceases to have effect on, or within a specified period after, the occurrence of a specified event).

(4) The Secretary of State may vary, revoke or suspend a direction at any time.

(5) On the issue, variation, revocation or suspension of a direction, the Secretary of State may take such steps as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to publicise the issue, variation, revocation or suspension of the direction.

(6) In this regulation “specified” means specified in a direction.

Commencement Information

I46Reg. 37 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 7 U.K.Information and records

Finance: reporting obligationsU.K.

38.—(1) A relevant firm must inform the Treasury as soon as practicable if—

(a)it knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that a person—

(i)is a designated person, or

(ii)has committed an offence under any provision of Part 3 (Finance) or regulation 35 (finance: licensing offences), and

(b)the information or other matter on which the knowledge or cause for suspicion is based came to it in the course of carrying on its business.

(2) Where a relevant firm informs the Treasury under paragraph (1), it must state—

(a)the information or other matter on which the knowledge or suspicion is based, and

(b)any information it holds about the person by which the person can be identified.

(3) Paragraph (4) applies if—

(a)a relevant firm informs the Treasury under paragraph (1) that it knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that a person is a designated person, and

(b)that person is a customer of the relevant firm.

(4) The relevant firm must also state the nature and amount or quantity of any funds or economic resources held by it for the customer at the time when it first had the knowledge or suspicion.

(5) A relevant institution must inform the Treasury without delay if that institution—

(a)credits a frozen account in accordance with regulation 30(4) (finance: exceptions from prohibitions), or

(b)transfers funds from a frozen account in accordance with regulation 30(6).

(6) A person who fails to comply with a requirement in paragraph (1), (2) or (4) commits an offence.

(7) In this regulation—

designated person” has the same meaning as it has in Part 3 (Finance);

frozen account” has the same meaning as it has in regulation 30;

relevant firm” is to be read in accordance with regulation 39;

relevant institution” has the same meaning as it has in regulation 30.

Commencement Information

I47Reg. 38 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

“Relevant firm”U.K.

39.—(1) The following are relevant firms for the purposes of regulation 38—

(a)a person that has permission under Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (permission to carry on regulated activity);

(b)an undertaking that by way of business—

(i)operates a currency exchange office,

(ii)transmits money (or any representation of monetary value) by any means, or

(iii)cashes cheques that are made payable to customers;

(c)a firm or sole practitioner that is—

(i)a statutory auditor within the meaning of Part 42 of the Companies Act 2006 (statutory auditors) F14, or

(ii)a local auditor within the meaning of section 4(1) of the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014 (general requirements for audit) F15;

(d)a firm or sole practitioner that provides to other persons, by way of business—

(i)accountancy services,

(ii)legal or notarial services,

(iii)advice about tax affairs, or

(iv)trust or company services within the meaning of paragraph (2);

(e)a firm or sole practitioner that carries out, or whose employees carry out, estate agency work;

(f)the holder of a casino operating licence within the meaning given by section 65(2)(a) of the Gambling Act 2005 (nature of a licence) F16;

(g)a person engaged in the business of making, supplying, selling (including selling by auction) or exchanging—

(i)articles made from gold, silver, platinum or palladium, or

(ii)precious stones or pearls.

(2) In paragraph (1) “trust or company services” means any of the following services—

(a)forming companies or other legal persons;

(b)acting, or arranging for another person to act—

(i)as a director or secretary of a company,

(ii)as a partner of a partnership, or

(iii)in a similar capacity in relation to other legal persons;

(c)providing a registered office, business address, correspondence or administrative address or other related services for a company, partnership or any other legal person or arrangement;

(d)acting, or arranging for another person to act, as—

(i)a trustee of an express trust or similar legal arrangement, or

(ii)a nominee shareholder for a person.

(3) In paragraph (1)—

estate agency work” is to be read in accordance with section 1 of the Estate Agents Act 1979 F17, but as if references in that section to disposing of or acquiring an interest in land included (despite anything in section 2 of that Act) references to disposing of or acquiring an estate or interest in land outside the United Kingdom where that estate or interest is capable of being owned or held as a separate interest;

firm” means any entity that, whether or not a legal person, is not an individual, and includes a body corporate and a partnership or other unincorporated body.

(4) Paragraph (1)(a) and (b) is to be read with section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, any relevant order under that section and Schedule 2 to that Act.

(5) For the purposes of regulation 38(1), information or another matter comes to a relevant firm “in the course of carrying on its business” if the information or other matter comes to the firm—

(a)in the case of a relevant firm within paragraph (1)(a), in the course of carrying on an activity in respect of which the permission mentioned in that provision is required;

(b)in the case of a relevant firm within paragraph (1)(c)(i), in the course of carrying out statutory audit work within the meaning of section 1210 of the Companies Act 2006 (meaning of statutory auditor) F18;

(c)in the case of a relevant firm within paragraph (1)(c)(ii), in the course of carrying out an audit required by the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014;

(d)in the case of a relevant firm within paragraph (1)(f), in the course of carrying on an activity in respect of which the licence mentioned in that provision is required;

(e)in the case of a relevant firm within any other provision of paragraph (1), in the course of carrying on an activity mentioned in that provision.

Finance: powers to request informationU.K.

40.—(1) The Treasury may request a designated person to provide information about—

(a)funds or economic resources owned, held or controlled by or on behalf of the designated person, or

(b)any disposal of such funds or economic resources.

(2) The Treasury may request a designated person to provide such information as the Treasury may reasonably require about expenditure—

(a)by the designated person, or

(b)for the benefit of the designated person.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2), expenditure for the benefit of a designated person includes expenditure on the discharge (or partial discharge) of a financial obligation for which the designated person is wholly or partly responsible.

(4) The power in paragraph (1) or (2) is exercisable only where the Treasury believe that it is necessary for the purpose of monitoring compliance with or detecting evasion of any provision of Part 3 (Finance).

(5) The Treasury may request a person acting under a Treasury licence to provide information about—

(a)funds or economic resources dealt with under the licence, or

(b)funds or economic resources made available under the licence.

(6) The Treasury may request a person to provide information within paragraph (7) if the Treasury believe that the person may be able to provide the information.

(7) Information within this paragraph is such information as the Treasury may reasonably require for the purpose of—

(a)establishing for the purposes of any provision of Part 3 (Finance)—

(i)the nature and amount or quantity of any funds or economic resources owned, held or controlled by or on behalf of a designated person,

(ii)the nature and amount or quantity of any funds or economic resources made available directly or indirectly to, or for the benefit of, a designated person, or

(iii)the nature of any financial transactions entered into by a designated person;

(b)monitoring compliance with or detecting evasion of—

(i)any provision of Part 3,

(ii)regulation 38 (finance: reporting obligations), or

(iii)any condition of a Treasury licence;

(c)detecting or obtaining evidence of the commission of an offence under Part 3 or regulation 35 (finance: licensing offences) or 38 (finance: reporting obligations).

(8) The Treasury may specify the way in which, and the period within which, information is to be provided.

(9) If no such period is specified, the information which has been requested must be provided within a reasonable time.

(10) A request may include a continuing obligation to keep the Treasury informed as circumstances change, or on such regular basis as the Treasury may specify.

(11) Information requested under this regulation may relate to any period of time during which a person is, or was, a designated person.

(12) Information requested by virtue of paragraph (1)(b), (2) or (7)(a)(iii) may relate to any period before a person became a designated person (as well as, or instead of, any subsequent period).

(13) Expressions used in this regulation have the same meaning as they have in Part 3.

Commencement Information

I49Reg. 40 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Finance: production of documentsU.K.

41.—(1) A request under regulation 40 may include a request to produce specified documents or documents of a specified description.

(2) Where the Treasury request that documents be produced, the Treasury may—

(a)take copies of or extracts from any document so produced,

(b)request any person producing a document to give an explanation of it, and

(c)where that person is a body corporate, partnership or unincorporated body other than a partnership, request any person who is—

(i)in the case of a partnership, a present or past partner or employee of the partnership, or

(ii)in any other case, a present or past officer or employee of the body concerned,

to give such an explanation.

(3) Where the Treasury request a designated person or a person acting under a Treasury licence to produce documents, that person must—

(a)take reasonable steps to obtain the documents (if they are not already in the person's possession or control);

(b)keep the documents under the person's possession or control (except for the purpose of providing them to the Treasury or as the Treasury may otherwise permit).

(4) In this regulation “designated person” has the same meaning as it has in Part 3 (Finance).

Commencement Information

I50Reg. 41 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Finance: information offencesU.K.

42.—(1) A person commits an offence, if that person—

(a)without reasonable excuse, refuses or fails within the time and in the manner specified (or, if no time has been specified, within a reasonable time) to comply with any request under regulation 40 (finance: powers to request information);

(b)knowingly or recklessly gives any information, or produces any document, which is false in a material particular in response to such a request;

(c)with intent to evade any provision of regulation 40 (finance: powers to request information) or 41 (finance: production of documents), destroys, mutilates, defaces, conceals or removes any document;

(d)otherwise intentionally obstructs the Treasury in the exercise of their powers under regulation 40 (finance: powers to request information) or 41 (finance: production of documents).

(2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this regulation, the court may make an order requiring that person, within such period as may be specified in the order, to comply with the request.

Commencement Information

I51Reg. 42 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade: application of information powers in CEMAU.K.

43.—(1) Section 77A of CEMA F19 applies in relation to a person carrying on a relevant activity as it applies in relation to a person concerned in the importation or exportation of goods but as if—

(a)in subsection (1), the reference to a person concerned in the importation or exportation of goods for which for that purpose an entry is required by regulation 5 of the Customs Controls on Importation of Goods Regulations 1991 F20 or an entry or specification is required by or under CEMA were to a person carrying on a relevant activity;

(b)any other reference to importation or exportation were to a relevant activity;

(c)any reference to goods were to the goods, technology, services or funds to which the relevant activity relates.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a “relevant activity” means an activity which would, unless done under the authority of a trade licence , constitute a contravention of—

(a)any prohibition in Chapter 2 of Part 5 (Trade) except the prohibition in regulation 21(1) (export of restricted goods), or

(b)the prohibition in regulation 28 (circumventing etc prohibitions).

F20S.I. 1991/2724 is amended by S.I. 1992/3095; S.I. 1993/3014; and S.I. 2011/1043 and is prospectively revoked by S.I. 2018/1247.

Commencement Information

I52Reg. 43 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

General trade licences: recordsU.K.

44.—(1) This regulation applies in relation to a person (“P”) who does any act authorised by a general licence issued under regulation 33 (trade licences) (“the licence”).

(2) P must keep a register or record containing such details as may be necessary to allow the following information to be identified in relation to each act done under the authority of the licence—

(a)a description of the act;

(b)a description of any goods, technology, services or funds to which the act relates;

(c)the date of the act or the dates between which the act took place;

(d)the quantity of any goods or funds to which the act relates;

(e)P's name and address;

(f)the name and address of any consignee of goods to which the act relates or any recipient of technology, services or funds to which the act relates;

(g)in so far as it is known to P, the name and address of the end-user of the goods, technology, services or funds to which the act relates;

(h)if different from P, the name and address of the supplier of any goods to which the act relates;

(i)any further information required by the licence.

(3) The register or record relating to an act must be kept until the end of the calendar year in which the register or record is created and for a further period of 4 years from the end of that calendar year.

(4) P must notify the Secretary of State in writing of P's name and the address at which the register or record may be inspected, and must make a further such notification if those details change.

(5) A notification under paragraph (4) must be given no later than 30 days after—

(a)P first does any act authorised by the licence, or

(b)there is any change to the details previously notified.

(6) A person who fails to comply with a requirement in paragraph (2), (3) or (4) commits an offence.

Commencement Information

I53Reg. 44 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

General trade licences: inspection of recordsU.K.

45.—(1) A person authorised by the Secretary of State or the Commissioners (an “official”) may at any reasonable hour enter premises notified under regulation 44(4) for the purposes of monitoring compliance with or detecting evasion of regulation 44(2) or (3).

(2) An official may require any person on the premises to produce any register or record required to be kept under regulation 44, or any document included in such a register or record, that is in the person's possession or control.

(3) An official may inspect and copy any such register, record or document.

(4) An official must, if requested to do so, produce documentary evidence that he or she is authorised to exercise a power conferred by this regulation.

(5) A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, the person—

(a)intentionally obstructs an official in the performance of any of the official's functions under this regulation, or

(b)fails to produce a register, record or document when reasonably required to do so by an official under this regulation.

Commencement Information

I54Reg. 45 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Disclosure of informationU.K.

46.—(1) The Secretary of State, the Treasury or the Commissioners may, in accordance with this regulation, disclose—

(a)any information obtained under or by virtue of Part 6 (Exceptions and licences), this Part or Part 9 (Maritime enforcement), or

(b)any information held in connection with—

(i)anything done under or by virtue of Part 2 (Designation of persons), Part 3 (Finance), Part 5 (Trade), or

(ii)any exception or licence under Part 6 or anything done in accordance with such an exception or under the authority of such a licence.

(2) Information referred to in paragraph (1) may be disclosed for, or in connection with, any of the following purposes—

(a)the exercise of functions under these Regulations;

(b)any purpose stated in regulation 4;

(c)facilitating, monitoring or ensuring compliance with these Regulations;

(d)taking any action with a view to instituting, or otherwise for the purposes of, any proceedings in the United Kingdom—

(i)for an offence under any provision of these Regulations,

(ii)for an offence under CEMA in connection with a prohibition mentioned in regulation 21(1) (export of restricted goods), or

(iii)in relation to a monetary penalty under section 146 of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 (breach of financial sanctions legislation) F21;

(e)taking any action with a view to instituting, or otherwise for the purposes of, any proceedings in any of the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, or any British overseas territory, for an offence—

(i)under a provision in any such jurisdiction that is similar to a provision of these Regulations, or

(ii)in connection with a prohibition in any such jurisdiction that is similar to a prohibition referred to in sub-paragraph (d)(ii);

(f)compliance with an international obligation F22;

(g)facilitating the exercise by an authority outside the United Kingdom or by an international organisation of functions which correspond to functions under these Regulations.

(3) Information referred to in paragraph (1) may be disclosed to the following persons—

(a)a police officer;

(b)any person holding or acting in any office under or in the service of—

(i)the Crown in right of the Government of the United Kingdom,

(ii)the Crown in right of the Scottish Government, the Northern Ireland Executive or the Welsh Government,

(iii)the States of Jersey, Guernsey or Alderney or the Chief Pleas of Sark,

(iv)the Government of the Isle of Man, or

(v)the Government of any British overseas territory;

(c)any law officer of the Crown for Jersey, Guernsey or the Isle of Man;

(d)the Scottish Legal Aid Board;

(e)the Financial Conduct Authority, the Prudential Regulation Authority, the Bank of England, the Jersey Financial Services Commission, the Guernsey Financial Services Commission or the Isle of Man Financial Services Authority;

(f)any other regulatory body (whether or not in the United Kingdom);

(g)any organ of the United Nations;

(h)the Council of the European Union, the European Commission or the European External Action Service;

(i)the Government of any country;

(j)any other person where the Secretary of State, the Treasury or the Commissioners (as the case may be) considers that it is appropriate to disclose the information.

(4) Information referred to in paragraph (1) may be disclosed to any person with the consent of a person who, in their own right, is entitled to the information.

(5) In paragraph (4) “in their own right” means not merely in the capacity as a servant or agent of another person.

(6) In paragraph (1)(b)—

(a)the reference to information includes information obtained at a time when any provision of these Regulations is not in force, and

(b)the reference to a licence under Part 6 includes—

(i)a licence or authorisation which is treated as if it were a licence which had been issued under that Part, and

(ii)a licence which is deemed to have been issued under that Part.

F22Section 1(8) of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 defines an “international obligation” as an obligation of the United Kingdom created or arising by or under any international agreement.

Commencement Information

I55Reg. 46 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Part 7: supplementaryU.K.

47.—(1) A disclosure of information under regulation 46 does not breach any restriction on such disclosure imposed by statute or otherwise.

(2) But nothing in that regulation authorises a disclosure that—

(a)contravenes the data protection legislation, or

(b)is prohibited by any of Parts 1 to 7 or Chapter 1 of Part 9 of the Investigatory Powers Act 2016 F23.

(3) Nothing in this Part is to be read as requiring a person who has acted or is acting as counsel or solicitor for any person to disclose any privileged information in their possession in that capacity.

(4) Regulation 46 does not limit the circumstances in which information may be disclosed apart from that regulation.

(5) Nothing in this Part limits any conditions which may be contained in a Treasury licence or a trade licence.

(6) In this regulation—

the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act) F24;

privileged information” means information with respect to which a claim to legal professional privilege (in Scotland, to confidentiality of communications) could be maintained in legal proceedings.

F242018 c.12. There are amendments to this Act that are not relevant to these Regulations.

Commencement Information

I56Reg. 47 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 8 U.K.Enforcement

Penalties for offencesU.K.

48.—(1) A person who commits an offence under any provision of Part 3 (Finance) or regulation 35 (finance: licensing offences), is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(c)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(d)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years or a fine (or both).

(2) A person who commits an offence under any provision of Part 5 (Trade) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(c)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(d)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years or a fine (or both).

(3) A person who commits an offence under regulation 9(6) (confidentiality), 36, 44(6) or 45(5) (offences in connection with trade licences) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(c)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(d)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or a fine (or both).

(4) A person who commits an offence under regulation 38(6) or 42 (information offences in connection with Part 3) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale (or both);

(c)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale (or both).

(5) In relation to an offence committed before [F25paragraph 24(2) of Schedule 22 to the Sentencing Act 2020] comes into force the reference in each of paragraphs (1)(a), (2)(a) and (3)(a) to 12 months is to be read as a reference to 6 months.

Commencement Information

I57Reg. 48 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Liability of officers of bodies corporate etcU.K.

49.—(1) Where an offence under these Regulations , committed by a body corporate—

(a)is committed with the consent or connivance of any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, or

(b)is attributable to any neglect on the part of any such person,

that person as well as the body corporate is guilty of the offence and is liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(2) In paragraph (1) “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(3) Paragraph (1) also applies in relation to a body that is not a body corporate, with the substitution for the reference to a director of the body of a reference—

(a)in the case of a partnership, to a partner;

(b)in the case of an unincorporated body other than a partnership—

(i)where the body's affairs are managed by its members, to a member of the body;

(ii)in any other case, to a member of the governing body.

(4) Section 171(4) of CEMA (which is a provision similar to this regulation) does not apply to any offence under these Regulations to which that provision would, in the absence of this paragraph, apply.

Commencement Information

I58Reg. 49 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Jurisdiction to try offencesU.K.

50.—(1) Where an offence under regulation 9(6) (confidentiality), Part 3 (Finance), regulation 35 (finance: licensing offences) or regulation 38(6) or 42 (information offences in connection with Part 3) is committed in the United Kingdom—

(a)proceedings for the offence may be taken at any place in the United Kingdom, and

(b)the offence may for all incidental purposes be treated as having been committed at any such place.

(2) Where an offence under these Regulations is committed outside the United Kingdom—

(a)proceedings for the offence may be taken at any place in the United Kingdom, and

(b)the offence may for all incidental purposes be treated as having been committed at any such place.

(3) In the application of paragraph (2) to Scotland, any such proceedings against a person may be taken—

(a)in any sheriff court district in which the person is apprehended or is in custody, or

(b)in such sheriff court district as the Lord Advocate may determine.

(4) In paragraph (3) “sheriff court district” is to be read in accordance with the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (see section 307(1) of that Act) F26.

Commencement Information

I59Reg. 50 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Procedure for offences by unincorporated bodiesU.K.

51.—(1) Paragraphs (2) and (3) apply if it is alleged that an offence under these Regulations has been committed by an unincorporated body (as opposed to by a member of the body).

(2) Proceedings in England and Wales or Northern Ireland for such an offence must be brought against the body in its own name.

(3) For the purposes of proceedings, for such an offence brought against an unincorporated body—

(a)rules of court relating to the service of documents have effect as if the body were a body corporate;

(b)the following provisions apply as they apply in relation to a body corporate

(i)section 33 of the Criminal Justice Act 1925 F27 and Schedule 3 to the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 F28;

(ii)section 18 of the Criminal Justice Act (Northern Ireland) 1945 F29 and Article 166 of, and Schedule 4 to, the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 F30.

(4) A fine imposed on an unincorporated body on its conviction of an offence under these Regulations is to be paid out of the funds of the body.

F271925 c.86. Amendments have been made to section 33 that are not relevant to these Regulations.

F281980 c.43. Amendments have been made to Schedule 3 that are not relevant to these Regulations.

Commencement Information

I60Reg. 51 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Time limit for proceedings for summary offencesU.K.

52.—(1) Proceedings for an offence under these Regulations which is triable only summarily may be brought within the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the prosecutor to justify the proceedings comes to the prosecutor's knowledge.

(2) But such proceedings may not be brought by virtue of paragraph (1) more than 3 years after the commission of the offence.

(3) A certificate signed by the prosecutor as to the date on which the evidence in question came to the prosecutor's knowledge is conclusive evidence of the date on which it did so; and a certificate to that effect and purporting to be so signed is to be treated as being so signed unless the contrary is proved.

(4) In relation to proceedings in Scotland—

(a)section 136(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (date of commencement of summary proceedings) applies for the purposes of this regulation as it applies for the purposes of that section, and

(b)references in this regulation to the prosecutor are to be treated as references to the Lord Advocate.

Commencement Information

I61Reg. 52 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade enforcement: application of CEMAU.K.

53.—(1) Where the Commissioners investigate or propose to investigate any matter with a view to determining—

(a)whether there are grounds for believing that a relevant offence has been committed, or

(b)whether a person should be prosecuted for such an offence,

the matter is to be treated as an assigned matter.

(2) In paragraph (1) “assigned matter” has the meaning given by section 1(1) of CEMA F31.

(3) In this regulation a “relevant offence” means an offence under—

(a)Part 5 (Trade),

(b)regulation 36 (trade: licensing offences),

(c)regulation 44(6) (general trade licences: records), or

(d)regulation 45(5) (general trade licences: inspection of records).

(4) Section 138 of CEMA F32 (arrest of persons) applies to a person who has committed, or whom there are reasonable grounds to suspect of having committed, a relevant offence as it applies to a person who has committed, or whom there are reasonable grounds to suspect of having committed, an offence for which the person is liable to be arrested under the customs and excise Acts F33, but as if—

(a)any reference to an offence under, or for which a person is liable to be arrested under, the customs and excise Acts were to a relevant offence;

(b)in subsection (2), the reference to any person so liable were to a person who has committed, or whom there are reasonable grounds to suspect of having committed, a relevant offence.

(5) The provisions of CEMA mentioned in paragraph (6) apply in relation to proceedings for a relevant offence as they apply in relation to proceedings for an offence under the customs and excise Acts, but as if—

(a)any reference to the customs and excise Acts were to any of the provisions mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) to (d);

(b)in section 145(6), the reference to an offence for which a person is liable to be arrested under the customs and excise Acts were to a relevant offence;

(c)in section 151, the reference to any penalty imposed under the customs and excise Acts were to any penalty imposed under these Regulations in relation to a relevant offence;

(d)in section 154(2)—

(i)the reference to proceedings relating to customs or excise were to proceedings under any of the provisions mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) to (d), and

(ii)the reference to the place from which any goods have been brought included a reference to the place to which goods have been exported, supplied or delivered or the place to or from which technology has been transferred.

(6) The provisions of CEMA are sections 145, 146, 147, 148(1), 150, 151, 152, 154 and 155 F34 (legal proceedings).

F31The definition of “assigned matter” in section 1(1) of CEMA was amended by the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (c.11), Schedule 4, paragraph 22(a); the Scotland Act 2012 (c. 11), section 24(7); and the Wales Act 2014 (c.29), section 7(1).

F33“The customs and excise Acts” is defined in section 1 of CEMA.

F34Section 145 of CEMA was amended by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, section 114(1); the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005, Schedule 4, paragraph 23(a); and S.I. 2014/834. Section 147 was amended by the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48), Schedule 14, paragraph 42; the Finance Act 1989, section 16(2); and the Criminal Justice Act 2003, Schedule 3, paragraph 50. Section 152 was amended by the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005, Schedule 4, paragraph 26, and Schedule 5. Section 155 was amended by the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005, Schedule 4, paragraph 27, and Schedule 5.

Commencement Information

I62Reg. 53 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade offences in CEMA: modification of penaltyU.K.

54.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies where a person is guilty of an offence under section 68(2) of CEMA in connection with a prohibition mentioned in regulation 21(1).

(2) Where this paragraph applies, the reference to 7 years in section 68(3)(b) of CEMA F35 is to be read as a reference to 10 years.

(3) Paragraph (4) applies where a person is guilty of an offence under section 170(2) of CEMA in connection with a prohibition mentioned in regulation 21(1).

(4) Where this paragraph applies, the reference to 7 years in section 170(3)(b) of CEMA F36 is to be read as a reference to 10 years.

F35The words “7 years” were inserted in section 68(3)(b) of CEMA by the Finance Act 1988, section 12.

F36The words “7 years” were inserted in section 170(3)(b) of CEMA by the Finance Act 1988, section 12.

Commencement Information

I63Reg. 54 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Application of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005U.K.

55.  Chapter 1 of Part 2 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (investigatory powers) F37 applies to any offence under Part 3 (Finance) or regulation 35 (finance: licensing offences).

F372005 c.15. Chapter 1 of Part 2 has been amended by the Terrorism Act 2006 (c.11), section 33(3) and (4); the Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2006 (c.33), sections 26(2) and 30(2) and Schedules 3 and 5; the Bribery Act 2010 (c.23), section 17(2) and Schedule 1; the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp.13), section 203 and Schedule 7, paragraph 77; the Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c.22), section 17(4) and Schedule 8, paragraphs 157 and 159; the Criminal Finances Act 2017 (c.22), section 51(1); the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c.13), section 59(4) and Schedule 3, paragraph 4; and S.I. 2014/834.

Commencement Information

I64Reg. 55 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Monetary penaltiesU.K.

56.  The following provisions are to be regarded as not being financial sanctions legislation for the purposes of Part 8 of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 F38

(a)regulation 23(1)(a) (making restricted goods and restricted technology available);

(b)regulation 24(1)(b) (transfer of restricted technology);

(c)regulation 26(1) and (2) (financial services and funds relating to restricted goods and restricted technology);

(d)regulation 27(1)(f)(i) and (g) (brokering services relating to financial services and funds relating to restricted goods and restricted technology).

F38See section 143(4)(f) and (4A), as inserted by the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c.13), section 59(4) and Schedule 3, paragraph 8(1) and (3).

Commencement Information

I65Reg. 56 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 9 U.K.Maritime enforcement

Exercise of maritime enforcement powersU.K.

57.—(1) A maritime enforcement officer may, for a purpose mentioned in paragraph (2) or (3), exercise any of the maritime enforcement powers in relation to—

(a)a British ship in foreign waters or international waters,

(b)a ship without nationality in international waters, or

(c)a foreign ship in international waters,

and a ship within sub-paragraph (a), (b) or (c) is referred to in this Part as “a relevant ship”.

(2) The maritime enforcement powers may be exercised for the purpose of enforcing any of the following—

(a)the prohibition in regulation 21(1) (exports of restricted goods);

(b)the prohibition in regulation 22(1) (supply and delivery of restricted goods);

(c)a prohibition in regulation 23(1)(a) or (b) (making restricted goods and restricted technology available);

(d)a prohibition in regulation 24(1)(a) or (b) (transfer of restricted technology);

(e)a prohibition imposed by a condition of a licence issued under regulation 33 (trade licences) in relation to a prohibition mentioned in any of sub-paragraphs (a) to (d).

(3) The maritime enforcement powers may also be exercised in relation to a relevant ship for the purpose of—

(a)investigating the suspected carriage of relevant goods on the ship, or

(b)preventing the continued carriage on the ship of goods suspected to be relevant goods.

(4) In this Part, “the maritime enforcement powers” are the powers conferred by regulations 59 and 60.

(5) This regulation is subject to regulation 61 (restrictions on exercise of maritime enforcement powers).

Commencement Information

I66Reg. 57 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Maritime enforcement officersU.K.

58.—(1) The following persons are “maritime enforcement officers” for the purposes of this Part—

(a)a commissioned officer of any of Her Majesty's ships;

(b)a member of the Ministry of Defence Police (within the meaning of section 1 of the Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987 F39);

(c)a constable—

(i)who is a member of a police force in England and Wales,

(ii)within the meaning of section 99 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 F40, or

(iii)who is a member of the Police Service of Northern Ireland or the Police Service of Northern Ireland Reserve;

(d)a special constable—

(i)appointed under section 27 of the Police Act 1996 F41,

(ii)appointed under section 9 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, or

(iii)in Northern Ireland, appointed by virtue of provision incorporating section 79 of the Harbours, Docks, and Piers Clauses Act 1847 F42;

(e)a constable who is a member of the British Transport Police Force;

(f)a port constable, within the meaning of section 7 of the Marine Navigation Act 2013 F43, or a person appointed to act as a constable under provision made by virtue of section 16 of the Harbours Act 1964 F44;

(g)a designated customs official within the meaning of Part 1 of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (see section 14(6) of that Act) F45;

(h)a designated NCA officer who is authorised by the Director General of the National Crime Agency (whether generally or specifically) to exercise the powers of a maritime enforcement officer under this Part.

(2) In this regulation, “a designated NCA officer” means a National Crime Agency officer who is either or both of the following—

(a)an officer designated under section 10 of the Crime and Courts Act 2013 as having the powers and privileges of a constable;

(b)an officer designated under that section as having the powers of a general customs official.

F402012 asp.8.

F441964 c.40. Section 16 has been amended by various instruments but none are relevant to these Regulations.

F452009 c.11. Designated customs officials are designated, as either a general customs official or a customs revenue official, under sections 3 and 11 of this Act respectively.

Commencement Information

I67Reg. 58 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Power to stop, board, search etcU.K.

59.—(1) This regulation applies if a maritime enforcement officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that a relevant ship is carrying prohibited goods or relevant goods.

(2) The officer may—

(a)stop the ship;

(b)board the ship;

(c)for the purpose of exercising a power conferred by paragraph (3) or regulation 60, require the ship to be taken to, and remain in, a port or anchorage in the United Kingdom or any other country willing to receive it.

(3) Where the officer boards a ship by virtue of this regulation, the officer may—

(a)stop any person found on the ship and search that person for—

(i)prohibited goods or relevant goods, or

(ii)any thing that might be used to cause physical injury or damage to property or to endanger the safety of any ship;

(b)search the ship, or any thing found on the ship (including cargo) for prohibited goods or relevant goods;

(4) The officer may—

(a)require a person found on a ship boarded by virtue of this regulation to provide information or produce documents;

(b)inspect and copy such information or documents.

(5) The officer may exercise a power conferred by paragraph (3)(a)(i) or (b) only to the extent reasonably required for the purpose of discovering prohibited goods or relevant goods.

(6) The officer may exercise the power conferred by paragraph (3)(a)(ii) in relation to a person only where the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person might use a thing to cause physical injury or damage to property or to endanger the safety of any ship.

(7) The officer may use reasonable force, if necessary, in the exercise of any power conferred by this regulation.

Commencement Information

I68Reg. 59 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Seizure powerU.K.

60.—(1) This regulation applies if a maritime enforcement officer is lawfully on a relevant ship (whether in exercise of the powers conferred by regulation 59 or otherwise).

(2) The officer may seize any of the following which are found on the ship, in any thing found on the ship, or on any person found on the ship—

(a)goods which the officer has reasonable grounds to suspect are prohibited goods or relevant goods, or

(b)things within regulation 59(3)(a)(ii).

(3) The officer may use reasonable force, if necessary, in the exercise of any power conferred by this regulation.

Commencement Information

I69Reg. 60 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Restrictions on exercise of maritime enforcement powersU.K.

61.—(1) The authority of the Secretary of State is required before any maritime enforcement power is exercised in reliance on regulation 57 in relation to—

(a)a British ship in foreign waters, or

(b)a foreign ship in international waters.

(2) In relation to a British ship in foreign waters other than the sea and other waters within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to any relevant British possession, the Secretary of State may give authority under paragraph (1) only if the State in whose waters the power would be exercised consents to the exercise of the power.

(3) In relation to a foreign ship in international waters, the Secretary of State may give authority under paragraph (1) only if—

(a)the home state has requested the assistance of the United Kingdom for a purpose mentioned in regulation 57(2) or (3),

(b)the home state has authorised the United Kingdom to act for such a purpose, or

(c)the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 F46 or a UN Security Council Resolution otherwise permits the exercise of the power in relation to the ship.

F46Cmnd 8941.

Commencement Information

I70Reg. 61 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Interpretation of Part 9U.K.

62.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), any expression used in this Part and in section 19 or 20 of the Act has the same meaning in this Part as it has in section 19 or (as the case may be) section 20 of the Act.

(2) For the purpose of interpreting any reference to “prohibited goods” or “relevant goods” in this Part, any reference in section 19 or 20 of the Act to a “relevant prohibition or requirement” is to be read as a reference to any prohibition specified in regulation 57(2)(a) to (d).

Commencement Information

I71Reg. 62 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prospective

PART 10 U.K.Supplementary and final provision

NoticesU.K.

63.—(1) This regulation applies in relation to a notice required by regulation 34 (licences: general provisions) to be given to a person.

(2) The notice may be given to an individual—

(a)by delivering it to the individual,

(b)by sending it to the individual by post addressed to the individual at his or her usual or last-known place of residence or business, or

(c)by leaving it for the individual at that place.

(3) The notice may be given to a person other than an individual—

(a)by sending it by post to the proper officer of the body at its principal office, or

(b)by addressing it to the proper officer of the body and leaving it at that office.

(4) The notice may be given to the person by other means, including by electronic means, with the person's consent.

(5) In this regulation, the reference in paragraph (3) to a “principal office”—

(a)in relation to a registered company, is to be read as a reference to the company's registered office;

(b)in relation to a body incorporated or constituted under the law of a country other than the United Kingdom, includes a reference to the body's principal office in the United Kingdom (if any).

(6) In this regulation—

  • “proper officer”—

    (a)

    in relation to a body other than a partnership, means the secretary or other executive officer charged with the conduct of the body's general affairs, and

    (b)

    in relation to a partnership, means a partner or a person who has the control or management of the partnership business;

  • registered company” means a company registered under the enactments relating to companies for the time being in force in the United Kingdom.

Commencement Information

I72Reg. 63 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Article 20 of the Export Control Order 2008U.K.

64.  Article 20 of the Export Control Order 2008 (embargoed destinations) is not to be taken to prohibit anything prohibited by Part 5 (Trade).

Commencement Information

I73Reg. 64 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Trade: overlapping offencesU.K.

65.  A person is not to be taken to commit an offence under the Export Control Order 2008 if the person would, in the absence of this regulation, commit an offence under both—

(a)article 34, 37 or 38 of that Order, and

(b)any provision of Part 5 (Trade) or regulation 36 (trade: licensing offences), 44(6) or 45(5) (information offences in connection with general trade licences).

Commencement Information

I74Reg. 65 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Revocation of the Belarus Council RegulationU.K.

66.  Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus is revoked.

Commencement Information

I75Reg. 66 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Other revocations and amendmentsU.K.

67.—(1) The Belarus (Asset-Freezing) Regulations 2013 F47 are revoked.

(2) The Export Control (Belarus) and (Syria Amendment) Order 2011 F48 is revoked.

Commencement Information

I76Reg. 67 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Transitional provision: Treasury licencesU.K.

68.—(1) Paragraphs (2) to (4) apply to a licence which—

(a)was granted, or deemed to be granted, by the Treasury under regulation 9 of the 2013 Regulations,

(b)was in effect immediately before the relevant date, and

(c)authorises conduct which would (on and after the relevant date, and in the absence of paragraphs (2) to (4)) be prohibited under Part 3 (Finance),

and such a licence is referred to in this regulation as “an existing financial sanctions licence”.

(2) An existing financial sanctions licence which authorises an act which would otherwise be prohibited has effect on and after the relevant date as if it had been issued by the Treasury under regulation 32(1) (Treasury licences).

(3) Any reference in an existing financial sanctions licence to the 2013 Regulations is to be treated on and after the relevant date as a reference to these Regulations.

(4) Any reference in an existing financial sanctions licence to a prohibition in—

(a)the 2013 Regulations, or

(b)the EU Belarus Regulation,

is to be treated on and after the relevant date as a reference to the corresponding prohibition in Part 3 (Finance).

(5) Paragraph (6) applies where—

(a)an application for a licence, or for the variation of a licence, under the 2013 Regulations was made before the relevant date,

(b)the application is for the authorisation of conduct which would (on and after the relevant date) be prohibited under Part 3, and

(c)a decision to grant or refuse the application has not been made before that date.

(6) The application is to be treated on and after the relevant date as an application for a licence, or for the variation of a licence (as the case may be), under regulation 32(1) (Treasury licences).

(7) In this regulation—

the 2013 Regulations” means the Belarus (Asset-Freezing) Regulations 2013;

the relevant date” means—

(a)

where regulations under section 56 of the Act provide that Part 3 comes into force at a specified time on a day, that time on that day;

(b)

otherwise, the date on which Part 3 comes into force.

Commencement Information

I77Reg. 68 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Transitional provision: trade licencesU.K.

69.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies in relation to each licence or authorisation granted by the Secretary of State which—

(a)was in effect immediately before the relevant date, and

(b)authorises an act—

(i)which would otherwise be prohibited by any provision of the Export Control Order 2008 except article 20 of that Order (embargoed destinations), and

(ii)which would (on and after the relevant date, and in the absence of paragraph (2)) be prohibited by Part 5 (Trade),

and such a licence or authorisation is referred to in this regulation as an “existing trade licence”.

(2) A licence is deemed to have been issued by the Secretary of State at the beginning of the relevant date under regulation 33 (trade licences)—

(a)disapplying every provision of Part 5 which would, in the absence of this paragraph, prohibit any act authorised by the existing trade licence, and

(b)otherwise in the same terms as the existing trade licence.

(3) Paragraphs (4) to (6) apply to a licence or authorisation granted by the Secretary of State which—

(a)was in effect immediately before the relevant date, and

(b)authorises an act—

(i)which would otherwise be prohibited by the EU Belarus Regulation, and

(ii)which would (on and after the relevant date, and in the absence of paragraphs (4) to (6)) be prohibited by Part 5 (Trade),

and such a licence or authorisation is referred to in this regulation as “an existing trade sanctions licence”.

(4) An existing trade sanctions licence has effect on and after the relevant date as if it were a licence which had been issued by the Secretary of State under regulation 33.

(5) Any reference in an existing trade sanctions licence to a provision of the Export Control (Belarus) and (Syria Amendment) Order 2011 or Export Control Order 2008 is to be treated on and after the relevant date as a reference to the corresponding provision of these Regulations (if any).

(6) Any reference in an existing trade sanctions licence to a prohibition in the EU Belarus Regulation is to be treated on and after the relevant date as a reference to the corresponding prohibition in Part 5 (Trade).

(7) In this regulation, “the relevant date” means—

(a)where regulations under section 56 of the Act provide that Part 5 comes into force at a specified time on a day, that time on that day;

(b)otherwise, the date on which Part 5 comes into force.

Commencement Information

I78Reg. 69 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Transitional provision: pending applications for trade licencesU.K.

70.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies where—

(a)an application was made before the relevant date for a licence or authorisation under or pursuant to the Export Control Order 2008,

(b)the application is for authorisation of an act prohibited by Part 5 (Trade), and

(c)a decision to grant or refuse the application has not been made before the relevant date.

(2) The application is to be treated on and after the relevant date as including an application for a licence under regulation 33 (trade licences).

(3) Paragraph (4) applies where—

(a)an application was made before the relevant date for a licence or authorisation under the Export Control (Belarus) and (Syria Amendment) Order 2011 or the EU Belarus Regulation,

(b)the application is for authorisation of an act prohibited by Part 5 (Trade), and

(c)a decision to grant or refuse the application has not been made before the relevant date.

(4) The application is to be treated on and after the relevant date as an application for a licence under regulation 33.

(5) In this regulation, “the relevant date” means—

(a)where regulations under section 56 of the Act provide that Part 5 comes into force at a specified time on a day, that time on that day;

(b)otherwise, the date on which Part 5 comes into force.

Commencement Information

I79Reg. 70 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Transitional provisions: prior obligationsU.K.

71.—(1) Where—

(a)a person was named in Annex I of the EU Belarus Regulation immediately before the relevant date, and

(b)the person is a designated person immediately before the relevant date,

any reference in a provision mentioned in paragraph (2) to the date on which a person became a designated person is a reference to the date on which the person was named in that Annex.

(2) The provisions referred to in paragraph (1) are—

(a)regulation 30(5) (finance: exception from prohibitions), and

(b)paragraphs 6(b)(i) and 9(a) of Schedule 3 (Treasury licences: purposes).

(3) In this regulation—

designated person” has the same meaning as it has in Part 3 (Finance);

the relevant date” means—

(a)

where regulations under section 56 of the Act provide that Part 3 comes into force at a specified time on a day, that time on that day;

(b)

otherwise, the date on which Part 3 comes into force.

Commencement Information

I80Reg. 71 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Alan Duncan

Minister of State

Foreign and Commonwealth Office

SCHEDULES

Regulation 7(3)

SCHEDULE 1U.K.Rules for interpretation of regulation 7(2)

Application of ScheduleU.K.

1.—(1) The rules set out in the following paragraphs of this Schedule apply for the purpose of interpreting regulation 7(2).

(2) They also apply for the purpose of interpreting this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I81Sch. 1 para. 1 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I82Sch. 1 para. 1 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Joint interestsU.K.

2.  If two or more persons each hold a share or right jointly, each of them is treated as holding that share or right.

Commencement Information

I83Sch. 1 para. 2 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I84Sch. 1 para. 2 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Joint arrangementsU.K.

3.—(1) If shares or rights held by a person and shares or rights held by another person are the subject of a joint arrangement between those persons, each of them is treated as holding the combined shares or rights of both of them.

(2) A “joint arrangement” is an arrangement between the holders of shares or rights that they will exercise all or substantially all the rights conferred by their respective shares or rights jointly in a way that is pre-determined by the arrangement.

(3) “Arrangement” has the meaning given by paragraph 12.

Commencement Information

I85Sch. 1 para. 3 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I86Sch. 1 para. 3 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Calculating shareholdingsU.K.

4.—(1) In relation to a person who has a share capital, a reference to holding “more than 50% of the shares” in that person is to holding shares comprised in the issued share capital of that person of a nominal value exceeding (in aggregate) 50% of that share capital.

(2) In relation to a person who does not have a share capital—

(a)a reference to holding shares in that person is to holding a right or rights to share in the capital or, as the case may be, profits of that person;

(b)a reference to holding “more than 50% of the shares” in that person is to holding a right or rights to share in more than 50% of the capital or, as the case may be, profits of that person.

Commencement Information

I87Sch. 1 para. 4 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I88Sch. 1 para. 4 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Voting rightsU.K.

5.—(1) A reference to the voting rights in a person is to the rights conferred on shareholders in respect of their shares (or, in the case of a person not having a share capital, on members) to vote at general meetings of the person on all or substantially all matters.

(2) In relation to a person that does not have general meetings at which matters are decided by the exercise of voting rights—

(a)a reference to holding voting rights in the person is to be read as a reference to holding rights in relation to the person that are equivalent to those of a person entitled to exercise voting rights in a company;

(b)a reference to holding “more than 50% of the voting rights” in the person is to be read as a reference to holding the right under the constitution of the person to block changes to the overall policy of the person or to the terms of its constitution.

Commencement Information

I89Sch. 1 para. 5 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I90Sch. 1 para. 5 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

6.  In applying regulation 7(2) and this Schedule, the voting rights in a person are to be reduced by any rights held by the person itself.U.K.

Commencement Information

I91Sch. 1 para. 6 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I92Sch. 1 para. 6 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Rights to appoint or remove members of the boardU.K.

7.  A reference to the right to appoint or remove a majority of the board of directors of a person is to the right to appoint or remove directors holding a majority of the voting rights at meetings of the board on all or substantially all matters.

Commencement Information

I93Sch. 1 para. 7 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I94Sch. 1 para. 7 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

8.  A reference to a board of directors, in the case of a person who does not have such a board, is to be read as a reference to the equivalent management body of that person.U.K.

Commencement Information

I95Sch. 1 para. 8 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I96Sch. 1 para. 8 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Shares or rights held “indirectly”U.K.

9.—(1) A person holds a share “indirectly” if the person has a majority stake in another person and that other person—

(a)holds the share in question, or

(b)is part of a chain of persons—

(i)each of whom (other than the last) has a majority stake in the person immediately below it in the chain, and

(ii)the last of whom holds the share.

(2) A person holds a right “indirectly” if the person has a majority stake in another person and that other person—

(a)holds that right, or

(b)is part of a chain of persons—

(i)each of whom (other than the last) has a majority stake in the person immediately below it in the chain, and

(ii)the last of whom holds that right.

(3) For these purposes, a person (“A”) has a “majority stake” in another person (“B”) if—

(a)A holds a majority of the voting rights in B,

(b)A is a member of B and has the right to appoint or remove a majority of the board of directors of B,

(c)A is a member of B and controls alone, pursuant to an agreement with other shareholders or members, a majority of the voting rights in B, or

(d)A has the right to exercise, or actually exercises, dominant influence or control over B.

(4) In the application of this paragraph to the right to appoint or remove a majority of the board of directors, a person (“A”) is to be treated as having the right to appoint a director if—

(a)any person's appointment as director follows necessarily from that person's appointment as director of A, or

(b)the directorship is held by A itself.

Commencement Information

I97Sch. 1 para. 9 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I98Sch. 1 para. 9 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Shares held by nomineesU.K.

10.  A share held by a person as nominee for another is to be treated as held by the other (and not by the nominee).

Commencement Information

I99Sch. 1 para. 10 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I100Sch. 1 para. 10 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Rights treated as held by person who controls their exerciseU.K.

11.—(1) Where a person controls a right, the right is to be treated as held by that person (and not by the person who in fact holds the right, unless that person also controls it).

(2) A person “controls” a right if, by virtue of any arrangement between that person and others, the right is exercisable only—

(a)by that person,

(b)in accordance with that person's directions or instructions, or

(c)with that person's consent or concurrence.

Commencement Information

I101Sch. 1 para. 11 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I102Sch. 1 para. 11 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

12.  “Arrangement” includes—U.K.

(a)any scheme, agreement or understanding, whether or not it is legally enforceable, and

(b)any convention, custom or practice of any kind.

Commencement Information

I103Sch. 1 para. 12 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I104Sch. 1 para. 12 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Rights exercisable only in certain circumstances etcU.K.

13.—(1) Rights that are exercisable only in certain circumstances are to be taken into account only—

(a)when the circumstances have arisen, and for so long as they continue to obtain, or

(b)when the circumstances are within the control of the person having the rights.

(2) But rights that are exercisable by an administrator or by creditors while a person is subject to relevant insolvency proceedings are not to be taken into account while the person is subject to those proceedings.

(3) “Relevant insolvency proceedings” means—

(a)administration within the meaning of the Insolvency Act 1986 F49

(b)administration within the meaning of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 F50, or

(c)proceedings under the insolvency law of another country during which a person's assets and affairs are subject to the control or supervision of a third party or creditor.

(4) Rights that are normally exercisable but are temporarily incapable of exercise are to continue to be taken into account.

Commencement Information

I105Sch. 1 para. 13 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I106Sch. 1 para. 13 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Rights attached to shares held by way of securityU.K.

14.  Rights attached to shares held by way of security provided by a person are to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as held by that person—

(a)where apart from the right to exercise them for the purpose of preserving the value of the security, or of realising it, the rights are exercisable only in accordance with that person's instructions, and

(b)where the shares are held in connection with the granting of loans as part of normal business activities and apart from the right to exercise them for the purpose of preserving the value of the security, or of realising it, the rights are exercisable only in that person's interests.

Commencement Information

I107Sch. 1 para. 14 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I108Sch. 1 para. 14 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(j)

Regulation 19

SCHEDULE 2U.K.List of internal repression goods and internal repression technology

Firearms and related goodsU.K.

1.  Firearms, ammunition and related accessories, as follows—

(a)firearms;

(b)ammunition specially designed for firearms;

(c)weapon-sights.

Commencement Information

I109Sch. 2 para. 1 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I110Sch. 2 para. 1 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

2.  Simulators for training persons to use firearms.U.K.

Commencement Information

I111Sch. 2 para. 2 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I112Sch. 2 para. 2 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

3.  Bombs and grenades.U.K.

Commencement Information

I113Sch. 2 para. 3 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I114Sch. 2 para. 3 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

VehiclesU.K.

4.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), the following types of vehicles—

(a)vehicles equipped with a water cannon, specially designed or modified for the purpose of riot control;

(b)vehicles specially designed or modified to be electrified to repel boarders;

(c)vehicles specially designed or modified to remove barricades, including construction equipment with ballistic protection;

(d)vehicles specially designed for the transport or transfer of prisoners or detainees;

(e)vehicles specially designed to deploy mobile barriers;

(2) Components for the vehicles specified in sub-paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) that have been designed for the purposes of riot control.

(3) Vehicles that might otherwise fall within sub-paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) are not internal repression goods if they are specially designed for the purposes of fire-fighting.

(4) For the purposes of this paragraph, “vehicle” includes a trailer.

Commencement Information

I115Sch. 2 para. 4 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I116Sch. 2 para. 4 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

Explosive substances and related goodsU.K.

5.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), equipment and devices specially designed to initiate explosions by electrical or non-electrical means, including—

(a)firing sets;

(b)detonators;

(c)igniters;

(d)boosters;

(e)detonating cord.

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), components that have been specially designed for any thing mentioned in sub-paragraph (1).

(3) Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to any thing that has been specially designed for a specific commercial use.

(4) For the purpose of paragraph (3), a “specific commercial use” means the actuation or operation by explosive means of other equipment or devices the function of which is not the creation of explosions, including—

(a)car air-bag inflaters;

(b)electric-surge arresters; and

(c)fire sprinkler actuators.

Commencement Information

I117Sch. 2 para. 5 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I118Sch. 2 para. 5 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

6.  Linear cutting explosive charges.U.K.

Commencement Information

I119Sch. 2 para. 6 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I120Sch. 2 para. 6 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

7.  The following explosives and related substances—U.K.

(a)amatol;

(b)nitrocellulose (containing more than 12.5 % nitrogen);

(c)nitroglycol;

(d)pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN);

(e)picryl chloride;

(f)2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT).

Commencement Information

I121Sch. 2 para. 7 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I122Sch. 2 para. 7 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

Other goodsU.K.

8.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the following equipment designed for the protection of person—

(a)body armour providing ballistic or stabbing protection or both;

(b)helmets providing ballistic or fragmentation protection, or both, including anti-riot helmets;

(c)anti-riot shields and ballistic shields.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to—

(a)any thing specially designed to protect persons for the following purposes—

(i)participation in competitive sport;

(ii)ensuring safety at work;

(b)any thing mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a) or (b) when accompanying a person for that person's own protection.

Commencement Information

I123Sch. 2 para. 8 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I124Sch. 2 para. 8 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

9.  Night vision equipment.U.K.

Commencement Information

I125Sch. 2 para. 9 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I126Sch. 2 para. 9 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

10.  Thermal imaging equipment.U.K.

Commencement Information

I127Sch. 2 para. 10 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I128Sch. 2 para. 10 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

11.  Image intensifier tubes.U.K.

Commencement Information

I129Sch. 2 para. 11 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I130Sch. 2 para. 11 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

12.  Razor barbed wire.U.K.

Commencement Information

I131Sch. 2 para. 12 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I132Sch. 2 para. 12 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

13.  The following types of knives—U.K.

(a)knives that are designed for use by military personnel (military knives);

(b)knives that are designed for use as a weapon for inflicting injury (combat knives);

(c)bayonets with blade lengths in excess of 10 cm.

Commencement Information

I133Sch. 2 para. 13 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I134Sch. 2 para. 13 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

Production equipmentU.K.

14.  Any equipment which is specially designed or modified for the development or for one or more of the production phases of any item mentioned in this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I135Sch. 2 para. 14 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I136Sch. 2 para. 14 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

Software and technologyU.K.

15.  Any software which is specially designed for the simulators mentioned in paragraph 2.

Commencement Information

I137Sch. 2 para. 15 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I138Sch. 2 para. 15 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

16.  Any technology which is specially designed to develop, produce or use any item mentioned in this Schedule.U.K.

Commencement Information

I139Sch. 2 para. 16 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I140Sch. 2 para. 16 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

InterpretationU.K.

17.  For the purposes of this Schedule—

  • “develop” and “development” mean all phases prior to production, including design, design research, design analysis, design conceptualisation, assembly and testing of prototypes, pilot production schemes, design data, the process of transforming design data into a product, configuration design, integration design and producing layouts;

  • firearm” means any portable barrelled weapon that expels, is designed to expel or may be converted to expel, a shot, bullet or projective by the action of a combustible propellant;

  • micro-programme” means a sequence of elementary instructions, maintained in a special storage, the execution of which is initiated by the introduction of its reference instruction into an instruction register;

  • production” means all production phases, including construction, production engineering, manufacture, integration, assembly (mounting), inspection, testing and quality assurance;

  • programme” means a sequence of instructions to carry out a process in, or convertible into, a form executable by an electronic computer;

  • software” means a collection of one or more programmes or micro-programmes fixed in any tangible medium of expression;

  • technology” means specific information necessary for the development, production or use of goods mentioned in this Schedule;

  • use” means operation, installation (including on-site installation), maintenance and checking, repair, overhaul and refurbishing.

Commencement Information

I141Sch. 2 para. 17 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

I142Sch. 2 para. 17 in force at 22.3.2019 by S.I. 2019/627, reg. 12(1)(k)

Prospective

Regulation 32

SCHEDULE 3U.K.Treasury licences: purposes

InterpretationU.K.

1.  In this Schedule—

consular post” has the same meaning as in the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations done at Vienna on 24 April 1963 F51, and any reference to the functions of a consular post is to be read in accordance with that Convention;

designated person” has the same meaning as it has in Part 3 (Finance);

“diplomatic mission”, and any reference to the functions of a diplomatic mission, are to be read in accordance with the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations done at Vienna on 18 April 1961 F52;

frozen funds or economic resources” means funds or economic resources frozen by virtue of regulation 11, and any reference to a person's frozen funds or economic resources is to funds or economic resources frozen as a consequence of the designation of that person for the purpose of that regulation.

F51United Nations Treaty Series, vol. 596, p.261.

F52United Nations Treaty Series, vol. 500, p. 95.

Commencement Information

I143Sch. 3 para. 1 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Basic needsU.K.

2.—(1) To enable the basic needs of a designated person, or (in the case of an individual) any dependent family member of such a person, to be met.

(2) In the case of an individual in sub-paragraph (1), “basic needs” includes—

(a)medical needs;

(b)needs for—

(i)food;

(ii)payments of insurance premiums;

(iii)payments of tax;

(iv)rent or mortgage payments;

(v)utility payments.

(3) In the case of a person other than an individual in sub-paragraph (1), “basic needs” includes needs for—

(a)payment of insurance premiums;

(b)payment of reasonable fees for the provision of property management services;

(c)payment of remuneration, allowances or pensions of employees;

(d)payment of tax;

(e)rent or mortgage payments;

(f)utility payments.

(4) In sub-paragraph (1)—

dependent” means financially dependent;

family member” includes—

(a)

the wife or husband of the designated person;

(b)

the civil partner of the designated person;

(c)

any parent or other ascendant of the designated person;

(d)

any child or other descendant of the designated person;

(e)

any person who is a brother or sister of the designated person, or a child or other descendant of such a person.

Commencement Information

I144Sch. 3 para. 2 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Legal servicesU.K.

3.  To enable the payment of—

(a)reasonable professional fees for the provision of legal services, or

(b)reasonable expenses associated with the provision of legal services.

Commencement Information

I145Sch. 3 para. 3 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Maintenance of frozen funds and economic resourcesU.K.

4.  To enable the payment of—

(a)reasonable fees, or

(b)reasonable service charges,

arising from the routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources.

Commencement Information

I146Sch. 3 para. 4 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Extraordinary expensesU.K.

5.  To enable an extraordinary expense of a designated person to be met.

Commencement Information

I147Sch. 3 para. 5 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Pre-existing judicial decisions etcU.K.

6.  To enable, by the use of a designated person's frozen funds or economic resources, the implementation or satisfaction (in whole or in part) of a judicial, administrative or arbitral decision or lien, provided that—

(a)the funds or economic resources so used are the subject of the decision or lien,

(b)the decision or lien—

(i)was made or established before the date on which the person became a designated person, and

(ii)is enforceable in the United Kingdom, and

(c)the use of the frozen funds or economic resources does not directly or indirectly benefit any other designated person.

Commencement Information

I148Sch. 3 para. 6 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Diplomatic missionsU.K.

7.  To enable anything to be done in order that the functions of a diplomatic mission or consular post in Belarus or of an international organisation enjoying immunities in accordance with international law may be carried out.

Commencement Information

I149Sch. 3 para. 7 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Extraordinary situationU.K.

8.  To enable anything to be done to deal with an extraordinary situation.

Commencement Information

I150Sch. 3 para. 8 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Prior obligationsU.K.

9.  To enable, by the use of a designated person's frozen funds or economic resources, the satisfaction of an obligation of that person (whether arising under a contract, other agreement or otherwise), provided that—

(a)the obligation arose before the date on which the person became a designated person, and

(b)no payments are made to another designated person, whether directly or indirectly.

Commencement Information

I151Sch. 3 para. 9 not in force at made date, see reg. 1(2)

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations are made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (c.13) to establish a sanctions regime in relation to Belarus for the purposes of encouraging the Government of Belarus: to respect democratic principles and institutions, the separation of powers and the rule of law; to refrain from the repression of civil society in Belarus; to properly investigate and institute criminal proceedings against those responsible for the disappearance of four persons named in the Regulations; and to comply with international human rights law and to respect human rights. Following the UK's withdrawal from the European Union, these Regulations also replace the EU sanctions regime in relation to Belarus, implemented via an EU Council Decision and Regulation.

The Regulations confer a power on the Secretary of State to designate persons who are, or have been, involved in: conduct enabling or facilitating the disappearance of the four persons named in the Regulations, or the failure to investigate properly and institute criminal proceedings against the persons responsible for those disappearances; the commission of a serious human rights violation or abuse in Belarus; the repression of civil society or democratic opposition in Belarus; or other actions, policies or activities which undermine democracy or the rule of law in Belarus. Designated persons may be excluded from the United Kingdom and may be made subject to financial sanctions, including having their funds and/or economic resources frozen.

These Regulations also impose trade restrictions on certain goods and technology, namely military goods and military technology and other goods and technology which may be used to repress the civilian population of Belarus (as specified in Schedule 2 of these Regulations).

The Regulations provide for certain exceptions to this sanctions regime, in particular in relation to financial sanctions (for example to allow for frozen accounts to be credited with interest or other earnings) and also acts done for the purpose of national security or the prevention of serious crime. The Regulations also confer powers on the Secretary of State and the Treasury to issue licences in respect of activities that would otherwise be prohibited under the financial and trade sanctions imposed. Schedule 3 of these Regulations sets out the purposes pursuant to which the Treasury may issue such licences in respect of financial sanctions.

The Regulations make it a criminal offence to contravene, or circumvent, any of the prohibitions in these Regulations and prescribe the mode of trial and penalties that apply to such offences. The Regulations also confer powers on specified maritime enforcement officers to stop and search ships in international and foreign waters for the purpose of enforcing specified trade sanctions and to seize goods found on board ships which are being, or have been, dealt with in contravention, or deemed contravention, of those prohibitions. The Regulations prescribe powers for the provision and sharing of information to enable the effective implementation and enforcement of the sanctions regime.

Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus is revoked by these Regulations, as are the Belarus (Asset-Freezing) Regulations 2013 and the Export Control (Belarus) and (Syria Amendment) Order 2011.

An Impact Assessment has not been produced for these Regulations, as they are intended to ensure existing sanctions remain in place following the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union. These Regulations are intended to deliver substantially the same policy effects as the existing European Union sanctions. An Impact Assessment was, however, produced for the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 and can be found at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/653271/Sanctions_and_Anti-Money_Laundering_Bill_Impact_Assessment_18102017.pdf .

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