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Companies Act 2006

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 15 Chapter 1 Crossheading Companies-subject-to-the-small-companies-regime:

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  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 11(1) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 9(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)
  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 3(4) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 4 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Companies subject to the small companies regimeU.K.

381Companies subject to the small companies regimeU.K.

The small companies regime F1. . . applies to a company for a financial year in relation to which the company—

(a)qualifies as small (see sections 382 and 383), and

(b)is not excluded from the regime (see section 384).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C2Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

382Companies qualifying as small: generalU.K.

(1)A company qualifies as small in relation to its first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

[F2(1A)Subject to subsection (2), a company qualifies as small in relation to a subsequent financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.]

[F3(2)In relation to a subsequent financial year, where on its balance sheet date a company meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects its qualification as a small company only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.]

(3)The qualifying conditions are met by a company in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. Turnover[F4Not more than £10.2 million]
2. Balance sheet total[F5Not more than 5.1 million]
3. Number of employeesNot more than 50

(4)For a period that is a company's financial year but not in fact a year the maximum figures for turnover must be proportionately adjusted.

(5)The balance sheet total means the aggregate of the amounts shown as assets in the company's balance sheet.

(6)The number of employees means the average number of persons employed by the company in the year, determined as follows—

(a)find for each month in the financial year the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not),

(b)add together the monthly totals, and

(c)divide by the number of months in the financial year.

(7)This section is subject to section 383 (companies qualifying as small: parent companies).

Textual Amendments

F2S. 382(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(2)(a) (with reg. 3)

F3S. 382(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(2)(b) (with reg. 3)

F4Words in s. 382(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F5Words in s. 382(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C3Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

383Companies qualifying as small: parent companiesU.K.

(1)A parent company qualifies as a small company in relation to a financial year only if the group headed by it qualifies as a small group.

(2)A group qualifies as small in relation to the parent company's first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

[F6(2A)Subject to subsection (3), a group qualifies as small in relation to a subsequent financial year of the parent company if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.]

[F7(3)In relation to a subsequent financial year of the parent company, where on the parent company’s balance sheet date the group meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects the group’s qualification as a small group only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.]

(4)The qualifying conditions are met by a group in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. Aggregate turnover[F8Not more than £10.2 million net (or £12.2 million gross)]
2. Aggregate balance sheet total[F9Not more than £5.1 million net (or £6.1 million gross)]
3. Aggregate number of employeesNot more than 50

(5)The aggregate figures are ascertained by aggregating the relevant figures determined in accordance with section 382 for each member of the group.

(6)In relation to the aggregate figures for turnover and balance sheet total—

  • net” means after any set-offs and other adjustments made to eliminate group transactions—

    (a)

    in the case of Companies Act accounts, in accordance with regulations under section 404,

    (b)

    in the case of IAS accounts, in accordance with international accounting standards; and

  • gross” means without those set-offs and other adjustments.

A company may satisfy any relevant requirement on the basis of either the net or the gross figure.

(7)The figures for each subsidiary undertaking shall be those included in its individual accounts for the relevant financial year, that is—

(a)if its financial year ends with that of the parent company, that financial year, and

(b)if not, its financial year ending last before the end of the financial year of the parent company.

If those figures cannot be obtained without disproportionate expense or undue delay, the latest available figures shall be taken.

Textual Amendments

F6S. 383(2A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F7S. 383(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

F8Words in s. 383(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(4)(a) (with reg. 3)

F9Words in s. 383(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(4)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C4Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

384Companies excluded from the small companies regimeU.K.

(1)The small companies regime does not apply to a company that F10... was at any time within the financial year to which the accounts relate—

(a)a public company,

(b)a company that—

(i)is an authorised insurance company, a banking company, an e-money issuer, [F11a MiFID investment firm] or a UCITS management company, [F12or]

(ii)carries on insurance market activity, or

[F13(iii)is a scheme funder of a Master Trust scheme within the meanings given by section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 (interpretation of Part 1), or]

(c)a member of an ineligible group.

(2)A group is ineligible if any of its members is—

[F14(a)a traded company,]

(b)a body corporate (other than a company) whose shares are admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State,

(c)a person (other than a small company) who has permission under Part 4 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) to carry on a regulated activity,

[F15(ca)an e-money issuer,]

(d)a small company that is an authorised insurance company, a banking company, F16. . . [F17a MiFID investment firm] or a UCITS management company, [F18or]

(e)a person who carries on insurance market activity [F19or]

[F20(f)a scheme funder of a Master Trust scheme within the meanings given by section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 (interpretation of Part 1).]

(3)A company is a small company for the purposes of subsection (2) if it qualified as small in relation to its last financial year ending on or before the end of the financial year to which the accounts relate.

Textual Amendments

F10Words in s. 384(1) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(5)(a) (with reg. 3)

F14S. 384(2)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(5)(b) (with reg. 3)

F15S. 384(2)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies and Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2005), regs. 1(1), 2(2)(a) (with reg. 1(5)(6))

F16Words in s. 384(2)(d) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies and Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2005), regs. 1(1), 2(2)(b) (with reg. 1(5)(6))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C5S. 384 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 31(2)

C6Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

[F21 384A Companies qualifying as micro-entitiesU.K.

(1)A company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to its first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), a company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to a subsequent financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

(3)In relation to a subsequent financial year, where on its balance sheet date a company meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects its qualification as a micro-entity only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.

(4)The qualifying conditions are met by a company in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. TurnoverNot more than £632,000
2. Balance sheet totalNot more than £316,000
3. Number of employeesNot more than 10

(5)For a period that is a company’s financial year but not in fact a year the maximum figures for turnover must be proportionately adjusted.

(6)The balance sheet total means the aggregate of the amounts shown as assets in the company’s balance sheet.

(7)The number of employees means the average number of persons employed by the company in the year, determined as follows—

(a)find for each month in the financial year the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not),

(b)add together the monthly totals, and

(c)divide by the number of months in the financial year.

(8)In the case of a company which is a parent company, the company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to a financial year only if—

(a)the company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to that year, as determined by subsections (1) to (7), and

(b)the group headed by the company qualifies as a small group, as determined by section 383(2) to (7).

Textual Amendments

F21Ss. 384A , 384B inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(4) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 384A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 6)

384B Companies excluded from being treated as micro-entitiesU.K.

(1)The micro-entity provisions do not apply in relation to a company’s accounts for a particular financial year if the company was at any time within that year—

(a)a company excluded from the small companies regime by virtue of section 384,

(b) an investment undertaking as defined in Article 2(14) of Directive 2013/34/ EU of 26 June 2013 on the annual financial statements etc. of certain types of undertakings,

(c)a financial holding undertaking as defined in Article 2(15) of that Directive,

[F22(d)a credit institution within the meaning given by Article 4(1)(1) of Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, other than one listed in Article 2 of Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on access to the activity of credit institutions and investment firms,]

(e) an insurance undertaking as defined in Article 2(1) of Council Directive 91/674/EEC of 19 December 1991 on the annual accounts of insurance undertakings, or

(f)a charity.

(2)The micro-entity provisions also do not apply in relation to a company’s accounts for a financial year if —

(a)the company is a parent company which prepares group accounts for that year as permitted by section [F23399(4)], or

(b)the company is not a parent company but its accounts are included in consolidated group accounts for that year.]

Textual Amendments

F21Ss. 384A , 384B inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(4) (with reg. 3)

F23Word in s. 384B(2)(a) substituted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8S. 384B applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 6); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 2 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

C9S. 384B amendment to earlier affecting legislation S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (6.2.2019) by The Accounts and Reports (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (S.I. 2019/145), reg. 1(2)(a), Sch. 1 para. 3

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