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Finance Act 2007, SCHEDULE 24 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 21 July 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Section 97

SCHEDULE 24U.K.Penalties for errors

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Sch. 24 modified (8.4.2010) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), Sch. 1 para. 37

C6Sch. 24 applied (with modifications) (19.4.2013) by The Small Charitable Donations Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/938), regs. 1, 15

C7Sch. 24 excluded (17.7.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 35 para. 13(a)

C9Sch. 24 applied (with modifications) by 1992 c. 4, s. 11A(1)(3) (as inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 1 para. 35 of the amending Act) by National Insurance Contributions Act 2015 (c. 5), Sch. 1 para. 3)

C10Sch. 24 applied (with modifications) by 1992 c.7 (N.I.) s. 11A(1)(3) (as inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 1 para. 35 of the amending Act) by National Insurance Contributions Act 2015 (c. 5), Sch. 1 para. 12)

C11Sch. 24 applied (with application in accordance with reg. 1 of the amending S.I.) by The Education (Postgraduate Masters Degree Loans) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/606), regs. 1(1), 85(4)

C12Sch. 24 applied (with application in accordance with reg. 1 of the amending S.I.) by The Education (Postgraduate Masters Degree Loans) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/606), regs. 1(1), 50(3)

C13Sch. 24 applied (with application in accordance with reg. 1 of the amending S.I.) by The Education (Postgraduate Masters Degree Loans) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/606), regs. 1(1), 24(3)

Part 1U.K.Liability for penalty

Error in taxpayer's documentU.K.

1(1)A penalty is payable by a person (P) where—U.K.

(a)P gives HMRC a document of a kind listed in the Table below, and

(b)Conditions 1 and 2 are satisfied.

(2)Condition 1 is that the document contains an inaccuracy which amounts to, or leads to—

(a)an understatement of [F1a] liability to tax,

(b)a false or inflated statement of a loss F2..., or

(c)a false or inflated claim to repayment of tax.

(3)Condition 2 is that the inaccuracy was [F3careless (within the meaning of paragraph 3) or deliberate on P’s part].

(4)Where a document contains more than one inaccuracy, a penalty is payable for each inaccuracy.

TaxDocument
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn under section 8 of TMA 1970 (personal return).
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn under section 8A of TMA 1970 (trustee's return).
Income tax or capital gains taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim for an allowance, deduction or relief.
Income tax or capital gains taxAccounts in connection with ascertaining liability to tax.
Income tax or capital gains taxPartnership return.
Income tax or capital gains taxStatement or declaration in connection with a partnership return.
Income tax or capital gains taxAccounts in connection with a partnership return.
[F4Apprenticeship levy Return under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016.]
[F5Capital gains tax Return under [F6Schedule 2 to FA 2019].]
[F7Income tax Return under section 254 of FA 2004.]
Income taxReturn for the purposes of PAYE regulations.
Construction industry deductionsReturn for the purposes of regulations under section 70(1)(a) of FA 2004 in connection with deductions on account of tax under the Construction Industry Scheme.
Corporation taxCompany tax return under paragraph 3 of Schedule 18 to FA 1998.
Corporation taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim for an allowance, deduction or relief.
Corporation taxAccounts in connection with ascertaining liability to tax.
VATVAT return under regulations made under paragraph 2 of Schedule 11 to VATA 1994.
VATReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim.
[F8VATReturn under a special scheme.]
[F9Insurance premium tax Return under regulations under section 54 of FA 1994.
Insurance premium taxReturn, statement or declaration in connection with a claim.
Inheritance taxAccount under section 216 or 217 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxInformation or document under regulations under section 256 of IHTA 1984.
Inheritance taxStatement or declaration in connection with a deduction, exemption or relief.
Stamp duty land taxReturn under section 76 of FA 2003.
Stamp duty reserve taxReturn under regulations under section 98 of FA 1986.
[F10Annual tax on enveloped dwellings Annual tax on enveloped dwellings return.]
[F10Annual tax on enveloped dwellings Return of adjusted chargeable amount.]
Petroleum revenue taxReturn under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
[F11Petroleum revenue tax Statement or declaration in connection with a claim under paragraph 13A of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.]
Petroleum revenue taxStatement or declaration in connection with a claim under Schedule 5, 6, 7 or 8 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975.
Petroleum revenue taxStatement under section 1(1)(a) of the Petroleum Revenue Tax Act 1980.
[F12Soft drinks industry levy Return under regulations under section 52 of FA 2017]
Aggregates levyReturn under regulations under section 25 of FA 2001.
Climate change levyReturn under regulations under paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000.
Landfill taxReturn under regulations under section 49 of FA 1996.
Air passenger dutyReturn under section 38 of FA 1994.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesReturn under regulations under section 13, 49, 56 or 62 of the Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979.
Alcoholic liquor dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim for repayment of duty under section 4(4) of FA 1995.
Tobacco products dutyReturn under regulations under section 7 of the Tobacco Products Duties Act 1979.
Hydrocarbon oil dutiesReturn under regulations under section 21 of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 93 of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesReturn under regulations under section 100G or 100H of CEMA 1979.
Excise dutiesStatement or declaration in connection with a claim.
General betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2 of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Pool betting dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 2A of Schedule 1 to BGDA 1981.
Bingo dutyReturn under regulations under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3 to BGDA 1981.
Lottery dutyReturn under regulations under section 28(2) of FA 1993.
Gaming dutyReturn under directions under paragraph 10 of Schedule 1 to FA 1997.
Remote gaming dutyReturn under regulations under section 26K of BGDA 1981.]
[F13Machine games duty Return under regulations under paragraph 18 of Schedule 24 to FA 2012]
[F14Any of the taxes mentioned above ]

Any document which is likely to be relied upon by HMRC to determine, without further inquiry, a question about—

(a)

P's liability to tax,

(b)

payments by P by way of or in connection with tax,

(c)

any other payment by P (including penalties), or

(d)

repayments, or any other kind of payment or credit, to P.

[F15(4A)In this paragraph “return under a special scheme” means any of the following, so far as relating to supplies of services treated as made in the United Kingdom—

(a)a special accounting return under paragraph 11 of Schedule 3B;

(b)a value added tax return submitted under any provision of the law of a member State other than the United Kingdom which implements Article 364 of the VAT Directive (as substituted by Article 5(11) of the Amending Directive);

(c)a value added tax return submitted under any provision of the law of a member State other than the United Kingdom which implements Article 369f of the VAT Directive (as inserted by Article 5(15) of the Amending Directive).

(4B)A value added tax return mentioned in paragraph (b) or (c) of sub-paragraph (4A) is regarded for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) as given to HMRC when it is submitted to the authority to whom it is required to be submitted.

(4C)In sub-paragraph (4A)—

  • the VAT Directive” means Directive 2006/112/EC;

  • the Amending Directive” means Council Directive 2008/8/EC.]

[F16(5)In relation to a return under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the Oil Taxation Act 1975 [F17or a statement or declaration under paragraph 13A of that Schedule], references in this Schedule to P include any person who, after the giving of the return for a taxable field (within the meaning of that Act), becomes the responsible person for the field (within the meaning of that Act).]

Textual Amendments

F1Word in Sch. 24 para. 1(2) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F2Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(2) omitted (1.4.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F3Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F4Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (6.4.2017) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 113(2)(16) (with s. 117); S.I. 2017/355, reg. 2

F5Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(4) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 7 para. 60 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), Sch. 7 para. 56(2)

F6Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 para. 32(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2019 (c. 1), Sch. 2 para. 27(2)

F7Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3-5 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F8Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 22 para. 23 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 22 para. 19(2)

F9Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3-5 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F10Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (17.7.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 34 para. 6

F11Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 28(2) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 12 para. 12(2)

F12Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (6.4.2018) by Finance Act 2017 (c. 10), s. 61(2), Sch. 11 para. 3; S.I. 2018/467, reg. 2

F13Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 24 para. 66(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 24 para. 29

F14Words in Sch. 24 para. 1 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(6); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F15Sch. 24 para. 1(4A)-(4C) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 22 para. 23 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 22 para. 19(3)

F16Sch. 24 para. 1(5) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 2(7); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F17Words in Sch. 24 para. 1(5) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 28(2) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), Sch. 12 para. 12(3)

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 24 para. 1 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F18Error in taxpayer's document attributable to another personU.K.

Textual Amendments

F18Sch. 24 para. 1A and cross-heading inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 3; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

1A(1)A penalty is payable by a person (T) where—U.K.

(a)another person (P) gives HMRC a document of a kind listed in the Table in paragraph 1,

(b)the document contains a relevant inaccuracy, and

(c)the inaccuracy was attributable to T deliberately supplying false information to P (whether directly or indirectly), or to T deliberately withholding information from P, with the intention of the document containing the inaccuracy.

(2)A “relevant inaccuracy” is an inaccuracy which amounts to, or leads to—

(a)an understatement of a liability to tax,

(b)a false or inflated statement of a loss, or

(c)a false or inflated claim to repayment of tax.

(3)A penalty is payable under this paragraph in respect of an inaccuracy whether or not P is liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 in respect of the same inaccuracy.]

Under-assessment by HMRCU.K.

2(1)A penalty is payable by a person (P) where—U.K.

(a)an assessment issued to P by HMRC understates P's liability to [F19a relevant tax], and

(b)P has failed to take reasonable steps to notify HMRC, within the period of 30 days beginning with the date of the assessment, that it is an under-assessment.

(2)In deciding what steps (if any) were reasonable HMRC must consider—

(a)whether P knew, or should have known, about the under-assessment, and

(b)what steps would have been reasonable to take to notify HMRC.

[F20(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “relevant tax” means any tax mentioned in the Table in paragraph 1.]

[F21(4)In this paragraph (and in Part 2 of this Schedule so far as relating to this paragraph)—

(a)assessment” includes determination, and

(b)accordingly, references to an under-assessment include an under-determination.]

Textual Amendments

F19Words in Sch. 24 para. 2(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 4(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F20Sch. 24 para. 2(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 4(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F21Sch. 24 para. 2(4) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 2

Commencement Information

I2Sch. 24 para. 2 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Degrees of culpabilityU.K.

3(1)[F22For the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1, inaccuracy in] a document given by P to HMRC is—U.K.

(a)“careless” if the inaccuracy is due to failure by P to take reasonable care,

(b)“deliberate but not concealed” if the inaccuracy is deliberate [F23on P's part] but P does not make arrangements to conceal it, and

(c)“deliberate and concealed” if the inaccuracy is deliberate [F23on P's part] and P makes arrangements to conceal it (for example, by submitting false evidence in support of an inaccurate figure).

(2)An inaccuracy in a document given by P to HMRC, which was neither careless nor deliberate [F24on P's part] when the document was given, is to be treated as careless if P—

(a)discovered the inaccuracy at some later time, and

(b)did not take reasonable steps to inform HMRC.

[F25(3)Paragraph 47 of Schedule 19 to FA 2016 (special measures for persistently unco-operative large businesses) provides for certain inaccuracies to be treated, for the purposes of this Schedule, as being due to a failure by P to take reasonable care.]

Textual Amendments

F22Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F23Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F24Words in Sch. 24 para. 3(2) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 5(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F25Sch. 24 para. 3(3) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 161(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), Sch. 19 para. 48

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 24 para. 3 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F26Errors related to avoidance arrangementsU.K.

Textual Amendments

F26Sch. 24 paras. 3A, 3B and cross-heading inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 64(5)(6) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 (c. 32), s. 64(2)

3A(1)This paragraph applies where a document of a kind listed in the Table in paragraph 1 is given to HMRC by a person (“P”) and the document contains an inaccuracy which—U.K.

(a)falls within paragraph 1(2), and

(b)arises because the document is submitted on the basis that particular avoidance arrangements (within the meaning of paragraph 3B) had an effect which in fact they did not have.

(2)It is to be presumed that the inaccuracy was careless, within the meaning of paragraph 3, unless—

(a)the inaccuracy was deliberate on P's part, or

(b)P satisfies HMRC or (on an appeal notified to the tribunal) the tribunal that P took reasonable care to avoid inaccuracy.

(3)In considering whether P took reasonable care to avoid inaccuracy, HMRC and (on an appeal notified to the tribunal) the tribunal must take no account of any evidence of any reliance by P on advice where the advice is disqualified.

(4)Advice is “disqualified” if any of the following applies—

(a)the advice was given to P by an interested person;

(b)the advice was given to P as a result of arrangements made between an interested person and the person who gave the advice;

(c)the person who gave the advice did not have appropriate expertise for giving the advice;

(d)the advice took no account of P's individual circumstances;

(e)the advice was addressed to, or given to, a person other than P;

but this is subject to sub-paragraphs (5) and (7).

(5)Where (but for this sub-paragraph) advice would be disqualified under any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of sub-paragraph (4), the advice is not disqualified under that paragraph if at the relevant time P—

(a)has taken reasonable steps to find out whether the advice falls within that paragraph, and

(b)reasonably believes that it does not.

(6)In sub-paragraph (4) “an interested person” means—

(a)a person, other than P, who participated in the avoidance arrangements or any transaction forming part of them, or

(b)a person who for any consideration (whether or not in money) facilitated P's entering into the avoidance arrangements.

(7)Where (but for this sub-paragraph) advice would be disqualified under paragraph (a) of sub-paragraph (4) because it was given by a person within sub-paragraph (6)(b), the advice is not disqualified under that paragraph if—

(a)the person giving the advice had appropriate expertise for giving it,

(b)the advice took account of P's individual circumstances, and

(c)at the time when the question whether the advice is disqualified arises—

(i)Condition E in paragraph 3B(5) is met in relation to the avoidance arrangements, but

(ii)none of Conditions A to D in paragraph 3B(5) is or has at any time been met in relation to them.

(8)If the document mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) is given to HMRC by P as a personal representative of a deceased person (“D”)—

(a)sub-paragraph (4) is to be read as if—

(i)the references in paragraphs (a) and (b) to P were to P or D;

(ii)the reference in paragraph (d) to P were to D, and

(iii)the reference in paragraph (e) to a person other than P were to a person who is neither P nor D,

(b)sub-paragraph (6) is to be read as if—

(i)the reference in paragraph (a) to P were a reference to the person to whom the advice was given, and

(ii)the reference in paragraph (b) to P were to D (or, where P also participated in the avoidance arrangements, P or D), and

(c)sub-paragraph (7) is to be read as if the reference in paragraph (b) to P were to D.

(9)In this paragraph—

  • arrangements” includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions (whether or not legally enforceable);

  • the relevant time” means the time when the document mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) is given to HMRC;

  • the tribunal” has the same meaning as in paragraph 17 (see paragraph 17(5A)).

3B(1)In paragraph 3A “avoidance arrangements” means, subject to sub-paragraph (3), arrangements which fall within sub-paragraph (2).U.K.

(2)Arrangements fall within this sub-paragraph if, having regard to all the circumstances, it would be reasonable to conclude that the obtaining of a tax advantage was the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of the arrangements.

(3)Arrangements are not avoidance arrangements for the purposes of paragraph 3A if (although they fall within sub-paragraph (2))—

(a)they are arrangements which accord with established practice, and

(b)HMRC had, at the time the arrangements were entered into, indicated its acceptance of that practice.

(4)If, at any time, any of Conditions A to E is met in relation to particular arrangements—

(a)for the purposes of this Schedule the arrangements are to be taken to fall within (and always to have fallen within) sub-paragraph (2), and

(b)in relation to the arrangements, sub-paragraph (3) (and the reference to it in sub-paragraph (1)) are to be treated as omitted.

This does not prevent arrangements from falling within sub-paragraph (2) other than by reason of one or more of Conditions A to E being met.

(5)Conditions A to E are as follows—

(a)Condition A is that the arrangements are DOTAS arrangements within the meaning given by section 219(5) and (6) of FA 2014;

(b)Condition B is that the arrangements are disclosable VAT arrangements or disclosable indirect tax arrangements for the purposes of Schedule 18 to FA 2016 (see paragraphs 8A to 9A of that Schedule);

(c)Condition C is that both of the following apply—

(i)P has been given a notice under a provision mentioned in sub-paragraph (6) stating that a tax advantage arising from the arrangements is to be counteracted, and

(ii)that tax advantage has been counteracted under section 209 of FA 2013;

(d)Condition D is that a follower notice under section 204 of FA 2014 has been given to P by reference to the arrangements (and not withdrawn) and—

(i)the necessary corrective action for the purposes of section 208 of FA 2014 has been taken in respect of the denied advantage, or

(ii)the denied advantage has been counteracted otherwise than as mentioned in sub-paragraph (i);

(e)Condition E is that a tax advantage asserted by reference to the arrangements has been counteracted (by an assessment, an amendment of a return or claim, or otherwise) on the basis that an avoidance-related rule applies in relation to P's affairs.

(6)The provisions referred to in sub-paragraph (5)(c)(i) are—

(a)paragraph 12 of Schedule 43 to FA 2013 (general anti-abuse rule: notice of final decision);

(b)paragraph 8 or 9 of Schedule 43A to that Act (pooled or bound arrangements: notice of final decision);

(c)paragraph 8 of Schedule 43B to that Act (generic referrals: notice of final decision).

(7)In sub-paragraph (5)(d) the reference to giving a follower notice to P includes giving a partnership follower notice in respect of a partnership return in relation to which P is a relevant partner; and for the purposes of this sub-paragraph—

(a)relevant partner” has the meaning given by paragraph 2(5) of Schedule 31 to FA 2014;

(b)a partnership follower notice is given “in respect of” the partnership return mentioned in paragraph 2(2)(a) or (b) of that Schedule.

(8)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (5)(d) it does not matter whether the denied advantage has been dealt with—

(a)wholly as mentioned in one or other of sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) of sub-paragraph (5)(d), or

(b)partly as mentioned in one of those sub-paragraphs and partly as mentioned in the other;

and “the denied advantage” has the same meaning as in Chapter 2 of Part 4 of FA 2014 (see section 208(3) of and paragraph 4(3) of Schedule 31 to that Act).

(9)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (5)(e) a tax advantage has been “asserted by reference to” the arrangements if a return, claim or appeal has been made by P on the basis that the tax advantage results from the arrangements.

(10)In this paragraph—

  • arrangements” has the same meaning as in paragraph 3A;

  • avoidance-related rule” has the same meaning as in Part 4 of Schedule 18 to FA 2016 (see paragraph 25 of that Schedule);

  • a “tax advantage” includes—

    (a)

    relief or increased relief from tax,

    (b)

    repayment or increased repayment of tax,

    (c)

    avoidance or reduction of a charge to tax or an assessment to tax,

    (d)

    avoidance of a possible assessment to tax,

    (e)

    deferral of a payment of tax or advancement of a repayment of tax,

    (f)

    avoidance of an obligation to deduct or account for tax, and

    (g)

    in relation to VAT, anything which is a tax advantage for the purposes of Schedule 18 to FA 2016 under paragraph 5 of that Schedule.]

Part 2U.K.Amount of penalty

Standard amountU.K.

[F274(1)This paragraph sets out the penalty payable under paragraph 1.U.K.

(2)If the inaccuracy is in category 1, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 30% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 70% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 100% of the potential lost revenue.

(3)If the inaccuracy is in category 2, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 45% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 105% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 150% of the potential lost revenue.

(4)If the inaccuracy is in category 3, the penalty is—

(a)for careless action, 60% of the potential lost revenue,

(b)for deliberate but not concealed action, 140% of the potential lost revenue, and

(c)for deliberate and concealed action, 200% of the potential lost revenue.

(5)Paragraph 4A explains the 3 categories of inaccuracy.

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4A(1)An inaccuracy is in category 1 if—U.K.

(a)it involves a domestic matter, or

(b)it involves an offshore matter and—

(i)the territory in question is a category 1 territory, or

(ii)the tax at stake is a tax other than income tax or capital gains tax.

(2)An inaccuracy is in category 2 if—

(a)it involves an offshore matter [F28or an offshore transfer] ,

(b)the territory in question is a category 2 territory, and

(c)the tax at stake is income tax [F29, capital gains tax or inheritance tax] .

(3)An inaccuracy is in category 3 if—

(a)it involves an offshore matter [F30or an offshore transfer] ,

(b)the territory in question is a category 3 territory, and

(c)the tax at stake is income tax [F31 , capital gains tax or inheritance tax] .

(4)An inaccuracy “involves an offshore matter” if it results in a potential loss of revenue that is charged on or by reference to—

(a)income arising from a source in a territory outside the UK,

(b)assets situated or held in a territory outside the UK,

(c)activities carried on wholly or mainly in a territory outside the UK, or

(d)anything having effect as if it were income, assets or activities of a kind described above.

[F32(4A)Where the tax at stake is inheritance tax, assets are treated for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4) as situated or held in a territory outside the UK if they are so situated or held immediately after the transfer of value by reason of which inheritance tax becomes chargeable.

(4B)An inaccuracy “involves an offshore transfer” if—

(a)it does not involve an offshore matter,

(b)it is deliberate (whether or not concealed) and results in a potential loss of revenue,

(c)the tax at stake is income tax, capital gains tax or inheritance tax, and

(d)the applicable condition in paragraph 4AA is satisfied.]

(5)An inaccuracy “involves a domestic matter” if it results in a potential loss of revenue [F33and does not involve either an offshore matter or an offshore transfer ] .

(6)If a single inaccuracy is in more than one category (each referred to as a “relevant category”)—

(a)it is to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as if it were separate inaccuracies, one in each relevant category according to the matters [F34or transfers] that it involves, and

(b)the potential lost revenue is to be calculated separately in respect of each separate inaccuracy.

(7)“Category 1 territory”, “category 2 territory” and “category 3 territory” are defined in paragraph 21A.

(8)Assets” has the meaning given in section 21(1) of TCGA 1992, but also includes sterling.

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

F28Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(2)(a) inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(3)(a); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F29Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(2)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(3)(b); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F30Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(3)(a) inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(4)(a); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F31Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(3)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(4)(b); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F32Sch. 24 para. 4A(4A)(4B) inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(5); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F33Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(6); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F34Words in Sch. 24 para. 4A(6)(a) inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 3(7); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

[F354AA(1)This paragraph makes provision in relation to offshore transfers.U.K.

(2)Where the tax at stake is income tax, the applicable condition is satisfied if the income on or by reference to which the tax is charged, or any part of the income—

(a)is received in a territory outside the UK, or

(b)is transferred before the filing date to a territory outside the UK.

(3)Where the tax at stake is capital gains tax, the applicable condition is satisfied if the proceeds of the disposal on or by reference to which the tax is charged, or any part of the proceeds—

(a)are received in a territory outside the UK, or

(b)are transferred before the filing date to a territory outside the UK.

(4)Where the tax at stake is inheritance tax, the applicable condition is satisfied if—

(a)the disposition that gives rise to the transfer of value by reason of which the tax becomes chargeable involves a transfer of assets, and

(b)after that disposition but before the filing date the assets, or any part of the assets, are transferred to a territory outside the UK.

(5)In the case of a transfer falling within sub-paragraph (2)(b), (3)(b) or (4)(b), references to the income, proceeds or assets transferred are to be read as including references to any assets derived from or representing the income, proceeds or assets.

(6)In relation to an offshore transfer, the territory in question for the purposes of paragraph 4A is the highest category of territory by virtue of which the inaccuracy involves an offshore transfer.

(7)Filing date” means the date when the document containing the inaccuracy is given to HMRC.

(8)Assets” has the same meaning as in paragraph 4A.]

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

F35Sch. 24 para. 4AA inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 4; S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

4BThe penalty payable under paragraph 1A is 100% of the potential lost revenue.

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4CThe penalty payable under paragraph 2 is 30% of the potential lost revenue.

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

4DParagraphs 5 to 8 define “potential lost revenue”.]

Textual Amendments

F27Sch. 24 paras. 4-4D substituted for Sch. 24 para. 4 (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 2; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: normal ruleU.K.

5(1)“The potential lost revenue” in respect of an inaccuracy in a document [F36(including an inaccuracy attributable to a supply of false information or withholding of information)] or a failure to notify an under-assessment is the additional amount due or payable in respect of tax as a result of correcting the inaccuracy or assessment.U.K.

(2)The reference in sub-paragraph (1) to the additional amount due or payable includes a reference to—

(a)an amount payable to HMRC having been erroneously paid by way of repayment of tax, and

(b)an amount which would have been repayable by HMRC had the inaccuracy or assessment not been corrected.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “tax” includes national insurance contributions.

(4)The following shall be ignored in calculating potential lost revenue under this paragraph—

(a)group relief, and

[F37(b)any relief under [F38section 458 of CTA 2010] (relief in respect of repayment etc of loan) which is deferred under [F39subsection (5)] of that section;]

(but this sub-paragraph does not prevent a penalty being charged in respect of an inaccurate claim for relief).

Textual Amendments

F36Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 7; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F37Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 3

F38Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 575(a) (with Sch. 2)

F39Words in Sch. 24 para. 5(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 575(b) (with Sch. 2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I4Sch. 24 para. 5 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: multiple errorsU.K.

6(1)Where P is liable to a penalty [F40under paragraph 1] in respect of more than one inaccuracy, and the calculation of potential lost revenue under paragraph 5 in respect of each inaccuracy depends on the order in which they are corrected—U.K.

(a)careless inaccuracies shall be taken to be corrected before deliberate inaccuracies, and

(b)deliberate but not concealed inaccuracies shall be taken to be corrected before deliberate and concealed inaccuracies.

(2)In calculating potential lost revenue where P is liable to a penalty [F41under paragraph 1] in respect of one or more understatements in one or more documents relating to a tax period, account shall be taken of any overstatement in any document given by P which relates to the same tax period.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)understatement” means an inaccuracy that satisfies Condition 1 of paragraph 1, and

(b)overstatement” means an inaccuracy that does not satisfy that condition.

(4)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) overstatements shall be set against understatements in the following order—

(a)understatements in respect of which P is not liable to a penalty,

(b)careless understatements,

(c)deliberate but not concealed understatements, and

(d)deliberate and concealed understatements.

(5)In calculating [F42for the purposes of a penalty under paragraph 1] potential lost revenue in respect of a document given by or on behalf of P no account shall be taken of the fact that a potential loss of revenue from P is or may be balanced by a potential over-payment by another person (except to the extent that an enactment requires or permits a person's tax liability to be adjusted by reference to P's).

Textual Amendments

F40Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F41Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(2) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F42Words in Sch. 24 para. 6(5) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 8(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C16Sch. 24 para. 6 modified (with effect in accordance with Sch. 18 paras. 2-13 of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 (c. 32), Sch. 18 para. 15(3)

Commencement Information

I5Sch. 24 para. 6 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: lossesU.K.

7(1)Where an inaccuracy has the result that a loss is wrongly recorded for purposes of direct tax and the loss has been wholly used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, the potential lost revenue is calculated in accordance with paragraph 5.U.K.

(2)Where an inaccuracy has the result that a loss is wrongly recorded for purposes of direct tax and the loss has not been wholly used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, the potential lost revenue is—

(a)the potential lost revenue calculated in accordance with paragraph 5 in respect of any part of the loss that has been used to reduce the amount due or payable in respect of tax, plus

(b)10% of any part that has not.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) apply both—

(a)to a case where no loss would have been recorded but for the inaccuracy, and

(b)to a case where a loss of a different amount would have been recorded (but in that case sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) apply only to the difference between the amount recorded and the true amount).

(4)Where an inaccuracy has the effect of creating or increasing an aggregate loss recorded for a group of companies—

(a)the potential lost revenue shall be calculated in accordance with this paragraph, and

(b)in applying paragraph 5 in accordance with sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) above, group relief may be taken into account (despite paragraph 5(4)(a)).

(5)The potential lost revenue in respect of a loss is nil where, because of the nature of the loss or P's circumstances, there is no reasonable prospect of the loss being used to support a claim to reduce a tax liability (of any person).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I6Sch. 24 para. 7 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Potential lost revenue: delayed taxU.K.

8(1)Where an inaccuracy resulted in an amount of tax being declared later than it should have been (“the delayed tax”), the potential lost revenue is—U.K.

(a)5% of the delayed tax for each year of the delay, or

(b)a percentage of the delayed tax, for each separate period of delay of less than a year, equating to 5% per year.

(2)This paragraph does not apply to a case to which paragraph 7 applies.

Commencement Information

I7Sch. 24 para. 8 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Reductions for disclosureU.K.

9[F43(A1)Paragraph 10 provides for reductions in penalties—U.K.

(a)under paragraph 1 where a person discloses an inaccuracy that involves a domestic matter,

(b)under paragraph 1A where a person discloses a supply of false information or withholding of information, and

(c)under paragraph 2 where a person discloses a failure to disclose an under-assessment.

(A2)Paragraph 10A provides for reductions in penalties under paragraph 1 where a person discloses an inaccuracy that involves an offshore matter or an offshore transfer.

(A3)Sub-paragraph (1) applies where a person discloses—

(a)an inaccuracy that involves a domestic matter,

(b)a careless inaccuracy that involves an offshore matter,

(c)a supply of false information or withholding of information, or

(d)a failure to disclose an under-assessment.]

(1)A person discloses [F44the matter] by—

(a)telling HMRC about it,

(b)giving HMRC reasonable help in quantifying the inaccuracy [F45, the inaccuracy attributable to the [F46supply of false information] or withholding of information, or the] under-assessment, and

(c)allowing HMRC access to records for the purpose of ensuring that the inaccuracy [F47, the inaccuracy attributable to the [F48supply of false information] or withholding of information, or the] under-assessment is fully corrected.

[F49(1A)Sub-paragraph (1B) applies where a person discloses—

(a)a deliberate inaccuracy (whether concealed or not) that involves an offshore matter, or

(b)an inaccuracy that involves an offshore transfer.

(1B)A person discloses the inaccuracy by—

(a)telling HMRC about it,

(b)giving HMRC reasonable help in quantifying the inaccuracy,

(c)allowing HMRC access to records for the purpose of ensuring that the inaccuracy is fully corrected, and

(d)providing HMRC with additional information.

(1C)The Treasury must make regulations setting out what is meant by “additional information” for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1B)(d).

(1D)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1C) are to be made by statutory instrument.

(1E)An instrument containing regulations under sub-paragraph (1C) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.]

(2)Disclosure—

(a)is “unprompted” if made at a time when the person making it has no reason to believe that HMRC have discovered or are about to discover the inaccuracy [F50, the supply of false information or withholding of information, or the under-assessment], and

(b)otherwise, is “prompted”.

(3)In relation to disclosure “quality” includes timing, nature and extent.

[F51(4)Paragraph 4A(4) to (5) applies to determine whether an inaccuracy involves an offshore matter, an offshore transfer or a domestic matter for the purposes of this paragraph.]

Textual Amendments

F43Sch. 24 paras. 9(A1)-(A3) substituted for Sch. 24 para. 9(A1) (with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 2(2); S.I. 2017/259, reg. 2

F44Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 2(3); S.I. 2017/259, reg. 2

F45Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(b) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(3)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F46Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(b) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 4

F47Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(c) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(3)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F48Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(1)(c) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 4

F49Sch. 24 para. 9(1A)-(1E) inserted (8.3.2017 for specified purposes and 1.4.2017 in so far as not already in force and with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 2(4); S.I. 2017/259, regs. 2, 3

F50Words in Sch. 24 para. 9(2)(a) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 9(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F51Sch. 24 para. 9(4) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 2(5); S.I. 2017/259, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18Sch. 24 para. 9 modified by 1994 c. 23, Sch. 3BA para. 34 (as inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 22 paras. 23, 24 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 22 para. 1)

Commencement Information

I8Sch. 24 para. 9 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F5210(1)If a person who would otherwise be liable to a penalty of a percentage shown in column 1 of the Table (a “standard percentage”) has made a disclosure, HMRC must reduce the standard percentage to one that reflects the quality of the disclosure.U.K.

(2)But the standard percentage may not be reduced to a percentage that is below the minimum shown for it—

(a)in the case of a prompted disclosure, in column 2 of the Table, and

(b)in the case of an unprompted disclosure, in column 3 of the Table.

[F53Standard %Minimum % for prompted disclosureMinimum % for unprompted disclosure
30%15%0%
70%35%20%
100%50%30%]]

Textual Amendments

F52Sch. 24 para. 10 substituted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 3; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

F53Sch. 24 para. 10(2) Table substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 3; S.I. 2017/259, reg. 2

[F5410A(1)If a person who would otherwise be liable to a penalty of a percentage shown in column 1 of the Table (a “standard percentage”) has made a disclosure, HMRC must reduce the standard percentage to one that reflects the quality of the disclosure.U.K.

(2)But the standard percentage may not be reduced to a percentage that is below the minimum shown for it—

(a)in the case of a prompted disclosure, in column 2 of the Table, and

(b)in the case of an unprompted disclosure, in column 3 of the Table.

Standard %Minimum % for prompted disclosureMinimum % for unprompted disclosure
30%15%0%
37.5%18.75%0%
45%22.5%0%
60%30%0%
70%45%30%
87.5%53.75%35%
100%60%40%
105%62.5%40%
125%72.5%50%
140%80%50%
150%85%55%
200%110%70%]

Textual Amendments

F54Sch. 24 para. 10A inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2 of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 163(2), Sch. 21 para. 4; S.I. 2017/259, reg. 2

Special reductionU.K.

11(1)If they think it right because of special circumstances, HMRC may reduce a penalty under paragraph 1[F55, 1A] or 2.U.K.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) “special circumstances” does not include—

(a)ability to pay, or

(b)the fact that a potential loss of revenue from one taxpayer is balanced by a potential over-payment by another.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) the reference to reducing a penalty includes a reference to—

(a)staying a penalty, and

(b)agreeing a compromise in relation to proceedings for a penalty.

Textual Amendments

F55Word in Sch. 24 para. 11(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 10; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I9Sch. 24 para. 11 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Interaction with other penalties [F56and late payment surcharges] U.K.

Textual Amendments

F56Words in Sch. 24 para. 12 cross-heading inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 11(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

12(1)The final entry in the Table in paragraph 1 excludes a document in respect of which a penalty is payable under section 98 of TMA 1970 (special returns).U.K.

(2)The amount of a penalty for which P is liable under paragraph 1 or 2 in respect of a document relating to a tax period shall be reduced by the amount of any other penalty [F57incurred by P, or any surcharge for late payment of tax imposed on P, if the amount of the penalty or surcharge is determined by reference to the same tax liability.]

[F58(2A)In sub-paragraph (2) “any other penalty” does not include a penalty under Part 4 of FA 2014 (penalty where corrective action not taken after follower notice etc) [F59or Schedule 22 to FA 2016 (asset-based penalty)].]

(3)In the application of section 97A of TMA 1970 (multiple penalties) no account shall be taken of a penalty under paragraph 1 or 2.

[F60(4)Where penalties are imposed under paragraphs 1 and 1A in respect of the same inaccuracy, the aggregate of the amounts of the penalties must not exceed the relevant percentage of the potential lost revenue.

(5)The relevant percentage is—

(a)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 1, 100%,

(b)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 2, 150%, and

(c)if the penalty imposed under paragraph 1 is for an inaccuracy in category 3, 200%.]

Textual Amendments

F57Words in Sch. 24 para. 12(2) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 11(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F58Sch. 24 para. 12(2A) inserted (17.7.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 33 para. 3

F59Words in Sch. 24 para. 12(2A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(b) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 165(2), Sch. 22 para. 20(3); S.I. 2017/277, reg. 2(b)

F60Sch. 24 para. 12(4)(5) substituted for Sch. 24 para. 12(4) (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 4; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

Commencement Information

I10Sch. 24 para. 12 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 3U.K.Procedure

AssessmentU.K.

13(1)[F61Where a person] becomes liable for a penalty under paragraph 1[F62, 1A] or 2 HMRC shall—U.K.

(a)assess the penalty,

(b)[F63notify the person], and

(c)state in the notice a tax period in respect of which the penalty is assessed [F64(subject to sub-paragraph (1ZB))].

[F65(1ZA)Sub-paragraph (1ZB) applies where—

(a)a person is at any time liable for two or more penalties relating to PAYE returns, or for two or more penalties relating to CIS returns, [F66 or for two or more penalties relating to apprenticeship levy returns, ] and

(b)the penalties (“the relevant penalties”) are assessed in respect of more than one tax period (“the relevant tax periods”).

(1ZB)A notice under sub-paragraph (1) in respect of any of the relevant penalties may, instead of stating the tax period in respect of which the penalty is assessed, state the tax year or the part of a tax year to which the penalty relates.

(1ZC)For that purpose, a relevant penalty relates to the tax year or the part of a tax year in which the relevant tax periods fall.

(1ZD)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1ZA)—

  • a PAYE return” means a return for the purposes of PAYE regulations;

  • a CIS return” means a return for the purposes of regulations under section 70(1)(a) of FA 2004 in connection with deductions on account of tax under the Construction Industry Scheme.]

  • [F67an apprenticeship levy return” means a return under regulations under section 105 of FA 2016;]

[F68(1A)A penalty under paragraph 1, 1A or 2 must be paid before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which notification of the penalty is issued.]

(2)An assessment—

(a)shall be treated for procedural purposes in the same way as an assessment to tax (except in respect of a matter expressly provided for by this Act),

(b)may be enforced as if it were an assessment to tax, and

(c)may be combined with an assessment to tax.

(3)An assessment of a penalty under paragraph 1 [F69 or 1A] must be made [F70before the end of the] period of 12 months beginning with—

(a)the end of the appeal period for the decision correcting the inaccuracy, or

(b)if there is no assessment [F71to the tax concerned] within paragraph (a), the date on which the inaccuracy is corrected.

(4)An assessment of a penalty under paragraph 2 must be made [F72before the end of the period of 12 months beginning with—

(a)the end of the appeal period for the assessment of tax which corrected the understatement, or

(b)if there is no assessment within paragraph (a), the date on which the understatement is corrected.]

(5)For the purpose of sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) a reference to an appeal period is a reference to the period during which—

(a)an appeal could be brought, or

(b)an appeal that has been brought has not been determined or withdrawn.

(6)Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) and (4), a supplementary assessment may be made in respect of a penalty if an earlier assessment operated by reference to an underestimate of potential lost revenue.

[F73(7)In this Part of this Schedule references to an assessment to tax, in relation to inheritance tax and stamp duty reserve tax, are to a determination.]

Textual Amendments

F61Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F62Word in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F63Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(2)(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F64Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(1)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 50 para. 16(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 50 para. 1(2)

F65Sch. 24 para. 13(1ZA)-(1ZD) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 50 para. 16(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 50 para. 1(3)

F68Sch. 24 para. 13(1A) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F69Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F70Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F71Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(4)(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F72Words in Sch. 24 para. 13(4) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 12(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F73Sch. 24 para. 13(7) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 5

Commencement Information

I11Sch. 24 para. 13 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

SuspensionU.K.

14(1)HMRC may suspend all or part of a penalty for a careless inaccuracy under paragraph 1 by notice in writing to P.U.K.

(2)A notice must specify—

(a)what part of the penalty is to be suspended,

(b)a period of suspension not exceeding two years, and

(c)conditions of suspension to be complied with by P.

(3)HMRC may suspend all or part of a penalty only if compliance with a condition of suspension would help P to avoid becoming liable to further penalties under paragraph 1 for careless inaccuracy.

(4)A condition of suspension may specify—

(a)action to be taken, and

(b)a period within which it must be taken.

(5)On the expiry of the period of suspension—

(a)if P satisfies HMRC that the conditions of suspension have been complied with, the suspended penalty or part is cancelled, and

(b)otherwise, the suspended penalty or part becomes payable.

(6)If, during the period of suspension of all or part of a penalty under paragraph 1, P becomes liable for another penalty under that paragraph, the suspended penalty or part becomes payable.

Commencement Information

I12Sch. 24 para. 14 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

AppealU.K.

15(1)[F74A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC that a penalty is payable [F75by the person].U.K.

(2)[F74A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC as to the amount of a penalty payable [F75by the person].

(3)[F74A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC not to suspend a penalty payable [F75by the person].

(4)[F74A person may] appeal against a decision of HMRC setting conditions of suspension of a penalty payable [F75by the person].

Textual Amendments

F74Words in Sch. 24 para. 15 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 13(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F75Words in Sch. 24 para. 15 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 13(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 24 para. 15 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F7616(1)An appeal under this Part of this Schedule shall be treated in the same way as an appeal against an assessment to the tax concerned (including by the application of any provision about bringing the appeal by notice to HMRC, about HMRC review of the decision or about determination of the appeal by the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal).U.K.

(2)[F77Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply—

(a)so as to require P to pay a penalty before an appeal against the assessment of the penalty is determined, or

(b)in respect of any other matter expressly provided for by this Act.]]

Textual Amendments

F77Sch. 24 para. 16(2) substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 6

17(1)On an appeal under paragraph 15(1) the F78... tribunal may affirm or cancel HMRC's decision.U.K.

(2)On an appeal under paragraph 15(2) the F79... tribunal may—

(a)affirm HMRC's decision, or

(b)substitute for HMRC's decision another decision that HMRC had power to make.

(3)If the F80... tribunal substitutes its decision for HMRC's, the F80... tribunal may rely on paragraph 11—

(a)to the same extent as HMRC (which may mean applying the same percentage reduction as HMRC to a different starting point), or

(b)to a different extent, but only if the F80... tribunal thinks that HMRC's decision in respect of the application of paragraph 11 was flawed.

(4)On an appeal under paragraph 15(3)—

(a)the F81... tribunal may order HMRC to suspend the penalty only if it thinks that HMRC's decision not to suspend was flawed, and

(b)if the F82... tribunal orders HMRC to suspend the penalty—

(i)P may appeal F83... against a provision of the notice of suspension, and

(ii)the F84... tribunal may order HMRC to amend the notice.

(5)On an appeal under paragraph 15(4) the F85... tribunal—

(a)may affirm the conditions of suspension, or

(b)may vary the conditions of suspension, but only if the F85... tribunal thinks that HMRC's decision in respect of the conditions was flawed.

[F86(5A)In this paragraph “tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal (as appropriate by virtue of paragraph 16(1)).]

(6)In sub-paragraphs (3)(b), (4)(a) and (5)(b) “flawed” means flawed when considered in the light of the principles applicable in proceedings for judicial review.

(7)Paragraph 14 (see in particular paragraph 14(3)) is subject to the possibility of an order under this paragraph.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I14Sch. 24 para. 17 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Part 4U.K.Miscellaneous

AgencyU.K.

18(1)P is liable under paragraph 1(1)(a) where a document which contains a careless inaccuracy (within the meaning of paragraph 3) is given to HMRC on P's behalf.U.K.

(2)In paragraph 2(1)(b) and (2)(a) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

(3)Despite sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), P is not liable to a penalty [F87under paragraph 1 or 2] in respect of anything done or omitted by P's agent where P satisfies HMRC that P took reasonable care to avoid inaccuracy (in relation to paragraph 1) or unreasonable failure (in relation to paragraph 2).

(4)In paragraph 3(1)(a) (whether in its application to a document given by P or, by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) above, in its application to a document given on P's behalf) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

(5)In paragraph 3(2) a reference to P includes a reference to a person who acts on P's behalf in relation to tax.

[F88(6)Paragraph 3A applies where a document is given to HMRC on behalf of P as it applies where a document is given to HMRC by P (and in paragraph 3B(9) the reference to P includes a person acting on behalf of P).]

Textual Amendments

F87Words in Sch. 24 para. 18(3) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 15; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F88Sch. 24 para. 18(6) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 64(5)(6) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 (c. 32), s. 64(3)

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 24 para. 18 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Companies: officers' liabilityU.K.

19(1)Where a penalty under paragraph 1 is payable by a company for a deliberate inaccuracy which was attributable to an officer [F89of the company, the officer is liable to pay such portion of the penalty (which may be 100%) as HMRC] may specify by written notice to the officer. U.K.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not allow HMRC to recover more than 100% of a penalty.

(3)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) to a body corporate [F90other than a limited liability partnership]officer” means—

(a)a director (including a shadow director within the meaning of section 251 of the Companies Act 2006 (c. 46)), F91...

[F92(aa)a manager, and]

(b)a secretary.

[F93(3A)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) to a limited liability partnership, “officer” means a member.]

(4)In the application of sub-paragraph (1) in any other case “officer” means—

(a)a director,

(b)a manager,

(c)a secretary, and

(d)any other person managing or purporting to manage any of the company's affairs.

[F94(5)Where HMRC have specified a portion of a penalty in a notice given to an officer under sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)paragraph 11 applies to the specified portion as to a penalty,

(b)the officer must pay the specified portion before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day on which the notice is given,

(c)paragraph 13(2), (3) and (5) apply as if the notice were an assessment of a penalty,

(d)a further notice may be given in respect of a portion of any additional amount assessed in a supplementary assessment in respect of the penalty under paragraph 13(6),

(e)paragraphs 15(1) and (2), 16 and 17(1) to (3) and (6) apply as if HMRC had decided that a penalty of the amount of the specified portion is payable by the officer, and

(f)paragraph 21 applies as if the officer were liable to a penalty.]

[F95(6)In this paragraph “company” means any body corporate or unincorporated association, but does not include a partnership, a local authority or a local authority association.]

Textual Amendments

F89Words in Sch. 24 para. 19(1) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 16(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F90Words in Sch. 24 para. 19(3) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(a)

F91Word in Sch. 24 para. 19(3)(a) omitted (21.7.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(b)

F92Sch. 24 para. 19(3)(aa) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(2)(c)

F93Sch. 24 para. 19(3A) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(3)

F94Sch. 24 para. 19(5) substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 16(3); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F95Sch. 24 para. 19(6) inserted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 7(4)

Commencement Information

I16Sch. 24 para. 19 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

PartnershipsU.K.

20(1)This paragraph applies where P is liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 for an inaccuracy in or in connection with a partnership return.U.K.

(2)Where the inaccuracy affects the amount of tax due or payable by a partner of P, the partner is also liable to a penalty (“a partner's penalty”).

(3)Paragraphs 4 to 13 and 19 shall apply in relation to a partner's penalty (for which purpose a reference to P shall be taken as a reference to the partner).

(4)Potential lost revenue shall be calculated separately for the purpose of P's penalty and any partner's penalty, by reference to the proportions of any tax liability that would be borne by each partner.

(5)Paragraph 14 shall apply jointly to P's penalty and any partner's penalties.

(6)P may bring an appeal under paragraph 15 in respect of a partner's penalty (in addition to any appeal that P may bring in connection with the penalty for which P is liable).

Commencement Information

I17Sch. 24 para. 20 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Double jeopardyU.K.

21[F96A person is] not liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 [F97, 1A] or 2 in respect of an inaccuracy or failure in respect of which [F98the person has] been convicted of an offence.

Textual Amendments

F96Words in Sch. 24 para. 21 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(a); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F97Word in Sch. 24 para. 21 inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(b); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F98Words in Sch. 24 para. 21 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 17(c); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I18Sch. 24 para. 21 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F9921ZA(1)A person is not liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 in respect of an inaccuracy if—U.K.

(a)the inaccuracy involves a claim by the person to exercise or rely on a VAT right (in relation to a supply) that has been denied or refused by HMRC as mentioned in subsection (4) of section 69C of VATA 1994, and

(b)the person has been assessed to a penalty under that section (and the assessment has not been successfully appealed against or withdrawn).

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) “VAT right” has the same meaning as in section 69C of VATA 1994.]

Textual Amendments

Part 5U.K.General

[F100Classification of territoriesU.K.

Textual Amendments

F100Sch. 24 paras. 21A, 21B and cross-headings inserted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 5; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

21A(1)A category 1 territory is a territory designated as a category 1 territory by order made by the Treasury.U.K.

(2)A category 2 territory is a territory that is neither—

(a)a category 1 territory, nor

(b)a category 3 territory.

(3)A category 3 territory is a territory designated as a category 3 territory by order made by the Treasury.

(4)In considering how to classify a territory for the purposes of this paragraph, the Treasury must have regard to—

(a)the existence of any arrangements between the UK and that territory for the exchange of information for tax enforcement purposes,

(b)the quality of any such arrangements (in particular, whether they provide for information to be exchanged automatically or on request), F101...

(c)the benefit that the UK would be likely to obtain from receiving information from that territory, were such arrangements to exist with it.

[F102(d)the existence of any other arrangements between the UK and that territory for co-operation in the area of taxation, and

(e)the quality of any such other arrangements (in particular, the extent to which the co-operation provided for in them assists or is likely to assist in the protection of revenue raised from taxation in the UK).]

(5)An order under this paragraph is to be made by statutory instrument.

(6)Subject to sub-paragraph (7), an instrument containing an order under this paragraph is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.

(7)If the order is—

(a)the first order to be made under sub-paragraph (1), or

(b)the first order to be made under sub-paragraph (3),

it may not be made unless a draft of the instrument containing it has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, the House of Commons.

(8)An order under this paragraph does not apply to inaccuracies in a document given to HMRC (or, in a case within paragraph 3(2), inaccuracies discovered by P) before the date on which the order comes into force.

Textual Amendments

F101Word in Sch. 24 para. 21A(4)(b) omitted (17.7.2012) by virtue of Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), s. 219(a)

F102Sch. 24 para. 21A(4)(d)(e) inserted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), s. 219(b)

Location of assets etcU.K.

21B(1)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for determining for the purposes of paragraph 4A where—U.K.

(a)a source of income is located,

(b)an asset is situated or held, or

(c)activities are wholly or mainly carried on.

[F103(1A)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for determining for the purposes of paragraph 4AA where—

(a)income is received or transferred,

(b)the proceeds of a disposal are received or transferred, or

(c)assets are transferred.]

(2)Different provision may be made for different cases and for income tax [F104, capital gains tax and inheritance tax] .

(3)Regulations under this paragraph are to be made by statutory instrument.

(4)An instrument containing regulations under this paragraph is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.]

Textual Amendments

F103Sch. 24 para. 21B(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 8(2); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

F104Words in Sch. 24 para. 21B(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 3(2) of the commencing S.I.) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), s. 120(2), Sch. 20 para. 8(3); S.I. 2016/456, art. 3(1)

[F105Treatment of certain payments on account of taxU.K.

Textual Amendments

F105Sch. 24 para. 21C and cross-heading inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 7 para. 60 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), Sch. 7 para. 56(3)

21CIn paragraphs 1(2) and 5 references to “tax” are to be interpreted as if amounts payable under [F106Schedule 2 to FA 2019] [F107and amounts payable on account of apprenticeship levy] were tax.]

Textual Amendments

F106Words in Sch. 24 para. 21C substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 2 para. 32(1) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2019 (c. 1), Sch. 2 para. 27(3)

F107Words in Sch. 24 para. 21C inserted (6.4.2017) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), s. 113(4)(16) (with s. 117); S.I. 2017/355, reg. 2

InterpretationU.K.

22Paragraphs 23 to [F10827] apply for the construction of this Schedule.

Textual Amendments

F108Word in Sch. 24 para. 22 substituted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 18; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

Commencement Information

I19Sch. 24 para. 22 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

23HMRC means Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs.

Commencement Information

I20Sch. 24 para. 23 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

[F10923A“Tax”, without more, includes duty.]

Textual Amendments

F109Sch. 24 para. 23A inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 19; S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

[F11023B“UK” means the United Kingdom, including the territorial sea of the United Kingdom.]

Textual Amendments

F110Sch. 24 para. 23B inserted (6.4.2011) by Finance Act 2010 (c. 13), s. 35(2), Sch. 10 para. 6; S.I. 2011/975, art. 2(1) (with art. 3)

24An expression used in relation to income tax has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Acts.

Commencement Information

I21Sch. 24 para. 24 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

25An expression used in relation to corporation tax has the same meaning as in the Corporation Tax Acts.

Commencement Information

I22Sch. 24 para. 25 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

26An expression used in relation to capital gains tax has the same meaning as in the enactments relating to that tax.

Commencement Information

I23Sch. 24 para. 26 in force at 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

27An expression used in relation to VAT has the same meaning as in VATA 1994.

Commencement Information

I24Sch. 24 para. 27 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

28In this Schedule—

(a)a reference to corporation tax includes a reference to tax or duty which by virtue of an enactment is assessable or chargeable as if it were corporation tax,

(b)a reference to tax includes a reference to construction industry deductions under Chapter 3 of Part 3 of FA 2004,

(c)direct tax” means—

(i)income tax,

(ii)capital gains tax, F111...

(iii)corporation tax, [F112and

(iv)petroleum revenue tax,]

(d)a reference to understating liability to VAT includes a reference to overstating entitlement to a VAT credit,

F113(da). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)a reference to a loss includes a reference to a charge, expense, deficit and any other amount which may be available for, or relied on to claim, a deduction or relief,

(f)a reference to repayment of tax includes a reference to allowing a credit [F114against tax or to a payment of a corporation tax credit],

[F115(fa)corporation tax credit” means—

(i)an R&D tax credit under [F116Chapter 2 or 7 of Part 13 of CTA 2009],

[F117(ia)an R&D expenditure credit under Chapter 6A of Part 3 of CTA 2009,]

(ii)a land remediation tax credit or life assurance company tax credit under [F118Chapter 3 or 4 respectively of Part 14 of CTA 2009],

F119(iii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(iv)a film tax credit under [F120Chapter 3 of Part 15 of CTA 2009], F121...

[F122(iva)a television tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15A of that Act,

(ivb)a video game tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15B of that Act, F123...]

[F124(ivc)a theatre tax credit under section 1217K of that Act, F125...]

[F126(ivd)an orchestra tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15D of that Act, F127...]

[F128(ive)a museums and galleries exhibition tax credit under Chapter 3 of Part 15E of that Act, or]

(v)a first-year tax credit under Schedule A1 to CAA 2001,]

(g)tax period” means a tax year, accounting period or other period in respect of which tax is charged,

(h)a reference to giving a document to HMRC includes a reference to communicating information to HMRC in any form and by any method (whether by post, fax, email, telephone or otherwise),

(i)a reference to giving a document to HMRC includes a reference to making a statement or declaration in a document,

(j)a reference to making a return or doing anything in relation to a return includes a reference to amending a return or doing anything in relation to an amended return, and

(k)a reference to action includes a reference to omission.

Textual Amendments

F111Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(c) omitted (1.4.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F112Sch. 24 para. 28(c)(iv) and preceding word inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(2); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F113Sch. 24 para. 28(da) omitted (21.7.2009) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 8

F114Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(f) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(4); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F115Sch. 24 para. 28(fa) inserted (1.4.2009) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 122(2), Sch. 40 para. 20(5); S.I. 2009/571, art. 2

F116Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(a) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F117Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ia) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 15 para. 27 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 15 para. 8

F118Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ii) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(b) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F119Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iii) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by virtue of Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(c) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F120Words in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iv) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1329(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), s. 1329(1), Sch. 1 para. 727(d) (with Sch. 2 Pts. 1, 2)

F121Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iv) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 18 para. 23 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 18 paras. 7, 22; S.I. 2013/1817, art. 2(2); S.I. 2014/1962, art. 2(3)

F122Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(iva)(ivb) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 18 para. 23 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 18 paras. 7, 22; S.I. 2013/1817, art. 2(2); S.I. 2014/1962, art. 2(3)

F123Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ivb) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 4 para. 17 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 4 paras. 8, 16; S.I. 2014/2228, art. 2

F124Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ivc) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 4 para. 17 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 4 paras. 8, 16; S.I. 2014/2228, art. 2

F125Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ivc) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 17(1)(a) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), Sch. 8 para. 8

F126Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ivd) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 17(1)(a) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2016 (c. 24), Sch. 8 para. 8

F127Word in Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ivd) omitted (for specified purposes and with effect in accordance with Sch. 6 paras. 20, 21(1)(b) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 (c. 32), Sch. 6 para. 8

F128Sch. 24 para. 28(fa)(ive) inserted (for specified purposes and with effect in accordance with Sch. 6 paras. 20, 21(1)(b) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 (c. 32), Sch. 6 para. 8

Commencement Information

I25Sch. 24 para. 28 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Consequential amendmentsU.K.

29The following provisions are omitted—

(a)sections 95, 95A, 97 and 98A(4) of TMA 1970 (incorrect returns and accounts),

(b)sections 100A(1) and 103(2) of TMA 1970 (deceased persons),

(c)in Schedule 18 to FA 1998 (company tax returns), paragraphs 20 and 89 (company tax returns), and

(d)sections 60, 61, 63 and 64 of VATA 1994 (evasion).

Commencement Information

I26Sch. 24 para. 29 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4)

30In [F129paragraphs 7 and 7B] of Schedule 1 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4) (penalties) a reference to a provision of TMA 1970 shall be construed as a reference to this Schedule so far as is necessary to preserve its effect.

Textual Amendments

F129Words in Sch. 24 para. 30 substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 9

Commencement Information

I27Sch. 24 para. 30 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

31In [F130paragraphs 7 and 7B] of Schedule 1 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7) (penalties) a reference to a provision of TMA 1970 shall be construed as a reference to this Schedule so far as is necessary to preserve its effect.

Textual Amendments

F130Words in Sch. 24 para. 31 substituted (21.7.2009) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 57 para. 9

Commencement Information

I28Sch. 24 para. 31 in force at 1.4.2008 for certain purposes, 1.7.2008 for certain purposes, 1.1.2009 for certain purposes, and 1.4.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/568, art. 2 (with art. 3)

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